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Latest items for Sweden

Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"The initiative to criminalize the men who buy sexual services originally came from the Swedish women’s movement, and was carried forward by the women’s associations of the political parties. Feminists, including women with experience of prostitution, analyzed women’s position in society and how men, through the exercise of power through violence against women ensured that the subordinate position of women was maintained, including by men using some women and children, mostly girls, for prostitution purposes" (page 1). "Since 2003, the National Organisation for Women’s Shelters and Young Women's Shelters (ROKS) has carried out a successful campaign, Porrfria Hotell [Porn-free Hotels] to certify those hotels and conference centres that remove all ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"In July 2008, a national action plan for the prevention and combating prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes was adopted, covering five priority areas: protection and support for people at risk; prevention; higher standards and greater efficiency in the justice system; increased national and international cooperation; higher level of knowledge and awareness in general. The National Crime Council evaluated the initiatives under the National Action Plan (2011)" (page 13-14). "The National Rapporteur concluded in her 2011 report on initiatives carried out under the National Action Plan (above) that regular training of police and other key public agencies is a core element in the success of the Swedish law enforcement ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In 1997, Sweden was the first country in Europe to appoint a National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings following a joint declaration of the European Union in 1997. This declaration recommends all member states to appoint 'National Rapporteurs who are to report to governments on the scale, the prevention, and combating of trafficking in women'. The National Rapporteur investigates, monitors and analyzes the character, state and scale of prostitution and trafficking in human beings for all forms of exploitation to and within and from Sweden, and publishes annual reports with recommendations. The fourteenth annual report was released in January 2014. In collaboration with the National Police, the National Rapporteur ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There is a clear connection between the existence of prostitution and trafficking in human beings for sexual purposes . . . Prostitution through the Internet has increased in Sweden as it has in other countries. This is not due to the law but due to the development generally of online technology. The number of individuals that are sold via Internet web pages/web ads are much larger in similar neighbouring countries such as Denmark and Norway" (page 5). "Some recent studies show that although many men, who purchase someone for prostitution purposes, are aware that the woman is exploited, they do not report their suspicions to the relevant authorities. According to ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The prohibition applies to Swedish peacekeepers stationed abroad, and has been implemented a number of time against military personnel exploiting women through prostitution in countries involved in armed conflict, such as in Kosovo" (page 3)."The purchase of a sexual act from a child under 18 years of age is also prohibited. 'Anyone who induces a child under the age of 18 to carry out or tolerate a sexual act in exchange for payment, shall be shall be sentenced for the purchase of a sexual act to a fine or imprisonment for at the most two years' (Penal Code, Chapter 6: Sexual Crimes, section 9). As part of the amendment to ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-1

"Men, through the exercise of power through violence against women ensured that the subordinate position of women was maintained, including by men using some women and children, mostly girls, for prostitution purposes" (page 1). "If men did not consider that they had the right to buy and sexually exploit women and children, prostitution and trafficking in human beings for sexual purposes would not occur. Consequently, men must take criminal and ethical responsibility for their own and other men’s oppressive sexual behaviour and change it" (page 2).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-DATA-1

"Almost 50% of young women Internet users have had to field requests to send sexualized photos, talk about sex or act in front of a web camera. Only 13% of young men have had the same experiences" (page 9) (Coder comment: Such disparity in the number of requests indicates how the general public expects women to be represented online - ARR).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Swedish battered women’s shelter associations also provide support and protection for women who are victims of prostitution or trafficking for sexual purpose including prostitution and pornography, and for forced marriages" (page 11).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1

"The prohibition applies to Swedish peacekeepers stationed abroad, and has been implemented a number of time against military personnel exploiting women through prostitution in countries involved in armed conflict, such as in Kosovo" (page 3).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Women and others in prostitution are not to be criminalized or subjected to administrative punishments, and have a right to live lives without being subjected to violence through the harm of prostitution" (page 2). "Those who are exploited in prostitution should be given adequate support and assistance, those who risk being prostituted should be given support and assistance, and measures to deter buyers of sexual services should be developed further . . . Women in prostitution should be seen as plaintiffs in selected cases of the purchase of sexual services allowing them to receive compensation or initiate civil suits" (page 6). "Time-limited, extendable residence permits, with a 30-day reflection period, ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-2

