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Latest items for Rwanda

April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Access to modern forms of contraception remains insufficient, as they are provided at a limited number of health facilities" (11).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Organic Law No. 12/2013/OL of 12 September 2013 on State finances and property, which enforces accountability measures for gender-sensitive resource allocation across all sectors, programmes and projects through gender budget statements" (2). "The Committee appreciates the progress achieved by the State party in the implementation and mainstreaming of women’s rights and commends it on its national machinery for the advancement of women, which is coordinated by the Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion. It notes with appreciation that gender focal persons at the provincial and district levels facilitate gender mainstreaming. It is concerned, however, about the absence of regional gender-equality bodies" (4). "There is no centralized system of data collection...more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that the number of girls enrolled in primary and secondary schools has increased in the State party. It also welcomes the campaigns for raising the awareness of boys about menstruation. It notes with concern, however, that: (a) Girls’ rate of transition to the next level of education remains lower than that of boys, which may be attributed to the high number of early pregnancies, insufficient sanitation facilities for girls and discriminatory stereotyped attitudes on the education of women and girls; (b) Notwithstanding the introduction of lower pass marks for girls, boys continue to perform better at school, partly because of girls’ unequal burden of household...more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Organic Law No. 02/2011/OL of 27 July 2011 governing the organization of education, which provides that the education of the citizen shall not be characterized by any form of discrimination" (2).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"The access of women and girls to traditionally male-dominated professions and tertiary education remains low" (9).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"Organic Law No. 01/2012/OL of 2 May 2012 instituting the Penal Code, which prohibits the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography;" (2).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Committee commends the State party on its acceptance of a high number of refugees. It is nevertheless concerned about: (a) The high incidence of gender-based violence against women and girls, including sexual violence such as rape and so-called “survival sex”, in and around refugee camps, which is furthermore a significant cause of the relatively high rate of teenage pregnancy; (b) The low rate of reporting of gender-based violence, including sexual violence, by refugee women and girls, inter alia for fear of reprisals; (c) The high risk of trafficking for refugee women and girls; (d) The inadequate security situation for women and girls in refugee camps; (e) Limited access to...more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"It notes with concern, however, that several discriminatory provisions, such as punishment for marital rape being lower than that for rape, remain in the law, that discriminatory customs continue to be applied, for example in the area of inheritance law, and that there is no comprehensive anti-discrimination law" (3). "The Penal Code provides for significantly lower sentences for marital rape than for rape" (6).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee notes with concern that poverty continues to compel many women to resort to prostitution and that article 205 of the Penal Code criminalizes women in prostitution. The Committee appreciates the establishment of exit programmes for women in prostitution but is concerned that those are insufficiently funded" (8).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Gender-based violence against women is largely underreported because of the victims’ fear of stigma, retaliation and women’s economic dependence on the perpetrator, as well as their lack of awareness of their rights and how to claim them" (6)."There is a lack of information on long-term shelters and relocation schemes for victims of gender-based violence, and the Isange One Stop Centres are being established at the district level only, which compels many victims to travel long distances to reach them;" (6).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-1

"Data indicate that, from the age of 15 years, girls perform on a daily basis almost six hours more of domestic work than boys of the same age, and such unequal sharing of domestic burdens is accepted by society" (5).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s leading role regarding the participation of women in Parliament, having the largest female representation worldwide, as well as the relatively high representation of women in decision-maling positions, including among provincial governors and in the judiciary. It notes with concern, however, that mandatory quotas have not been reached at the local level and that the representation of women is low at the district level, especially in leadership positions" (8-9).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Law No. 27/2016 of 08 July 2016 governing matrimonial regimes, donations and successions, which explicitly prohibits discrimination between male and female children in successions" (2). "It notes with concern, however, that several discriminatory provisions, such as punishment for marital rape being lower than that for rape, remain in the law, that discriminatory customs continue to be applied, for example in the area of inheritance law, and that there is no comprehensive anti-discrimination law" (3).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee appreciates the efforts made by the State party to prosecute perpetrators of trafficking in persons, in particular women and girls, the implementation of awareness-raising campaigns on the risks of trafficking, and the assistance provided to victims. It also notes that a bill on trafficking is under development. It is, however, concerned about: (a) The relatively low number of prosecutions and convictions of traffickers, inter alia because of insufficient resources allocated to law enforcement; (b) Insufficient prevention efforts, as demonstrated by the reported increase in trafficking in adolescent girls for purposes of sexual slavery under the pretext of offering them opportunities to study or work abroad" (8).more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Organic Law No. 10/20/2013/OL of 11 July 2013 governing political parties and politicians, which prohibits any form of discrimination based on gender, sex, race and religion in political parties" (2). "Law No. 27/2010 of 19 June 2010 relating to elections, which requires that at least 30 per cent of candidates for parliamentary elections on the lists of political parties be women" (2).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee expresses concern about the significant obstacles faced by non-governmental organizations, including the cumbersome registration requirements introduced with Law No. 04/2012 of 17 February 2012 governing the organization and the functioning of national non-governmental organizations and Law No. 05/2012 of 17 February 2012 governing the organization and the functioning of international non-governmental organizations, as well as interference by the Rwanda Governance Board with the appointment of leadership positions in certain non-governmental organizations" (4).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"(d) The incidence of cervical cancer remains high and mental health services are lacking." (11).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: DV-LAW-3, GP-DATA-5

