The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ABO-LAW-1

Sept. 15, 2018, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Abortion is illegal in almost all circumstances in Paraguay. The only exception is when a pregnancy has life-threatening complications. This narrow exception is not enough to protect the lives, health, and dignity of girls and women in the country. Abortion is illegal in Paraguay for pregnancies that resulted from rape or incest. It is illegal when the pregnancy poses a serious – but not life-threatening – health risk, and when a fetus has no hope of surviving outside the womb" (para 2-3). "In 2015, a 10-year-old girl in Paraguay became pregnant after she was raped by her stepfather. Her mother requested permission for the girl to have an abortion, but...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In October, Australian media reported that authorities transferred a female detainee from Nauru to Sydney for medical treatment. She was reportedly one of two Somali women who alleged they were raped at the Nauru detention center. Media claimed she came to Sydney for an abortion, a procedure that is illegal in Nauru" (2-3). This is a report regarding an illegal immigrant who was detained and then sent to Sydney for medical treatment. It is implied that there are more lax abortion laws in Australia than in Nauru. Abortion laws vary from state to state within Australia (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"...the Committee deeply regrets that all the recent parliamentary initiatives aimed at decriminalizing abortion have failed in the State party, including those where the health or life of the mother are at risk, in cases of serious foetus malformation or rape. While welcoming the statement made by the delegation that the right to life of the mother prevails where her health or life is at risk, the Committee reiterates the concern expressed in its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/CHI/CO/4, para. 19) that abortion remains a criminal offence in all circumstances" (8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In Costa Rica, the only situation of abortion that is not punishable is regulated in article 121 of the Penal Code, which refers to cases where there is danger to the mother’s life or health" (27).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Police said initial investigations indicated that unmarried girls and women who visited the clinic for an abortion were persuaded by staff to give birth and sell their babies" (para 7). This clinic is described earlier in the article as being a private nursing home/charity. It appears that abortions are legal, at least in certain cases (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In May the government passed a law authorizing abortion in cases of rape, incest, or severe deformation, expanding existing legislation that allowed abortion in case of danger to the life of the mother" (28).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:17 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In 2013 the country enacted the Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act to permit abortion in limited circumstances such as real and substantive risk to the life of the pregnant women. Some international and national organizations have raised concerns about the lack of legal and medical clarity in implementing the Act" (13).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“access to abortion in the State party is restricted to cases where there is a real and substantial risk to the life of the pregnant woman under the Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act of 2013, which was enacted following the decision of the European Court of Human Rights in the case of A, B and C v Ireland, and that this exception is interpreted in a very restrictive manner” (11-12)
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“Abortion in all cases other than where there is a real and substantial risk to the life of the pregnant woman is criminal and carries a maximum penalty of 14 years imprisonment” (12)
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“Article 40.3.3 of the Constitution (also known as the Eighth Amendment), which protects the right to life of the unborn and therefore unduly restricts access to abortion, has not been amended” (3)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“As of March 2015, 43 states had parental consent or notification laws—which require parents of a minor seeking an abortion to consent to the procedure or be notified—and 38 of the 43 enforced these laws. Among these 38 states, 12 enforced the notification of parents and 21 enforced parental consent” (169)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“In the United States, the 1973 Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade established the legal right to abortion” (169)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“In the first quarter of 2015 alone, state legislators introduced a total of 332 provisions to restrict access to abortion services; by April 2015, 53 of these provisions had been approved by a legislative chamber and nine had been enacted” (165)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“In 2015, 30 states had statutes requiring waiting periods for abortions—which mandate that a physician cannot perform an abortion until a certain number of hours after the patient is notified of her options in dealing with a pregnancy—compared with 26 states in 2004” (168)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“Twenty-six of the 30 states that as of March 2015 had statutes requiring mandatory waiting periods for obtaining an abortion enforced these statutes, with waiting periods that ranged from 18 to 72 hours” (169)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“The number of states (17) that provide public funding for all or most medically necessary abortions—typically defined to protect the woman’s physical or mental health (Kaiser Family Foundation 2014b)—for Medicaid enrollees stayed the same between 2004 and 2015” (169)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“federal law has banned the use of federal funds for most abortions since 1977, and currently does not allow the use of federal funds for abortions unless the pregnancy resulted from rape or incest or the woman’s life is in danger” (169)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“In 2013 and 2014, a broad range of legislation was introduced and passed, including bills requiring women to have an ultrasound before obtaining an abortion, stringent regulatory measures targeting abortion providers, bans or restrictions preventing women from obtaining health insurance coverage for abortion, and bans on abortion at later stages of pregnancy” (169)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

