The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Russia

Sept. 19, 2018, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the proportion of married or in-union women of reproductive age who have their need for family planning satisified is 72.4 (latest available data for 2005-2015).
Sept. 19, 2018, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 22.3 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m.
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 20.1 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Russia, United States
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to the WHO 2017 statistical report, the adoescent birth rate (per 1000 women aged 15-19 years) was 26.6 based on data from 2005-2014.
June 30, 2018, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"The government will spend 500 billion rubles ($8.6 billion) over three years on measures to encourage Russians to have more babies, including mortgage subsidies and payments to new and growing families, Deputy Prime Minister Olga Golodets told reporters Wednesday in Moscow. The money will come from government reserves and won’t require changes in the budget, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov told the upper house of parliament. The welfare program’s being rolled out a day after Putin told officials at a Kremlin meeting that Russia must do more to support new parents and create “additional incentives for the birth of the second and third child” in families to counter a looming demographic...more
June 30, 2018, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: BR-SCALE-1

"Russia had 12.9 births per 1,000 people last year, the lowest since 2011, according to the Federal Statistics Service, which calculates the rate may plunge by a further quarter to just 9 births by 2035 in the most pessimistic circumstances" (Para 5).
June 30, 2018, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"Russia suffered a decline in birth rates amid the chaos of the 1990s after the collapse of the Soviet Union. That’s feeding into a second slump now as the generation born then reaches its prime child-bearing years. Russia had 12.9 births per 1,000 people last year, the lowest since 2011, according to the Federal Statistics Service, which calculates the rate may plunge by a further quarter to just 9 births by 2035 in the most pessimistic circumstances" (Para 5).
June 26, 2018, 7:54 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

In 2011, 57% of 1,980 GMAT examinees were female (2).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The labor code restricts women’s employment in jobs with “harmful or dangerous conditions or work underground, except in nonphysical jobs or sanitary and consumer services,” and forbids women’s employment in “manual handling of bulk weights that exceed the set limits for their handling.” According to the NGO St. Petersburg Aegis, the law resulted in authorities compiling a list of 456 occupations from which it is legal to exclude women, including those of diver, paratrooper, and firefighter," (71).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage," (55).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"85 percent of women had completed some form of higher education, compared with 68 percent of men," (71).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Persons with HIV/AIDS faced significant legal discrimination, informal stigmabased barriers, and employment discrimination (see section 7.d.); and were prohibited from adopting children. In addition those who were intravenous drug users in particular faced informal barriers to accessing antiretroviral treatment. Regional AIDS centers often demanded that drug users complete drug addiction treatment, which was severely lacking or nonexistent in most areas, before starting antiretroviral treatment. According to NGO activists, men who have sex with men were discouraged from seeking antiretroviral treatment, since treatment exposes the fact that these individuals have the virus, while sex workers were afraid to appear in the official system due to threats from law enforcement bodies. Economic...more
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"While authorities considered child pornography to be a serious problem, the law does not define child pornography, criminalize its possession, or provide for effective investigation and prosecution of it. The law prohibits the manufacture, distribution, and possession with intent to distribute of child pornography, but possession without intent to distribute is not prohibited by law. Manufacture and distribution of pornography involving children under 18 is punishable by two to 10 years in prison, or three to 15 years in prison if it involves children under 14. Courts often dismissed criminal cases, however, because of the lack of clear standards or definitions," (56).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes," (54). "NGOs reported that, while the overwhelming majority of bride kidnappings were not voluntary, women in the North Caucasus sometimes agreed to be abducted to avoid an arranged marriage, often to an older man or to a man with multiple wives," (54).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

