The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for South Africa

June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"According to fiscal year statistics for 2014-15, prosecutors obtained only 1,043 life sentences for 739 individuals, including 780 life sentences for crimes against women and children, despite recording more than 17,000 murders and more than 53,000 sexual assaults during the year" (14). "On August 31, an air force colonel in KwaZulu-Natal Province threw two hand grenades at his wife following a domestic argument. One exploded and killed her. Police arrested the colonel and charged him with illegal possession of explosives and murder. A judge denied him bail, and the trial continued at year’s end" (32).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"According to the country’s 2010 Millennium Development Goal Report posted by the UN Development Program, the maternal mortality ratio was 269 per 100,000 live births" (33).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"According to the Department of Health, the antenatal care coverage rate was 98.5 percent" (33).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ASR-PRACTICE-1

"Traditional gender stereotypes, such as 'mining is a man’s job' and 'women should be nurses' persisted" (51).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Parental or judicial consent to marry is required for individuals younger than 18. Nevertheless, the traditional practice of “ukuthwala,” the arranged marriage of girls as young as age 12 to adult men, occurred in remote villages in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces. In July the president promulgated the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill that prohibits nonconsensual ukuthwala and classifies it as a trafficking offense. In February 2014 the country recorded its first conviction for an ukuthwala violation under the trafficking provisions of the Children’s Act; a man who forcibly married a victim received a 22-year prison sentence. On March 23, the court upheld the conviction...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women experienced economic discrimination in wages (see section 7.d.), extension of credit, and ownership of land" (33).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The government conducted rape and domestic violence awareness campaigns. In honor of Women’s Month, the government hosted numerous events focused on empowering women in business, government, health, sports, and the arts. The discussions generated controversy, however, because the government focused on men’s role in protecting women, while civil society advocated a more inclusive focus on gender-based violence. Many civil society organizations were also dissatisfied with the Ministry of Women’s general focus on women’s economic empowerment while neglecting the issue of gender-based violence. During the internationally observed 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence, between November 25 and December 10, the government hosted a number of roundtable discussions" (32). "The government...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Instead of juries, the law requires that a panel of lay assessors and a magistrate hear cases involving murder, rape, robbery, indecent assault, and assault leading to serious bodily harm" (15). "Conviction of violating a protection order is punishable by a prison sentence of up to five years, or up to 20 years if additional criminal charges apply. Penalties for domestic violence include fines and sentences of between two and five years’ imprisonment" (31-32).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The government operated 63 justice centers and 53 Thuthuzela Care Centers (TCCs) that provided legal assistance to victims of gender-based violence to expedite legal processes, reduce caseloads, and alleviate overcrowding in prisons, but serious delays continued" (14-15).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"Ritual circumcision of young males, often by medically unqualified practitioners, was still a prevalent initiation tradition in several provinces, particularly in Eastern Cape Province. Circumcisions took place at initiation schools, remote camps where traditional leaders led a multiweek riteof-passage ceremony. Circumcision, which sometimes resulted in death, was considered a precondition for adult status and permits marriage, inheritance, and other societal privileges" (36).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Although the law prohibits sexual harassment, it remained a widespread problem. The government left enforcement primarily to employers, with criminal prosecution a rare secondary step at the initiative of the complainant. The Department of Labor issued guidelines to employers on how to handle workplace complaints that allow for remuneration of the victim’s lost compensation plus interest, additional damages, legal fees, and dismissal of the perpetrator in some circumstances. Tougher punishments are imposed for assault that carry a range of penalties depending on the severity of the act but require the complainant to press charges" (32-33). "The Employment Equity Amendment Act aims to promote equality in the workplace. According to the...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination on the grounds of race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or infection by other communicable disease" (30).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Contraception was widely available and free at government clinics, although only 60 percent of sexually active women had access to contraceptives, according to the Gender Links 2015 Barometer. Emergency health care was available for the treatment of complications arising from abortion" (33).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The minister of women in the Presidency, the Commission for Gender Equality, the Commission for Employment Equity, and a number of other government bodies monitored and promoted women’s rights, as did numerous NGOs and labor unions" (34).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal but remained a serious and pervasive problem" (30).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The government and numerous international organizations continued efforts to reduce the maternal mortality rate through a variety of pilot projects. During the year the government partnered with a foreign government to form “MomConnect,” an SMS (short message service) based messaging service to provide health information to pregnant women; the service enrolled approximately 500,000 mothers by year’s end. Primary challenges were low awareness among mothers of available antenatal care, the high HIV/AIDS rate, poor administrative and financial management, poor quality of care, and lack of accountability in the health-care system" (33).