The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Slovakia

July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape and sexual violence carry basic penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment. The law establishes 15 years as the minimum age for consensual sex" (p. 16).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"A 2012 government study showed that 23 percent of 13- to 15-year-old persons suffered physical abuse and 7 percent suffered sexual abuse. Domestic abuse carries basic penalties of three to eight years’ imprisonment. As of September, police reported 376 cases of domestic abuse of minors" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law defines sexual harassment as unlawful discrimination, subject to civil penalties. Victims usually avoided legal action due to fear of reprisal, lengthy court proceedings, and lack of accessible legal services" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Rape victims had access to shelters and counseling offered by NGOs and government-funded programs" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape and sexual violence, which carry a penalty of five to 25 years in prison" (p. 14).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18. In exceptional cases, based upon request of one of the marrying couple, a competent court may allow marriage of a person as young as 16, if both parents consent" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"As of August police had identified 350 domestic violence cases, up from 284 during the same period in 2016" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically define spousal rape, but the criminal code covers spousal rape and spousal sexual violence under the crime of rape and sexual violence" (p.14).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence against women is punishable by three to eight years’ imprisonment" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods. Roma women continued to pursue compensation through the courts for involuntary sterilization, and NGOs called on the government to establish an independent investigative body to determine the scope of the practice" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"33 percent of entrepreneurs were female" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"A 2015 Eurobarometer survey estimated the gender pay gap in the country at 20 percent" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"In May the Spisska Nova Ves district court awarded compensation of 16,000 euros ($19,200) to a Romani woman involuntarily sterilized while giving birth" (p. 2).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The production, distribution, or possession of child pornography is a crime with penalties ranging from two to 20 years’ imprisonment" (p. 16).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"In addition to prohibiting trafficking in persons, the law prohibits the prostitution of children" (p. 16).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children acquire citizenship by birth to at least one citizen parent, regardless of where the child is born" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Women from marginalized Romani communities were transported to the United Kingdom by force or deception to marry foreign citizens attempting to avoid deportation by marrying an EU citizen, and might consequently have been subjected to trafficking in persons" (p. 15).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the creation of a programme to support and protect the victims of trafficking in persons and the establishment of an information centre on efforts to combat trafficking in persons and crime prevention in 2008, but notes with concern: (a) The ineffective identification of victims of trafficking in persons and the lenient sentencing of perpetrators, including many suspended sentences; (b) The lack of comprehensive disaggregated data on sexual exploitation, including forced prostitution; (c) The greater vulnerability of Roma women and girls to trafficking, including internal trafficking, for the purposes of sexual exploitation" (6).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Committee welcomes the amendment of the Anti-Discrimination Act to explicitly define sexual harassment as a form of discrimination and introduce affirmative action on the grounds of sex and gender. The Committee remains concerned, however, that the amendment did not introduce a substantive change to the basic provisions of the Act. The definition of discrimination as ‘any action or omission where one person is treated less favourably than another person’ and the principle of equal treatment provided under the Act are not consistent with the principle of substantive equality on the grounds of sex, as defined in articles 1 and 2 of the Convention" (2).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the amendment to the Anti-Discrimination Act enabled not only public institutions but all legal entities, including private companies, to take affirmative action and expanded the scope of affirmative action to address disadvantages resulting from gender discrimination. The Committee is, nevertheless, concerned that the affirmative action taken under the Act reflects a limited understanding and application of the concept of temporary special measures in the State party" (4). "The Committee notes the amendment to the Labour Code in 2011 to provide for the equal treatment of women and men in employment and an increase in the representation of women on corporate boards, but is concerned: (a) That...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"That there have been vigorous campaigns by non-State actors, including religious and civic organizations, the media and politicians, advocating traditional family values, overemphasizing the roles of women as mothers and caretakers and criticizing gender equality as 'gender ideology'" (5). "Committee is further concerned at the recent resurgence of the negative discourse by political leaders, private organizations and religious groups and of violence directed against Roma women and women belonging to other ethnic minority groups, migrant, refugee and asylum-seeking women and lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex women" (12).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the launch of a national 24-hour helpline for women who are victims of violence and a series of amendments to laws that penalize stalking and forced marriage and give effect to the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse under national jurisdiction" (5). "However, the Committee notes with concern: (b) The underreporting of violence against women by victims, the low numbers of prosecutions and convictions of perpetrators and the limited application of protection orders by the police, in particular in cases of sexual violence; (c) The lack of a coordinated system for preventive measures and victim assistance, including the...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"However, the Committee notes with concern: (a) The long delays in adopting comprehensive legislation on violence against women, including domestic violence, and in ratifying the Istanbul Convention" (5).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has introduced minimum pension benefits and extended the period of maternity leave for single mothers" (11).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of binding regulations by the Ministry of Health in its decree No. 56 of 23 October 2013, detailing the procedures to be undertaken to ensure the free, prior and informed consent of the woman concerned before a sterilization is carried out and requiring the distribution of sample forms of informed consent in the national language and in the languages of national minorities. Nevertheless, the Committee remains concerned: (a) That there is no systematic monitoring of the implementation of decree No. 56 and other relevant legislation on the prohibition of forced sterilization; (b) That Roma women are unaware of their rights and the ways to seek...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-2, GP-DATA-6

"The Committee notes the high level of representation of women in the judiciary, including at the highest level, but is concerned at the low level of representation of women in the parliament and in the Government at both the national and local levels and the underrepresentation of women in high-ranking positions in the diplomatic service" (7).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"That significant horizontal and vertical gender segregation exists in the labour market, including the persistently low representation of women compared with men in economic decision-making positions, such as on the supervisory board of companies and in executive positions, and that the size of the gender pay gap remains large, women’s high levels of education notwithstanding" (8).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"That, in more than one third of districts, legal abortion is unavailable and in four of those districts as a result of the conscientious objections of health-care institutions" (9).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Committee notes that, in 2012, the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Family was assigned the function of the central State administration body for gender equality and the Department of Gender Equality and Equal Opportunities became responsible for the coordination of national policy on gender equality and non-discrimination. The Committee welcomes the increased human and financial resources for the Department and the creation of a grant scheme in 2012 to support the activities of non-governmental organizations promoting gender equality" (4). "The lack of comprehensive data on women facing multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination, which prevents the State party from obtaining a basis for informed and targeted policy to...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2008 of the State party’s fourth periodic report (CEDAW/C/SVK/4) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the amendment to the Anti-Discrimination Act in 2012, which entered into force in 2013 and introduced the use of affirmative action on the grounds of sex and gender for private entities and public bodies" (1-2). "The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of a national strategy and national action plan for gender equality and a national action plan for the prevention...more