The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law does not prohibit sexual harassment, which routinely occurred, including in schools, without any governmental efforts to prevent it" (page 21). "Women experienced economic discrimination due to social norms that favored men, and their access to education and employment was limited (see section 7.d.)" (page 22). "Nevertheless, many children did not attend school. Parents often had to pay their children’s school fees as well as provide their uniforms and supplies. Other factors affecting school enrollment included distance to the nearest school, lack of transportation, shortages of teachers and instructional materials, and lack of school feeding programs. Girls’ enrollment was lower than that of boys at all levels due to...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

" Boys and girls had nearly equal rates of primary education, with women outnumbering men in secondary and tertiary education" (Pg 30).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, it notes with concern: (a) The absence of information disaggregated by age, ethnicity and socioeconomic condition on access to education for girls, in particular their enrolment, completion and dropout rates, notably for reasons of early pregnancy at all levels, and about culturally appropriate bilingual education for indigenous women and girls; (b) The insufficient measures to reduce the school dropout rate among pregnant adolescent girls and ensure their right to return to school during pregnancy and following childbirth; (c) Sexual harassment and other forms of gender-based violence against girls in the education system; (d) The concentration of women in traditionally female-dominated fields of study; (e) The underrepresentation of women in...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"According to the government, girls from rural families tended to leave school at a younger age than did boys. Approximately 10 percent of children from poor families did not have access to schooling, due to a lack of funds or early entrance into the workforce" (page 23). "According to UNICEF and the SNNA, an estimated 46,000 children, primarily girls, worked as domestic servants and received no pay. In exchange for work, employers promised child domestic servants room, board, and financial support for school. Some of these children were victims of forced child labor, did not receive pay or the promised benefits in exchange for work, suffered from sexual exploitation, and...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Twenty-five percent of women were attending school before they married. The majority of these women (75%) stopped attending school after they married. Sixty-two percent of women said that they were too busy with family to continue going to school. However, more than 1 in 5 women (23%) said they stopped going to school because their husbands did not want them to go to school (Table 14.9)" (260).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The achievement of gender equality in all stages of education, in the context of the Millennium Development Goals, before 2015 and ranking first place globally in terms of closing the gender gap with respect to access to education" (pg. 2). "According to the administrative instructions of the Ministry of Education, married women and girls are automatically removed from mainstream education into evening schools, which has an adverse impact on their retention in and access to high-quality education" (pg. 9). " Only girls take part in instruction on family life, which will lead to the perpetuation of stereotypes with regard to women’s roles" (pg. 9).
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the efforts to improve the access of girls and women to intercultural bilingual education. It is concerned, however, about the insufficient measures taken to ensure access to education for all girls and to improve the quality of education. It is equally concerned that illiteracy rates and secondary school dropout rates for girls in rural and remote areas and in indigenous communities and communities of African descent remain disproportionately high compared with the rest of the population, often owing to poverty, early pregnancy, early marriage and child labour. The Committee is further concerned about the high rates of sexual violence and harassment of girls in and on the...more
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Amendment to the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Regulations, providing for measures to combat sexual harassment in higher education institutions, in 2014" (pg. 2). "It is concerned about the recent decision by the Council for Higher Education to expand segregated campuses and introduce fully segregated classrooms within universities" (pg. 3). "Owing to restrictions on freedom of movement in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Palestinian women and girls continue to be subjected to harassment at checkpoints and by settlers on their way to and from school and work" (pg. 9). "The Committee welcomes the high level of literacy and education in the State party and the measures taken to further improve access by...more
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Less than half of UI students live on campus. At the time of this study, only 44.6% of students (30% and 15% of male and female students respectively) were accommodated in the university’s twelve halls of residence" (para 7). "Women students also reported wanting better mentoring by women lecturers and the women’s groups on campus. Some questioned the more conservative agendas of student groups that were preoccupied with producing 'good wives and mothers to build the nation'" (para 20).
Jan. 9, 2019, 11:17 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"So far, at least 56 students have refused to marry men before age 18, despite pressure from their families, and credit the Safe Space with giving them the skills and confidence to negotiate the postponement. And many girls who were forced to drop out of school early are returning to class" (para 15).
Jan. 9, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

When Fati was 12-years old, her father removed her from school in Niamey and sent her to Nigeria to marry a 40-year-old man. A year later, she was hospitalized with injuries inflicted by her new husband (para 1). "Finding themselves newly single, new mothers and not yet 18, both Fati and Aichatou went to live with family in the Talladjé area of Niamey, where they spent their days caring for their babies and doing housework, with few prospects for the future, other than more of the same" (para 4). "'By attending the Safe Space programme Illimin, I found the motivation to return to school,' says Fati, unable to suppress a...more
Jan. 8, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Vásquez is one of 11 children from a family of subsistence farmers in a rural village in western El Salvador. Their dire economic situation forced her to leave school at the age of 10, and move to the capital, San Salvador, at 17. She found work as a domestic servant" (para 9).
Jan. 8, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Joyce, 14, petitioned the government on the International Day of the Girl last year demanding action. Today, she says: 'I feel so happy that the government listened to girls and is taking the step towards making Kenya a better place for all girls. It means so much to many girls who have been using tissue paper or old clothes during their menstruation. Many girls in the marginalised areas used to miss class. Now girls will never miss school again because of their periods'" (para 3-5). "Access to sanitary towels is a big challenge for girls who come from poor families in Kenya, with UNESCO estimating that around half of all...more
Jan. 8, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The western parts of Nepal are characterized by high illiteracy and poverty, low development and significant gender inequality. A 2010 government study found that one-fifth of Nepali women practiced chhaupadi but in the mid- and far-west the figure was significantly higher" (para 8).
