The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Thailand

Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"According to the UN Children’s Fund 2012 UNICEF Report Card on Adolescents, however, the birth rate in the country per 1,000 girls from 15 to 19 years was 43, placing it second highest among countries in East Asia and the Pacific" (37).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal in both the public and private sectors. The law specifies maximum fines of 20,000 baht ($550) for individuals convicted of sexual harassment. The punishment depends on the degree of harassment. Abuse categorized as an indecent act may result in maximum 15 years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of 30,000 baht ($830)" (37).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government allowed UNHCR to monitor the protection status of the more than 110,000 Burmese refugees and asylum seekers living in nine camps along the border with Burma but prohibited UNHCR from any assistance role in the camps" (26). There are a large number of refugees coming from Burma (aka Myanmar), which borders Thailand (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"There were 13 women in the NCPO-appointed 218-member NLA...The previous elected government had 81 women in the 500-seat lower house" (31).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"NGO-supported programs included emergency hotlines, temporary shelters, and counseling services to increase awareness of domestic violence, HIV/AIDS, and other matters involving women...The government’s crisis centers, located in all state-run hospitals, cared for abused women and children, although several centers faced budget constraints. Government hospitals referred abused women to private organizations when inhospital services were not available" (36). "The Ministry of Social Development and Human Security continued to develop a community-based system, operating in all regions of the country, to protect women from domestic violence. The program focused on training representatives from each community on women’s rights and abuse prevention to increase community awareness" (36).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government reported investigating 280 trafficking cases, prosecuting 155 traffickers, and obtaining convictions against 151 traffickers during 2014. Of the 280 trafficking cases, 58 investigations (20 percent) involved suspected cases of forced labor" (49).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-4

"NGOs lobbied for more female investigators in police stations to deal with violence against women cases, and police made some efforts to increase women’s enrollment into the Police Cadet Academy. During the year female officers constituted approximately 8 percent of police personnel countrywide, the same as reported in 2014. There were an estimated 300 female police investigators nationwide, with 130 based in Bangkok" (35). "The Police Cadet Academy for commissioned officers accepts female cadets and reserved 70 of 280 places in the cadet class for women. The first female cadet class graduated from the four-year program in 2013, and three groups of 70 women have graduated from the program and ...more
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: EWCMS-DATA-1

"According to the Ministry of Defense’s Personnel Directorate, 96 women held the rank of general or equivalent across all military branches and within the Ministry of Defense as of August, an increase from 85 in 2014. Women also accounted for approximately 35,000 of the country’s 300,000 military personnel" (38).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In April the government reaffirmed its “zero tolerance” policy for human trafficking and re-emphasized combatting trafficking in persons (TIP) as a national priority. The government established a new prime minister-led national committee to combat human trafficking, forced labor, child labor, illegal migration, and illegal fishing to address problems in a more integrated manner" (49).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CBMC-DATA-1

