The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Turkey

Dec. 12, 2018, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-DATA-4

According to the WHO violence and homocide statistics, the total femicide rate as of 2015 was 0.7 per 100,000 female population. For ages 15-44, the rate was calculated to be 0.42 per 100,000 female population.
Dec. 11, 2018, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-DATA-3

According to the data chart, the female homicide rate in 2012 was 1.60 per 100,000 population.
Dec. 8, 2018, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Belize, Benin, Brazil, Cambodia, China, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kosovo, Mauritania, Mexico, Namibia, Peru, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Turkey
Variables: LRW-SCALE-11

11.0
Dec. 8, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bhutan, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, China, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Madagascar, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, Oman, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: LRW-SCALE-4

1.0
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Forced labor generally did not occur, although some families sent their children to work on the streets selling items and begging (see section 7.c.). Women and refugees were vulnerable to trafficking. The government and NGOs reported traffickers increasingly used psychological coercion, threats, and debt bondage to compel victims into sex trafficking. . . . The Labor Ministry asserted it had no evidence of forced labor in the country" (page 70).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"To encourage the hiring of women, the state began paying in 2011 the social services insurance premiums on behalf of the employer for several months for any female employee over age 18 . . . Women continued to face discrimination in employment" (page 58). "Women continued to face discrimination in employment and generally were underrepresented in managerial-level positions in business and government . . . Women mostly served as unpaid family workers with no social protection apart from that afforded by other family members" (page 72).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Violence against women, including so-called honor killings, remained a significant problem, and child marriage persisted. The government did not effectively protect women, children, members of ethnic and religious minorities, and LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex) persons from abuse, discrimination, and violence" (page 3). "The law prohibits violence against women, but human rights organizations claimed the government did not effectively enforce it . . . The government did not effectively or fully enforce these laws or protect victims, who often waited days or weeks to report incidents due to embarrassment or fear of reprisals, hindering effective prosecution of assailants" (page 54).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Government statistics on violence against women were incomplete, and human rights organizations had little confidence that official statistics were comprehensive or captured the magnitude of the problem" (page 54). "A study released by Hacettepe University in January found that, on average, 35 percent of women experienced physical violence at least once in their lives, while 12 percent experienced sexual violence" (page 56). "According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, child abuse cases increased by 6.2 percent from 2013 to 2014. In 2014 there were 1,377 documented cases of sexual abuse of boys and 9,718 of girls" (page 60).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits violence against women, but human rights organizations claimed the government did not effectively enforce it . . . The law covers all women, regardless of marital status, and provides for police and local authorities to grant various levels of protection and support services to survivors of violence or to those at risk of violence. It also requires government services, such as shelter and temporary financial support, for victims and provides for family courts to impose sanctions on perpetrators. The law provides for the establishment of prevention-of-violence and monitoring centers to offer economic, psychological, legal, and social assistance . . . Regulations call for a state funded women’s...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"The June 7 election resulted in the highest numbers of female and minority deputies in the country’s history. There were 98 women elected to the 550-seat parliament. A number of ethnic and religious minorities also gained representatives in parliament on June 7, including the first Romani member of parliament, Ozcan Purcu. The results of the November 1 election reduced the number of women in parliament to 81, still more than had been in parliament previously (79). The 26-member cabinet named on November 24 featured two women. . . . Many women’s organizations reported in February that they were not invited to the first meeting of a commission formed within parliament...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Women’s rights NGOs criticized the government for unofficial bans on or interference in the distribution of birth control pills" (page 58).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Societal acceptance of domestic abuse in some cases contributed to its underreporting" (page 54). "The law provides for the establishment of prevention-of-violence and monitoring centers to offer economic, psychological, legal, and social assistance. As of December 2015, Ministry of Family and Social Policies (MOFSP) reported there were 135 women’s shelters run by the government (100) or civil society (four) and local administrations (31) and 40 in-take centers (SONIMs) operated by the ministry. The shelters had a capacity of at least 3,375. The MOFSP reported that municipality shelters in the first four months of the year served 804 women and 494 children. Purple Roof alleged that the SONIMs and shelters were...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law provides for punishment of up to three years in prison for “hate speech” or injurious acts related to language, race, nationality, color, gender, disability, political opinion, philosophical belief, religion, or sectarian differences. Human rights groups criticized the law for not including protections based on gender identity and noted that the law was sometimes used more to restrict freedom of speech than to protect minorities" (page 25). "The law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, or social status, but the government did not enforce these prohibitions effectively. Government officials used discriminatory language toward opposition groups such as protesters, women, Kurds, Alevis, LGBTI individuals, and other vulnerable populations....more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of imprisonment for attempted sexual violation from two to 10 years, and for rape or actual sexual violation for not less than 12 years" (page 54). "Courts often gave reduced sentences to men found guilty of committing violence against women, citing good behavior during the trial or 'provocation' by women as an extenuating circumstance of the crime. For example, on February 17, I.K. received a 20-month reduced sentence for raping a Japanese tourist in 2011 due to his 'respectful attitude in court'" (page 57). "During the year authorities increased penalties for sexual crimes committed against women and children....more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"The government’s Information Technology Institution reported 150,924 complaints regarding offensive internet content, including vulgarity (56 percent), sexual exploitation of children (7 percent), prostitution (28 percent), and other offenses like gambling and insults against Ataturk. The institution did not provide numbers for the year and did not describe how many of the complaints resulted in blocking orders" (page 34).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The law provides for the establishment of prevention-of-violence and monitoring centers to offer economic, psychological, legal, and social assistance. As of December 2015, Ministry of Family and Social Policies (MOFSP) reported there were 135 women’s shelters run by the government (100) or civil society (four) and local administrations (31) and 40 in-take centers (SONIMs) operated by the ministry" (page 55). "The Jandarma reported more than 100 personnel working in the children and women’s department and the public order department received training related to domestic abuse or gender-based violence. In addition 1,050 Jandarma officers in training received a course on this topic. The Ministry of Family and Social Policies reported that...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law defines 18 years as the minimum age for marriage, although children may marry at 17 with parental permission and at 16 with court approval" (page 60).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CL-PRACTICE-2

