The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Yemen

May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The law regulates associations and foundations and outlines the establishment and activities of NGOs. Authorities require annual registration. The law exempts registered NGOs from taxes and tariffs and requires the government to provide a reason for denying an NGO registration, such as deeming an NGO’s activities 'detrimental' to the state. It forbids NGOs’ involvement in political or religious activities. It permits foreign funding of NGOs. The law requires government observation of NGO internal elections" (25). "Prior to the outbreak of conflict, domestic and international human rights groups generally operated without outright government restriction, but lower-level government officials, particularly those in security organizations, were occasionally uncooperative and unresponsive to human rights...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"On October 17, a group of unidentified Islamists entered the Administrative Sciences College in Aden and informed the staff and students they could no longer teach male and female students in the same classes, according to an NGO" (24). "Social discrimination severely restricted women’s freedom of movement. Women in general did not enjoy full freedom of movement, although restrictions varied by location. Some observers reported increased restrictions on women in conservative locations, such as Sa’ada" (26). "In September authorities twice prevented Dr. Shafiqa al-Wahsh, director of the Women’s National Committee, from leaving the country to participate in meetings in preparation for peace talks. The Houthis stated they rejected her request...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"Within the country’s limited professional sphere, women have low rates of representation in a range of fields, including the security sector" (39).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"The law requires women to have the permission of a male guardian, such as a husband, before applying for a passport or leaving the country. A husband or male relative may bar a woman from leaving the country by placing a woman’s name on a 'no-fly list' maintained at airports, and prior to the conflict, authorities strictly enforced this requirement when women traveled with children" (26).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"By custom young children and infants born in prison remained in custody with their mothers until age nine. Prison authorities performed pregnancy tests on all female prisoners upon entry into a facility. Prisons segregated male and female adult prisoners and subjected them to similar conditions" (7). "Women faced deeply entrenched discrimination in both law and practice in all aspects of their lives. Mechanisms to enforce equal protection were weak, and the government-in-exile could not implement them effectively" (38).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"Under family law and inheritance law, courts awarded custody of children over a specified age (seven years for boys and nine years for girls) to the divorced husband or the deceased husband’s family" (38).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"On October 17, a group of unidentified Islamists entered the Administrative Sciences College in Aden and informed the staff and students they could no longer teach male and female students in the same classes, according to an NGO" (24). "Social pressure, women’s lack of knowledge about reproduction, and the young age of marriage for many girls also meant many women had little or no real control over reproduction. Access to contraceptives and procedures involving reproductive and fertility treatments required the consent of both husband and wife. It was technically illegal for single women to buy and use contraception, but if a particular contraceptive (such as birth control pills) had another...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"While the law stipulates the death penalty for a man convicted of murdering a woman, the penal code allows leniency for persons guilty of committing an 'honor' killing or violently assaulting or killing a woman for perceived 'immodest' or 'defiant' behavior. The law also allows for a substantially reduced sentence when a husband kills his wife and a man he believes to be involved in an extramarital affair with her" (36).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DV-LAW-3

"Women also faced unequal treatment in courts, where the testimony of a woman equals half that of a man’s. Female parties in court proceedings such as divorce and other family law cases normally deputized male relatives to speak on their behalf, although they have the option to speak for themselves" (38).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"The Ministry of Human Rights referred callers to various civil society organizations or foundations for assistance. It also referred complainants to the nongovernmental National Women’s Union for assistance. The National Women’s Union, which had chapters across the country, had at least one shelter" (35).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Women cannot marry without permission of their male guardians; do not have equal rights in inheritance, divorce, or child custody; and have little legal protection" (38). "Under sharia inheritance laws, which assume that women receive support from their male relatives, daughters receive half the inheritance and accidental death or injury compensation awarded to their brothers" (38).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reported in 2012 that 97 percent of FGM/C procedures took place in the home and found Type 2--partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with and without excision of the labia majora--in 83 percent of studied cases" (36).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Thirty percent of delegates to the 2013-14 NDC were women, and women chaired many committees and working groups" (30).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"The transitional government sought to expand political participation to formerly excluded groups, including women, youth, and minorities" (1). "In September authorities twice prevented Dr. Shafiqa al-Wahsh, director of the Women’s National Committee, from leaving the country to participate in meetings in preparation for peace talks. The Houthis stated they rejected her request because of the security situation in the country" (26). "Within the country’s limited professional sphere, women have low rates of representation in a range of fields, including the security sector" (39).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1, LR-DATA-1

