The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 7, 2021, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“The rate of children dropping out of school is higher [and] more young women have left for Thailand to work… Forty-nine of the 60 women have taken their children out of school since the project started” (pp. 6-8)
Jan. 7, 2021, 6:05 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“These schools were unfairly branded as enemies of the state,” Mr. Erdogan said, referring to a 1997 law that closed all imam hatip middle schools and made it extremely hard for graduates of the schools to enroll in higher education” (para. 13) This can include women looking for higher education -RZ CODER COMMENT.
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Austrian lawmakers have approved plans to ban girls in primary schools from wearing headscarves, a move that would add to existing restrictions on veils...The parties who proposed it openly admitted that the measure is 'specifically targeted at Muslim girls'" (para 1, 4).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"For daughters are sadly seen as a short-term investment for poor, rural households - cash cows that can boost a family's financial position at the expense of a girl's schooling and wellbeing" (para 8). "'It was Sukuma tradition that forced me to have Grace married when she finished primary school,' says Kurwa" (para 86).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of child marriage creates numerous problems for society, according to SSO.... Wives typically aren't allowed to attend school and have little hope of earning money to support their families, perpetuating poverty" (para 7). "Clean water is also a major issue—many citizens, usually women and children, must walk five or more miles in search of drinking water. The task often keeps children, particularly girls, out of school" (para 11).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'The new amendment will push millions of innocent children into forced labour and deprive them of education and a normal childhood,' Rakesh Slenger of Bachpan Bachao Andolan told IPS. 'The girl child will be particularly disadvantaged as she will be denied education while being stuck with all the household work'” (para 9).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Many are fleeing persecution and violence that has left up to 280 people dead and forced another 140,000 from their homes in western Rakhine state. They are living under apartheid-like conditions in dusty, crowded camps, with little access to education or adequate medical care. They also have little freedom of movement, having to pay hefty bribes if they want to pass police barricades, even for emergencies" (para 5).
Jan. 1, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“Who are these women [attending community colleges]? About a quarter of them are mothers, and many have significant work, family, and caregiving responsibilities. Many of these women have limited financial resources and/or are academically underprepared. For these reasons, they are attracted to the flexible schedules, low cost, and open-door admissions of community colleges” (2). “Community colleges present an attractive option for mothers of young children, in part because they offer flexible schedules and low tuition. Unfortunately, limited access to child care disrupts the educational path of many mothers. Although more mothers enroll in community colleges than in four-year institutions, fewer than half of all community college offer on-campus child care,...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Government will fund free sanitary products in schools to tackle period poverty, Philip Hammond announced today. Mr Hammond said 'some girls are missing school' because they can't afford to buy them" (para 1-2). "Mr Hammond said: 'In response to rising concern by headteachers that some girls are missing school attendance due to inability to afford sanitary products, I have decided to fund the provision of free sanitary products in secondary schools and colleges in England from the next school year'" (para 5).
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Samaneh is one of about one million undocumented children born to Iranian mothers and non-Iranian fathers who have had many challenges in accessing education, medical and other services because they were not recognized as Iranian nationals" (para 3).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Afghanistan have made substantial gains in employment, education, and legal protections since the fall of the hard-line Taliban regime nearly two decades ago" (para 9). This indicates that there were restrictions to education under the Taliban (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Many parents of pregnant girls, or the girls themselves, decide to quit schooling due to the pregnancy, and schools do not always do enough to encourage them to stay" (para 3). "'In circumstances where the pregnancy was a result of kids of the same age, the boy would not be necessarily expelled from school,' she said. 'It was also a double tragedy for the girl … as in most circumstances, it was not a consensual sex but some sort of abuse by some predator older than her. So, she has been traumatised and raped then she is further traumatised by being kicked out of school'" (para 8-9). "Pregnancy is just...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"For now Zakura - first filmed when she was five - is attending at Arafat’s insistence a UN school in Jericho city to which she travels daily from her desert home in Wadi Kelt" (para 7). This displays that there are UN schools available to Bedouin families even in deserts (CAT - CODER COMMENT). "'When we asked her what she wants to be when she’s older, she confidently said a doctor,' said Vdovin. 'For now this sounds unreal, because a medical education is among the most expensive in Israel and Palestine - but this is her dream'" (para 8-9). A high cost of education can be a deterrent to education...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Pakistan education authorities have reversed a decision making it compulsory for female students in two major northwestern cities to wear veils, one day after the move sparked a rights outcry on social media. District education officials in Peshawar, the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Haripur, another city in the conservative province, had announced that girls must cover themselves fully 'to protect them from any unethical accident'. But the directive, first announced last week, triggered a nationwide backlash, as social media users and activists condemned the move as yet another curb on women's rights in a deeply misogynistic country" (para 1).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The girls at the school near us have been poisoned. We are afraid to go inside the buildings as our water or classes may have been contaminated as well" (para 2). "[T]he Taliban have been distributing letters around the town and warning families against sending their daughters to school" (para 4). "In Takhar, Balkh, Herat, Ghazni and many other provinces in Afghanistan, girls’ school have been closed down temporarily or even permanently after students claimed to be poisoned, but near to nothing has been done to address the concerns of the students and their families" (para 6). "The Ministry of Education has claimed that either mass hysteria or unclean classrooms...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The recent media interest in MOOCs, massive open online courses, has shed some light on the situation of Saudi females seeking flexible and culturally acceptable working conditions" (para 8).
