The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Somalia

April 7, 2021, 10:16 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

"In 2016, the life expectancy at birth in Somalia was 53.7 years for males and 57.3 years for females" (p 46).
April 2, 2021, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: IM-DATA-1

"In 2018, the under-five mortality rate in Somalia was 122 per 1000 live births" (p 47).
March 31, 2021, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MMR-SCALE-1

"In 2017, the maternal mortality ratio for women in Somalia was 2 per 100,000 live births" (p 47).
March 31, 2021, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"In 2017, the maternal mortality ratio for women in Somalia was 2 per 100,000 live births" (p 47).
March 30, 2021, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"In 2020 the maternal mortality ratio for women in Somalia was 2 per 100,000 live births" (p 47).
March 13, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

The Somali penal code [ . . . ] also punishes same-sex intercourse" (para 17). "The federal Sexual Offences Bill has been submitted before parliament, but had yet to be debated at time of writing" (para 18).
March 13, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Somali penal code, currently being revised, classifies sexual violence as an “offence against modesty and sexual honor” rather than as a violation of bodily integrity" (para 17).
March 13, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The cases of two girls who were gang raped by civilians and died received significant public attention. Aisha Ilyas Adan, 12, went missing on February 24, and her body was discovered the next day near her home in North Galkayo, Puntland. According to multiple media reports, Aisha was raped, mutilated, and strangled to death. Three men were sentenced to death under Puntland’s 2016 Sexual Offences Act, which includes death penalty sentences for “aggravated” cases of rape" (para 16).
March 13, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"The UN documented over 100 incidents of sexual violence against girls" (para 16).
March 13, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Internally displaced women and girls remain at particular risk of sexual and gender-based violence by armed men and civilians" (para 15).
March 8, 2021, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The UNFPA, which estimates 290,000 girls will be cut in Somalia in 2020, said the spike was also linked to Ramadan, which is a traditional time for girls to be cut" (para 12).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"FGM, which affects 200 million girls and women globally, involves the partial or total removal of the external genitalia. In Somalia the vaginal opening is also often sewn up – a practice called infibulation" (para 5).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Somalia’s coronavirus lockdown has led to a huge increase in female genital mutilation (FGM), with circumcisers going door to door offering to cut girls stuck at home during the pandemic, according to Plan International.The crisis is undermining efforts to eradicate the practice in Somalia, which has the world’s highest FGM rate, with about 98% of women having been cut, the charity warned" (para 1-2). "The UNFPA, which estimates 290,000 girls will be cut in Somalia in 2020, said the spike was also linked to Ramadan, which is a traditional time for girls to be cut" (para 12).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'FGM is one of the most extreme manifestations of violence against girls and women,' said Allin, who has been cut herself. 'It’s a lifetime torture for girls. The pain continues ... until the girl goes to the grave. It impacts her education, ambition ... everything'" Girls' education is effected because recovery from surgery 'can take weeks' of school missed (JCH CODER COMMENT) (para 10-11).
Feb. 13, 2021, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

“R.H. v. Sweden (no. 4601/14) (10 September 2015): The applicant, a Somalian national, alleged that, if removed to Mogadishu, she would face a real risk of either being killed by her uncles for refusing to agree to a forced marriage before fleeing Somalia or forced to marry a man against her will again upon her return. She further claimed that the general situation in Somalia for women was very difficult, in particular for those – such as herself – who lacked a male network and were therefore all the more vulnerable. The Court held that the applicant’s deportation to Mogadishu would not constitute a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 12:40 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

