The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

July 2, 2020, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Emirati women today are much better off, she adds, because many of them are now able to go to school and work, which enables financial independence" (para 4).
June 28, 2020, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Sierra Leone has lifted an internationally criticised ban that prohibited pregnant schoolgirls from attending school and sitting exams, in a move heralded by activists as a 'victory for feminism' in the west African nation" (para 1). "The decision, announced on Monday, follows a judgement last December by a top regional court that ordered the immediate overturn of the ban, which effectively barred tens of thousands of girls the right to finish their education. The Economic Community of West African States court instructed Sierra Leone to establish nationwide programmes to help pregnant girls return to school" (para 2). "'Overturning the ban is the first step in building a radically inclusive Sierra...more
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"A list of types of work with hazardous or dangerous working conditions in which the employment of persons under the age of 18 is prohibited, and limits for the manual lifting and movement of loads, were approved by Government decision of 4 March 2014. Under a Government decision of 31 October 2014, a national programme for the elimination of the worst forms of child labour in the Republic Tajikistan for the period 2015–2020 was adopted. It is expected that as a result, measures will be implemented to facilitate access by children to high-quality compulsory general education and develop non-formal education programmes and vocational training programmes, as well as measures to...more
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that women and girls and men and boys are represented equally at the different levels of education. The Committee is, however, concerned abput: (…) (d) Discrimination faced by Russian-speaking minorities and girls with disabilities in access to education." (8).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Simplified procedures for enrolment in primary school and increased inclusion of Roma pupils in primary education: Pursuant to the LBEES, children from vulnerable groups can be enrolled in school without providing evidence of their parents’ permanent residence address and without providing the required documentation. Due to the specific conditions in which they live, children from vulnerable groups may enrol in schools even after the statutory enrolment period. If a child older than seven and a half years is not enrolled in first grade because of a disease or due to other reasons, he/she may enrol in the first grade or another appropriate grade on the basis of a prior knowledge...more
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Public education is compulsory until age 15 or grade nine. Public education was fee-based and not fully subsidized by the government. Nevertheless, the law provides that schools may not refuse admission to children due to a lack of funds; disadvantaged children, who were mainly black, were eligible for assistance. Even when children qualified for fee exemptions, low- income parents had difficulty paying for uniforms and supplies" (26).
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Overall, 32% of females and 24% of males age 6 and over have never attended school. However, this statistic masks enormous differences by age group. For example, the proportion of women with no education decreases from 70% of those age 65 and over to 11% among those age 15-19. Similarly, among all females age 6 and over, only 15% have attended secondary school or more; however, among women age 20-24, 38% have some secondary schooling or have gone on to higher education. Educational attainment tends to be greater among those in urban areas, especially in the National Capital District, and among those in the higher wealth quintiles (Table 2.14.1 and...more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"All institutions, enterprises and organizations were required to find out about prejudices and discrimination against women in their respective units using the Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women as criteria, to interview women about their views on their situation and to take appropriate measures. For instance, the Education Commission identified and corrected biased attitudes towards women in the areas of gender ratio in university admission, textbook edition and lecturers’ favouritism towards male students, while prosecution and people’s security institutions identified the negative tendency of assigning only small tasks to women officials and promoted them to more important posts" (11). "The universal 11-year compulsory education system...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Education (MINEDUC) has eight educational policies: five general policies to address the basic dimensions of educational reform in the classroom and three cross-cutting policies intended to lend comprehensive support to that reform effort, including mechanisms to assist low-income families with food programmes for the children as a way of helping them to improve their performance at school and keep them enrolled" (25). "As regards measures taken to guarantee a cost-free education, Government Decision No. 226-2008 and Ministerial Decision No. 381-2010 ban public educational establishments at the pre-primary, primary and middle school levels from charging for and selling uniforms, textbooks and other materials. To enforce those rulings, departmental...more
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"10% of all women who have experienced physical violence mentioned a teacher as the perpetrator, including 17% of never-married women" (430).
May 7, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'It was a combination of dropouts, early marriage and religious misinterpretations,' explained Ammani, who proposed creating a female education board to help remedy the problem. 'We asked all the local emirs and found the main problem was that parents didn't want girls who had hit puberty to be in co-ed schools.'" (para 17).
April 30, 2020, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"However, tensions over the headscarf still exist. Manouba University, which is known to be left-wing, is currently debating whether to allow students to enter the campus and take exams wearing the niqab. Last month one of its professors was cleared of the charge of assaulting two students wearing the niqab" (para 14).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law requires provision of tuition-free, compulsory, and universal basic education for every child of primary and junior secondary school age. According to the constitution, women and girls are supposed to receive career and vocational guidance at all levels, as well as access to quality education, education advancement, and lifelong learning. Despite these provisions, extensive discrimination and impediments to female participation in education persisted, particularly in the North." (35). "The lowest attendance rates were in the North, where rates for boys and girls were approximately 45 percent and 35 percent, respectively. According to UNICEF, in the North, for every 10 girls in school, more than 22 boys attended. Approximately 25...more
April 20, 2020, 4:09 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Growing up in a village in north-eastern Tunisia, Ahlam Ben Ahmad had to walk up to 4km to reach a hospital, buy food or attend school. She often got sick from the long journey, and dropped out of school two years before graduation because of her long commute. 'I woke up at 5am every day, carried my sick brother on my back and walked to school to reach it by seven,' she says. 'But I still carried my brother there every day because at least one of us nine had to finish school.'" (para. 1-2).
