The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Over 5 million primary-school-age children are out of school, most of them girls, for reasons including lack of schools in their areas, child marriage, and gender discrimination" (para 20).
Sept. 28, 2020, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Most were prevented from attending school while menstruating and all had severe restrictions on what they could eat, and whom they could touch and even gaze upon" (para 2).
Sept. 21, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Under Taliban rule, Afghan women and girls suffered shocking rights violations, including denial of education and freedom of movement. Today, the armed group’s views on women have moderated slightly but remain highly repressive. For example, the Taliban now call for ‘education for all’ but in areas currently under their control they generally prevent girls from studying beyond puberty" (1). "Afghan government and international donor efforts since 2001 to educate girls have significantly faltered in recent years. An estimated two-thirds of Afghan girls do not attend school.3F As security in the country worsens and international donors disengage from Afghanistan, progress made toward getting girls into school has stalled. Under Afghan law,...more
Sept. 20, 2020, 7:10 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Although a resource-rich country, almost 40 percent of its population lives in poverty, which, together with…barriers to education…stunts PNG's progress" (para 1).
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In November 2018, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women recommended that Nepal endorse the Safe Schools Declaration, an international commitment to protect education during armed conflict. At time of writing, it had yet to do so" (para 16).
Sept. 2, 2020, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"For the last 59 years, Tanzania has had a discriminatory ban that denies pregnant school girls their right to education. This ban does not take into account the jarring realities that often lead to the pregnancies in the first place. In the past 4 years this ban has been aggravated and reinforced by various political pronouncements. It prohibits girls from accessing education, not just for the duration of their pregnancy but even after. Considering that these girls may first be survivors of sexual violence or sexual exploitation, this ban is not only unjust but a double violation of their rights" (para 1-2). "More than 55,000 schools girls in Tanzania have...more
Aug. 31, 2020, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"[Fawzia] Koofi laughs as she recalls how she was determined to go to her English classes when she was a girl, before the Taliban took control and prohibited girls from getting an education” (Para 49). “[Fawzia Koofi’s] brothers taunted her unrelentingly. Girls weren't supposed to learn, they said. And her mother was scared she would get hurt. “She would tell me, 'If this English class makes you president, I don't want you to be president, I want you to be alive'”” (Para 53). “[Fawzia] Koofi said she fears what will happen if the Taliban regains their political footing as a result of ongoing negotiation with the United States intended to...more
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Right to education of the Yazidis women is often violated. Representatives of non-governmental organization National Union of Yezidis 'Sinjar' Zemfira Kalashyan and Boris Murazi point out that the majority of the Yazidi women do not even graduate from school" (para 16). "In many cases the negligence of government agencies also lead to the infringement of the right to education by the Yazidis women. In the Yazidis villages, many parents do not allow their daughters going to school from 5th or 6th grades. The Ministry of Education and Science of Armenia never tried to explain to the parents that they violate the law and the rights of their children, and that...more
Aug. 30, 2020, 5:04 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Armed separatists have used schools as bases, deploying fighters and weapons and holding people hostage in and near them" (para 18).
Aug. 26, 2020, 2:49 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“Prime minister [of New Zealand] Jacinda Ardern said sanitary supplies for a monthly period were not a luxury, but a necessity and too many girls were skipping school because they weren’t able to afford pads and tampons. Schools in deprived areas also reported girls being forced to use toilet paper, newspaper and rags in an attempt to manage their period…‘We know that nearly 95,000 nine-to-18-year-olds may stay at home during their periods due to not being able to afford period products,’ Ardern said. ‘By making them freely available, we support these young people to continue learning at school’…Julie Anne Genter, the minister for women, said the cost of sanitary products...more
Aug. 24, 2020, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Having access to education is still one of the main issues for LB women, especially lesbian women that are not feminine and can be perceived as breaking the gender norms. The struggle to continue studies is not only bound by school norms that dictates gender expression, but also by family imposition due to the lack of financial support. Many lesbians give up studying because they are not well accepted in school and cannot pay for their own school when family decides to stop supporting financially when found their sexual orientation" (4).
Aug. 13, 2020, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The research also shows that not only is violence against girls and women widespread, it also limits participation and infringes the right to education. In Delhi one 14-year-old girl noted: 'Because this happens to me, my mother took me and my sister out of school,” while another commented: “My mother and father, observing the bad environment, tried to put an end to my education but my elder sister intervened and sided by me, and helped me to continue my studies.'" (9).
Aug. 13, 2020, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In Lima, 33 participants stopped attending school, work or college because of their experience of abuse and harassment. 'Almost every day I met different men who said: 'Hello.' All over 40. And me wearing my school uniform.' -GIRL, 14, LIMA" (10).
Aug. 13, 2020, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"There has been some significant progress in the rights of Mozambican women and girls. In December 2018, the Mozambican Ministry of Education revoked a 2003 decree banning pregnant girls and adolescent mothers from attending day classes and ordered them to only attend night classes" (para. 11).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-3

“In India, being female is a risk factor: the sword of patriarchy, socio-economic deprivation, rape, sexual violence, harassment and domestic violence looms large over her head. For many girls, these are huge barriers to education. Families that are poor have to make a choice between educating their sons and their daughters. Blindly, they choose to educate their sons, and that doesn’t take them further. The part of the narrative of socio-economic growth that they do not realize is that educating a girl is the equivalent of educating the family” (para 4).
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“Women in that country cannot go to school, cannot vote, go shopping or otherwise engage in the public sphere without the permission of a man. Simple tasks like buying a cell phone, registering children for school, applying for a job, getting a bank account, are all hugely complicated and require asking men for permission, time, money and help” (para 1).
