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Latest items for Swaziland

March 29, 2018, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: PW-DATA-1

According to a 2006-07 DHS survey of Swaziland, the percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had no additional wives was 66%. The percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had one additional wife was 13.4%. The percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had two or more additional wives was 4.9%. The percentage of men who were married and had two or more wives was 5.3%. The percentage of married or in union men aged 15-49 who had two or more wives was 5.3%. This information was compiled by Professor Andrea...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LRW-DATA-1, DV-DATA-1

"The Committee is also concerned that, according to the National Surveillance System on Violence, Abuse and Exploitation, the prevalence of violence against women and girls is high, as is the rate of abduction of young girls, often perpetrated by persons known to the victims. The Committee is also concerned at the low level of reporting of violence against women, owing to a culture of silence and impunity, and at the lack of data on the number of reported cases involving violence against women that have been investigated and prosecuted and on the nature of sanctions imposed on perpetrators" (page 5-6).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee also notes with concern that a number of draft laws and policies with an important bearing on women’s rights, such as the bills on marriage, administration of estates, transnational crime, employment, legal aid, sexual offences and domestic violence and the land policy, are pending, with no specific time frame for their adoption" (page 2).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"While noting the efforts of the State party to tackle challenges relating to its nationality legislation, the Committee is concerned that both the Constitution and the Citizenship Act contain provisions depriving children born to Swazi women and foreign husbands of nationality, hence increasing their risk of statelessness. The Committee notes that this is discriminatory because it is not applicable where Swazi men marry foreign women. The Committee is also concerned that, under the Constitution, Swazi women married to foreign men cannot transmit their citizenship to their husbands on an equal basis as Swazi men married to foreign women. The Committee recommends that the State party repeal the discriminatory provisions in...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The Committee is concerned about the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the fact that women are concentrated in low-paid jobs in the informal economy" (page 9).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"While noting the intention of the State party to establish a national register of persons with albinism, the Committee is deeply concerned at the gruesome murders of women and girls with albinism, whose body parts are harvested for rituals. The Committee is particularly concerned at reports that, in the past, perpetrators of such murders were prosecuted for less-serious crimes, such as causing grievous bodily harm, and therefore received lenient sentences upon conviction. The Committee recommends that the State party urgently establish a national register of persons with albinism and provide protection to women and girls with albinism. The State party should ensure that all complaints relating to violence against women...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned about the: . . . (b) Widespread cases of abuse of and sexual violence against girls in schools by teachers and when travelling to and from school; (c) Limited provision of age-appropriate sexual and reproductive health and rights education in schools owing to cultural resistance because sex education is considered taboo; . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: . . . (b) Adopt measures to prevent and eliminate all abuse of and sexual violence against girls in schools and ensure that perpetrators are adequately punished; . . . (e) Integrate age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health and rights into school curricula,...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The Committee calls upon the State party: . . . (b) To strengthen efforts aimed at eliminating structural inequalities and occupational segregation, both horizontal and vertical, and to adopt measures to narrow and close the gender pay gap by, among other things, regularly reviewing wages in sectors in which women are concentrated" (page 9).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the introduction of prenatal programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and of clandestine abortions, which have contributed to the increase in maternal mortality in recent years. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To intensify the implementation of HIV/AIDS response strategies, especially preventive strategies, and to continue to provide free antiretroviral treatment to all women and men living with HIV/AIDS, including pregnant women so as to prevent mother-to-child transmission; (b) To step up efforts to reduce the incidence of maternal mortality, such as providing safe abortion and post-abortion care services" (page 9-10).more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Committee also notes with concern that a number of draft laws and policies with an important bearing on women’s rights, such as the bills on marriage, administration of estates, transnational crime, employment, legal aid, sexual offences and domestic violence and the land policy, are pending, with no specific time frame for their adoption" (page 2). "The Committee is concerned about the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the fact that women are concentrated in low-paid jobs in the informal economy. The Committee is also concerned about the non-compliance by the private sector with the provisions of the Employment Act that provide for 12...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that the State party retains the doctrine of marital power, which divests women of legal capacity to administer property and to sue without the consent of their husbands when they are married out of community of property where marital power has not been excluded and which might in some cases extend to the marital power of the husband’s family. The State party should repeal the doctrine of marital power in order to ensure full compliance with article 15 of the Convention so that women have identical legal capacity to that of men to be able to conclude contracts and to administer property, as well as to...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"While noting that section 86 of the Constitution sets a quota of 30 per cent representation of women in Parliament, the Committee is concerned that such provisions were not fully implemented in the 2008 and 2013 parliamentary elections and that temporary special measures are not being used in other areas covered by the Convention, such as participation of women in public life, education and employment, in order to accelerate the achievement of substantive or de facto equality of women and men. The Committee calls upon the State party to fully invoke the legislative provisions on temporary special measures to increase the representation of women in Parliament. It also recommends that...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee notes the complexity of the customary and civil marital regimes within the State party, which have varied economic implications, and is concerned at the lack of awareness among women of their choices and the consequences. The Committee is also concerned that the State party retains the “fault” principle under its divorce law and that there is a lack of information on the economic impact of the principle on women during the division of matrimonial property, in particular when women are found to be at fault in a divorce case. The Committee recalls its general recommendation No. 29 on the economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their dissolution...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the fact that women are concentrated in low-paid jobs in the informal economy. The Committee is also concerned about the non-compliance by the private sector with the provisions of the Employment Act that provide for 12 weeks of maternity leave. The Committee is further concerned at the lack of provisions in the law of the State party explicitly prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace and that the bill on employment, which contains such a provision, is yet to be enacted into law. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To intensify...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"The Committee commends the State party for its delegation, which was headed by the Principal Secretary in the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, Khangeziwe Mabuza. The delegation included representatives of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and the Permanent Mission of Swaziland to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva" (page 1) (Coder comment: Khangeziwe Mabuza is a woman - ARR).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions and patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, especially those portraying women as caregivers. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to an increase in the practices of child and/or forced marriage, abduction of girls and polygamy and hence to the disadvantaged and unequal status of women in society. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To intensify media and other efforts to educate the public and raise awareness about existing sex-based stereotypes that persist at all levels of society, with a view to...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that there is no legal aid scheme in the State party and that complex legal procedures, exorbitant legal fees and the geographical inaccessibility of courts impede women’s access to justice. The Committee is also concerned that the bill on legal aid has yet to be enacted into law. The Committee is further concerned about the absence of enabling legislation for the Human Rights Commission, which would legally grant it a mandate to undertake activities as a national human rights institution and provide legal services to women. The Committee is concerned at reports that the Commission has inadequate financial and human resources. The Committee recommends that the...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

