The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Saudi Arabia

May 1, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-8

"In Egypt, around 40% of the population marry a cousin; the last survey in Jordan, admittedly way back in 1992, found that 32% were married to a first cousin; a further 17.3% were married to more distant relatives. Rates are thought to be even higher in tribal countries such as Iraq and the Gulf states of Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Kuwait" (para 3). "A small survey in Saudi Arabia found that participants were 50% less likely to view marrying a cousin positively when warned of the problems. 'We wouldn’t have married if we had known,' says Ahmed" (para 7).
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Prince Mohammed is widely seen as the chief architect behind Saudi Arabia's 'Vision 2030' reform programme, which seeks to elevate the percentage of women in the work force from 22 percent to nearly one-third" (para 8).
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"His father, King Salman, in September approved the end of a decades-long ban on driving, which goes into effect in June" (para 6).
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Divorced mothers in Saudi Arabia have won the right to retain custody of their children in the kingdom's latest 'liberal' reform" (para 1). "His father, King Salman, in September approved the end of a decades-long ban on driving, which goes into effect in June" (para 6).
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"Divorced mothers in Saudi Arabia have won the right to retain custody of their children in the kingdom's latest 'liberal' reform...The latest move has seen a relaxing of strict rules that heavily favour male guardianship in the event of divorce. In the past, Saudi women were forced to launch lengthy court battles to win custody after a marriage breakdown. But the Saudi Justice Ministry has now told courts that, provided there is no dispute between parents, a mother is only required to apply for custodianship. But while the move also allows mothers to keep their offsprings' passports, the court memo stops short of giving women the ability to leave the...more
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Under Saudi Arabia's guardianship system, women are required to present proof of permission from a male 'guardian' - normally the husband, father or brother - to do any government paperwork, travel or enrol in classes" (para 11).
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"In February, it emerged that women in Saudi Arabia were now allowed to open their own businesses without the consent of a husband or male relative" (para 9).
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Prince Mohammed is widely seen as the chief architect behind Saudi Arabia's 'Vision 2030' reform programme, which seeks to elevate the percentage of women in the work force from 22 percent to nearly one-third" (para 8). "Saudi Arabia is pushing to expand the country's private sector, including an expansion of female employment under a reform plan for a post-oil era. While women still face a host of restrictions in the ultraconservative Muslim kingdom, Saudi Arabia's public prosecutor's office this month said it would begin recruiting women investigators for the first time. The kingdom has also opened 140 positions for women at airports and border crossings, a historic first that the...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Law of Municipal Councils promulgated by Royal Decree No. M/61 of 4/10/1435 A.H. (1/8/2014), which entitles women to vote and to be elected to municipal councils on a par with men" (21). "Regarding the provision of special protection to working women during pregnancy, the Labour Law, article 149, prohibits the employment of women in dangerous jobs, harmful industries and activities harmful to health or liable to expose women to specific hazards. Article 151 of the same law prohibits women from working for six weeks after they give birth" (40). "The Labour Law, article 122...prohibits the employment of women in hazardous jobs or hamful industries" (40). "Minister of Labour Decision No....more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

“The Islamic Sharia permits polygamy according to specific rules, which address certain social problems, such as widowhood, spinsterhood, etc. Under the Islamic Sharia, fairness is a basic requirement that must be met in order to permit multiple wives” (50).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Under the regulations, an employer may not assign a domestic worker to perform work that is not agreed in the contract or that endangers the worker's health or harms his/her dignity; nor may the worker be assigned to work for a third party. The regulations require the employer to: pay the worker the agreed wage at the end of each month without delay, with written documentation of the worker's receipt of the monthly wage; provide appropriate housing for the domestic worker; provide a daily rest and weekly break for the worker as agreed by the two parties; provide paid sick leave in the event of an illness; provide paid leave...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: WR-LAW-1

"If her husband dies, the law grants her leave for the Iddah (legally prescribed waiting period during which a woman may not remarry after being widowed) of four months and 10 days from the date of death" (39).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Saudi laws guarantee all citizens the right to a free education without discrimination" (35).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The relevant authorities are currently studying the establishment of the minimum age for the marriage of girls and boys. Article 16 (3) of the implementing regulation of the Child Protection Law states, 'Before concluding a marriage contract, it is necessary to acetain that the marriage of a persion under the age of 18 does not harm the persion and will achieve the best interest of the persion, whether the persion is a male or female'" (50).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Numerous legislative and non-legislative measures have been taken to empower women and strengthen protection of women's rights, particularly the following…Minister of Labour Decision No. 2370/1 of 18/19/1431 A.H. (28/8/2010) stipulating the 'prohibition of wage discrimination between male and female workers for work of equal value'" (21-22). "The laws of the Kingdom guarentee the right to work without discrimination" (37). "Regarding equal opportunity, hiring criteria, wage equality and social security, article 1 of the Civil Service Law, which regulates labour in the public sector, states, 'Ability shall be the basis for the selection of employees to hold public positions'. All male and female public-sector employees are subject to the same laws...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"Law of Municipal Councils promulgated by Royal Decree No. M/61 of 4/10/1435 A.H. (1/8/2014), which entitles women to vote" (21). "All Saudi citizens, both male and female, are entitled to participate in public and political life in the Kingdom through participation in decision-making, voting and standing for elections" (32). "There are no legal provisions prohibiting women from exercising the right to vote. There are no legal provisions prohibiting women from exercising the right to vote or stand for elected office. The Municipal Elections Law, which the Committee mentions in paragraph 16 of its list of issues and questions with regard to the consideration of periodic reports, establishes the equal right...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"Saudi laws provide Saudi women with opportunities to represent the government at the regional and international levels through their work in Saudi embassies, consulates and missions and through their participation in Saudi delegations to regional and international conferences, forums and machineries. Many women who are qualified to work in Saudi embassies and representations abroad have joined the Diplomatic Corps. Eighty-one Saudi women held diplomatic posts in 2014 compared to none in 2008. There were 108 female employees enrolled in advanced studies programmes and training programmes in 2014 compared to 34 in 2008. Saudi women have been appointed to international posts in an unprecedented manner. For example, a Saudi woman held...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“Cabinet Decision No. 129 of 12/5/1425 A.H. (30/6/2004), which provides for: (1) Government agencies that license engagement in economic activity to receive the applications of women to obtain the necessary licenses to engage in economic activities…(3) Allocation and preparation by the relevant agencies of land or areas within cities and for the construction of industrial enterprises that employee women. (4) Formation by the Council of Saudi Chambers of Commerce and Industry of a women’s committee comprising persons with expertise and competence” (11-12). "Royal Order No. A/121 of 2/7/1432 A.H. (4/6/2011). This order covers programmes, procedures and directives designed to open up employment opportunities for Saudi women in the industrial, economic...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The unemployment rate is 5.60 percent among Saudi males and 33.80 per cent among Saudi females" (41).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GP-DATA-5

