The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Syria

April 4, 2019, 7:45 a.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan, Egypt, Finland, Georgia, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Luxembourg, Maldives, Malta, Morocco, Peru, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-3

2.0
April 4, 2019, 7:40 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Fiji, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-2

0.0
April 4, 2019, 7:27 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Armenia, Brunei, Chile, China, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Georgia, Kuwait, Latvia, Libya, Maldives, Malta, Moldova, Morocco, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-3

2.0
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"The Commission for Family Affairs, Ministry of Justice, and Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor shared responsibility for attempting to afford equal legal rights to women" (para 196).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Da’esh also beat persons because of their dress; several sources reported Da’esh members beat women for not covering their faces. Da’esh justified its use of corporal punishment, including amputations and lashings, under religious law" (para 99). "Da’esh imposed severe restrictions on women’s personal conduct, attire, and freedom of movement in the territory it controlled" (para 184). ""In areas under its control, Da’esh published a 'Civilization Document' with 16 points that a woman must follow or face the death penalty. They included staying at home and not leaving it without an immediate male relative (mahram); wearing a wide cloak, full face veil, and head scarf; closing hair salons; not sitting on...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ATDW-LAW-5

"The law generally permits women to initiate divorce proceedings against their spouses, although some Christian sects strongly discouraged both women and men from doing so" (para 197).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports of forced marriages of women and girls for sexual slavery among Da’esh fighters" (para 9). "In August 2014 Da’esh reportedly abducted thousands of Yezidi women from Iraq and brought them to Syria for sale in markets or as rewards for Da’esh fighters. Held as slaves, Da’esh fighters subjected them and other captured women and girls to repeated sexual violence, forced marriages, and coerced abortions. In interviews with the COI, they described multiple rapes by several men, including incidents of gang rape. Numerous NGOs and activists also reported that Da’esh fighters raped women in Da’esh-held areas or forced them to marry Da’esh fighters. As of September most of...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"There are no laws against spousal rape" (para 185).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Women faced widespread violence, discrimination, and significant restrictions on their rights" (para 184).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Da’esh also beat persons because of their dress; several sources reported Da’esh members beat women for not covering their faces" (para 99)
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: SMES-DATA-3

"The COI reported that the large number of missing men contributed to a sharp rise in female-headed households and increased the number of female IDPs and refugees" (para 13).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Female victims subjected to sexual violence lacked access to immediate health care. Consequences included severe physical injuries, psychosocial trauma, unwanted pregnancies, social stigmatization, and infection with sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS. The destruction of hospitals further complicated access to health care" (para 192).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Women and men have equal legal rights in owning or managing land or other property, although cultural and religious norms impeded women’s rights, especially in rural areas" (para 199).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports of forced marriages of women and girls for sexual slavery among Da’esh fighters" (para 9). "Held as slaves, Da’esh fighters subjected them and other captured women and girls to repeated sexual violence, forced marriages, and coerced abortions" (para 93). "Da’esh systematically abducted and sexually exploited Yezidi girls in Iraq and transported them to Syria for forced marriage" (para 213). "Da’esh has also abducted thousands of Yezidi women and girls from Iraq and forcibly brought them to Syria for forced marriage, domestic servitude, systematic rape, and sexual violence" (para 243).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The law further stipulates that, if the rapist marries the victim, the rapist receives no punishment" (para 185).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"While women served in the judiciary, parliament, and high levels of government, the government often denied them decision-making positions" (para 199).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and specifies different punishments, depending on whether the victim is a minor or an adult" (para 190).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"According to local sources, Da’esh forces restricted young women in Raqqa from traveling to complete their university exams" (para 208).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Local NGOs and medical professionals reported that authorities denied medical care to prisoners with pre-existing health needs, such as diabetes, asthma, and breast cancer, and denied pregnant women any medical care" (para 40). "Da’esh also beat persons because of their dress; several sources reported Da’esh members beat women for not covering their faces" (para 99). "Reports by the SNHR, HRW, and other NGOs included interviews with female former prisoners, who reported that rape by guards and security forces was common in detention facilities" (para 185). "Security forces consistently treated violence against women as a social rather than a criminal matter. Observers reported that, when some abused women tried to file...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Before the conflict began, only 16 percent of women participated in the formal labor force, compared with 72 percent of men" (para 195).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-DATA-1

"There were limited reports of women actively participating in hostilities, including in armed Kurdish opposition groups and the mostly secular 'Mother Aisha Brigade,' considered part of the moderate armed opposition in Aleppo. There also were limited reports of female Da’esh members actively participating in armed hostilities. In Raqqa, Da’esh enlisted some women into the 'al-Khanssaa' brigade, to staff checkpoints, enforce Da’esh laws, and participate in some house raids" (para 204).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: GEW-DATA-1

"Reports from multiple UN and NGO sources indicated the number of cases of rape and other extreme sexual violence against women during the year ranged from the high hundreds to thousands. According to the COI, the government and affiliated militias systematically perpetrated rape and other inhuman attacks against civilian populations in Deir al-Zour, Dara’a, Hama, Damascus, and Tartus governorates. Detention centers were the most common location for abuse" (para 26). "Although authorities held fewer women and girls in detention than men, the SNHR estimated the number of female detainees in government prisons between the beginning of the uprising in 2011 and October to be at least 8,614. The SNHR estimated...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Although underage marriage declined considerably in past decades, it was common and occurred in all communities, albeit in greater numbers in rural and less developed regions. The media and NGOs reported that early marriage, particularly among girls, was increasing among Syrian refugee populations" (para 212).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ASR-DATA-1

"Various sources observed that women constituted a minority of lawyers, university professors, and other professions" (para 199).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law generally permits women to initiate divorce proceedings against their spouses, although some Christian sects strongly discouraged both women and men from doing so. For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case. The law does not entitle a divorced woman to alimony in some cases, such as if she gave up her right to alimony to persuade her husband to agree to the divorce. In addition, under the law a divorced mother loses the right to guardianship and physical custody of her sons when they reach the age of 13...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"In areas under its control, Da’esh published a 'Civilization Document' with 16 points that a woman must follow or face the death penalty. They included staying at home and not leaving it without an immediate male relative (mahram); wearing a wide cloak, full face veil, and head scarf; closing hair salons; not sitting on chairs in public; and not seeing male doctors" (para 203).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"In previous years the government sought to overcome traditional discriminatory attitudes toward women and encouraged women’s education by providing equal access to educational institutions, including universities" (para 195).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"The law permits judges to reduce legal penalties for murder and assault if the defendant asserts an “honor” defense, which often occurred" (para 189). "NGOs working with refugees reported families reportedly killed some rape victims inside the country, including those raped by government forces, for reasons of 'honor.' NGOs also reported the conflict led to a significant rise in 'honor' killings due to the pervasive use of rape by government forces and sexual slavery and exploitation by Da’esh" (para 189).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The law generally permits women to initiate divorce proceedings against their spouses, although some Christian sects strongly discouraged both women and men from doing so. For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case. The law does not entitle a divorced woman to alimony in some cases, such as if she gave up her right to alimony to persuade her husband to agree to the divorce. In addition, under the law a divorced mother loses the right to guardianship and physical custody of her sons when they reach the age of 13...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Women did not hold an equal share of political positions in local opposition governance bodies but remained active in civil society, humanitarian assistance delivery, media, and education" (para 200).