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Latest items for Pakistan

Feb. 15, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

The gender parity index for gross secondary school enrollment (i.e. the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at the secondary level) is 0.85315 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 2, 2020, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2

"Shahzad’s killing was the 12th in a fortnight linked to 'honour' recorded by the Pakistan authorities" (para 7). "Statistics from the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan suggest there were 1,276 such murders over a two-year period beginning in February 2014, 400 of which were officially registered as crimes by the police" (para 9). The killings referred to in this quote are honor killings (CEM - CODER COMMENT). "Human rights campaigners say more than 1,500 killings occurred between 2016 and 2018, a figure anecdotally confirmed by Asad Butt, vice chair of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan" (para 10). The killings referred to in this quote are honor killings (CEM -...more
Jan. 2, 2020, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"The killer was unrepentant. 'I killed my sister because she brought [a] bad name for the family,' he told neighbours in the Kachi district of Balochistan, Pakistan. 'I killed her and her lover for family honour. I want it to be a lesson for all girls in the town.' Locals believe other members of the man’s family may have been involved but, a fortnight after the bodies were found , no arrests have been made, although police are aware of the allegations" (para 1-4). "On Tuesday, the Dawn newspaper reported that a woman from Lahore had been shot dead, allegedly by her son, brother and brother-in-law, after leaving her husband...more
Jan. 2, 2020, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Pakistan’s parliament unanimously passed legislation against killings linked to the concept of 'honour', or 'izzat', following the murder of Qandeel Baloch in 2016… The bill authorised life imprisonment for convicted murderers. Previously, killers could win – or buy – freedom if the victim’s relatives forgave them." (para 11-12).
Dec. 31, 2019, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Pakistan is to set up more than 1,000 courts dedicated to tackling violence against women, the country's top judge announced on Wednesday, seeking to tackle a problem activists say the criminal justice system has long neglected. Asif Saeed Khosa said the special courts would allow victims to speak out without fear of retaliation in the conservative Muslim country, where domestic violence is often seen as taboo" (para. 1-2).
Dec. 31, 2019, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, an independent watchdog, reported at least 845 incidents of sexual violence against women in its 2018 report. There were no comparative figures and the Commission had previously said violence against women went largely unreported, particularly in rural areas, where poverty and stigma prevented victims from speaking out." (para. 6-7).
Dec. 31, 2019, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"Pakistan is to set up more than 1,000 courts dedicated to tackling violence against women, the country's top judge announced on Wednesday, seeking to tackle a problem activists say the criminal justice system has long neglected. Asif Saeed Khosa said the special courts would allow victims to speak out without fear of retaliation in the conservative Muslim country, where domestic violence is often seen as taboo" (para. 1-2). "'We are going to have 1,016 gender-based violence courts across Pakistan, at least one such court apiece in every district,' Khosa said in an address to fellow judges broadcast on national television. 'The atmosphere of these courts will be different from other...more
Dec. 31, 2019, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"The country was ranked sixth most dangerous for women in a Thomson Reuters Foundation a survey of global experts last year" (para. 8). "Local High Court Chief Justice Mansoor Ali Shah said at the time that women were the most vulnerable members of society as one in every three had been a victim of physical or psychological violence" (para. 10).
Dec. 31, 2019, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Pakistan is to set up more than 1,000 courts dedicated to tackling violence against women, the country's top judge announced on Wednesday, seeking to tackle a problem activists say the criminal justice system has long neglected. Asif Saeed Khosa said the special courts would allow victims to speak out without fear of retaliation in the conservative Muslim country, where domestic violence is often seen as taboo" (para. 1-2). "'We are going to have 1,016 gender-based violence courts across Pakistan, at least one such court apiece in every district,' Khosa said in an address to fellow judges broadcast on national television. 'The atmosphere of these courts will be different from other...more
Dec. 18, 2019, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chad, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kosovo, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Macedonia, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Qatar, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: TRAFF-SCALE-1

2.0
Dec. 8, 2019, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Most Islamic countries, including Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan and Bangladesh, have banned triple talaq, but the custom continued in India, which does not have a uniform set of laws on marriage and divorce that apply to every citizen" (para. 15).
Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Comoros, East Timor, Egypt, Fiji, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Moldova, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

