The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Togo

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Bahamas, Benin, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Congo, D R Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Iceland, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, North Korea, Peru, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

0.0
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Articles 317 through 320 of the penal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of 10 to 20 years’ imprisonment and fines between 10 million and 50 million West African CFA francs (FCFA) ($17,590 and $87,930) for offenses involving an adult victim, and 20 to 30 years’ imprisonment and fines between 20 million and 50 million FCFA ($35,170 and $87,930) for offenses involving a child victim. These penalties were sufficiently stringent, and with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape" (468).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"The government did not report how many victims these shelters served during the reporting period. The government did not offer temporary or permanent residency status to foreign victims facing hardship or retribution upon return to their country of origin (...) While there were no reports the government penalized any trafficking victims for unlawful acts traffickers compelled them to commit, authorities may have arrested or deported some victims due to the lack of victim identification SOPs and understanding of the crime among officials" (468-469).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Togo, and traffickers exploit victims from Togo abroad (…) These illicit recruiters promise lucrative employment for the children and pay parents an advance, before transporting the minors to Lome, where traffickers subject minors to forced labor as domestic servants, roadside vendors, and porters, or exploit them in child sex trafficking. (...) Nigerians subject Togolese men to forced labor in agriculture and Togolese women to domestic servitude in Nigeria. Fraudulent labor agencies recruit Togolese women for employment in Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, the United States, and Europe, where traffickers subject them to domestic servitude or sex trafficking"...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Togo does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Togo was upgraded to Tier 2. These efforts included prosecuting and convicting more suspected traffickers; identifying more victims; and increasing funding for awareness raising activities. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. The government did not develop victim identification standard operating procedures (SOPs); enact legislation including victim protections; or update its national action plan from 2008" (467-468). "The government increased law enforcement efforts. (...) The government continued...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2018, the government reported identifying 204 victims of trafficking—118 minors and 86 adults—compared to identifying 126 total victims during the previous reporting period" (468).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"There are no restrictions on women signing contracts, opening bank accounts, or owning property. Women did not experience formal sector economic discrimination in access to employment (see section 7.d.), credit, or managing a business" (Pg 12). "Under traditional law, which applies to the vast majority of women, a husband legally may restrict his wife’s freedom to work and control her earnings" (Pg 19).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"The law does not specifically address domestic violence, and domestic violence against women continued to be widespread. Police generally did not intervene in abusive situations, and many women were not aware of the formal judicial mechanisms designed to protect them. Although there were no official efforts to combat domestic violence, several NGOs were active in educating women on their rights" (Pg 11). "The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women. It is usually perpetrated a few months after birth. According to 2015 data from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), FGM/C had been performed on 3 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 and on 1 percent of...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment was a problem. While the law states harassment is illegal and may be prosecuted in court, no specific punishment is prescribed, and authorities did not enforce the law" (Pg 11).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women. It is usually perpetrated a few months after birth. According to 2015 data from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), FGM/C had been performed on 3 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 and on 1 percent of girls and young women ages15 to 19. The most common form of FGM/C was excision. Penalties for those convicted of FGM/C range from two months to five years in prison as well as substantial fines. The law was rarely enforced because most cases occurred in rural areas where awareness of the law was limited or traditional customs often took precedence over the...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, DACH-DATA-2

