The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for South Africa

July 2, 2020, 10:08 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

According to the CIA World Factbook 2020 estimates, the male/female sex ratio at birth in South Africa is 1.02. The estimated male/female sex ratio for childhood (0-14) is 1.00.
June 21, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Rep, Chile, Croatia, El Salvador, Greece, Guatemala, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Liberia, New Zealand, Rwanda, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Turkey, United Kingdom, Zimbabwe
Variables: GEW-DATA-1

"Male rape has been documented as a weapon of wartime or political aggression in countries including Argentina, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chechnya, Chile, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Liberia, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Rwanda, South Africa, the former Soviet Union, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Turkey, the former Yugoslavia, and Zimbabwe."
June 21, 2020, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: GP-DATA-2

The United Kingdom House of Lords' Select Committee on Sexual Violence in Conflict reports that 348 out of 2072 military and police contributions from South Africa to the UN are women.
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Conviction of violating a protection order is punishable by a prison sentence of up to five years, or up to 20 years if additional criminal charges apply. Penalties for conviction of domestic violence include fines and sentences of between two and five years’ imprisonment" (24).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The law requires police to protect victims from domestic violence, but police commanders did not always hold officers accountable" (24). "The government financed shelters and rape-support centers for abused women, but more were needed, particularly in rural areas. The government conducted rape and domestic violence awareness campaigns" (24).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Although the law prohibits sexual harassment, it remained a widespread problem. With criminal prosecution a rare secondary step that the complainant must request, the government left enforcement primarily to employers. The Department of Labor issued guidelines to employers on how to handle workplace complaints that allow for remuneration of the victim’s lost compensation plus interest, additional damages, legal fees, and dismissal of the perpetrator in some circumstances" (25).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"As of November 28, the United Nations reported that it had received six allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse against South African peacekeepers during the year. Three allegations of exploitative relationships and three allegations of the solicitation of transactional sex were made against members of the military contingent serving with the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. As of November, three of the allegations were substantiated, resulting in repatriation; and three allegations were still pending investigation" (4).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports that persons accused of witchcraft were attacked, driven from their villages, and in some cases killed, particularly in Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, and Eastern Cape provinces. Victims were often elderly women" (33).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The law provides citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage" (18).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"The minister of women in the Presidency, the Commission for Gender Equality, the Commission for Employment Equity, and a number of other government bodies monitored and promoted women’s rights, as did numerous NGOs and labor unions" (25).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

Parental or judicial consent to marry is required for individuals younger than 18. Nevertheless, the traditional practice of “ukuthwala,” the arranged marriage of girls as young as age 12 to older men, occurred in remote villages in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal provinces (27). "According to the 2016 State of the World’s Children Report of the UN Children’s Fund, 6 percent of girls in the country were married before age 18" (27).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to the Labor Department’s 2016-17 Employment Equity Report, women held 22 percent of top management positions, 33 percent of senior management positions, and 46 percent of professional positions. Women held 39 percent of public sector senior management positions" (25).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"In September a video clip of a Johannesburg woman on a bus beating a pupil with a disability went viral. In the clip the pupil, who has bipolar disorder, is seen being beaten with bare fists. The bus driver is seen stopping the altercation and forcefully pushing the child off the bus. The attacker, a school cook, was charged with assault and suspended. The bus driver was also suspended" (30). "In March a video clip of a white man threatening to attack a black woman inside a restaurant went viral on social media. The man had approached the woman to alert her that his child was bullied by her child,...more
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"As of November 28, the United Nations reported that it had received six allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse against South African peacekeepers during the year. Three allegations of exploitative relationships and three allegations of the solicitation of transactional sex were made against members of the military contingent serving with the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. As of November, three of the allegations were substantiated, resulting in repatriation; and three allegations were still pending investigation" (4). ""The minister of women in the Presidency, the Commission for Gender Equality, the Commission for Employment Equity, and a number of other government bodies monitored and promoted women’s...more
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits child pornography and provides for penalties including fines and imprisonment of up to 10 years" (27).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"The discussions [in honor of Women's Month] generated controversy, however, because the government focused on men’s role in protecting women, while civil society advocated a more inclusive focus on gender-based violence. Many civil society organizations were also dissatisfied with the Ministry of Women’s general focus on women’s economic empowerment while neglecting the issue of gender-based violence" (24).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Penalties for conviction of sexual exploitation of a child include fines and imprisonment of up to 20 years" (27).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"By law the age of consent is 16" (27).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"...more than 70 percent of respondents believed same-sex sexual activity was morally wrong" (31).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LO-DATA-1