2.0
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"During the reporting period, the government repealed the Prevention and Control of Human Trafficking Ordinance (PACHTO) and replaced it with the 2018 (PTPA). The 2018 PTPA criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of up to seven years’ imprisonment, a fine of up to 1 million Pakistani rupees (PKR) ($7,220), or both for trafficking offenses involving an adult male victim, and penalties of between two and 10 years’ imprisonment, a fine of up to 1 million PKR ($7,220), or both for those involving adult female or child victims. These penalties were sufficiently stringent. However, with regard to sex trafficking, by allowing for a fine in lieu of imprisonment,...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Pakistan, and traffickers exploit victims from Pakistan abroad. The country’s largest human trafficking problem is bonded labor, in which an initial debt assumed by a worker as part of the terms of employment is exploited, ultimately entrapping other family members, sometimes for generations (...) Observers report some police accept bribes to ignore prostitution in general, some of which may include sex trafficking (...) In previous years, trafficking experts have described a structured system for exploiting women, girls, and LGBTI individuals in sex trafficking, including offering victims for sale in physical markets. Women and girls are...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Pakistan does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Pakistan remained on Tier 2. These efforts included passing the country’s first comprehensive human trafficking law that criminalized all forms of sex trafficking and labor trafficking; securing its first conviction in 10 years of an official complicit in human trafficking; and identifying and referring an increased number of trafficking victims to care. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. Overall law enforcement efforts against labor trafficking...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"FIA did not identify any trafficking victims, a decrease from 17 victims identified in the previous reporting period. Provincial police identified 19,723 victims, an increase from 14,588 victims identified in 2017" (374).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
July 20, 2019, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Where there are no males, some tribes like the Hazaras, provide for women’s inheritance though the actual control of the property remains in the hands of the uncles. Often, as soon as a woman’s name has been entered in the transfer papers, a gift is made in favour of the brothers. Therefore, even if women’s names are registered in the property transfer papers, upon succession, the male relatives inherit the land in their stead" (para 1). "In Punjab, women generally may inherit property but they cannot decide anything regarding its usage. Immovable property is very rarely transferred to women except in few more affluent families. In some cases, dowry is...more
July 20, 2019, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"[Widows] lose their right to inheritance if they remarry outside the family of the deceased husband" (para 1)
July 20, 2019, 7:07 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In general, women do not inherit land if there is a male offspring" (para 1). "In the North West Frontier Province, women do not inherit land in the presence of a male offspring, nor is there a tradition of daughters inheriting immovable property from the father except in some areas, such as Dera Ismail Khan, Mardan and Swabi, where in rare cases, daughters are given a share in moveable and immovable property" (para 2). "In case of only female offspring, dowry is given to compensate for landed property which is not given to women except in Thar, the remote desert region of Sindh, where some women inherit property" (para 5)more
July 20, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Women have the legal right to acquire land via Islamic and state law; however, their inheritance rights are governed by Islamic Sharia law. Women may inherit from their fathers, mothers, husbands or children, and under certain conditions, from other family members, but their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled. The social status attached to property and land often makes it difficult for widows and daughters to inherit even their entitled shares, as they may face opposition from the deceased man’s relatives. The 2011 Anti-Women Practices Law makes it a punishable offence to deprive women of their inheritance right" (1-2)
July 19, 2019, 9:41 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Inheritance practices are to a great extent governed by Sharia law" (188)
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-LAW-1, MURDER-DATA-1

"The 2010 Acid Control and Acid Crime Practice Bill makes maiming or killing via corrosive substance a crime and imposes stiff penalties against perpetrators. As with other laws, these measures are not applicable to FATA and PATA unless the president issues a notification to that effect. Nevertheless, there were numerous acid attacks on women across the country, with few perpetrators bought to justice. According to a panel organized by the HRCP in October, more than 98 percent of registered acid-attack cases remained unresolved. The HRCP alleged that authorities registered 150 to 400 cases of acid attacks each year. In May, two women suffered burn injuries when a man, in a...more
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The 2011 Prevention of Anti-Women Practices Act makes it illegal to deny women inheritance of property by deceitful means. The law entitles female children to one-half the inheritance of male children. Wives inherit one-eighth of their husband’s estate. Women often received far less than their legal entitlement" (Pg 47).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"In 2010 the FSC declared several clauses of the Women’s Protection Act un-Islamic and unconstitutional. The verdict sought to reinstate certain provisions of the 1979 Hudood Ordinance and expand the FSC’s jurisdiction in cases of adultery and false accusations of adultery. Reinstatement of these provisions could permit reintroduction of adultery charges against female rape victims. In 2011 the federal government appealed the FSC’s decision to the Supreme Court, which had not set a hearing date by year’s end. In 2013 the nongovernmental Council of Islamic Ideology, which advises Parliament and the prime minister, rejected the Women’s Protection Act, saying it was contrary to the spirit of the Koran and sharia"...more
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"At times women were victims of various types of societal violence and abuse, including honor killings, forced marriages, imposed isolation, and being used to settle tribal disputes. There were cases in which husbands and male family members treated women as chattel" (Pg 43). "Although prohibited by law, the practice of buying and selling brides also continued in rural areas. Many tribes, communities, or families practiced sequestering women from all contact with men other than their relatives. Despite prohibitions on handing over women as compensation for crimes or as a resolution of a dispute (also known as 'vani; or 'swara'), the practice continued in Punjab and KP. In rural Sindh landowning...more
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Spousal rape is not a crime" (Pg 41).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"To address societal norms that disapprove of victims who report gender-based violence and abuse, the government established women’s police stations, staffed by female officers, to offer women a safe haven where they could safely report complaints and file charges. Men were also able to use these police stations. These women’s police stations, however, struggled with understaffing and limited equipment. Training female police and changing the cultural assumptions of male police also remained challenges. Due to restrictions on women’s mobility and social pressures related to women’s appearance in public, utilization of women’s police centers was limited, but NGOs and officials reported that use was growing and more centers were needed. Many...more
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: EMCMS-LAW-1

"While regulations prohibit discrimination in employment and occupation regarding race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status, the government did not effectively enforce those laws and regulations. Discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on these factors persisted. The nature of penalties for violations was insufficient to deter violations" (Pg 59).