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Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that women and girls continue to choose fields of education that are traditionally female-dominated (only 26.4 per cent of students enrolled in engineering and architecture and 9.8 per cent enrolled in sports studies are women) and that they remain underrepresented in technical and vocational education" (8).
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The greatest disparities in access to education are seen by wealth quintile. Three in 10 women and two in 10 men in the lowest wealth quintile have never been to school. Women with no schooling steadily and abruptly decrease with rising wealth quintiles, reaching fewer than 3% among those in the highest wealth quintile. About half of women and men in the highest wealth quintile attend at least some secondary or higher school" (page 53). "Teenage pregnancy is a major health concern because of its association with higher morbidity and mortality for both the mother and child. Childbearing during the teenage years frequently has adverse social consequences, particularly for educational ...more
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Women continue to be underrepresented in decision-making and senior management positions at all levels of the education system. Similarly, the underrepresentation of professors and rectors at the senior level leaves young girls without role models in this area" (Pg 12).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to improve girls’ access to education by adopting the National Plan for Zero Dropout Rates for 2009-2013. It remains concerned, however, that girls’ school enrolment remains lower than that of boys and that the dropout rate among girls, especially girls from minority groups, at the secondary level of education remains disproportionately high. It also notes with concern the limited access to education for Roma and Egyptian girls and girls with disabilities, as well as children living in rural and remote areas, owing to poor school infrastructure and lack of teachers. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about gender segregation and women’s concentration ...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The following measures have been taken: 1) Coverage by the State of school fees and parents’ association (APE) contributions for all girls enrolled in the first grade in public schools and prohibition of excluding a pupil for non-payment of the above contributions; 2) Adoption in 2012 of the National Strategy for the Acceleration of Girls’ Education (SNAEF), including free education, action against gender-based violence, reduction of dropping out, and non-formal education for adults and adolescents; 3) Reservation of 56 per cent of technical education places and provision of science study grants for girls; 4) Establishment of a special quota of 300 grants exclusively for female students. This has helped to ...more
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"However, it notes that, women nevertheless remain underrepresented in the Federal National Council and in the judiciary and that, while they account for 71.6 per cent of university students, they represent only 15 per cent of faculty members" (pg 8). "The Committee welcomes the achievements of the State party in the field of education and notes with satisfaction the high proportion of women and girls enrolled in public and private universities, while noting at the same time that the data requested by the Committee were received in a form that did not enable it to assess the number of girls who are not enrolled in school. The Committee commends the ...more
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation the high literacy rate among women and the high rates of girls’ enrolment in primary and secondary education" (Pg 8). "[the committee remains concerned with] the persistence of violence, in particular sexual violence and abuse, in schools and school dormitories, which results in a high number of teenage pregnancies. At the practice of removing pregnant girls from school and providing them with alternative forms of education rather than opportunities for reintegration into the formal education system" (Pg 8).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the high literacy rate and the high level of enrolment of women and girls in tertiary education. It also notes that the State party allocates 13 per cent of its national budget to education and that it is planning to increas e the length of compulsory formal education from 9 to 12 years. The Committee is concerned, however, that women and girls continue to choose traditionally female - dominated fields of education and remain underrepresented in technical and vocational education. While noting the continuing review of school curricula and textbooks, the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of some negative stereotypes against women in textbooks and curricula" ...more
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"There needs to be cooperation between NGOs, local governments, and the Ministry of Education to provide greater access to education to the rural areas of Afghanistan. Because security is still a problem in Afghanistan, families are unwilling to send their children far outside their villages to receive education. Even families fortunate enough to have automobile transportation still fear sending their children, particularly their daughters, away from the village to go to school. When educational and higher educational opportunity is concentrated in larger cities, the graduating professionals are generally unwilling to take their degrees and move to rural villages to teach. Afghanistan already has a shortage of female teachers, and getting ...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"There is equality in the following aspects of the educational process: 1) All learners — male and female — are taught the same curricula, without discrimination, at all educational levels from kindergarten and general education to higher education. Furthermore, study plans are the same at intermediate level and part of secondary, although girls are taught a curriculum that includes special subjects, such as family and consumer sciences and home economics. 