The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

March 31, 2021, 9:27 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"School administrators in Turkmenistan’s Mary Province have ordered female students age 14 and above to undergo mandatory gynecological tests, a move explained as part of state measures to ensure good behavior among youth" (para 1). "Despite the students being minors, school directors told the parents that their children will see gynecologists regardless of whether or not their families consent to such [gynecological] tests" (para 3). "The mandatory gynecological tests appear to be unrelated to routine preventative health exams given at most schools. Parents said the tests were explained as being part of a policy designed to ensure good behavior among young people and to prevent teenage pregnancies" (para 5-6).more
March 31, 2021, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In November 2018, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women recommended that Nepal endorse the Safe Schools Declaration, an international commitment to protect education during armed conflict. At time of writing, it had yet to do so" (para 16).
March 24, 2021, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'As it is our classes have been quite erratic because of the constant threat of extremist violence in the region. There have been so many times when I have not been able to attend school due to some incident. Last year, my sister had to drop out of school because my mother could not find work to pay for her education. And moreover, in my community girls do not study beyond Class Five. Why would my situation be any different'" (para 4). "Across Bengal, today, millions of girls are getting back to school and those at the verge of being pulled out are able to continue their studies thanks to...more
March 24, 2021, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Under the guardianship system a male family member, normally the father, husband or brother, must grant permission for a woman's study, travel and other activities" (para 8).
March 13, 2021, 5:51 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Over 900 schools remained closed and 270,000 children were denied the right to education because of insecurity and displacement" (para 16).
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that women of different ethnic and minority communities, ...continue to suffer from multiple discrimination, particularly in access to education" (12).
Feb. 23, 2021, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The youth-led research, undertaken by Plan International Australia working with 60 adolescent girls across three locations, has revealed the key barriers that are holding girls in the Solomon Islands back. Key among these are school fees, discrimination against girls who become pregnant, and deeply entrenched gender inequality.The research also reveals the intersecting and unique barriers faced by girls with disabilities" (para 3). "The number one barrier identified was school fees. Since 2009, under the Fee Free Basic Education policy, the government only applies fees for senior secondary schooling (years 10-12). As a result, there is a cliff face drop off in the number of girls accessing senior secondary education" (para...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'FGM is one of the most extreme manifestations of violence against girls and women,' said Allin, who has been cut herself. 'It’s a lifetime torture for girls. The pain continues ... until the girl goes to the grave. It impacts her education, ambition ... everything'" Girls' education is effected because recovery from surgery 'can take weeks' of school missed (JCH CODER COMMENT) (para 10-11).
Feb. 10, 2021, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"One of the main barriers to education for girls in Sierra Leone is poverty. Forty percent of school-aged girls reported that poverty caused them to drop out or leave school. With minimal resources, families are focused on providing basic needs such as housing, food, clothing, and care to each family member, and because of this, pursuing an education falls on the back burner" (para 2). "Other significant barriers that this study found were teenage pregnancy, the loss of their primary caregiver to illnesses or accidents (which is typical for these young girls), lack of parental care and encouragement, and overall negative cultural attitudes and beliefs towards girls’ education, among others....more
Feb. 8, 2021, 8:08 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In November, Ukraine became the 100th country to endorse the Safe Schools Declaration, an international political commitment to make schools safe during times of war" (para 4). "Between January and May 2019, attacks on schools on both sides of the contact line tripled compared with the same period in 2018. Throughout six years of conflict, 147 children were killed" (para 6).
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee is concerned about the government structures specific to northern Rakhine State, with the border guard police holding both security and administrative authority over the townships with predominantly Rohingya populations. That unique arrangement has resulted in myriad local orders restricting freedom of movement, including to places of livelihood, and access to health services, including sexual and reproductive services, education and housing for Rohingya women and girls in the State party. The Committee recalls that the State party’s accountability with respect to implementing its obligations under article 2 is engaged through acts of commission and omission of all branches of Government. The decentralization of power does not absolve the State...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: AOM-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"But even in their home country, Cameroonian girls are at risk of early marriage and pregnancy. According to UNICEF, in the period between 2008 and 2014, 13 percent of Cameroonian children were married by the time they are 15 and 38 percent by the time they were 18. According to the Cameroon Medical Council, 25 percent of pregnancies occur in school-age girls, and 20 percent of pregnant girls do not return to school" (para 22).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"A bacha posh can also more easily receive an education, work outside the home, even escort her sisters in public, allowing freedoms that are unheard of for girls in a society that strictly segregates men and women" (para 6).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"It is particularly concerned about the… Continued marginalization and poverty of the women and girls who survived the Gujarat riots and are living in the relief colonies and their precarious living conditions with limited access to education, health care, employment and security and poor infrastructure in terms of sanitation, water, transportation and housing" (4-5). "The Committee is concerned that the State party may not have full understanding of the purpose of temporary special measures in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendation No. 25 on the subject. It is also concerned that no temporary special measures have been or are being applied as part...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"While Federal, State, and Territory laws prohibit sexual harassment in areas including employment, education and accomodation, sexual harassment remains endemic in Australia" (11).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“Recognizing that access to justice begins in the educational sphere, where women, on an equal footing with men, have the opportunity to learn about their rights and the mechanisms for exercising them, the Government is harmonizing the national education programmes with medium- and long-term national objectives in a vision of sustainable development that includes policies on population and balanced territorial and sectoral development, with specific prioritized goals in the social sector” (pp. 5). “With regard to the measures implemented to prevent girls from being excluded from the education system, the Ministry of Education is developing, with the participation of parents and education administrators, a strategy to reactivate and strengthen the...more
Jan. 26, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“Gender plays a role in disparity in school attendance. According to the U.N. Millennium Development Goals report, girls are more likely to be excluded from education than boys and it is more common for girls to drop out of school among poor households. Despite free education, the ratio of school attendees is 92.1 percent for men and 76.4 percent for women” (para 3). “Women’s empowerment in Equatorial Guinea was also threatened in 2016, when the Ministry of Education issued a ministerial order according to which girl pupils must submit a pregnancy test result prior to enrollment. Pregnant schoolgirls are not admitted by school authorities, forcing teens to seek abortions in...more
Jan. 20, 2021, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“The Taliban has prevented 200 girls in Mah-e-May and Nusay districts of Badakhshan from taking university entrance exams by threatening to charge them fines, according to the local officials in the province... Local officials in the area have said that the Taliban threatened to charge Afs40,000 to any female student trying to take the exam” (Para 1-3).