"Law No. 59/2008 of 10 September 2008 on the prevention and punishment of gender-based violence criminalizes the victims’ refusal to testify" (6).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Law No. 43/2013 of 16 June 2013 governing land in Rwanda, which prohibits discrimination based on sex in relation to access to land" (2).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"The Committee welcomes the fact that, since the consideration of the previous report, the State party ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, in 2015" (2).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"While Law No. 59/2008 on the prevention and punishment of gender-based violence provides for equal distribution of commonly owned property in non-formal unions, such co-ownership is difficult to prove for women in non-formal unions in the absence of property certificates" (14).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the introduction of a legal aid system for women and men in vulnerable situations through the Access to Justice Bureaux, which have been established in each district of the State party with specific legal aid desks for women, as well as the establishment of the Isange One Stop Centres, which provide limited legal assistance to women who are victims of gender-based violence. It also notes with appreciation that article 2 of Ministerial Order No. 002/08.11 of 11 February 2014 on court fees in civil, commercial, social and administrative matters exempts claimants from court fees for claims related to gender-based violence against women. It is concerned, however, about...more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"article 205 of the Penal Code criminalizes women in prostitution" (8).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken to address discrimination against women in employment, including through the implementation of Law No. 13/2009 of 27 May 2009 regulating labour in Rwanda, which, inter alia, provides for equal opportunities and equal pay for work of equal value and prohibits discrimination based on sex, marital status or family responsibilities, as well as gender-based violence against women and sexual harassment in the workplace" (10).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about the lack of information about any temporary special measures in place to increase women’s participation in the diplomatic service" (5).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, PW-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-2

"The Committee notes with concern that women in non-formal unions, including women married under customary law or in polygamous unions, lack legal protection, as the law recognizes only civil monogamous marriages between women and men. It notes that, accordingly, women in non-formal relationships have no entitlements to a share of their partner’s assets, including land" (14).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"It is also concerned that: (a) Maternal mortality is further exacerbated by unsafe abortions, to which many women must resort because of the criminalization of abortion, the practice of which is allowed only in exceptional cases with particularly cumbersome requirements, namely the issuance of a court order in cases of rape, incest or forced marriage and the authorization of two doctors, if the health of the pregnant woman or the fetus is in danger, which in practice renders legal abortion inaccessible; (b) An alarming number of women are serving prison sentences for abortion-related offences, many of whom were arrested when seeking emergency health care following abortion complications" (11).more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that the principle of equality between women and men and the prohibition of discrimination on the basis of sex are enshrined in the Constitution. It also welcomes the adoption of anti-discrimination legislation in different areas" (3).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about the lack of information about any temporary special measures in place to increase women’s participation in the diplomatic service and in trade unions, and women’s participation in all sectors of the economy, including agriculture, the horticultural industry, fisheries and cross-border trade" (5). "However, the Committee is concerned about: (a) Women’s occupational segregation, in particular their overrepresentation in the low-paid agricultural and informal sectors, and the relatively higher unemployment rate among women, no matter their level of education; (b) Violence against and the mistreatment of women street vendors by private security personnel, as well as their arrest and detention by the police; (c) The persistence...more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to facilitate women’s access to financial credit, including by establishing the programme for women and youth access to finance (2012-2022). It notes with concern, however, that women are often incapable of providing the guarantees necessary to obtain loans and other forms of credit, as in most households the main assets are controlled by men. It is concerned that women’s unequal access to credit limits their access to or excludes them from different areas of trade" (12). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of a number of legislative measures that have improved gender equality in terms of access to land, in particular...more