The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ADCM-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"In Syria, divorce is a frightening prospect for women. Although citizens have equal rights in civil law, family law and divorce falls within the realm of sharia. Men, but not women, can unilaterally divorce with only a verbal decree. If a woman divorces through court proceedings, she rarely gets alimony, and she loses custody of young children if she remarries" (para 33).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Ms. Kin, who runs a real estate company, and her supporters say that Mr. Kin, a physician assistant, is demanding $500,000 and full custody of their 12-year-old son in exchange for the divorce" (para 7).
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“E.S. and Others v. Slovakia (application no. 8227/04) (15 September 2009): In 2001 the applicant left her husband and lodged a criminal complaint against him for ill-treating her and her children and sexually abusing one of their daughters. He was convicted of violence and sexual abuse two years later. Her request for her husband to be ordered to leave their home was dismissed, however, the court finding that it did not have the power to restrict her husband’s access to the property (she could only end the tenancy when divorced). The applicant and her children were therefore forced to move away from their friends and family. The Court found that...more
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Suzanne, a 44-year-old woman married before the Orthodox Church in 1998, had to give up all her financial rights in order to keep her 7-year-old daughter until she reached the legal maternal custody age, which was nine at the time. She explained: <more
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Inheritance laws do not discriminate against women, although some inheritances passed disproportionately to sons. In addition, many men hid their assets with their parents or other family members, so that if divorce occurred, they could claim no wealth and become exempt from paying child support or other restitution to the former wife" (Pg 22).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case. The law does not entitle a divorced woman to alimony in some cases, such as if she gave up her right to alimony to persuade her husband to agree to the divorce" (para 197).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Discriminatory provisions in the Personal Status Act relating to child custody, divorce and guardianship, which increase the risk of women being exposed to gender-based violence, and create barriers for women wishing to leave violent relationships and obtain justice" (pg. 13).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at the lack of information on the economic consequences of divorce for women and girls" (page 13).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-3

"Palaung: By Palaung customary law, when a women and a man get divorced, women do not have the right to an inheritance, even if she needs to raise children by herself. If they have a son, only the father has a right to the custody of the son. In some cases, the father gets the custody of both son and daughter. Source: Palaung Women’s Organisation (PWO). Kuki: By Kuki customary law, when a woman and a man get divorced, women do not have the right to any inheritance. In the case of divorce, women are not allowed to sit in the meeting to resolve the case, and are not entitled...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“[single mothers have] particularly difficult economic conditions...[They] often receive no alimony from a child’s father, and about the insufficient support provided to them by the State party and its frequent failure to enforce alimony payments” (15)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage," (55). "Traditional legal practices in the North Caucasus award the husband custody of children and all property in divorce cases. As a result women in the region were often unwilling to seek divorce, even in cases...more
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that 71 per cent of maintenance recipients are single mothers" (14). "The Committee is concerned that the State party does not ensure effective enforcement proceedings in case of unpaid maintenance obligations, thus disproportionately affecting single mothers" (14).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that its previous recommendations to better redress gender disparities and economic disparities ('shortfalls') upon divorce have not been followed, and that the amended Child Maintenance Act has not introduced a federal scheme of deficit-sharing and a minimal contribution to child maintenance, and, as a result, child maintenance is determined only to the extent that the person duty-bound to pay such maintenance is financially able to pay. It is also concerned that the default rule of joint parental authority and preference for shared custody may lead to a reduction in the number of child maintenance orders, with no mechanism to ensure that shared custody is indeed practised,...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned that the Court of Cassation has little oversight over religious courts, which tend to rule in favour of the husband in divorce, alimony and child custody proceedings" (pg 12).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Sweden understands the recommendation to mean that the Committee takes the view that Swedish law does not have a possibility of sufficiently compensating a spouse for unpaid work in the home and with children during the marriage in a division of property in connection with a divorce. The legislation of some countries is based on the view that a spouse who has been at home with children is compensated as a rule for this retrospectively if the spouses divorce. However, Sweden considers that such an approach is based on an outdated view of gender roles and marriage, in which it is assumed that one of the spouses is supported by...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Post-divorce, the recommendations suggest limiting the time period for alimony. Yet, it does not provide evidence on what percentage of divorced couples actually rely on alimony payments on a regular basis. Given the fact that employment rates for women are very low in Turkey, the recommended changes in alimony would mean women without an income should strive to survive in their unhappy marriages to avoid becoming destitute. Similarly, the recommendations put women who are not well educated and lack access to lawyers at great risk to lose their inheritance and alimony payments" (para 12).
