The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Slovakia

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"As reported by GRETA, the law outlined a narrow interpretation of the non-punishment of victims, giving prosecutors discretion to terminate criminal prosecution only for offenses committed by negligence and offenses carrying a maximum sentence of imprisonment of five years; it did not cover administrative offenses" (428).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Section 179 of the criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of four to 10 years’ imprisonment. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Section 246 of the old criminal code was also utilized during the reporting period to prosecute offenses which occurred before the new code went into effect; it prescribed penalties of three to 10 years’ imprisonment for offenses involving a victim over 15 years of age, and five to 12 years’ imprisonment for those involving a victim under the age of 15" (426).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"The government offered repatriation services for foreign victims, but it did not repatriate any victims in the reporting period" (427).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Slovakia, and traffickers exploit victims from Slovakia abroad. Traffickers exploit Slovak men and women in forced labor in agriculture and construction in Western Europe, primarily the UK. Traffickers exploit Slovak women in sex trafficking in Austria, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, the UK, and other European countries, as well as the United States. NGOs report Bulgarian, Filipino, Moldovan, Romanian, Serbian, Thai, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese men and women are vulnerable to forced labor in Slovakia and may be unable or afraid to seek assistance from authorities" (428).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of the Slovak Republic, or Slovakia, does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included implementing a new victim protection law, approving a new national program to fight trafficking, granting full medical treatment to all trafficking victims, and issuing a brochure on trafficking for temporary workers. However, these efforts were not serious and sustained compared to the efforts during the previous reporting period. Convictions decreased and Slovak courts suspended every convicted traffickers’ sentence, resulting in none of them spending time in prison. The government identified fewer victims, and authorities did not adequately identify foreign...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government identified 46 victims (75 in 2017 and 32 in 2016). NGOs identified an additional 10. Of the 56 total victims identified, 34 were female (including two foreign nationals and 12 children) and 22 were male. Forced begging was the most common form of trafficking, with 24 cases reported by police, followed by sex trafficking (17 victims, including seven children), forced labor (seven victims), forced marriage and domestic servitude (six victims, including five children), forced marriage for the purposes of exploitation, and sex trafficking (two child victims); some cases included multiple forms of exploitation" (427).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

2.0
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape and sexual violence carry basic penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment. The law establishes 15 years as the minimum age for consensual sex" (p. 16).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"A 2012 government study showed that 23 percent of 13- to 15-year-old persons suffered physical abuse and 7 percent suffered sexual abuse. Domestic abuse carries basic penalties of three to eight years’ imprisonment. As of September, police reported 376 cases of domestic abuse of minors" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law defines sexual harassment as unlawful discrimination, subject to civil penalties. Victims usually avoided legal action due to fear of reprisal, lengthy court proceedings, and lack of accessible legal services" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Rape victims had access to shelters and counseling offered by NGOs and government-funded programs" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape and sexual violence, which carry a penalty of five to 25 years in prison" (p. 14).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18. In exceptional cases, based upon request of one of the marrying couple, a competent court may allow marriage of a person as young as 16, if both parents consent" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"As of August police had identified 350 domestic violence cases, up from 284 during the same period in 2016" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically define spousal rape, but the criminal code covers spousal rape and spousal sexual violence under the crime of rape and sexual violence" (p.14).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence against women is punishable by three to eight years’ imprisonment" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods. Roma women continued to pursue compensation through the courts for involuntary sterilization, and NGOs called on the government to establish an independent investigative body to determine the scope of the practice" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"33 percent of entrepreneurs were female" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"A 2015 Eurobarometer survey estimated the gender pay gap in the country at 20 percent" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"In May the Spisska Nova Ves district court awarded compensation of 16,000 euros ($19,200) to a Romani woman involuntarily sterilized while giving birth" (p. 2).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The production, distribution, or possession of child pornography is a crime with penalties ranging from two to 20 years’ imprisonment" (p. 16).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"In addition to prohibiting trafficking in persons, the law prohibits the prostitution of children" (p. 16).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children acquire citizenship by birth to at least one citizen parent, regardless of where the child is born" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Women from marginalized Romani communities were transported to the United Kingdom by force or deception to marry foreign citizens attempting to avoid deportation by marrying an EU citizen, and might consequently have been subjected to trafficking in persons" (p. 15).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the creation of a programme to support and protect the victims of trafficking in persons and the establishment of an information centre on efforts to combat trafficking in persons and crime prevention in 2008, but notes with concern: (a) The ineffective identification of victims of trafficking in persons and the lenient sentencing of perpetrators, including many suspended sentences; (b) The lack of comprehensive disaggregated data on sexual exploitation, including forced prostitution; (c) The greater vulnerability of Roma women and girls to trafficking, including internal trafficking, for the purposes of sexual exploitation" (6).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Committee welcomes the amendment of the Anti-Discrimination Act to explicitly define sexual harassment as a form of discrimination and introduce affirmative action on the grounds of sex and gender. The Committee remains concerned, however, that the amendment did not introduce a substantive change to the basic provisions of the Act. The definition of discrimination as ‘any action or omission where one person is treated less favourably than another person’ and the principle of equal treatment provided under the Act are not consistent with the principle of substantive equality on the grounds of sex, as defined in articles 1 and 2 of the Convention" (2).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the amendment to the Anti-Discrimination Act enabled not only public institutions but all legal entities, including private companies, to take affirmative action and expanded the scope of affirmative action to address disadvantages resulting from gender discrimination. The Committee is, nevertheless, concerned that the affirmative action taken under the Act reflects a limited understanding and application of the concept of temporary special measures in the State party" (4). "The Committee notes the amendment to the Labour Code in 2011 to provide for the equal treatment of women and men in employment and an increase in the representation of women on corporate boards, but is concerned: (a) That...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"That there have been vigorous campaigns by non-State actors, including religious and civic organizations, the media and politicians, advocating traditional family values, overemphasizing the roles of women as mothers and caretakers and criticizing gender equality as 'gender ideology'" (5). "Committee is further concerned at the recent resurgence of the negative discourse by political leaders, private organizations and religious groups and of violence directed against Roma women and women belonging to other ethnic minority groups, migrant, refugee and asylum-seeking women and lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex women" (12).