The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Venezuela

May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Australia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Georgia, Guyana, Honduras, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Liberia, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mauritania, Moldova, Montenegro, Namibia, Panama, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tanzania, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

1.0
May 2, 2019, 3 p.m.
Countries: Brazil, Suriname, Trinidad/Tobago, Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

Table 1 in page 10 shows the a comparative perspective for political empowerment Rank for Guyana, Brazil, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela. Brazil was ranked 114 out of 135 un 2011, 72 out of 135 in 2012, 68 out of 136 in 2013, 74 out of 142 in 2014, 89 out of 145 in 2015. It's overall rank is 85. Guyana was ranked 28 out of 135 in 2011, 32 out of 135 in 2012, 33 out of 136 in 2013, 34 out of 142 in 2014, 37 out of 145 in 2015. It's overall rank is 66. Suriname was ranked 95 out of 135 in 2011, 107 out...more
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Despite the large body of law and regulation devoted to the protection of women’s rights in marriage and the workplace, as well as provisions that call for preferential treatment, women did not always receive equal treatment in employment, education, or housing, particularly in rural areas" (31). "Education is free, compulsory, and universal through age 14, although many families were required to pay a variety of school fees. Under a government subsidy program, ethnic-minority students were exempt from paying school fees. Nevertheless, authorities did not always enforce the requirement or enforce it equally for boys and girls, especially in rural areas, where government and family budgets for education were limited, and...more
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates that society, families, and all citizens implement 'the population and family planning program.' The law states that couples or individuals have the right to give birth to one or two children, with exceptions based on government decree. There is no legal provision punishing citizens who have more children than the stipulated number. The CPV and certain ministries and localities issued their own regulations, applying only to CPV members and government officials, regarding family size. A decree issued by the Politburo subjects CPV members to reprimand if they have three children, removes them from a ranking position if they have four children, and expels them from the CPV...more
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1

"The government also worked to restore citizenship for over 1,000 stateless women who had lost Vietnamese nationality after moving abroad to marry foreigners but had subsequently returned to Vietnam upon losing their foreign citizenship (in many cases due to divorce). Approximately 100 applications of these women awaited approval by the government" (26).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"No laws limit participation of woman and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. The law requires 35 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly and provincial people’s councils to be women and 18 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly to be from minority groups" (27).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Officials acknowledged domestic violence as a significant social concern, and the media discussed it openly" (30).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"The Women’s Union and the government’s National Committee for the Advancement of Women continued to promote women’s rights, including political, economic, and legal equality, and protection from spousal abuse" (31).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace. Publications and training on ethical regulations for government and other public servants did not mention the problem of sexual harassment. In serious cases, victims may sue offenders under a provision that deals with 'humiliating other persons' and specifies punishments that include a warning, noncustodial reform for up to two years, or a prison term ranging from three months to two years. Nevertheless, there were no known prosecutions or sexual harassment lawsuits" (30). "Despite the large body of law and regulation devoted to the protection of women’s rights in marriage and the workplace, as well as provisions that call for preferential treatment, women...more
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Domestic violence against women was common. One November 2015 NGO survey reported 59 percent of married women had suffered physical or sexual abuse at least once in their lives, typically from a male partner or member of the family. Another study revealed 83 percent of women and girls in Hanoi and 91 percent of those in Ho Chi Minh City had experienced at least one form of sexual harassment during their lives" (30).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"It also criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, for men and women (…) Authorities prosecuted rape cases but did not release arrest, prosecution, conviction, or punishment statistics" (30). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18. Statutory rape is illegal and may result in life imprisonment or capital punishment. Penalties for sex with minors between the ages of 16 and 18, depending upon the circumstances, vary from five to 10 years in prison. The penalty for rape of a child between the ages of 13 and 16 carries a sentence of imprisonment from seven to 15 years. If the victim becomes pregnant, the rape is incestuous, or the offender is in...more
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"HIV and AIDS social stigma and discrimination hindered HIV/AIDS prevention efforts. According to the 2015 Stigma Index study, 11.2 percent of persons with HIV, 16.6 percent of female sex workers, 15.5 percent of persons who inject drugs, and 7.9 percent of men who have sex with men reported having experienced rights violations within the 12 months prior to the survey. Multiple indicator cluster surveys taken in 2014 showed stigma and discrimination against HIV-positive persons was widespread, with approximately 70 percent of female respondents reporting having faced some form of stigma and discrimination. Individuals with HIV continued to face barriers accessing and maintaining employment" (36-37).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, race, disability, color, social class, marital status, belief, religion, HIV status, and for membership in a trade union or participation in trade union activities. The law does not prohibit discrimination based on political opinion, age, language, national origin, sexual orientation, or gender identity (...) No laws prohibit employers from asking about family or marital status during job interviews" (41).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

