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Latest items for Turkey

July 14, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"They’ve barred us from the courts because they don't want to hear the truth about the fact that the government provides no real mechanism to stop violence against women, she said" (para 7).
July 14, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

They’ve barred us from the courts because they don't want to hear the truth about the fact that the government provides no real mechanism to stop violence against women, she said (para 7).
July 14, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"Cilem Karabulut turned herself in to the police and admitted to killing her husband, Hasan, aged 33, with his handgun. But Karabulut insisted that she was defending her "honor;" the husband had allegedly beaten, drugged and abused her (para 2). "Karabulut set a precedent when she defended the murder by referring to the importance of her honor, as so-called "honor killings" had so far been considered reserved only for men murdering women" (para 4). ""To be honest, it’s rare that you come across a story like this in Turkey," she said. "But remember that more than 150 women have been killed by their husbands, fathers or brothers so far this...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"The Committee is concerned about the low participation of women at all levels of decision-making, both national and local, including within the Government and the parliament, which is below the global average and has even decreased following the elections of November 2015, and among the judiciary and civil service, and the lack of specific steps to address the underlying causes, including prevailing social and cultural attitudes" (page 13).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

" . . . protection orders are rarely implemented and are insufficiently monitored, with such failure often resulting in prolonged gender-based violence against women or the killing of the women concerned" (page 8). " . . . inadequate assistance and remedies are offered to women seeking to escape violent relationships, reflected, inter alia, in insufficient numbers of shelters in an inadequate geographical distribution, inappropriate conditions for women in shelters including invasive searches, confiscation of the women’s cell phones and restricted hours for entering and exiting the shelter, as well as the frequent practice of sending victims back to their abusive partners or compelling them to part with their children" (page...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned about the high dropout rate and underrepresentation among girls and women in vocational training and higher education, in particular in deprived rural areas and refugee communities. It notes that, under the newly adopted legislation, compulsory education has been extended to 12 years. The Committee is concerned, however, that this scheme also allows pupils, subject to parental approval, to opt for home schooling from 12 years of age and to continue their education at specialized religious schools (hatip). The Committee is concerned that this may have a particularly negative effect on girls, given that home- and religious-based education may reinforce the traditional role of girls as wives...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about persisting barriers to women’s access to justice, including: (a) Lack of knowledge by women of their rights; (b) Language barriers faced by women wishing to claim their rights, in particular Kurdish women, women belonging to other minorities and refugee women; (c) Limited knowledge of gender equality on the part of law enforcement officials and legal practitioners; (d) The limited scope of legal aid, both economically and substantively, resulting in non-eligibility for legal aid for women who earn the minimum wage, as well as the non-availability of legal aid in criminal proceedings, and the cumbersome procedure to prove eligibility when it exists; (e) The lack of...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That access to sexual and reproductive health services, including modern contraceptives, is severely limited, especially for Kurdish women and other minority women, and for women living in rural and remote areas; thus resulting in a significant number of early and unwanted pregnancies; (b) That the policy of free contraceptives and the legal framework on abortion are at risk of being jeopardized by repeated criticism from high-level representatives of the Government" (page 15).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to combat trafficking in persons. It is concerned, however, about the persistence of trafficking in women and girls, both internal and cross-border, for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including frequent cases of Syrian girls being trafficked into exploitation in prostitution through false promises of marriage and a better life in the State party, as well as about documented allegations that adolescent refugee girls are sold as brides from refugee camps in the State party. The Committee is furthermore concerned about: (a) The fact that only four shelters for victims of trafficking are operational; (b) The insufficient measures for early identification...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DLB-DATA-1

"The Committee notes with concern that the employment rate of women remains particularly low, and that housework is disproportionately carried out by women" (page 14).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about: . . . (b) Reported cases of girls who have been raped or harassed being forced to marry their perpetrators in the name of preserving so-called family 'honour'; . . . The Committee, drawing attention to joint general recommendation No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women/general comment No. 18 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on harmful practices (2014), recommends that the State party: . . . (b) Take the measures, including awareness-raising efforts and legal amendments, necessary to ensure that no victim of rape or harassment is forced into marriage with the perpetrator" (page 8).more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

