The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Nepal

May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IM-DATA-1

"The under-5 mortality rate in Nepal fell by 11 percent between 2006 and 2011 (from 61 deaths per 1,000 live births in the 2006 NDHS to 54 per 1,000 live births in the 2011 NDHS), and the infant mortality rate declined by 4 percent during the same period (from 48 deaths per 1,000 live births to 46 per 1,000 live births). In contrast to the drop in infant and child mortality, the neonatal mortality rate remained stationary at 33 deaths per 1,000 live births between 2006 and 2011" (159).
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1

"In Nepal, an estimated 39,397 adults (including 1,589 children) were infected with HIV in 2015. HIV infections are more common among men than women; estimates indicate that 38 percent of the people living with HIV are women. Overall, around one quarter of infections are estimated to be among high-risk groups including PWIDs [people who inject drugs] (8 percent), MSM [men who have sex with men] (9 percent), clients of sex workers (5 percent), male sex workers (MSWs), transgender sex workers (3 percent), and FSWs [female sex workers] (1 percent). Low-risk males, including MLMs [male labor migrants], account for 40 percent of all infections, and low-risk females account for the remaining...more
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Combined oral contraceptive pills, male condoms, and progestin-only injectables (Depo) are the most commonly offered family planning methods. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (implants and intrauterine contraceptive devices [IUCDs]) are offered at half of health facilities where family planning services are available. Virtually all facilities where family planning services are available are able to provide male condoms, oral contraceptives, and injectables to clients at the facility. However, only around one in five facilities where family planning services are available provide IUCDs and implants at the facility" (93).
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"A number of international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and local NGOs also work collaboratively with the Ministry of Health to plan, implement, and monitor activities at the national, district, and local levels. All of these activities are reviewed periodically" (10).
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"2014 NHP sets out a forward-looking agenda for improving the health and well-being of all citizens of Nepal, including the elderly, differently abled people, single women, and poor, marginalized, and vulnerable communities. It articulates the nation’s commitment towards achieving universal health coverage (UHC). It seeks to place health as a central component of overall development, building partnerships and establishing multisectoral collaboration" (2).
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SAB-DATA-1

"Starting breastfeeding within the first hour is a nearly universal practice (99 percent), and almost all facilities (97 percent) normal vaginal delivery… reported that it is routine practice to keep newborns warm by drying and wrapping them" (159-160).
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-DATA-3

"The HIV prevalence in the adult population in Nepal has dropped to 0.21 percent from a previous high of nearly 0.34 percent, while estimates of the number of new infections have dropped to below 1,400 annually from a high of around 7,500 per year (National Center for AIDS and STD Control [NCASC] 2015a)" (169-170).
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

"According to the most recent estimates, the number of FSWs [female sex workers] in Nepal ranges between 24,649 and 28,359 (NCASC 2011a)" (170).
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"About 98 percent of health facilities in Nepal offer antenatal care (ANC) services" (117). "Ninety percent of health facilities had all essential ANC medicines (combined iron and folic acid tablets, and albendazole tablets) available for ANC clients. Almost half of all observed ANC clients were counseled on nutrition during pregnancy. One-third of clients were advised on issues relating to the progress of their pregnancy. Two out of ten clients were counseled on importance of at least four ANC visits and on birth/planning/preparedness measures" (117). "Overall, one-third of ANC clients reported that the provider had discussed any of the warning signs for pregnancy complications. When asked to name warning signs, ANC...more
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"The Local Self Governance Act (LSGA), 1999 envisaged, for the first time, to decentralize governance in the health sector through devolution of responsibilities, authority and resources to the local bodies. These acts facilitated the transfer of power and authority over health care to local bodies called Health Facility Operation and Management Committees (HFOMCs). These committees were created to serve as a bridge between the government and local communities, communicating the concerns of community members to health facilities and VDCs. The HFOMC is represented by the elected VDC chair, a locally elected woman representative, a representative from the dalit and marginalized population, a female community health volunteer, a local school teacher,...more
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7

A woman in Nepal can legally choose where she lives in the same way as a man (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

Sons and daughters do not have equal inheritance rights in Nepal (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is not paid maternity leave available to women in Nepal of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 0% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Nepal can legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man (118). A woman in Nepal can legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

A woman in Nepal can legally travel outside the country and her own home in the same way as a man (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

Female and male surviving spouses have equal inheritance rights in Nepal (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Nepal can legally sign a contract, register a business, and open a bank account in the same way as a man. Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (118). Discrimination based on gender is not prohibited in access to credit in Nepal, and neither is discrimination based on marital status (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: DV-LAW-1

There is legislation specifically addressing domestic violence in Nepal (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

Nepalese law does not mandate equal remuneration for work of equal value. The mandatory retirement ages for men and women are the same (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman in Nepal can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: GP-DATA-5

Nepalese law establishes an anti-discrimination commission (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Nepal (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is not paid maternity leave available to women in Nepal of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 0% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (118). Parents in Nepal are not able to work flexibly (118). Working flexibly, such as working from home or taking partial days off to care for children, could be considered a childcare benefit (EJ-CODER COMMENT).more
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Women in Nepal are not legally required to obey their husbands (118) Women can be head of household in the same way as a man. In Nepal, the original owner of any property legally administers the property in marriage (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

The government of Nepal does not provide for valuation of nonmonetary contributions, such as staying at home to take care of children or other dependents (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

A woman in Nepal can legally get a job in the same way as a man. Women cannot work the same night hours as men. Women are able to work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are not able to perform the same tasks at work as men. Women can work in the same industries as men (118). The mandatory retirement age for men and women are the same (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Nepal cannot work the same night hours as men. Women can work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are not able to perform the same tasks at work as men (118). The mandatory retirement age for men and women is the same (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CL-LAW-1

The government of Nepal does not provide for valuation of nonmonetary contributions, such as staying at home to take care of the elderly and disabled (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

Primary education in Nepal is not free and compulsory (118).