The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ADCM-PRACTICE-1

June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage," (55). "Traditional legal practices in the North Caucasus award the husband custody of children and all property in divorce cases. As a result women in the region were often unwilling to seek divorce, even in cases...more
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that 71 per cent of maintenance recipients are single mothers" (14). "The Committee is concerned that the State party does not ensure effective enforcement proceedings in case of unpaid maintenance obligations, thus disproportionately affecting single mothers" (14).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that its previous recommendations to better redress gender disparities and economic disparities ('shortfalls') upon divorce have not been followed, and that the amended Child Maintenance Act has not introduced a federal scheme of deficit-sharing and a minimal contribution to child maintenance, and, as a result, child maintenance is determined only to the extent that the person duty-bound to pay such maintenance is financially able to pay. It is also concerned that the default rule of joint parental authority and preference for shared custody may lead to a reduction in the number of child maintenance orders, with no mechanism to ensure that shared custody is indeed practised,...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned that the Court of Cassation has little oversight over religious courts, which tend to rule in favour of the husband in divorce, alimony and child custody proceedings" (pg 12).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Sweden understands the recommendation to mean that the Committee takes the view that Swedish law does not have a possibility of sufficiently compensating a spouse for unpaid work in the home and with children during the marriage in a division of property in connection with a divorce. The legislation of some countries is based on the view that a spouse who has been at home with children is compensated as a rule for this retrospectively if the spouses divorce. However, Sweden considers that such an approach is based on an outdated view of gender roles and marriage, in which it is assumed that one of the spouses is supported by...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Post-divorce, the recommendations suggest limiting the time period for alimony. Yet, it does not provide evidence on what percentage of divorced couples actually rely on alimony payments on a regular basis. Given the fact that employment rates for women are very low in Turkey, the recommended changes in alimony would mean women without an income should strive to survive in their unhappy marriages to avoid becoming destitute. Similarly, the recommendations put women who are not well educated and lack access to lawyers at great risk to lose their inheritance and alimony payments" (para 12).
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Among the most contentious of Jewish rites is the one that grants men disproportionate power in divorce. Women who are not granted divorces are often forced to relinquish their child custody rights or alimony payments to convince husbands to accede"(para 11)."According to the court documents, the wife suffered the stroke on a visit to Israel with her husband in 2005. Shortly after, the husband returned to the US, where he remains. His wife and their two children stayed in Israel and she became an Israeli citizen. The court says the husband has ignored her request and a court ruling for a divorce as well as another ruling demanding he pay...more
June 21, 2017, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Toward the end of our four-and-a-half-hour interview, Evgenia showed me a foldout bed tucked into the back of the hallway. Because her former husband is registered as an official occupant of the apartment (divorce does not change residency rights automatically), the police told her that she had no right to kick him out completely. He has not laid a hand on her since the divorce, but he sleeps in the hallway when he is not staying with his own parents in the country” (72).
June 21, 2017, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Mothers also worry about officially remarrying especially because an official husband would then acquire rights to live in or inherit her apartment, even after divorce” (115).
June 21, 2017, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Inna is unusual in that her ex-husband, a wealthy New Russian, pays for her apartment and gives her a monthly allowance. She has difficult relations with her former husband and she hates feeling so dependent, yet at the same time she does not have to rely on her own mother as much as other [divorced] women do” (147).
June 17, 2017, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

“What is particularly worrisome about the sole focus on female household heads as beneficiaries in the [land] reforms in Venezuela … is that if in the case of couples, only husbands are on the beneficiary lists, this leaves women vulnerable in the case of household dissolution” (275).
June 12, 2017, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage.Traditional practices in the North Caucasus award the husband custody of children and all property in divorce cases. As a result, women in the region were often unwilling to seek divorce, even in cases of abusemore
June 12, 2017, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The wife has no power to contest the divorce; her power if divorced is limited to applying to the kathi [religious council] to compel her husband to give her a mattah, an Islamic form of alimony sometimes called a consolation gift, the amount and period of which is determined by the court. The mattah may not be awarded at all, depending on the cause of the divorce” (154).
June 1, 2017, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee recommends that the State party take the necessary legislative measures to recognize both tangible and intangible property, such as pension and savings funds, as part of marital property and to incorporate a rule of equal distribution of marital property upon divorce in its legislation, in line with article 16 of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendation No. 21 (1994) on equality in marriage and family relations. The Committee further recommends that legislative measures be taken to eliminate consideration of ‘fault’ in the determination of the division of assets in divorce cases” (10).
June 1, 2017, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee ... is concerned that in the State party the equal sharing of marital property upon divorce relates only to tangible property (movable and immovable) and does not include intangible property such as pension and savings funds and that the equal sharing of tangible property is based on court precedent and is not legally binding. The Committee is further concerned that ‘fault’ of either party to the marriage may be taken into account in determining the division of assets in divorce cases” (10).
May 31, 2017, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Land is often acquired ... when the woman changes status to become the head of her household following divorce ... Women heads of household and widows represent only 16 percent of all households in the oasis regions and do not have access to land titles that can be used as collateral for bank loans” (9).
May 31, 2017, 9:34 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Women also face significant challenges in retaining their property after divorce” (7).
May 29, 2017, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“‘She [my wife] would be most upset if she found out that I had been unfaithful. She would be devastated. She would want an immediate divorce, sale of property and division of proceeds from sale of property’” (75).
May 27, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee notes with concern: … gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from traditional work and family life patterns ... often lead to men having enhanced human capital and earning potential, while women may experience the opposite, so that spouses currently do not equitably share in the economic consequences of the marriage and its dissolution” (13).
May 27, 2017, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee recommends that the State party: … Conduct research on the economic consequences of divorce on both spouses and adopt such legal measures as may be necessary to redress economic disparities between men and women upon the dissolution of marriage, including, in particular, the recognition of earning potential as part of the marital property to be distributed upon divorce or the award of periodic payments as compensation for the loss of earning potential during marriage” (13-14).
May 25, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee is particularly concerned by: ... The lack of information about whether, when determining the distribution of property upon divorce, judges take into account the differences in the earning potential and human capital of spouses and address gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from the existing sex segregation of the labour market, the gender wage gap and women’s disproportionate share in unpaid work such as childcare” (13).
May 25, 2017, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

