The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Zimbabwe

Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Despite legal prohibitions, families primarily among the rural population continued to force girls to marry. Families gave young women to other families in marriage to avenge spirits, as compensatory payment in interfamily disputes, or when promised to others--to provide economic protection for the family. Some families sold their daughters as brides in exchange for food, and younger daughters at times married their deceased older sister’s husband as a 'replacement' bride. An NGO study published in March 2014 found that because of the cultural emphasis placed on virginity, any loss of virginity--real or perceived, consensual or forced--could result in marriage, including early or forced marriage. In some instances family members forced...more
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Media reported that sexual harassment was prevalent in universities, workplaces, and parliament. In October, Patrick Ndhlovu, a Zimbabwe Power Company supervisor, appeared before a Mbare magistrate’s court on charges of indecent assault after allegations that he used his position to threaten and sexually harass female subordinates. On December 5, Mbare Magistrate Zihove ruled the prosecution had failed to prove its case and acquitted Zdhlovu" (34). "Women commonly faced sexual harassment in the workplace. Government enforcement was not effective, and there were no reports of any prosecutions during the year" (49).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Despite being responsible for 53 percent of all economic activity in the country, including 75 percent of all agricultural labor, three-quarters of households headed by a woman were 'poor' or 'very poor'" (35).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"While the law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, the law was not effectively enforced, and rape remained a widespread problem" (31). "The criminal code prohibits sexual relations with persons younger than age 18, however" (37). "Statutory rape, legally defined as sexual intercourse with a child under age 12, carries a fine of $2,000, imprisonment for up to 10 years, or both" (38).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-DATA-1

"According to the DHS study, 21.7 percent of girls between the ages of 15 and 19 were married. According to the 2014 MICS, 5 percent of girls and women ages 15-49 were married before 15, while 33 percent of women ages 20-49 were married before 18" (37).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Police sometimes did not act on reported rape cases if the perpetrators were aligned with ZANU-PF or if the rape was used as a political tool against non-ZANU-PF members, as occurred during the 2008 election. Unlike the 2008 elections, which resulted in numerous cases of politically motivated gang rapes, there were very few reports of rape used as a political weapon during the 2013 elections period...Although police referred the majority of reported rapes of women and men who received services from the rape centers for prosecution, very few were prosecuted" (32). "Most of the substantive calls concerned sexual and physical abuse, generally inflicted by a relative or someone who lived...more
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"Victims reported few cases of rape due to social stigma and societal perceptions that rape was simply a 'fact of life' that could not be challenged. A lack of services for rape victims also discouraged reporting. Victims reported even fewer cases of spousal rape because of fear of losing economic support, fear of reprisal, lack of awareness that spousal rape was a crime, police reluctance to be involved in domestic disputes, and bureaucratic hurdles. Most rural citizens were unfamiliar with laws against domestic violence and sexual offenses. Chiefs of local jurisdictions usually handled gender-based violence in trials applying customary law" (31-32).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: IW-PRACTICE-1

"Widows, when forced to relocate to rural areas, were sometimes 'inherited' into marriages with an in-law after the deaths of their spouses" (35).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"There were newspaper reports of wife killings and a few other media reports of prosecutions and convictions for such crimes" (33).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"The adolescent birth rate was estimated at 112 per 1,000 for women and girls ages 15 to 19 from 1999 to 2012" (34).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age for a civil marriage is 18, but girls who are 16 and 17 may marry with parental approval. Customary marriage, recognized under the law, does not require a minimum marriage age for either boys or girls" (37).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Most of the substantive calls concerned sexual and physical abuse, generally inflicted by a relative or someone who lived with the child. Approximately twice as many girls reported abuse as boys. The ZRP stated there were reports of 1,494 juvenile rape cases between January and May 2014, and 3,297 reports of juvenile rape cases in 2013. According to the 2011 National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents Preliminary Report (NBSLEA), approximately 9 percent of girls and slightly less than 2 percent of boys between the ages of 13 and 17 reported experiencing sexual violence in the previous 12 months. Older adolescents reported that one-third of girls and nearly one-tenth...more
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Girls from towns bordering South Africa, Zambia, and Mozambique were subjected to prostitution in brothels that catered to longdistance truck drivers" (38).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Women have the right to register their children’s births, although either the father or a male relative must be present" (35).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Children born from rape suffered stigmatization and marginalization. The mothers of children resulting from rape sometimes were reluctant to register the births, and such children did not have access to social services" (32).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for three different classes of citizenship: by birth, by descent, or by registration" (22). "Citizenship is derived from birth in the country and from either parent" (35).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center’s 2009 estimate, approximately 600,000 persons remained displaced because of government policies, including state-sponsored election-related violence, land reform, and Operation Murambatsvina (the government’s evictions of citizens from nonfarming areas in 2005). According to a 2010 assessment, Murambatsvina was the cause of displacement for approximately one-third of the IDPs. More recent estimates were unavailable due to the government’s sensitivity about the problem. Until 2009 the government denied the existence of any IDPs. In 2014 approximately 15,000 persons were displaced from the vicinity of the Tokwe-Mukosi dam in Masvingo Province" (22-23).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DV-LAW-2