Jan. 7, 2019, 4:38 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Barr said that after 17 years of foreign aid, Afghanistan still lacks the most basic components of an education system for girls. She said that 60% of government schools have no toilets, which is a major problem for girls as they reach puberty and begin menstruating.'It’s not the Taliban who are stopping the government from building toilets. It’s their (the government’s) own apathy, or perhaps antipathy for girls’ education,' Barr claimed" (para 7-8). "Pointing out there are twice as many schools for boys as for girls, she said this 'form of discrimination' could be fixed almost overnight by adding shifts for girls at boys’ schools" (para 10). "Education is one...more
Jan. 7, 2019, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'Child marriage practices in Malaysia are often driven by poverty, patriarchal structures, customs and misconceptions around pre-marital sex.' 'To help a child climb out of poverty, you must educate her, not marry her,' one 15-year-old bride told the Special Rapporteur" (para 3-4) Practices that drive child marriage prevent education (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Decree No. 509/PMO in 2010 on the Promulgation of the National Policy on Education to reduce and eliminate gaps on accessibility and graduation rate of the disadvantaged groups, especially young girls, women, ethnic groups, persons with disabilities with attention to specific and different needs of all learners" (Pg 25).
Jan. 3, 2019, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"[Saudi Arabia] also has a law stating that all women must have a male guardian, typically a husband, father or brother, who gives them permission to study, travel abroad or marry" (para 9).
Dec. 14, 2018, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'I have terminated 330 marriages of which 175 were girl-wives and 155 were boy-fathers, I wanted them to go to school and that has worked,' she told Nyasa Times, 'I don’t want youthful marriages, they must go to school…no child should be found loitering at home or doing household chores during school time'" (para 3).
Dec. 14, 2018, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Colonel Qaddafi, in his bizarre style, had opened opportunities for women in ways that few other Arab strongmen ever did. 'It is an undisputed fact that both man and woman are human beings,' Colonel Qaddafi wrote in the Green Book, his magnum opus of philosophical musings. He expanded women’s education, sharply reduced illiteracy among women, enabled women to enter new professions, and conspicuously included uniformed women in both the army and the police" (3) Women illiteracy was a sharply reduced issue, once a large issue (A.M.G.-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Marriage Act (1923), the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act (1961), the Hindu Marriage Act (1945) and the Orisa Marriage Act (1999) allow for girls to be married at 12, 14 and 16 years of age, which causes them to drop out of school and exposes them to health risks, including maternal mortality owing to early pregnancy" (page 6). "The Committee . . . commends the State party on introducing an adolescent mothers programme in 1996, aimed at, among other things, supporting teenage mothers and assisting with re-entry into school after childbirth. The Committee is concerned, however, at: (a) The high rate of teenage pregnancy, resulting in girls dropping out...more
Dec. 1, 2018, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In many Malawian communities, gendered barriers to schooling for girls include domestic chores, sibling care, distance to schools, and lack of safety, transportation, and hygiene facilities. Expectations to marry, the risk of pregnancy, violence, lack of access to dignified menstrual hygiene, and barriers to a quality education are just some of the obstacles that limit girls' lives and prevent them from reaching their full potential" (para 6, 7).
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Although sexual harassment is prohibited by a 2009 High Court guideline, a June 2016 Bangladesh National Woman Lawyers’ Association (BNWLA) document noted that harassment remained a problem and monitoring and enforcement of the guidelines were poor, which sometimes prevented girls from attending school or work" (26). "The government offered subsidies to parents to keep girls in class through 10th grade... Despite free classes, teacher fees, books, and uniforms remained prohibitively costly for many families, and the government distributed hundreds of millions of free textbooks to increase access to education... Early and forced marriage was a factor in girls’ attrition from secondary school" (26). "Many forms of child abuse, including sexual...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Human rights NGOs expressed concern that the law on compulsory education allows female students to be kept at home and married early . . . The Ministry of Family and Social Policies provided conditional cash transfers to support families and children. The ministry reported that these cash transfers helped poor families continue education for their daughters, although it did not indicate how many families received the stipend during the year" (page 59).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Girls have unequal access to the country’s secondary and tertiary schools because of their distance, their lack of adequate sanitation, and transportation difficulties" (14).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"While all women in Burma face the same struggle to enjoy their rights under CEDAW, rural and ethnic women face additional hurdles and specific harms such as trafficking, unequal access to education and healthcare, land insecurity and the devastating impact of drug production and trade. Moreover, rural and ethnic women are directly implicated by armed conflict and the quest for peace. This gap between the experiences of women in cities and urban settings versus those of ethic women in rural areas must be understood and taken account when analyzing the status of women’s rights in Burma" (page 1). "Despite being in the 14th year of a Long Term Education Plan,...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Restrictions on Islamic clothing in... schools, and public spaces affected Muslim women in particular" (12).
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"While taking note of the programme PROMAJOVEN, which provides basic education grants to pregnant teenagers and young mothers, the Committee is concerned that pregnant teenage girls are stigmatized and forced to drop out from school" (8).
Nov. 9, 2018, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Reports indicate that girls with less education are at the highest risk of child marriage" (para 9).
Nov. 9, 2018, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Reports indicate that girls with less education are at the highest risk of child marriage" (para 9).