" By law citizenship derives from parents at birth or from birth within the country’s territory if the parents are unknown or if the child cannot claim the parents’ citizenship. Newborns generally were registered at the local civil registry office where the parents live. A parent must apply for registration within one month of the birth. Birth certificates were issued on the basis of the medical certificate of the hospital where a baby was born," (55).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage," (55). "Traditional legal practices in the North Caucasus award the husband custody of children and all property in divorce cases. As a result women in the region were often unwilling to seek divorce, even in cases...more
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence remained a major problem. There is no significant domestic violence provision in the criminal code and no legal definition of domestic violence. The laws that address bodily harm are general in nature and do not permit police to initiate a criminal investigation unless the victim files a complaint. The burden of collecting evidence in such cases typically falls on the alleged victims. Federal law prohibits battery, assault, threats, and killing, but most acts of domestic violence did not fall within the jurisdiction of the Prosecutor’s Office," (53). "Physical harm, property, and family rights cases, such as divorce, asset division, and child custody, cannot be heard in the same...more
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"According to NGOs many women did not report rape or other violence, especially when committed by spouses, due to social stigma and the lack of government support," (52).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit sexual harassment in the workplace, which remained a widespread problem. Instead, the criminal code contains a general provision against compelling a person to perform actions of a sexual character by means of blackmail, threats, or by taking advantage of the victim’s economic or other dependence on the perpetrator. As of April there had been no successful prosecutions for “compulsion to perform sexual actions," (54). "Discrimination based on gender in compensation, professional training, hiring, and dismissal were characteristic of the labor market. Employers often preferred to hire men to save on maternity and child-care costs and avoid the perceived unreliability associated with women with small...more
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property and official status, place of residence, religion, beliefs, membership of public associations, or other circumstances," (52).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Penal Reform International reported conditions were generally better in women’s colonies than in men’s but remained substandard. Thirteen women’s facilities also contained facilities for underage children of inmates who had no options for housing them with friends or relatives," (8). "Human rights groups noted authorities [in the North Caucasus] often did not act to address widespread reports of physical abuse of women," (22).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is not specifically prohibited in the criminal code," (53).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"According to human rights groups, so-called honor killings of women in Chechnya, Dagestan, and elsewhere in the North Caucasus district continued," (53). "Human rights groups further reported that so-called honor killings were underreported and rarely prosecuted because of community collusion to cover up such crimes, although there were instances in which such killings led to convictions," (54).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"The government does not gather comprehensive data on domestic violence, but 2013 statistics from the Ministry of Internal Affairs showed that, while women were the victims of 43 percent of all crimes, they were the victims of crimes committed in the home (63 percent), among family members (73 percent), and by a spouse (91 percent) at disproportionately high rates. In a poll conducted in March in the Karelian republic, more than half the respondents indicated they had heard of recent cases or had personally been the victim of domestic violence. Respondents’ references to domestic violence included cases of physical (35 percent), psychological (37 percent), and sexual (3 percent) abuse. The...more
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution and law provide that men and women enjoy the same legal status and rights under family, labor, property, and inheritance law and in the judicial system. Men and women have an equal right to obtain a bank loan, but women often encountered significant restrictions," (55).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C is not specifically prohibited in the criminal code. Local NGOs in Dagestan reported that FGM/C was occasionally practiced in some villages in the republic," (53).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The World Economic Forum’s 2015 Global Gender Gap Report, based on ‘the country’s Annual Statistics Report, documented a widespread gender pay gap and noted that women predominated in low-paying jobs in education and the medical industry and in low-level sales positions. On average women earned 38 percent less than men, notwithstanding that 85 percent of women had completed some form of higher education, compared with 68 percent of men," (71).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The government recognizes the basic right of couples and individuals to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; manage their reproductive health; and have access to the information and means to do so. While there are no legal restrictions on access to contraceptives, the Russian Orthodox Church and Muftis Council continued their opposition to family planning initiatives, and access to family planning in the country was limited, especially outside of big cities. Senior government leaders explicitly encouraged women to have as many children as possible to counteract the country’s declining population, particularly among ethnic Russians," (54).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, forced marriage (including child marriage), legal discrimination, and enforced adherence to Islamic dress codes," (54).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"A 2013 law prohibits employer discrimination in posting job vacancy information. It also prohibits employers from requesting workers with specific gender, race, nationality, address registration, age, and other factors unrelated to personal skills and competencies. Notwithstanding the law, vacancy announcements continued to specify gender and age requirements, and some also specified a desired physical appearance and preference for applicants who were open to intimate relations with their prospective supervisors," (71). "The labor code restricts women’s employment in jobs with “harmful or dangerous conditions or work underground, except in nonphysical jobs or sanitary and consumer services,” and forbids women’s employment in “manual handling of bulk weights that exceed the set limits...more