The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for AFE-LAW-1

July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The General Education Act (No. 18437) establishes that State education shall be governed by the following principles: it shall be free, secular and ensure equal opportunity, in addition to the principles and purposes established in the Act. The State shall provide special support to particularly vulnerable persons and groups and shall act to include persons and groups who are the object of cultural, economic and social discrimination so that they can achieve real equality of opportunity in access to, continuity of and success in education. It shall also promote action to change stereotypes that discriminate against people by age, gender, race, ethnicity or sexual orientation. The right to education for...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the gender parity that exists at the primary level of education. It also welcomes the adoption, in 2014, by the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training on the mainland of a new education and training policy that provides for equal access and opportunities to education and training for boys and girls. The Committee is, however, concerned at: . . . The lack of explicit provisions in the education legislation covering the mainland to prohibit the expulsion of pregnant girls from school, and the continued prevalence of the practice of mandatory pregnancy testing of girls as a precondition for admission to school and their expulsion if found to...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Public education is compulsory until age 15 or grade nine" (35).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Under the Act Turkmen citizens are guaranteed access to education, regardless of their nationality, race, sex, origin, property and employment status, place of residence, language, attitude towards religion, political views, party affiliation or lack thereof, as well as age and health condition" (26). "The Act and other applicable legal rules and regulations guarantee equal rights, opportunities and conditions for all children, including girls, to take advantage of all of the rights, freedoms and privileges provided under the law, as well as their access to education at all levels, including free and compulsory secondary education, and the realization of their abilities, interests and needs" (26).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

". . . under the newly adopted legislation, compulsory education has been extended to 12 years. The Committee is concerned, however, that this scheme also allows pupils, subject to parental approval, to opt for home schooling from 12 years of age and to continue their education at specialized religious schools (hatip)" (page 13).
June 7, 2018, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"County and city labor bureaus effectively enforced minimum age laws by ensuring the implementation of compulsory education" (18). Education is mandatory up to a certain age, but the text does not say what age (AA-CODER COMMENT)
June 6, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"As of 2013 the law provides for free but not compulsory education through grade 12 and for subsidies thereafter under the government’s tuition fee free policy. As a result of the policy, more than 20 percent more children were enrolled in school. Despite the policy many schools charged fees, however, and many children did not progress further than primary school. Primary and secondary education completion rates tended to be slightly higher for boys than for girls" (17).
May 29, 2018, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education was free but not compulsory" (11).
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is compulsory, free, and universal through fifth grade, but a shortage of teachers and the expectation children would help their parents with farming in rural areas prevented some children from attending school" (21).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to increase women’s and girls’ participation in education and reduce their illiteracy rate by the 2011 launch of a 'free and compulsory education programme'” (10).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Formal schooling in Australia starts with a preparatory year followed by 12 years of primary and secondary school. In the final year of secondary school, students can study for the Senior Secondary Certificate of Education which is required for entry by most Australian universities and training institutions. It is also recognised as an entry requirement by many international universities" (Pg 27).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Fiji’s Constitution recognizes that education is a fundamental human rights and freedoms but subject to the availability of resources within the State. Right to Education: 'Every person has the right to early childhood education, primary and secondary education and further education. The State must take reasonable measures within its available resources to achieve the progressive realization of the right- 1) To free early childhood, primary, secondary and further education; and 2) Education for persons who are unable were unable to complete their primary and secondary education'" (19).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to improve girls’ access to education by adopting the National Plan for Zero Dropout Rates for 2009-2013. It remains concerned, however, that girls’ school enrolment remains lower than that of boys and that the dropout rate among girls, especially girls from minority groups, at the secondary level of education remains disproportionately high. It also notes with concern the limited access to education for Roma and Egyptian girls and girls with disabilities, as well as children living in rural and remote areas, owing to poor school infrastructure and lack of teachers. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about gender segregation and women’s concentration...more
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"That national legislation does not provide for inclusive and accessible education for girls with disabilities" (Pg 8).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Compulsory Education Act (Cap. 211), which provides for nine years of compulsory education for all girls and boys" (pg 2). "The Committee notes the high literacy rate and the high level of enrolment of women and girls in tertiary education. It also notes that the State party allocates 13 per cent of its national budget to education and that it is planning to increas e the length of compulsory formal education from 9 to 12 years. The Committee is concerned, however, that women and girls continue to choose traditionally female -dominated fields of education and remain underrepresented in technical and vocational education. While noting the continuing review of school curricula...more
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Articles 43 to 47 state that education is the right of all citizens and education up to bachelor level is free of charge. In addition, secondary school education is considered mandatory and the government must establish balance in and improve education for, women and nomads and eliminate illiteracy. The government also supports the cultural activities. Article 3 of Education Law also states that 'citizens of Afghanistan have the right to education without any discrimination'" (Pg 7).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education has been provided free of charge at all levels from kindergarten to university since 1965 and is compulsory at primary and intermediate stages" (2). "The right to free education at all levels, in addition to which education is compulsory at the primary level" (6). "According to article 29, justice and equality are two of the pillars upon which the Kuwaiti Constitution is based. As such, the right to education is available equally to all, without discrimination between men and women. This right is affirmed by several articles of the Constitution and the laws and regulations pertaining to education, which may be clarified as follows: 1) Article 40 of the...more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2008 of the State party's combined second, third and fourth periodic reports…in undertaking legislative reform, in particular the adoption of the following legislation…(d) Avelino Sinani-Elizardo Perez Education Act, No. 070 of 20 December 2010, which stipulates that education should be anti-patriarchal" (1-2).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2010 of the State party’s fourth periodic report (CEDAW/C/UZB/4) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption in 2013 of amendments to article 47 of the Code of Administrative Liability, establishing the liability of parents,caregivers or guardians if they prevent children, including girls, from receiving compulsory secondary education or secondary specialized vocational training" (1). This amendment indicates that secondary education is mandatory for girls and boys (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia

