The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ADCM-LAW-1

May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Women may add conditions to marriage contracts to protect their interests in the event of divorce and child custody disputes, but rarely did so" (105).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Family Law of the Federation BiH and the Family Law RS, were amended in 2014. The FBIH amendments stipulate that before initiation of divorce proceedings a spouse or both spouses who have children, and during the pregnancy, are obliged to apply for mediation. The RS amendments provide for protection of the child’s right to live with parents and for parents to care for them above all, and this right may be limited only when it is found to be in the best interest of the child" (37).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"A civil family court or a religious court settles child custody, alimony, and property matters after the divorce, which gives preference to the father unless it can be demonstrated that a child especially 'needs' the mother" (38)
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Women’s rights advocates indicated that in rural areas women often forfeited land and property rights to their husbands in divorce proceedings. Rural contract law and laws protecting women’s rights stipulate that women enjoy equal rights in cases of land management, but experts assserted that this was rarely the case due to the complexity of the law and difficulties in its implementation. A 2011 Supreme People’s Court decision exacerbated the gender wealth gap by stating that after divorce marital property belongs solely to the person registered as the homeowner in mortgage and registration documents--in most cases the husband. In determining child custody in divorce cases, judges made determinations based on the...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case. The law does not entitle a divorced woman to alimony in some cases, such as if she gave up her right to alimony to persuade her husband to agree to the divorce" (para 197).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-2

"Women have legal rights to property and child custody, and the more educated and urbanized members of the population recognized these rights. Nevertheless, women had fewer legal rights than men. Divorced women, for example, could lose child custody if they remarried" (page 19).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Newly married couples must state explicitly in the marriage contract whether they elect to combine their possessions or to keep them separate" (page 23).
Aug. 29, 2018, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"The law is lenient for men in the casse of remarriage and evading payment of alimony for children from first marriage" (Para 2).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“Although the law provides for a community property regime that equally divides property acquired during marriage upon divorce, women are nevertheless required to prove their actual monetary contribution to the acquisition of property” (16)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“The definition of marital property in article 288 of the Family Law seems narrow and excluding of intangible assets such as accrued pension rights and other work-related benefits, in addition to future earning capacity, and does not adequately address gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from traditional work and family-life patterns, which often lead to men benefiting from an enhancement of their human capital and greater earning potential, whereas women often experience the reverse” (15)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“a mother who does not receive alimony payments from a child’s father is required to formally sue the father in order to be eligible to receive social benefits instead” (15)
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"As regards the withholding of alimony to women who lead a 'disorderly life' established in article 183 of the Civil Code, it was modified by the provisions of Acts Nos. 19075 and 19119, which establish a different procedure for determining alimony and eliminate the reference to a 'disorderly life'" (page 37).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage," (55).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"The rules regarding maintenance payments vary significantly by canton, including when a parent neglects his or her obligations to provide child maintenance, and, in some cases, the parent beneficiary may later be requested to pay maintenance payments back. Maintenance payments are taxed as income, ultimately increasing the single parent’s tax burden and overstretching already limited financial resources. The Federal Council rejected the introduction of minimum maintenance payments for children after the divorce of their parents" (Pg 16). "The Committee is concerned that its previous recommendations to better redress gender disparities and economic disparities ('shortfalls') upon divorce have not been followed, and that the amended Child Maintenance Act has not introduced...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Cabinent Decision No. 192 of 3/6/1431 A.H. (17/5/2010)…seeks to address the situation of Saudi children abroad who are neglected and indigent because their father disavows them or is estranged from them. It requires the father to rectify the situations of such children according to the instructions issue for this purpose if the father acknowledges the children. If the father is unable to provide for the children's expenses, the children are referred to the Charitable Society for the Care of Saudi Families Abroad or a similar association. The association allocates a monthly sum to such families. If a father diavows or is alienated from his children, the mother must submit document...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"The law initiative that reforms articles 168 and 184 for the Federal Civil Code, to amplify the catalogue of goods that constitute the conjugal partnership, considering intangible goods, employment benefits (pension and insurance benefits), means to guarantee, in case of divorce, the proportion of goods and food between the partners to fulfill the survival and needs of the children, as well as to guarantee to the woman the right to receive alimony in case of divorce by mutual consent, is in the process of review in the Chamber of Deputies. 25 states already have legal means to recognize intangible and tangible goods as part of the acquisitions to divide in...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"An Alimony Fund was set up by Law No. 6 (2005) in order to help marginalized families maintain their human dignity in cases where the husband or relatives fail to carry out their financial support obligations. That Fund pays regular monthly court-ordered alimony and any arrears to wives, women observing the prescribed post-divorce waiting period, children, parents and dependent relatives in cases where there is a problem collecting alimony from the legally responsible party because he is absent, his place of residence is unknown, he does not have sufficient funds to comply with the judgment, or for any other reason. Both residents and non residents of the State of Palestine...more
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern the absence of gender- based criteria and legal advice to apply provisions under the new Civil and Commercial Code (art. 440), allowing the marriage of persons under 18 years of age based on the authorization of judicial authorities, and the decisions on financial compensation for economically disadvantaged spouses during divorce proceedings" (17).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Post-divorce, the recommendations suggest limiting the time period for alimony. Yet, it does not provide evidence on what percentage of divorced couples actually rely on alimony payments on a regular basis. Given the fact that employment rates for women are very low in Turkey, the recommended changes in alimony would mean women without an income should strive to survive in their unhappy marriages to avoid becoming destitute. Similarly, the recommendations put women who are not well educated and lack access to lawyers at great risk to lose their inheritance and alimony payments" (para 12).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Following divorce (after years of living with her husband) women have no right to the assets accumulated during their time together, and under Iranian laws she is not a co-owner of her husband’s assets" (para 10). "Although women are accorded dowries and fair remuneration, as divorce is the exclusive right of a man, many are forced to sacrifice their financial rights and are left with no resources" (para 10). "Since women are not considered as co-owners of marital assets, professional women who spend their earnings on their families, following divorce or the death of their husband, are left in poverty and insurmountable challenges in their old age" (para 10).more
Oct. 30, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"'This law confers to these girls no rights other than the right to divorce and obtain proof of paternity … but as far as alimony or spousal support and any other rights are concerned, they have none'" (para 14).