2) Because of a standardized system of assessment and measurement, which is part of educational policy, the examination system is the same at all levels, without any discrimination or differentiation. Term times, examination times and marking are the same. 3) ...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the significant achievements of the State party in increasing the participation of women and girls at the secondary and tertiary levels of education. The Committee is, however, concerned about the sex segregation of fields of study and the underrepresentation of girls in technology and vocational courses and apprenticeships at the secondary level, as well as in engineering, manufacturing and construction courses in higher education, which results in similar sex segregation of occupations in the labour market and higher unemployment rates for young women in spite of their higher rate of certification compared with employed males. While welcoming Law No. 69/2009, which mandates sexual education as a compulsory ...more
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the fact that the State party is taking steps to ensure equal access to education for girls. The Committee also welcomes the zero-tolerance policy initiated by the Ministry of Education in 2011 against administrative malpractice in the education sector, covering sexual violence, corporal punishment and other forms of violence in schools, but it regrets that it has not been effectively implemented. The Committee is further concerned: (a)That the rate of school dropout among girls remains very high at almost 50 per cent between the primary and secondary levels, owing to early pregnancy, gender-based violence and the lack of adequate sanitation in schools, especially in rural areas; (b) ...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to increase the participation of girls and women in education. The Committee is concerned, however, that, from the primary level, the enrolment and completion rates of girls are lower than those of boys and that girls are often victims of sexual abuse and harassment on the way to and from or at school. It is also concerned about the high dropout rate among girls as a result of early pregnancy, extreme poverty and child labour (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 26) and the practice of expelling pregnant girls from school and the refusal to reintegrate them after delivery. The Committee further notes with ...more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"It is further concerned about the 30 per cent dropout rate owing to teenage pregnancy and the absence of education in sexual and reproductive health and rights within the education system. The Committee notes the measures taken by the State party to address sexual violence against girls in the education system" (8).
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned about: (a) The increasing number of girls who drop out of school, mainly owing to teenage pregnancy and recruitment into the Sande secret society; (b)The widespread abuse of and sexual violence against girls at school by teachers, and when travelling to and from school; (c) The lack of adequate programmes focusing on the re-entry of girls into the education system after giving birth; (d) The lack of clarity with regard to specific programmes aimed at addressing the impact of the Ebola outbreak on girls’ education, in particular with regard to traditional attitudes and negative stereotypes about girls’ education, which have been exacerbated by the outbreak" ...more
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Nowadays, girl mothers are allowed to continue attending school" (13). This implies that girl mothers were not allowed to stay in school previously (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "The Government has commissioned a study on the reasons for school dropouts, whereby the underlying hypothesis is that girls drop out in large numbers due to early pregnancy" (18). "A measure allowing girls who become pregnant during their school years to go back to the school after they give birth" (18). "Making primary education cost-free has helped increase the enrolment of girls" (18).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1, ASR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the revision of the Teenage Pregnancy Policy of 2009 on the prevention and management of pregnancy and the provision of life skills as a subject in schools which, among other things, is focused on the dangers and effects of teenage pregnancy. The Committee is concerned, however, at the high rates of pregnancy that result in girls dropping out of school, in particular in the Kavango and Kunene regions. It is also concerned that girls routinely avoid engineering courses. The Committee is further concerned about the lack of appropriate measures to enforce the law that prohibits corporal punishment and prevent its use in all settings, especially schools. The ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party for achieving gender parity in enrolment in primary education and for setting up a trust fund for girls’ education, but remains concerned about: (a) The lower completion rate of girls at the primary level compared with that of boys, their considerably lower enrolment and retention rates at the secondary and tertiary levels and in vocational education, and the insufficient use of temporary special measures in this regard; (b) Disparities between rural and urban areas in access to education, quality of education and adequacy of school infrastructure, including sanitary facilities; (c) High dropout rates among girls, especially in rural areas, as a result of child ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Child brides are assumed to have completed all the education they will ever need for their upcoming servitude to the male-ruled family […] In fact, a quota system to displace top women candidates and give their spots to men was initiated in 2010, by making seventy additional fields of study forbidden to women," (19).