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government operated 63 justice centers and 53 Thuthuzela Care Centers (TCCs) that provided legal assistance to victims of gender-based violence to expedite legal processes, reduce caseloads, and alleviate overcrowding in prisons, but serious delays continued" (14-15). "In most cases attackers were acquaintances or family members of the victim, which contributed to a reluctance to press charges, as did a poor security climate and societal attitudes" (31). "The Department of Justice operated 36 dedicated sexual-offense courts throughout the country. Sexual-offense courts included facilities such as private waiting rooms, court preparation rooms, and closed-circuit television rooms for victims, all in an attempt to provide additional privacy and prevent secondary victimization. Although...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Female farm workers on maternity leave who could not obtain timely compensation through the Unemployment Insurance Fund often returned to work shortly after giving birth, according to NGOs working with farm workers" (34).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Public education is compulsory until age 15 or grade nine" (35).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"In 2014-15, IPID received 124 complaints of rape by police officers. Of the 124 cases, 42 were against on-duty SAPS members, and the remaining 82 were against off-duty SAPS members. IPID received 34 complaints of rape from persons in police custody, of which 14 were against SAPS members and 20 were against other civilians in police custody. On June 28, a police officer at the Linden Police Station in Johannesburg allegedly raped a woman detained overnight for fraud. IPID arrested the police officer, and a judge denied him bail. The investigation continued at year’s end" (5). While the report does not indicate what precentage of these rapes were prepetrated specifically...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but girls in isolated zones in ethnic Venda communities in the Northeast were subjected to the practice" (32).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law provides for citizenship by birth (if at least one parent is a permanent resident or citizen), descent, and naturalization" (34).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination against women remained a serious problem despite legal equality in family, labor, property, inheritance, nationality, divorce, and child custody matters. Women experienced economic discrimination in wages (see section 7.d.), extension of credit, and ownership of land. Traditional patrilineal authorities, such as a chief or a council of elders, administered many rural areas. Some traditional authorities refused to grant land tenure to women, a precondition for access to housing subsidies. Women may challenge traditional land tenure decisions in national courts, but access to legal counsel was costly" (33).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law facilitates protection orders against abusive individuals, requires police to take victims to a place of safety, and allows police to seize firearms at the scene and to arrest abusers without a warrant. The law requires police to protect victims from domestic violence, but police commanders did not always hold officers accountable" (31).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Other human rights problems included...pervasive violence against women and children; sexual harassment and societal discrimination against women" (1). "The 2015 Southern African Development Community Gender Protocol Gender Barometer (a survey compiled by Gender Links) found 77 percent of women in Limpopo Province, 51 percent of women in Gauteng Province, 39 percent of women in Western Cape Province, and 37 percent of women in KwaZulu-Natal Province reported they experienced some form of gender-based violence" (32). The report indicates it is gender-based violence but does not specify if it is murder, rape, domestic violence, etc. (AA-CODER COMMENT).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal but remained a serious and pervasive problem" (30). "The law defines statutory rape as sexual intercourse between anyone under age 18 and an adult more than two years older" (37). "In June the president signed into law changes to decriminalize consensual sexual conduct between children ages 12 to 16" (37).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In the 2014 alleged police assault during questioning of Aphiwe Zweni, who subsequently died of her injuries, IPID charged four of the six police officers implicated in her death with murder. The accused appeared once in court for a bail hearing and were awaiting trial at year’s end" (2). "Qualitative studies by monitoring organizations found victims in many communities did not report police abuse due to a “normalization” or public acceptance of police torture and brutality" (4). "In 2014-15, IPID received 124 complaints of rape by police officers. Of the 124 cases, 42 were against on-duty SAPS members, and the remaining 82 were against off-duty SAPS members. IPID received 34...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to the 2014-15 Employment Equity Report produced by the labor department’s Commission for Employment Equity, women held 20.9 percent of top management and 32.1 percent of senior management positions--rates significantly lower than the government target of 44.4 percent of management positions filled by women" (34). "Black women remained by far the most disadvantaged group in number and quality of management jobs" (41).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"On June 28, a police officer at the Linden Police Station in Johannesburg allegedly raped a woman detained overnight for fraud. IPID arrested the police officer, and a judge denied him bail. The investigation continued at year’s end" (5). "Watchdog groups estimated the true conviction rate for crimes reported was as low as 10 percent. According to fiscal year statistics for 2014-15, prosecutors obtained only 1,043 life sentences for 739 individuals, including 780 life sentences for crimes against women and children, despite recording more than 17,000 murders and more than 53,000 sexual assaults during the year; both crimes carry a possible life sentence. Inadequate collection of evidence at crime scenes,...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Parental or judicial consent to marry is required for individuals younger than 18. Nevertheless, the traditional practice of “ukuthwala,” the arranged marriage of girls as young as age 12 to adult men, occurred in remote villages in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces" (35-36).