"Women mostly served as unpaid family workers with no social protection apart from that afforded by other family members . . . According to the EU progress report, women’s access to employment was limited by general promotion of the traditional role of women and inadequate child-care services or services for older persons" (page 72).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"Egitim Sen, a teacher’s union, reported in 2014 that 36,401 girls who graduated from middle school did not continue on to high school" (page 59).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Individuals convicted of honor killings may receive life imprisonment, but NGOs reported actual sentences often were reduced due to mitigating factors. The law allows judges, when establishing sentences, to take into account anger or passion caused by the “misbehavior” of the victim" (page 57).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

"The Federation of Women’s Associations reported a trend of suspicious suicides of teenage girls in Van Province. In one 40-day period, 14 women committed suicide by hanging, shooting themselves, or other suspicious methods" (page 57).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-3

"On June 1, President Erdogan told a gathering in the eastern province of Igdir that he would not accept criticism from women. Addressing a crowd of women who had turned their backs to him, he made a sexual slur, adding, 'If you have a modicum of politeness, honor, and ability, then the place for politics is parliament'" (page 58).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Human rights organizations complained the media and medical professionals often did not respect the privacy of individuals with HIV/AIDS. Many persons with HIV/AIDS reported discrimination in access to employment, housing, public services, benefits, and health care. The Positive Life Foundation noted that the country lacked laws protecting persons with HIV/AIDS from discrimination and that there were legal obstacles to anonymous HIV testing" (page 68).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits violence against women, but human rights organizations claimed the government did not effectively enforce it. The law prohibits sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of imprisonment for attempted sexual violation from two to 10 years, and for rape or actual sexual violation for not less than 12 years. The government did not effectively or fully enforce these laws or protect victims, who often waited days or weeks to report incidents due to embarrassment or fear of reprisals, hindering effective prosecution of assailants" (page 54). "Courts regularly issued restraining orders to protect victims, but human rights organizations reported police rarely enforced them effectively. Women’s associations...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The Jandarma reported more than 100 personnel working in the children and women’s department and the public order department received training related to domestic abuse or gender-based violence. In addition 1,050 Jandarma officers in training received a course on this topic. The Ministry of Family and Social Policies reported that 71,000 police, 169,598 soldiers, and 47,566 religious clerics received training on domestic violence and honor killings. The ministry did not clarify when the training occurred" (page 57). "The Ministry of Family and Social Policies ran a public service message during the year aimed at reducing early marriage" (page 60).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Village guards, a civilian militia that reported to the Jandarma (and historically was responsible for widespread human rights abuses), provided additional local security in the Southeast, largely in response to the terrorist threat from the PKK. Government mechanisms to investigate and punish alleged abuse and corruption by state officials remained inadequate, and impunity remained a problem. Human rights organizations alleged that village guards were less professional and disciplined than other security forces and engaged in abductions and confiscation of property . . . The Ombudsman Institution, the NHRI, and parliament’s Human Rights Commission are authorized to investigate reports of security force killings, torture or mistreatment, excessive use of force, or...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"Under the law persons organizing an association do not need to notify authorities beforehand, but an association must provide notification before interacting with international organizations or receiving financial support from abroad and must provide detailed documents on such activities. Representatives of associations stated this requirement placed an undue burden on their operations. LGBTI and women’s groups in particular complained that the government used regular and detailed audits to create administrative burdens and to intimidate them through the threat of large fines" (page 40). "Domestic and international human rights groups operated throughout the country. Some had difficulty registering as legal entities with the Ministry of Interior. Others faced government obstruction and...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"According to January data from the State Personnel Department, 36.5 percent of individuals employed by state institutions and agencies were women. In the upper levels of the state bureaucracy, 9.8 percent of bureaucrats were women. According to the ILO, women occupied only 12.2 percent of executive positions. According to the EU progress report, women’s access to employment was limited by general promotion of the traditional role of women and inadequate child-care services or services for older persons. Women also were underrepresented in business management and in trade unions" (page 72).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"As of June the Turkish Statistics Institute estimated the unemployment rate for women at 11.9 percent, while their employment rate in the formal economy was 31.6 percent" (page 72).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2

"On May 5, the Stop Women Murders Now Platform, a domestic NGO, reported that 27 percent of killings of women involved wives seeking a divorce . . . NGOs estimated domestic violence killed 400 women during the year. NGO groups maintained these numbers were probably lower than actual occurrences due to underreporting" (page 56). "The government did not report statistics on honor killing, and women’s advocates alleged this failure was part of the problem" (page 57).