The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for ADCM-LAW-1

April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"The rules regarding maintenance payments vary significantly by canton, including when a parent neglects his or her obligations to provide child maintenance, and, in some cases, the parent beneficiary may later be requested to pay maintenance payments back. Maintenance payments are taxed as income, ultimately increasing the single parent’s tax burden and overstretching already limited financial resources. The Federal Council rejected the introduction of minimum maintenance payments for children after the divorce of their parents" (Pg 16). "The Committee is concerned that its previous recommendations to better redress gender disparities and economic disparities ('shortfalls') upon divorce have not been followed, and that the amended Child Maintenance Act has not introduced ...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Cabinent Decision No. 192 of 3/6/1431 A.H. (17/5/2010)…seeks to address the situation of Saudi children abroad who are neglected and indigent because their father disavows them or is estranged from them. It requires the father to rectify the situations of such children according to the instructions issue for this purpose if the father acknowledges the children. If the father is unable to provide for the children's expenses, the children are referred to the Charitable Society for the Care of Saudi Families Abroad or a similar association. The association allocates a monthly sum to such families. If a father diavows or is alienated from his children, the mother must submit document ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"The law initiative that reforms articles 168 and 184 for the Federal Civil Code, to amplify the catalogue of goods that constitute the conjugal partnership, considering intangible goods, employment benefits (pension and insurance benefits), means to guarantee, in case of divorce, the proportion of goods and food between the partners to fulfill the survival and needs of the children, as well as to guarantee to the woman the right to receive alimony in case of divorce by mutual consent, is in the process of review in the Chamber of Deputies. 25 states already have legal means to recognize intangible and tangible goods as part of the acquisitions to divide in ...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"An Alimony Fund was set up by Law No. 6 (2005) in order to help marginalized families maintain their human dignity in cases where the husband or relatives fail to carry out their financial support obligations. That Fund pays regular monthly court-ordered alimony and any arrears to wives, women observing the prescribed post-divorce waiting period, children, parents and dependent relatives in cases where there is a problem collecting alimony from the legally responsible party because he is absent, his place of residence is unknown, he does not have sufficient funds to comply with the judgment, or for any other reason. Both residents and non residents of the State of Palestine ...more
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern the absence of gender- based criteria and legal advice to apply provisions under the new Civil and Commercial Code (art. 440), allowing the marriage of persons under 18 years of age based on the authorization of judicial authorities, and the decisions on financial compensation for economically disadvantaged spouses during divorce proceedings" (17).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Post-divorce, the recommendations suggest limiting the time period for alimony. Yet, it does not provide evidence on what percentage of divorced couples actually rely on alimony payments on a regular basis. Given the fact that employment rates for women are very low in Turkey, the recommended changes in alimony would mean women without an income should strive to survive in their unhappy marriages to avoid becoming destitute. Similarly, the recommendations put women who are not well educated and lack access to lawyers at great risk to lose their inheritance and alimony payments" (para 12).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Following divorce (after years of living with her husband) women have no right to the assets accumulated during their time together, and under Iranian laws she is not a co-owner of her husband’s assets" (para 10). "Although women are accorded dowries and fair remuneration, as divorce is the exclusive right of a man, many are forced to sacrifice their financial rights and are left with no resources" (para 10). "Since women are not considered as co-owners of marital assets, professional women who spend their earnings on their families, following divorce or the death of their husband, are left in poverty and insurmountable challenges in their old age" (para 10).more
Oct. 30, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"'This law confers to these girls no rights other than the right to divorce and obtain proof of paternity … but as far as alimony or spousal support and any other rights are concerned, they have none'" (para 14).
