The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ABO-LAW-1

July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Act No. 18.987 of 22 October 2012, providing access to interruption of pregnancy within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy" (page 2). "It also notes with concern the widespread use of conscientious objection among medical practitioners, thereby limiting access to safe abortion services, which are guaranteed by law" (page 11-12).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The draft Penal Code was tabled in the House of Representatives in December 2014, but as a result of strong institutional pressure and representations by feminist and women’s organizations, it was decided to refer the project to a Commission to consider the objections raised. The . . . included the title 'Protection of Intrauterine Life' in the article governing abortion outside the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act and kept sexual offences under the title 'Offences against Good Customs and Family Order', to mention only a few issues" (page 10). "The legislation on the right to sexual and reproductive health (Act No. 18426, Annex) has been strengthened, laying the foundations of...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

" . . . (b) The criminalization of abortion, except when the life or the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman or girl is at risk, the impact that such criminalization has on the maternal mortality ratio and the fact that it compels women, in particular young women living in poverty, to resort to unsafe abortion, in addition to the requirement to have two physicians certify that the abortion is necessary to preserve the life of the pregnant woman or girl" (page 11-12).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Abortion is legal in New Zealand for women of any age, if two certifying consultants agree that the pregnancy will seriously harm a woman’s physical or mental health . . . A recent High Court ruling regarding the legal grounds for early medical abortions may pave the way for greater availability of this less invasive procedure. DHBs are required to offer abortion services for their population. Access to abortion services varies by region" (page 27). "The Government has no plans to review the law on abortion but MOH is currently developing a new sexual and reproductive health action plan that will review the availability of abortion services" (page 48). "[Need...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Article 13 of the Regulation for the Implementation of Uterine Evacuation and Sterilization Services and their Supervision based on Law No. 2827 on Population Planning, according to which the termination of the pregnancy of a married woman is subject to 'spousal authorization'. The Committee recommends that the State party make all efforts necessary to ensure that all laws that are discriminatory towards women are repealed, and: . . . Make all legal amendments necessary to ensure that abortion up to the tenth week, or up to the twentieth week in the event of rape, are subject to the decision of the pregnant woman or girl alone" (page 5). "The Committee...more
May 29, 2018, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In 2013 the country enacted the Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act to permit abortion in limited circumstances such as real and substantive risk to the life of the pregnant women. Some international and national organizations have raised concerns about the lack of legal and medical clarity in implementing the Act" (13).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to improve the health status of women and girls through the adoption of such policies as the national health policy of 2016. Nevertheless, it notes with concern...the high incidence of unsafe abortion owing to the State party’s restrictive laws, which permit abortions only in order to save a pregnant woman’s life" (12).
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In a landmark judgement, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that any woman may terminate a pregnancy resulting from rape without needing to seek prior judicial authorization. The judgement also establishes that the doctor who performs the procedure may not be punished. Article 86, paragraphs 1 and 2, of the Argentine Criminal Code stipulates that abortion is not punishable in two situations: when carried out in order to avoid endangering the mother’s life or health and when the pregnancy results from “rape or indecent assault of a women with a mental disability”. The second paragraph had given rise to a landmark judicial debate, in which two interpretations are posited: a first...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"the State party has not yet adopted a law on the decriminalization of abortion" (12).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Laws relating to pregnancy termination are matters for states and territories. The Australian Government has no constitutional powers in this area" (Pg 38).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned...That a new bill that envisages making abortion for girls between 16 and 18 years of age dependent on the consent of the parents, caretakers or legal guardians was approved in February 2015 by the lower chamber of the parliament" (10).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Abortion, which ranks third among the causes of maternal mortality in the country, is prohibited except in the cases specified in Act No. 049-2005/AN of 21 December 2005 on reproductive health. In all health facilities with the requisite technical capacity, post-abortion care is ensured through manual vacuum aspiration of the uterus (MVA)" (31).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the achievements of the State party in reducing maternal and infant mortality and notes the information provided by the delegation of the State party that all women migrant workers are covered by health insurance. However, the Committee notes with concern: The criminalization of abortion except in very limited cases, which do not include incest, rape and threat to the health of the pregnant woman; That women having reportedly been accused of illegal abortion following miscarriages were faced with criminal charges" (pg 9).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned at the criminalization of abortion and the absence of exceptions in cases of rape or incest" (Pg 8).
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of a plan by the Ministry of Public Health in 2013 for the delivery of a comprehensive package of primary health-care services, the establishment of primary health-care centres throughout the State party and the progress achieved in reducing maternal mortality. The Committee is concerned, however, about the limited access of women and adolescent girls to sexual and reproductive health services in rural and remote areas in the State party. It is also concerned about the insufficient monitoring of private health-care providers, which are the majority providers of specialized health services for women. The Committee further notes with concern the high number of unsafe abortions owing...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s significant achievements in reducing infant and maternal mortality, but is concerned about the limited freedom experienced by women in their family planning and their choices of birth methods. It is particularly concerned about the reports that women are often subjected to overly medicalized births and caesarean operations without having been consulted beforehand. The Committee is also concerned about the amendments in 2015 to the law on voluntary termination of pregnancy (2007), which impose stringent conditions in the form of four separate obligatory consultations prior to abortion, in addition to fees. The Committee recommends that the State party provide for adequate safeguards to ensure that...more
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"It also notes that the State party has established a medical protocol of options for abortion. The Committee is, however, concerned: (a) That the amendment on 15 July 2009 to article 141 of the Penal Code (Decree-Law No. 19/2009) has further restricted women’s access to safe and legal abortions by stipulating that abortion is legal only when necessary to protect the life of the mother and that, in such cases, it must be authorized by a panel of three doctors, and by allowing other health professionals to lodge an objection to the proposed abortion" (11).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the intention of the State party to lower the level of sanctions for abortion and to consider introducing further grounds under which abortion could be made legal. The Committee is, however, concerned about the high prevalence of abortion, the restrictive laws governing abortion and the ensuing high rate of health complications among women and girls. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 31) and calls upon the State party: . . . (d) To legalize abortion, at least in cases in which pregnancy is harmful to the mother’s health and in instances of incest, rape and severe fetal impairment, and remove punitive measures for women...more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The criminalization of abortion, the restrictive conditions under which abortion is available and the lack of implementation of the rule issued by the Constitutional Court in 2014 abolishing the requirement of judicial authorization for abortion in cases of rape" (10).
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: ABO-LAW-1, ABO-DATA-1

