The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Somalia

March 19, 2020, 12:15 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code do not address FGM/C and therefore there is no legal framework in place to criminalise FGM/C."
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"In May 2016 the Council of Ministers approved a national gender policy to increase women’s political participation, economic empowerment, and the education of girls, but implementation had not begun." (33).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"In December 2016 a 14-year-old girl was gang raped, stabbed, and beaten by six males between 13 and 16 years of age in Galdogob district in Puntland. A second girl was also beaten in the incident. The perpetrators were sentenced by the local sharia court to fines between $1,750 and $4,600 each, 100 to 200 lashes, and five to 10 years in prison each. Observers noted the prison sentences would have likely been much higher if convicted under the sexual offenses law rather than sharia." (32).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Women and children living in IDP settlements were particularly vulnerable to rape by armed men, including government soldiers and militia members. Gatekeepers in control of some IDP camps reportedly forced girls and women to provide sex in exchange for food and services within the camps." (25).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"IDPs and members of marginalized clans and groups suffered disproportionately from gender-based violence. Police were reluctant to investigate and sometimes asked survivors to do the investigatory work for their own cases. Some survivors of rape were forced to marry perpetrators." (32). "Al-Shabaab also committed sexual violence, including through forced marriages. Al-Shabaab sentenced persons to death for rape." (32).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"the United Nations documented reports of an April 17 sexual assault on a 21-year-old woman who was beaten and raped at gunpoint by three uniformed men in North Galkayo; their affiliation was not known. The police opened an investigation, but no arrests were made." (14-15). "Increased reports of sexual and gender-based violence accompanied increased displacement, including reports of incidents committed by various armed groups and security personnel." (24). "The law criminalizes rape, providing penalties of five to 15 years in prison for violations. Military court sentences for rape included death. The government did not effectively enforce the law. There are no federal laws against spousal violence, including rape, although in...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, providing penalties of five to 15 years in prison for violations. Military court sentences for rape included death. The government did not effectively enforce the law. There are no federal laws against spousal violence, including rape..." (31). "Domestic and sexual violence against women remained serious problems despite the provisional federal constitution provision prohibiting any form of violence against women. While both sharia and customary law address the resolution of family disputes, women were not included in the decision-making process." (32). "There is no statutory rape law or minimum age for consensual sex." (35).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The provisional federal constitution requires both marriage partners to have reached the “age of maturity” and defines a child as a person less than 18 years old. It notes marriage requires the free consent of both the man and woman to be legal. Early marriages frequently occurred. In areas under its control, al-Shabaab arranged compulsory marriages between its soldiers and young girls and used the lure of marriage as a recruitment tool. There were no known efforts by the government or regional authorities to prevent early and forced marriage." (35).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"Although the provisional federal constitution describes female circumcision as cruel and degrading, equates it with torture, and prohibits the circumcision of girls, FGM/C was almost universally practiced throughout the country." (33).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Domestic and sexual violence against women remained serious problems despite the provisional federal constitution provision prohibiting any form of violence against women. While both sharia and customary law address the resolution of family disputes, women were not included in the decision-making process." (32).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The exclusion of women was more pronounced in al-Shabaab-controlled areas, where women’s participation in economic activities was perceived as anti-Islamic." (34).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"The law does not expressly prohibit child pornography. The law on sexual exploitation was rarely enforced, and such exploitation reportedly was frequent." (35).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and/or member of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural factors, however, limited women’s participation. While roadmap signatories agreed that women should hold at least 30 percent of the seats in the federal parliament prior to the country’s transition to a permanent government, women were elected to only 14 percent of 275 seats in parliament in 2012. The 30 percent quota met significant resistance in 2016-17 from clan elders, political leaders, and religious leaders, but women’s representation in parliament increased to 24 percent. The 26-member cabinet had three women." (28). ""Somaliland had two women in its 86-member House of Representatives....more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The provisional federal constitution states that workers, particularly women, shall have a special right of protection from sexual abuse and discrimination. Nevertheless, sexual harassment was believed to be widespread." (33).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Al-Shabaab also committed sexual violence, including through forced marriages." (14). " The provisional federal constitution requires both marriage partners to have reached the “age of maturity” and defines a child as a person less than 18 years old. It notes marriage requires the free consent of both the man and woman to be legal. Early marriages frequently occurred. In areas under its control, al-Shabaab arranged compulsory marriages between its soldiers and young girls and used the lure of marriage as a recruitment tool. There were no known efforts by the government or regional authorities to prevent early and forced marriage." (35).