The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Serbia

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Guyana, Iceland, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Laos, Latvia, Macedonia, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, South Sudan, Suriname, Switzerland, Tanzania, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

1.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Article 388 of the criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties ranging from two to 12 years’ imprisonment for offenses involving an adult victim, and three to 12 years’ imprisonment for those involving a child victim. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with those for serious crimes, such as rape" (416).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"The government provided foreign victims temporary residence permits renewable up to one year and passed a law allowing potential victims to stay in Serbia for three months; one victim received a residence permit (two in 2017) and two victims had their residence permits extended. Two additional victims identified in the migrant population were granted asylum. The government penalized victims for crimes committed as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking, particularly forced criminality" (417).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Serbia, and traffickers exploit victims from Serbia abroad. Traffickers exploit Serbian women in sex trafficking in Serbia, in neighboring countries, and throughout Europe, particularly Austria, Germany, Italy, and Turkey. Traffickers exploit Serbian nationals, primarily men, in forced labor in labor-intensive sectors, such as the construction industry, in European countries (including Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Italy, Montenegro, and Russia) and the United Arab Emirates. Traffickers exploit Serbian children, particularly Roma, within the country in sex trafficking, forced labor, forced begging, and petty crime. Foreign victims identified in Serbia were from Albania, Cameroon, Denmark, Nigeria, and...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Serbia does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Serbia remained on Tier 2. These efforts included convicting more traffickers, creating a trafficking task force, and consolidating the investigative jurisdiction of trafficking cases under the Criminal Police Directorate (CPD). The government identified more victims and opened the urgent reception center after a delay of five years. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. The government continued to lack formal victim identification procedures, and the national referral...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government identified 76 victims (40 in 2017). Of these, 34 were victims of sex trafficking, 18 of forced labor, two for forced begging, one for forced criminality, and 21 for multiple types of exploitation (21 were victims of sex trafficking, four of forced labor, four of forced begging, one of forced criminality, and 10 of multiple types of exploitation in 2017). Thirty-two victims were children (18 in 2017) and 57 were female and 19 were male (36 females and four males in 2017). First responders referred 193 potential victims (142 in 2017) to the government’s Center for Protection of Trafficking Victims (CPTV); law enforcement referred 89 (44 in 2017),...more
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

2.0
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence is punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment. While the law provides women the right to obtain a restraining order against abusers, the government did not enforce the law effectively. The Council against Family Violence reported that 19 women were killed in family violence through July. The Law on the Prevention of Family Violence came into effect on June 1. The law strengthens protective measures for domestic violence victims by temporarily removing the perpetrator from a home from a minimum of 48 hours to a maximum of 30 days. It also requires that police, prosecutors’ offices, courts, and social welfare centers maintain an electronic database on individual cases...more
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"The Council against Family Violence reported that 19 women were killed in family violence through July" (page 22). "The Ministry of Justice reported that from June 1 until October 31, there were 17,000 cases of domestic violence reported, and courts issued 6,000 rulings to extend emergency measures, including removing the perpetrators of violence from family homes" (page 23). "According to media reports, children were victims of family and peer abuse, as well as cyber bullying and online harassment. According to UNICEF, one in three two-year-olds was beaten by his or her parents" (page 24).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage" (page 17).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, but the government did not always respect these laws" (page 24).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is a crime punishable by imprisonment for up to six months in cases that do not involve domestic abuse or a power relationship and for up to one year for abuse of a subordinate or dependent. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (page 23). "Labor laws prohibit direct and indirect discrimination in employment and occupation and the government enforced these laws with varying degrees of effectiveness" (page 32). "The law provides for equal pay, but employers frequently did not observe these provisions" (page 33).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is punishable by up to 40 years in prison. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (page 22). "Mental Disability Rights Initiative of Serbia research from late 2016 showed that women with disabilities in residential institutions were exposed to various forms of violence, including physical, psychological, sexual, and genderbased violence. Results also showed that, due to their very specific position and isolation from the outside world, a majority of women accepted violence as an inevitable part of their daily lives in institutions" (page 26).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"While the law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and the government enforced the law, both activities occurred. Evidence was limited, and the extent of the problem was unknown" (page 24).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"A study by the Center for Free Elections and Democracy found discrimination was most frequent in hiring and employment, with the state and its institutions as the major discriminators. The law provides for equal pay, but employers frequently did not observe these provisions. Women earned on average 20 percent less per month than their male counterparts, their career advancement was slower, and they were underrepresented in most professions" (page 33).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3, MISA-PRACTICE-1, LRW-DATA-1

"Mental Disability Rights Initiative of Serbia research from late 2016 showed that women with disabilities in residential institutions were exposed to various forms of violence, including physical, psychological, sexual, and genderbased violence. Results also showed that, due to their very specific position and isolation from the outside world, a majority of women accepted violence as an inevitable part of their daily lives in institutions" (page 26).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits forced and compulsory labor. The law also prohibits all forms of labor trafficking and “slavery or a relationship similar to slavery.” The government enforced the law, but forced labor still occurred" (page 31).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution prohibits forced and compulsory labor. The law also prohibits all forms of labor trafficking and “slavery or a relationship similar to slavery.” The government enforced the law, but forced labor still occurred. . . . Penalties for violations were generally sufficient to deter violations." (page 31). "Resources, inspections, and remediation were not adequate to enforce the law effectively in both the formal and informal sectors. The law provides penalties for parents or guardians who force a minor to engage in begging, excessive labor, or labor incompatible with his or her age, but it was inconsistently enforced" (page 32).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"In June, Ana Brnabic, an LGBTI businessperson, became prime minister of the new government, making her the first openly LGBTI prime minister" (page 30).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence is punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment. While the law provides women the right to obtain a restraining order against abusers, the government did not enforce the law effectively. The Council against Family Violence reported that 19 women were killed in family violence through July. The Law on the Prevention of Family Violence came into effect on June 1. The law strengthens protective measures for domestic violence victims by temporarily removing the perpetrator from a home from a minimum of 48 hours to a maximum of 30 days. It also requires that police, prosecutors’ offices, courts, and social welfare centers maintain an electronic database on individual cases...more
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Of 165 Romani women interviewed, 150 said they were married before the age of 18 or were forced into marriage by their family at 18" (page 24).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (page 18).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The constitution prohibits forced and compulsory labor. The law also prohibits all forms of labor trafficking and “slavery or a relationship similar to slavery.” The government enforced the law, but forced labor still occurred. Serbian nationals, particularly men, were subjected to labor trafficking in labor-intensive sectors, such as the construction industry in Russia, other European countries, and the United Arab Emirates. Penalties for violations were generally sufficient to deter violations. A number of children, primarily from the Roma community, were forced to engage in begging, theft, other forms of labor, and even commercial sexual activities" (page 31). "With regard to the worst forms of child labor, traffickers subjected children to...more
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"According to labor force survey data, informal employment represented 22.1 percent of total employment in the second quarter of the year. Independent estimates suggested the informal sector may represent up to 30 percent of the economy" (page 33-34).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Ethnic discrimination and economic hardship discouraged some children from attending school. In Romani and poor rural communities, girls were likely to quit school earlier than boys" (page 24).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education was free through the secondary level, but compulsory only from preschool through age 15" (page 24).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is punishable by up to 40 years in prison. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (page 22).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides for equal pay, but employers frequently did not observe these provisions. Women earned on average 20 percent less per month than their male counterparts, their career advancement was slower, and they were underrepresented in most professions" (page 33).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18. A court can allow a minor older than 16 to marry if the minor is mature enough to 'enjoy the rights and fulfill the responsibilities of marriage'" (page 24).