Jan. 7, 2021, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“The rate of children dropping out of school is higher [and] more young women have left for Thailand to work… Forty-nine of the 60 women have taken their children out of school since the project started” (pp. 6-8)
Jan. 7, 2021, 6:05 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“These schools were unfairly branded as enemies of the state,” Mr. Erdogan said, referring to a 1997 law that closed all imam hatip middle schools and made it extremely hard for graduates of the schools to enroll in higher education” (para. 13) This can include women looking for higher education -RZ CODER COMMENT.
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Austrian lawmakers have approved plans to ban girls in primary schools from wearing headscarves, a move that would add to existing restrictions on veils...The parties who proposed it openly admitted that the measure is 'specifically targeted at Muslim girls'" (para 1, 4).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"For daughters are sadly seen as a short-term investment for poor, rural households - cash cows that can boost a family's financial position at the expense of a girl's schooling and wellbeing" (para 8). "'It was Sukuma tradition that forced me to have Grace married when she finished primary school,' says Kurwa" (para 86).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of child marriage creates numerous problems for society, according to SSO.... Wives typically aren't allowed to attend school and have little hope of earning money to support their families, perpetuating poverty" (para 7). "Clean water is also a major issue—many citizens, usually women and children, must walk five or more miles in search of drinking water. The task often keeps children, particularly girls, out of school" (para 11).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'The new amendment will push millions of innocent children into forced labour and deprive them of education and a normal childhood,' Rakesh Slenger of Bachpan Bachao Andolan told IPS. 'The girl child will be particularly disadvantaged as she will be denied education while being stuck with all the household work'” (para 9).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Many are fleeing persecution and violence that has left up to 280 people dead and forced another 140,000 from their homes in western Rakhine state. They are living under apartheid-like conditions in dusty, crowded camps, with little access to education or adequate medical care. They also have little freedom of movement, having to pay hefty bribes if they want to pass police barricades, even for emergencies" (para 5).
Jan. 1, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“Who are these women [attending community colleges]? About a quarter of them are mothers, and many have significant work, family, and caregiving responsibilities. Many of these women have limited financial resources and/or are academically underprepared. For these reasons, they are attracted to the flexible schedules, low cost, and open-door admissions of community colleges” (2). “Community colleges present an attractive option for mothers of young children, in part because they offer flexible schedules and low tuition. Unfortunately, limited access to child care disrupts the educational path of many mothers. Although more mothers enroll in community colleges than in four-year institutions, fewer than half of all community college offer on-campus child care,...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Government will fund free sanitary products in schools to tackle period poverty, Philip Hammond announced today. Mr Hammond said 'some girls are missing school' because they can't afford to buy them" (para 1-2). "Mr Hammond said: 'In response to rising concern by headteachers that some girls are missing school attendance due to inability to afford sanitary products, I have decided to fund the provision of free sanitary products in secondary schools and colleges in England from the next school year'" (para 5).
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Samaneh is one of about one million undocumented children born to Iranian mothers and non-Iranian fathers who have had many challenges in accessing education, medical and other services because they were not recognized as Iranian nationals" (para 3).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Afghanistan have made substantial gains in employment, education, and legal protections since the fall of the hard-line Taliban regime nearly two decades ago" (para 9). This indicates that there were restrictions to education under the Taliban (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Many parents of pregnant girls, or the girls themselves, decide to quit schooling due to the pregnancy, and schools do not always do enough to encourage them to stay" (para 3). "'In circumstances where the pregnancy was a result of kids of the same age, the boy would not be necessarily expelled from school,' she said. 'It was also a double tragedy for the girl … as in most circumstances, it was not a consensual sex but some sort of abuse by some predator older than her. So, she has been traumatised and raped then she is further traumatised by being kicked out of school'" (para 8-9). "Pregnancy is just...more