The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Nepal

Sept. 28, 2020, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMPP-PRACTICE-1

"The first time I heard the word 'chhaupadi', I was standing on a rooftop in Surkhet, Nepal, in November 2017, surrounded by teenage girls…Some of the girls had asked to meet with us after school to talk about their lives; we'd barely finished with introductions when one tearfully told us she'd been banished from her home and made to sleep in a cow shed when she began menstruating. This is the way it was for many girls and women in Nepal, we learned, as the other girls told us their stories" (para 1). "Not all were made to practice the chhaupadi in the strictest form. Some were allowed to stay...more
Sept. 28, 2020, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"Several women each year are sexually assaulted while in chhaupadi and some die -- from cold exposure, snake bite or suffocation caused by smoke inhalation. In January, 35-year-old Amba Bohara and her two young sons suffocated to death when Ms. Bohara lit a fire inside her tiny menstrual hut to keep them warm. In February, 21-year-old Parbati Bogati died in an abandoned house, also of suffocation" (para 3).
Sept. 28, 2020, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"It's also dangerous. Several women each year are sexually assaulted while in chhaupadi" (para 3).
Sept. 28, 2020, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMPP-LAW-1

"In an effort to end the practice, Nepal's Supreme Court outlawed chhaupadi in 2005, and in 2017 a law was enacted that made it a crime to force girls and women out of their homes during menstruation" (para 4).
Sept. 28, 2020, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"But the practice persists, because of deeply held superstitions about menstruation and the immense social pressure to enforce the menstrual taboo" (para 4). "'If we don't, God will be angry' was a phrase Brian and I heard over and over again in our conversations with the girls, when they explained to us why their families and communities believed they must follow such oppressive rules. And this is the reason ending the practice has been so difficult. Because the menstrual taboo in Nepal is rooted in long-held beliefs about the intrinsic inferiority of girls and women, the solution isn't to destroy menstrual huts but to eradicate deeply internalized ideas about the...more
Sept. 28, 2020, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Most were prevented from attending school while menstruating and all had severe restrictions on what they could eat, and whom they could touch and even gaze upon" (para 2).
Sept. 28, 2020, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMPP-DATA-1

"Some of the girls had asked to meet with us after school to talk about their lives; we'd barely finished with introductions when one tearfully told us she'd been banished from her home and made to sleep in a cow shed when she began menstruating" (para 1). "Not all were made to practice the chhaupadi in the strictest form. Some were allowed to stay in their homes but were confined to one room with darkened windows; others were forced to spend their days in nearby forests, permitted to return home only after darkness and required to depart before dawn" (para 2). "Less severe forms of the practice-- those that isolate...more
Sept. 28, 2020, 11:04 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MISA-DATA-2

In Nepal, the incidence of alcohol abuse disorders is 3.1% among men and 0.6% among women.
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 11 of the 2015 Constitution of Nepal confers a fundamentally inferior legal status on women, by preventing them from passing citizenship to their children according to the same terms as Nepali men" (para 15).
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Legal gaps and lack of political will continue to mar accountability for sexual violence, especially for victims from minority communities. A statute of limitations of one year on rape and sexual violence allegations prevents many cases from being brought to justice" (para 13). "Despite numerous protests, the government failed to adopt policies to protect and provide justice for women and girls, especially those from minority communities, who faced rape and sexual violence. Instead, numerous cases are mishandled by authorities, including that of a 15-year-old Dalit girl from Mahottari, in southeast Nepal, whose rape and murder at the end on 2018 the police refused to register during 2019" (para 14). "Crimes,...more
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Legal gaps and lack of political will continue to mar accountability for sexual violence, especially for victims from minority communities. A statute of limitations of one year on rape and sexual violence allegations prevents many cases from being brought to justice" (para 13).
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-4, AOM-LAW-1

"The government has outlawed a number of harmful practices including chhaupadi (menstrual seclusion), dowry, witchcraft allegations, and child marriage. However, enforcement remains weak, and these deeply entrenched practices continue" (para 12).
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In November 2018, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women recommended that Nepal endorse the Safe Schools Declaration, an international commitment to protect education during armed conflict. At time of writing, it had yet to do so" (para 16).
Sept. 7, 2020, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: East Timor, Egypt, Lesotho, Macedonia, Malawi, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Serbia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Taiwan
Variables: ISSA-SCALE-1

3.0
Sept. 5, 2020, 5:02 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkey, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam
Variables: AOM-SCALE-3

2.0
Sept. 5, 2020, 5:02 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, North Korea, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam
Variables: AOM-SCALE-2

0.0more
Sept. 5, 2020, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Cuba, D R Congo, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-SCALE-1

2.0more
Aug. 13, 2020, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-1

“In a 2017 study of Nepali men, Matthew Maycock describes how the word tājā (fresh) is evolving to describe whiter skin as part of a new form of desirable masculinity.”
Aug. 5, 2020, 11:33 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Under the Marriage Registration Act the minimum legal age of marriage in Nepal is 20 years for girls and boys. They are able to marry at 18 years with parental consent" (para 30)
July 27, 2020, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

According to 2016 data from the UNICEF Data Warehouse, 7% of women (aged 20-24 years) were married or in union before age 15 and 39.5% of women (aged 20-24 years) were married or in union before age 18 (CODER COMMENT - MAD)
July 27, 2020, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