Aug. 9, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In 2017, President Magufuli banned pregnant girls and young mothers from attending school. Police have arrested pregnant schoolgirls and their families to force them to reveal the identity of the men or boys who had impregnated them while schools have subjected girls to forced pregnancy tests. In June [2019], Tanzanian civil society organizations filed a complaint before the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, seeking to have this policy annulled. Following discussions between the government and the World Bank on a loan for secondary education, the government committed to finding ways for pregnant girls to return to school" (para. 16).
Aug. 8, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"From January 2014 until June 2018, Ecuador's Ministry of Education received 4,111 complaints of sexual violence against students; 1,837 were school-related. It also reopened 734 complaints that had been archived or suspended by the ministry" (para 22).
July 14, 2020, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"She tried to get a job but was always rejected because of her looks. 'When I got rejected by employers I decided to go to college for higher studies,' she said. 'I went to three or four colleges but again got rejected. They told me that my presence could affect their college's reputation'" (22-24). Her face was disfigured after she suffered an acid attack (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
July 13, 2020, 11:31 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Men still outnumber women in the universities, but the number of women enrolled has risen steadily. In an attempt to help redress the balance, a women-only university was set up in Chittagong in 2008. Kamal Ahmad, a Bangladeshi who has worked in development organizations and as a lawyer in the United States and Britain, spent years raising donations and lobbying the government for land for the school, known as the Asian University for Women. The goal, he said, is to create women leaders capable of bringing about change across Asia. The first class is expected to graduate next year, and many of the students — who come from 12 countries...more
July 10, 2020, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The temporary lipstick ban was the latest controversy surrounding schools and universities in Pakistan, where some institutions have attempted to segregate female students" (para 14).
July 2, 2020, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Emirati women today are much better off, she adds, because many of them are now able to go to school and work, which enables financial independence" (para 4).
June 28, 2020, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Sierra Leone has lifted an internationally criticised ban that prohibited pregnant schoolgirls from attending school and sitting exams, in a move heralded by activists as a 'victory for feminism' in the west African nation" (para 1). "The decision, announced on Monday, follows a judgement last December by a top regional court that ordered the immediate overturn of the ban, which effectively barred tens of thousands of girls the right to finish their education. The Economic Community of West African States court instructed Sierra Leone to establish nationwide programmes to help pregnant girls return to school" (para 2). "'Overturning the ban is the first step in building a radically inclusive Sierra...more
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"A list of types of work with hazardous or dangerous working conditions in which the employment of persons under the age of 18 is prohibited, and limits for the manual lifting and movement of loads, were approved by Government decision of 4 March 2014. Under a Government decision of 31 October 2014, a national programme for the elimination of the worst forms of child labour in the Republic Tajikistan for the period 2015–2020 was adopted. It is expected that as a result, measures will be implemented to facilitate access by children to high-quality compulsory general education and develop non-formal education programmes and vocational training programmes, as well as measures to...more
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that women and girls and men and boys are represented equally at the different levels of education. The Committee is, however, concerned abput: (…) (d) Discrimination faced by Russian-speaking minorities and girls with disabilities in access to education." (8).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Simplified procedures for enrolment in primary school and increased inclusion of Roma pupils in primary education: Pursuant to the LBEES, children from vulnerable groups can be enrolled in school without providing evidence of their parents’ permanent residence address and without providing the required documentation. Due to the specific conditions in which they live, children from vulnerable groups may enrol in schools even after the statutory enrolment period. If a child older than seven and a half years is not enrolled in first grade because of a disease or due to other reasons, he/she may enrol in the first grade or another appropriate grade on the basis of a prior knowledge...more
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Public education is compulsory until age 15 or grade nine. Public education was fee-based and not fully subsidized by the government. Nevertheless, the law provides that schools may not refuse admission to children due to a lack of funds; disadvantaged children, who were mainly black, were eligible for assistance. Even when children qualified for fee exemptions, low- income parents had difficulty paying for uniforms and supplies" (26).
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Overall, 32% of females and 24% of males age 6 and over have never attended school. However, this statistic masks enormous differences by age group. For example, the proportion of women with no education decreases from 70% of those age 65 and over to 11% among those age 15-19. Similarly, among all females age 6 and over, only 15% have attended secondary school or more; however, among women age 20-24, 38% have some secondary schooling or have gone on to higher education. Educational attainment tends to be greater among those in urban areas, especially in the National Capital District, and among those in the higher wealth quintiles (Table 2.14.1 and...more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"All institutions, enterprises and organizations were required to find out about prejudices and discrimination against women in their respective units using the Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women as criteria, to interview women about their views on their situation and to take appropriate measures. For instance, the Education Commission identified and corrected biased attitudes towards women in the areas of gender ratio in university admission, textbook edition and lecturers’ favouritism towards male students, while prosecution and people’s security institutions identified the negative tendency of assigning only small tasks to women officials and promoted them to more important posts" (11). "The universal 11-year compulsory education system...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Education (MINEDUC) has eight educational policies: five general policies to address the basic dimensions of educational reform in the classroom and three cross-cutting policies intended to lend comprehensive support to that reform effort, including mechanisms to assist low-income families with food programmes for the children as a way of helping them to improve their performance at school and keep them enrolled" (25). "As regards measures taken to guarantee a cost-free education, Government Decision No. 226-2008 and Ministerial Decision No. 381-2010 ban public educational establishments at the pre-primary, primary and middle school levels from charging for and selling uniforms, textbooks and other materials. To enforce those rulings, departmental...more