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Latest items for Norway

April 10, 2018, 11:10 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

According to the Institute of Inclusive Security, Norway launched their national action plan in 2015 and it expires in 2018 (MB-Coder Comment).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"However, there is extensive focus in society on the issue of violence against women, and a national prevention strategy has been prepared" (11). "Recently published research shows that 49 per cent of Sami women surveyed had been exposed to violence. By way of comparison, 29.6 per cent of ethnic Norwegian participants in the study had been subjected to violence" (19).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Since 2012, exploitation of women or girls in households has increased, particularly within the au pair system. Among au pairs believed to have been exploited, exploitation was in the form of forced labour. Reports concerning au pairs subjected to forced labour have increased. The system is controversial, partly due to claims that Norwegian families abuse the system to acquire underpaid domestic help, particularly from the Philippines. As a result, the Au Pair Centre — On Equal Terms was opened in January 2013. The centre is a place where both au pairs and host families can find information and advice, and the primary aim is to strengthen legal protection of au ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: MABFC-DATA-1

"The average age of women giving birth for the first time is rising. At base, this is an unfortunate development because mother and child alike are more prone to complications with increased maternal age. High age before a first pregnancy increases the need for assisted reproductive technology. Since 2007, more than 3 per cent of children in Norway have been born after assisted reproduction" (32).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"Gender equality and women’s rights are an important priority in Norwegian development policy. The gender perspective is to be integrated into all initiatives, including efforts to support developing countries in their pursuit of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is manifested at both project and programme level by the status granted to equality as a cross-cutting theme. Norway also has a goal of providing rights-based development assistance. This priority is further emphasised in Opportunities for All: Human Rights in Norway’s Foreign Policy and Development Cooperation (Meld. St. 10 (2014-2015)), a Ministry of Foreign Affairs white paper in which all the chapters reflect women’s rights and one chapter is devoted entirely to ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"In Norway, women have the same right as men to vote in public elections and referendums, and are equally eligible to run for all publicly elected bodies" (36).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Among private limited companies, which make up the majority of Norwegian companies, 18 per cent of board members are women" (7). "We refer to Norway’s Eighth Periodic Report, paragraphs 110 and 111. In 2014, 81 per cent of women aged 25-54 were in employment, according to figures from Statistics Norway’s Labour Force Survey" (41).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Government is currently establishing a new web portal on domestic violence and rape for persons exposed to such violence and for the health and social services. The web portal, which will be run by NKVTS, the Norwegian Women’s Public Health Association and other voluntary organizations, is to provide easy access to information about rights and assistance. On 15 October 2015, the police launched a new campaign to prevent domestic violence. The information campaign Hvor lite skal du finne deg i? (How Little Should You Tolerate?) aims to increase knowledge of domestic violence and the assistance police can provide, so that persons subjected to such violence can seek help to ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"According to the Supervisory Committee for Judges’ annual report for 2014, 40 per cent of judges in ordinary Norwegian courts were women at year’s end, while 60 per cent were men, broken down as follows: Supreme Court: 35 per cent women and 65 per cent men; Courts of Appeal: 36 per cent women and 64 per cent men; District Courts: 42 per cent women and 58 per cent men" (6).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

"The life expectancy of men was 71 years in 1970 and 79.7 years in 2013. Women’s life expectancy rose from just over 77 years to 83.6 years in the same period" (42).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

The table on page 13 shows that the number of human trafficking victims is on the rise, and in 2014 there were 157 victims (13). "In 2014, a total of 324 persons (252 women, 15 of whom were under the age of 18, and 72 men) were being followed up as victims of human trafficking, i.e. most of them had been identified before 2014. Of the women, 212 were exploited for prostitution, while 14 were exploited within the au pair system" (13).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Gender-related persecution, including that of lesbians and transgender people, is a relevant factor in asylum case decisions in Norwegian practice, as expressly provided for in section 29, second paragraph (f) of the Immigration Act, which states that persecution may take the form of 'acts of a gender-specific or child-specific nature'...Rape, forced sterilisation or abortion, genital mutilation, bride burning, and honour killing may constitute persecution, according to the guidelines" (24).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

"In recent decades abortions have declined. The abortion rate among certain groups of women with immigrant backgrounds is far higher than in the general female population" (33).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Police efforts to combat domestic violence have been strengthened substantially in recent years, and the police now have a number of new means of safeguarding and protecting vulnerable persons. An important measure is the establishment of family violence coordinators in every police district in Norway, whose task is to maintain an overview of the police district’s overall efforts in the field of family violence. In addition, sexual abuse coordinators have been established in the police districts. In some districts these two functions are carried out by the same person. Several districts also have dedicated teams that operate on a cross-district basis in domestic violence investigations and cases of sexual abuse. ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Reference is made to the 2014 progress report, on paragraph 24. A white paper on domestic violence was followed up by an action plan against domestic violence, Et liv uten vold (A Life without Violence), for the 2014-2017 period. The plan comprises 45 measures involving prevention, knowledge and expertise, assistance and treatment, criminal prosecution and cooperation and coordination. The Government is following up the action plan by defining and developing specific measures" (10).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs has prepared a final summary of the Gender Equality 2014 action plan which describes the ministries’ implementation of the plan’s measures and assesses the impact achieved" (5). "Norway’s third National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security, presented in 2015 by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Justice and Public Security, the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion, is attached herewith (see appendix 3). The focus on results has been intensified, and frameworks and reporting structures are being developed to improve the measurement of performance at country level. The designation of five priority ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Five years after the Act prohibiting the purchase of sexual services came into force, the Government requested an independent evaluation of the effects of the Act. As stated in the report published in August 2014, buying sex was criminalized in 2009. The main rationale for implementing the Act was to prevent and reduce human trafficking in Norway. The aim of the act is to: 1) change attitudes in the population, 2) reduce the size of the Norwegian sex market by constraining supply and demand, and 3) prevent entry into prostitution and thus reduce the possible sexual exploitation of men and women in prostitution. The Act also seeks to protect people ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: CBMC-DATA-1