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"A gender parity index (GPI) of 1 indicates parity or equality between school participation ratios. A GPI lower than 1 indicates a gender disparity in favour of males, with a higher proportion of males than females attending that level of schooling. A GPI higher than 1 indicates a gender disparity in favour of females. The GPI for NAR is 0.90 at the primary school, indicating that more boys are attending school than girls; however, the GPI for NAR is 0.89 at the middle/secondary school level, indicating that girls are dropping out" (16). "The 2017-18 PDHS asked the reason for dropping out of school for de facto households members age 5-24....more
April 9, 2020, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"When Mariam told a teacher at Universal she didn't understand the classwork, 'She ended up writing a disciplinary referral.' Mariam says the teacher misunderstood her request for help as an act of disrespect. She took her concerns to the school's administration, Mariam says, but it didn't make a difference" (para 42). This suggests that Yemeni-American students face significant barriers to educational success and access (RAO-CODER COMMENT).
April 9, 2020, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Adeeb Mozip, an education researcher, Director of Business Affairs at WSU Law and Vice President of the National Board of the American Association of Yemeni Students and Professionals, thinks that Yemeni-Americans have subjected themselves to 'structural abuse in schools' because of their struggle to assimilate, and because they're 'not equipped to speak out against it'" (para 36).
April 9, 2020, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"I heard that same feeling of hopelessness in the other girls and boys I interviewed, none of whom were willing to be quoted. Girls and boys alike complain about the poor quality K-12 education they receive and the daunting obstacles to continuing it after high school. Many see few options outside becoming housewives or gas station workers" (para 21).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that the number of girls enrolled in primary and secondary schools has increased in the State party. It also welcomes the campaigns for raising the awareness of boys about menstruation. It notes with concern, however, that: (a) Girls’ rate of transition to the next level of education remains lower than that of boys, which may be attributed to the high number of early pregnancies, insufficient sanitation facilities for girls and discriminatory stereotyped attitudes on the education of women and girls; (b) Notwithstanding the introduction of lower pass marks for girls, boys continue to perform better at school, partly because of girls’ unequal burden of household...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The TTP particularly targeted girls’ schools to demonstrate its opposition to girls’ education but also destroyed boys’ schools" (21). "For older students, particularly girls in refugee villages, access to education remained difficult" (32). "The constitution mandates compulsory education, provided free of charge by the government, to all children between the ages of five and 16. Despite this provision, government schools often charged parents for books, uniforms, and other materials" (42).
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Childbearing during adolescence is known to have adverse social consequences, particularly regarding educational attainment, as women who become mothers in their teens are more likely to drop out of school" (71).
March 24, 2020, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Early marriage deprives girls of education and opportunities and increases the risk of death or serious childbirth injuries if they have babies before their bodies are ready" (para 9).
March 24, 2020, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The girl who said she was raped in the fields at 13 said she had to drop out of school to take care of her child. She wants the soldier to go to prison and to provide money for the baby’s care. But she said she was not sure she would ever get justice" (para 31).
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"High illiteracy rates among women and low enrolment at the secondary level coupled with high dropout rates continue to be prevalent. The fear of crimes, lack of security, lack of female teachers in the villages and rural areas are major contributing factors. Most of the primary, secondary/high schools for girls are located far from the villages. The fear of girls being in an accident or victimized in a sexual assault has caused families to deter girls from going to school when they reach the age of 12 or 13. " (12).
March 7, 2020, 6:39 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MABFC-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Early marriages result in early pregancies, which compromises the girls’ future as many do not go to school once they are of marriageable age. Medical sources indicate that 40 percent of young brides fall pregnant a few months after marriage" (para 9).
March 4, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"...a lack of trained female teachers and a lack of all-girls schools (which are important since some families refuse to allow girls to attend schools where boys are also present). In addition, there is a concern that, with growing insecurity and Taliban control, girls may lose the educational gains attained during the past decade." (8). "In a country where a third of girls marry before age 18, child marriage forces many girls out of education. Under Afghan law, the minimum age of marriage for girls is 16, or 15 with the permission of the girl’s father or a judge. In practice, the law is rarely enforced, so even earlier marriages...more
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Over the years, the Italian Government has taken considerable measures, to ensure effective equal opportunities in access to education and training for women and girls, such as: refreshing the school personnel on the issues of gender and equal opportunities, which has for several years been part of the National Plan of training courses for teachers; promoting the specific role that teachers play with regard to gender and equal opportunities; supporting innovative strategies in secondary and high schools to orientate a greater number of female students towards business, as well as scientific and technological subjects; providing lifelong learning for adult women, etc.. Italy has also promoted a project on a Code...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Children of Palestinian refugees faced discrimination in birth registration, and many had to leave school at an early age to earn an income" (22) Include both male and female children (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 8, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The net attendance ratio declines sharply from 88% in primary school to 77% in secondary school. Girls and boys are about equally likely to attend primary and secondary school" (11). "The gender parity index (GPI) for the GAR at the primary school level is 0.95, indicating that in primary school there are slightly more male students than female students. However, at the secondary school level, the GPI for the GAR is 1.01, indicating that there is little disparity in secondary school attendance between boys and girls" (17).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law guarantees pregnant girls the ability to continue their studies and resume them after childbirth" (17). "In principle, there is no law in the Congo that discriminates against children with disabilities in education. Several of them have been educated in mainstream schools and others in special schools for the blind and deaf. In general, the national education system has not yet developed specialized structures for all types of disabilities" (17). "To accelerate changes in attitudes at all levels of society, the Ministry of Basic and Secondary Education and Literacy (MEPSA), through the National Institute for Educational Research and Action (INRAP), is continuing the work begun in 2008 with UNFPA...more