The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Zimbabwe

May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Burundi, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Mexico, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Peru, Portugal, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Trinidad/Tobago, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

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April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Child welfare NGOs reported evidence of underage marriages, particularly in isolated religious communities or among HIV/AIDS orphans who had no relatives willing or able to take care of them. High rates of unemployment, the dropout of girls from school, and the inability of families to earn a stable income were major causes of child marriage" (37). "Families gave girls or young women to other families in marriage to avenge spirits, as compensatory payment in interfamily disputes, or when promised to others--to provide economic protection for the family. Some families sold their daughters as brides in exchange for food, and younger daughters at times married their deceased older sister’s husband as...more
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The law recognizes a woman’s right to own property, but very few women owned property due to the customary practice of patriarchal inheritance" (35).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-DATA-3

"Less than 20 percent of female farmers were official landowners or named on government lease agreements" (35).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1, DV-DATA-1

"Almost a quarter of married women who had experienced domestic violence reported sexual violence, while 8 percent reported both physical and sexual violence" (33).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"While the law criminalizes sexual offenses, including rape and spousal rape, these crimes remained widespread problems. Spousal rape received less attention than physical violence against women. Almost a quarter of married women who had experienced domestic violence reported sexual violence, while 8 percent reported both physical and sexual violence" (33).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Women have the right to register their children’s births, although either the father or another male relative must be present. If the father or other male relative refuses to register the child, the child may be deprived of a birth certificate, which limits the child’s ability to acquire identity documents and enroll in school" (36).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Conviction of statutory rape, legally defined as sexual intercourse with a child under age 12, carries a fine of $2,000, up to 10 years’ imprisonment, or both (…) Persons charged with facilitating the prostitution of a child often were also charged with statutory rape" (38).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"There was a relative lack of women in decision-making positions, despite a constitutional requirement that both genders be equally represented in all institutions and agencies of government at every level" (50).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"Despite the enactment of the Domestic Violence Act in 2006 that criminalized acts of domestic violence, domestic violence remained a serious problem, especially intimate partner violence perpetrated by men against women. Although conviction of domestic violence is punishable by a fine and a maximum sentence of 10 years’ imprisonment, authorities generally considered it a private matter, and prosecution was rare" (34).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to the 2012 population census, almost one in four teenage girls were married" (37).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"There is also an institutional framework to address women’s rights and gender equality through the Ministry of Women Affairs, Gender, and Community Development and the Gender Commission--one of the independent commissions established under the constitution. Despite the appointment of commissioners in 2015, the commission received only minimal funding from the government and lacked sufficient independence from the ministry" (35).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"According to the 2012 population census, 87 percent of all children attended primary school. School attendance was only slightly higher in urban than in rural areas, and enrollment for children older than 14 was in decline" (36).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"In the case of spousal rape, reporting was even lower due to women’s fear of losing economic support or of reprisal, lack of awareness that spousal rape is a crime, police reluctance to be involved in domestic disputes, and bureaucratic hurdles (...) A lack of adequate and widespread services for rape victims also discouraged reporting" (33).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to international organizations, approximately 113,000 households were displaced and more than 250 groups of identified IDPs lived throughout the country. The primary causes of displacement were rural evictions (45.7 percent), natural disasters (27.7 percent), localized conflict (13.3 percent), and urban evictions (13.1 percent)" (24). "According to UNHCR, the country hosted approximately 17,627 refugees and asylum seekers during the year" (26).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"A person in possession of child pornography may be charged with public indecency and if convicted faces a fine of $600, imprisonment up to six months, or both" (38).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"Women comprised 35 percent of deployed personnel to peacekeeping missions" (36).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Virginity testing, although reportedly decreasing, continued to occur in some parts the country during the year" (34). "An NGO study published in 2014 found that because of the cultural emphasis placed on virginity, any loss of virginity--real or perceived, consensual or forced--could result in marriage" (38).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Following the 2013 elections, women filled three of 24 cabinet minister positions, well below their 52 percent share of the population, as recorded in the 2012 census, and well below the equal representation required by the constitution. Women held four of 12 minister of state positions and six of 24 deputy minister positions. Women’s rights organizations noted the cabinet minister positions occupied by women were less influential" (29). "At the local government level, women held approximately 17 percent of councilor positions nationwide" (29).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported female prisoners generally fared better than male prisoners. Authorities held women in separate prison wings and provided women guards. Women generally received more food from their families than did male prisoners. The several dozen children under age four living with their incarcerated mothers were required to share their mothers’ food allocation. NGOs were unaware of women inmates reporting rapes or other physical abuse. With support from NGOs, prisons distributed some supplies such as sanitary pads for women. In contrast to previous years, a local NGO working in the prison system reported prison officials stopped reserving many of these supplies for themselves. Officials did not provide pregnant women and...more
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: IW-PRACTICE-1

"Widows, when forced to relocate to rural areas, were sometimes 'inherited' into marriages with an in-law after the deaths of their spouses" (36).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Divorce and maintenance laws were equitable, but many women lacked awareness of their rights" (35).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Women remained largely underrepresented in local and national politics, and men overwhelmingly held most senior positions in the public sector. Some observers believed that traditional and cultural factors limited the participation of women" (29). "According to a credible NGO, there were no official reports of rape being used as a political weapon during the year, but female political leaders were targeted physically or through threats and intimidation. On August 6, MDC-T supporters reportedly attacked MDC-T vice president Thokozani Khupe at MDC-T’s Bulawayo provincial headquarters, accusing her of convening an unsanctioned meeting. In...more
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Most rural citizens were unfamiliar with laws against domestic violence and sexual offenses" (33). "Women and children were adversely affected by the government’s forced evictions, demolition of homes and businesses, and takeover of commercial farms. Widows, when forced to relocate to rural areas, were sometimes 'inherited' into marriages with an in-law after the deaths of their spouses" (36).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"Men also dominated the judiciary; fewer than one-third of Supreme Court and High Court judges were women. Women were a minority among judicial officers, such as prosecutors, in lower courts" (29).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The government has a national HIV/AIDS policy that prohibits discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS, and the law prohibits discrimination against workers with HIV/AIDS in the private sector and parastatals. Despite these provisions, societal discrimination against persons living with HIV/AIDS remained a problem. Local NGOs reported persons affected by HIV/AIDS faced discrimination in health services, education, and employment (...) In the 2015 DHS, 22 percent of women and 20 percent of men reported they held discriminatory attitudes towards those living with HIV/AIDS" (43).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Although conviction of sexual offenses is punishable by lengthy prison sentences, women’s organizations stated that sentences were inconsistent. Rape victims were not consistently afforded protection in court" (33).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, ABO-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (35).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Government officials sometimes acted on reported rape cases if the perpetrators were security force members or aligned with ZANU-PF. For example, in August police arrested police deputy commissioner Cosmas Mushore and Zimbabwe National Army lieutenant-colonel Rangarirai Kembo on charges of rape in two separate incidents" (33).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"In some instances family members forced a girl to marry a man based on the mere suspicion that the two had had sexual intercourse. This cultural practice even applied in cases of rape, and the study found numerous instances in which families concealed rape by facilitating the marriage between rapist and victim" (38).