Although domestic violence is punishable by a fine and a maximum prison sentence of 10 years, authorities generally considered it a private matter, so prosecution was rare.
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"Men also dominated the judiciary, with less than a third of Supreme Court and high court judges being women, as well as a minority among judicial officers, such as prosecutors, in lower courts" (27).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary education is not compulsory, free, or universal" (36).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sexual offenses, including rape, are punishable by lengthy prison sentences..." (31). "Statutory rape, legally defined as sexual intercourse with a child under age 12, carries a fine of $2,000, imprisonment for up to 10 years, or both...A person procuring a child under age 16 for purposes of engaging in unlawful sexual conduct is liable to a fine up to $5,000 or imprisonment of up to 10 years, or both...Persons charged with facilitating the prostitution of a child often were also charged with statutory rape. A parent or guardian who causes or allows a child under age 18 to associate with or become a prostitute may face up to 10 years...more
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"A person in possession of child pornography may be charged with public indecency and face a fine of $600, imprisonment up to six months, or both" (38).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law recognizes a woman’s right to own property, but very few women did so because of patriarchal inheritance rights under customary practice" (34).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Although domestic violence is punishable by a fine and a maximum prison sentence of 10 years, authorities generally considered it a private matter, so prosecution was rare...There were newspaper reports of wife killings and a few other media reports of prosecutions and convictions for such crimes...the form required to report domestic violence was difficult to complete, and victims were often required to make their own photocopies due to police budgetary constraints. The law requires victims of any form of violence to produce a police report to receive treatment without cost at government health facilities. This requirement prevented many rape victims from receiving necessary medical treatment, including postexposure prophylaxis to prevent...more
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The MICS reported that maternal health improved significantly between 2010 and 2014. Antenatal care attendance and skilled birth attendance increased to 94 percent and 80 percent respectively. While antenatal care attendance was almost the same between rural and urban areas, skilled birth attendance was much lower in rural areas, 75 percent compared with 93 percent in urban areas" (34).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"A local NGO, Musasa Project, which provides emergency shelter and related services for women, handled a monthly average of 1,684 cases of violence against women. Musasa reported that 77 percent of their clients were girls under age 18" (33).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Following the 2013 elections, women filled three of 26 cabinet minister positions in the cabinet, or 11.5 percent of ministers, well below their 52 percent share of the population, as recorded in the 2012 census, and well below the equal representation required by the constitution. Women held three of 13 ministers of state positions and five of 24 deputy minister positions. NGOs also noted the cabinet minister positions occupied by women were less influential" (27).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ISTD-DATA-3

"UNICEF’s 2005-10 report estimated that one-quarter of all children had lost one or both parents to HIV or other causes" (38).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The adult rape clinics in public hospitals in Harare and Mutare were run as NGOs and did not receive a substantial amount of financial support from the Ministry of Health. The clinics received referrals from police and NGOs. They administered HIV tests, provided medication for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, and provided medical services for pregnancy. Although police referred the majority of reported rapes of women and men who received services from the rape centers for prosecution, very few were prosecuted. Private clinics and clinics supported by NGOs and bilateral and multilateral development partners emerged in the past few years to provide medical assistance to survivors of rape. There...more
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes domestic violence, which was a serious problem, especially intimate partner violence perpetrated by men against women" (33).