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Latest items for Papua New Guinea

Sept. 19, 2018, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the proportion of married or in-union women of reproductive age who have their need for family planning satisified is 40.6 (latest available data for 2005-2009).
Sept. 19, 2018, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea, Uzbekistan
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 7.7 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 10.3 (per 100,000).
Sept. 15, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"A young girl has been brutally tortured in Papua New Guinea after being falsely accused of practising sorcery. The girl, believed to be about six years old, is now in hospital receiving treatment for extensive wounds and burns after members of her community tortured her with hot knives" (para 1-2). "The girl is believed to be the daughter of Kepari Leniata, who was burned alive in Mt Hagen in 2013, after also being accused of practicing sorcery, or sanguma, as it is a locally known" (para 5). "Mr Lutz said the torture of the girl was directly related to the accusations laid against her mother. 'Part of the urban legend...more
Sept. 15, 2018, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"A young girl has been brutally tortured in Papua New Guinea after being falsely accused of practising sorcery. The girl, believed to be about six years old, is now in hospital receiving treatment for extensive wounds and burns after members of her community tortured her with hot knives" (para 1-2). "The girl is believed to be the daughter of Kepari Leniata, who was burned alive in Mt Hagen in 2013, after also being accused of practicing sorcery, or sanguma, as it is a locally known" (para 5). "Mr Lutz said the torture of the girl was directly related to the accusations laid against her mother. 'Part of the urban legend...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide for equal protection irrespective of race, tribe, place of origin, color, or sex; however, enforcement of the provisions was not effective" (14).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"The country’s estimated maternal mortality ratio exceeded 220 deaths per 100,000 live births" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2

"In areas where polygyny was customary…" (15). The text does not indicate if polygyn is legal or not, but does say that is practiced customarily in some areas (AA-CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"In some cases, especially in rural areas, children were taken by members of the husband’s family in divorce proceedings as compensation for their contribution to bride price payments" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes intimate-partner violence, but it nonetheless persisted throughout the country and was generally committed with impunity...The law also gives legislative backing for interim protection orders" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law bans discrimination on the basis of gender for employment and wages in the workplace and mandates an employer found guilty of the offense be charged 107 kina ($35). The government did not effectively enforce this law" (23).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In some cases women were raped in police detention" (2). "Authorities usually held male and female inmates separately, but some rural prisons lacked separate facilities, and there were reports of assaults on female prisoners in the past" (2-3). "Widespread sexual violence was also committed by police and the unresponsiveness of authorities to complaints of sexual or intimate-partner violence deterred reporting of such crimes" (15). "Village courts tended to impose jail terms on women found guilty of adultery while penalizing men lightly or not at all" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Customary bride price payments continued to increase. This contributed to the perception by many communities that husbands owned their wives and could treat them as chattel" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The legal system allows village chiefs to negotiate the payment of compensation in lieu of trials for rapists" (15). "Gangs used rape and violence against women as part of initiation" (15). "Prison sentences were imposed on those convicted of rape, but few rapists were apprehended or prosecuted. The willingness of some communities to settle rape cases through material compensation rather than criminal prosecution made the crime difficult to combat" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Due to stigma, fear of retribution, and limited trust in authorities, this figure was likely underreported" (15). "Widespread sexual violence was also committed by police and the unresponsiveness of authorities to complaints of sexual or intimate-partner violence deterred reporting of such crimes" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

""Sexual harassment is not illegal, and it was a widespread and severe problem" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Under the country’s family planning policy, couples and individuals have the right to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing, and timing of their children, free from discrimination, violence, and coercion. The decision of the husband or male partner on such matters usually prevailed over the wishes of the woman" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"There were no differences in birth registration law between girls and boys" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"Violence committed against women by other women frequently stemmed from domestic disputes. In areas where polygyny was customary, authorities charged an increasing number of women with murdering another of their husband’s wives" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Village and district courts often hesitated to interfere directly in domestic matters. Village courts regularly ordered payment of compensation to an abused spouse’s family in cases of domestic abuse rather than issuing an order to detain and potentially charge the alleged offender" (6). "The law criminalizes intimate-partner violence, but it nonetheless persisted throughout the country and was generally committed with impunity...Implementation of the law remained incomplete" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"No law limits political participation by women, but the deeply rooted patriarchal culture impeded women’s full participation in political life. The political participation of women was often limited, since many were expected to vote along tribal and family lines" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Village courts tended to impose jail terms on women found guilty of adultery while penalizing men lightly or not at all. The law requires district courts to endorse orders for imprisonment before the imposing sentences, and National Court justices frequently annulled such village court sentences" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of government discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS; however, there was a strong societal stigma attached to HIV/AIDS infection that prevented some individuals from seeking HIV/AIDS-related services. A survey in two provinces indicated up to 11.5 percent of respondents were physically assaulted for their HIV/AIDs status and 31 percent stated they were denied health services at least once" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"According to the UN Population Division, 29 percent of women between the ages of 15 and 49 used a modern method of contraception in 2014" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DV-LAW-3

"The law also...allows neighbors, relatives, and children to report domestic violence" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Widespread discrimination with respect to women occurred, especially in the attainment of management positions" (23).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Customary and traditional practices allow marriage of children as young as age 12, and early marriage was common in many traditional, isolated rural communities. Child brides frequently were taken as additional wives or given as brides to pay family debts and often were used as domestic servants. Child brides were particularly vulnerable to domestic abuse. Lack of resources and access to remote regions hampered the government’s ability to take steps to prevent child marriages and enforce the law" (17-18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Ministry of Religion, Youth, and Community Development is responsible for women’s issues and has considerable influence over the government’s policy toward women" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"There were numerous press reports of vigilante killings and abuses. Many killings were related to alleged involvement in sorcery and witchcraft and typically targeted the most vulnerable persons: young women, widows without male sons, and the elderly" (19-20). "After several incidents in August and September, observers concluded that the number of women being tortured and killed under sorcery accusations was increasing. Many believed sorcery-related violence was used to mask violence against women or to attain revenge against another group or individual. Reliable data on the issue remained elusive" (20). "As of September 21, there were two indictments but no convictions in a highprofile 2013 case in Mount Hagen, Western Highlands...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"Child pornography is illegal; penalties range from five to 15 years’ imprisonment, but enforcement remained a problem" (18).