The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Russia

April 4, 2019, 7:27 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Brazil, Burma/Myanmar, Chad, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Paraguay, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Ukraine, United States, Vanuatu
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-3

3.0
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGO activists, men who have sex with men were discouraged from seeking antiretroviral treatment, since treatment exposed the fact that these individuals had the virus, while sex workers were afraid to appear in the official system due to threats from law enforcement bodies" (57).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"A variety of domestic and international human rights groups generally operated in the country, investigating and publishing their findings on human rights cases. Government officials were rarely cooperative or responsive to their concerns. Official harassment of independent NGOs continued and in many instances intensified, particularly of groups that focused on election monitoring, exposing corruption, and addressing human rights abuses" (44). CC: Lack of government response to human rights NGOs includes NGOs focused toward women and their rights.
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The most significant human rights issues included...thousands of fatal incidents of domestic violence to which the government responded by reducing the penalty for domestic violence" (2). "According to NGOs, many law enforcement personnel and prosecutors did not consider spousal or acquaintance rape a priority and did not encourage reporting or prosecuting such cases. NGOs reported that local police officers sometimes refused to respond to rape or domestic violence calls unless the victim’s life was directly threatened" (46). "Domestic violence remained a major problem" (46). "According to NGOs, police were often unwilling to register complaints of domestic violence and frequently discouraged victims from submitting them" (46). "The NGO Center for Women’s...more
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The World Economic Forum’s publication, The Global Gender Gap Report 2015, based on the country’s annual statistics report, documented a widespread gender pay gap and noted that, while women were close to parity in senior business roles, women predominated in low-paying jobs in education, the health-care industry, and low-level sales positions. On average, women earned 72.6 percent of salaries for men, notwithstanding that 85 percent of women had completed some form of higher education compared with 68 percent of men" (61).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is three to six years’ imprisonment for a single offender, with additional time imposed for aggravating factors" (46).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1

