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Latest items for Romania

July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is concerned at: (a) Reports of unregistered marriages and their adverse impact on the acquisition of rights by women during such unions and of their entitlements upon dissolution of the unions, especially in the absence of legal recognition of de facto unions" (15).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The persistent gender pay gap, despite the existence of legislation on equal pay for work of equal value" (10).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the decriminalization of women engaging in prostitution in the new Criminal Code. It is concerned, however, at: (...) (b) Inconsistencies between civil and criminal law provisions, resulting in women in prostitution being fined" (8).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the following: (g) Adoption of the national strategy against trafficking in persons, covering the period 2012-2016, in 2011" (2). "The Committee notes that the criminal involvement of a public official in trafficking has been made an aggravating circumstance in the new Criminal Code. It is concerned, however, at: (a) The significant number of Romanian women who are trafficked abroad and the trafficking of women with disabilities; (b) The absence of investigations into public officials suspected of involvement in cases of trafficking...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"The fact that Act No. 448/2006 does not promote the rights of women and girls with disabilities, together with the reports of their forced institutionalization and abuse leading to their death, the discrimination against women with disabilities and the difficulties that they face in gaining access to health-care services owing to there being insufficient medical equipment for their care" (14).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"The lack of gender awareness among teachers, who frequently transmit a stereotypical understanding of gender roles, as reflected in school textbooks, and the fact that these books lack information on the historic role of women, including of Roma women, and on their contribution to Romanian culture and science" (10).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned at reports of abuse, contemporary forms of slavery and sexual exploitation of Romanian women who are seasonal agricultural workers in Italy, as well as of the labour exploitation of Chinese women in the textile industry in the State party (see A/HRC/18/30/Add.1) and of Filipino women domestic workers in the State party suffering labour exploitation, physical abuse and fearing reprisals by their employers if they file complaints. The Committee is also concerned that the State party has not yet ratified the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families and the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"The Committee welcomes the fact that, in the period since the consideration of the previous report, the State party has ratified or acceded to the following international and regional instruments: (a) Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention), in 2016; (b)Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, in 2008" (2).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee remains concerned at: (a) The significant disparities between urban and rural women in terms of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and basic services, such as education, employment, health care and transportation; (b) The persistence of patriarchal attitudes and discriminatory stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society in rural areas, resulting in higher levels of gender-based violence against rural women and their lower participation in decision-making processes on rural development; (c) The lack of specific measures to address the challenges faced by rural women in the State party in the national programme for local development" (13). "The Committee notes...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The absence of policies and programmes addressing the prevention of exploitation in prostitution and protection, of assistance and legal support for women who are victims of such exploitation and of specific support for women who wish to leave prostitution" (8).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the increase in the representation of women in Parliament and the legislative initiatives to introduce statutory quotas. Nevertheless, it is concerned at: (a) The continued low representation of women in Parliament and in the national, regional and local governments, in particular the low number of women mayors; (b) The lack of effective measures to implement chapter 4 of Act No. 202/2002 on equal opportunities and treatment for men and women and thus ensure the balanced participation of women and men in leadership and decision-making positions in the public administration; (c) The fact that the initiative currently before Parliament does not ensure that women are not consistently assigned...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"The refusal of health professionals and entire hospitals to perform medical abortions, thus causing women to seek unsafe and illegal abortions, the use of abortion as a means of contraception, the discontinuation of funding for the provision of free contraceptives in 2013 and the lack of awareness among adults of modern means of contraception" (12).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The low rates of birth registration of Roma babies and children, preventing them from benefiting from basic services, and the insufficient funding for the strategy for the inclusion of Romanian citizens belonging to the Roma minority, covering the period 2012-2020" (14).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"New Criminal Code, harmonizing legislation on trafficking in persons, in July 2009" (2).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The fact that the existing legislative mechanism does not adequately address gender-based violence in the domestic sphere in the determination of child custody" (15).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Restrictions in the access to child-raising allowances to formally employed parents and the introduction of selective criteria for those allowances and family support allowances, which is having a disproportionate impact on women and women-headed households" (10).