The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Oman

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Belize, Benin, Botswana, Brunei, Central African Rep, Comoros, D R Congo, Gambia, Haiti, Iran, Japan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Maldives, Mali, Nigeria, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Vanuatu, Yemen
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

3.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Comoros, East Timor, Egypt, Fiji, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Moldova, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

2.0
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Oman’s 2008 anti-trafficking law criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed punishments of three to seven years’ imprisonment and a fine between 5,000 and 100,000 Omani rial ($12,990-$259,740) for offenses involving adult victims and seven to 15 years’ imprisonment and a minimum fine of 10,000 Omani rial ($25,970) for offenses involving child victims. These punishments were sufficiently stringent and, with regards to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Ministry of Manpower (MoM) circular No.2/2006 prohibited employers from withholding migrant workers’ passports but did not specify penalties for noncompliance" (370).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"The government provided complimentary repatriation services to all 10 victims with initiated court proceedings who did not want to remain in-country. Victims were permitted and encouraged to stay in Oman for the duration of court proceedings against traffickers; however, they were not permitted to work or leave the shelter in the interim, and given protracted court cases coupled with prolonged unemployment they were thereby disincentivized from participating in trials. In December 2018, the national antitrafficking committee signed an MOU with a local association to provide pro bono assistance to trafficking victims involved in court proceedings, to include seeking damages on behalf of trafficking victims and pursuing labor claims via MoM...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Oman. Oman’s migrant workercommunity hails primarily from Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the Philippines, and most recently Uganda (…) Trafficking victims typically migrate to Oman willingly and legally, with men seeking employment in construction, agricultural, and service sectors, while women often seek domestic worker jobs (...) Traffickers exploit female victims, predominantly from South, Southeast, and East Asia and East Africa, in forced labor and sex trafficking. Women, primarily from Southeast and East Asia, who come to Oman seeking domestic work are sometimes exploited in sex trafficking" (372).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Oman does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Oman remained on Tier 2. These efforts included investigating, prosecuting, and convicting more sex traffickers, and sentencing the offenders to significant jail time. Additionally, the government increased funding toward operation of its victim shelter and protective services and, for the first time, provided alternate sponsorship for a domestic worker who reported work conditions indicative of trafficking. The government also entered an agreement to facilitate pro bono legal representation in both criminal and labor...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government reported identifying and referring to its shelter 10 sex trafficking victims, a decrease from 24 trafficking victims—including 19 for forced labor—in the previous reporting period" (371).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
July 20, 2019, 7:21 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Sharia law provides for detailed and complex calculations of inheritance shares. Women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled. Female heirs, for example, inherit half as much as male heirs, unless a will has been left specifying otherwise. Women may also be reluctant to bring inheritance cases to court, for fear of causing conflict within the family" (para 5).
July 20, 2019, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Islamic law provides for detailed and complex calculations of inheritance shares. Women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled" (162)
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Ministry of Social Development is the umbrella Ministry for Women’s Affairs. The ministry provided support for women’s economic development through the Oman Women’s Associations and local community development centers. The government has a committee to monitor the country’s compliance with the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The country does not have a law against sexual harassment. Sexual harassment has been effectively prosecuted using statutes prohibiting offensive language and behavior. Nonetheless, a 2010 Freedom House report on women’s rights in the Middle East indicated that female employees were discouraged from reporting sexual harassment for fear of losing their jobs and because social pressure places responsibility on them for 'proper moral behavior'" (Pg 14).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape with penalties of up to 15 years in prison but does not criminalize spousal rape. The government generally enforced the law when individuals reported cases, but there were indications that many victims did not report rape because of cultural and societal factors. During the year police charged 159 individuals with rape or attempted rape. Foreign nationals working as domestic employees occasionally reported that their sponsors or employees of labor recruitment agencies had sexually abused them. According to diplomatic observers, police investigations resulted in few rape convictions" (Pg 13-14).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The local business community reported that the Ministry of Manpower increasingly rejected work permits for foreign women regardless of profession or country of origin, while it granted work permits to foreign men applying for comparable positions. Ministry officials said the purpose of the ban on female foreign visas was to 'regularize' the labor market, without further explanation" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Women married to noncitizens may not transmit citizenship to their children and cannot sponsor their noncitizen husband’s presence in the country" (Pg 15). "The law provides for transmission of citizenship at birth if the father is a citizen; if the mother is a citizen and the father is unknown; or if a child of unknown parents is found in the country. Women cannot transmit citizenship to their spouses or children. Observers reported a few isolated cases of children without documentation as the result of a marriage between an Omani woman and a non-Omani man. These children are not eligible for citizenship and are vulnerable to being stateless" (Pg 15). "Citizenship...more