"Few teenagers today have children. Most teens who do become pregnant choose to have an abortion. In 2013, 19 women aged 15 or younger and 162 women aged 16-17 gave birth to a child. These accounted for 0.3 per cent of all births" (33).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Government is currently establishing a new web portal on domestic violence and rape for persons exposed to such violence and for the health and social services. The web portal, which will be run by NKVTS, the Norwegian Women’s Public Health Association and other voluntary organizations, is to provide easy access to information about rights and assistance" (9).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Among private limited companies, which make up the majority of Norwegian companies, 18 per cent of board members are women" (7). "Today, a minimum of 40 per cent of board seats in public limited companies (ASAs) must be held by each gender. The Norwegian Public Limited Liability Companies Act has been important for ensuring women’s participation in key parts of Norwegian business and industry, and have directly affected the percentage of women on the boards of the companies covered by the provisions. In 1993, female representation on the boards of public limited companies was three per cent. The share today is more than 40 per cent. In companies partly owned ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LO-DATA-3

"Women currently own 25 per cent of about 186,000 agricultural properties in the country. These are properties with at least 5 decares of agricultural area, and/or at least 25 decares of productive forest. Close to 68 per cent of properties are owned by men, while just under 7 per cent have impersonal owners (legal persons). Women often own and operate the smaller agricultural properties. For 37 per cent of properties transferred to new owners in 2014, the buyer was a woman. For properties sold on the free market, only about one in five of the new owners was a woman. The statistics for active farm holdings in 2013 show 41,300 ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

"In 2014, a total of 324 persons (252 women, 15 of whom were under the age of 18, and 72 men) were being followed up as victims of human trafficking, i.e. most of them had been identified before 2014. Of the women, 212 were exploited for prostitution" (13).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"To follow up on measures in the Gender Equality 2014 action plan, the Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion and the Ministry of Education and Research jointly financed the production of four short films on gender equality and gender roles for use in social studies in lower secondary school. The goal was to increase understanding of gender equality and gender roles" (8). "However, there is extensive focus in society on the issue of violence against women, and a national prevention strategy has been prepared" (11). "The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs has prepared a guide for employers to facilitate conversations with employees who are pregnant or ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2012, exploitation of women or girls in households has increased, particularly within the au pair system. Among au pairs believed to have been exploited, exploitation was in the form of forced labour. Reports concerning au pairs subjected to forced labour have increased. The system is controversial, partly due to claims that Norwegian families abuse the system to acquire underpaid domestic help, particularly from the Philippines" (12-13).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Parental benefit is granted on the basis of labour force participation in the months preceding the commencement of parental leave. Both women and men can earn parental benefit rights. In cases where only the father is entitled to parental benefit, he may only receive it if the mother is employed or engaged in studies or similar activities. Women who are not entitled to parental benefit receive a lump-sum grant after giving birth. The lump-sum grant has increased by a total of 25 per cent in the past two years" (17). "When both mother and father have earned the right to parental benefits, part of the benefit period is reserved for ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"Several NGOs run activities that help increase local community participation by women with immigrant backgrounds" (7). "The NGO Legal Advice for Women (JURK) offers customised assistance towards self-help for women with unmet legal needs, by providing legal information, influence and legal assistance in specific cases. The organization’s goal is to help all women become aware of their legal status, and to ensure equality in practice" (44).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"All cases of involuntary sexual activity must be covered by criminal legislation. This legislation and its enforcement must afford genuine, effective protection against involuntary sexual activity. The wording of the current penal provision relating to rape specifies the different instances of non-consensual sexual activity. The provision applies both to any person who engages in sexual activity by means of violence or threats and to any person who engages in sexual activity with someone who is unconscious or incapable for any other reason of resisting the act. Under the provision, use of force is not a requirement for sexual activity to be seen as involuntary" (11).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry is also distributing up to NOK 10 million from 2015 to projects/programmes that can help counter trafficking in Norway. Projects that may qualify include: 1) Targeted information measures/campaigns to increase awareness of human trafficking in Norway, so that more victims can be identified 2) Creation/expansion of telephone services for victims 3) Residential or follow-up programmes for trafficking victims 4) Other projects designed to prevent trafficking or assist victims" (35).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Official Norwegian Report (NOU 2012: 15) Policy for Equality highlights traditionally gender-skewed educational choices as a key challenge to equality goals. Traditional gender patterns in education contribute to perpetuating a gender-divided labour market and differences in wage level, working hours and workload. The labour market in Norway is sharply divided by gender, with women and men pursuing different professions and participating in different industries and sectors. A gender-divided labour market serves as a partial curb on individual choice. Fixed patterns in the labour market lead to inflexibility, resulting in poor utilisation of human capital. Gender division in the labour market also leads to disparity in career opportunities for women ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Persons subjected to domestic violence or threats of such violence are entitled to assistance and protection and to effective action by the police and the judicial system. Domestic violence is punishable in the same way as violence that occurs in other contexts and arenas. How the police, prosecutors and courts deal with domestic violence cases largely determines the extent to which they are trusted by persons subjected to violence and by the population at large. Swift follow-up by the police and judicial system has a significant preventive effect" (10). "The police have a range of measures to protect persons subjected to domestic violence, including a mobile violence alarm, bans on ...more