The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Sri Lanka

March 9, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Djibouti, India, Niger, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Uganda, Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-LAW-1

“Saudi Arabia has signed a number of bilateral agreements with the countries of origin of female domestic workers. The agreements serve the interests of all parties and prevent the exploitation and violation of the rights of female domestic workers. They have been concluded with India, Niger, Uganda, Djibouti, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Sri Lanka” (32).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"A comprehensive programme is being implemented by the Family Health Bureau to promote family planning and reproductive health education. This is an important component of the national health policy" (22).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"Universal adult franchise was introduced in Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) in 1931. Women’s right to vote has been guaranteed and there has never been any obstacle to their active participation at all elections and public referenda and to be eligible for election to all public elected bodies" (33).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"All acts of violence against women are criminalized" (10). "In such an event, relief can also be sought under the Prevention of Domestic Violence Act (DV Act)" (11).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"More women continue to enter employment areas that were hitherto either dominated by men or were the exclusive domain of men, including the Judiciary, Company Directorships, Banking and Engineering fields. Senior government positions including the office of the Chief Justice, the Attorney General, Chairperson of the University Grants Commission, Secretaries to Ministries including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Justice have been / or are being held by female government officers. There is also a significant development in the private sector, where female employees continue to serve in top posts including as company Chief Executive Officers and as members of Boards of Directors. Consistent education policies that ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

Table 1 shows that in 2012, there were 46 reported cases of abortion, and in 2013 there were 68 reported cases (12).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The M/WA has implemented the following programmes in line with the Prevention of Domestic Violence Action Plan- 1) infrastructure support services were provided 2) health service providers and law enforcement officers were trained on the DV Act. 3) a shelter was established for victims of Gender Based Violence. The shelter was setup in 2012 and has provided services for nearly 50 women. The Ministry has also allocated funds to put up shelters in the North and East 4) 12 counselling centres in selected districts were established. Counselling services have been extended to grass roots level enabling affected women to access services effectively" (11). "Women and Children’s Police Desks have been ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: WR-DATA-1

"According to the 2012 census of population and housing there are 716,703 widows in Sri Lanka" (13).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"The number of women Judges in the higher courts has also increased" (18). "In the field of law, there is a significant number of women in private practice as well as in the State departments including in senior positions in the Attorney General’s department. During the period under review, the following were achieved: a) The first appointment of a female Attorney General in 2011; ii) four women appointed to the apex court in the country, the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka, which has a total cadre of eleven; iii) two women appointed as Solicitor General; iv) two women appointed to the Court of Appeal which, in the hierarchy of courts, ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Although the act of sexual intercourse without the consent of the wife is by itself not a crime under the existing law, where such an act involves violence to such a degree that the violence amounts to a crime, the act of violence is punishable under the Penal Code. In such an event, relief can also be sought under the Prevention of Domestic Violence Act (DV Act)" (11).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"Maternal mortality- Ratio per 100,000 live births: 33 in 2010 (this was closer to 100 in 1990)" (6). "Maternal Mortality rate — 33.3 per 100,000 live births (2010)" (6). "The United Nations in Sri Lanka has reported that “according to the Family Health Bureau of the Ministry of Health the maternal mortality ratio has declined from 92 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 33.3 in 2010" (22). "Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) for the year 2012 is 37.7 per 100,000 live births" (42). "The MMR stands at 33 for 100,000 live births for the year 2010" (43).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

Table 2 shows that in 2012, there were 100 reported cases of murder of women and in 2013, there were 79 reported cases. Reported cases of attempted murder were 20 in 2012 and 23 in 2013 (12).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: CWC-DATA-1

"According to the 2012 census of population and housing, the 71.8 per cent of Sri Lankans live in areas demarcated as rural. Of this number 51.43 per cent are women with 10.4 per cent below the age of 15 years and 6.7 per cent over 65" (23).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"The Law Commission has formulated a draft Bill which recognizes the concept of marital breakdown as a ground for divorce. The Bill is under consideration" (31).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The offence of trafficking in persons as contained in the Penal Code is a new offence introduced in 2006" (13).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-1

"Gender role stereotyping continues to decline and is not a serious concern or a subject which is widely discussed in Sri Lanka. More women continue to enter employment areas that were hitherto either dominated by men or were the exclusive domain of men, including the Judiciary, Company Directorships, Banking and Engineering fields" (9). "Social and cultural patterns that were based on perceived superiority of men has eroded to a large extent and continue to erode with significant numbers of women acquiring high educational qualifications and securing employment in positions compatible with their qualifications. As successful progress has been achieved through national progressive policies, it is believed that permitting natural progression ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