". . . a large number of women are murdered by their intimate or former intimate partners or husbands or members of their families . . . protection orders are rarely implemented and are insufficiently monitored, with such failure often resulting in prolonged gender-based violence against women or the killing of the women concerned" (page 8). ". . . despite the State party’s ratification without reservations of the Istanbul Convention, which is welcomed by the Committee, discrimination and violence targeted at lesbian, bisexual and transgender women continues; this violence is exacerbated by impunity for the perpetrators of hate crimes, including severe violence against and killings of lesbian, bisexual and transgender...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Furthermore, the Committee notes with concern: (a) That discriminatory stereotypes portraying women as mothers and housewives and men as active participants in economic and public life remain present in some textbooks, in particular textbooks for refugees, which are based on the Syrian curriculum" (page 13).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (b) The pervasive underreporting of gender-based violence against refugee women, including sexual violence, and the limited availability of specialized services" (page 3). " . . . protection orders are rarely implemented and are insufficiently monitored, with such failure often resulting in prolonged gender-based violence against women or the killing of the women concerned; . . . violence is considerably underreported owing to stigmatization, fear of reprisals, economic dependence on the perpetrator, legal illiteracy, language barriers and/or lack of trust in the law enforcement authorities; . . . inadequate assistance and remedies are offered to women seeking to escape violent relationships, reflected,...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about the low participation of women at all levels of decision-making, both national and local, including within the Government and the parliament, which is below the global average and has even decreased following the elections of November 2015, and among the judiciary and civil service, and the lack of specific steps to address the underlying causes, including prevailing social and cultural attitudes. In line with its general recommendation No. 23 (1997) on women in political and public life, the Committee recommends that the State party adopt measures, including temporary special measures, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendation No....more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IRP-DATA-1

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: (a) The significant increase of prostitution in areas with high concentrations of Syrian refugees, particularly among girls and young women between 15 and 20 years of age, who often resort to prostitution to be able to gain access to food and other essential goods for themselves and their children" (page 3).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Moreover, the Committee is extremely concerned that the national action plan on gender equality (2015-2020) has not yet been formally approved and implemented" (page 7). "In particular, the Committee is concerned about: . . . (c) The fact that the national action plan for the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women and peace and security has not yet been adopted . . . The Committee furthermore calls upon the State party to establish a clear time frame for the finalization and adoption of the draft national action plan for the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000), in cooperation with representatives of women’s organizations, and ensure that...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Committee commends the State party on its large delegation, which was headed by the General Director of the General Directorate of the Status of Women, Ministry of Family and Social Policies, Gülser Ustaoğlu" (page 1). "The Committee . . . notes, however, the absence of information about court proceedings, including direct applications to the Constitutional Court since September 2012, in which provisions of the Convention were directly invoked or applied, which may indicate a continuing lack of awareness in society in general, and among women in particular, and insufficient knowledge among the judiciary of the Convention, notwithstanding the training programmes provided under the Justice Academy. The Committee recommends that...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Article 13 of the Regulation for the Implementation of Uterine Evacuation and Sterilization Services and their Supervision based on Law No. 2827 on Population Planning, according to which the termination of the pregnancy of a married woman is subject to 'spousal authorization'. The Committee recommends that the State party make all efforts necessary to ensure that all laws that are discriminatory towards women are repealed, and: . . . Make all legal amendments necessary to ensure that abortion up to the tenth week, or up to the twentieth week in the event of rape, are subject to the decision of the pregnant woman or girl alone" (page 5). "The Committee...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The Committee . . . notes the information provided by the State party that article 29 of the Penal Code providing for mitigating circumstances in the case of 'unjust provocation' is not applied to killings in the name of so-called 'honour'. The Committee is concerned, however, that this does not constitute a sufficient legal safeguard, given that the provision explicitly prohibiting the application of article 29 addresses only killings in the name of 'custom' (töre) and thus may not always cover killings in the name of so-called 'honour' (namus)" (page 10).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Article 287 of the Penal Code on 'genital examinations', according to which virginity testing authorized by a judge or prosecutor remains legal even if the woman or girl does not consent to the intrusive practice, which constitutes a violation of both her privacy and her physical and mental integrity . . . The Committee recommends that the State party make all efforts necessary to ensure that all laws that are discriminatory towards women are repealed, and: (a) Amend the Penal Code and abolish the provision allowing for genital examinations, including virginity testing, to be performed on a woman or girl without her consent. It also recommends that the State party...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned about the high dropout rate and underrepresentation among girls and women in vocational training" (page 13). "The Committee recommends that the State party: . . . Adopt policies and specific legislative measures to eliminate employment discrimination against women and work towards ensuring equal opportunities at all levels for women in the labour market, in the formal sector and elsewhere" (page 14-15). "The Committee is concerned about the precarious situation of women in rural areas, who are disproportionately affected by poverty and have limited access to education, employment, social security and health care" (page 16).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Committee notes with appreciation that the State party has welcomed more than 2.5 million refugees, mainly Syrians, and allocated significant resources to catering for their needs. The Committee is concerned, however, about the precarious and insecure living conditions of female refugees, both inside and outside the refugee camps, who are often deprived of basic services and essential goods, education, economic opportunities, health care, clothing, food, heating and hygiene articles, and are at heightened risk of sexual and other forms of violence. The Committee is furthermore concerned about: (a) The significant increase of prostitution in areas with high concentrations of Syrian refugees, particularly among girls and young women between 15...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the persistence of crimes, including killings, committed in the name of so-called 'honour', and about the relatively high number of forced suicides or disguised murders. It notes with concern that the State party’s efforts to raise the awareness of the public in order to reject the concept of 'honour' that perpetuates and condones the killing of women have been insufficient. It notes the information provided by the State party that article 29 of the Penal Code providing for mitigating circumstances in the case of 'unjust provocation' is not applied to killings in the name of so-called 'honour'. The Committee is concerned, however, that this does...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That access to sexual and reproductive health services, including modern contraceptives, is severely limited, especially for Kurdish women and other minority women, and for women living in rural and remote areas; thus resulting in a significant number of early and unwanted pregnancies" (page 15). "The Committee is concerned about the precarious situation of women in rural areas, who are disproportionately affected by poverty and have limited access to education, employment, social security and health care" (page 16).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