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"Among the most contentious of Jewish rites is the one that grants men disproportionate power in divorce. Women who are not granted divorces are often forced to relinquish their child custody rights or alimony payments to convince husbands to accede"(para 11)
July 5, 2017, 10:07 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"similar to other customary land regimes in Africa, land is always in the name (and control) of male members of the family. Describing the practices in their home areas, displaced women in Somaliland explained that all land and property belonged to the men; “a married woman cannot own land.” Generally, women were also unable to inherit land, and the few that reported receiving an inheritance said that it could not be in the form of land. Their testimony corroborates other observations from southern Somalia: [I]n terms of inheritance practices in southern Somalia at least, Besteman reported that “contrary to Islamic practice, when a man died, his widow and daughters had ...more
July 5, 2017, 10 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The Provisional Constitution for the Federal Republic of Somalia, the Constitution of Puntland, and the Constitution of Somaliland, are all based on and cannot contravene Shari’a; thus, Islamic rights and a significant part of customary norms as pertains to women’s HLP rights are the same throughout the country. These include family laws (in particular laws related to marriage and divorce), inheritance laws, and land and property laws. Such laws determine who has control over assets, who has the ability to make economic decisions in their own name, and who can own, administer, transfer or inherit property. In general, all three constitutions affirm women’s rights to equality before the law, the ...more
June 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“The Committee notes that the State party has a community property regime. It is concerned, however, that intangible assets, including work-related benefits, accrued pension rights and savings, in addition to future earning capacity, are not considered to be a part of the joint property to be divided upon the dissolution of a marriage and there is no other mechanism to compensate for the lack of their distribution. The Committee notes with concern that the economic rights of women in de facto unions are not recognized, including upon the dissolution of their relationship” (12).
June 21, 2017, 11:42 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“Russian divorce law stipulates that all money, property, and assets accumulated prior to marriage remain the property of the original holder (spouse). If an investment (at each spouse’s expense) is made into a preowned marriage asset, then its value can increase significantly. Under these circumstances, a divorcing spouse does have the right to claim a proportionate sum of the property or asset, based on the investment. In general, family law does not provide for alimony payments to an ex-spouse. Alimony is not provided in light of the number of years the couple was married, the spouse’s education level, the spouse’s work experience, or the impact of divorce on the spouse’s ...more
June 1, 2017, 1:18 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“While the Committee acknowledges the amendment to the Civil Code (December 2007), which seeks to protect the rights of the spouse to have marital property restored in cases where the other spouse has disposed of the property before a court has taken a decision on its distribution, it is concerned that in the State party the equal sharing of marital property upon divorce relates only to tangible property (movable and immovable) and does not include intangible property such as pension and savings funds and that the equal sharing of tangible property is based on court precedent and is not legally binding. The Committee is further concerned that ‘fault’ of either ...more
May 27, 2017, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“The Committee notes with concern: … That the State party’s current law on property distribution upon divorce does not adequately address gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from traditional work and family life patterns. ... Likewise, neither existing legislation nor case law addresses the distribution of future earning potential so as to redress possible gender-based economic disparities between spouses” (13).
May 23, 2017, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“The initiative of the revision of the articles 168 and 184 of the Federal Civil Code, to improve the wellbeing of the spousal society, considering the intangible goods, the provisions related to employment (pension, provision of insurance), mediums to guarantee -in case of divorce, the division of goods and alimony between spouses to provide for the subsistence and needs of the children- and in order to guarantee the woman's right to alimony in case of divorce by mutual consent, is in process of judgement in the CD [Chamber of Deputies]. 25 states already have judicial means to recognize the tangible and intangible goods as part of the goods included in ...more
May 16, 2017, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“The Committee is concerned that while the Civil Code provides that, under the optional community property regime, property obtained during the time of the marriage is considered joint property to be divided equally upon divorce, this is limited only to tangible property (movable and immovable property), but does not encompass intangible assets, including work-related benefits (such as pensions and insurance benefits), nor does it adequately redress the economic disparities between spouses resulting from the existing sex segregation of the labour market and women’s greater share in unpaid work, as evidenced by the 2009 National Time Use Survey” (12).
May 2, 2017, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“The law protects women’s property rights in common-law marriages. It entitles a woman who separates or divorces to one-half of the couple’s property if she had regular employment during the marriage and one-third of the property if she had not been employed" (11).
