The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-LAW-1

Aug. 31, 2020, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

“[Fawzia] Koofi believes that in the years since her win in 2005 to her current campaign, life for women in Afghanistan has improved to a degree. There are statistics and reports that support this. In 2004, girls were formally guaranteed a right to an education under the Afghan constitution” (Para 76). “[Fawzia] Koofi said she fears what will happen if the Taliban regains their political footing as a result of ongoing negotiation with the United States intended to stabilize the country. "You know that [the] Taliban have three conditions -- one of those conditions is women's Islamic rights. I know what that means -- Islamic rights of women. ..." she...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

“Women in that country cannot go to school, cannot vote, go shopping or otherwise engage in the public sphere without the permission of a man” (para 1).
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The current legislative framework in Tajikistan excludes gender segregation in the sphere of education. Under article 16 of the Education Act, basic general education (nine grades) is compulsory for citizens of the Republic of Tajikistan" (19).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Public education is compulsory until age 15 or grade nine" (26).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Law on General Education was adopted on January 19, 2011, the Decree on the Enforcement of the Universal 12-year Compulsory Education promulgated on September, 2012 and the Law on Higher Education adopted on December 14, 2011, legalizing the rights of all children, including girls, to receive 12-year compulsory education free of charge from pre-school through primary, junior, to senior secondary levels, as well as higher education according to their wishes and abilities. The laws and decree also explicitly provide for the obligations of the State, institutions, enterprises, organizations and individuals for the realization of the rights set forth therein" (7). "Women in the DPRK have equal rights with men...more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Organic Law No. 02/2011/OL of 27 July 2011 governing the organization of education, which provides that the education of the citizen shall not be characterized by any form of discrimination" (2).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of five and 16, regardless of their nationality" (31). "The constitution mandates compulsory education, provided free of charge by the government, to all children between the ages of five and 16" (42).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education for citizens is free and compulsory through the primary phase. Noncitizen children, including those born of noncitizen fathers and citizen mothers and refugees, lack this right" (29).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Opportunities for and equal access to education, as well as technical and vocational training, have always been guaranteed by the State. This is reflected in various laws such as: (i) the Constitution of 6 November 2015 (art. 29), (ii) school laws, (iii) specific legislation (Act No. 4/2010 of 14 June 2010 on child protection in the Republic of the Congo 2010; Act No. 5-2011 of 25 February 2011 on the promotion and protection of indigenous peoples; and Act No. 9-92 of 22 April 1992 on the status, protection and advancement of persons with disabilities (current)" (16). "The right to education is guaranteed by law (cf. Constitution of 6 November 2015,...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for universal, compulsory, and tuition-free education from ages six to 15" (31),
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The state implements the Compulsory Education Law of the People’s Republic of China and other relevant laws, regulations and policies, and takes practical measures to improve women’s education. It has implemented a special policy to ensure school-age girls enjoy equal access to compulsory education" (para. 18).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:22 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"To be sure, Khorsand says there have been important advances for Afghan women since 2001 -- including language in the Afghan Constitution that enshrines the right to education and to work" (para. 17).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Constitutional provisions require the government to provide free and compulsory education for all children up to age 15; however, the government did not effectively enforce these provisions" (19).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is tuition-free and compulsory until age 13, although all students are required to pay for textbooks and other materials" (21).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is compulsory, tuition-free, and universal until age 16, but families are required to pay for books, uniforms, and health insurance fees" (24).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for tuition-free and compulsory primary education. It was not, however, compulsory or tuition free, and the government inconsistently provided it across the provinces" (page 41).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Universal education is compulsory until age 12. No child under age 14 may be prevented from attending school" (page 10).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for tuition-free, compulsory, and universal basic education for all children from kindergarten through junior high school. In September the government began phasing in a program to provide tuition-free enrollment in senior high school, beginning with first-year students" (p. 17).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Government policy provides for tuition-free, compulsory primary education for all children up to 16 years of age" (p. 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Although primary education is tuition-free, universal, and compulsory between ages six and 16, parents were required to pay for textbooks, except in some rural areas. Parents often were required to pay tuition for public secondary education" (page 17).
July 21, 2019, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Tanzanian schools routinely expel girls who become pregnant, who are thought to number about 8,000 a year. The practice dates back several decades but has intensified since President John Magufuli took office in 2015. Some schools have imposed compulsory pregnancy tests on girls. The president went a step further in June, announcing that students would not be allowed to return to school after giving birth" (para 4-5).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The government provided free public education to citizen children from primary school through university. Education is compulsory for all children between the ages of six and 12. Noncitizen children could also attend public schools at no cost but required permission from the Ministry of Education" (Pg 47).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the declaration of the President on compulsory education until 16 years of age and the implementation of a national strategy on girls’ education aimed at reaching parity by 2020" (10).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Human rights NGOs and others expressed concern that the law on compulsory education allows some female students to be kept at home and married early" (page 51).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution makes basic primary education free and compulsory nationwide. The 2016 Education Act divides the education system into Basic Education (Early Childhood Development and grades one to eight), which is free and compulsory, and Secondary Education (grades nine to 12), which is free but not compulsory. The government reported that during the 2015-16 school year 96.6 percent of school-age children attended primary schools with gender parity" (Pg 28).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"Although the constitution guarantees free education, most schools were not free, and poverty puts education out of reach for many children. In 2015 the government introduced a nationwide compulsory 12-year school program, but the implementation was inconsistent. The Ministry of Education, representing public and private schools, and the Ministry of Religion for Islamic schools and madrasahs, introduced a new system giving students from low-income families a certain amount of money for their educational needs" (Pg 28).
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for tuition-free compulsory primary education but does not set an age limit. Children were generally expected to complete primary education at age 12. Secondary school students had to pay tuition and other fees in addition to buying uniforms and books. This rendered education unaffordable for many children" (Pg 27).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides that government schools must admit children of any legal status who can speak, read, and write Thai with some degree of proficiency" (page 23). "The 2017 constitution provides that all children receive free “quality education for 12 years, from preschool to the completion of compulsory education,” which is defined as through grade nine. NGOs reported that children of registered migrants, unregistered migrants, refugees, or asylum seekers also had limited access to government schools" (page 30-31).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution and law mandate compulsory, tuition-free education through the secondary level. Under the tuition-free education plan, however, families often must pay fees for books, uniforms, lunch, school fund contributions, and examination fees" (p. 13).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law does not make education compulsory. As a policy primary education was universal and tuition free; however, there were not enough schools to accommodate the country’s youth, particularly in rural areas" (p. 30).