"Men who purchase sexual services represent all ages, with the majority between 25 and 55 years of age, all income classes and all ethnic backgrounds. They have been, or are married or cohabiting, and they often have children. Men who have or have had many sexual partners are the most common buyers. Recent Swedish research shows that the majority of those men, who had purchased sexual services, had done so on one to three occasions, whereas 10 % had purchased a sexual service on more than ten occasions, often in connection with travelling for work (33%)" (page 7).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-DATA-1

"Statistics – enforcement of the ban on the purchase of sexual services (1999-2014): Since the legislation came into force on January 1, 1999, 5452 men have been apprehended for attempting to purchase or having purchased a sexual service (PSS). In addition, 1178 men have been arrested for the purchase of a sexual act from a child (all girls) under 18 years old (PSA). Through the direct or indirect invention by the police, many more have been dissuaded from purchasing someone for the purpose of exploitation in prostitution" (page 8). "the Government/Swedish Film Institute (2003-2004) joint school Lilya 4-Ever awareness raising campaign on human trafficking in women and girls, which reached ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The Swedish administrative system is decentralized. This means that the primary responsibility for the well-being of any crime victim stems from obligations under the Social Services Act (SFS 2001:453), and is firmly placed on the 290 Swedish municipalities. The first municipal support and assistance services for victims of prostitution and trafficking in human beings opened during the mid-1970’s in the four largest cities: Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö and Norrköping. Today, municipal Prostitution Groups operate in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. These victims support services provide outreach services for individuals that are involved in prostitution, whether on the street, in indoor prostitution or through Internet advertising, and offer counselling, access to health care ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-1

"Feminists, including women with experience of prostitution, analyzed women’s position in society and how men, through the exercise of power through violence against women ensured that the subordinate position of women was maintained, including by men using some women and children, mostly girls, for prostitution purposes . . . . Prostitution is a gender-specific crime; the majority of victims are women and girls, although a number of young men and boys also fall victim" (page 1). "If men did not consider that they had the right to buy and sexually exploit women and children, prostitution and trafficking in human beings for sexual purposes would not occur . . . The ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Swedish laws and policies on prostitution and human trafficking are particularly innovative. They rest firmly on human rights principles such as: Prostitution is a serious barrier to gender equality. Prostitution is a serious problem that is harmful to the prostituted woman or child, but also to society at large. Prostitution is male sexualized violence against women, especially targeting those who are economically, racially or ethnically marginalized/discriminated. Prostitution is incompatible with internationally accepted principles of human rights: the dignity and worth of the human person and the equal rights of men and women. Prostitution is a gender-specific crime; the majority of victims are women and girls, although a number of young ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, MISA-PRACTICE-1

"Today, municipal Prostitution Groups operate in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. These victims support services provide outreach services for individuals that are involved in prostitution, whether on the street, in indoor prostitution or through Internet advertising, and offer counselling, access to health care services, and exit programs" (page 10).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"A 2009 research study on youth and Internet use shows that approximately 10% of young people between 16 and 25 have posted sexualized photos of themselves on the Internet. Almost 50% of young women Internet users have had to field requests to send sexualized photos, talk about sex or act in front of a web camera. Only 13% of young men have had the same experiences. A comprehensive study published in 2014, which investigated the differences between high school boys and girls regarding the use of pornography, sexual experiences, experience of sexual abuse, and perceptions of sexuality, concluded that: Almost all boys (96%) and 54% of the girls had watched ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The initiative to criminalize the men who buy sexual services originally came from the Swedish women’s movement, and was carried forward by the women’s associations of the political parties. Feminists, including women with experience of prostitution, analyzed women’s position in society and how men, through the exercise of power through violence against women ensured that the subordinate position of women was maintained, including by men using some women and children, mostly girls, for prostitution purposes" (page 1). "Prostitution is male sexualized violence against women, especially targeting those who are economically, racially or ethnically marginalized/discriminated" (page 1)."To end prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes, the political, social, legal and economic ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-DATA-1

