The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for South Africa

Sept. 28, 2020, 11:04 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MISA-DATA-2

In South Africa, the incidence of alcohol abuse disorders is 12.4% among men and 1.8% among women.
Sept. 7, 2020, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, D R Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Palestine, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Qatar, Russia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: ISSA-SCALE-1

2.0more
Sept. 5, 2020, 5:02 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Bahamas, Botswana, Brunei, Cape Verde, Chile, Fiji, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Macedonia, Montenegro, Namibia, Oman, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Variables: AOM-SCALE-3

1.0
Sept. 5, 2020, 5:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bahamas, Belarus, Brazil, Brunei, Central African Rep, Colombia, Cuba, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gabon, Laos, Lesotho, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-SCALE-2

1.0
Sept. 5, 2020, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kosovo, Latvia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States
Variables: AOM-SCALE-1

0.0
Aug. 29, 2020, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: PHBP-DATA-1

According to Table 1 from scholars Peltzer, Pengpid, and James, 10.8% of undergraduate students surveyed in South Africa reported using skin lighteners in the past 12 months. This includes 12.2% of men, and 9.6% of women.
Aug. 13, 2020, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

“Nigeria, South Africa and Kenya have all banned skin bleaching products with high amounts of hydroquinone and mercury, with the province of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa urging people to "reject all colonial notions of beauty". In July, Ghana's Food and Drugs Authority issued a statement telling pregnant women not to take glutathione pills to bleach their unborn babies saying that there may be "serious toxic side effects" such as "asthma, renal failure and chest pains."”
Aug. 9, 2020, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Nationwide protests took place in September following the killings of multiple women and many instances of gender-based violence. The violence spurred an #AmINext movement where women on social media called out their alleged abusers. Protesters called for a national emergency and expressed anger over the government’s failure to better protect women. According to the Women’s Minister, Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, more than 30 women were killed by their spouses in August alone. In response to the protests, the ANC vowed to amend the Sexual Offences Act and Domestic Violence Act in order to ensure harsher punishments for offenders, as well as other reforms, including making the National Register for Sex Offenders (NRSO)...more
Aug. 9, 2020, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2, MURDER-DATA-1

"Nationwide protests took place in September following the killings of multiple women and many instances of gender-based violence. The violence spurred an #AmINext movement where women on social media called out their alleged abusers. Protesters called for a national emergency and expressed anger over the government’s failure to better protect women. According to the Women’s Minister, Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, more than 30 women were killed by their spouses in August alone" (para. 16).
Aug. 9, 2020, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1

"In March 2019, Ramaphosa said his government was looking into decriminalizing sex work, which has been illegal in South Africa since at least the early 1900s. South African laws also prohibit other aspects of sex work, including running or owning a brothel, living off the earnings of 'prostitution,' and enticing a woman into 'prostitution.' Criminalization has undermined sex workers’ access to justice for crimes committed against them and exposed them to unchecked abuse and exploitation by law enforcement officials, including police officers. And although the Department of Health’s National Strategic Plan on HIV for Sex Workers is grounded in respect for the human rights of sex workers, criminalization hinders sex...more
Aug. 9, 2020, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"According to the Women’s Minister, Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, more than 30 women were killed by their spouses in August [2019] alone" (para. 16).
Aug. 9, 2020, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ADDL-DATA-1

"In September [2019], the Equality Court ruled that a trans woman detained in a male prison, Jade September, had the right to express her gender identity while in prison. This meant that, as a woman transgender inmate, she could express her gender identity while incarcerated in an all-male prison, including the right to wear her hair long; wear make-up; wear female clothing and be addressed by officials using female pronouns" (para. 18).
Aug. 2, 2020, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: PHBP-DATA-1

“South African researchers have found that over 40% of skin lighteners sold in Durban and Cape Town contain mercury.”
Aug. 2, 2020, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: PHBP-PRACTICE-2

“In the early 1990s, [South African] activists convinced the government to ban all cosmetic skin lighteners containing known depigmenting agents – and to prohibit cosmetic advertisements from making any claims to “bleach”, “lighten” or “whiten” skin. This prohibition was the first of its kind and the regulations immediately shuttered the in-country manufacture of skin lighteners.”
Aug. 2, 2020, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria, South Africa
Variables: PHBP-LAW-1