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Among the most contentious of Jewish rites is the one that grants men disproportionate power in divorce. Women who are not granted divorces are often forced to relinquish their child custody rights or alimony payments to convince husbands to accede"(para 11)."According to the court documents, the wife suffered the stroke on a visit to Israel with her husband in 2005. Shortly after, the husband returned to the US, where he remains. His wife and their two children stayed in Israel and she became an Israeli citizen. The court says the husband has ignored her request and a court ruling for a divorce as well as another ruling demanding he pay...more
June 21, 2017, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Toward the end of our four-and-a-half-hour interview, Evgenia showed me a foldout bed tucked into the back of the hallway. Because her former husband is registered as an official occupant of the apartment (divorce does not change residency rights automatically), the police told her that she had no right to kick him out completely. He has not laid a hand on her since the divorce, but he sleeps in the hallway when he is not staying with his own parents in the country” (72).
June 21, 2017, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Mothers also worry about officially remarrying especially because an official husband would then acquire rights to live in or inherit her apartment, even after divorce” (115).
June 21, 2017, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Inna is unusual in that her ex-husband, a wealthy New Russian, pays for her apartment and gives her a monthly allowance. She has difficult relations with her former husband and she hates feeling so dependent, yet at the same time she does not have to rely on her own mother as much as other [divorced] women do” (147).
June 17, 2017, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

“What is particularly worrisome about the sole focus on female household heads as beneficiaries in the [land] reforms in Venezuela … is that if in the case of couples, only husbands are on the beneficiary lists, this leaves women vulnerable in the case of household dissolution” (275).
June 12, 2017, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage.Traditional practices in the North Caucasus award the husband custody of children and all property in divorce cases. As a result, women in the region were often unwilling to seek divorce, even in cases of abusemore
June 12, 2017, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The wife has no power to contest the divorce; her power if divorced is limited to applying to the kathi [religious council] to compel her husband to give her a mattah, an Islamic form of alimony sometimes called a consolation gift, the amount and period of which is determined by the court. The mattah may not be awarded at all, depending on the cause of the divorce” (154).
June 1, 2017, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee recommends that the State party take the necessary legislative measures to recognize both tangible and intangible property, such as pension and savings funds, as part of marital property and to incorporate a rule of equal distribution of marital property upon divorce in its legislation, in line with article 16 of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendation No. 21 (1994) on equality in marriage and family relations. The Committee further recommends that legislative measures be taken to eliminate consideration of ‘fault’ in the determination of the division of assets in divorce cases” (10).
June 1, 2017, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee ... is concerned that in the State party the equal sharing of marital property upon divorce relates only to tangible property (movable and immovable) and does not include intangible property such as pension and savings funds and that the equal sharing of tangible property is based on court precedent and is not legally binding. The Committee is further concerned that ‘fault’ of either party to the marriage may be taken into account in determining the division of assets in divorce cases” (10).
May 31, 2017, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Land is often acquired ... when the woman changes status to become the head of her household following divorce ... Women heads of household and widows represent only 16 percent of all households in the oasis regions and do not have access to land titles that can be used as collateral for bank loans” (9).
May 31, 2017, 9:34 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Women also face significant challenges in retaining their property after divorce” (7).
May 29, 2017, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“‘She [my wife] would be most upset if she found out that I had been unfaithful. She would be devastated. She would want an immediate divorce, sale of property and division of proceeds from sale of property’” (75).
May 27, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee notes with concern: … gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from traditional work and family life patterns ... often lead to men having enhanced human capital and earning potential, while women may experience the opposite, so that spouses currently do not equitably share in the economic consequences of the marriage and its dissolution” (13).
May 27, 2017, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee recommends that the State party: … Conduct research on the economic consequences of divorce on both spouses and adopt such legal measures as may be necessary to redress economic disparities between men and women upon the dissolution of marriage, including, in particular, the recognition of earning potential as part of the marital property to be distributed upon divorce or the award of periodic payments as compensation for the loss of earning potential during marriage” (13-14).