The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Niger

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Bahamas, Benin, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Congo, D R Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Iceland, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, North Korea, Peru, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

0.0
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Order No.2010-86 on Combating Trafficking in Persons, enacted in 2010, criminalized all forms of sex trafficking and labor trafficking. This law prescribed sufficiently stringent punishments of five to 10 years’ imprisonment for trafficking offenses involving adult victims and 10 to 30 years when the victim was a child. Penalties for sex trafficking of children were commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape, although the penalties for sex trafficking of adults were not. In February 2019, the High Court established a legal precedent finding the practice of wahaya, traditionally linked to hereditary slavery, to be illegal" (359).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"There were no reports officials penalized victims for unlawful acts traffickers compelled them to commit; however, some victims may have remained unidentified and subsequently penalized due to the government’s failure to employ systematic measures to identify trafficking victims among vulnerable populations. The law provided for the possibility of granting victims legal residency in Niger, including the ability to obtain employment, if it was unsafe for them to return to their countries of origin. Multilateral organizations reported Algeria deported thousands of migrants to Niger during the year—including more than 2,000 children who were vulnerable to trafficking due to their lack of economic security and access to justice" (360).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Niger, and traffickers exploit victims from Niger abroad. Hereditary and caste-based slavery practices perpetuated by politically influential tribal leaders continued, although no reliable estimate exists of the number of traditional slaves in the country in 2018. (...) Traffickers in Niger exploit West and Central African victims in sex and labor trafficking (...) In the Tahoua region of Niger, influential chiefs facilitate the transfer of girls from impoverished families to men as “'fifth wives' for financial or political gain. This practice—known as wahaya—results in girls as young as nine being exploited in forced labor and sexual...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Niger does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Niger was upgraded to Tier 2. These efforts included convicting more traffickers; training more law enforcement officers, justice sector personnel, local officials, and civil society members to recognize trafficking indicators and investigate trafficking cases; coordinating with traditional leaders to house children removed from forced labor; increasing its public awareness campaigns using multiple media platforms; partnering with an Islamic cleric to address the common issue of marabouts using children for forced labor in begging;...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government did not compile comprehensive victim identification and assistance statistics, although the ANLTP/TIM reported law enforcement officials identified more than 70 victims in 2018 (primarily women and girls from Benin and Nigeria), a decrease from identifying 108 victims during the previous reporting period" (359).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
Aug. 3, 2019, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"In terms of the inheritance of moveable property women, where eligible, receive half the share of an equivalently positioned male family member in Niger, as stipulated in Islamic law" (para 18). Sharia law implies that all legally married wives and their sons get a share (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 3, 2019, 5:51 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In terms of the inheritance of moveable property women, where eligible, receive half the share of an equivalently positioned male family member in Niger, as stipulated in Islamic law. This is in some ways quite progressive in the sense that custom among non-Muslims at the turn of the century would not have provided for the inclusion of women in the division of wealth of her father or husband. Yet even here, Maliki texts, if strictly observed would be far more favorable to women than other competing understandings of «custom» regarding property insofar as it touches on immoveable property-land. Often in Niger the application of Maliki inheritance law is tempered by...more
Aug. 3, 2019, 5:37 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"In Niger, inheritance is governed by customary (which varies between different ethnic groups) and/or Sharia law. Sharia law stipulates that women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled...Widows may not receive anything if there are no surviving children and are often the victims of 'property grabbing' on the part of her deceased husband’s male relatives. According to the Chronic Poverty Research Centre, in 2006, 23.75% of widows inherited majority of assets after their spouses passed away. In some regions, when a husband dies, his property and land...more
Aug. 3, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In Niger, inheritance is governed by customary (which varies between different ethnic groups) and/or Sharia law. Sharia law stipulates that women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled. Daughters, for example, inherit half as much as sons, unless a will has been left specifying otherwise...Generally, the application of Maliki inheritance law is often tempered by the view that women are less responsible and reliable than men and therefore less suited to inheriting family property. As a result, women rarely inherit land at the time of the division...more
Aug. 3, 2019, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In Niger, inheritance is governed by customary (which varies between different ethnic groups) and/or Sharia law. Sharia law stipulates that women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled...Widows may not receive anything if there are no surviving children and are often the victims of 'property grabbing' on the part of her deceased husband’s male relatives. According to the Chronic Poverty Research Centre, in 2006, 23.75% of widows inherited majority of assets after their spouses passed away. In some regions, when a husband dies, his property and land...more
July 23, 2019, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Niger
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Nigerien female migrants begging in Algeria, who often carry children—sometimes rented from their mothers in Niger—may be forced labor victims. Nigerien children, ranging from four- to eight-years-old, are brought to Algeria by trafficking networks with the consent of their parents and forced to beg for several months in Algeria before being returned to their families in Niger" (74).
July 20, 2019, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"The wife of a polygamous husband is only entitled to 1/8th of his property" (81)
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: GP-DATA-3, GP-DATA-5

