The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Thailand

July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, AW-LAW-1

"The law allows victims of trafficking and witnesses who cooperate with pending court cases to work legally during and up to two years after the end of their trial involvement" (page 23).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Rape is illegal, although the government did not always enforce the law effectively. The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred. The law specifies penalties for conviction of rape or forcible sexual assault ranging from four years’ imprisonment to the death penalty as well as fines , , , According to NGOs the government underfunded agencies tasked with addressing the problem, and victims often perceived police as incapable of bringing perpetrators to justice" (page 28).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for marriage for both sexes is 17, while anyone younger than 20 requires parental consent. A court may grant permission for children between the ages of 15 and 16 to marry" (page 31).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Union leaders stated the wage differences for men and women were generally minimal and were mostly due to different skills, duration of employment, types of jobs, as well as legal requirements, which prohibit the employment of women in hazardous work" (page 40).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The interim constitution purported to protect 'all human dignity, rights, liberties, and equality of the people.' The 2017 constitution provides that 'men and women shall enjoy equal rights and liberties. Unjust discrimination against a person on the grounds of differences in origin, race, language, sex, age, disability, physical or health condition, personal status, economic or social standing, religious belief, education or political view, shall not be permitted' . . . The law imposes a maximum jail term of six months or a maximum fine of 20,000 baht ($612) or both, for anyone committing gender discrimination. The law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender and sexual identity in policy, rule, regulation, notification,...more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Child sex trafficking remained a problem and the country continued to be a destination for child sex tourism, although the government initiated new programs to combat the problem. Children from migrant populations, ethnic minorities, and poor families remained particularly vulnerable, and police arrested parents who forced their children into prostitution. Citizens and foreign sex tourists committed pedophilia crimes, including the commercial sexual exploitation of children" (page 31). "In 2016, 14 migrant workers filed a complaint with the NHRCT alleging forced labor, confiscation of documents, abusive working and living conditions, excessive overtime, unlawful salary deductions, and limited freedom of movement" (page 38). "Children from Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, and ethnic minority...more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs asserted that rape was a serious problem, and noted a measure in the law allows offenders younger than 18 to avoid prosecution by choosing to marry their victim. They also maintained that victims underreported rapes and domestic assaults, in part due to a lack of understanding by authorities that impeded effective implementation of the law regarding violence against women. According to NGOs the government underfunded agencies tasked with addressing the problem, and victims often perceived police as incapable of bringing perpetrators to justice" (page 28).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law provides heavy penalties for persons who procure, lure, compel, or threaten children younger than 18 for the purpose of prostitution, with higher penalties for persons who purchase sexual intercourse with a child younger than 15. Authorities may punish parents who allow a child to enter into prostitution and revoke their parental rights . . . The law also imposes heavy penalties on persons convicted of sexually exploiting persons younger than 18, including for pimping, trafficking, and other sexual crimes against children" (page 31). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, except in the case of national emergency, war, martial law, or imminent public calamity. The...more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the production, distribution, import, or export of child pornography" (page 31).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal in both the public and private sectors. The law specifies maximum fines of 20,000 baht ($612) for those convicted of sexual harassment, while abuse categorized as an indecent act may result in a maximum 15 years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of 30,000 baht ($919). The law governing the civil service also prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates five levels of punishment: probation, docked wages, salary reduction, suspension, and termination. NGOs claimed the legal definition of harassment was vague and prosecution of harassment claims difficult, leading to ineffective enforcement of the law" (page 29).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

