The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Pakistan

April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Accusations of rape were often resolved using extrajudicial measures, with the victim often forced to marry her attacker" (38).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"While no laws prevent women from voting, cultural and traditional barriers in tribal and rural areas impeded some women from voting" (34). "Authorities widely used quotas to assure a minimum female presence in elected bodies" (34).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The 2011 Prevention of Antiwomen Practices Amendment Act criminalizes and punishes the giving of a woman in marriage to settle a civil or criminal dispute; depriving a woman of her rights to inherit movable or immovable property by deceitful or illegal means; coercing or in any manner compelling a woman to enter into marriage; and compelling, arranging, or facilitating the marriage of a woman with the Quran, including forcing her to take an oath on the Quran to remain unmarried or not to claim her share of an inheritance. Although prohibited by law, these practices continued in some areas" (41). "The 2014 Sindh Child Marriage Restraint Act sets 18 as...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"NGOs reported transgender women were held with men and faced harassment" (8). "The government continued to operate the Crisis Center for Women in Distress, which referred abused women to NGOs for assistance. Numerous government- funded Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Centers for Women across the country provided legal aid, medical treatment, and psychosocial counseling. These centers served women who were victims of exploitation and violence" (39). "According to a wide range of LGBT NGOs and activists, society generally shunned transgender women, eunuchs, and intersex persons, collectively referred to as 'hijras'" (45).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The 1961 Suppression of Prostitution Ordinance and portions of the penal code are intended to protect children from sexual exploitation though socioeconomic vulnerabilities led to the sexual exploitation of children, including sex trafficking, and authorities did not regularly enforce these laws" (43).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1

"The country continued to have a concentrated HIV epidemic with an estimated prevalence among the general population at less than 0.1 percent. Estimates indicated that 93 percent of those living with HIV were in two provinces: Punjab (50 percent) and Sindh (43 percent). The epidemic was concentrated among key populations, primarily injecting drug users" (46).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities at the local, provincial, and national levels permitted some human rights groups and journalists to monitor prison conditions of juveniles and female inmates" (9).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Although several laws criminalize sexual harassment in the workplace and public sphere, the problem was widespread. Laws require all provinces to establish provincial-level ombudsmen" (41).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Consensual same-sex sexual conduct is a criminal offense; however, the government rarely prosecuted cases" (45).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for granting asylum or refugee status" (31).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law entitles female children to one-half the inheritance of male children" (42).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"In 2016 the provincial government of Punjab passed the Punjab Protection of Women against Violence Act to provide greater legal protections for domestic abuse victims, including judicial protective orders and access to a new network of district-level women’s shelters, the first of which was inaugurated in Multan in March. The center provided women a range of services including assistance with the completion of first information reports (FIRs) regarding the crimes committed against them, first aid, medical examinations, post-trauma rehabilitation, free legal services, and a shelter home" (38). "Women who tried to report abuse faced serious challenges. Police and judges were sometimes reluctant to take action in domestic violence cases, viewing...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-3