The Committee is concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions and patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, especially those portraying women as caregivers. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to an increase in the practices of child and/or forced marriage, abduction of girls and polygamy and hence to the disadvantaged and unequal status of women in society. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To intensify media and other efforts to educate the public and raise awareness about existing sex-based stereotypes that persist at all levels of society, with a view to...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s accession to the following international instruments: . . . (b) Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, in 2012" (page 2). "While welcoming the adoption of the People Trafficking and People Smuggling (Prohibition) Act in 2009, the Committee remains concerned that the State party is a country of origin, transit and destination for trafficked women and girls, mainly for sexual exploitation and domestic labour. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of data on the extent of trafficking in persons and at the absence of specific programmes to raise...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"The Committee notes that the adherence of the State party to the nine major international human rights instruments would enhance the enjoyment by women of their human rights and fundamental freedoms in all aspects of life. The Committee therefore encourages the State party to consider ratifying the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance and the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, to which it is not yet a party" (page 12).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the impact of the tinkhundla electoral system, which bans political parties, on the political participation of women. The Committee recommends that the State party introduce temporary special measures, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention, general recommendation No. 25 and general recommendation No. 23 on women in public life, in order to accelerate the full and equal participation of women in elected and appointed bodies, including the judiciary and the diplomatic service. Furthermore, the State party should undertake a comprehensive study on the impediments that the tinkhundla electoral system presents to women who seek to stand for...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s accession to the following international instruments: . . . (b) Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, in 2012" (page 2).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: DLB-DATA-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

The Committee is concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions and patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, especially those portraying women as caregivers. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to an increase in the practices of child and/or forced marriage, abduction of girls and polygamy and hence to the disadvantaged and unequal status of women in society. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To intensify media and other efforts to educate the public and raise awareness about existing sex-based stereotypes that persist at all levels of society, with a view to...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the ratification of the Convention, in particular the adoption of the following legislative measures: (a) Children’s Protection and Welfare Act, in 2012; (b) People Trafficking and People Smuggling (Prohibition) Act, in 2009" (page 1). "The Committee welcomes the State party’s accession to the following international instruments: . . . (b) Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, in 2012; . . . (f) Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, in 2012; (g) Protocol...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"The Committee commends the State party for its delegation, which was headed by the Principal Secretary in the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, Khangeziwe Mabuza. The delegation included representatives of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and the Permanent Mission of Swaziland to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva" (page 1) (Coder comment: Khangeziwe Mabuza is a woman - ARR). "The Committee is concerned that, notwithstanding the constitutional provision that sets a goal of achieving at least 30 per cent representation of women in Parliament, women remain underrepresented at decision-making levels, including in Parliament, the judiciary and the diplomatic service. The Committee is particularly...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ATC-DATA-4

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s accession to the following international instruments: (a) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, in 2012; (b) Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, in 2012; (c) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, in 2004; (d) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, in 2004; (e) Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, in 2004; (f) Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, in 2012; (g) Protocol...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the efforts of the State party to protect equal access to land under section 211 of the Constitution, the Committee is concerned that women, especially those in rural areas, continue to face barriers to acquiring land owing to prevailing discriminatory customary laws and structures. The Committee is also concerned at reports that women are largely excluded from participating in decision-making on matters of rural development and policy owing to persisting negative social and cultural norms regarding their participation. The Committee is further concerned at the lack of income-generating opportunities for rural women. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To eliminate all cultural barriers that restrict women’s...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) National gender policy, approved by the Cabinet in 2010; (b) Reproductive Health Commodity Security Strategic Plan 2008-2015" (page 2). "While the Committee notes that section 20 of the Constitution provides that all persons are equal before the law and prohibits discrimination on specific grounds, it is concerned that those grounds do not include sex and marital status" (page 2).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The Committee also notes with concern that a number of draft laws and policies with an important bearing on women’s rights, such as the bills on marriage, administration of estates, transnational crime, employment, legal aid, sexual offences and domestic violence and the land policy, are pending, with no specific time frame for their adoption" (page 2). "While noting the efforts to enact the bill on sexual offences and domestic violence, which was passed by Parliament and the Senate, the Committee is deeply concerned that the bill lapsed because it did not receive royal assent. The Committee is also concerned that, according to the National Surveillance System on Violence, Abuse and...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: GP-DATA-3, GP-DATA-4

"The Committee notes that the Gender and Family Issues Unit, which acts as the national machinery for the advancement of women, has been elevated to a department within the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, but is concerned that it is extremely under-resourced in both human and financial terms. The Committee is also concerned that gender focal points in line ministries have multiple duties and responsibilities that affect their effectiveness as gender focal points. The Committee is further concerned at the lack of systematic gender mainstreaming and gender budgeting, in addition to the lack of sex-disaggregated data to enable adequate monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the action plan...more