"That unsafe abortions are prevalent irrespective of efforts by the State party to provide access to abortion services in specific cases, such as where there is a substantial risk that continuation of the pregnancy would gravely impair the physical or mental health of the mother, or that the child would be born with severe fetal impairment, or where the pregnancy resulted from rape, incest or other felonious intercourse" (12).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, ISTD-DATA-2, MMR-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1, ABO-DATA-1

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/NAM/CO/3, paras. 24 and 25) and commends the State party for its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and unsafe abortions, which have contributed to the increase in the maternal mortality ratio in the State party. The Committee is particularly concerned that, while abortion is permissible on prescribed grounds such as rape, incest, threat to the health and life of the pregnant woman and foetal malformation, pursuant to the Abortion and Sterilization Act of 1975, women still undergo complex and onerous administrative procedures to obtain approval for abortion. The...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to improve the health status of women, but notes with concern: (a) The high rates of maternal mortality and child mortality; (b) The high number of adolescent pregnancies and the insufficient measures taken to ensure access to sexual and reproductive health services and information, including modern contraceptives; (c) The fact that abortion is criminalized except when the life or health of the pregnant woman is at risk, and the impact that that has on the high maternal mortality rate; (d) The disproportionately high HIV prevalence among women and the prevalence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; (e) The fact that, in...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The very limited implementation of Constitutional Court ruling C-355 (2006), which guarantees access to legal abortion under the grounds of life or health risks for the mother, rape and serious malformations of the foetus; the public campaigning against its implementation by high authorities of the State party; and the prevalence of invasive and expensive abortion procedures" (Pg 10).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In light of the 1997 law prohibiting all forms of abortion, El Salvador recognizes the limitations this situation creates for the full enjoyment and exercise of sexual and reproductive rights by Salvadoran women" (30).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISTD-PRACTICE-1, ISTD-DATA-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the numerous measures taken by the State party to address maternal mortality and expand universal health coverage, but remains concerned about: (a) The persistently high rates of maternal mortality, the limited health infrastructure for pregnant women, the insufficient number of skilled personnel attending births and women’s limited access to essential obstetric care; (b) The lack of comprehensive education on sexual and reproductive health and rights and family planning services, and the limited access to modern contraceptives; (c) The criminalization of abortion (art. 305 of the Penal Code); the restrictive conditions under which abortion is available under the code of professional conduct (i.e. only in cases of threats...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the introduction of prenatal programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and of clandestine abortions, which have contributed to the increase in maternal mortality in recent years. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To intensify the implementation of HIV/AIDS response strategies, especially preventive strategies, and to continue to provide free antiretroviral treatment to all women and men living with HIV/AIDS, including pregnant women so as to prevent mother-to-child transmission; (b) To step up efforts to reduce the incidence of maternal mortality, such as providing safe abortion and post-abortion care services" (page 9-10).more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The CDMX in the framework of sexual and reproductive rights, within the program of Legal Interruption of Pregnancy (ILE) has performed 154071 interventions" (page 22). "In 2014, article 30 of the LGV harmonized the Regulations of the General Health Law Regarding Availability of Medical Attention Services, so that health personnel cannot place conditions on emergency contraception or interruption of pregnancy for women who are victims of sexual violence, with the presentation of a complaint. In 2016, the NOM 046-SSA2-2005 was modified; for domestic and sexual violence and violence against women who are considering voluntary abortion in case of sexual violence, in accordance with the LGV, it obligates health personnel to...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Law Commission has formulated a comprehensive draft Bill recommending the liberalization of the current strict approach contained in the Penal Code. The proposal has been formulated in consultation with medical professionals and recommends that termination of pregnancies be permitted in limited circumstances such as rape and where the foetus is established to have congenital abnormalities. A policy decision on the proposals is awaited" (23).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In Costa Rica, the only situation of abortion that is not punishable is regulated in article 121 of the Penal Code, which refers to cases where there is danger to the mother’s life or health" (27).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Act 2006-16 of 21 June 2006 on Reproductive Health (RH), through its implementing decree, authorizes assisted medical procreation and abortion in cases of rape and incest" (pg 18). "In the context of the reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality, many innovative strategies have been implemented, in particular through the provision of essential neonatal obstetrical care (SONE), emergency neonatal obstetrical care (SONU), prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI), and maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) care at the community level: reproductive health outreach teams, health care quality assurance, post-abortion care, a “husbands’ school”, dual-protection social marketing (family planning and HIV prevention), fairground activities and...more