The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Spain

Sept. 19, 2018, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Gabon, Spain, United Kingdom
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 7 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m.
Countries: Fiji, Rwanda, Spain, United Kingdom
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 8.5 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to the WHO 2017 statistical report, the adoescent birth rate (per 1000 women aged 15-19 years) was 8.4 based on data from 2005-2014.
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"The UN Human Rights Committee report warned that mostly unreported genderbased violence continued to be a problem in view of the high level of violence suffered by immigrant women from North Africa" (11).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace, but harassment reportedly continued to be a problem, although few cases came to trial" (12). "While the government enforced these laws and regulations, discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to race and ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation (see section 6)" (21).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In May, according to the Ministry of the Interior, seven regions and 97 city governments agreed to collaborate in the fight against gender-based violence. Deputy Interior Minister Francisco Martinez, speaking at a signing ceremony in the region of Extremadura, said the initiative sought to help women feel protected by police throughout the country. Local government work would fold into VioGen, a national initiative designed to coordinate local- and national-level efforts to fight gender-based violence and support victims of it" (11-12). The government appears to be working on eliminating potential barriers to reporting for women in cases of gender-based violence. It is yet to be seen how this works in implementation...more
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits violence against women, and independent media and government agencies generally paid close attention to gender-based violence" (10).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"94 percent of Romani children now start school at the compulsory age of three" (17). This is compulsory across the nation, but it is not indicated until what grade/age (AA-CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law effectively" (10).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A reform of the penal code approved in January categorizes forced marriage as a crime punishable by from six months to three years and six months in prison. Forced marriage carries similar penalties that, until now, the law categorized as coercion...In December 2014 the Catalan regional government, the regional police, and other local institutions approved a protocol to fight against forced marriage in the province of Girona. The protocol, which is the first of its kind in the country, holistically emphasizes the prevention, detection, assistance, reporting, monitoring, and protection of the victims" (14).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law effectively" (10). "The minimum age for consensual sex in the country is 16, according to the revision of the penal code that went into effect July 1" (14).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Immigrant groups from the Middle East and North Africa, and Romanian Roma often performed forced marriages. If they occur within families, they can be difficult to identify and prosecute" (14).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived from one’s parents. When a child does not acquire the parents’ nationality, the government may grant it" (13).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"According to the government’s Delegate for Gender Violence, by June 30 partners or former partners killed 17 women. The delegate noted that only three of the women killed had reported abuse prior to their deaths. According to the General Council of the Judiciary, of the 45,955 cases of gender violence prosecuted in 2014, 28,075 resulted in guilty verdicts (67 percent of the total). The Observatory against Domestic and Gender Violence reported 30,293 complaints of genderbased violence in the first three months of the year. Figures released by the Ministry of Health, Social Services, and Equality listed 54 of the 88 killings in 2014 (61 percent) as gender-based violence. National homicide...more
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum age of marriage is 16 years for minors living on their own" (13).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The commercial sexual exploitation of trafficked teenage girls remained a problem" (14). "Unaccompanied children remained particularly vulnerable to labor exploitation, sex trafficking, and forced begging...There were reports that criminals subjected children to trafficking in the sex trade and forced begging. Police databases do not automatically register foreign children intercepted at the borders, making them vulnerable to exploitation including forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, Children)" (20).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law sets prison sentences of six months to a year for domestic violence, threats of violence, or violations of restraining orders, with longer sentences if serious injuries result" (10).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits violence against women, and independent media and government agencies generally paid close attention to gender-based violence" (10). While this statement is a bit vague and generalized, it is important to note that there appear to be specific laws against gender-based violence in the country (AA-CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and authorizes courts to prosecute residents of the country who have committed this crime in the country or anywhere in the world. Under the 2013-16 National Strategy for the Eradication of Violence against Women, doctors must ask parents in the country to sign a declaration promising their daughter(s) will not undergo FGM/C when they visit countries where the practice is common. Once a family returns to the country, a doctor, who can start legal action against the parents if examination finds that the minors underwent FGM/C during their trip, must examine the girl(s) again. Doctors must also inform the parents of the health consequences of FGM/C"...more
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"During the year the Ministry of Health, Social Services, and Equality spent 4.8 million euros ($5.3 million) on awareness campaigns across the country, an increase of 1.5 million euros ($1.7 million) over 2014. This spending did not include local government use of the ministry’s campaign images printed and disseminated at their own expense" (11). This campaign against domestic and gender-based violence indicates that the government is addressing gender issues (AA-CODER COMMENT) "On July 8, the Catalan parliament approved the Law for Effective Equality between Women and Men, which created an Observatory of Gender Equality to prioritize the struggle against gender violence" (12). "The Catalan Law for Effective Equality between Women...more
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or having other communicable diseases, and the government generally enforced the law effectively" (10).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"The most significant human rights problems included...violence against women and children" (1).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace, but harassment reportedly continued to be a problem, although few cases came to trial. The punishment in minor cases can be between three and five months in jail or fines of six to eight months’ salary. In aggravated cases it can be five to seven months’ jail time or fines of 10 to 14 months’ salary. The court can increase penalties for victims the court determines may be especially vulnerable" (12). "Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on race, color, sex..." (20).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"Penalties for recruiting children or persons with disabilities into prostitution are imprisonment from one to five years. If the child is under the age of 13, the term of imprisonment is four to six years. The same sentence applies to those who seek to victimize children through prostitution. The penalty for pimping children into prostitution is imprisonment from four to six years. If the minor is under 13, the term of imprisonment is five to 10 years" (14). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor including by children. The government effectively enforced the law. It maintained strong prevention efforts, although the efforts focused more on forced prostitution...more
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"During the year until June 30, police in Catalonia investigated eight cases of FGM/C. A report from the Wassu Foundation at the Autonomous University found that more than 6,000 girls in Catalonia were at risk of being subjected to the practice" (12).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

"The law permits any foreigner who is a victim of gender-based violence or of trafficking in persons in the country to file a complaint at a police station without fear of deportation, even if that individual is in the country illegally" (7).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"As of June 30, the Catalan police assisted 11 victims of forced marriage, six of which involved minors" (14).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits child pornography. The penal code criminalizes both using a minor 'to prepare any type of pornographic material' and producing, selling, distributing, displaying, or facilitating the production, sale, dissemination, or exhibition of 'any type' of child pornography by 'any means.' The penalty for recruiting children or persons with disabilities for child pornography is one to five years’ imprisonment; if the child is under the age of 13, imprisonment is five to nine years. The law also penalizes knowingly possessing child pornography; it carries a potential prison sentence of up to one year. The penalty for the production, sale, or distribution of pornography in which a child under 18...more
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is six to 12 years in prison" (10). "The penalty for sexual abuse and assault of children under the age of 13 is imprisonment from two to 15 years, depending on the nature of the crime. Individuals who contact children under the age of 13 through the internet for the purpose of sexual exploitation face imprisonment of one to three years...The law defines nonconsensual sexual abuse as sexual acts committed against persons under 16 years old, and it provides from two to 15 years in prison, depending on the circumstances" (14).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"According to the government’s Delegate for Gender Violence, by June 30 partners or former partners killed 17 women. The delegate noted that only three of the women killed had reported abuse prior to their deaths. According to the General Council of the Judiciary, of the 45,955 cases of gender violence prosecuted in 2014, 28,075 resulted in guilty verdicts (67 percent of the total)" (11).