“The number of jurisdictions with laws on the books preventing minors from accessing abortion without parental consent or notification (43) stayed the same between 2004 and 2015” (169)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee . . . notes that the poor health situation of women in the State party is attributed to, among other things, persisting sociocultural barriers, including traditional harmful practices, the lack of autonomy for women, the unavailability, unaffordability and inaccessibility of modern contraceptives and sexual and reproductive health-care services and information, including to adolescents, and difficulties in gaining access to legal abortions" (page 10-11).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned that, while abortion is permitted when the life of the pregnant woman is in danger, it is criminalized in cases of rape, incest and severe fetal impairment" (page 12).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

" . . . there has been a lack of specific measures to implement the recommendations of the Committee’s inquiry conducted in 2012 (CEDAW/C/OP.8/PHL/1), including with regard to access to modern contraceptives and the legalization of abortion under certain circumstances" (page 11).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Act No. 18.987 of 22 October 2012, providing access to interruption of pregnancy within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy" (page 2). "It also notes with concern the widespread use of conscientious objection among medical practitioners, thereby limiting access to safe abortion services, which are guaranteed by law" (page 11-12).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The draft Penal Code was tabled in the House of Representatives in December 2014, but as a result of strong institutional pressure and representations by feminist and women’s organizations, it was decided to refer the project to a Commission to consider the objections raised. The . . . included the title 'Protection of Intrauterine Life' in the article governing abortion outside the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act and kept sexual offences under the title 'Offences against Good Customs and Family Order', to mention only a few issues" (page 10). "The legislation on the right to sexual and reproductive health (Act No. 18426, Annex) has been strengthened, laying the foundations of...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

" . . . (b) The criminalization of abortion, except when the life or the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman or girl is at risk, the impact that such criminalization has on the maternal mortality ratio and the fact that it compels women, in particular young women living in poverty, to resort to unsafe abortion, in addition to the requirement to have two physicians certify that the abortion is necessary to preserve the life of the pregnant woman or girl" (page 11-12).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Abortion is legal in New Zealand for women of any age, if two certifying consultants agree that the pregnancy will seriously harm a woman’s physical or mental health . . . A recent High Court ruling regarding the legal grounds for early medical abortions may pave the way for greater availability of this less invasive procedure. DHBs are required to offer abortion services for their population. Access to abortion services varies by region" (page 27). "The Government has no plans to review the law on abortion but MOH is currently developing a new sexual and reproductive health action plan that will review the availability of abortion services" (page 48). "[Need...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Article 13 of the Regulation for the Implementation of Uterine Evacuation and Sterilization Services and their Supervision based on Law No. 2827 on Population Planning, according to which the termination of the pregnancy of a married woman is subject to 'spousal authorization'. The Committee recommends that the State party make all efforts necessary to ensure that all laws that are discriminatory towards women are repealed, and: . . . Make all legal amendments necessary to ensure that abortion up to the tenth week, or up to the twentieth week in the event of rape, are subject to the decision of the pregnant woman or girl alone" (page 5). "The Committee...more
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to improve the health status of women and girls through the adoption of such policies as the national health policy of 2016. Nevertheless, it notes with concern...the high incidence of unsafe abortion owing to the State party’s restrictive laws, which permit abortions only in order to save a pregnant woman’s life" (12).
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In a landmark judgement, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that any woman may terminate a pregnancy resulting from rape without needing to seek prior judicial authorization. The judgement also establishes that the doctor who performs the procedure may not be punished. Article 86, paragraphs 1 and 2, of the Argentine Criminal Code stipulates that abortion is not punishable in two situations: when carried out in order to avoid endangering the mother’s life or health and when the pregnancy results from “rape or indecent assault of a women with a mental disability”. The second paragraph had given rise to a landmark judicial debate, in which two interpretations are posited: a first...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"the State party has not yet adopted a law on the decriminalization of abortion" (12).