Table 1: Sex ratio and share of female population in urban and rural areas, selected countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia, latest available year (1999–2008) shows sex ratios between urban and rural areas in different countries.
Feb. 8, 2021, 10:46 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia, Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"In this context, the reported reductions in polygamy appear to be driven primarily through increased poverty which makes multiple wives unaffordable, rather than through attitudinal change... In Bokolmayo, attitudes supportive towards polygamy persisted, and it was generally agreed that polygamy should be practiced only if a man has the resources to provide for all wives equally as dictated by religion and customary law. The lack of attitudinal change towards polygamy is perhaps not surprising given that there were no reported awareness-raising campaigns or NGO programs addressing this particular issue. In the future, should economic conditions improve such as through economic or livelihood interventions, it is unclear as to whether the...more
Feb. 8, 2021, 10:40 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygamy was the marital practice most commonly linked to physical IPV [Intimate Partner Violence]. 'Men, according to Islam, are allowed to marry more than one wife… sometimes this is witnessed to be the cause of conflict.' (IDI 8, Male, 70 years, Religious Leader). Polygamy was described as contributing to IPV in circumstances where the man does not treat his wives equally as mandated by the customary law. Favoring one wife over the other was described to lead to many problems including marital conflict which can eventually lead to physical IPV. Several respondents also described violence and conflict between wives in polygamous relationships and IPV perpetrated by wives towards their husbands...more
Feb. 5, 2021, 10:44 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia, Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygamy was reported to have decreased since displacement. For example, one participant stated: 'Having many wives has reduced… Mostly men in the refugee camp don’t marry multiple wives.' (IDI 14, Male, 51 years, Religious Leader). There were mixed perspectives on polygamy. Some participants stated that polygamy can cause breakdown of the family and instability, and is an injustice to the wives. Most stated that the main problems that arise from this type of family structure are economic in nature, or stem from not being able to treat the wives equally. The latter reportedly results in favoritism toward one wife and ultimately leads to jealousy and conflict. Conversely, other respondents stated...more
Feb. 5, 2021, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygamous unions were described as a frequent marital practice in Somalia... Polygamy was reported to be supported by religion; a man could have up to four wives, but only if certain requirements such as equal treatment between the wives were met: 'Allah allowed men to have four [wives], but when they marry, they treat all the same.' (IDI 3, Female, 18 years)" (para 25).
Feb. 5, 2021, 12:04 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"A young Somali man reportedly left many 'surprised' when he married two women on the same day in a rare wedding in Sinia village, in the breakaway state of Somaliland. According to Somaliland Reporter, Bashir Mohamed wedded his two brides, Iqra and Nimo on June 22. Although polygamous marriages were allowed in Somali culture, it was unusual to marry two women at the same time, the report said. BBC quoted Mohamed as saying that he courted both women for about eight months, and convinced them to marry him. 'I used to bring them together to socialise with me at my home. I used to say openly to both of them...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 11:57 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"It is commonly acknowledged that the first wife of a husband is often distressed when her husband decides to marry another woman... Furthermore, some forms of mental distress are thought to be caused by excessive emotions. In particular, the emotion of maseeyr (mainly associated with polygamy and described as feelings of envy or of jealousy) may lead to insanity, and is identified as the social origins of women’s sufferings" (19, 42).
Feb. 4, 2021, 11:55 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-DATA-1

"In Somalia, approximately one-fifth of the population lives in polygamous household situations, with wives having their own residences" (19).
Feb. 4, 2021, 11:37 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"In Somalia, nuclear families usually live together. Though not the norm in Somalia, some of the population live in polygamous (one husband, multiple wives) household situations, with wives having their own residences" (para 11).
Feb. 4, 2021, 11:10 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"According to the Koran and Somali tradition, a man can have up to four wives, on condition that all wives are treated equally, both emotionally and materially. Lewis (1994) considers that polygamous marriages are quite common in Somalia and that many men between the ages of 40 and 60 have been married at least twice, either in simultaneous or successive marriages.18 Generally speaking, the number of wives depends on the age and status of the male – older men more often have more wives than younger men. This is partly because older men usually have better economic circumstances – either in the form of domestic animals or other values –...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 11 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygamy may be practised in some areas of Somalia, whereby a man may have up to four wives. However, a man is only allowed to take multiple wives if he can afford to provide for each of them properly (such as providing them their own individual living quarters and kitchen). It is rare for polygamy to occur in urban areas" (para 15).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:58 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-DATA-1

"Approximately one-fifth of the Somali population lives in polygamous household situations, whereby wives have their own residences" (para 6).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Al-Shabaab, an Islamist group based in Somalia, stoned a woman accused engaging in polygamy to death on Wednesday, the group's radio arm, Andalus, reported. A court in the Sablale district of the Lower Shabelle region — run by the militant group — convicted Shukri Abdullahi, 30, of marrying 11 men in a row without divorcing any of them. The self-proclaimed judge said the woman had confessed to the polygamy accusations... Polygamy is more common among men in Somalia, who can marry up to four wives. However, women have on occasion taken a second husband without an official divorce, often for economic reasons" (para 1-2, 6).
Feb. 3, 2021, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"In Somalia, a man can contract another marriage only for specified reasons – his wife is certified sterile by a panel of doctors, or suffers from an incurable disease, or is imprisoned for over two years, or is absent from her matrimonial home for a year. A Somali man must have verifiable reasons to be polygamist" (para 10).