Children from Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, and ethnic minority communities were engaged in labor in informal sectors in the country, including farming, fishing, restaurants, street vending, auto services, food processing, manufacturing, construction, domestic work, and begging. Some children engaged in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, child pornography, as well as production and trafficking of drugs (see section 6, Children). Factors contributing to child labor can include poverty, family commitment, distance from schools, parents’ occupations, and importance placed on education by parents. Limited reports continued that insurgent groups in the southernmost provinces recruited children to commit arson or act as scouts or informants" (page 39).more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs expressed concern the law’s family unity approach puts undue pressure on a victim to compromise without addressing safety issues and led to a low conviction rate. Authorities prosecuted some domestic violence crimes under provisions for assault or violence against a person, where they could seek harsher penalties. Women’s rights groups reported domestic violence frequently went unreported, however, and police often were reluctant to pursue reports of domestic violence" (page 28-29). "The law provides for the protection of children from abuse, and laws on rape and abandonment carry harsher penalties if the victim is a child. The law provides for protection of witnesses, victims, and offenders younger than 18 in...more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported that FGM/C occurred in the Muslim-majority south, although statistics were unavailable" (page 29).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law establishes measures designed to facilitate both the reporting of domestic violence complaints and reconciliation between the victim and the perpetrator. Moreover, the law restricts media reporting on domestic violence cases in the judicial system. NGOs expressed concern the law’s family unity approach puts undue pressure on a victim to compromise without addressing safety issues and led to a low conviction rate" (page 28-29). "The law provides for the protection of children from abuse, and laws on rape and abandonment carry harsher penalties if the victim is a child. The law provides for protection of witnesses, victims, and offenders younger than 18 in abuse and pedophilia cases" (page 31).more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Union leaders stated the wage differences for men and women were generally minimal and were mostly due to different skills, duration of employment, types of jobs, as well as legal requirements, which prohibit the employment of women in hazardous work. Nonetheless, a 2016 International Labor Organization (ILO) report on migrant women in the country’s construction sector found female migrant workers consistently received less than their male counterparts, and more than one-half were paid less than the official minimum wage, especially for overtime work" (page 40).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Ministry of Defense policy limits the percentage of female officers to not more than 25 percent in most units, with specialized hospital/medical, budgetary, and finance units permitted 35 percent" (page 30).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The law bases citizenship on birth to at least one citizen parent, marriage to a male citizen, or naturalization" (page 24). "Women were unable to confer citizenship to their noncitizen spouses in the same way as male citizens" (page 30).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"In 2015 authorities confined in IDCs and shelters approximately 870 Rohingya and Bangladeshi persons who arrived in the country irregularly by boat during the mass movement in the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea in May 2015. As of September approximately 140 persons (mostly Rohingya) remained in detention. Authorities continued to treat refugees and asylum seekers from Burma who lived outside of designated border camps, including Rohingya boat arrivals, as illegal migrants. Persons categorized as illegal migrants are legally subject to arrest and detention. Although reinstated in 2013, authorities had not permitted bail for detained refugees and asylum seekers since mid-2016. International humanitarian organizations noted concerns about congested conditions, lack...more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"Most trials are public; however, the court may order a closed trial, particularly in cases involving national security, the royal family, children, or sexual abuse" (page 9).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal in both the public and private sectors. The law specifies maximum fines of 20,000 baht ($612) for those convicted of sexual harassment, while abuse categorized as an indecent act may result in a maximum 15 years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of 30,000 baht ($919). The law governing the civil service also prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates five levels of punishment: probation, docked wages, salary reduction, suspension, and termination. NGOs claimed the legal definition of harassment was vague and prosecution of harassment claims difficult, leading to ineffective enforcement of the law" (page 29). "The law imposes a maximum jail term of six months or a maximum...more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Authorities continued to treat refugees and asylum seekers from Burma who lived outside of designated border camps, including Rohingya boat arrivals, as illegal migrants. Persons categorized as illegal migrants are legally subject to arrest and detention. Although reinstated in 2013, authorities had not permitted bail for detained refugees and asylum seekers since mid-2016" (page 20-21). "The government allowed undocumented migrant workers from neighboring Burma, Cambodia, and Laos to work legally in certain economic sectors if they registered with authorities and followed a prescribed process to document their status" (page 23).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process; however, their participation was limited" (page 26).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The law provides heavy penalties for persons who procure, lure, compel, or threaten children younger than 18 for the purpose of prostitution, with higher penalties for persons who purchase sexual intercourse with a child younger than 15. Authorities may punish parents who allow a child to enter into prostitution and revoke their parental rights" (page 31).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No specific law prohibits this practice . . . There were no reports of governmental efforts to prevent or address the practice" (page 29).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (page 29).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides that government schools must admit children of any legal status who can speak, read, and write Thai with some degree of proficiency" (page 23). "The 2017 constitution provides that all children receive free “quality education for 12 years, from preschool to the completion of compulsory education,” which is defined as through grade nine. NGOs reported that children of registered migrants, unregistered migrants, refugees, or asylum seekers also had limited access to government schools" (page 30-31).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The precoup constitution encouraged political parties to consider a “close proximity of equal numbers” of both genders. Neither the interim constitution nor the 2017 constitution contains such a provision" (page 25-26).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Some social stigma remained for persons with HIV/AIDS despite intensive educational efforts by the government and NGOs. There were reports some employers refused to hire persons who tested positive for HIV" (page 34).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-2

"Military academies (except for the nursing academy) refused admission to female students, although a significant number of instructors were women" (page 30).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"In contrast to the interim constitution, the 2017 constitution largely provides citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage, although particulars about the electoral process and the composition of members of parliament remained pending, and elections had not been held by year’s end" (page 25).