April 27, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"The Government reported that the Law on Sex Equality provides that women have equal inheritance rights to men with regards to property or land. They also have the same rights to have a share of property or land at the time of a divorce" (para 3).
April 12, 2017, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Women have a legal right to property in divorce cases" (747).
Feb. 23, 2017, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“When a marriage ends, the co-owned property should in theory [by law] be equally shared” (171).
Jan. 23, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"In Upper Egypt, customs and traditions prevent families from assigning agricultural lands to women by way of inheritance so that the ownership of family lands isn’t transferred to another family when these women marry” (para 9). "The [draft] law guarantees care for a child born as a result of customary marriage, through an authority established for this purpose. The [draft] law also requires the husband who concludes a customary marriage to pay child alimony. An article was added for cases of deprivation of inheritance in case of denial of parentage or denial of marriage" (para 13).
Dec. 9, 2016, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"The law permits a woman to head a household, recognizes a wife’s right to a portion of a couple’s property, and allows a woman to maintain contact with her children after a divorce" (17).
Nov. 15, 2016, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Main opposition [to the court ruling that a couple can be married religiously without a civil marriage] Republican People’s Party deputy Candan Yuceer reminded listeners that in Turkey, at least one in three women were married while underage and pointed out that the court’s decision legalized child marriage in a way, leaving women and children with no rights in the event of divorce or a spouse’s death. Nationalist People’s Party deputy Ruhsar Demirel conveyed similar concerns"(para 6)
Sept. 24, 2016, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Shari'ah law provides for detailed and complex calculations of inheritance shares. Woman may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled" (para 17)
Sept. 24, 2016, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Article twenty-one of the Great Green Charter allows either spouse to initiate a divorce, and protects both spouses’ right to keep their property in the wake of a divorce. Husbands may divorce their wives, provided they submit a court petition and obtain legislative agreement. Wives may request a divorce in cases in which the husband is impotent, absent without justification, or unable to provide for his wife. Law No. 10 of 1984 also grants women the right to divorce their husbands on alternate grounds, if they agree to surrender financial rights including dowry and maintenance" (para 1). "In the case of divorce, provided she is not deemed to be the ...more
Sept. 24, 2016, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"If the woman is deemed the cause of the divorce, then not only is she denied any outstanding mahar (dower payment), but in addition, the custody of her children is given to the husband. In some cases, she is also ordered to pay compensation. If the court decides that the divorce is the fault of the husband, he is ordered to pay compensation as well any outstanding mahar. After a divorce has been granted, the law imposes on the husband a duty to maintain his wife for a certain period regardless of how wealthy she may be. However, in practice it seems that this is not enforced and that divorced ...more
Sept. 24, 2016, 1:46 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Under Article 48 of Law No. 10 of 1984, Libyan women also have the right to khula, a process that allows the wife to divorce her husband on other grounds, provided she is willing to give up financial rights including her dowry and maintenance. If the court deems the woman to be the cause of the divorce, she forfeits her right to sadaq (deferred dowry payment) and custody of the couple’s children. If the court deems the man to be at fault, he is obliged to pay his wife compensation as well as the sadaq agreed to at the time of marriage. After a divorce has been granted, the law ...more
Sept. 24, 2016, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Libya currently has no unified family code. Different laws relating to personal status are partly based on the Maliki school of Sunni Islam, and contain provisions that discriminate against women. Civil courts typically make decisions relating to personal status, as civil and Sharia courts have been merged since 1969" (para 3). "In some cases, women cede their inheritance rights to their brothers, partly to ensure that they will then receive financial support if they do not marry, or become divorced or widowed. It is not clear how common this practice is" (para 6)
Sept. 23, 2016, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"In a divorce situation the rights and obligations related to properties and any other assets, child support and parenting are duties of both members of the couple. Still it is current practice that most children, especially under the age of three, are in their mother’s custody" (59)