The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Vietnam

April 25, 2018, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7

Louise Grogan used DHS VI data from Vietnam to find that 38% of married women under 30 reside in patrilocal households.
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Social stigma also prevented many victims from coming forward, due to fear of harassment from their spouses or family" (39). ""Several domestic and international NGOs worked to address domestic violence. Domestic NGOs operated hotlines for victims in major cities. The Center for Women and Development, supported by the VFF’s Women’s Union, also operated a nationwide hotline, but it was not widely advertised in rural areas. Although rural areas often lacked the financial resources to provide crisis centers and hotlines, a law establishes “reliable residences” to allow women to turn to another family while local authorities and community leaders attempt to confront the alleged abuser and resolve complaints. There were 300...more
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"There were substantial differences in the education profile of men and women at postsecondary level. In higher education the number of female students enrolled in applied technology programs was much smaller than the number of men enrolled" (41).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"There [was]... one woman on the Supreme People’s Court" (36).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Another UN-funded report on social protection for women and girls noted that female migrants working in nonofficial sectors had difficulties accessing standard housing. These women resided in temporary accommodations that were unsafe and lacked basic services" (41).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The production, distribution, dissemination, or selling of child pornography is illegal and carries a sentence of three to 10 years’ imprisonment" (43-44).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

"According to the UN Population Fund, the national average male-female sex ratio at birth in 2013 was 113.8 to 100" (42).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Domestic violence against women was common. A February 2014 report of the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism documented 192,000 domestic violence cases between 2009 and mid-2013, of which 136,700 cases involved violence primarily against female spouses, while more than 19,700 cases involved the elderly, and more than 27,800 involved children. In November, NGOs released two surveys on violence against women and girls. One survey reported 58 percent of married women had suffered physical or sexual abuse at least once in their lives, typically from a male partner or member of the family" (39).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to encourage couples to have no more than two children" (21).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Although the law provides for equal inheritance rights for men and women, women continued to face cultural discrimination" (41).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: SAB-PRACTICE-1

"Officials acknowledged domestic violence as a significant social concern, and the media discussed it openly" (39).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Officials acknowledged domestic violence as a significant social concern, and the media discussed it openly. While police and legal systems generally remained unequipped to deal with cases of domestic violence, the government, with the help of international and domestic NGOs, continued to train police, lawyers, and legal system officials in the law" (39). Domestic violence as a gender issue is being discussed and steps are being taken to solve the problem. However, critics argue that this steps are weak and slow-moving (AA-CODER COMMENT).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits using or threatening violence against women or taking advantage of a person who cannot act in self-defense. It also criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (38).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law subjects rapists to two to seven years’ imprisonment. In severe cases of rape, including organized rape, a repeat offense, or extreme harm to a victim, sentences may range from seven to 15 years’ imprisonment. Authorities prosecuted rape cases fully, but the government did not release arrest, prosecution, conviction, or punishment statistics" (38-39). "Penalties for sex with minors between the ages of 16 and 18, depending upon the circumstances, vary from five to 10 years in prison. The penalty for rape of a child between 13 and 16 carries a sentence of imprisonment from seven to 15 years. If the victim becomes pregnant, the rape is incestuous, or the...more
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs and survivor advocates considered many of the legal provisions against domestic violence weak, and the government did not release arrest, prosecution, conviction, or punishment statistics. Officials acknowledged domestic violence as a significant social concern, and the media discussed it openly. While police and legal systems generally remained unequipped to deal with cases of domestic violence, the government, with the help of international and domestic NGOs, continued to train police, lawyers, and legal system officials in the law" (39).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution stipulates that society, families, and all citizens implement 'the population and family planning program.' The law affirms an individual’s right to choose contraceptive methods; access gynecological diagnosis, treatment, and check-ups during pregnancy; and obtain medical services when giving birth at health facilities. The government generally enforced these provisions" (40).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Victims of sexual harassment may contact social associations such as the Women’s Union to request their involvement. Victims with access to a labor union representative may file complaints with union officers. In serious cases victims may sue offenders under a provision that deals with 'humiliating other persons' and specifies punishments that include a warning, noncustodial reform for up to two years, or a prison term ranging from three months to two years. Nevertheless, there were no known prosecutions or sexual harassment lawsuits during the year, and most victims were unwilling to denounce offenders publicly" (40).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ASR-DATA-1

"In higher education the number of female students enrolled in applied technology programs was much smaller than the number of men enrolled" (41). Following this trend, we would assume that less women are employed in these occupations as well (AA-CODER COMMENT).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The imbalanced ratio of newborn boys to girls continued to increase, particularly in some wealthier areas of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. The government acknowledged the problem (reduction of the ratio was a highlighted goal in the National Program on Gender Equality) and continued to take steps to address it" (42).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits using or threatening violence against women or taking advantage of a person who cannot act in self-defense. It also criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (38). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18. Statutory rape is illegal and may result in life imprisonment or capital punishment" (43).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Authorities treated domestic violence cases as civil cases, unless the victim suffered injuries involving more than 11 percent of the body. The law specifies acts constituting domestic violence, assigns specific portfolio responsibilities to different government agencies and ministries, and stipulates punishments for perpetrators ranging from warnings and probation to imprisonment for three months to three years" (39).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government enforced the law, and convicted rapists received harsh sentences" (43). This is particularly in regards to the sexual exploitation of children under the age of 18 (AA-CODER COMMENT).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits using or threatening violence against women or taking advantage of a person who cannot act in self-defense. It also criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (38). It is assumed that using violence includes acts of domestic violence as being dubbed illegal. However, these cases are treated as civil cases, rather than as criminal cases, which is problematic (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Authorities treated domestic violence cases as civil cases, unless the victim suffered injuries involving more than 11 percent of the body. The law specifies acts constituting domestic violence, assigns specific portfolio responsibilities to different government agencies and ministries, and stipulates punishments for perpetrators ranging from warnings and probation to...more
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Women’s Union and the government’s National Committee for the Advancement of Women continued to promote women’s rights, including political, economic, and legal equality, and protection from spousal abuse" (41).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: AOM-DATA-1

"According to the 2009 census, the rate of marriage under age 18 was approximately 16 percent in the Northwest Highlands and 11 percent in the Central Highlands--both poor and remote rural areas--but additional government data were not available" (43).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, or social status, but enforcement of these prohibitions was uneven" (38). "The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace (see section 7.d.)" (40).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The 2013 constitution outlines the basic rights of all individuals, including that all persons are equal before the law, are presumed innocent until proven guilty, and have the right to a defense lawyer and to a speedy public trial" (16).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The new law on elections to the National Assembly and People’s Councils requires 35percent of final candidates for these two bodies to be women and 18 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly to be from minority groups. Nonetheless, women continued underrepresented in political bodies. There were 122 women (approximately 24 percent) in the National Assembly; two female ministers in the 28-member cabinet; two women in the 16-member Politburo, one of whom was ethnic Thai minority; and one woman on the Supreme People’s Court" (36).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"Several domestic and international NGOs worked to address domestic violence. Domestic NGOs operated hotlines for victims in major cities. The Center for Women and Development, supported by the VFF’s Women’s Union, also operated a nationwide hotline, but it was not widely advertised in rural areas...The government, with the help of international NGOs, continued to support workshops and seminars aimed at educating women and men about domestic violence and women’s rights and highlighted the problem through public awareness campaigns. In February 2014 the prime minister approved a national action plan to prevent and combat domestic violence through 2020. Local NGOs affiliated with the Women’s Union remained engaged on women’s concerns, particularly...more
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"The Women’s Union also operated microcredit consumer-finance and other programs to promote the advancement of women" (41).