“In cases when a marriage ends by any means such as when the husband died, most women [in the southern border provinces] do not get their fair share of the marriage property and the inheritance is not managed according to the spirit of Islam" (9).
May 24, 2017, 10:45 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“In Costa Rica, women with the right to marry are often discriminated against economically in the wake of divorce or separation. This can take the form of the destruction of goods or property by the male partner, or property divestiture, which women are sometimes ‘obliged … to accept … in order to escape from an abusive relationship’” (para 6).
May 23, 2017, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Germany, United Kingdom
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Ostner and Lewis classify Germany and the United Kingdom as examples of strong male-breadwinner models, and in our regression results the average woman from a male-breadwinner household with children in these countries stands to lose [income] by 34 per cent in Germany and by 26 per cent in the United Kingdom [in the event of a divorce or separation]. But perhaps even more important is the extent of gain which the male breadwinner achieves in this situation. In Germany, he gains [income by] 22 per cent, and in the United Kingdom, 27 per cent. All of these results control for the education and age of the man or woman (neither...more
May 23, 2017, 11:03 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Between 2013 and 2015, the CJF [Council of the Federal Judicature] dictated 20 sentences of protection recognizing tangible and intangible goods as part of the acquired goods that should be divided in case of divorce and establishing mechanisms of reparation considering economic disparities between spouses and women's non-compensated work, there were dictated 219 sentences of direct protection, with partition of goods for separation or divorce. At a federal level 74 sentences were dictated in judgements of direct protection, six in judgements of indirect protection, for pensions solicited by women due to domestic work” (204) (Translated from Spanish by ENB).
May 23, 2017, 11 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“In 5 EF the alimony debtors bank was created to demand that obligations be fulfilled. The SCJN [Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation] determined that the woman that demands the payment of alimony from spouses, with the argument that she dedicated to work in the home, taking care of and educating the children, has in her favor the assumption of needing it. In 75% of the entities, work without compensation that women do in their homes is recognized, and in 78% the economic disparities between spouses are considered, in cases of divorce and in the conferment of alimony with PEG [gender perspective]” (201) (Translated from Spanish by ENB).more
May 17, 2017, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Unfortunately, no studies have yet been done to quantify these types of property divestitures [women losing property upon divorce], which, what is more, are usually legal in a technical sense. In some instances, women accept these arrangements or are obliged to appear to accept them voluntarily in order to escape from an abusive relationship. The fact that these kinds of dispossessions occur during divorce negotiations demonstrates that socially and legally accepted gender relations place women on unsteady ground, and the problem goes unnoticed precisely because it occurs within the context of what are perceived as legally valid ‘ground rules’” (200).
May 17, 2017, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“It is not uncommon for the couple’s second source of income (i.e., the woman’s wages) to be used to pay for their house or to pay off the mortgage on their home, which then is placed in the husband’s or male partner’s name. This is one of the reasons why women run a high risk of losing their property if the couple divorces. This risk does not arise at the time that marriages run into difficulties or when women become aware of such problems, but rather when the men place the property under the name of a business enterprise, and thus remove it from the common property to be divided...more
May 17, 2017, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“In some cases, women agree to reconciliations under the influence of threats and intimidation and therefore give in easily even when such an agreement runs counter to their interests. For example, when going through a divorce, women may appear to voluntarily accept a minimum property settlement when they are actually forced to do so in order to escape an abusive relationship” (192).
May 11, 2017, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee recommends that the State party: Take the necessary measures to redress gender disparities and economic disparities (‘shortfalls’) upon divorce” (16).