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Although some educated women held positions of authority in government, business, and the media, many women faced job discrimination based on cultural norms. The law entitles women to paid maternity leave and equal pay for equal work. The government, the largest employer of women, observed such regulations, as did many private-sector employers. Economic studies conducted by the World Economic Forum from 2015, however, showed that women earned 68 percent less than men and that their unemployment rate was at least twice as high. According to the forum, only 31 percent of women participated in the work force" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The legal provision that allows men to divorce their wives with the signature of two witnesses is not accorded to women" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The age of legal marriage for men and women is 18 years, although a judge may permit a person to marry younger when the judge or family deemed the marriage was in the minor’s interest. Child marriage occurred in rural communities as a traditional practice" (Pg 17).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law favors male heirs in adjudicating inheritance" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The government recognized the right of married couples to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; to manage their reproductive health; and to have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence. Health clinics freely disseminated information on family planning under the guidance of the Ministry of Health. Some forms of birth control, including condoms, were available at pharmacies and supermarkets, although doctor-prescribed birth control medication was generally not available for unmarried women. The government provided free childbirth services to citizens within the framework of universal health care. Prenatal and postnatal care was readily available and used. Men and women received...more
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Under the law, women--regardless of marital status--have equal property ownership rights as men. The law equalizes the treatment of men and women in receiving free government land for housing" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Government policy provided women with equal opportunities for education, and this policy effectively eliminated the previous gender gap in education attainment. Women outnumbered men in Omani Universities. In the country, 29 percent of women have some college education, compared with 21 percent of men have some" (Pg 16). "school education for citizen children was free and universal up to age 16. The law mandates children attend school through age 10" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"During the Majlis al-Shura elections in October, voters elected one woman as a representative. Twenty women ran among an estimated 590 candidates for 85 representative spots. The sultan appointed 13 women to the 84-member State Council and three women, the ministers of craft industry, education and of higher education, to the 29-member Council of Ministers. Government policy does not recognize minority groups, who participate in political life and have roles in government. There were no self-identified minority communities" (Pg 12).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Women married to noncitizens may not transmit citizenship to their children and cannot sponsor their noncitizen husband’s presence in the country" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Government policy provided women with equal opportunities for education, and this policy effectively eliminated the previous gender gap in education attainment. Women outnumbered men in Omani Universities. In the country, 29 percent of women have some college education, compared with 21 percent of men have some" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically address domestic violence, and judicial protection orders from domestic violence do not exist. Charges could be brought, however, under existing statutes outlawing assault, battery, and aggravated assault, which can carry a maximum sentence of three years in prison. Allegations of spousal abuse in civil courts handling family law cases reportedly were common. Victims of domestic violence may file a complaint with police, and reports suggested that police responded promptly and professionally" (Pg 14).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Men can marry up to four wives and do not require consent from existing wives to marry additional wives" (Pg 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in hospitals and clinics but does not explicitly ban the practice in country. There were no reliable statistics on the prevalence of FGM/C, but some reports suggest it is practiced in the country to varying degrees. According to press reports, a 2010 Ministry of Health study on FGM/C found that men and women across all ages broadly accepted the practice, especially in rural areas. In the southern Dhofar region, FGM/C reportedly was performed on newborns and involved a partial or total clitoridectomy (Type I as defined by the World Health Organization). Throughout the rest of the country, FGM/C usually consisted of a minor...more
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The country does not have a law against sexual harassment. Sexual harassment has been effectively prosecuted using statutes prohibiting offensive language and behavior. Nonetheless, a 2010 Freedom House report on women’s rights in the Middle East indicated that female employees were discouraged from reporting sexual harassment for fear of losing their jobs and because social pressure places responsibility on them for 'proper moral behavior'" (Pg 14). "Although some educated women held positions of authority in government, business, and the media, many women faced job discrimination based on cultural norms. The law entitles women to paid maternity leave and equal pay for equal work. The government, the largest employer of women,...more
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

"In some personal status cases, such as divorce, a woman’s testimony is equal to half that of a man" (Pg 15).