The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Mozambique

June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"The MGGAS appraisal of the Economic and Social Plan (PES) of 2014 indicates an increase in coverage, between 2013 and 2015, from 286,013 to 338,219 vulnerable households. This corresponds to a net increase of 52,206 households (AF). The number of new entrants in 2014 was of 53,021 AF, being 30,406 households chaired by women. Elder women were 27,581 of the 47,825 households chaired by elder women. As for the households chaired by disabled people, the coverage was of 3,715 people of which 49% are women" (24). "The Government implements programs to secure the rights of disabled women and promote access to education, information and health services, including sexual and reproductive...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Increment factors are as follows: a) The expansion of school coverage to areas closer to the communities as per 204% in EP2, 148% in ESG1, 226% in ESG2, 422% in Medium Professional and Vocational Education and 89% and 163% in Private and Public Higher Education, respectively, to encourage enrolments at the right established age (6 years old) into the education system; b) The growth of the educational staff with the increment of teachers trained in the Teacher Training Institutes which serves as model for the girls; c) The campaigns promoting the schooling of girls in partnership with the communities to discourage early marriages and the overload of domestic activities onto...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Although the knowledge about family planning methods is high amongst women and men in Mozambique, the specific and adequate knowledge about the various methods and their use is still low and with very little alteration over past years" (22). "Being the health of women and s a national priority, the Government focused on prevention and treatment actions of diseases which women are highly prone to. The following measures stand out from those introduced by the Government: (...) b) The design of the Integrated National Plan to Reach the Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 (2009–2012/2015) and the National Health and Sexual and Reproductive Rights Policy (2012); (...) i) Approval of...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Among these are the creation/formalization of the Gender Units in each sector, coordinated by the National Council for Advancement of Women, through the Gender Focal Points, which coordinate the Gender Units in the respective sectors. (…) Until now, 27 Gender Units were created; 23 in various Ministries, 4 in Higher Education institutions and 1 in the Constitutional Court. This is a progress compared to 2009, where only 14 Gender Units were available and all of them in Ministries. In addition, 7 Ministries already have gender strategies that guide their respective activities concerning gender equality and women empowerment. These are: The Ministry of Health, Education, Women and Social Action, Environment, Agriculture...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In addition, poverty analysis based on consumption, dated back in 2008/9 show a poverty stagnation between 2002/3 and 2008/9 in the range of 54.7%, with higher concentration in rural areas (57%) that in urban areas (50%), according to the MPD, in its Third Poverty Assessment, 2013" (8). "Concerning polygamy, data from the same inquiry points to a reduction of women living in polygamist relationships. In the urban areas, the percentage of women in monogamist unions increased from 67% to 74%. In the rural areas, the increase is relatively lower (71.1% to 74.6%) and a contrasting increase is observed in women whose partners have another wife. The message given by the...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AOM-DATA-1

"The percentage of girls that start their sexual life at 15 years old has decreased from 27.7% to 21.8% from 2011. Because of the still high rate of early marriages, the incidence of pregnancies has not suffered any changes at all and remained at 40%, making the risk of miscarriages considerably high" (22).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Cabinet of Parliamentary Women, also at the Assembly of the Republic — which aims at opening a space for the parliamentary women to handle their matters and establish linking mechanisms with women’s organizations in order to ensure that gender matters and fight against poverty are considered during the deliberations of the Assembly of the Republic" (10). "The regulation of the Law on Local State Bodies (LOLE) calls attention to the involvement of women in Local State Bodies (OLE) by stating in its article 118 the importance to secure the representation of women in the Local Consultative Councils. It was within this scope that a minimum quota of 30% was...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CL-DATA-1

"The poverty index for 2012 showed an estimated gender inequality index at 0.582 points placing the country at the position 125 from 187 countries. This was however an improvement when compared to the estimation of 0.718 of 2008, i.e. 111 position among 169 countries (UNDP, Human Development Reports, 2010 and 2013). Poverty indexes in families headed by women are estimated at 58%, a drop of 4 percentage points when compared to the previous year" (8-9),
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MARR-DATA-2

"Data from the 2011 Demographic and Health Inquiry indicates a decreasing tendency of the percentage of s (15 to 19 years old) living with a partner (married or living in non-formal unions), from 37% to 36%; and an increase of single ones from 57% to 59% during the same years" (14).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

