The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Romania

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"In 2018, there were no foreign victims identified among refugees and asylum-seekers, but observers suspected dozens of cases. The law permitted foreign victims to request asylum and granted asylum-seekers the right to work after three months. The law also permitted foreign victims who cooperated with authorities to receive a renewable, six-month temporary residence permit" (400).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Articles 210 and 211 of the penal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of three to 10 years’ imprisonment, which were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape" (399).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Romanian victims abroad, who accounted for 44 percent of identified victims, received free travel documents issued by Romanian embassies; however, the government did not pay for repatriation expenses, leaving NGOs and an international organization to cover the costs. In 2018, there were no foreign victims identified among refugees and asylum-seekers, but observers suspected dozens of cases. The law permitted foreign victims to request asylum and granted asylum-seekers the right to work after three months. The law also permitted foreign victims who cooperated with authorities to receive a renewable, six-month temporary residence permit" (400).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Romania, and traffickers exploit victims from Romania abroad. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. Traffickers subject Romanian women and children to sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. Experts report a rise in Romanian women recruited for sham marriages in Western Europe; after entering these marriages, traffickers force the women into prostitution or labor"...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts include indicting more suspected traffickers and adopting a five-year national strategy and national action plan. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. Courts convicted significantly fewer traffickers and officials identified considerably fewer victims, continuing a multi-year decline in such efforts. Endemic corruption and alleged complicity in trafficking crimes persisted without punishment, particularly with officials exploiting minors while in the care of government-managed placement centers. Judges continued to lack specialized training on working with trafficking cases and...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Public officials and NGOs identified 497 victims in 2018, the lowest number of identified victims in more than a decade and a decline from 662 in 2017 and 757 in 2016; these statistics included victims from ongoing investigations and prosecutions initiated in previous years. Of these victims, 73 percent were female and 67 percent were victims of sex trafficking. As in past years, fewer than half of identified victims received assistance. In 2018, 48 percent (236) of identified victims received assistance provided by public institutions, public-private partnerships, and NGOs (46 percent in 2017, 41 percent in 2016)" (400).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

2.0
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is concerned at: (a) Reports of unregistered marriages and their adverse impact on the acquisition of rights by women during such unions and of their entitlements upon dissolution of the unions, especially in the absence of legal recognition of de facto unions" (15).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The persistent gender pay gap, despite the existence of legislation on equal pay for work of equal value" (10).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the decriminalization of women engaging in prostitution in the new Criminal Code. It is concerned, however, at: (...) (b) Inconsistencies between civil and criminal law provisions, resulting in women in prostitution being fined" (8).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the following: (g) Adoption of the national strategy against trafficking in persons, covering the period 2012-2016, in 2011" (2). "The Committee notes that the criminal involvement of a public official in trafficking has been made an aggravating circumstance in the new Criminal Code. It is concerned, however, at: (a) The significant number of Romanian women who are trafficked abroad and the trafficking of women with disabilities; (b) The absence of investigations into public officials suspected of involvement in cases of trafficking...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"The fact that Act No. 448/2006 does not promote the rights of women and girls with disabilities, together with the reports of their forced institutionalization and abuse leading to their death, the discrimination against women with disabilities and the difficulties that they face in gaining access to health-care services owing to there being insufficient medical equipment for their care" (14).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"The lack of gender awareness among teachers, who frequently transmit a stereotypical understanding of gender roles, as reflected in school textbooks, and the fact that these books lack information on the historic role of women, including of Roma women, and on their contribution to Romanian culture and science" (10).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned at reports of abuse, contemporary forms of slavery and sexual exploitation of Romanian women who are seasonal agricultural workers in Italy, as well as of the labour exploitation of Chinese women in the textile industry in the State party (see A/HRC/18/30/Add.1) and of Filipino women domestic workers in the State party suffering labour exploitation, physical abuse and fearing reprisals by their employers if they file complaints. The Committee is also concerned that the State party has not yet ratified the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families and the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"The Committee welcomes the fact that, in the period since the consideration of the previous report, the State party has ratified or acceded to the following international and regional instruments: (a) Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention), in 2016; (b)Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, in 2008" (2).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee remains concerned at: (a) The significant disparities between urban and rural women in terms of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and basic services, such as education, employment, health care and transportation; (b) The persistence of patriarchal attitudes and discriminatory stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society in rural areas, resulting in higher levels of gender-based violence against rural women and their lower participation in decision-making processes on rural development; (c) The lack of specific measures to address the challenges faced by rural women in the State party in the national programme for local development" (13). "The Committee notes...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The absence of policies and programmes addressing the prevention of exploitation in prostitution and protection, of assistance and legal support for women who are victims of such exploitation and of specific support for women who wish to leave prostitution" (8).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the increase in the representation of women in Parliament and the legislative initiatives to introduce statutory quotas. Nevertheless, it is concerned at: (a) The continued low representation of women in Parliament and in the national, regional and local governments, in particular the low number of women mayors; (b) The lack of effective measures to implement chapter 4 of Act No. 202/2002 on equal opportunities and treatment for men and women and thus ensure the balanced participation of women and men in leadership and decision-making positions in the public administration; (c) The fact that the initiative currently before Parliament does not ensure that women are not consistently assigned...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"The refusal of health professionals and entire hospitals to perform medical abortions, thus causing women to seek unsafe and illegal abortions, the use of abortion as a means of contraception, the discontinuation of funding for the provision of free contraceptives in 2013 and the lack of awareness among adults of modern means of contraception" (12).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The low rates of birth registration of Roma babies and children, preventing them from benefiting from basic services, and the insufficient funding for the strategy for the inclusion of Romanian citizens belonging to the Roma minority, covering the period 2012-2020" (14).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"New Criminal Code, harmonizing legislation on trafficking in persons, in July 2009" (2).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The fact that the existing legislative mechanism does not adequately address gender-based violence in the domestic sphere in the determination of child custody" (15).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Restrictions in the access to child-raising allowances to formally employed parents and the introduction of selective criteria for those allowances and family support allowances, which is having a disproportionate impact on women and women-headed households" (10).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"(c) The persistent gender segregation in education, the low number of female students enrolled in vocational training courses and in scientific and technological disciplines and the fact that the higher participation of women in tertiary education does not translate into their labour market participation" (10).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"The limited access to health care for Roma women, women with disabilities, migrant women, women living with HIV/AIDS, older women and women living in the street owing to a lack of medical equipment, high rates of brain drain of medical personnel, especially in rural areas, the insufficient development of community outreach services and the closure of hospitals in rural areas, in addition to an increase in pregnancy costs and low registration rates for national health insurance. The Committee is concerned that this situation results in insufficient medical follow-up visits, high infant and maternal mortality rates and high breast cancer rates" (12).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the information provided during the dialogue on the drafting of amendments to the national audiovisual policy and ongoing initiatives to cover gender equality in school textbooks. It is concerned, however, at: (a) Stereotypical and sometimes degrading images of women, especially of Roma women, in the media and the absence of gender equality education in school curricula and of relevant training for teachers" (5).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The recent resurgence of stereotypical discourse by political figures and religious non-State actors, such as the Romanian Orthodox Church, in relation to the sexual and reproductive health rights of women, which are amplified through the display of stereotypical images on the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family through the media" (5).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the information received on the development of a strategy for preventing and countering discrimination, the revision of the definition of multiple discrimination in the legislation of the State party and the inclusion of gender equality among the principles of the strategy for the inclusion of Romanian citizens belonging to the Roma minority, covering the period 2012-2020" (13).