The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Senegal

July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5

"Women represent 52 percent of the population, but they perform 90 percent of domestic work and 85 percent of agricultural work" (page 24).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The code considers men to be heads of household, preventing women from taking legal responsibility for their children. In addition, any childhood benefits are paid to the father" (page 16).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Infanticide, usually due to poverty or embarrassment, continued to be a problem. In some cases, women’s families shamed them into killing their babies. Domestic workers and rural women working in cities sometimes killed their newborns if they could not care for them. Others, married to men working outside the country, killed their infants out of shame. According to the African Assembly for the Defense of Human Rights, infanticide also occurred when a woman became pregnant with the child of a man from a prohibited occupational caste" (page 18).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, which is punishable by five to 10 years’ imprisonment. Nevertheless, the government rarely enforced the law, and rape was widespread. The law does not address spousal rape. The law allows the common practice of using a woman’s sexual history to defend men accused of rape. The law criminalizes assaults and provides for punishment of one to five years in prison and a fine" (page 14-15). "The law provides that convicted sexual abusers of children receive five to 10 years’ imprisonment. If the offender is a family member, the maximum is applied" (page 18).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape, which is punishable by five to 10 years’ imprisonment. Nevertheless, the government rarely enforced the law, and rape was widespread . . . NGOs also criticized the government’s failure to permit associations to bring suits on behalf of victims and the lack of shield laws for rape . . . The Ministry of Justice is responsible for combating domestic violence, but did not made public any programs to address rape and domestic violence" (page 14-15).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. Nevertheless, women faced pervasive discrimination, especially in rural areas where traditional customs and discriminatory rules of inheritance, were strongest" (page 15-16). "While women legally have equal access to land, traditional practices made it difficult for women to purchase property in rural areas. Many women had access to land only through their husbands, and the security of their rights depended on maintaining the relationship with their husbands. In addition rural councils--where women often were underrepresented--allocated most land" (page 16). "According to women’s rights groups and officials from the Ministry of Women, Family, and Childhood, child marriage...more
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

"Women represent 52 percent of the population" (page 24).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2010 the government passed a gender parity law requiring the candidate lists of political parties to contain equal numbers of men and women for elected positions at all levels, from city councils to the National Assembly" (page 12-13).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"The actual incidence of domestic violence, which many citizens considered a normal part of life, was thought to be much higher than the number of cases reported" (page 15).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (page 15).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Girls encountered greater difficulties in continuing in school beyond the elementary level. Sexual harassment by school staff and early pregnancy also caused the departure of girls from school. Many parents opted to keep their middle- and high-school-aged daughters home to work or to marry rather than sending them to school, where predatory teachers could ruin their reputations and future marriage prospects" (page 16-17).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"According to a 2015 UN report, approximately 16 percent of women in detention in 2013 were imprisoned for infanticide. Moreover, infanticide represented 64 percent of the grounds for imprisonment of girls ages 13 to 18, according to the UN report" (page 18-19).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not address spousal rape" (page 14).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Girls encountered greater difficulties in continuing in school beyond the elementary level. Sexual harassment by school staff and early pregnancy also caused the departure of girls from school. Many parents opted to keep their middle- and high-school-aged daughters home to work or to marry rather than sending them to school, where predatory teachers could ruin their reputations and future marriage prospects. In recent years, however, there has been significant progress in reducing gender disparity at the middle- and high-school level" (page 16-17).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"During the 35-year Casamance conflict, thousands of persons left villages in the region due to fighting, forced removal, and land mines. Some international humanitarian assistance agencies estimated the number could be as high as 20,000. During the year IDPs continued to return to their villages. The law provides for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. Since the president must approve each case, delays of one to two years in granting refugee status remained a problem. The government generally granted refugee status or asylum and provided refugees with food and nonfood assistance in coordination with UNHCR and NGOs....more
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Procuring a minor for prostitution is punishable by imprisonment for two to five years and a fine of 300,000 to four million CFA francs ($551 to $7,352). If the crime involves a victim younger than 13, the maximum penalty is applied. The law was not effectively enforced, but when cases were referred to law enforcement, authorities conducted follow-up investigations" (page 18). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor" (page 22).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: VOTE-DATA-2

"Approximately 53 percent of voters cast ballots, a significant increase from the 36 percent who cast ballots in the previous legislative election in 2012" (page 12).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is acquired by birth or naturalization. In 2013 the government passed legislation which provides for equal rights for mothers and fathers automatically to transmit citizenship to their children. The law does not make birth declaration mandatory" (page 16).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS, and the government and NGOs conducted HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns to increase social acceptance of persons with HIV or AIDS. Nevertheless, human rights activists reported HIV-positive individuals and those with AIDS suffered from social stigma due to the widespread belief that such status indicated homosexuality. HIV-positive men sometimes refrained from taking antiretroviral drugs due to fear their families would discover their sexual orientation" (page 21).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"Pornography is prohibited, and pornography involving children under age 16 is considered pedophilia and punishable by up to two years’ imprisonment and fines of up to 300,000 CFA francs ($551)" (page 18).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government-run Ginddi Center in Dakar provided shelter to women and girls who were survivors of rape or early and forced marriage, and to street children" (page 15).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (page 12).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for tuition-free, compulsory education for children between ages six and 16, although many children did not attend school due to lack of resources or available facilities" (page 16).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Many parents opted to keep their middle- and high-school-aged daughters home to work or to marry rather than sending them to school, where predatory teachers could ruin their reputations and future marriage prospect" (page 16-17). "By law women have the right to choose when and whom they marry, but traditional practices restricted a woman’s choice. The law prohibits the marriage of girls younger than 16, but this law generally was not enforced in most communities where marriages were arranged. Under certain conditions a judge may grant a special dispensation to a man to marry a girl below the age of consent. According to women’s rights groups and officials from the...more
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"By law women have the right to choose when and whom they marry, but traditional practices restricted a woman’s choice. The law prohibits the marriage of girls younger than 16, but this law generally was not enforced in most communities where marriages were arranged. Under certain conditions a judge may grant a special dispensation to a man to marry a girl below the age of consent. According to women’s rights groups and officials from the Ministry of Women, Family, and Childhood, child marriage was a significant problem, particularly in the more rural areas in the south, east, and northeast. The ministry conducted educational campaigns to address the problem. In November...more
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"The law allows the common practice of using a woman’s sexual history to defend men accused of rape" (page 14).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the marriage of girls younger than 16, but this law generally was not enforced in most communities where marriages were arranged. Under certain conditions a judge may grant a special dispensation to a man to marry a girl below the age of consent" (page 18).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law mandates prison terms of five months to three years and fines of 50,000 to 500,000 CFA francs ($92 to $919) for sexual harassment, but the problem was widespread. The government did not effectively enforce the law" (page 15).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CUST-LAW-1, ATFPA-LAW-1

"The family code’s definition of paternal rights also remained an obstacle to equality between men and women. The code considers men to be heads of household, preventing women from taking legal responsibility for their children. In addition, any childhood benefits are paid to the father. Women can become the legal head of household only if the husband formally renounces his authority before authorities or if he is unable to act as head of household" (page 16).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to women’s rights groups and officials from the Ministry of Women, Family, and Childhood, child marriage was a significant problem, particularly in the more rural areas in the south, east, and northeast. The ministry conducted educational campaigns to address the problem. In November the government dissolved 12 child marriages in the region of Kolda. For additional information, see Appendix C" (page 18).