Table 1 in page 17 shows the number of students in primary schools for 2007 and 2014. In 2007 girls were 46% of EP1 students and 45-6% of EP2 studients. In 2014 girls represented 47.9% of EP1 students and 46.8% of EP2 students. The document does not establish what is the difference between EP1 and EP2 (17). "The trend is similar within the following levels. Not only the increment of the number of students, but a greater representation of girls can be observed in the years that have been analysed with increases varying from 2.2 percentage points in the Professional and Vocational Education to 7.5 percentage points in the medium...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"In partnership with Civil Society Organizations, trainings were carried out for associations providing legal support to women, in order to ensure and exercise their rights in key areas such as access and control of land and natural resources, sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS and gender based violence" (12).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Revision of the Penal Code (from 2014) — In order to suit its applicability to the current context, considering that the previous one was developed at the end of the XIX century. Although it was not yet promulgated (already approved by the Assembly of the Republic), the following great innovations of this code are: (...) (iii) Not forcing an aggressor to marry the sexually abused woman or child, although the age limit for minors is still to be considered (for cases of sexual violations of minors, only children until the age of 16 years old are considered)" (6).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Article 26 of the Constitution of the Republic stipulates that Mozambican nationality via marriage can be acquired: (a) By a foreigner who has been married to a Mozambican citizen for at least five years, except in cases of statelessness, yet cumulative; (b) By a foreigner who declares to wanting to acquire the Mozambican nationality; (c) By a foreigner who meets the requisites and the norms prescribed by the law. It should be noted that the declaration of nullity or dissolution of the marriage does not prejudice the acquired nationality of the spouse. And by affiliation article 28 of the 2004 Constitution of the Republic defends that through the act of...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"In the revision and approval of the above laws, it is to highlight the importance of diverse advocacy actions carried out by the National Directorate of Gender, the National Council for Advancement of Women and civil society organizations, such as Forum Mulher, Forum of Rural Mozambican Women (FOMMUR), FDC, Action Aid, Save the Children, among others, in order to accelerate the legal reform process" (6).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"It can be highlighted, for example, the increase of women’s representation in minister’s positions from 15.3% in 2004 to about 29% in 2014; and between the Deputies of the Assembly of the Republic, from 28% in 2004, to 40% in 2014" (9). The Assemblu of the Republic is the legislative body of Mozambique (CCS-CODER COMMENT). ". Still among members of the Government, there are significant progresses regarding women’s participation among members of the Permanent Commission of the Assembly of the Republic (40%), Members of Parliament (40%). In 2014, the presidency of the Parliament was exercised by a woman" (15). "The regulation of the Law on Local State Bodies (LOLE) calls...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The data from the 2011 Demographic and Health Inquiry indicates an increase of pre-natal care to pregnant women from about 85% to 91%, and increased institutional births from 47% to 54%" (22). "Being the health of women and s a national priority, the Government focused on prevention and treatment actions of diseases which women are highly prone to. The following measures stand out from those introduced by the Government: (...) c) The development of a national partnership to promote Maternal, Neonatal and Infants Health (2009); d) The launching of the Campaign to Reduce Accelerated Maternal Mortality in Africa, enlarging the advocacy strategy to promote maternal health involving all interested parties,...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Revision of the Penal Code (from 2014) — In order to suit its applicability to the current context, considering that the previous one was developed at the end of the XIX century. Although it was not yet promulgated (already approved by the Assembly of the Republic), the following great innovations of this code are: (...) (ii) Penalization of sex with conscious transmission of diseases; (iii) Not forcing an aggressor to marry the sexually abused woman or child, although the age limit for minors is still to be considered (for cases of sexual violations of minors, only children until the age of 16 years old are considered)" (6).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CWC-DATA-1