"The Committee welcomes the revision of the Teenage Pregnancy Policy of 2009 on the prevention and management of pregnancy and the provision of life skills as a subject in schools which, among other things, is focused on the dangers and effects of teenage pregnancy. The Committee is concerned, however, at the high rates of pregnancy that result in girls dropping out of school, in particular in the Kavango and Kunene regions. It is also concerned that girls routinely avoid engineering courses. The Committee is further concerned about the lack of appropriate measures to enforce the law that prohibits corporal punishment and prevent its use in all settings, especially schools. The...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2005 of the State party’s combined initial, second and third periodic reports (CEDAW/C/GMB/1-3) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: (a) Domestic Violence Act, in 2013; (b) Sexual Offences Act, in 2013; (c) Women’s Act, in 2010; (d) Legal Aid Act, in 2008; (e) Trafficking in Persons Act, in 2007" (page 1-2) (Coder comment: the 2010 Women's act includes provisions for equality in employment, access to education, and property ownership - ARR). "The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The General Education Act and its 2011 amendments prohibit any kind of discrimination, denial of enrolment or expulsion of girls due to pregnancy" (8).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Saudi laws guarantee all citizens the right to a free education without discrimination" (35).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"In basic education, the Secretary of Public Education (SEP) incorporated themes of human rights, gender equality, eradication of violence, health education, sexual education, and sexual and reproductive rights with a formative focus, from preschool to secondary school. The Sectoral Education Program 2013-2018 has PEG and actions to strengthen retention of girls, adolescents and youth in all educational levels" (page 19). "The LDGNNA highlights the right to education for girls, boys and adolescents; this guarantee is the responsibility of the three branches of government which must guarantee: access and retention of pregnant girls and adolescents, affirmative action for enrollment, retention and re-enrollment, eliminate obstacles to access, provide educational opportunities, establish positive...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"As previously reported there are no legal barriers to schooling for girls in the nearly 10,000 state schools and in other private schools. The fact that 96 per cent of schools are co-educational has facilitated the access of girls to schools" (34).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The right to education without discrimination is enshrined in the Constitution of Kenya 2010" (24). "Education and Policy 2015 goal: The policy aims at providing every Kenyan, without any discrimination, with basic quality education and training which includes 2 years of pre-primary, 8 yeras of primary and 4 years of secondary/technical education. The policy also seeks to ensure that education and training embrace equity issues, such as equal opportunity for all in access, retention, transition and completion and to eliminate gender and regional disparities at all levels of education by 2015" (24).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Great efforts have been made by Niger, as witness the implementation of the Orientation Law of the Education System in Niger (LOSEN) and the Ten-Year Education Development Programme (PDDE). Significant results have been achieved at the preschool, primary, secondary, and higher education levels and in adult literacy campaigns" (pg 10).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Disappointingly, the animals do not seem to regard the drones as alternative sheepdogs. “They haven’t been terribly obliging – yet,” says Molesworth, who is studying for her PhD in agriculture climate science" (Para 3). Molesworth is an Australian woman getting her PhD which would imply women have the legal right to an education (EJ-Coder Comment).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The legal-normative framework stipulates the equal access of women and men to social assistance, healthcare, education, employment, participation in the public and political life (see CCD, p.190-191)" (pg 7). "Article 6 of the Law on Education confirms the right to education, which is guaranteed, irrespective of nationality, sex, age, social origin and status, political or religious belonging, criminal records. The state ensures equal access to state institutions of secondary, vocational, and higher education, according to student’s skills and capacities" (Pg 25). "According to the national legislation, women and men have equal rights to land ownership, access to insurance programs, medical services, educational programs, creation and participation in agricultural cooperatives, development...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that article 36 of the Child Law provides for free and compulsory education in government schools until the completion of post-basic education" (11).