"Discrimination based on gender in compensation, professional training, hiring, and dismissal was common. Employers often preferred to hire men to save on maternity and child-care costs and to avoid the perceived unreliability associated with women with small children. Such discrimination was often very difficult to prove, although NGOs reported several successful lawsuits in St. Petersburg against companies for wrongful termination of women on maternity leave" (61). "Employers may not request overtime work from pregnant women, workers under the age of 18, and other categories of employees specified by federal laws" (63).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"The most significant human rights issues included...thousands of fatal incidents of domestic violence to which the government responded by reducing the penalty for domestic violence" (2). "Domestic violence remained a major problem" (46). "According to Ministry of Internal Affairs statistics cited by NGOs, approximately 12,000 women died annually from domestic violence in the country" (47).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation, sale, offering or procuring for prostitution, and practices related to child pornography" (48).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal, and the law provides the same punishment for a relative, including the spouse, who commits rape as for a nonrelative" (46).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, ABO-DATA-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (48).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The criminal code contains a general provision against compelling a person to perform actions of a sexual character by means of blackmail, threats, or by taking advantage of the victim’s economic or other dependence on the perpetrator" (47). "A 2013 law prohibits employer discrimination in posting job vacancy information. It also prohibits employers from requesting workers with specific gender, race, nationality, address registration, age, and other factors unrelated to personal skills and competencies" (61).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"Local NGOs in Dagestan reported that FGM/C was occasionally practiced in some villages" (47).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"The university came under criticism from nationalist politicians in 2016 because of a gender studies course it had offered" (29). "While members of the medical profession assisted assault survivors and sometimes helped confirm an assault or rape, doctors were often reluctant to provide testimony in court" (46). "The NGO Center for Women’s Support asserted that a majority of domestic violence cases filed with authorities were either dismissed on technical grounds or transferred to a reconciliation process conducted by a justice of the peace whose focus was on preserving the family rather than punishing the perpetrator" (47).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGOs, many law enforcement personnel and prosecutors did not consider spousal or acquaintance rape a priority and did not encourage reporting or prosecuting such cases. NGOs reported that local police officers sometimes refused to respond to rape or domestic violence calls unless the victim’s life was directly threatened" (46).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Prison overcrowding remained a serious problem. While the penal code establishes the separation of women and men, juveniles and adults, and pretrial detainees and convicts into separate quarters, there was anecdotal evidence that not all prison facilities followed these rules. Penal Reform International reported conditions were generally better in women’s colonies than in those for men, but they remained substandard. Thirteen women’s facilities also contained facilities for underage children of inmates who had no options for housing them with friends or relatives" (7). "In July, President Putin pardoned Annik Kesyan and Marina Dzhandzhgava, two women convicted of treason for sending text messages about the movement of Russian military equipment on...more
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. While members of national minorities took an active part in political life, ethnic Russians, who constituted approximately 80 percent of the population, dominated the political and administrative system, particularly at the federal level" (43).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation, sale, offering or procuring for prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. The authorities generally enforced the law" (48). "he Investigative Committee reported filing charges in 1,645 cases of rape involving children in 2015 as well as in more than 5,300 cases of sexual assault of children" (48). "Authorities considered child pornography to be a serious problem" (49). "Roskomnadzor has the power to shut down any website immediately and without due process until its owners prove its content does not include child pornography. In 2014 approximately 15 percent of the 45,700 links Roskomnadzor shut down were related to child pornography" (49).more
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The most significant human rights issues included...thousands of fatal incidents of domestic violence to which the government responded by reducing the penalty for domestic violence" (2). "There is no significant domestic violence provision in the criminal code and no legal definition of domestic violence. The laws that address bodily harm are general in nature and do not permit police to initiate a criminal investigation unless the victim files a complaint. The burden of collecting evidence in such cases typically falls on the alleged victims. Federal law prohibits battery, assault, threats, and killing, but most acts of domestic violence did not fall within the jurisdiction of the prosecutor’s office" (46). "On...more
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"On April 28, opposition Yabloko Party member Natalia Fyodorova temporarily lost her vision after an unknown assailant splashed chemicals on her face" (31).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (43).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"According to NGOs, many law enforcement personnel and prosecutors did not consider spousal or acquaintance rape a priority and did not encourage reporting or prosecuting such cases. NGOs reported that local police officers sometimes refused to respond to rape or domestic violence calls unless the victim’s life was directly threatened" (46). "According to NGOs, police were often unwilling to register complaints of domestic violence and frequently discouraged victims from submitting them" (46). "The law’s sponsor in the State Duma, Yelena Mizulina, noted she believes women 'don’t take offense when they see a man beat his wife' and that 'a man beating his wife is less offensive than when a woman...more
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for marriage is 18 for both men and women. Local authorities may authorize marriage from the age of 16 under certain circumstances, and even earlier in some regions" (48).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"According to Human Rights Watch, in June, Chechnya head Ramzan Kadyrov began an initiative to reunite divorced families. In August media reported the program had reunited 948 families. According to NGOs, many of these reunifications were forced" (47).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes" (47).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGOs, many law enforcement personnel and prosecutors did not consider spousal or acquaintance rape a priority and did not encourage reporting or prosecuting such cases. NGOs reported that local police officers sometimes refused to respond to rape or domestic violence calls unless the victim’s life was directly threatened" (46). "According to Human Rights Watch, in December 2016 three men attacked and forced a transgender woman from Uzbekistan into a car where they gang-raped her. The perpetrators filmed it and extorted money from her by threatening to publish the video. In May a court in Murmansk found the men guilty of extortion with the use of violence and sentenced...more
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The most significant human rights issues included...trafficking in persons" (2). "In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes. In April a criminal case was initiated against a 20-year-old resident of Ingushetia after he kidnapped a 19-year-old woman to be his wife" (47).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Discrimination based on gender in compensation, professional training, hiring, and dismissal was common. Employers often preferred to hire men to save on maternity and child-care costs and to avoid the perceived unreliability associated with women with small children. Such discrimination was often very difficult to prove, although NGOs reported several successful lawsuits in St. Petersburg against companies for wrongful termination of women on maternity leave" (61). "Notwithstanding the law, vacancy announcements sometimes specified gender and age requirements, and some also specified a desired physical appearance" (61).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"Rape survivors may act as full legal parties in criminal cases brought against their alleged assailants and may seek compensation as part of a court verdict without initiating a separate civil action" (46).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal, and the law provides the same punishment for a relative, including the spouse, who commits rape as for a nonrelative" (46). "The age of consent is 16" (48).