The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Turkey

Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Women serve only as officers or noncommissioned officers in Turkey" (para 8).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Young people also learn how to prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections like HIV, and they are exposed to messages about human rights and gender equality" (para 7). "Before the annual Reed Dance, for example, community leaders hold local-level dialogues for the young attendees, providing information about avoiding pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, as well as how to access reproductive health services" (para 14).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"The decision to allow female soldiers to wear head scarves threatens to deepen concerns that Mr. Erdogan seeks to sever the country from its secular moorings" (para 9). "But many welcomed the decision. While some criticize Mr. Edogan for disregarding democratic norms, citing a continuing purge of thousands of people accused of being dissidents, others praise him for bringing dignity to Turkey's pious majority, which for decades was excluded from public life by the country's secular elite" (para 15). "[Merve Kavacki] was once one of those particularly affected by discrimination against veiled woman....she is herself a former lawmaker who was screamed at, and later expelled from parliament, when she arrived ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2002, the government...has gradually opened the punblic sphere to veiled women - allowing the veil on university campuses in 2011 and in the civil service in 2013" (para 5).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Since 2002, the government...has gradually opened the punblic sphere to veiled women... The first veiled judge appeared in court in 2015" (para 5).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Woman in the Turkish armed forces have been given the right to wear Islamic head scarves in a move that represents a significant cultural shift within an institution seen historically as the guardian of Turkey's secular identity" (para 1). The military was one of the last Turkish institutions to forbid the wearing of the hijab" (para 2). "The decision... highlights the transformation in the years since of both the military and society, where the head scarf has long been emblematic of the struggle between the country's secular and religious factions" (para 4). "Since 2002, the government...has gradually opened the punblic sphere to veiled women - allowing the veil on university ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The decision [to allow women in Turkish armed forces to wear a hijab]... highlights the transformation in the years since of both the military and society, where the head scarf has long been emblematic of the struggle between the country's secular and religious factions" (para 4).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-2

"Woman in the Turkish armed forces have been given the right to wear Islamic head scarves in a move that represents a significant cultural shift within an institution seen historically as the guardian of Turkey's secular identity" (para 1). The military was one of the last Turkish institutions to forbid the wearing of the hijab" (para 2).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: EWCMS-DATA-1

"As of 2013, the last year of official data, there were 1,345 female commissioned officers and 370 female noncommissioned officers out of 723,741 military personnel in Turkey" (para 8).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: SRACE-LAW-1

"Mr. Erdogan's toughest critics fear he secretly hopes to creat a second Iran, where a teenager was expelled from the national chess team on Monday for refusing to wear a head scarf during a tournament in Spain" (para 12).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"Protesters say there has been an increase in the number of verbal and physical attacks against women for their choice of clothing in Turkey in recent years" (para 4). "In one incident in June, a young woman, Asena Melisa Sağlam, was attacked by a man on a bus in Istanbul for wearing shorts during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Video of the incident showed the man hitting her while the bus driver watched. 'Are you not ashamed of dressing like this during Ramadan?' the footage showed the man saying" (para 5-6). "Another woman, Ayşegül Terzi, was called a 'devil' and kicked by a man on a public bus, also ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-2

"Since the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) took office nearly 15 years ago, restrictions on wearing the headscarf have been eased and more women in the country have chosen to wear it. The march also saw several women protesting against the criticism they have faced for choosing to wear headscarves" (para 10-11). Despite the change in law that would be viewed as positive, the criticism and violence faced by the women who take advantage of the law is discouraging and illustrates that in practice things are not improving as we would hope (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Hundreds of women marched in Istanbul on July 29 to protest against violence and animosity they face from men demanding they dress more conservatively" (para 1).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Since the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) took office nearly 15 years ago, restrictions on wearing the headscarf have been eased and more women in the country have chosen to wear it" (para 10).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Protesters say there has been an increase in the number of verbal and physical attacks against women for their choice of clothing in Turkey in recent years" (para 4). "In one incident in June, a young woman, Asena Melisa Sağlam, was attacked by a man on a bus in Istanbul for wearing shorts during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Video of the incident showed the man hitting her while the bus driver watched. 'Are you not ashamed of dressing like this during Ramadan?' the footage showed the man saying" (para 5-6). "In another incident, Canan Kaymakçı, was harassed on the street in Istanbul when a man accused her of ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-LAW-2