"The government financed shelters and rape-support centers for abused women, but more were needed, particularly in rural areas. The government conducted rape and domestic violence awareness campaigns. In honor of Women’s Month, the government hosted numerous events focused on empowering women in business, government, health, sports, and the arts. The discussions generated controversy, however, because the government focused on men’s role in protecting women, while civil society advocated a more inclusive focus on gender-based violence. Many civil society organizations were also dissatisfied with the Ministry of Women’s general focus on women’s economic empowerment while neglecting the issue of gender-based violence" (24).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence was pervasive and included physical, sexual, emotional, and verbal abuse, as well as harassment and stalking. The government prosecuted domestic violence cases under laws governing rape, indecent assault, damage to property, and violating a protection order. The law requires police to protect victims from domestic violence, but police commanders did not always hold officers accountable." (24).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but girls in isolated zones in ethnic Venda communities in Limpopo province were subjected to the practice. The government continued initiatives to eradicate the practice, including national research and sensitization workshops in areas where FGM/C was prevalent" (25).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The government financed shelters and rape-support centers for abused women, but more were needed, particularly in rural areas" (24). "he law prohibits FGM/C, but girls in isolated zones in ethnic Venda communities in Limpopo province were subjected to the practice" (25). "Traditional patrilineal authorities, such as a chief or a council of elders, administered many rural areas. Some traditional authorities refused to grant land tenure to women, a precondition for access to housing subsidies. Women could challenge traditional land tenure decisions in national courts, but access to legal counsel was costly" (26). "Nevertheless, registration of births was inconsistent, especially in remote rural areas or among parents who were unregistered foreign...more
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Public education is compulsory until age 15 or grade nine. Public education was fee-based and not fully subsidized by the government. Nevertheless, the law provides that schools may not refuse admission to children due to a lack of funds; disadvantaged children, who were mainly black, were eligible for assistance. Even when children qualified for fee exemptions, low- income parents had difficulty paying for uniforms and supplies" (26).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"In honor of Women’s Month, the government hosted numerous events focused on empowering women in business, government, health, sports, and the arts" (24).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law provides for citizenship by birth (if at least one parent is a permanent resident or citizen), descent, and naturalization. Nevertheless, registration of births was inconsistent, especially in remote rural areas or among parents who were unregistered foreign nationals" (26).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but girls in isolated zones in ethnic Venda communities in Limpopo province were subjected to the practice" (25).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"In April, Karabo Mokoena was killed, allegedly by her boyfriend. Mokoena’s charred remains were discovered in an open field in Johannesburg. The trial of the accused, Sandile Mantsoe, was set for March 2018" (25).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Although the law prohibits sexual harassment, it remained a widespread problem. The Department of Labor issued guidelines to employers on how to handle workplace complaints that allow for remuneration of the victim’s lost compensation plus interest, additional damages, legal fees, and dismissal of the perpetrator in some circumstances" (25).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In most cases attackers were acquaintances or family members of the victim, which contributed to a reluctance to press charges, as did a poor security climate and societal attitudes" (23). "Prosecutors chose not to prosecute many cases due to insufficient evidence. Poor police training, insufficient forensic lab capacity, a lack of trauma counseling for victim witnesses, and overburdened courts contributed to the low conviction rate" (24). "The Department of Justice operated 57 dedicated sexual-offenses courts throughout the country. Although judges in rape cases generally followed statutory sentencing guidelines, women’s advocacy groups criticized judges for using criteria such as the victim’s behavior or relationship to the rapist as a basis for...more