The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Saudi Arabia

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Comoros, East Timor, Egypt, Fiji, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Moldova, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

2.0
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The 2009 anti-trafficking law criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed punishments of up to 15 years’ imprisonment, a fine of up to one million Saudi Arabian riyal (SAR) ($266,670), or both; penalties increased under aggravating circumstances, including trafficking committed by an organized criminal group or against a woman, child, or person with disabilities. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. The Council of Ministers’ Decision 166 prohibited withholding workers’ passports as a lesser criminal offense, punishable by fines" (411).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"The government extended to all identified trafficking victims the option of remaining in the country—either in a shelter or via transfer to a new employer—during judicial proceedings, or alternatively an immediate exit visa; these benefits did not require a successful prosecution or cooperation with law enforcement personnel. The government reportedly encouraged victims to assist in the investigation and prosecution of trafficking offenders, and the law entitled trafficking victims to legal assistance, security protection, translation services, and the right to immediate repatriation or continued residence in-country until resolution of the case, in addition to medical and psychological care, shelter, and recovery; as in previous years, it did not report how many...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Saudi Arabia. Men and women—primarily from South and Southeast Asia and Africa—voluntarily migrate to Saudi Arabia to work in a variety of sectors, including construction and domestic service; many of these workers are vulnerable to forced labor (...) In Saudi Arabia, begging by women and children remains a problem and a significant vulnerability to forced labor, with reported upticks during the holy month of Ramadan and the Muslim pilgrimages of Hajj and Umrah. The child beggar population is comprised primarily of unaccompanied migrant children, most heavily from Yemen and Ethiopia, but approximately five percent are...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Saudi Arabia does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; therefore Saudi Arabia was downgraded to Tier 3. Despite the lack of significant efforts, the government took some steps to address trafficking, including by establishing 107 trafficking-specific investigative sub-units within the prosecutorial sector to help identify trafficking cases among existing criminal cases. It launched a new anti-trafficking awareness campaign and continued to employ its Wage Protection System (WPS) to better safeguard domestic workers’ contracts and train relevant officials on the system. However, the government prosecuted and convicted few traffickers, did not report efforts to...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"During the reporting period, officials identified and referred to government-run shelters 113 trafficking victims. This is compared to 121 trafficking victims—including 20 victims of forced labor—the government identified during the previous year. Of these, there were 34 child trafficking victims during the reporting period, one of whom was a Saudi national; the remainder were Yemeni. Victim nationalities included Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Somalia, the Philippines, Ghana, Yemen, Bangladesh, Rwanda, and Sri Lanka" (411).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
July 31, 2019, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"In August a Saudi man was sentenced to 19 months in jail and flogging for chaining his wife, pouring gasoline on her, and setting her ablaze. The woman was permanently scarred and required ongoing treatment for her injuries" (40).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not recognize spousal rape as a crime" (40).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"Under the country’s interpretation and practice of sharia, capital punishment can be imposed for a range of nonviolent offenses, including apostasy, sorcery, and adultery, although in practice death sentences for such offenses were rare and often reduced on appeal" (2).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Basic Law sets out the system of governance, rights of citizens, powers and duties of the government, and provides that the Quran and Sunna (the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad) serve as the country’s constitution" (1). "While sharia as interpreted by the government applies to all citizens and noncitizens, the law and practice discriminate against women, noncitizens, nonpracticing Sunni, Shia, and persons of other religions. For example, in most cases a woman’s testimony before a court counts as only half that of a man’s" (18).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Gender discrimination excluded women from many aspects of public life. Women slowly but increasingly participated in political life, albeit at a disadvantage, in part due to guardianship laws requiring a male guardian’s permission for legal decisions, restrictions on women candidates’ contact with male voters in the 2015 elections, and the ban on women driving, which the government announced would be lifted in 2018" (36). "Women were routinely excluded from formal decision-making positions in both government and the private sector, although some women attained leadership positions in business and served in senior advisory positions within government ministries" (37).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Responsibility for administering the government-supported family- protection shelters was transferred to the Ministry of Labor and Social Development during the year. The HRC received complaints of domestic abuse and referred them to other government offices. The HRC advised complainants and offered legal assistance to some female litigants. The organization provided services for children of female complainants and litigants and distributed publications supporting women’s rights in education, health care, development, and the workplace" (41).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"In 2015 the country held municipal elections on a nonparty basis for two-thirds of the 3,159 seats in the 284 municipal councils around the country. Information on whether the elections met international standards was not available, but independent polling station observers identified no significant irregularities with the elections. For the first time, women were allowed to vote and run as candidates" (1). "Women were allowed to vote and run as candidates for the first time. The voting age was also lowered universally to 18 years. The Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs actively encouraged women’s participation in the municipal elections" (35).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The government generally did not restrict the free movement of male citizens within the country, but it severely restricted the movement of female citizens. While the guardianship system does not require a woman to have the permission of her male guardian (normally a father, husband, son, brother, grandfather, uncle, or other male relative) to move freely within the country, courts sometimes ruled that women should abide by a male guardian’s request to stay at home by 'occasionally upholding a guardian’s right to obedience from his female dependents,' according to an HRW report" (30). "On April 18, King Salman issued a royal decree ordering all government agencies to review their guardianship...more
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In divorce proceedings, women must demonstrate legally specified grounds for divorce, but men can divorce without giving cause. In doing so, men must pay immediately an amount of money agreed at the time of the marriage that serves as a one-time alimony payment" (43).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The National Family Safety Program (NFSP), a quasi-governmental organization under the Ministry of National Guard, was founded in 2005 to spread awareness of and combat domestic violence, including child abuse, and continued to report abuse cases" (40). "To increase awareness, in July 2016 a female lawyer launched an Arabic mobile phone application, 'Know Your Rights'" (41). "The government engaged in news campaigns highlighting the plight of abused workers, trained law enforcement and other officials to combat trafficking in persons, and worked with the embassies of labor-sending countries to disseminate information about labor rights to foreign workers. As in previous years, during Ramadan the HRC broadcast a public awareness program on...more
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Ashraf Fayadh, a Saudi resident of Palestinian origin, continued to serve an eight- year prison term and suffered 800 lashes in February 2016 after a Saudi appellate court upheld the Abha General Court’s verdict finding him guilty of apostasy, spreading atheism, threatening the morals of Saudi society, and having illicit relations with women" (6) He is a male, law applies to men and women (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is a criminal offense under sharia with a wide range of penalties from flogging to execution" (40).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-3