A UNICEF dataset from 2020 cites 2016 DHS data, which reports that 2% of women in Nepal aged 20 to 24 years were married by 15 and 40% of women in Nepal aged 20 to 24 years were married by 18 (CODER COMMENT - MAD)
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Among births in the 3 years before the survey, the median duration of postpartum amenorrhea is 6.0 months, while the median duration of abstinence from sexual intercourse is 3.4 months after giving birth. Women are insusceptible to pregnancy after childbirth for a median of 7.8 months. Trends: The median durations of postpartum amenorrhea and insusceptibility have declined steadily since 2001. The median duration of postpartum amenorrhea fell from 11.1 months in 2001 to 6.0 months in 2016, while the median duration of postpartum insusceptibility declined from 11.4 to 7.8 months. In contrast, the median duration of abstinence increased from 2.2 months in 2001 to 3.4 months in 2016" (92). "The...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"The maternal mortality ratio for the period 2009-2016 is 239 deaths per 100,000 live births. The confidence interval ranges from 134 to 345, which is very wide because of the small number of maternal deaths in the sibling histories—only 29. The maternal mortality rate for women age 15-49 is 0.20 deaths per 1,000 women years of exposure. Age-specific mortality rates are calculated by dividing the number of maternal deaths by years of exposure. The highest maternal mortality rate is in age group 25-29, which coincides with the age of peak fertility for women in Nepal. About 12% of deaths to women age 15-49 are maternal deaths" (261). "In the 2016...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"The total fertility rate (TFR) in Nepal is 2.3 children per woman. On average, fertility is higher among women in rural areas than among women in urban areas (2.9 versus 2.0 children). The age specific- fertility rate in the 15-19 age group is 88 births per 1,000 women. The rate peaks among women age 20-24 (172 births per 1,000 women) and declines thereafter, reaching the lowest level among women age 40 and over. Trends: The TFR has declined markedly in Nepal over time. Between 1996 and 2016, the TFR decreased by 2.3 children (4.6 versus 2.3). The largest decline was observed between 2001 and 2006 (4.1 versus 3.1 chidlren). Results...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-DATA-1

"A majority of women (77%) and men (66%) are currently married, while 21% of women and 33% of men have never been married" (43). "More than three-quarters of women age 15-49 are currently married (77%), as married compared with two-thirds of men (66%). One in every three men (33%) and 21% of women have never been married. Among those less than age 30, women are more likely than men to be currently married. For example, the proportion of young women age 15-19 who are married (27%) is higher than the proportion among men in that age group (6%). Similarly, at age 20-24, 75% of women and 44% of men are...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"The findings show that an overwhelmingly large proportion of women justified refusing sexual intercourse under the two situations: 92% if the husband has an STI and 83% if the wife knows her husband has sex with other women. The corresponding proportions among male respondents were 96% and 75%" (308). "To assess the ability of a woman to negotiate sexual relations, currently married women were asked whether they can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sexual intercourse and whether they can ask their husband to use a condom. A large proportion of women said they can deny sex (90%) or ask their husband to use...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"Short birth intervals (less than 24 months) are associated with increased health risks for both mothers and newborns. The median birth interval in Nepal is 36.7 months. Twenty-one percent of births occurred less than 24 months after the preceding birth. Trends: Between 2001 and 2011, the median birth interval increased from 31.8 months to 36.2 months. However, the pace of increase was slower between 2011 and 2016 (36.2 months and 36.7 months, respectively). Since decreasing from 24% in 1996 to 21% in 2011, the percentage of children born after a short interval (less than 24 months) has remained constant over the past 5 years (at 21%)" (91).
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: DACH-DATA-3

"The median age at first sexual intercourse is 17.9 years among women and 20.5 years among men age 25- 49. On average, women initiate sexual intercourse almost 3 years earlier than men, mainly because women marry earlier than men. The median age at first sexual intercourse is 1 year earlier than the median age at first marriage among men, while the median ages at first marriage and first sexual intercourse are the same among women (Figure 4.3). This implies that men tend to have sexual intercourse before marriage, but women in general initiate sexual intercourse with their first marriage. Eleven percent of women age 25-49 had initiated sexual intercourse by...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Thirty-four percent of births in the 5 years preceding the survey are not in any high-risk category. Thirty- two percent are in the unavoidable risk category, which includes first births to women between age 18 and age 34; 27% are in a single high-risk category (mother’s age less than 18 years, mother’s age more than 34 years, birth interval less than 24 months, and birth order more than three); and 7% are in multiple high-risk categories. Risk ratios indicate the relationship between risk factors and child mortality. Among those in the single high-risk category, the risk ratio is highest (2.33) for children born to women younger than age 18, with...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Twenty-two percent of women age 15-49 have experienced physical violence since age 15, including 9% of women who have experienced physical violence often or sometimes in the 12 months preceding the survey. Six percent of women who have ever been pregnant experienced violence during pregnancy. Trends: In the 5 years between the 2011 NDHS and the 2016 NDHS, the percentage of women who had experienced physical violence since age 15 has remained unchanged at 22%, as has the percentage who experienced physical violence in the 12 months preceding the survey (9% in both surveys). Similarly, there is no change in women’s experience of violence during pregnancy" (339). "Most ever-married women...more