The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Oman

July 20, 2019, 7:21 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Sharia law provides for detailed and complex calculations of inheritance shares. Women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled. Female heirs, for example, inherit half as much as male heirs, unless a will has been left specifying otherwise. Women may also be reluctant to bring inheritance cases to court, for fear of causing conflict within the family" (para 5).
July 20, 2019, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Islamic law provides for detailed and complex calculations of inheritance shares. Women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled" (162)
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Ministry of Social Development is the umbrella Ministry for Women’s Affairs. The ministry provided support for women’s economic development through the Oman Women’s Associations and local community development centers. The government has a committee to monitor the country’s compliance with the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The country does not have a law against sexual harassment. Sexual harassment has been effectively prosecuted using statutes prohibiting offensive language and behavior. Nonetheless, a 2010 Freedom House report on women’s rights in the Middle East indicated that female employees were discouraged from reporting sexual harassment for fear of losing their jobs and because social pressure places responsibility on them for 'proper moral behavior'" (Pg 14).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape with penalties of up to 15 years in prison but does not criminalize spousal rape. The government generally enforced the law when individuals reported cases, but there were indications that many victims did not report rape because of cultural and societal factors. During the year police charged 159 individuals with rape or attempted rape. Foreign nationals working as domestic employees occasionally reported that their sponsors or employees of labor recruitment agencies had sexually abused them. According to diplomatic observers, police investigations resulted in few rape convictions" (Pg 13-14).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The local business community reported that the Ministry of Manpower increasingly rejected work permits for foreign women regardless of profession or country of origin, while it granted work permits to foreign men applying for comparable positions. Ministry officials said the purpose of the ban on female foreign visas was to 'regularize' the labor market, without further explanation" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Women married to noncitizens may not transmit citizenship to their children and cannot sponsor their noncitizen husband’s presence in the country" (Pg 15). "The law provides for transmission of citizenship at birth if the father is a citizen; if the mother is a citizen and the father is unknown; or if a child of unknown parents is found in the country. Women cannot transmit citizenship to their spouses or children. Observers reported a few isolated cases of children without documentation as the result of a marriage between an Omani woman and a non-Omani man. These children are not eligible for citizenship and are vulnerable to being stateless" (Pg 15). "Citizenship...more
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Although some educated women held positions of authority in government, business, and the media, many women faced job discrimination based on cultural norms. The law entitles women to paid maternity leave and equal pay for equal work. The government, the largest employer of women, observed such regulations, as did many private-sector employers. Economic studies conducted by the World Economic Forum from 2015, however, showed that women earned 68 percent less than men and that their unemployment rate was at least twice as high. According to the forum, only 31 percent of women participated in the work force" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The legal provision that allows men to divorce their wives with the signature of two witnesses is not accorded to women" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The age of legal marriage for men and women is 18 years, although a judge may permit a person to marry younger when the judge or family deemed the marriage was in the minor’s interest. Child marriage occurred in rural communities as a traditional practice" (Pg 17).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law favors male heirs in adjudicating inheritance" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The government recognized the right of married couples to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; to manage their reproductive health; and to have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence. Health clinics freely disseminated information on family planning under the guidance of the Ministry of Health. Some forms of birth control, including condoms, were available at pharmacies and supermarkets, although doctor-prescribed birth control medication was generally not available for unmarried women. The government provided free childbirth services to citizens within the framework of universal health care. Prenatal and postnatal care was readily available and used. Men and women received...more
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Under the law, women--regardless of marital status--have equal property ownership rights as men. The law equalizes the treatment of men and women in receiving free government land for housing" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Government policy provided women with equal opportunities for education, and this policy effectively eliminated the previous gender gap in education attainment. Women outnumbered men in Omani Universities. In the country, 29 percent of women have some college education, compared with 21 percent of men have some" (Pg 16). "school education for citizen children was free and universal up to age 16. The law mandates children attend school through age 10" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"During the Majlis al-Shura elections in October, voters elected one woman as a representative. Twenty women ran among an estimated 590 candidates for 85 representative spots. The sultan appointed 13 women to the 84-member State Council and three women, the ministers of craft industry, education and of higher education, to the 29-member Council of Ministers. Government policy does not recognize minority groups, who participate in political life and have roles in government. There were no self-identified minority communities" (Pg 12).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Women married to noncitizens may not transmit citizenship to their children and cannot sponsor their noncitizen husband’s presence in the country" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Government policy provided women with equal opportunities for education, and this policy effectively eliminated the previous gender gap in education attainment. Women outnumbered men in Omani Universities. In the country, 29 percent of women have some college education, compared with 21 percent of men have some" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically address domestic violence, and judicial protection orders from domestic violence do not exist. Charges could be brought, however, under existing statutes outlawing assault, battery, and aggravated assault, which can carry a maximum sentence of three years in prison. Allegations of spousal abuse in civil courts handling family law cases reportedly were common. Victims of domestic violence may file a complaint with police, and reports suggested that police responded promptly and professionally" (Pg 14).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Men can marry up to four wives and do not require consent from existing wives to marry additional wives" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in hospitals and clinics but does not explicitly ban the practice in country. There were no reliable statistics on the prevalence of FGM/C, but some reports suggest it is practiced in the country to varying degrees. According to press reports, a 2010 Ministry of Health study on FGM/C found that men and women across all ages broadly accepted the practice, especially in rural areas. In the southern Dhofar region, FGM/C reportedly was performed on newborns and involved a partial or total clitoridectomy (Type I as defined by the World Health Organization). Throughout the rest of the country, FGM/C usually consisted of a minor...more
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The country does not have a law against sexual harassment. Sexual harassment has been effectively prosecuted using statutes prohibiting offensive language and behavior. Nonetheless, a 2010 Freedom House report on women’s rights in the Middle East indicated that female employees were discouraged from reporting sexual harassment for fear of losing their jobs and because social pressure places responsibility on them for 'proper moral behavior'" (Pg 14). "Although some educated women held positions of authority in government, business, and the media, many women faced job discrimination based on cultural norms. The law entitles women to paid maternity leave and equal pay for equal work. The government, the largest employer of women,...more
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

"In some personal status cases, such as divorce, a woman’s testimony is equal to half that of a man" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The age of legal marriage for men and women is 18 years, although a judge may permit a person to marry younger when the judge or family deemed the marriage was in the minor’s interest. Child marriage occurred in rural communities as a traditional practice" (Pg 17)
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination against citizens based on gender, ethnic origin, race, language, religion, place of residence, and social class. The government selectively enforced prohibitions on some bases of discrimination" (Pg 13). "The law prohibits gender-based discrimination against citizens. Aspects of Islamic law and cultural traditions, as interpreted in the country, discriminated against women, as did some social and legal institutions" (Pg 15).
May 16, 2019, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In the Oman, there is legislation designating head of household status (121).
May 16, 2019, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is not paid maternity leave available to women in Oman of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 0% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (121).
May 16, 2019, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

A woman in Oman can legally travel outside the country, but not her home in the same way as a man (121).
May 16, 2019, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: DV-LAW-1

There is not legislation specifically addressing domestic violence in Oman (121).
May 16, 2019, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CL-LAW-1

The government of Oman does not provide for valuation of nonmonetary contributions, such as staying at home to take care of the elderly and disabled (121).
May 16, 2019, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

Omani law does not mandate equal remuneration for work of equal value. The ages at which men and women can retire with full pension benefits are not equal, but the ages to retire with partial pension benefits for men and women are equal. The mandatory retirement ages for men and women are the same (121).