"Since the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) took office nearly 15 years ago, restrictions on wearing the headscarf have been eased and more women in the country have chosen to wear it" (para 10). Legally women used to be banned from wearing headscarves in particular situations and areas. This has now been revoked and women face no legal barriers to wearing the headscarf (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"A mother of two . . . ran off with a man when she was 14. She had two children, and their father is in jail for 8 years. Kesir referred to the couple as man and wife, which makes one wonder when they legally got married" (para 6).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:31 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"This issue, Kesir claimed, was brought to their attention by a mother of two who ran off with a man when she was 14. She had two children, and their father is in jail for 8 years. Kesir referred to the couple as man and wife, which makes one wonder when they legally got married and when these children were born. Why was this illegal situation not caught when the first baby was born? Kesir claimed that his main concern was to help the father, who was not referred to as a pedophile. She did not explain how a law can be suggested exclusively for an existing case and not ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"This is the most mind-boggling section of the report. It establishes the legal age of marriage as 15, not 18, and considers those younger than 15 to be minors. So if these minors are engaged in sex with adults and if they decide to get married then there will be no charge of pedophilia. Rather, the marriage will be observed for five years and if there is no physical violence then there will be no punishment. This has been named in Turkish social media as 'marrying your rapist' law. Facing mounting criticism, Ayse Kesir, AKP parliamentarian and chairwoman of the commission, appeared on CNN Turk and claimed this suggestion would ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-DATA-1

"The marriage rate is 7.7 % annually" (para 14).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The marriage will be observed for five years and if there is no physical violence then there will be no punishment" (para 5) (Coder comment: If marital rape is not considered physical violence, it will not be prosecuted - ARR).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Employment rates for women are very low in Turkey" (para 12).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The report . . . establishes the legal age of marriage as 15, not 18, and considers those younger than 15 to be minors" (para 5).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"So why not observe these marriages for five years and keep the men out of jail to keep the sanctity of the marriage? This issue, Kesir claimed, was brought to their attention by a mother of two who ran off with a man when she was 14. She had two children, and their father is in jail for 8 years. Kesir referred to the couple as man and wife, which makes one wonder when they legally got married and when these children were born. Why was this illegal situation not caught when the first baby was born? Kesir claimed that his main concern was to help the father, who was ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"As predicted, family advisers from Diyanet (Religious Affairs Directorate) are to be appointed to reconcile couples, as well as helping them through divorce. For example, the report advocates that if the divorce court observes there is still hope for the couple and their marriage; they will be referred to work with family advisers. Given the Islamic approach of Diyanet to gender issues, one cannot help but wonder how their advice will balance out with the secular civic code. Understandably, opponents of the draft report voice concerns about the rising influence of Islamic laws on Turkish civil code to prevent divorce, as the data is controversial. . . . Second, issues ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"It is worth noting that polygamy is only mentioned twice in the report, as one of the negative effects of the media. Similarly, religious marriage — which is not legal in Turkey, yet quite common particularly for underage and polygamy settings — is mentioned only once" (para 7) (Coder comment: though religious marriage is not legal, it is common and practiced for polygamous marriages - ARR).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The marriage will be observed for five years and if there is no physical violence then there will be no punishment" (para 5) (Coder comment: non-physical abuse would not be prosecuted - ARR).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"There are several serious social problems in Turkey, such as . . . Increasing cases of pedophilia and widespread sexual violence" (para 3). "Ayse Kesir, AKP parliamentarian and chairwoman of the commission, appeared on CNN Turk and claimed this suggestion would only apply to 3,000 families that have been already identified, as the young girls have willingly run away with their lovers, and had children" (para 6).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"On Twitter, hundreds of critical tweets poured in under the hashtags #BosanmaKomisyonu (Divorce Commission) and #DevletTecavuzcuyleEvlendiriyor (State Forces Marriage with Rapists)" (para 2) (Coder comment: this is a reaction to the provisions in the divorce commission absolving perpetrators of guilt if they marry their rape victims - ARR). "This is the most mind-boggling section of the report. It establishes the legal age of marriage as 15, not 18, and considers those younger than 15 to be minors. So if these minors are engaged in sex with adults and if they decide to get married then there will be no charge of pedophilia. Rather, the marriage will be observed for five ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"On Jan. 14, the Turkish parliament established an investigative commission called 'Protecting the Integrity of Family,' with the purpose of investigating the causes of the skyrocketing divorce rates" (para 1) (Coder comment: if the government deems it necessary to prevent divorce, we can conclude that society does not view single parenthood as acceptable - ARR).