The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-LAW-1

Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"In reference to the Committee’s observation 35 on the lack of compulsory free education for all and the lack of information on girls’ dropout rates and causes during stages of education, and in reference to the recommendation in paragraph 36 of the concluding observations to make education compulsory and available for all, continue efforts to ensure equal access to education for women and girls, adopt measures to address traditional gender stereotypes and provide detailed information, particularly sex- and age-disaggregated statistics on education — the Law of the Child promulgated by Royal Decree No. 22/2014, article 36, provides for free education in Government schools up to the stage following basic education...more
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"94 percent of Romani children now start school at the compulsory age of three" (17). This is compulsory across the nation, but it is not indicated until what grade/age (AA-CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The law provided for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under laws related to family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance, as well as employment, credit, pay, owning and/or managing businesses, education, and housing" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Kindergarten, elementary and secondary education is free and compulsory through age 18, but the quality of education was often poor, and access was not universal, especially in rural areas" (28).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"County and city labor bureaus effectively enforced minimum age laws by ensuring the implementation of compulsory education" (18). Education is mandatory up to a certain age, but the text does not say what age (AA-CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary education is compulsory and universal on both the mainland and Zanzibar until the age of 15" (24).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is compulsory through the ninth grade; however, compulsory education was not enforced, and some children did not attend school, especially children of noncitizens" (24).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"School attendance is not compulsory" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary education is not compulsory, free, or universal" (36).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Public education is compulsory until age 15 or grade nine" (35).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education was free but not compulsory" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is free and compulsory for all citizens through the age of 18 years or nine years of education, whichever comes first" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"As of 2013 the law provides for free but not compulsory education through grade 12 and for subsidies thereafter under the government’s tuition fee free policy. As a result of the policy, more than 20 percent more children were enrolled in school. Despite the policy many schools charged fees, however, and many children did not progress further than primary school. Primary and secondary education completion rates tended to be slightly higher for boys than for girls" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"For the first time, the new constitution makes primary education compulsory nationwide. Before the new constitution was adopted, compulsory education was being implemented in 13 pilot districts. Government policy provides free primary education for all children between the ages of five and 12, although the families of most students bore some costs for examinations and had to buy uniforms. The government reported that more than 95 percent of school-age children attended primary schools" (32).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Although education is compulsory through primary school (grades one to seven), primary school completion remained beyond the means of many families, especially in rural areas" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is free and compulsory through age 15" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law prohibits children under age 14 from working...The International Labor Organization also noted that the minimum age for employment is less than the minimum age for completing compulsory education and continued to urge the government to align the two limits" (26-27). The legal age for remaining in complusory education is above 14-years old (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education for children between the ages of six and 14 is compulsory" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for tuition-free public education for all citizen children and makes primary education until age 16 compulsory" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is compulsory, free, and universal through fifth grade, but a shortage of teachers and the expectation children would help their parents with farming in rural areas prevented some children from attending school" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law requires segregation by gender of classes at all universities and secondary schools, although it was not always enforced. In December the constitutional court ruled that the gender segregation law is constitutional but that separate facilities are not required to enforce gender segregation. The court ruled that separate sitting areas in the classroom met the law’s requirement" (25). It appears that education is legally available to women but there under certain conditions, such as gender segregation (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Education for citizens is free through the university level and compulsory through the secondary level" (26).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is compulsory, free, and universal until the ninth grade" (41).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AFE-LAW-1, ASR-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to ensure equal access for women and girls to all levels of education and the increase in the rate of girls’ participation in primary and secondary education. The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) Discriminatory admission criteria that require women, but not men, to attain specific grades in order to enrol in certain traditionally male-dominated courses, such as engineering, at the tertiary level" (page 11).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"In Montenegro equal access to education for both women and men at all levels is guaranteed" (page 24).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The General Education Act (No. 18437) establishes that State education shall be governed by the following principles: it shall be free, secular and ensure equal opportunity, in addition to the principles and purposes established in the Act. The State shall provide special support to particularly vulnerable persons and groups and shall act to include persons and groups who are the object of cultural, economic and social discrimination so that they can achieve real equality of opportunity in access to, continuity of and success in education. It shall also promote action to change stereotypes that discriminate against people by age, gender, race, ethnicity or sexual orientation. The right to education for...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the gender parity that exists at the primary level of education. It also welcomes the adoption, in 2014, by the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training on the mainland of a new education and training policy that provides for equal access and opportunities to education and training for boys and girls. The Committee is, however, concerned at: . . . The lack of explicit provisions in the education legislation covering the mainland to prohibit the expulsion of pregnant girls from school, and the continued prevalence of the practice of mandatory pregnancy testing of girls as a precondition for admission to school and their expulsion if found to...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Under the Act Turkmen citizens are guaranteed access to education, regardless of their nationality, race, sex, origin, property and employment status, place of residence, language, attitude towards religion, political views, party affiliation or lack thereof, as well as age and health condition" (26). "The Act and other applicable legal rules and regulations guarantee equal rights, opportunities and conditions for all children, including girls, to take advantage of all of the rights, freedoms and privileges provided under the law, as well as their access to education at all levels, including free and compulsory secondary education, and the realization of their abilities, interests and needs" (26).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

". . . under the newly adopted legislation, compulsory education has been extended to 12 years. The Committee is concerned, however, that this scheme also allows pupils, subject to parental approval, to opt for home schooling from 12 years of age and to continue their education at specialized religious schools (hatip)" (page 13).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to increase women’s and girls’ participation in education and reduce their illiteracy rate by the 2011 launch of a 'free and compulsory education programme'” (10).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Formal schooling in Australia starts with a preparatory year followed by 12 years of primary and secondary school. In the final year of secondary school, students can study for the Senior Secondary Certificate of Education which is required for entry by most Australian universities and training institutions. It is also recognised as an entry requirement by many international universities" (Pg 27).