"According to the Ministry of Health, the national average male-female sex ratio at birth for the first half of the year was 113.4 to 100" (31).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law provides for gender equality, but women continued to face societal discrimination" (31).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace (...) Publications and training on ethical regulations for government and other public servants did not mention the problem of sexual harassment. In serious cases, victims may sue offenders under a provision that deals with 'humiliating other persons' and specifies punishments that include a warning, noncustodial reform for up to two years, or a prison term ranging from three months to two years. Nevertheless, there were no known prosecutions or sexual harassment lawsuits" (30).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Gender gaps in education declined, but certain gaps remained. According to a 2013 UN Women-funded report, professional qualifications of female workers were lower than those of male workers. There were substantial differences in the education profile of men and women at the postsecondary level. The number of female students enrolled in higher education applied technology programs was much smaller than the number of men enrolled" (31).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Social stigma prevented many survivors from coming forward due to fear of harassment from their spouses or family. While police and legal systems generally remained unequipped to deal with cases of domestic violence, the government, with the help of international and domestic NGOs, continued to train police, lawyers, community advocates, and legal system officials in the law and continued to support workshops and seminars that aimed to educate women and men about domestic violence and women’s rights and highlight the problem through public awareness campaigns" (30).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The production, distribution, dissemination, or selling of child pornography is illegal and carries a sentence of three to 10 years’ imprisonment" (33).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Although the law provides for equal inheritance rights for men and women, women continued to face cultural discrimination. A son was more likely to inherit property than was a daughter, unless otherwise specified by a legal document, and even then authorities did not split the land equitably between son and daughter" (31).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Despite the large body of law and regulation devoted to the protection of women’s rights in marriage and the workplace, as well as provisions that call for preferential treatment, women did not always receive equal treatment in employment, education, or housing, particularly in rural areas" (31).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18 for girls and 20 for boys, and the law criminalizes organizing marriage for, or entering into marriage with, an underage person" (32).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"The law prohibits discrimination against or mistreatment of persons with physical and mental disabilities. Overall, the national government continued to increase coordination with foreign governments, international organizations, NGOs, and private companies to review legal provisions governing implementation of the treaty, conduct feasibility studies, share international best practices, conduct informational workshops, promote the hiring of persons with disabilities, and hold awareness activities" (33).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"According to the Ministry of Health, the national average male-female sex ratio at birth for the first half of the year was 113.4 to 100. The government acknowledged the problem, highlighted reduction of the ratio as a goal in the national program on gender equality, and continued to take steps to address it" (31).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Many women found it difficult to find a job after the age of 35, and there were recent reports of women receiving termination letters at age 35. The VGCL’s Institute of Workers and Trade Unions noted that women over age 35 accounted for roughly half of all unemployed workers in the country" (42).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Female-led enterprises continued to have limited access to credit and international markets and inadequate knowledge in operation and financial management, in addition to the burden of social and family responsibilities" (42).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"A woman’s average hourly salary was only an estimated 80 percent of that of her male counterpart" (42).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Authorities treated domestic violence cases as civil cases unless the victim suffered injuries involving more than 11 percent of the body. The law specifies acts constituting domestic violence and stipulates punishments for perpetrators ranging from warnings and probation to imprisonment for three months to three years" (30).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"It also criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, for men and women" (30).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"It also criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, for men and women. The law subjects rapists to two to seven years’ imprisonment, or up to 15 years in severe cases, including organized rape, a repeat offense, or extreme harm to a victim" (30).