The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ADCM-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Among the most contentious of Jewish rites is the one that grants men disproportionate power in divorce. Women who are not granted divorces are often forced to relinquish their child custody rights or alimony payments to convince husbands to accede"(para 11)."According to the court documents, the wife suffered the stroke on a visit to Israel with her husband in 2005. Shortly after, the husband returned to the US, where he remains. His wife and their two children stayed in Israel and she became an Israeli citizen. The court says the husband has ignored her request and a court ruling for a divorce as well as another ruling demanding he pay ...more
June 21, 2017, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Toward the end of our four-and-a-half-hour interview, Evgenia showed me a foldout bed tucked into the back of the hallway. Because her former husband is registered as an official occupant of the apartment (divorce does not change residency rights automatically), the police told her that she had no right to kick him out completely. He has not laid a hand on her since the divorce, but he sleeps in the hallway when he is not staying with his own parents in the country” (72).
June 21, 2017, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Mothers also worry about officially remarrying especially because an official husband would then acquire rights to live in or inherit her apartment, even after divorce” (115).
June 21, 2017, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Inna is unusual in that her ex-husband, a wealthy New Russian, pays for her apartment and gives her a monthly allowance. She has difficult relations with her former husband and she hates feeling so dependent, yet at the same time she does not have to rely on her own mother as much as other [divorced] women do” (147).
June 17, 2017, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

“What is particularly worrisome about the sole focus on female household heads as beneficiaries in the [land] reforms in Venezuela … is that if in the case of couples, only husbands are on the beneficiary lists, this leaves women vulnerable in the case of household dissolution” (275).
June 12, 2017, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage.Traditional practices in the North Caucasus award the husband custody of children and all property in divorce cases. As a result, women in the region were often unwilling to seek divorce, even in cases of abusemore
June 12, 2017, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The wife has no power to contest the divorce; her power if divorced is limited to applying to the kathi [religious council] to compel her husband to give her a mattah, an Islamic form of alimony sometimes called a consolation gift, the amount and period of which is determined by the court. The mattah may not be awarded at all, depending on the cause of the divorce” (154).
June 1, 2017, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee recommends that the State party take the necessary legislative measures to recognize both tangible and intangible property, such as pension and savings funds, as part of marital property and to incorporate a rule of equal distribution of marital property upon divorce in its legislation, in line with article 16 of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendation No. 21 (1994) on equality in marriage and family relations. The Committee further recommends that legislative measures be taken to eliminate consideration of ‘fault’ in the determination of the division of assets in divorce cases” (10).
June 1, 2017, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee ... is concerned that in the State party the equal sharing of marital property upon divorce relates only to tangible property (movable and immovable) and does not include intangible property such as pension and savings funds and that the equal sharing of tangible property is based on court precedent and is not legally binding. The Committee is further concerned that ‘fault’ of either party to the marriage may be taken into account in determining the division of assets in divorce cases” (10).
May 31, 2017, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Land is often acquired ... when the woman changes status to become the head of her household following divorce ... Women heads of household and widows represent only 16 percent of all households in the oasis regions and do not have access to land titles that can be used as collateral for bank loans” (9).
May 31, 2017, 9:34 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Women also face significant challenges in retaining their property after divorce” (7).
May 29, 2017, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“‘She [my wife] would be most upset if she found out that I had been unfaithful. She would be devastated. She would want an immediate divorce, sale of property and division of proceeds from sale of property’” (75).
May 27, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee notes with concern: … gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from traditional work and family life patterns ... often lead to men having enhanced human capital and earning potential, while women may experience the opposite, so that spouses currently do not equitably share in the economic consequences of the marriage and its dissolution” (13).
May 27, 2017, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee recommends that the State party: … Conduct research on the economic consequences of divorce on both spouses and adopt such legal measures as may be necessary to redress economic disparities between men and women upon the dissolution of marriage, including, in particular, the recognition of earning potential as part of the marital property to be distributed upon divorce or the award of periodic payments as compensation for the loss of earning potential during marriage” (13-14).
May 25, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee is particularly concerned by: ... The lack of information about whether, when determining the distribution of property upon divorce, judges take into account the differences in the earning potential and human capital of spouses and address gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from the existing sex segregation of the labour market, the gender wage gap and women’s disproportionate share in unpaid work such as childcare” (13).
May 25, 2017, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