Table 1 shows that in 2012, there were 264 reported cases of prostitution and in 2013 there were 303 reported cases (12). "Since (i) there is an estimated number of over 40,000 commercial sex workers in Sri Lanka" (17).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"In preparation of this report, the Ministry of Women’s Affairs (M/WA), (the subject specific line Ministry established at Cabinet level during the period under reference), consulted all relevant line Ministries and Government Agencies, and obtained feedback from International Organizations represented in Sri Lanka including UNDP and ILO" (5). "Since the election of the new government, (January 2015) the Ministry has been re-constituted as a standalone Ministry of Women’s Affairs (M/WA)" (25).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A Women’s Caucus was established in Parliament in 2006 comprising women Parliamentarians. It is a group that works towards promoting women’s political participation and safeguarding women’s rights and gender equality. The Work Plan of the Caucus includes proposals to: a) make it mandatory to have a minimum of 25 per cent women’s representation in nominations to Local Government Authorities. b) increase women’s contribution through representation in the political process with a minimum of 30 per cent increase in female representation in Parliament, Provincial Councils and Local Government bodies" (17).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Successive governments in Sri Lanka continue to allocate resources in relation to the measures taken for the advancement of women; e.g. the interim budget for year 2015 passed in January 2015 after the election of the new President on 8th January, introduced a system of paying of Rs. 20,000.00 worth of nutrition foods recommended by doctors to all expectant mothers in the country during the last 6 months of the pregnancy period and first four months after the confinement. This is with the aim of addressing issues related to anaemia, low birth weight and malnutrition that impact the mother as well as the baby" (9). "Factors such as socio-economic development, ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2012 the M/WA has been conducting a one year Diploma course on political participation of women at grass roots level to motivate women to enter politics. The training programmes have been completed covering nearly 200 women leaders including Tamil women. Many other advocacy, awareness-raising and capacity building programmes have been conducted to encourage women. However, the number of women elected to Parliament and to Provincial Councils has not increased" (18). "However, continuous attention is being made to encourage women to assume public officers as Members of Parliament and Provincial bodies. As explained at paragraph 60, it is likely that participation will increase with the implementation of the Work Plan ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Delivery at a health facility — 98.1 per cent (rural sector women); 98.6 per cent (urban sector women); 94.3 per cent (estate sector women)" (6). "Successive governments in Sri Lanka continue to allocate resources in relation to the measures taken for the advancement of women; e.g. the interim budget for year 2015 passed in January 2015 after the election of the new President on 8th January, introduced a system of paying of Rs. 20,000.00 worth of nutrition foods recommended by doctors to all expectant mothers in the country during the last 6 months of the pregnancy period and first four months after the confinement. This is with the aim of ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Children of parents employed in the plantation sector (persons of Indian origin who were brought into Sri Lanka, then Ceylon, during colonial rule to work in tea plantation) who have had a long history of educational disadvantage, now have a high participation rate of 95 per cent in primary education. In the conflict affected North and Eastern provinces, schools have been re-opened since the conclusion of the conflict in 2009 and children including former child combatants recruited by the terrorist group (LTTE) are attending school. The rehabilitation process to increase facilities is ongoing. Female ex-child combatants whose education was disrupted by the LTTE have sat for both General Certificate of ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

Table 2 shows that in 2012, there were 13 reported cases of trafficking and in 2013 there were 7 reported cases (12). "Since 2009, 12 indictments have been served in respect of the offence of trafficking and 03 convictions have been secured. There were no acquittals during this period" (13). Table 3 shows that in 2011, there were 20 reported cases and 9 prosecutions with 11 investigations pending of trafficking offenses. In 2012, there were 28 reported cases, 15 prosecutions, and 13 investigations pending. In 2013, there were 6 reported cases, 2 prosecutions, and 4 investigations pending. In 2014, there were 6 reported cases, 4 prosecutions, and 2 investigations pending ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: SMES-DATA-3

"According to the 2012 census of population and housing there are...1,270,293 female headed household" (13). "23.4 per cent of households are headed by women" (21).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Senior government positions including the office of the Chief Justice, the Attorney General, Chairperson of the University Grants Commission, Secretaries to Ministries including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Justice have been / or are being held by female government officers" (9). "Despite the statistically low figure of women legislators, it is noted that for more than 22 out of the 67 years since Sri Lanka gained independence, executive power in the country has been wielded by elected women leaders. (Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the world’s first elected female Prime Minister; President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga, Sri Lanka’s first female executive President governed from 1994 to 2005. She ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Law Commission has formulated a comprehensive draft Bill recommending the liberalization of the current strict approach contained in the Penal Code. The proposal has been formulated in consultation with medical professionals and recommends that termination of pregnancies be permitted in limited circumstances such as rape and where the foetus is established to have congenital abnormalities. A policy decision on the proposals is awaited" (23).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The economically active population of Sri Lanka was estimated to be 8.8 million in 2014 of which 34.7 per cent were women and 65.3 per cent were men. Women comprised 75.1 per cent and men comprised 24.9 per cent of the economically inactive population during this period. Women’s participation in the labour force over the last two decades has remained below 40, compared to that of men which has been over 70" (20). Table 4 shows that in 1996 and 1997, 27.3% of the labor force was female. In 2003, 24.0% of the labor force was female. In 2006, 39.5% of the labor force was female. In 2010, 34.4% of ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The contraceptive prevalence rate in 2013 was 64.9 per cent (modern method — 55.4 per cent; traditional method — 9.5 per cent) and has been static over the past five years. The target rate is 72 per cent to achieve a total fertility rate of 2.1 which is regarded as the replacement level. Approximately 5 per cent increase in the use of any contraceptive method was observed from year 2007 to 2013" (22). "Family Planning (FP) was accepted as a part of the national health policy in 1965, and its service components were integrated into Maternal Child Health (MCH) services. The programme offers a wide range of modern contraceptive methods ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"Civil society organizations that participated in this meeting included: Women in Need (WIN), Sarvodaya Women’s Movement, Centre for Women’s Research (CENWOR), Plan Sri Lanka, FOKUS Women, Mahila Sangam Samithiya, Media Collective and CARE International Sri Lanka. Two regional-level meetings were held in Kurunegala (North Western Province) and Kilinochchi (Northern Province)" (5).