The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Tanzania

July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The 2001-15 National Plan of Action for the Prevention and Eradication of Violence against Women and Children enlisted the support of practitioners and community leaders in eradicating FGM/C. As part of the effort, the government continued a three-year program to eradicate FGM/C by 2016 in the Mara Region, one of the most affected areas. According to Deputy Minister for Community Development, Gender, and Children Ummy Mwalimu, the government implemented a strategy to end FGM/C in the Tarime area of Mara Region, through education on the harmful effects of the practice. The campaign targeted girls, traditional elders, parents, and FGM/C practitioners" (22).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C from being performed on girls under the age of 18, but it does not provide for protection to women ages 18 or older" (22).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"After the October election, women held 136 of the 394 seats in the unicameral union parliament, including the position of deputy speaker...Women held 25 of the 264 elected constituent seats, and one of the four seats appointed by the president" (18).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"The most widespread human rights problems in the country [included]...gender-based violence, including rape, domestic violence, and female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)" (1). "In 2014 a biannual report issued by the Legal and Human Rights Center (LHRC) stated there were 2,878 reported incidents of rape and 3,633 other reported cases of abuse of women and children from January to June 2014, although these crimes were probably significantly underreported. The Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization identified the main forms of gender-based violence as wifebeating (30 percent of cases), defilement (25 percent), rape (20 percent), sexual exploitation (13 percent), and marital rape (12 percent). According to the 2010 Demographic and Health...more
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law does not allow bail for suspects in cases involving charges of...human trafficking, or other violent offenses where the accused might pose a public safety risk" (6).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Prosecutions were rare. Many police officers and communities were unaware of the law, victims were often reluctant to testify, and some witnesses feared reprisals from FGM/C supporters. Some villagers reportedly bribed local leaders not to enforce the law in order to carry out FGM/C on their daughters" (22).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The government provided free prenatal, childbirth, and postpartum services but lacked qualified health-care professionals as well as medical supplies to offer these services widely" (22-23). "Skilled health personnel attended approximately 49 percent of births" (23).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"In 2014 a biannual report issued by the Legal and Human Rights Center (LHRC) stated there were 2,878 reported incidents of rape and 3,633 other reported cases of abuse of women and children from January to June 2014, although these crimes were probably significantly underreported. The Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization identified the main forms of gender-based violence as wifebeating (30 percent of cases), defilement (25 percent), rape (20 percent), sexual exploitation (13 percent), and marital rape (12 percent)" (21).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law provides for life imprisonment for persons convicted of rape, including spousal rape during periods of legal separation" (20).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"Girls represented approximately half of all those enrolled in primary school but were absent more often than boys due to household duties. At the secondary level, boys represented a disproportionally high percentage of enrolled students, and child marriage and pregnancy often prevented girls from finishing school" (24).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"According to the Zanzibar Female Lawyers Association, there were 161 genderbased violence cases reported in Mwera and Mfenesini district courts and the Land Tribunal. Of these, 25 cases were continuing, and two had resulted in convictions" (21).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The most widespread human rights problems in the country [included]...gender-based violence, including rape, domestic violence, and female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)" (1). "According to the 2010 Demographic and Health Survey, 15 percent of women and girls ages 15 to 49 were subjected to FGM/C, and 7 percent of girls and women ages 15 to 19 were subjected to the practice. The practice was most common in the northern and central zones: Manyara’s prevalence rate among girls and women15 to 49 years old was 71 percent, Dodoma’s 64 percent, Arusha’s 59 percent, Singida’s 51 percent, Mara’s 40 percent, Kilimanjaro’s 22 percent, Morogoro’s 21 percent, and Tanga’s 20 percent" (22).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"According to a 2013 UN Population Fund report, the maternal mortality ratio was 460 deaths per 100,000 live births, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 38" (23).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"According to the Center for Reproductive Rights, 27 percent of girls and women ages 15 to 49 used a modern form of contraception. The relatively low rate was due in part to cultural factors, lack of transportation to health clinics, and shortages of contraceptives" (22).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Women held three of the 15 ministerial positions and five of the 15 deputy minister positions announced as of December" (18).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"...child marriage and pregnancy often prevented girls from finishing school. The Center for Reproductive Rights reported in September 2013 that more than 55,000 girls over the previous decade had been expelled from school for being pregnant. Under the new Education and Training Policy launched by the government in January, pregnant girls are allowed to be reinstated in schools. The policy, however, was not yet fully implemented at year’s end" (24).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-DATA-1