"Women’s rights activist Mariyam al-Otaiby was reportedly detained in April after she left the family house without her male guardian’s permission, and was held 104 days without trial until her release on July 30" (30)
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"There is no regulation requiring equal pay for equal work. In the private sector, the average monthly wage of Saudi women workers was 58 percent of the average monthly wage of Saudi men" (51).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law defines domestic abuse broadly and criminalizes domestic abuse with penalties of one month to one year of imprisonment or a fine of 5,000 to 50,000 riyals ($1,333 to $13,333) unless a court provides a harsher sentence" (40).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"The country had an increasing number of female diplomats. Bureaucratic procedures largely restricted women working in the security services to employment in women’s prisons, at women’s universities, and in clerical positions in police stations, where they were responsible for visually identifying other women for law enforcement purposes" (37).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women were routinely excluded from formal decision-making positions in both government and the private sector, although some women attained leadership positions in business and served in senior advisory positions within government ministries" (36-37).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"Courts award custody of children when they attain a specified age (seven years for boys and nine years for girls) to the divorced husband or the deceased husband’s family. In numerous cases, former husbands prevented divorced noncitizen women from visiting their children" (43).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

The law defines domestic abuse broadly and criminalizes domestic abuse with penalties of one month to one year of imprisonment or a fine of 5,000 to 50,000 riyals ($1,333 to $13,333) unless a court provides a harsher sentence (40).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: VOTE-DATA-2

"In the 2015 municipal elections, women made up less than 10 percent of the final list of registered voters, according to HRW" (36).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-2

"SCC officials sometimes prevented individuals from attending trial sessions for seemingly trivial reasons, such as banning female relatives or diplomats from attending due to the absence of women officers to conduct security inspections of the women upon entry to the courtroom" (17). "The government generally did not restrict the free movement of male citizens within the country, but it severely restricted the movement of female citizens. While the guardianship system does not require a woman to have the permission of her male guardian (normally a father, husband, son, brother, grandfather, uncle, or other male relative) to move freely within the country, courts sometimes ruled that women should abide by a...more
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The government permitted UNHCR-recognized refugees to stay in the country temporarily pending identification of a durable outcome, including third-country resettlement or voluntary repatriation. The government generally did not grant asylum or accept refugees for resettlement from third countries" (32).