"The government recognized the right of couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing, and timing of their children, to have the information and means to do so, and to manage their reproductive health, free from discrimination, coercion, and violence. Health clinics and local NGOs operated freely in disseminating information on family planning under the guidance of the Ministry of Health. There were no restrictions on the right to access contraceptives, but according to the 2015 Demographic Health Survey (DHS), only 17 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 used a modern method of contraception. The UN Population Division estimated the unmet need for...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"Skilled health-care personnel attended approximately 60 percent of births. Although the government provided free cesarean sections, it did not provide free childbirth services generally, and the lack of doctors meant most women used skilled midwives for childbirth as well as for prenatal and postnatal care, unless the mother or child suffered serious health complications. The maternal mortality rate was 400 deaths per 100,000 live births, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 50, according to the DHS. The most common causes of maternal mortality were hemorrhaging, adolescent pregnancy, and lack of access to skilled obstetric care during childbirth" (Pg 12).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women. It is usually perpetrated a few months after birth. According to 2015 data from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), FGM/C had been performed on 3 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 and on 1 percent of girls and young women ages15 to 19. The most common form of FGM/C was excision. Penalties for those convicted of FGM/C range from two months to five years in prison as well as substantial fines. The law was rarely enforced because most cases occurred in rural areas where awareness of the law was limited or traditional customs often took precedence over the...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment and occupation based on race, gender, disability, citizenship, national origin, political opinion, and language but does not specifically prohibit such discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases. Evidence of hiring discrimination ranged from job advertisements that specified gender and age to requiring an applicant’s photograph. Migrant workers enjoy the same legal protections, wages, and working conditions as citizens. Penalties for violations include a fine of up to one million CFA francs ($1,733) and a sentence of up to six months in prison" (Pg 19). "Under traditional law, which applies to the vast majority of women, a husband...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Although women and men are equal under the law, women continued to experience discrimination in education, pay (see section 7.d.), pension benefits, and inheritance. In urban areas women and girls dominated market activities and commerce. Harsh economic conditions in rural areas, where most of the population lived, left women with little time for activities other than domestic tasks and agricultural fieldwork. While formal law supersedes traditional law, it is slow, distant, and expensive to access; rural women were effectively subject to traditional law" (Pg 12).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Although women and men are equal under the law, women continued to experience discrimination in education, pay (see section 7.d.), pension benefits, and inheritance. In urban areas women and girls dominated market activities and commerce. Harsh economic conditions in rural areas, where most of the population lived, left women with little time for activities other than domestic tasks and agricultural fieldwork. While formal law supersedes traditional law, it is slow, distant, and expensive to access; rural women were effectively subject to traditional law" (Pg 12). "School attendance is compulsory for boys and girls until age 15, and the government provides tuition-free public education from nursery through primary school. Parents must...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for girls and 20 for boys, although both may marry under these ages with parental consent. According to a 2015 UNICEF report, 25 percent of women ages 20-24 were married or in a union before age 18, and 6 percent were married or in union before age 15. The practice significantly declined in recent years. Rates were highest in the Savannah Region at 61 percent, followed by the Plateau Region at 37 percent, Kara Region at 36 percent, Central Region at 31 percent, and the Maritime Region at 29 percent. The government and NGOs engaged in a range of actions to prevent early...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for girls and 20 for boys, although both may marry under these ages with parental consent. According to a 2015 UNICEF report, 25 percent of women ages 20-24 were married or in a union before age 18, and 6 percent were married or in union before age 15. The practice significantly declined in recent years. Rates were highest in the Savannah Region at 61 percent, followed by the Plateau Region at 37 percent, Kara Region at 36 percent, Central Region at 31 percent, and the Maritime Region at 29 percent" (Pg 13).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Under traditional law a wife has no maintenance or child support rights in the event of divorce or separation" (Pg 12).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Overcrowding was a problem. There were 4,422 prisoners (including 124 women) in 12 prisons and jails designed to hold 2,720. Men often guarded women. There were 38 juveniles held in the Brigade for Minors facility. Authorities placed the infants of female pretrial detainees and prisoners in the care of government-supported private nurseries. Officials held pretrial detainees with convicted prisoners. Medical facilities were inadequate or nonexistent, prisoners did not have access to potable water, and disease was widespread" (Pg 2).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, or social status, although the government did not enforce these provisions effectively. The constitution and law do not prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity" (Pg 10).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Although women and men are equal under the law, women continued to experience discrimination in education, pay (see section 7.d.), pension benefits, and inheritance. In urban areas women and girls dominated market activities and commerce. Harsh economic conditions in rural areas, where most of the population lived, left women with little time for activities other than domestic tasks and agricultural fieldwork. While formal law supersedes traditional law, it is slow, distant, and expensive to access; rural women were effectively subject to traditional law. There are no restrictions on women signing contracts, opening bank accounts, or owning property. Women did not experience formal sector economic discrimination in access to employment (see...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"There are no restrictions on women signing contracts, opening bank accounts, or owning property. Women did not experience formal sector economic discrimination in access to employment (see section 7.d.), credit, or managing a business" (Pg 12).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Under traditional law, which applies to the vast majority of women, a husband legally may restrict his wife’s freedom to work and control her earnings" (Pg 19).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically address domestic violence, and domestic violence against women continued to be widespread. Police generally did not intervene in abusive situations, and many women were not aware of the formal judicial mechanisms designed to protect them. Although there were no official efforts to combat domestic violence, several NGOs were active in educating women on their rights" (Pg 11).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape; it does not specifically address spousal rape, which was rarely reported for societal reasons and, if reported, was often ignored by authorities. The law provides for prison terms of five to 10 years for those convicted. A maximum prison term for conviction of 20 years applies if the victim is a child under age 14; is gang-raped; or if the rape results in pregnancy, disease, or incapacitation lasting more than six weeks. The government was diligent in investigating reports of rape and prosecuting suspects, but victims were reluctant to report incidents due to the social stigma associated with being raped and fear of reprisal. Although neither...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Although women and men are equal under the law, women continued to experience discrimination in education, pay (see section 7.d.), pension benefits, and inheritance. In urban areas women and girls dominated market activities and commerce. Harsh economic conditions in rural areas, where most of the population lived, left women with little time for activities other than domestic tasks and agricultural fieldwork. While formal law supersedes traditional law, it is slow, distant, and expensive to access; rural women were effectively subject to traditional law" (Pg 12). "The government, in general, did not effectively enforce the law. Gender-based discrimination in employment and occupation occurred (see section 6, Women.). Although the law requires...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women. It is usually perpetrated a few months after birth. According to 2015 data from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), FGM/C had been performed on 3 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 and on 1 percent of girls and young women ages15 to 19. The most common form of FGM/C was excision. Penalties for those convicted of FGM/C range from two months to five years in prison as well as substantial fines. The law was rarely enforced because most cases occurred in rural areas where awareness of the law was limited or traditional customs often took precedence over the...more