"The Committee welcomes the establishment of the National Centre for the Advancement of Gender Equality, the placement of gender focal points in all ministries and the creation of a parliamentary network on gender. It is concerned, however, about the limited financial and human resources, as well as the scarce presence of similar mechanisms at the local level, and the difficulties faced in ensuring effective coordination between these entities and the Ministry for the Advancement of Women and Protection of Children to achieve gender mainstreaming throughout national and local government bodies" (6).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Adoption of a national gender policy (2008) and related national action plan covering the period 2009-2018" (2).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The inadequate funding of the health-care sector, resulting in limited access to basic health-care services, in particular among poor, rural and nomadic women" (11). "The Committee welcomes the ‘Nigeriens feeding Nigeriens’ initiative, which supports rural women. Nevertheless, it notes with concern the extremely high rates of poverty (82 per cent) and food insecurity affecting women in rural areas of the State party, which are linked to the lower socioeconomic status of women and the disproportionate impact of climate change, desertification and extractive industries (uranium) on women. It notes that the precarious situation of rural women is exacerbated by customary law provisions on community management, which exclude women from the traditional...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"The Committee welcomes the fact that, in the period since the consideration of the previous report, the State party has ratified or acceded to the following international and regional instruments: (a) International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, in 2015; (b) Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, in 2014; (c) Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, in 2014; (d) 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, in 2014; (e) African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa, in 2012; (f) Optional Protocol...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Constitution of 25 November 2010, enshrining, inter alia, equality before the law without distinction on grounds of sex (art. 8) and further pledging to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women, girls and persons with disabilities (art. 22)" (1). "The Committee welcomes the constitutional prohibition of discrimination based on sex (art. 8), the State party’s pledge to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women (art. 22) and the guarantee that ratified international treaties take precedence over national legislation (art. 171)" (4).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Despite the Act requiring a minimum of 25 per cent of either sex in high-ranking government posts, the Committee notes that only 19 per cent of ministers are women and that women are underrepresented in decision-making posts in the public service" (9).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

"The Committee takes note of the State party’s acceptance during its universal periodic review in 2014 of the recommendations to review its reservations to articles 2 (d) and (f), 5 (a), 15 (4) and 16 (c), (e) and (g) of the Convention and the establishment of a national committee to consider their withdrawal (see A/HRC/32/5). The Committee is concerned that no time frame has been set for the completion of this review" (3).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned in particular that the practice of wahaya, characterized as a form of slavery, including sexual slavery, and female genital mutilation persists in the State party. It notes with concern the low number of prosecutions under the Criminal Code provisions prohibiting slavery (arts. 270.1-270.3) to criminalize perpetrators of wahaya and the low conviction rates in cases of female genital mutilation" (7).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"It remains concerned, however, that gender-based violence against women and girls, including sexual and domestic violence, appears to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity and that victims have limited means of assistance, protection or redress. It is further concerned that marital rape is not specifically criminalized and that no definition of statutory rape exists in the State party’s legislation owing to the absence of a legal minimum age of sexual consent" (7).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the reduction in the maternal, infant and child mortality rates and the introduction of free care for children under 5 years of age and in relation to specific services for women in the State party. The Committee is concerned, however, about: The extremely high rates of maternal mortality, fertility (7.6 children per woman), early and frequent pregnancy and the resulting incidence of obstetric fistula, and acute malnutrition affecting women" (11).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"That Act No. 62-11 of 16 March 1962 and Act No. 2004-50 of 22 July 2004 give precedence to the application of customary law over civil law in most personal status matters, including marriage, divorce, direct descent, inheritance, settlement of assets and wills and in relation to property ownership, adversely affecting women and girls" (4).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Act No. 2012-45 of 25 September 2012, amending the Labour Code by, inter alia, extending the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination, increasing the penalties for discrimination and prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace" (2). "The Committee notes the constitutional guarantee of non-discrimination in employment (art. 33), as reinforced in the Labour Code (2012)" (10).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Very few women (3 per cent in 2012) are employed in the formal sector and covered by social protection and that women are concentrated in low-paid domestic work, where they are often exploited, exposed to precarious working conditions and subject to abuse by their employers" (10).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The extremely high rates of child marriage and/or forced marriage in the State party, affecting a quarter of married women and girls, which is compounded by the absence of any legal framework or strategic action to prohibit these harmful practices. The Committee notes the link between the high child marriage, fertility and maternal mortality rates and the disproportionately high illiteracy and poverty rates among women in the State party. It notes that most child marriages are conducted under customary law, which does not require the consent of the future spouses for marriage or a minimum age of marriage" (14).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"It is, however, concerned about: (a) The disproportionately low school enrolment rates of girls, in particular those from rural areas (including the Diffa, Zinder, Tillabéri and Tahoua regions), nomadic populations, poor families, girls who are victims of slavery or descendants of slaves and girls with disabilities; (b) Girls’ extremely low completion and high repetition rates, in particular at the secondary level of education, owing to, inter alia, child marriage, early pregnancy, indirect school costs, the requirement to pay school fees at the secondary level, child labour and the preference for sending boys to school, resulting in a very low literacy rate (11 per cent) among women in the State party"...more