". . . a large number of women are murdered by their intimate or former intimate partners or husbands or members of their families" (page 8). ". . . a high number of predominantly Kurdish civilians, including many women, have reportedly been killed or have been subjected to violence" (page 11).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about the increasingly restrictive and oppressive measures taken over the years, such as imprisonment, against representatives of civil society organizations, women’s organizations, women human rights defenders, journalists and other activists, including those in the Kurdish community. The Committee recommends that the State party provide an enabling and conducive environment for the establishment and active involvement of women’s and human rights organizations in promoting the implementation of the Convention and all other international human rights instruments in the State party" (page 3).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the adoption in 2012 of Law No. 6284 on the Prevention of Violence against Women and the Protection of the Family. It notes with concern, however, that the law does not criminalize domestic violence as such, and includes no provision relating to the prosecution or punishment of perpetrators. It is also concerned about the persistence of systematic and widespread gender-based violence against women in the State party, including sexual violence, psychological violence and deprivation of access to essential goods, against women in the private sphere, and notes with concern: . . . That protection orders are rarely implemented and are insufficiently monitored, with such failure often resulting...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, PW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the recent Constitutional Court judgment which, in effect, decriminalizes a religious marriage that was not preceded by a civil marriage, may provoke an increase in the number of polygamous and child marriages and may constitute a significant risk for women, given that unregistered religious marriages leave them with no economic protection guaranteed by civil law" (page 16).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (c) Forced marriages of refugee women and girls to Syrian and Turkish men, often in polygamous marriages, for socioeconomic reasons or protection purposes" (page 3-4). "The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the recent Constitutional Court judgment which, in effect, decriminalizes a religious marriage that was not preceded by a civil marriage, may provoke an increase in the number of polygamous and child marriages and may constitute a significant risk for women, given that unregistered religious marriages leave them with no economic protection guaranteed by civil law" (page 16).