Dec. 23, 2020, 9:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Madina is 35 and a mother of seven children. She regrets that she cannot read nor write" (para 1). "Today I am very disappointed that I cannot read and write, and this happened to me because the Taliban closed our schools and insecurity deprived me from going to school. Now we feel the same insecurity and I cannot go out without having my husband accompany me. I fear that a suicide attack could happen and if I am a female out by myself, who would help me? Someone from my family should be with me" (para 5). "I hope the new president will think about women’s rights and consider women...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Extensive gender gaps exist in education; nutrition, health care and employment" (para 5). "Girls are consciously given lesser educational, employment and food resources" (para 22). "Women’s economic contribution is constrained by lesser investment in their education and skill building along with mobility restrictions" (para 33). "Having inferior status, women are compelled to follow the socially constructed model that disempowers them into surrendering their own abilities to take decisions; forces them to abide by the pre-established norms that restrict mobility, controls their social interactions and limits access to education and information; pushes them into early marriage and violence; and excludes them from the larger society of which they are a significant...more
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Bahrain are amongst the most liberally educated in the MENA region…and are active in tertiary education" (3).
Dec. 5, 2020, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“Parts of Afghan society operate under a strict code of ‘honour’ that gives women little or no say in matters such as who they can marry and whether they can get an education” (para 9). “During their rule in the late 1990s, the Taliban banned women from working and going to school, and ordered them to be fully covered when leaving their homes” (para 13).
Nov. 24, 2020, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“‘Low levels of education are also described as ‘both a cause and a consequence’ of child marriage,’ it says” (para 16).
Nov. 11, 2020, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the continued application of the discriminatory provisions contained in the State party’s Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement of walis (guardians) for women for the marriage notwithstanding the woman’s consent, and the restrictions on women’s right to work and to divorce. The Committee is further concerned that early marriage remains lawful and, that girls can marry in exceptional cases at the age of 15 years, which, among other things leads to girls dropping out of school. The Committee is also concerned about the persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance, both as daughters and as widows" (Article 49).more
Oct. 30, 2020, 12:32 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, DMW-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee continues to be seriously concerned about patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in all spheres of life and the State party’s limited efforts to tackle such discriminatory practices. The Committee is concerned that such customs and practices perpetuate discrimination against women and girls and that they are reflected in women’s disadvantaged and unequal status in many areas, including education, public life and decision-making, as well as in the persistence of violence against women. It is also concerned that, to date, the State party has not taken sustained measures to modify or eliminate stereotypes and negative traditional values and practices" (Article...more
Oct. 23, 2020, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that such customs and practices perpetuate discrimination against women and girls; that this is reflected in their disadvantageous and unequal status in many areas, including in education, public life, decision-making, marriage and family relations, and the persistence of harmful traditional practices and violence against women; and that, thus far, the State party has not taken effective and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and negative traditional values and practices" (Article 21).
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Moreover, girls with disabilities are consistently more likely to be kept out of school than boys. (…) Rates of girls with disabilities who are engaged in sports, attend school, and access health care are considerably lower in rural areas" (16). "Access to education is one of the crucial issues for Yezidi women who live in Armenia. A lot of Yezidi girls continue to stay illiterate. This situation continues especially because of the propaganda being carried out by some of the leaders of the older generation. Some Yezidis think that those girls who have graduated from school and study at higher educational institutions are immoral and will not be able to...more
Oct. 21, 2020, 1:52 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned about traditional attitudes in some parts of the country, which may contribute to the low levels of education of women and girls" (Article 25).
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Over 5 million primary-school-age children are out of school, most of them girls, for reasons including lack of schools in their areas, child marriage, and gender discrimination" (para 20).
Sept. 28, 2020, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Most were prevented from attending school while menstruating and all had severe restrictions on what they could eat, and whom they could touch and even gaze upon" (para 2).
Sept. 21, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Under Taliban rule, Afghan women and girls suffered shocking rights violations, including denial of education and freedom of movement. Today, the armed group’s views on women have moderated slightly but remain highly repressive. For example, the Taliban now call for ‘education for all’ but in areas currently under their control they generally prevent girls from studying beyond puberty" (1). "Afghan government and international donor efforts since 2001 to educate girls have significantly faltered in recent years. An estimated two-thirds of Afghan girls do not attend school.3F As security in the country worsens and international donors disengage from Afghanistan, progress made toward getting girls into school has stalled. Under Afghan law,...more
Sept. 20, 2020, 7:10 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Although a resource-rich country, almost 40 percent of its population lives in poverty, which, together with…barriers to education…stunts PNG's progress" (para 1).