"The estimated 55-percent female literacy rate, compared with 85.1 percent for men, accentuated this discrimination" (38).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The 2013 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), administered by the Ministry of Public Health and Population, found that 19 percent of all women aged 15-49 had undergone some form of FGM/C. In some coastal areas influenced by cultural practices from the Horn of Africa, such as Mahara and al-Hudaydah, FGM/C practitioners had subjected up to 90 percent of women reportedly to FGM/C" (36).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"They experienced discrimination in areas such as employment, credit, pay, owning or managing businesses, education, and housing" (38).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"In September authorities twice prevented Dr. Shafiqa al-Wahsh, director of the Women’s National Committee, from leaving the country to participate in meetings in preparation for peace talks. The Houthis stated they rejected her request because of the security situation in the country" (26). "In numerous cases former husbands prevented divorced noncitizen women from visiting their children" (38).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The punishment for rape is imprisonment for up to 25 years" (34).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government-in-exile could not enforce the law against rape effectively in country" (34). "There were no reliable rape statistics, principally because of social stigma, fear of familial and societal retaliation, and a legal system largely stacked against survivors, which limited willingness to report the crime. Most rape victims did not report the crime due to fear of shaming the family, incurring violent retaliation by the perpetrator or a family member, or facing prosecution" (35). "Muhamasheen women were particularly vulnerable to rape and other abuse because of the general impunity for attackers due to the women’s low-caste status" (43).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"In the past the government enacted regulations to reduce a form of sex tourism in which significant numbers of foreigners, particularly Saudis and Emiratis, entered into temporary marriages with young Yemeni women (as is possible under Islamic law). They then left the bride, frequently pregnant, without means of support, to return to their countries of origin, where they would terminate the temporary marriage" (14). "Prior to the outbreak of conflict, observers reported the practice of foreigners visiting the country to enter short-term marriages with underage girls...In 2014 the Ministry of Interior attempted to stop the use of “temporary marriage” provisions of Islamic law as a vehicle for sex tourism. There...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-1

"In the past the government enacted regulations to reduce a form of sex tourism in which significant numbers of foreigners, particularly Saudis and Emiratis, entered into temporary marriages with young Yemeni women (as is possible under Islamic law). They then left the bride, frequently pregnant, without means of support, to return to their countries of origin, where they would terminate the temporary marriage" (14). "Prior to the outbreak of conflict, observers reported the practice of foreigners visiting the country to enter short-term marriages with underage girls. No laws specifically address sex tourism from outside the country, but it was particularly a problem in Aden and Sana’a. In 2014 the Ministry...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law requires women to have the permission of a male guardian, such as a husband, before applying for a passport or leaving the country. A husband or male relative may bar a woman from leaving the country by placing a woman’s name on a 'no-fly list' maintained at airports, and prior to the conflict, authorities strictly enforced this requirement when women traveled with children" (26). "Women cannot marry without permission of their male guardians; do not have equal rights in inheritance, divorce, or child custody; and have little legal protection" (38).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AOM-DATA-1

"Combatants reportedly involved married boys ages 12 to 15 in armed conflicts in the northern tribal areas. Tribal custom considers married boys as adults who owe allegiance to the tribe. As a result, according to international and local human rights NGOs, half of tribal fighters were youths under 18" (17).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination with regard to race, sex, color, beliefs, language, or disability, and specifically state, 'Women shall be equal with men in relation to conditions of employment and employment rights'" (48).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, but does not criminalize spousal rape because the law states that a woman may not refuse sexual relations with her husband" (34).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs reported, however, that nonstate actors forbade birth control devices and other forms of contraception in areas under their control. Social pressure, women’s lack of knowledge about reproduction, and the young age of marriage for many girls also meant many women had little or no real control over reproduction. Access to contraceptives and procedures involving reproductive and fertility treatments required the consent of both husband and wife. It was technically illegal for single women to buy and use contraception, but if a particular contraceptive (such as birth control pills) had another medical use, a woman could procure it. The information and means to make decisions on reproduction were available in...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Prior to the outbreak of conflict, the 2014 NDC outcomes included a 30-percent quota for women in all branches of government" (30).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MMR-DATA-1, MMR-SCALE-1

"According to UN sources, the estimated maternal mortality ratio was 385 deaths per 100,000 live births during the year; there were an estimated 3,300 maternal deaths during the year" (37).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Combatants reportedly involved married boys ages 12 to 15 in armed conflicts in the northern tribal areas. Tribal custom considers married boys as adults who owe allegiance to the tribe. As a result, according to international and local human rights NGOs, half of tribal fighters were youths under 18" (17). "Early and forced marriage was a significant, widespread problem. There was no minimum age for marriage, and girls married as young as eight years of age, which traditionalists claimed served to assure they were virgins at the time of marriage...The conflict likely exacerbated the situation, but new information was not available" (40). "An assessment undertaken by Intersos in Ta’iz in...more