"According to a World Health Organization report, the country has the second highest number of teenage births among Association of Southeast Asian Nations countries" (40).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"...three female ministers in the 34-person interim cabinet (Ministry of Tourism and Sport, Ministry of Industry, and Ministry of Commerce)" (31). "According to the Office of the Civil Service Commission, women held 17 percent of executive-level civil service positions, a significant decrease from 2014" (38).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs suggested reports of early forced marriage in the country were not yet at the level of serious concern when compared to the problems of rape, domestic violence, and premature pregnancy among teens. Nonetheless, NGOs noted early forced marriage between student teens who become pregnant, a practice to 'save face' and protect the baby’s legal status, appeared to be increasing as the country’s teenage pregnancy rate also increased" (40).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Military academies (except for the nursing academy) refused admittance to female students, although a significant number of instructors were women" (38).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law imposes a maximum fine of 6,000 baht ($170) or a maximum of six months’ imprisonment for violators and provides authorities, with court approval, the power to prohibit offenders from remaining in their homes or contacting family members during trial. The law also establishes measures designed to facilitate both the reporting of domestic violence complaints and reconciliation between the victim and the perpetrator. Additionally, the law restricts media reporting on domestic violence cases in the judicial system" (35-36). "Sentencing in those cases that resulted in conviction included imprisonment of the abuser (three months maximum); attendance at mental “rehabilitation;” or payment of fines, probation, or both" (36).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law specifies penalties for conviction of rape or forcible sexual assault ranging from four years’ imprisonment to the death penalty, as well as fines, depending on such factors as age of the victim, severity of the assault, use of a weapon, multiple assailants, and physical and mental condition of the victim afterward. The amount of the fine depends on the severity of injury to the victim and generally varies from 8,000 to 40,000 baht ($220 to $1,110). The law also provides that any individual convicted twice for the same type of criminal rape within three years may receive increased penalties for recidivism" (35). "The law imposes a jail term ...more
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs lobbied for more female investigators in police stations to deal with violence against women cases, and police made some efforts to increase women’s enrollment into the Police Cadet Academy" (35). Public discourse and lobbying appears to be influencing policies, meaning that the discourse is taken at least somewhat seriously. Some issues, such as sexual assault/rape, are given more consideration than others, such as domestic violence laws (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No specific law prohibits this practice" (36). This refers specifically to female genital mutilation and cutting, FGM/C (AA-CODER COMMENT). "There were no reports of international or governmental efforts to prevent or address the practice" (37).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities prosecuted some domestic violence crimes, particularly cases where the perpetrator seriously injured the victim, under provisions for assault or violence against a person, where they could seek harsher penalties. Domestic violence frequently went unreported, however, and police often were reluctant to pursue reports of domestic violence" (36).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The government designed its Bureau of Women’s Affairs and Family Development to promote the legal rights of women, notably under the Bureau of Gender Equality Promotion, but it is not an independent agency" (38).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law also imposes heavy penalties on persons convicted of sexually exploiting persons younger than 18 years, including for pimping, trafficking, and other sexual crimes against children" (40). "Penalties for conviction under the amended anti-TIP laws range from four years to life imprisonment and a fine of 80,000 to 400,000 baht ($2,220 to $11,090). The amended anti-TIP law also provides protection to whistle blowers and gives authoritative power to halt operations temporarily or suspend licenses of businesses and vehicles involved in human trafficking. Nonetheless, the lack of clarity in law and practice on what constitutes forced labor or debt bondage undermined the government’s efforts to identify labor trafficking victims and ...more
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"There were numerous incidents of police charged with abduction, sexual harassment, theft, and malfeasance..." (32). The majority of sexual harassment charges are assumed to be against women (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Leaders of a lawyer’s association as well as academics reported the practice of innocent women throughout the country and particularly in the north pleading guilty to criminal offenses, usually involving illegal drugs, in order for a male relative, in most cases their husbands, to avoid prosecution or trial. Family members and others often pressured these women to provide false confessions, ostensibly to enable the male offender to continue to provide financially for the family. Criminal defense attorneys insisted police, prosecutors, and ...more
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal, although the government did not always enforce the law effectively. The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred" (34-35). "The law provides for the protection of children from abuse, and laws on rape and abandonment carry harsher penalties if the victim is a child" (39). "If the victim is between ages 13 and 15 years, the penalty for conviction is four to 20 years’ imprisonment and the same range of fines" (39). The age of consent cut-off in Thailand is 15 years old, which is implied in this statement about the age range cut-off for victims of sexual assault and rape (AA-CODER COMMENT).more
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for marriage for both sexes is 17 years; however, anyone younger than 20 years requires parental consent. A court may grant permission to marry for those ages 15 to 16 years" (40).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The publicly funded medical system provided access to contraceptive services and information, prenatal care, skilled attendance during childbirth, and essential obstetric and postpartum care. According to the UN Population Fund’s 2014 State of World Population Report, approximately 80 percent of women and girls from 15 to 49 years used modern contraception methods" (37).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the production, distribution, import, or export of child pornography. The penalty for conviction is a maximum imprisonment of three years or a maximum fine of 6,000 baht ($170), or both" (40). "In September the government amended the criminal code to define more clearly punishment for those who possess or distribute child pornography with a maximum of 10 years’ imprisonment, and maximum fine of 200,000 baht ($5,540)" (41). "Additional legal reforms included...amendments to the anti-TIP act, and new criminal code to criminalize child pornography" (49).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Rape is illegal, although the government did not always enforce the law effectively" (34). "Police showed reluctance to investigate abuse cases, and rules of evidence made prosecution of child abuse difficult" (39).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Academics and women’s rights activists maintained that the measure within the law that allows for offenders younger than 18 years to avoid prosecution by choosing to marry their victim constituted a violation of women’s rights" (35).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred" (34-35).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"In mid-year the government passed the Gender Equality Act, imposing a maximum jail term of six months or a maximum fine of 20,000 baht ($550), or both, for anyone committing gender discrimination...Some NGOs voiced concern regarding the new law because of a section that stipulates two exceptions--religious principles and national security." (37-38). It is important to acknowledge the passing of this act as an indication that Thailand officials are attempting to improve the status of women, but they are doing so using a limited method based on the concerns of NGOs (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-1

"Government regulations require employers to pay equal wages and benefits for equal work, regardless of gender. Nonetheless, women received lower pay for equal work in many sectors of the economy. Employers did not allow women to work in all industries available to men, and women tended to be concentrated in lower-paying jobs" (54).