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee acknowledges that school dropout rates at all levels are lower for females than for males; however, it is concerned that at higher levels of education, 46.7 per cent of young women do not complete their university education. It is also concerned at the dropout rate of girls due to pregnancies and at the lack of disaggregated data by sex, age and ethnicity related to the field of education" (Pg 9). "The inadequate access to health-care services, education and employment opportunities of indigenous and Afro-Colombian women in urban and rural contexts" (Pg 12).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The General Education Act and its 2011 amendments prohibit any kind of discrimination, denial of enrolment or expulsion of girls due to pregnancy" (8). The establishment of a law indicates that pregnant women and girls had faced discrimination in attempting to attend school (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "During the period 2012 and 2013 child labour declined from 191,599 to 187,428 children and adolescents at work. However, when the figures are disaggregated by sex, they show an increase for girls" (37). Child labor would be an obstacle for girls attending school becuase if they are working every day they would have no time to attend school (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Under Erdogan, Turkey has lifted bans on Islamic-style headscarves that barred devout women from attending university, entering the civil service and serving in the military" (para 19).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, ASR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the allocation of a large part of the State budget to education, the many measures taken to increase access to education for women and girls and the issuance of policy letter No. 004379 of 11 October 2007 by the Ministry of Education authorizing girls to continue their education after giving birth. The Committee remains concerned, however, about: (a) The low enrolment rates of girls at the secondary and tertiary levels of education and the high dropout rates of girls at all levels of education owing to, among other things, early marriage, unequal share of domestic responsibilities, preference given by parents for their sons’ education, and teenage pregnancy; ...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, about...(b) The continued low enrolment rate of girls, at all levels of education, owing to stereotypes and cultural barriers regarding access by women and girls to education; (c) The high dropout rate among girls, owing, inter alia, to child marriage and early pregnancy, and the lack of measures to support and encourage pregnant girls to stay in school" (11). "The Committee is concerned, however, about...The lack of security for girls in schools and, in particular, the risk of sexual harassment and abuse by teachers" (11).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, ASR-PRACTICE-1

"While welcoming the introduction of free primary education and the high enrolment rate of girls in school, the Committee is concerned about the indirect costs of primary education. The Committee is also concerned that girls make stereotypical choices of subjects and courses, often avoiding science courses. The Committee is further concerned about the: (a) Increasing number of girls who drop out of school, mainly as a result of teenage pregnancy; (b) Widespread cases of abuse of and sexual violence against girls in schools by teachers and when travelling to and from school; (c) Limited provision of age-appropriate sexual and reproductive health and rights education in schools owing to cultural resistance ...more
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Under Saudi Arabia's guardianship system, women are required to present proof of permission from a male 'guardian' - normally the husband, father or brother - to do any government paperwork, travel or enrol in classes" (para 11).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In 1959-1960, the budget for girls’ education totalled only 2 million riyals (US$ 533,000). By contrast, the Ninth Development Plan allocates 59.66 per cent of the education budget for girls’ education compared to 40.34 per cent for boys’ education" (35). "In 2013, girls’ and boys’ schools accounted for 53.5 per cent and 46.5 per cent respectively of all schools in the Kingdom" (35). This statement indicates that schools are segregated by gender (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "Academic departments in universities for females have continued to expand, offering 21 subject areas, including new specialties such as engineering, journalism, law and agriculture" (36). This statement indicates that universities are segregated by gender ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The LDGNNA highlights the right to education for girls, boys and adolescents; this guarantee is the responsibility of the three branches of government which must guarantee: access and retention of pregnant girls and adolescents, affirmative action for enrollment, retention and re-enrollment, eliminate obstacles to access, provide educational opportunities, establish positive measures for girls and adolescents from vulnerable groups who live in regions of lagging education or deal with disadvantageous economic or social conditions" (page 19-20). "The National Scholarship Program (PNB) incorporates in its framework PEG, human rights and eradication of violence; offers scholarships to NNA and youth, especially in rural or distant areas, with high levels of marginalization and/or social ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Children of parents employed in the plantation sector (persons of Indian origin who were brought into Sri Lanka, then Ceylon, during colonial rule to work in tea plantation) who have had a long history of educational disadvantage, now have a high participation rate of 95 per cent in primary education. In the conflict affected North and Eastern provinces, schools have been re-opened since the conclusion of the conflict in 2009 and children including former child combatants recruited by the terrorist group (LTTE) are attending school. The rehabilitation process to increase facilities is ongoing. Female ex-child combatants whose education was disrupted by the LTTE have sat for both General Certificate of ...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In order to meet policy objectives, especially those related to equity and equality in education, the Government supports affirmative action in provision of education at all levels. This comprises: providing support to poor and disadvantaged students through secondary school bursaries, providing support to targeted boarding schools in arid and semi-arid areas and other deserving areas, especially for girls, ensuring the re-entry of girls who drop out of school due to pregnancy and early/forced marriages" (14). Pregnancy and early/forced marriages appear to be barriers to girls getting an education (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "The Government has set aside funds to provide sanitary towels for girls in poor and marginalized areas as the lack ...more