"Nonstate militant groups kidnapped boys and girls and used fraudulent promises to coerce parents into giving away children as young as 12 to spy, fight, or die as suicide bombers. The militants sometimes offered parents money, often sexually and physically abused the children, and used psychological coercion to convince the children the acts they committed were justified" (21).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"At times women were victims of various types of societal violence and abuse, including so-called honor killings, forced marriages and conversions, imposed isolation, and being used as chattel to settle tribal disputes" (40). "Despite these laws, hundreds of women reportedly were victims of so- called honor killings, and many cases went unreported and unpunished. In many cases, the male involved in the alleged “crime of honor” is not killed but allowed to flee" (40). "In July 2016 social media celebrity Fouzia Azeem (better known as Qandeel Baloch) was killed by her brother at their family home in southern Punjab. The brother said she had shamed the family with her “liberal”...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Although rape was frequent, prosecutions were rare" (37). "As in previous years, the government did not effectively enforce the 2006 Women’s Protection Act. The act brought the crime of rape under the jurisdiction of criminal rather than Islamic courts" (38). "The law requires a victim to complain directly to a sessions court, which is considered a trial court for heinous offenses. After recording the victim’s statement, the sessions court judge officially lodges a complaint, after which police may then make arrests. NGOs reported the procedure created barriers for rape victims who could not afford to travel to or access the courts. Rape was a severely underreported crime" (38). "According to...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"To address societal norms that disapprove of victims who report gender-based violence and abuse, the government established women’s police stations, staffed by female officers, to offer women a safe haven where they could safely report complaints and file charges. These women’s police stations, however, struggled with understaffing and limited equipment" (39). "The government continued to operate the Crisis Center for Women in Distress, which referred abused women to NGOs for assistance. Numerous government- funded Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Centers for Women across the country provided legal aid, medical treatment, and psychosocial counseling. These centers served women who were victims of exploitation and violence" (39). "The 2012 National Commission on the Status...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of five and 16, regardless of their nationality" (31). "The constitution mandates compulsory education, provided free of charge by the government, to all children between the ages of five and 16" (42).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women participated actively as political party members, but they were not always successful in securing leadership positions within parties, with the exception of women’s wings" (34).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"No specific federal law prohibits domestic violence, which was widespread" (38).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on sex in general, but authorities did not enforce it" (41).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

Women who tried to report abuse faced serious challenges. Police and judges were sometimes reluctant to take action in domestic violence cases, viewing them as family problems. Instead of filing charges, police typically responded by encouraging the parties to reconcile. Authorities routinely returned abused women to their abusive family members.
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"According to human rights groups and media reports, many Dawoodi Bohra Muslims practiced various forms of FGM/C. Some other isolated tribes and communities in rural Sindh and Balochistan also practiced FGM/C. Some Dawoodi Bohras spoke publicly and signed online petitions against the practice" (40).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"For all key populations, stigma and discrimination by the general population and by health-care providers in particular remained a significant barrier to treatment access" (46).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The 2011 Prevention of Antiwomen Practices Amendment Act criminalizes and punishes the giving of a woman in marriage to settle a civil or criminal dispute; depriving a woman of her rights to inherit movable or immovable property by deceitful or illegal means; coercing or in any manner compelling a woman to enter into marriage; and compelling, arranging, or facilitating the marriage of a woman with the Quran, including forcing her to take an oath on the Quran to remain unmarried or not to claim her share of an inheritance. Although prohibited by law, these practices continued in some areas" (41).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"There were communities of openly transgender women, but they were marginalized and were frequently the targets of violence and harassment. Transgender women were marginalized and were frequently the targets of violence and harassment" (45).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"In 2016 Parliament passed a new antirape law that provides for collection of DNA evidence and includes nondisclosure of a rape victim’s name, the right to legal representation of rape victims, and enhanced penalties for rape of victims with mental or physical disabilities" (37). "The law requires a victim to complain directly to a sessions court, which is considered a trial court for heinous offenses. After recording the victim’s statement, the sessions court judge officially lodges a complaint, after which police may then make arrests" (38).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Despite legal prohibitions, child marriages occurred. Federal law sets the legal age of marriage at 18 for men and 16 for women" (16). "The 2014 Sindh Child Marriage Restraint Act sets 18 as the legal age of marriage for both girls and boys in Sindh Province" (42).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1

"According to a 2017 nationally representative Gallup survey, 24.7 percent of women were married before the age of 18" (43).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No national law addresses the practice of FGM/C" (40).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The TTP particularly targeted girls’ schools to demonstrate its opposition to girls’ education but also destroyed boys’ schools" (21). "For older students, particularly girls in refugee villages, access to education remained difficult" (32). "The constitution mandates compulsory education, provided free of charge by the government, to all children between the ages of five and 16. Despite this provision, government schools often charged parents for books, uniforms, and other materials" (42).