"An estimated 37 percent of women between the ages of 20 and 24 were married before the age of 18, and 7 percent were married before the age of 15, according to the 2010 Demographic and Health Survey" (25).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits assault but does not specifically prohibit domestic violence" (20).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Cultural, family, and social pressures often prevented women from reporting abuse, including rape and domestic violence, and authorities rarely prosecuted persons who abused women. Persons close to the victims, such as relatives and friends, were most likely to be the perpetrators. Many who appeared in court were set free because of corruption in the judicial system, lack of evidence, poor investigations, and poor evidence preservation...There were some government efforts to combat violence against women. The government continued its 2001-15 National Plan of Action for the Prevention and Eradication of Violence against Women and Children. Police maintained 417 gender and children desks in regions throughout the country to support victims and...more
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"During the year the NEC reviewed and made formal determinations on pending asylum cases, including for Syrian, Pakistani, and Iranian applicants, and reviewed pending asylum cases of individuals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. When political unrest in Burundi led thousands of persons to cross the border into Tanzania, the government granted prima facie refugee status to the new arrivals. During the year the government agreed to allow UNHCR access to three former refugee camps to accommodate the large increase in the refugee population, which by December had reached an estimated 121,000 new arrivals" (14).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities were reportedly ineffective at protecting refugees from sexual and gender-based violence. UNHCR worked with local authorities as well as camp residents in Nyarugusu to strengthen coordination and their ability to address problems of violence--including sexual violence--against minorities. UNHCR reported the most frequent crimes were domestic violence and abuse, physical aggression, sexual abuse, and intimidation within both family units and the broader refugee community. The government investigated, prosecuted, and punished perpetrators of abuses in the camp; local authorities handled most cases of refugees involved in crime and abuse outside the camp" (15). "Many who appeared in court were set free because of corruption in the judicial system, lack of evidence,...more
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"In much of the country, education has been traditionally less valued for women than men. Recent government policies encouraging girls to go to school have contributed to increases in school attendance by girls" (23).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women experienced discrimination in employment and pay" (23). "Genderbased discrimination in terms of wages and legal protections in employment occurred frequently" (34).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The law on the mainland allows men to marry multiple wives in certain circumstances but does not allow women to have multiple husbands" (23-24).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities were reportedly ineffective at protecting refugees from sexual and gender-based violence. UNHCR worked with local authorities as well as camp residents in Nyarugusu to strengthen coordination and their ability to address problems of violence--including sexual violence--against minorities. UNHCR reported the most frequent crimes were domestic violence and abuse, physical aggression, sexual abuse, and intimidation within both family units and the broader refugee community. The government investigated, prosecuted, and punished perpetrators of abuses in the camp; local authorities handled most cases of refugees involved in crime and abuse outside the camp" (15). "Domestic violence against women remained widespread, and police rarely investigated such cases" (20).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"To circumvent these laws, individuals reportedly bribed police or paid a bride price to the family of the girl to avoid prosecution. According to Human Rights Watch (HRW), girls as young as seven were married" (25).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory, or if abroad, from one’s parents" (24).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The government continued its 2001-15 National Plan of Action for the Prevention and Eradication of Violence against Women and Children" (21).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women have the same status as men under labor law on the mainland. In Zanzibar the law states the normal retirement age for women is 55 and for men is 60" (23).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary education is compulsory and universal on both the mainland and Zanzibar until the age of 15" (24).