“In cases when a marriage ends by any means such as when the husband died, most women [in the southern border provinces] do not get their fair share of the marriage property and the inheritance is not managed according to the spirit of Islam" (9).
May 24, 2017, 10:45 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“In Costa Rica, women with the right to marry are often discriminated against economically in the wake of divorce or separation. This can take the form of the destruction of goods or property by the male partner, or property divestiture, which women are sometimes ‘obliged … to accept … in order to escape from an abusive relationship’” (para 6).
May 23, 2017, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Germany, United Kingdom
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Ostner and Lewis classify Germany and the United Kingdom as examples of strong male-breadwinner models, and in our regression results the average woman from a male-breadwinner household with children in these countries stands to lose [income] by 34 per cent in Germany and by 26 per cent in the United Kingdom [in the event of a divorce or separation]. But perhaps even more important is the extent of gain which the male breadwinner achieves in this situation. In Germany, he gains [income by] 22 per cent, and in the United Kingdom, 27 per cent. All of these results control for the education and age of the man or woman (neither ...more
May 23, 2017, 11:03 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Between 2013 and 2015, the CJF [Council of the Federal Judicature] dictated 20 sentences of protection recognizing tangible and intangible goods as part of the acquired goods that should be divided in case of divorce and establishing mechanisms of reparation considering economic disparities between spouses and women's non-compensated work, there were dictated 219 sentences of direct protection, with partition of goods for separation or divorce. At a federal level 74 sentences were dictated in judgements of direct protection, six in judgements of indirect protection, for pensions solicited by women due to domestic work” (204) (Translated from Spanish by ENB).
May 23, 2017, 11 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“In 5 EF the alimony debtors bank was created to demand that obligations be fulfilled. The SCJN [Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation] determined that the woman that demands the payment of alimony from spouses, with the argument that she dedicated to work in the home, taking care of and educating the children, has in her favor the assumption of needing it. In 75% of the entities, work without compensation that women do in their homes is recognized, and in 78% the economic disparities between spouses are considered, in cases of divorce and in the conferment of alimony with PEG [gender perspective]” (201) (Translated from Spanish by ENB).more
May 17, 2017, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Unfortunately, no studies have yet been done to quantify these types of property divestitures [women losing property upon divorce], which, what is more, are usually legal in a technical sense. In some instances, women accept these arrangements or are obliged to appear to accept them voluntarily in order to escape from an abusive relationship. The fact that these kinds of dispossessions occur during divorce negotiations demonstrates that socially and legally accepted gender relations place women on unsteady ground, and the problem goes unnoticed precisely because it occurs within the context of what are perceived as legally valid ‘ground rules’” (200).
May 17, 2017, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“It is not uncommon for the couple’s second source of income (i.e., the woman’s wages) to be used to pay for their house or to pay off the mortgage on their home, which then is placed in the husband’s or male partner’s name. This is one of the reasons why women run a high risk of losing their property if the couple divorces. This risk does not arise at the time that marriages run into difficulties or when women become aware of such problems, but rather when the men place the property under the name of a business enterprise, and thus remove it from the common property to be divided ...more
May 17, 2017, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“In some cases, women agree to reconciliations under the influence of threats and intimidation and therefore give in easily even when such an agreement runs counter to their interests. For example, when going through a divorce, women may appear to voluntarily accept a minimum property settlement when they are actually forced to do so in order to escape an abusive relationship” (192).
May 11, 2017, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee recommends that the State party: Take the necessary measures to redress gender disparities and economic disparities (‘shortfalls’) upon divorce” (16).
May 11, 2017, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee is concerned that its previous recommendations to better redress gender disparities and economic disparities (‘shortfalls’) upon divorce were not followed” (15).
May 11, 2017, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee notes the information provided by the State party in relation to rural women. However, it remains concerned that female farmers are often left in a vulnerable situation following divorce and unable to recover any personal assets or access unemployment insurance benefits” (14).
May 9, 2017, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Although divorce is common, the country is experiencing a severe housing shortage, and cohabitation after divorce is increasingly common … For many divorced spouses, there is simply nowhere to go, short of moving in with relatives or friends. Women ... with only one young child will typically return to their parents’ home. Although those are occasional solutions, more often couples will simply continue to live together, transitioning from a romantic relationship to that of roommates. Cohabiting also makes parenting easier for those couples with children who live at home, and maintaining the same residence is generally cheaper than maintaining two smaller ones. Shared residences may be altered for the sake ...more
May 9, 2017, 11 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Most Cubans have few enough luxuries that there is little property to fight over [in a divorce], although this means that what they do have may not be luxuries but necessities, and not enough for the both of them to establish separate households” (332).
May 4, 2017, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"If we add to this situation the fact that divorce implies an increase in expenses for both parents due to the their new living arrangements and the fact that quite often women do not receive alimony, it is easy to understand the financial frailty that arises in a significant amount of families after divorce. One in three women fall into poverty as a result of divorce" (301). "Research on alimony suggests that there is a high rate of failure of maintenance, which causes reduced yields for singleparent families (Cook, Davis, & Davis, 2008; Walter, Hewitt, Natalier, Wulff, & Reynolds, 2010). In families with low incomes, the phenomenon of divorce becomes ...more
May 4, 2017, 5:10 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1

“There were no reports of discrimination in areas such as marriage, divorce, and child custody” (22).