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"(c) The persistent gender segregation in education, the low number of female students enrolled in vocational training courses and in scientific and technological disciplines and the fact that the higher participation of women in tertiary education does not translate into their labour market participation" (10).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"The limited access to health care for Roma women, women with disabilities, migrant women, women living with HIV/AIDS, older women and women living in the street owing to a lack of medical equipment, high rates of brain drain of medical personnel, especially in rural areas, the insufficient development of community outreach services and the closure of hospitals in rural areas, in addition to an increase in pregnancy costs and low registration rates for national health insurance. The Committee is concerned that this situation results in insufficient medical follow-up visits, high infant and maternal mortality rates and high breast cancer rates" (12).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the information provided during the dialogue on the drafting of amendments to the national audiovisual policy and ongoing initiatives to cover gender equality in school textbooks. It is concerned, however, at: (a) Stereotypical and sometimes degrading images of women, especially of Roma women, in the media and the absence of gender equality education in school curricula and of relevant training for teachers" (5).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The recent resurgence of stereotypical discourse by political figures and religious non-State actors, such as the Romanian Orthodox Church, in relation to the sexual and reproductive health rights of women, which are amplified through the display of stereotypical images on the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family through the media" (5).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the information received on the development of a strategy for preventing and countering discrimination, the revision of the definition of multiple discrimination in the legislation of the State party and the inclusion of gender equality among the principles of the strategy for the inclusion of Romanian citizens belonging to the Roma minority, covering the period 2012-2020" (13).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the improvement of procedures and manuals in the field of gynaecological and obstetric care and the training of professionals on methods of family planning, as well the adoption of a national health strategy covering the period 2014-2020. It is concerned, however at: (...) (b) High rates of teenage pregnancy, the absence of mandatory age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health and rights in the school curriculum and the lack of training of teachers in this field; (c) The refusal of health professionals and entire hospitals to perform medical abortions, thus causing women to seek unsafe and illegal abortions, the use of abortion as a means of contraception,...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Women’s lack of trust in the judicial system, their limited awareness about available remedies for obtaining redress and the stigmatization of victims, which leads to underreporting of cases of gender-based violence against women and girls, including psychological and economic violence, sexual harassment and marital rape. The online publication of the names of victims and witnesses in proceedings for protection orders unless the applicant explicitly requests anonymity and the lack of physical protection of victims in courtrooms, preventing women from seeking justice for gender-based violence and discrimination" (3). "The requirement to present identity documents to gain access to shelters and health services, the restricted access to legal and psychological counselling, the...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The lack of gender mainstreaming in government strategies, such as the national strategy entitled ‘A society without barriers for persons with disabilities’, covering the period 2016-2020, and the lack of effective measures to implement gender budgeting" (4). "The Committee remains concerned at the lack of statistical data, disaggregated by sex, age, ethnicity, geographical location and socioeconomic background, and especially subsequent lack of analysis, which is necessary for an accurate assessment of the situation of women and to determine whether they suffer from discrimination, in particular multiple forms of discrimination, for informed and targeted policymaking and for the systematic monitoring and evaluation of the progress achieved towards the realization of women’s...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The absence of corrective measures to enhance women’s access to loans and credits" (11).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The low participation of women in the private sector, especially in senior management positions and on the boards of private companies" (10).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: MABFC-DATA-1

"High rates of teenage pregnancy, the absence of mandatory age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health and rights in the school curriculum and the lack of training of teachers in this field" (12).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s lack of trust in the judicial system, their limited awareness about available remedies for obtaining redress and the stigmatization of victims, which leads to underreporting of cases of gender-based violence against women and girls, including psychological and economic violence, sexual harassment and marital rape" (3).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The lack of measures taken to prevent harmful practices in relation to child marriages concluded illegally and under the legal exceptions to the age of 18 years and address the impact on the school attendance of Roma girls" (5).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The high unemployment rate among women, especially in rural areas and among Roma women, the unequal division of family responsibilities between women and men, the closure of kindergartens, especially in rural areas, and the disproportionate burden of unpaid care work for women, further restricting their access to formal employment and resulting in lower pension benefits for women compared with men or the exclusion of women from the pension system" (10).