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Latest items for AFE-LAW-1

April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Fiji’s Constitution recognizes that education is a fundamental human rights and freedoms but subject to the availability of resources within the State. Right to Education: 'Every person has the right to early childhood education, primary and secondary education and further education. The State must take reasonable measures within its available resources to achieve the progressive realization of the right- 1) To free early childhood, primary, secondary and further education; and 2) Education for persons who are unable were unable to complete their primary and secondary education'" (19).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to improve girls’ access to education by adopting the National Plan for Zero Dropout Rates for 2009-2013. It remains concerned, however, that girls’ school enrolment remains lower than that of boys and that the dropout rate among girls, especially girls from minority groups, at the secondary level of education remains disproportionately high. It also notes with concern the limited access to education for Roma and Egyptian girls and girls with disabilities, as well as children living in rural and remote areas, owing to poor school infrastructure and lack of teachers. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about gender segregation and women’s concentration ...more
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"That national legislation does not provide for inclusive and accessible education for girls with disabilities" (Pg 8).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Compulsory Education Act (Cap. 211), which provides for nine years of compulsory education for all girls and boys" (pg 2). "The Committee notes the high literacy rate and the high level of enrolment of women and girls in tertiary education. It also notes that the State party allocates 13 per cent of its national budget to education and that it is planning to increas e the length of compulsory formal education from 9 to 12 years. The Committee is concerned, however, that women and girls continue to choose traditionally female -dominated fields of education and remain underrepresented in technical and vocational education. While noting the continuing review of school curricula ...more
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Articles 43 to 47 state that education is the right of all citizens and education up to bachelor level is free of charge. In addition, secondary school education is considered mandatory and the government must establish balance in and improve education for, women and nomads and eliminate illiteracy. The government also supports the cultural activities. Article 3 of Education Law also states that 'citizens of Afghanistan have the right to education without any discrimination'" (Pg 7).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education has been provided free of charge at all levels from kindergarten to university since 1965 and is compulsory at primary and intermediate stages" (2). "The right to free education at all levels, in addition to which education is compulsory at the primary level" (6). "According to article 29, justice and equality are two of the pillars upon which the Kuwaiti Constitution is based. As such, the right to education is available equally to all, without discrimination between men and women. This right is affirmed by several articles of the Constitution and the laws and regulations pertaining to education, which may be clarified as follows: 1) Article 40 of the ...more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2008 of the State party's combined second, third and fourth periodic reports…in undertaking legislative reform, in particular the adoption of the following legislation…(d) Avelino Sinani-Elizardo Perez Education Act, No. 070 of 20 December 2010, which stipulates that education should be anti-patriarchal" (1-2).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2010 of the State party’s fourth periodic report (CEDAW/C/UZB/4) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption in 2013 of amendments to article 47 of the Code of Administrative Liability, establishing the liability of parents,caregivers or guardians if they prevent children, including girls, from receiving compulsory secondary education or secondary specialized vocational training" (1). This amendment indicates that secondary education is mandatory for girls and boys (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1, ASR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the revision of the Teenage Pregnancy Policy of 2009 on the prevention and management of pregnancy and the provision of life skills as a subject in schools which, among other things, is focused on the dangers and effects of teenage pregnancy. The Committee is concerned, however, at the high rates of pregnancy that result in girls dropping out of school, in particular in the Kavango and Kunene regions. It is also concerned that girls routinely avoid engineering courses. The Committee is further concerned about the lack of appropriate measures to enforce the law that prohibits corporal punishment and prevent its use in all settings, especially schools. The ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2005 of the State party’s combined initial, second and third periodic reports (CEDAW/C/GMB/1-3) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: (a) Domestic Violence Act, in 2013; (b) Sexual Offences Act, in 2013; (c) Women’s Act, in 2010; (d) Legal Aid Act, in 2008; (e) Trafficking in Persons Act, in 2007" (page 1-2) (Coder comment: the 2010 Women's act includes provisions for equality in employment, access to education, and property ownership - ARR). "The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women ...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The General Education Act and its 2011 amendments prohibit any kind of discrimination, denial of enrolment or expulsion of girls due to pregnancy" (8).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Saudi laws guarantee all citizens the right to a free education without discrimination" (35).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"In basic education, the Secretary of Public Education (SEP) incorporated themes of human rights, gender equality, eradication of violence, health education, sexual education, and sexual and reproductive rights with a formative focus, from preschool to secondary school. The Sectoral Education Program 2013-2018 has PEG and actions to strengthen retention of girls, adolescents and youth in all educational levels" (page 19). "The LDGNNA highlights the right to education for girls, boys and adolescents; this guarantee is the responsibility of the three branches of government which must guarantee: access and retention of pregnant girls and adolescents, affirmative action for enrollment, retention and re-enrollment, eliminate obstacles to access, provide educational opportunities, establish positive ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"As previously reported there are no legal barriers to schooling for girls in the nearly 10,000 state schools and in other private schools. The fact that 96 per cent of schools are co-educational has facilitated the access of girls to schools" (34).