The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Turkmenistan

Sept. 19, 2018, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 14.4 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m.
Countries: China, Turkmenistan
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 10 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to the WHO 2017 statistical report, the adoescent birth rate (per 1000 women aged 15-19 years) was 21 based on data from 2005-2014.
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"As of 1 September 2016, 27.42 per cent of the deputies of the Mejlis of Turkmenistan were women and 72.58 per cent were men" (23). According to Table 2, legislators, senior professionals, managers (heads) of public agencies and management at all levels, including heads of enterprises were 24.3% of women and 75.7% of men (34).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"According to data from the Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry, the maternal mortality rate declined by half over the five year period, and in 2015, was 3.0 per 100,000 live births" (39).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Looking at the proceedings of criminal cases on human trafficking, one can see that the victims of sexual exploitation are mainly citizens of Turkmenistan, whereas the crimes themselves are committed in the territory of other States (the Republic of Turkey, the Republic of India, the United Arab Emirates). Police units in the territory of Turkmenistan detect and bring charges of human trafficking against persons (mediators) who recruit women under various pretexts (mostly employment) and send them out of the country" (20).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In October 2016, during the subsequent session of the Mejlis of Turkmenistan, the Countering Human Trafficking Act was enacted" (19).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"According to the 2015 survey, out of the total number of able-bodied respondents, men make up 57 per cent and women — 43 per cent. On average, the level of those employed in the informal sector was 7.5 per cent of the surveyed working population, of whom women made up 29.3 per cent. The proportion of the working population in the informal sector living in rural areas was 9.7 per cent, of them women made up 29.4 per cent" (31). Of those who work in the informal sector, 29.3% are women (36).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Today, the structure of the population of Turkmenistan is such that women make up more than 50 per cent of the population and are well represented in the elected bodies of the Government. Currently, the leadership of the country includes a substantial number of women, including the Deputy Prime Minister, ministers and deputy ministers, diplomatic staff, deputy heads of regional, city and district administrations, and the heads of media, universities and research institutions, and the leadership posts in the electoral commissions at the central and local levels" (22-23). "Women are also represented in the representative and executive bodies of the Government at all levels. The representative bodies of the people’s...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Some articles of the Act are dedicated to the social rehabilitation of victims of trafficking, and to assisting victims of trafficking and providing measures for their protection, bearing in mind the specific features associated with the provision of assistance to children who are victims of trafficking" (19). "Thus, the public organization Ynam is a member of the working group that was involved in developing the strategy and the National Action Plan of Turkmenistan on combating human trafficking" (24).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The widespread use of effective perinatal technologies has made it possible to reduce prenatal and postpartum bleeding and late gestosis. The frequency of Caesarean sections in 2015 as a back-up technique for reducing the perinatal and maternal mortality rate was 9.5 percent, which did not exceed the indicators recommended by WHO (15 percent). In many facilities, neonatal mortality decreased; there was a reduction in the number of radical obstetric interventions and the use of blood products, all of which resulted in a decrease in the expenditures on drugs" (39). "Almost all births take place in maternity facilities and with the participation of qualified personnel, and the proportion of such births...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"In secondary education the number of students is growing rapidly in all grades. Gender asymmetry is practically non-existent; the sex ratio is close to 1:1. The ratio between the sexes in primary and secondary education is 100 boy students for every 96 girls. That is due to the prevalence in the population of male children and youth" (26). "The gender features of the composition of the students in the basic vocational schools reflects a prevalence of men, which, in turn, reflects the broader composition of the blue-collar occupations, whose young members are prepared in that type of educational institution. The proportion of girls enrolled in basic vocational education was 42.6...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Based on the provisions of that article of the Act and on article 242 of the Labour Code, an order issued by the Minister of Labour and Social Welfare of Turkmenistan in August 2016, in coordination with the State Standards Service (Turkmenstandartlary), and the Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, approved the norms for the maximum permissible loads for women involved in lifting and moving heavy loads by hand. In the development of those standards, various factors were taken into account, including: high physical stress; awkward postures imposed by the work, which could lead to pathological changes in the body of a young worker; vibration from equipment...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