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"In December 2016 a 14-year-old girl was gang raped, stabbed, and beaten by six males between 13 and 16 years of age in Galdogob district in Puntland. A second girl was also beaten in the incident. The perpetrators were sentenced by the local sharia court to fines between $1,750 and $4,600 each, 100 to 200 lashes, and five to 10 years in prison each. Observers noted the prison sentences would have likely been much higher if convicted under the sexual offenses law rather than sharia." (32). "Al-Shabaab also committed sexual violence, including through forced marriages. Al-Shabaab sentenced persons to death for rape." (32).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"In May al-Shabaab stoned a man to death for adultery after a woman claimed he had raped her." (14).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Increased reports of sexual and gender-based violence accompanied increased displacement, including reports of incidents committed by various armed groups and security personnel." (24). "According to sharia law and the local tradition of blood compensation, anyone found guilty of the death of a woman paid to the victim’s family only half the amount required to compensate for a man’s death." (33).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In October 2016 the Somali Religious Council released a press statement warning the government against advocating for women in politics, calling the 30 percent quota for women’s seats in parliament “dangerous” and against Islamic religious tenets and predicting the policy would lead to disintegration of the family. Several women electoral delegates were killed after the electoral process concluded." (33).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"51 delegates selected by clan elders were responsible for voting on each lower house seat, and delegates were required to include 30 percent (16) women and 10 youths." (26). "No laws limit the participation of women and/or member of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural factors, however, limited women’s participation. While roadmap signatories agreed that women should hold at least 30 percent of the seats in the federal parliament prior to the country’s transition to a permanent government, women were elected to only 14 percent of 275 seats in parliament in 2012. The 30 percent quota met significant resistance in 2016-17 from clan elders, political leaders,...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1, ACR-DATA-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods." (33).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In February three female journalists in Somaliland claimed they were beaten by uniformed officers and detained for several hours while visiting a relative in prison in Hargeisa. No investigation was conducted." (4). "A total of 121 individuals, including five women, were arrested in July during security operations and routine security screening, mostly in the towns of Garowe and Bosasso. The majority of those arrested were reportedly suspected of being al-Shabaab members, irregular migrants, youth accused of petty crimes, and one journalist." (7). "Government forces, allied militias, men wearing uniforms, and AMISOM troops used excessive force, including torture, and raped women and girls, including IDPs." (14). "Increased reports of sexual and...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Women did not have the same rights as men and experienced systematic subordination to men, despite provisions in the federal constitution prohibiting such discrimination. Women experienced discrimination in credit, education, politics, and housing." (33). "Girls faced additional challenges of early marriage and low prioritization of girls’ education, leading to even lower attendance. There was an insufficient supply of qualified teachers, particularly female teachers." (34).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery in al-Shabaab-controlled areas was punishable by death; unlike in prior years, there were no reports of women being stoned to death for adultery." (33).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"For example, on May 25, a female delegate involved in the 2016-17 electoral process for Galmudug was shot and killed by unknown assailants in Mogadishu. No arrests were made, but authorities believed al-Shabaab was responsible." (13). "On the same day, two female khat traders in Dirir-weyn village between Leego and Wanla-weyn towns in Lower Shabelle Region were abducted from their homes and beheaded. Their heads and bodies were found in the road thereafter." (14). "On June 7, two suspected al-Shabaab gunmen killed the chairperson of the Diinsoor District Women’s Association in her home in South West State." (14).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Women did not have the same rights as men and experienced systematic subordination to men, despite provisions in the federal constitution prohibiting such discrimination. Women experienced discrimination in credit, education, politics, and housing." (33).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LO-SCALE-1

"While formal law and sharia provide women the right to own and dispose of property independently, various legal, cultural, and societal barriers often obstructed women from exercising such rights. By law girls and women could inherit only half the amount of property to which their brothers were entitled." (34).
Dec. 18, 2019, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Burundi, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Iran, Libya, Mauritania, North Korea, Papua New Guinea, Russia, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Turkmenistan, Venezuela, Yemen
Variables: TRAFF-SCALE-1

4.0
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Still, this does not deter women like Fadumo Dayib, who, in 2014, became the first woman to declare her candidacy for president in Somalia" (5).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In Somalia, the Electoral Implementation Team—a donor-supported body that has devised and will be implementing the rules under which the 2016 election will occur—promised that 30 percent of all the seats in the incoming parliament would be reserved for women" (2-3).