The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Singapore

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The 2015 Prevention of Human Trafficking Act (PHTA) criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment and fines up to 100,000 Singapore dollars (SGD) ($73,480), which were sufficiently stringenT and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. In addition, Article 140 of the Women’s Charter criminalized forced prostitution involving detention or physical force and Article 141 criminalized the movement of women and girls for “trafficking” but did not define this term. Penalties prescribed for these offenses included a maximum of five years’ imprisonment, which were lower than the penalties available under the anti-trafficking law....more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"The government allocated funding for an NGO to provide victims with trauma recovery and safe resettlement services including counseling and medical care, skill development, legal support, employment, and assistance with resettlement in the victim’s home country (...) NGOs reported they offered victims of trafficking pro bono legal assistance to pursue civil court claims for restitution; all victims declined this offer in 2018. The government did not provide long-term alternatives to removal to countries where victims may face hardship or retribution" (424).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit foreign victims in Singapore (…) Traffickers compel victims into sex trafficking or forced labor through threats of forced repatriation without pay, restrictions on movement, physical and sexual abuse, and withholding wages and travel documents, such as passports (...) Foreign women sometimes arrive in Singapore with the intention of engaging in prostitution, but under the threat of serious harm or other forms of coercion, they become victims of sex trafficking. Some fishing vessel captains engage in forced labor by using physical abuse to force men to perform labor on long-haul boats that transit or dock at Singaporean ports. A small number...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Singapore does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Singapore remained on Tier 2. These efforts included implementing a new work permit condition by which employers of foreign domestic workers agree not to retain any money belonging to the domestic worker. It also altered the work permit system to allow employers or recruitment agents to open a fee-free bank account on behalf of the employee for electronic salary payment, which resulted in more than 60,000 accounts opened. The government identified more trafficking...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government reported identifying 32 potential trafficking victims (nine sex and 23 labor trafficking victims), an increase compared with 20 potential victims (eight sex trafficking victims and 12 labor trafficking victims) in 2017" (424).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China, Comoros, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Georgia, Ghana, Indonesia, Israel, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Suriname, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

3.0
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Muslim women are required to present some form of admissible evidence in order to be able to file for divorce, and their testimony alone is insufficient to prove grounds for divorce, while Muslim men may unilaterally repudiate a marriage without any condition or reason" (12).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Sex education in public schools is based on abstinence until marriage, with limited information provided about sexual and reproductive health and rights, including the use of contraception and the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases" (7).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned that the State party continues to be a destination and transit country for trafficking in women and girls for purposes of sexual and labour exploitation" (6).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Women’s Charter (Amendment) Act 2016, which enables married and divorced women and men below 21 years of age to seek protection from family violence for themselves and their children" (2). "The Committee remains concerned about… The lack of legislative reforms made since the previous review, in 2011, to effectively criminalize domestic violence... The disproportionately high burden of proof required when married or divorced women apply for personal protection orders because of marital abuse and domestic violence, and the fact that women who are not married cannot apply for personal protection orders as a consequence of intimate partner violence" (5).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women still remain underrepresented in traditionally male dominated fields of study, such as engineering, electronics and information technology, at the tertiary level" (7). "The Committee welcomes the initiatives introduced by the State party to reconcile the private and professional lives of women, such as the WorkPro scheme, which provides financial incentives to employers to implement flexible work arrangements, leave schemes to support parents, the establishment of more childcare facilities and the extension of maternity leave to unmarried women" (8). "The Committee remains concerned about reports of the low number of applications for protection orders under the Act owing to costly and burdensome procedures and about the lack of effective implementation...more
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Prevention of Human Trafficking Act 2014, which criminalizes trafficking in persons, especially women and girls, for the purposes of sexual exploitation, forced labour or trade in organs" (2). "The lack of definition, in the Prevention of Human Trafficking Act 2014, of key terms relating to trafficking, such as forced labour, deception and coercion, which hinders the effective identification of victims and perpetrators... The absence of legislation regulating the foreign bride trade, which may involve trafficking in women and girls" (6).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Employment, Parental Leave and Other Measures Act 2013, which extends maternity protection to the full duration of pregnancy… The Committee notes with appreciation the initiatives taken by the State party to promote gender equality and protect the rights of women, such as the introduction of two weeks of paid paternity leave" (2). "The Committee welcomes the initiatives introduced by the State party to reconcile the private and professional lives of women, such as the WorkPro scheme, which provides financial incentives to employers to implement... the establishment of more childcare facilities and the extension of maternity leave to unmarried women" (8).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"The absence of legislation regulating the foreign bride trade, which may involve trafficking in women and girls" (6).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee remains concerned about… The lack of legislative reforms made since the previous review, in 2011, to effectively criminalize… marital rape and ensure that the definition of rape includes any non consensual sexual act" (5).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, AW-LAW-1

"While noting the position of the State party that, as a small, densely populated city State with limited land, it is not in a position to accept refugees, the Committee remains concerned about the lack of national asylum and refugee legislation and procedures, including for ensuring respect for the principle of non refoulement, and that refugees and asylum seekers remain in detention until a durable solution is identified" (11).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"Women continue to be underrepresented in… the judiciary, the police and the diplomatic service, in particular at decision making levels" (7).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The lack of access to sufficient measures of support and protection on the part of victims of trafficking, including to the right to opportunities for decent work, shelters providing adequate services to victims and physical and psychosocial recovery services and facilities" (6).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures adopted by the State party to encourage fathers to break out of traditional roles and stereotypes to embrace greater parenting responsibilities. Nevertheless, the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes about the role of women as primary caregivers, including as caregivers of older persons, and the continued use of the concept of “head of household”, which reflects a hierarchical view of the family" (4).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"With regard to civil marriages, a girl under 18 years of age may marry with parental consent, a special marriage licence and permission from the Ministry of Social and Family Development... and a kadi (official of religious standing) may solemnize the marriage of a girl under the age of 18 years who has attained puberty" (12).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LR-DATA-1, AFE-DATA-1

"The Committee commends the State party for the progress made in the education of girls and women, as reflected in their high levels of literacy and educational attainment" (7).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Women still remain underrepresented in traditionally male dominated fields of study, such as engineering, electronics and information technology, at the tertiary level" (7).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Protection from Harassment Act, which strengthens protection from harassment within and outside the workplace, in 2014" (2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Protection from Harassment Act in 2014, as well as the issuance of the Tripartite Advisory on Managing Workplace Harassment in 2015" (9).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned about..The underreporting of cases of gender based violence against women, including domestic and sexual violence, owing to stigma and to the lack of understanding of gender based violence among both the population at large and law enforcement officials... The disproportionately high burden of proof required when married or divorced women apply for personal protection orders because of marital abuse and domestic violence, and the fact that women who are not married cannot apply for personal protection orders as a consequence of intimate partner violence" (5).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned that the State party continues to be a destination and transit country for trafficking in women and girls for purposes of sexual and labour exploitation" (6). "There are ongoing allegations that many women who are migrant domestic workers continue to be exploited and abused by their employers through actions that include non payment of salary, deprivation of food and adequate rest, confiscation of personal items, such as mobile phones and passports, restrictions on freedom of movement and refusal to pay medical expenses, as well as sexual, physical, verbal and psychological abuse" (9).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Under the Act, a woman may not marry without a wali (male next of kin)… A Muslim man may marry up to four women without the consent of his existing wives" (12).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"In accordance with the Act, male beneficiaries are favoured in matters of inheritance" (12).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"The Committee notes the progress made in the representation of women in Parliament, as well as the appointment of the first female President in 2017" (7).