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"Among the most contentious of Jewish rites is the one that grants men disproportionate power in divorce. Women who are not granted divorces are often forced to relinquish their child custody rights or alimony payments to convince husbands to accede"(para 11)
July 5, 2017, 10:07 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"similar to other customary land regimes in Africa, land is always in the name (and control) of male members of the family. Describing the practices in their home areas, displaced women in Somaliland explained that all land and property belonged to the men; “a married woman cannot own land.” Generally, women were also unable to inherit land, and the few that reported receiving an inheritance said that it could not be in the form of land. Their testimony corroborates other observations from southern Somalia: [I]n terms of inheritance practices in southern Somalia at least, Besteman reported that “contrary to Islamic practice, when a man died, his widow and daughters had...more
July 5, 2017, 10 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The Provisional Constitution for the Federal Republic of Somalia, the Constitution of Puntland, and the Constitution of Somaliland, are all based on and cannot contravene Shari’a; thus, Islamic rights and a significant part of customary norms as pertains to women’s HLP rights are the same throughout the country. These include family laws (in particular laws related to marriage and divorce), inheritance laws, and land and property laws. Such laws determine who has control over assets, who has the ability to make economic decisions in their own name, and who can own, administer, transfer or inherit property. In general, all three constitutions affirm women’s rights to equality before the law, the...more
June 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“The Committee notes that the State party has a community property regime. It is concerned, however, that intangible assets, including work-related benefits, accrued pension rights and savings, in addition to future earning capacity, are not considered to be a part of the joint property to be divided upon the dissolution of a marriage and there is no other mechanism to compensate for the lack of their distribution. The Committee notes with concern that the economic rights of women in de facto unions are not recognized, including upon the dissolution of their relationship” (12).
June 21, 2017, 11:42 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“Russian divorce law stipulates that all money, property, and assets accumulated prior to marriage remain the property of the original holder (spouse). If an investment (at each spouse’s expense) is made into a preowned marriage asset, then its value can increase significantly. Under these circumstances, a divorcing spouse does have the right to claim a proportionate sum of the property or asset, based on the investment. In general, family law does not provide for alimony payments to an ex-spouse. Alimony is not provided in light of the number of years the couple was married, the spouse’s education level, the spouse’s work experience, or the impact of divorce on the spouse’s...more
June 1, 2017, 1:18 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“While the Committee acknowledges the amendment to the Civil Code (December 2007), which seeks to protect the rights of the spouse to have marital property restored in cases where the other spouse has disposed of the property before a court has taken a decision on its distribution, it is concerned that in the State party the equal sharing of marital property upon divorce relates only to tangible property (movable and immovable) and does not include intangible property such as pension and savings funds and that the equal sharing of tangible property is based on court precedent and is not legally binding. The Committee is further concerned that ‘fault’ of either...more
May 27, 2017, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“The Committee notes with concern: … That the State party’s current law on property distribution upon divorce does not adequately address gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from traditional work and family life patterns. ... Likewise, neither existing legislation nor case law addresses the distribution of future earning potential so as to redress possible gender-based economic disparities between spouses” (13).
May 23, 2017, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“The initiative of the revision of the articles 168 and 184 of the Federal Civil Code, to improve the wellbeing of the spousal society, considering the intangible goods, the provisions related to employment (pension, provision of insurance), mediums to guarantee -in case of divorce, the division of goods and alimony between spouses to provide for the subsistence and needs of the children- and in order to guarantee the woman's right to alimony in case of divorce by mutual consent, is in process of judgement in the CD [Chamber of Deputies]. 25 states already have judicial means to recognize the tangible and intangible goods as part of the goods included in...more
May 16, 2017, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“The Committee is concerned that while the Civil Code provides that, under the optional community property regime, property obtained during the time of the marriage is considered joint property to be divided equally upon divorce, this is limited only to tangible property (movable and immovable property), but does not encompass intangible assets, including work-related benefits (such as pensions and insurance benefits), nor does it adequately redress the economic disparities between spouses resulting from the existing sex segregation of the labour market and women’s greater share in unpaid work, as evidenced by the 2009 National Time Use Survey” (12).