“Royal Order No. 8382 of 28/10/1429 A.H. (28/10/2008) approving recommendations concerning women’s rights, particularly...(2) Creation of women’s divisions in the courts and notary offices under the supervision of an independent women’s department in the main agency" (11). "Royal Order No. 8382/MB of 28/10/1429 A.H. (28/10/2008) approving the recommendations of the committee formed to study impediments to women's access to the judiciary. These recommendations include creating women's divisions in the courts and notary offices" (22). “Regulatory measures have also been adapted regarding personal status matters, including…Minister of Justice Decision No. 991/5 of 18/11/1434 A.H. (24/9/2013), which provides for the creation of social services offices in all Saudi courts to provide social...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

“Saudi Arabia has ratified or acceded to the following rights treaties under the Royal Decrees mentioned below…Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography” (14). "all acts of prostitution are criminalized at the national level based on the provisions of the Islamic Sharia" (31).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Constitution, Basic Law of Governance and laws emanating therefrom affirm gender equality as explained above in the response concerning article 1 of the Convention" (48).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"The Ninth Development Plan (2009-2014) has achieved a number of objectives concerning women, including empowering Saudi women to participate in achieving development objectives" (25). "Women participate effectively in the social service and development centres. These centres are social institutions under the supervision of the Ministry of Labour and Social Development. They seek to: develop local communities in the social, health, vocational and economic fields; generate social change; increase household income by encouraging families to produce and rationalize household expenditures; provide opportunities for women to participate positively; help eliminate illiteracy; and conduct the social research and studies required for the activities and services of the centres" (33). "The social development centres...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GP-DATA-1

“The committee includes male and female members of the Consultative Council. Seventy per cent of its members are women” (18). The Consultative Council is a council in the legislative branch concerned with human rights (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). “The General Educational Evaluation Commission was established under Cabinet Decision No. 120 of 22/4/1434 A.H. (23/2/2014). The commission is an independent legal entity that has administrative and financial independence. It employs many women in leadership posts and is organizationally subordinate to the Prime Minister” (18).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Cabinent Decision No. 192 of 3/6/1431 A.H. (17/5/2010)…seeks to address the situation of Saudi children abroad who are neglected and indigent because their father disavows them or is estranged from them. It requires the father to rectify the situations of such children according to the instructions issue for this purpose if the father acknowledges the children. If the father is unable to provide for the children's expenses, the children are referred to the Charitable Society for the Care of Saudi Families Abroad or a similar association. The association allocates a monthly sum to such families. If a father diavows or is alienated from his children, the mother must submit document...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"Saudi Arabia has ratified or acceded to the following rights treaties under the Royal Decrees mentioned below…Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention on Combating Transnational Organized Crime (2000)...Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography" (14).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"The following indicators show the magnitude of this improvement and its effect on women's health in particular…A decline in the rate of maternal mortality during birth from 48 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 14 in 2014" (42).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Law on Protection from Abuse was promulgated by Royal Decree No. M/52 of 15/11/1434 A.H. (20/09/2013). It is a key part of the national framework for combating various forms of abuse that may be encountered by groups in society. The law is intended to: guarentee protection from abuse of various types; provide assistance and treatment; provide shelter and social, psychological and health care; provide for the adoption of the necessary legal measures to hold accountable and punish perpetrators of abuse; and spread awareness in society of the concept and effects of abuse" (8-9). “Royal Order No. 8382 of 28/10/1429 A.H. (28/10/2008) approving recommendations concerning women’s rights, particularly…(2) Creation of...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"All health laws and procedures in effect in the Kingdom guarentee women the right to receive health care. There is no restrictive condition on the exercise of this right, which is guarenteed to foreign women residing in the Kingdom through the cooperative health insurance system and other relevant systems" (41). "A woman's health early detection clinic that provides mobile services - including early detection of diabetes, high blood pressure and osteoporosis - and raises health awareness. Implementation of this programme began in October 2014. As of March 2016, 6,089 women have received examinations to detect diabetes, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, and early mammogram detection of breast cancer. In addition, 274,272...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: SRACE-LAW-1

"Women are able to engage in sports and recreational activities" (46).