The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-LAW-1

Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is compulsory, tuition-free, and universal until age 16, but families are required to pay for books, uniforms, and health insurance fees" (24).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for tuition-free and compulsory primary education. It was not, however, compulsory or tuition free, and the government inconsistently provided it across the provinces" (page 41).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Universal education is compulsory until age 12. No child under age 14 may be prevented from attending school" (page 10).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for tuition-free, compulsory, and universal basic education for all children from kindergarten through junior high school. In September the government began phasing in a program to provide tuition-free enrollment in senior high school, beginning with first-year students" (p. 17).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Government policy provides for tuition-free, compulsory primary education for all children up to 16 years of age" (p. 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Although primary education is tuition-free, universal, and compulsory between ages six and 16, parents were required to pay for textbooks, except in some rural areas. Parents often were required to pay tuition for public secondary education" (page 17).
July 21, 2019, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Tanzanian schools routinely expel girls who become pregnant, who are thought to number about 8,000 a year. The practice dates back several decades but has intensified since President John Magufuli took office in 2015. Some schools have imposed compulsory pregnancy tests on girls. The president went a step further in June, announcing that students would not be allowed to return to school after giving birth" (para 4-5).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The government provided free public education to citizen children from primary school through university. Education is compulsory for all children between the ages of six and 12. Noncitizen children could also attend public schools at no cost but required permission from the Ministry of Education" (Pg 47).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the declaration of the President on compulsory education until 16 years of age and the implementation of a national strategy on girls’ education aimed at reaching parity by 2020" (10).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Human rights NGOs and others expressed concern that the law on compulsory education allows some female students to be kept at home and married early" (page 51).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution makes basic primary education free and compulsory nationwide. The 2016 Education Act divides the education system into Basic Education (Early Childhood Development and grades one to eight), which is free and compulsory, and Secondary Education (grades nine to 12), which is free but not compulsory. The government reported that during the 2015-16 school year 96.6 percent of school-age children attended primary schools with gender parity" (Pg 28).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"Although the constitution guarantees free education, most schools were not free, and poverty puts education out of reach for many children. In 2015 the government introduced a nationwide compulsory 12-year school program, but the implementation was inconsistent. The Ministry of Education, representing public and private schools, and the Ministry of Religion for Islamic schools and madrasahs, introduced a new system giving students from low-income families a certain amount of money for their educational needs" (Pg 28).
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for tuition-free compulsory primary education but does not set an age limit. Children were generally expected to complete primary education at age 12. Secondary school students had to pay tuition and other fees in addition to buying uniforms and books. This rendered education unaffordable for many children" (Pg 27).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides that government schools must admit children of any legal status who can speak, read, and write Thai with some degree of proficiency" (page 23). "The 2017 constitution provides that all children receive free “quality education for 12 years, from preschool to the completion of compulsory education,” which is defined as through grade nine. NGOs reported that children of registered migrants, unregistered migrants, refugees, or asylum seekers also had limited access to government schools" (page 30-31).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution and law mandate compulsory, tuition-free education through the secondary level. Under the tuition-free education plan, however, families often must pay fees for books, uniforms, lunch, school fund contributions, and examination fees" (p. 13).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law does not make education compulsory. As a policy primary education was universal and tuition free; however, there were not enough schools to accommodate the country’s youth, particularly in rural areas" (p. 30).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides free education through grade 10 and for subsidies thereafter under the government’s tuition-free policy" (p. 18).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is tuition-free, compulsory, and universal through the secondary level, but students are responsible for paying for books and uniforms. Throughout the country provincial officials charged parents fees for schooling" (p. 35).
July 13, 2019, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Although education is compulsory until age 16 and tuition-free through completion of high school, it often was unavailable after sixth grade in rural areas" (p. 17).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Constitution (Article 65) guarantees equal rights for all citizens to access quality education at all levels. The MoEYS ESP 2014–2018 has two main gender equality policies: a) Ensuring equitable access for all to education services, and 2) Enhancing the quality and relevance of learning" (40).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned about… The lack of access to education of Rohingya women and girls... especially those who are unregistered" (12).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education was free through the secondary level, but compulsory only from preschool through age 15" (page 24).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: AFE-LAW-1, AFE-DATA-1

"The government provided free universal primary education to four children per family as well as universal secondary education, although parents were required to provide lunch and schooling materials for children in secondary school. A 2015 International Center for Research on Women study indicated more than 50 percent of girls between ages 14 and 18 dropped out of school due to poverty and early pregnancy. In 2013 the Ministry of Education and Sports and UNESCO noted nearly 70 percent of pupils enrolled in the first level of primary school in 2006 dropped out by 2013. The ministry reported significantly higher dropout rates for girls than for boys due to early pregnancy...more
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for tuition-free, compulsory education for children between ages six and 16, although many children did not attend school due to lack of resources or available facilities" (page 16).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is free, compulsory, and universal through primary school (six years)" (p. 25).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Tuition-free education is compulsory through primary school (grades one to seven)" (p. 16).
July 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates that primary education shall be compulsory and free. The law requires nine years of compulsory education beginning at six years of age; however, there is no system to enforce attendance, nor is there a system to ensure that the provision of education is free. Language issues and teacher quality hampered the education system. Dropout rates were often very high due to distance, malnutrition, teenage pregnancy, or lack of parental support. While no school fees exist for public schools, students paid for supplies and uniforms. The most recent UN and government statistics available (2010) indicated that approximately 20 to 30 percent of primary school-age children nationwide were not...more
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Free and universal public education is compulsory until age 16 or completion of the ninth grade. The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reported that school attendance generally was good through the primary grades, but girls faced disadvantages, especially in rural school systems where families elected to keep them home after primary grades to take care of siblings or work in agriculture. Families often invested money in their sons’ education rather than that of their daughters so that the boys, with a better education, could provide for them and take care of their parents in old age" (Pg 22).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"School attendance is mandatory through the ninth grade or until the age of 16, whichever occurs first" (page 18).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for tuition-free basic education up to grade eight, but students often had to pay school, uniform, and examination fees to attend. Primary education is neither compulsory nor universal. In Darfur few children outside of cities had access to primary education due to its high cost. In public schools, boys and girls are educated separately in urban areas but often together in rural areas, where resources are more limited" (Pg 67).