The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Nicaragua

Sept. 19, 2018, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the proportion of married or in-union women of reproductive age who have their need for family planning satisified is 84.0 (latest available data for 2005-2009).
Sept. 19, 2018, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 9.1 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua, Togo
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 9.5 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to the WHO 2017 statistical report, the adoescent birth rate (per 1000 women aged 15-19 years) was 92 based on data from 2005-2014.
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination regarding race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status. The government did not effectively enforce these laws and regulations" (31).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Observers reported a general increase in sexual crimes against women compared with 2014. The NNP reported 1,126 cases of rape and aggravated rape and 1,090 cases of sexual abuse in 2013, the most recent data available. The Institute of Legal Medicine within the judicial branch, however, reported investigating 6,069 incidents of sexual violence in 2013, constituting 9 percent of their investigations" (20). "The NNP reported that in 2013, the most recent period for which data was available, authorities received 1,242 complaints of sex crimes against adolescent girls and brought charges in 93 percent of those cases. On October 20, during the hearings of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, civil...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sentences for those convicted of rape range from eight to 12 years, or 15 years in cases of aggravated rape" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Many women were reluctant to report abuse due to enforced medical examinations for survivors of rape and other sexual crimes, social stigma, fear of retribution, impunity for perpetrators, and loss of economic security" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"The latest World Health Organization figures estimated the maternal mortality rate to be 150 per 100,000" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and those convicted face one- to three-year sentences, or three to five years if the victim is under 18 years old" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The law provides equality for both genders...The NNP Office of the Superintendent of Women is responsible for enforcement...The Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman’s special prosecutor for women and the Nicaraguan Women’s Institute, the government entities responsible for protecting women’s rights, had limited effectiveness" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not effectively enforce these laws and regulations. Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to women, persons with disabilities, sexual orientation, and gender identity (see section 6)" (31).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to the 2013 Gender Gap Report, women earned 43 percent less than men for equal work" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory and from one’s parents" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CBMC-DATA-1

"Human rights groups expressed concern over levels of child pregnancy throughout the country. UNICEF’s 2013 State of the World’s Children reported that 28 percent of women 20 to 24 years of age gave birth before age 18" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes domestic violence and provides prison sentences ranging from one to 12 years...While the law provides for the issuance of restraining orders, problems in the effective enforcement of such mandates continued, and they were not perceived as effective" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Additional significant human rights abuses included...societal violence, particularly against women and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons…" (1).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs complained of a delay of justice caused by judicial inaction and widespread impunity, especially regarding family and domestic violence and sexual abuse" (8). "The government failed to enforce the law effectively, however, leading to widespread impunity and increased violence" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The country was a destination for child sex tourism. The law imposes a penalty of five to seven years in prison for convicted child-sex tourists. There were anecdotal reports of child-sex tourism in the Granada, Rivas, Chinandega, and Managua departments; there were no officially reported cases during the year" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs complained of a delay of justice caused by judicial inaction and widespread impunity, especially regarding family and domestic violence and sexual abuse" (8). The government failed to enforce the law effectively, however, leading to widespread impunity and increased violence" (20). "Several NGOs reported sexual exploitation of young girls was common, as was the prevalence of older men (including foreigners) who exploited young girls under the guise of providing them support" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes domestic violence and provides prison sentences ranging from one to 12 years" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender identity, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, language, or HIVpositive status or other communicable diseases; however, the government did not regularly enforce these legal prohibitions" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes spousal and all forms of rape, regardless of the relationship between the victim and the accused" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes spousal and all forms of rape, regardless of the relationship between the victim and the accused" (20). "The law defines statutory rape as sexual relations with children who are 13 or younger" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"On May 31, the Nicaraguan Telecommunications Office seized the broadcast equipment of Radio Voz de Mujer in the northern town of Jalapa, reportedly because the station was broadcasting on an unauthorized frequency. Voz de Mujer was run by an NGO that focuses on women’s issues and that many times criticized the government’s policies on such issues. The law does not provide for the seizure of equipment as a punitive measure against a radio station. Despite a request for an official review of the case, as of November the station had not resumed broadcasting" (11). It is unclear if the station was shut down specifically for speaking about gender issues. It...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits promoting, filming, or selling child pornography, and the government generally enforced this law. The penalty for an individual convicted of inducing, facilitating, promoting, or using a minor younger than 16 for sexual or erotic purposes, or forcing such a person to watch or participate in such an act, is five to seven years in prison. If the victim is older than 16 but under 18, the penalty is reduced to four to six years in prison" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for marriage is 18 years for girls and boys; with parental authorization, it is 16 through 18" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Indigenous women faced multiple levels of discrimination based on their ethnicity, gender, and lower economic status" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"NNP commissariats provided social and legal help to women, mediated spousal conflicts, investigated and helped prosecute criminal complaints, and referred victims to other governmental and nongovernmental assistance agencies. The NNP operated women’s commissariats in the country, but they often lacked sufficient equipment and funding to discharge their responsibilities adequately. Women’s groups asserted the modest number of shelters (two governmentoperated and 11 nongovernmental) did not adequately serve the population’s needs, especially on the Caribbean Coast, where only one shelter (nongovernmental) operated in the RACN" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The order further prevents public defenders from representing those charged in cases of drug trafficking, organized crime, human trafficking, and sexual abuse of minors" (8).