"A comprehensive study published in 2014, which investigated the differences between high school boys and girls regarding the use of pornography, sexual experiences, experience of sexual abuse, and perceptions of sexuality, concluded that: . . . A higher proportion of girls (15%) than boys (6%) had experienced sexual abuse" (page 10).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Time-limited, extendable residence permits, with a 30-day reflection period, may be issued to a victim or a witness of human trafficking in order to conclude a preliminary investigation or the main proceedings in a criminal case. In 2013, the Swedish Migration Board granted 61 temporary residence permits to victims or witnesses of human trafficking. Residents in one of the 28 European Member States have the right to mobility, and can stay in any Member States for three months without applying for a residence permit" (page 14).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"All forms of legal or policy measures that legalize different prostitution activities, such as brothels, or that decriminalize the perpetrators of the prostitution industry, including pimps, traffickers, brothel owners, and buyers, are threats to gender equality and the rights of women and girls to live lives free of male violence. The legalization of prostitution will inevitably normalize an extreme form of sexual discrimination and violence and strengthen male domination of all female human beings" (page 2).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The initiative to criminalize the men who buy sexual services originally came from the Swedish women’s movement, and was carried forward by the women’s associations of the political parties. Feminists, including women with experience of prostitution, analyzed women’s position in society and how men, through the exercise of power through violence against women ensured that the subordinate position of women was maintained, including by men using some women and children, mostly girls, for prostitution purposes" (page 1). "The Special Inquiry consulted with women and men involved in prostitution, women and men who have had experiences of prostitution, the police and prosecutions services, social workers, civil society, women’s, human rights and ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings concluded in several of her annual reports that the legislation that prohibits the purchase of sexual services functions as an 'effective barrier to the establishment of traffickers in Sweden'. The National Rapporteur estimates that between 400 and 600 women are trafficked into Sweden every year, mainly from Bulgaria and Romania, the Eastern European countries such as Estonia and Lithuania, and from Russia. This number has remained fairly constant during the past several years" (page 8). "Academic research from 2008 shows that the percentage of Swedish men who have bought one or more individuals for the purpose of prostitution has decreased from 13.6% ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Those who are exploited in prostitution should be given adequate support and assistance, those who risk being prostituted should be given support and assistance, and measures to deter buyers of sexual services should be developed further . . . Women in prostitution should be seen as plaintiffs in selected cases of the purchase of sexual services allowing them to receive compensation or initiate civil suits" (page 6). "The first municipal support and assistance services for victims of prostitution and trafficking in human beings opened during the mid-1970’s in the four largest cities: Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö and Norrköping. Today, municipal Prostitution Groups operate in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. These victims support ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

On July 1, 2002, comprehensive legislation that imposed criminal liability for trafficking in human beings for sexual purposes entered into force in Sweden. On July 1, 2004, in order to be compliant with and implement the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, amendments were made to extend criminalization to all forms of trafficking in persons, including trafficking within national borders and for the purpose of, for example, forced labour, war service or exploitation for removal of organs. In 2006, the government appointed an Expert Commission with the task to develop and strengthen the existing anti-trafficking legislation. In April 2008, the government ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"According to The Asia Foundation’s 2016 Survey of the Afghan People . . . Nearly 88 percent of respondents say that a daughter should be entitled to part of the inheritance from her deceased father" (para 4). "Stated acceptability of a daughter’s entitlement to part of her deceased father’s inheritance is high among respondents with some level of education compared to those with no formal education" (para 8).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

"In 2007, the network, PRIS – Prostitutes’ Revenge in Society, was founded by and for women with experience in different areas of the sex industry. PRIS has three main aims: to provide mutual support, and support to others in the sex industry, to raise awareness of the sex industry and its negative effects, and to improve services for those who want to exit the sex industry. PRIS also has a sister organizations, The Friends of PRIS, for Feminists, who have no experience in the sex industry, but who are supportive of the aims of the organization" (page 10). "Since the late 1990’s, a large number of awareness-raising campaigns have been ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The initiative to criminalize the men who buy sexual services originally came from the Swedish women’s movement, and was carried forward by the women’s associations of the political parties. Feminists, including women with experience of prostitution, analyzed women’s position in society and how men, through the exercise of power through violence against women ensured that the subordinate position of women was maintained, including by men using some women and children, mostly girls, for prostitution purposes" (page 1). "In 1997, Sweden was the first country in Europe to appoint a National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings following a joint declaration of the European Union in 1997. This declaration recommends all ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: WAM-DATA-2

"Almost all boys (96%) and 54% of the girls had watched pornography" (page 10).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"Women and others in prostitution are not to be criminalized or subjected to administrative punishments, and have a right to live lives without being subjected to violence through the harm of prostitution. To end prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes, the political, social, legal and economic conditions under which women and girls live must be ameliorated by introducing measures such as poverty reduction, sustainable development, measures that promote gender equality and counteract male violence against women and girls, as well as social programs focusing specifically on women and girls" (page 2)."Those who are exploited in prostitution should be given adequate support and assistance, those who risk being prostituted should ...more