“South Africa banned mercurial cosmetics in 1975, the European Economic Union in 1976, and Nigeria in 1982. The trade in skin lighteners, nonetheless, continued as other active ingredients – most notably hydroquinone – replaced ammoniated mercury.”
Aug. 2, 2020, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Togo
Variables: PHBP-DATA-1

“Statistics compiled by the World Health Organisation in 2011 showed that 40% of African women bleach their skin. In some countries the figure is higher: a staggering 77% of women in Nigeria, 59% in Togo, 35% in South Africa, 27% in Senegal and 25% in Mali use skin-lightening products.”
July 27, 2020, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

According to 2016 data from the UNICEF Data Warehouse, 0.9% of women (aged 20-24 years) were married or in union before age 15 and 3.6% of women (aged 20-24 years) were married or in union before age 18 (CODER COMMENT - MAD)
July 19, 2020, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: PHBP-DATA-1

“In a more recent study, the South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey showed that females aged 10 to 14 years had a negative body image. Up to 68% and 17% of females in that age group believed they were fat and perceived their body mass index to be higher than their ideal [10].”
July 2, 2020, 10:08 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

According to the CIA World Factbook 2020 estimates, the male/female sex ratio at birth in South Africa is 1.02. The estimated male/female sex ratio for childhood (0-14) is 1.00.
June 21, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Rep, Chile, Croatia, El Salvador, Greece, Guatemala, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Liberia, New Zealand, Rwanda, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Turkey, United Kingdom, Zimbabwe
Variables: GEW-DATA-1

"Male rape has been documented as a weapon of wartime or political aggression in countries including Argentina, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chechnya, Chile, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Liberia, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Rwanda, South Africa, the former Soviet Union, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Turkey, the former Yugoslavia, and Zimbabwe."
June 21, 2020, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: GP-DATA-2

The United Kingdom House of Lords' Select Committee on Sexual Violence in Conflict reports that 348 out of 2072 military and police contributions from South Africa to the UN are women.
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Conviction of violating a protection order is punishable by a prison sentence of up to five years, or up to 20 years if additional criminal charges apply. Penalties for conviction of domestic violence include fines and sentences of between two and five years’ imprisonment" (24).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The law requires police to protect victims from domestic violence, but police commanders did not always hold officers accountable" (24). "The government financed shelters and rape-support centers for abused women, but more were needed, particularly in rural areas. The government conducted rape and domestic violence awareness campaigns" (24).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Although the law prohibits sexual harassment, it remained a widespread problem. With criminal prosecution a rare secondary step that the complainant must request, the government left enforcement primarily to employers. The Department of Labor issued guidelines to employers on how to handle workplace complaints that allow for remuneration of the victim’s lost compensation plus interest, additional damages, legal fees, and dismissal of the perpetrator in some circumstances" (25).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"As of November 28, the United Nations reported that it had received six allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse against South African peacekeepers during the year. Three allegations of exploitative relationships and three allegations of the solicitation of transactional sex were made against members of the military contingent serving with the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. As of November, three of the allegations were substantiated, resulting in repatriation; and three allegations were still pending investigation" (4).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports that persons accused of witchcraft were attacked, driven from their villages, and in some cases killed, particularly in Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, and Eastern Cape provinces. Victims were often elderly women" (33).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The law provides citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage" (18).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"The minister of women in the Presidency, the Commission for Gender Equality, the Commission for Employment Equity, and a number of other government bodies monitored and promoted women’s rights, as did numerous NGOs and labor unions" (25).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

Parental or judicial consent to marry is required for individuals younger than 18. Nevertheless, the traditional practice of “ukuthwala,” the arranged marriage of girls as young as age 12 to older men, occurred in remote villages in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal provinces (27). "According to the 2016 State of the World’s Children Report of the UN Children’s Fund, 6 percent of girls in the country were married before age 18" (27).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to the Labor Department’s 2016-17 Employment Equity Report, women held 22 percent of top management positions, 33 percent of senior management positions, and 46 percent of professional positions. Women held 39 percent of public sector senior management positions" (25).