Table 8 lays out the number of abortions rom 2010 to 2015, disaggregated by age (38). In 2015, there were 11,465 abortions (38).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"The Criminal Code of Turkmenistan (revised on 10 May 2010) has made polygamy a crime" (44).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The Electoral Code of Turkmenistan of May 2013 allows citizens who have attained the age of eighteen to elect, be elected and participate in voting (article 3). Any direct or indirect restriction, based on nationality, race, sex, origin, property and occupational status, place of residence, language, attitude towards religion, political views, party affiliation or lack thereof, of the rights of Turkmenistan citizens to vote, be elected and participate in a referendum is prohibited" (22).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The population can obtain family-planning services, means of contraception, and advice and information materials on reproductive health. Ten brands of contraceptives are included in the list of essential medicines" (37). "Under the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Turkmenistan and UNFPA (2013), the country will, by 2017, fully switch to Government procurement of modern contraceptives" (37). "Contraceptives are not used in Turkmenistan for birth control but to improve health, including the reproductive health of women at risk. Contraceptive prevalence among that group of women rose 21 per cent (2013) to 69 per cent (2015)" (38). In 2010, the percentage of women using contraceptives was 34% and in 2015, the...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The subject of violence against women is no longer a taboo subject, as it was before, which is, in the context of Turkmenistan, a significant achievement, given that gender-based violence, particularly domestic violence, was considered to be exclusively a subject belonging to private family life" (16).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"On 22 January 2015, the President of Turkmenistan, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, approved the National Action Plan on gender equality in Turkmenistan for 2015-2020" (12). "The National Action Plan consists of 14 main objectives and more than 60 measures. In particular, the Plan includes the monitoring of the national legislation of Turkmenistan in terms of its compliance with international standards in the field of gender equality and the further improvement of methods for collecting and analysing comprehensive data on the status of women. It provides for raising public awareness on gender issues, the professional development of women, increasing women’s representation in all spheres of public, political and professional life and in other...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The proportion of employed people has tended to grow — from 58 per cent in 2011 to 92.1 per cent in 2015. A positive trend is also seen in the employment of women. Thus, the share of employed women in 2015 constituted 89.3 per cent of the total number of women registered versus 50 per cent in 2011" (33).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Under the National Action Plan the ministries and departments concerned and public organizations will be involved in the process of reviewing the need for quotas aimed at accelerating women’s equal representation in all spheres of public, political and professional life, including the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of development strategies and public projects" (15).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The equality of the rights and freedoms of citizens before the law regardless of nationality, skin colour, sex, origin, property or occupational status, place of residence, language, religion, political opinion or other status is guaranteed under article 28 of the Constitution of Turkmenistan" (9).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

""Under article 15 of the Family Code of Turkmenistan (10 January 2012) the age of consent to marriage is set at eighteen years. In exceptional cases, when there are valid reasons, the guardianship authorities may, at the request of the persons wishing to marry, lower the marriageable age, but by no more than one year" (44).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In addition to the main buildings of the facility, a separate complex has been set up for the care of pregnant women and their children. There, pregnant women and women in childbirth and in the postpartum period receive specialized care. The correctional facility has a children’s home in a dedicated building, where mothers with children up to three years old live together" (43).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The main causes of maternal deaths were direct obstetric causes: pregnancy-related haemorrhaging and hypertension, and non-communicable diseases" (39). "Starting in 2014, regional organization was introduced and a 3-tier perinatal service was established; perinatal centres are also equipped with the necessary equipment and specialized vehicles; various schemes/algorithms have been devised for use by family doctors and obstetrician-gynaecologists in dealing with obstetric emergencies" (40). "In 2015, seminars for obstetrician-gynaecologists and statisticians on the classification of preventable maternal mortality were held in Ashgabat and five provinces, reaching 120 specialists. Nine clinical protocols were developed for the most frequently requested topics in neonatal care and resuscitation, and doctors and nurses have been trained to...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Under article 6 of the Act, discrimination on the grounds of sex does not include the following: the protection of maternity and paternity; distinctions, exclusions, preferences and limitations at work motivated by the characteristics of the type of work concerned or by special State concerns for certain persons in need of social or legal protection, as established by the legislation of Turkmenistan; the establishment of professional qualification requirements based on the ability of only one sex to perform the duties in question; and others" (31). "Under with the labour legislation of Turkmenistan, it is permitted to recruit women with children under the age of fourteen (disabled child — up to...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"In the judicial system of Turkmenistan there are 391 women currently serving, which amounts to 45.7 percent of the total number of employees. Of them, 41 are judges, 36 are department heads, and there are 314 in other posts" (23)." In the territory of Turkmenistan there are six bar associations, five of which are headed by women. There are 200 lawyers working to provide legal assistance to the population, including 111 women: City of Ashgabat — 4; Ahal Province (wilayat) — 8; Balkan Province — 8; Dashoguz Province — 12; Lebap Province — 26; Mary Province — 14" (23). "In addition, 68 lawyers are authorized to deal with human rights...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: SRACE-PRACTICE-1

"Women are equal to men in their participation in sport and pursue the same sports. For example, at the Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Turkmenistan was represented by nine athletes, of whom five were women, three of whom were on the judo and weightlifting teams" (28).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"Women as well as men are involved in managing State affairs, as well as in foreign policy matters. For example, among the diplomats, the Ambassador (Permanent Representative) of Turkmenistan to the United Nations and the Ambassador of Turkmenistan to China are women" (23).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Certain minor differences in pay between men and women can be explained primarily as the result of required professional qualifications that have been set, based on the ability of only one specific sex to perform the functions concerned, as well as by the existence of differences, exceptions and preferences relating to a particular job that are derived from the characteristic of that type of work. Under the legislation of Turkmenistan, such considerations do not generate discrimination" (29). In 2015, the average salary for women was 1,053.5 manats and the average salary for men was 1,215.3 manats, according to Table 3 (35). Table 4 indicates the women's wages as a percentage...more