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The right to education without discrimination is enshrined in the Constitution of Kenya 2010" (24). "Education and Policy 2015 goal: The policy aims at providing every Kenyan, without any discrimination, with basic quality education and training which includes 2 years of pre-primary, 8 yeras of primary and 4 years of secondary/technical education. The policy also seeks to ensure that education and training embrace equity issues, such as equal opportunity for all in access, retention, transition and completion and to eliminate gender and regional disparities at all levels of education by 2015" (24).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Great efforts have been made by Niger, as witness the implementation of the Orientation Law of the Education System in Niger (LOSEN) and the Ten-Year Education Development Programme (PDDE). Significant results have been achieved at the preschool, primary, secondary, and higher education levels and in adult literacy campaigns" (pg 10).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Disappointingly, the animals do not seem to regard the drones as alternative sheepdogs. “They haven’t been terribly obliging – yet,” says Molesworth, who is studying for her PhD in agriculture climate science" (Para 3). Molesworth is an Australian woman getting her PhD which would imply women have the legal right to an education (EJ-Coder Comment).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The legal-normative framework stipulates the equal access of women and men to social assistance, healthcare, education, employment, participation in the public and political life (see CCD, p.190-191)" (pg 7). "Article 6 of the Law on Education confirms the right to education, which is guaranteed, irrespective of nationality, sex, age, social origin and status, political or religious belonging, criminal records. The state ensures equal access to state institutions of secondary, vocational, and higher education, according to student’s skills and capacities" (Pg 25). "According to the national legislation, women and men have equal rights to land ownership, access to insurance programs, medical services, educational programs, creation and participation in agricultural cooperatives, development ...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that article 36 of the Child Law provides for free and compulsory education in government schools until the completion of post-basic education" (11).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Amended Basic Law guarantees the right of every citizen to an education. Education is compulsory through primary school, and schools, educational institutes and public institutions are free of charge. The Education Act (1964) explicitly stipulates gender equality with respect to school enrolment, curricula, examinations and grade levels. This is also the case with regard to the Higher Education Act (1998), which explicitly states that every citizen has the right to higher education" (35). "The Palestinian Child Act (2004) guarantees the right to a free, State school education for every child through secondary school...It prohibits children from dropping out of school" (35). "The Palestinian Prisoners and Ex-prisoners Act (2004) also ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Economic equality between women and men. Women and men are to have the same opportunities and conditions with regard to education and paid work that provide lifelong economic independence" (page 4). "The Discrimination Act entered into force on 1 January 2009 and replaced 7 former laws against discrimination, including the Equal Opportunities Act (1991:433). The purpose of the Discrimination Act is to combat discrimination and in other ways promote equal rights and opportunities regardless of sex, transgender identity or expression, ethnicity, religion or other belief, disability, sexual orientation or age. The Discrimination Act provides more comprehensive protection from discrimination than the previous discrimination legislation. Prohibitions against discrimination apply to the ...more
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The law provided for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under laws related to family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance, as well as employment, credit, pay, owning and/or managing businesses, education, and housing" (15).
Jan. 12, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"During this time period, ultraconservative interpretations of Islamic law meant women faced heavy restrictions on their freedoms, including being banned from...pursuing an education" (para 6). The time period referred to is when the Taliban controlled Kabul and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
Jan. 10, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"'Girls are not allowed to attend school especially after fifth and sixth grades,' said Loqman Hakim Hakimi, head of the education department in Paktia, where some 20 girls' schools have been forced to close this year, referring to areas where the Taliban operate" (para 14).
Jan. 10, 2018, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Afghanistan's education system has made significant gains since the Taliban were ousted by US-led forces in 2001. Before then, girls were excluded from formal education altogether and fewer than one million boys went to school" (para 5). "The Taliban, who banned girls from school during their 1996-2001 rule, now say they do not oppose girls' education" (para 11).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in cases of established employer-employee relations in the public and private sectors and in teacher-student relations.Violators face a maximum three-year prison sentence"(17)
Dec. 7, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The first MP released a statement calling for female university students to undergo mandatory virginity tests and to submit what proves their virginity. He added that this virginity test should be conducted every year as a condition for the female university students to get their university ID. He claims that this procedure will reduce ‘urfi marriage. After few days another MP announces that he is currently working on a draft law calling for female students at the vocational schools to undergo mandatory virginity tests as well, using words that are abusive for all Egyptian families"(para 1-2)
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Pakistan province of Punjab, the largest and wealthiest province of the country, introduced a female school stipend program in 2004"(52)
July 13, 2017, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-3, AFE-LAW-1, AFE-DATA-1

According to Table 1, 76% of Peruvian young men are enrolled in secondary school and 77% of Peruivan young women are enrolled in secondary school (1)
March 10, 2017, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Taiwan passed the Gender Equality in Employment Act in 2002 and the Gender Equality in Education Act in 2004" (para 9).