The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Panama

May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Panama, there is no legislation designating head of household status (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Women in Panama are legally required to obey their husbands (123). In Panama, the original owner of any property legally administers the property in marriage (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Panama can work the same night hours as men. Women cannot work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are able to perform the same tasks at work as men (123). The ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits are not equal. The ages at which men and women can retire with partial pension benefits are not equal (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

A woman in Panama can legally travel outside the country and her own home in the same way as a man (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

Panamanian law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in employment. The dismissal of pregnant workers in Panama is prohibited. There is legislation on sexual harassment in education and employment. There are criminal penalties and civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

The government of Panama provides for valuation of nonmonetary contributions, such as staying at home to take care of children or other dependents (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Panama can legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man (123). A woman in Panama can legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

Primary education in Panama is free and compulsory (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Panama of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for women and men relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (123). Parents in Panama are not able to work flexibly (123). Working flexibly, such...more
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Panama can legally sign a contract, register a business, and open a bank account in the same way as a man. Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (123). Discrimination based on gender is not prohibited in access to credit in Panama, and neither is discrimination based on marital status (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: DV-LAW-1

There is legislation specifically addressing domestic violence in Panama (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

A woman in Panama can legally apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

Women make up 40% of the total labor force in Panama (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7

A woman in Panama can legally choose where she lives in the same way as a man (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Panama (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Panama can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

Female and male surviving spouses have equal inheritance rights in Panama (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Panama of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for women and men relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

Panamanian law does not mandate equal remuneration for work of equal value. The ages at which men and women can retire with full pension benefits are not equal, and the ages to retire with partial pension benefits for men and women are not equal (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

Women are able to work in the same industries as men in Panama (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

Sons and daughters have equal inheritance rights in Panama (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: CL-LAW-1

The government of Panama provides for valuation of nonmonetary contributions, such as staying at home to take care of the elderly and disabled (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is legislation on sexual harassment in education in Panama (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: GP-DATA-5

Panamanian law establishes an anti-discrimination commission (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

A woman in Panama can legally get a job in the same way as a man. Women can work the same night hours as men. Women are not able to work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are able to perform the same tasks at work as men. Women can work in the same industries as men (123). The ages at which men and women can retire with full pension benefits are not equal. The ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits are not equal (123).
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Australia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Georgia, Guyana, Honduras, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Liberia, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mauritania, Moldova, Montenegro, Namibia, Panama, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tanzania, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

1.0
May 4, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Ministry of Social Development maintained a free hotline for children and adults to report child abuse and advertised it widely. The ministry provided funding to children’s shelters operated by NGOs in seven provinces and continued a program that used pamphlets in schools to sensitize teachers, children, and parents about mistreatment and sexual abuse of children" (p. 15).
May 4, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law provides citizenship for all persons born in the country, but parents of children born in remote areas sometimes had difficulty obtaining birth registration certificates" (p. 15).
May 4, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Although an illegal hiring practice, some employers continued to request pregnancy tests" (p. 15).