"In 2014, the Mozambican population was of 25 million inhabitants, of which, 68% rural and only 32% urban. The proportion of women in the country is 52%, and this is predominantly visible in the adult age (between 20 and 44 years old) and particularly in the rural areas, where women constitute 55% of the population (the peak of women concentration is situated between the ages of 25 and 29 years old, 57%). Considering its relative smaller proportion in urban areas and in the adult age, it can be inferred that the male youth migrate from rural areas to cities, thus creating a tendency of feminization of rural areas (INE, Population...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Within the context of high HIV and AIDS prevalence among women, for example, priority was given to the reduction of transmission of HIV and AIDS to women, which occur during the widow’s purification ceremonies, through sensitization of community leaders and traditional healers and the community about the risks posed by unprotected sexual activities" (14).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Despite the guarantee of a 25% quota of women in the road construction, rehabilitation and maintenance, there are still challenges related to the increment of the perception over the advantages to levie part of their income into the social providence, the expansion and reinforcement of Employment and Professional Training Centres, a greater participation of women on the offered opportunities and elimination of discrimination of women to access jobs and remuneration" (21).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In addition, the 2010–2014 National Plan for Advancement of Women considered the implementation of the following actions: a) Train 170 district trainers on the dissemination of the Law on Domestic Violence against Women; b) Carry out 11 provincial dissemination seminars on the Law about Domestic Violence against Women; c) Print 2,000 brochures of the Law about Domestic Violence Against Women; d) Publish the summarized version of the Law about Domestic Violence Against Women and printing of 2,000 copies; e) Disseminate the National Action Plan for Prevention and Fight Violence against Women; f) Publish 2,000 brochures of the SADC’s Gender and Development Protocol" (11-12). "There were 25 training seminars on protection...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"The approval of Law 10/2004 of 25 August (Family Law) establishes the equality of rights between women and men. The shared leadership in the family and the recognition of couples living together and equal rights among women and men are advances in the marriage status and family relations in the said Law. Articles 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, and 104 of the Family Law, without prejudice to the interpretation of the Law in general, adopt clearly the provisions that could be discriminatory amongst men and women, conceding them the same rights in equal circumstances" (26-27).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LR-DATA-1

"The developments in the education sector are visible. INE population data shows that there has been an increase in literacy rate in 2013 to 70% for men (66% in 2007) and 40% for women (36% in 2007) and a significant schooling increment of girls" (17).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, ISTD-DATA-2, ISTD-DATA-3

"The results regarding the prevalence of HIV attained through the 2009 INSIDA indicates that 11.5% of Mozambican adults of 15–49 years of age are infected with HIV. These indicates also that women prevalence is higher than men’s (13.1 and 9.2% respectively). The prevalence by sex and age specifically shows that the prevalence for women and men grow with age till it reaches the peak, which it is between 25–29 for women (16.8%) and 35–39 (14.2%)" (23).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Mozambique elected the access to micro-finance for women as one of the strategic actions to reduce poverty, especially female poverty, the access to general financial services that currently cover a bit more than 10% of the total population, mainly in urban areas. For that the following actions need to be carried out: (...) b) 195 associations were assisted within the implementation scope of the micro finance projects and rotational credit and this benefited 3,448 members, where 1,726 were men and 1,722 women in Niassa and Manica provinces; In 2003, 17,053 people, 13,195 men and 3,857 (22.6%) women benefited from the District Development Fund (FDD), whereas 16,964 people...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Government has also passed the Labour Law, Law 23/2007 of 1 August, which consecrates the principle of equality and non-discrimination based on sex and supports the implementation of the principle of equal opportunities through the increment of the participation of women in the labour market" (20). "One of the gaps of the present law is that it does not include workers of the informal sector, whose majority are women" (20).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"Being the health of women and s a national priority, the Government focused on prevention and treatment actions of diseases which women are highly prone to. The following measures stand out from those introduced by the Government: a) The creation of the Women and Child Department and the development and implementation of the 2009–2013 Gender Equity Strategy in the Health Sector, which articulates the institutional strategic actions and the chapter on services rendering to reinforce gender dimension in the Health Sector in all areas and levels; b) The design of the Integrated National Plan to Reach the Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 (2009–2012/2015) and the National Health and Sexual...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"Maternal mortality is still high with a downfall trend. Estimated at 408 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2011 — this figure decreased from about 1,000 deaths per 100,000 live births in the 90s" (22).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"It can be highlighted, for example, the increase of women’s representation in minister’s positions from 15.3% in 2004 to about 29% in 2014; and between the Deputies of the Assembly of the Republic, from 28% in 2004, to 40% in 2014" (9). "The progress on women’s participation in politics and decision making bodies is significant. In the Government, the proportion of female Ministers increased to 28% in 2014, the proportion of female Vice Ministers increased from 18% to 20% and the Provincial Governors’ went from a nil representation to 36% in the same period. Currently, 24% of the diplomats are women" (15). "Note that the 28% of female Ministers is...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Revision of the Penal Code (from 2014) — In order to suit its applicability to the current context, considering that the previous one was developed at the end of the XIX century. Although it was not yet promulgated (already approved by the Assembly of the Republic), the following great innovations of this code are: (i) Decriminalization of voluntary interruption of a pregnancy, after recognizing unsafe abortion as a public health problem" (6).