The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Mozambique

Aug. 3, 2019, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: POLY-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-2

One aspect of polygamous marriages that influences succession and inheritance practices is the hierarchy that exists among wives. The first wife, also called the great wife, is regarded as the woman with most power and privileges in the family. According to the data gathered during the fieldwork, in the central provinces of Manica and Zambézia this means that the first son of the first wife would be considered the principal heir of his father’s possessions the children of other wives dependent on his willingness to share. In Gaza province in the south, however, the power of the first wife and her offspring seems to be more symbolical. It was reported...more
Aug. 3, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"With respect to polygamous marriages, the government’s most recent report to CEDAW indicated that it had amended the law to provide equal inheritance rights to all wives" (1)
Aug. 3, 2019, 7:26 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Polygamy is a customary practice commonly accepted in Mozambique, even though it is legally prohibited. There are no statistical data, because this practice is legally recognized, but we are conscious that in rural areas this practice abounds. And we also know that the second, third and even fourth woman has no legal rights and protection whatsoever" (63)
Aug. 3, 2019, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"In Mozambique, polygamy is neither sanctioned nor outlawed, but a man may only register one wife, thereby excluding additional wives from property entitlements" (10)
Aug. 3, 2019, 7 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: PW-LAW-1, PW-DATA-1

"Although Article 16(2) of the Family Law formally states that marriage is monogamous, polygamous marriages are widely practised" (para 21)
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Penalties for conviction range from two to eight years’ imprisonment if the victim is 12 years of age or older and 20 to 24 years’ imprisonment if the victim is under 12. Conviction of abuse of a spouse or unmarried partner may be punishable by one to two years’ imprisonment or longer if another crime is also applicable" (p. 14).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 15).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law against trafficking in persons, which includes forced labor, prescribes penalties of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for conviction of human trafficking, but no cases of forced labor were prosecuted during the year" (p. 22).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"By law the minimum age to marry for both genders is 18. Legal permission to marry at age 16 may be granted with parental consent" (p. 17).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Some NGOs provided health care, counseling, and vocational training to children, primarily girls, engaged in prostitution" (p. 17).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C existed in the country, but NGOs and the government concurred that the incidence was low for girls and women" (p. 15).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs remained concerned that certain male teachers used their authority to coerce female students into sex. For example, in July police arrested six teachers and coaches for allegedly entering a dormitory and having sex with students at the Gaza School Games. The teachers were arrested several days after the incident, but they had yet to be charged by year’s end" (p. 17).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence" (p. 14).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The penal code does not allow victims to drop charges for rape if they marry the perpetrator" (p. 14).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography" (p. 17).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of “purification,” whereby a widow is obligated to have unprotected sex with a member of her deceased husband’s family, continued, particularly in rural areas, despite campaigns against it" (p. 15).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence" (p. 14). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 for boys and girls" (p. 17).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is obtained by birth within the country or birth to at least one Mozambican citizen parent outside the country" (p. 16).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Child prostitution appeared to be most prevalent in Maputo, Nampula, Beira, border towns, and at overnight stopping points along key transportation routes" (p. 17).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"There is no legislation on sexual harassment in public places outside of schools. By law a teacher who abuses or sexually harasses a student through orders, threats, or coercion may be fined up to twenty times the teacher’s salary" (p. 15).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties for conviction range from two to eight years’ imprisonment if the victim is 12 years of age or older and 20 to 24 years’ imprisonment if the victim is under 12" (p. 14).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Tuition-free education is compulsory through primary school (grades one to seven)" (p. 16).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"The MGGAS appraisal of the Economic and Social Plan (PES) of 2014 indicates an increase in coverage, between 2013 and 2015, from 286,013 to 338,219 vulnerable households. This corresponds to a net increase of 52,206 households (AF). The number of new entrants in 2014 was of 53,021 AF, being 30,406 households chaired by women. Elder women were 27,581 of the 47,825 households chaired by elder women. As for the households chaired by disabled people, the coverage was of 3,715 people of which 49% are women" (24). "The Government implements programs to secure the rights of disabled women and promote access to education, information and health services, including sexual and reproductive...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Increment factors are as follows: a) The expansion of school coverage to areas closer to the communities as per 204% in EP2, 148% in ESG1, 226% in ESG2, 422% in Medium Professional and Vocational Education and 89% and 163% in Private and Public Higher Education, respectively, to encourage enrolments at the right established age (6 years old) into the education system; b) The growth of the educational staff with the increment of teachers trained in the Teacher Training Institutes which serves as model for the girls; c) The campaigns promoting the schooling of girls in partnership with the communities to discourage early marriages and the overload of domestic activities onto...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Although the knowledge about family planning methods is high amongst women and men in Mozambique, the specific and adequate knowledge about the various methods and their use is still low and with very little alteration over past years" (22). "Being the health of women and s a national priority, the Government focused on prevention and treatment actions of diseases which women are highly prone to. The following measures stand out from those introduced by the Government: (...) b) The design of the Integrated National Plan to Reach the Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 (2009–2012/2015) and the National Health and Sexual and Reproductive Rights Policy (2012); (...) i) Approval of...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Among these are the creation/formalization of the Gender Units in each sector, coordinated by the National Council for Advancement of Women, through the Gender Focal Points, which coordinate the Gender Units in the respective sectors. (…) Until now, 27 Gender Units were created; 23 in various Ministries, 4 in Higher Education institutions and 1 in the Constitutional Court. This is a progress compared to 2009, where only 14 Gender Units were available and all of them in Ministries. In addition, 7 Ministries already have gender strategies that guide their respective activities concerning gender equality and women empowerment. These are: The Ministry of Health, Education, Women and Social Action, Environment, Agriculture...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In addition, poverty analysis based on consumption, dated back in 2008/9 show a poverty stagnation between 2002/3 and 2008/9 in the range of 54.7%, with higher concentration in rural areas (57%) that in urban areas (50%), according to the MPD, in its Third Poverty Assessment, 2013" (8). "Concerning polygamy, data from the same inquiry points to a reduction of women living in polygamist relationships. In the urban areas, the percentage of women in monogamist unions increased from 67% to 74%. In the rural areas, the increase is relatively lower (71.1% to 74.6%) and a contrasting increase is observed in women whose partners have another wife. The message given by the...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AOM-DATA-1

"The percentage of girls that start their sexual life at 15 years old has decreased from 27.7% to 21.8% from 2011. Because of the still high rate of early marriages, the incidence of pregnancies has not suffered any changes at all and remained at 40%, making the risk of miscarriages considerably high" (22).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Cabinet of Parliamentary Women, also at the Assembly of the Republic — which aims at opening a space for the parliamentary women to handle their matters and establish linking mechanisms with women’s organizations in order to ensure that gender matters and fight against poverty are considered during the deliberations of the Assembly of the Republic" (10). "The regulation of the Law on Local State Bodies (LOLE) calls attention to the involvement of women in Local State Bodies (OLE) by stating in its article 118 the importance to secure the representation of women in the Local Consultative Councils. It was within this scope that a minimum quota of 30% was...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CL-DATA-1

"The poverty index for 2012 showed an estimated gender inequality index at 0.582 points placing the country at the position 125 from 187 countries. This was however an improvement when compared to the estimation of 0.718 of 2008, i.e. 111 position among 169 countries (UNDP, Human Development Reports, 2010 and 2013). Poverty indexes in families headed by women are estimated at 58%, a drop of 4 percentage points when compared to the previous year" (8-9),