The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

". . . de facto, intersecting discrimination against Uruguayan women of African descent persists and can be seen in the disproportionate level of educational exclusion, early pregnancies, lower salaries, more disadvantageous incorporation into the workforce and lower levels of public and political participation" (page 3). "The persistence of patriarchal attitudes and discriminatory stereotypes about the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, which perpetuate violence and discrimination against women in areas such as education, employment and health" (page 6). "The Committee is, nonetheless, concerned about: The high rate at which girls are dropping out from formal education, mainly owing to early pregnancy, especially in...more
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2007, Education and Gender Days have been held each year as a joint project of Inmujeres and ANEP-CODICEN; their target audience is the faculty of the educational subsystems. The aim is to address various issues from a gender perspective, to provide conceptual and methodological tools for work in schools (Table 24). GBV and rights training is given annually as a form of continuing education for teachers and ANEP technicians through a decentralized training system that replicates the courses given in the capital, as well as awareness activities in all departments of Uruguay. Five decentralized activities were carried out in 2012 (215 participants), while in 2013 fourteen were carried out...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Education and Training Policy (2014) and National Strategy on Inclusive Education (2009-2017)" (page 2). "[The Committee] is nevertheless concerned that temporary special measures remain underutilized by the State party to accelerate the full and equal participation of women in areas such as education and employment" (page 5). "The Committee welcomes the gender parity that exists at the primary level of education. It also welcomes the adoption, in 2014, by the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training on the mainland of a new education and training policy that provides for equal access and opportunities to education and training for boys and girls. The Committee is, however, concerned at: (a) The persistence...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Disabled women are less likely to undertake higher education. In 2013, 46 per cent of disabled women had no education or below an upper secondary education, 18.8 per cent had an upper secondary education, 14 per cent had achieved Level 4-6 National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) and 11.8 per cent had achieved Level 7 NCEA, a Bachelors degree or higher. Disabled women’s low participation rates in employment and education indicate that their skills and talents are not being fully utilized and they are more likely to experience poor social and economic outcomes across their life course . . . The New Zealand Disability Strategy (the Strategy) is currently being...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"According to the 2012 national census, girls faced more difficulties accessing services than boy" (35). "Some teachers and other school staff harassed, abused, and assaulted students in schools, according to reports. The law requires schools to disclose sexual abuse to authorities, but administrators sometimes concealed sexual violence or delayed disciplinary action. The level of sexual violence in schools also increased the risk of contracting HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases, as well as unwanted pregnancies. On June 24, police arrested a teacher at the Plettenberg Bay Primary School in Western Cape Province on suspicion that he raped a grade two pupil on school property. The trial continued at year’s end"...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"All children can study in the general education schools appropriate for their ages. The difference in the number of girls and boys depends only on fertility, that is, the number of girls and boys of the corresponding age groups in the country leads to the sex difference among those studying in educational institutions at each age, and that difference should not be perceived as discrimination. The educational institutions, whatever their type, pose no restrictions on the admission of citizens on the grounds of sex, which gives us every reason to assert that in the field of education there is no discrimination against women" (27). "In Turkmenistan, the education system has...more
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"It also welcomes the adoption of the Prevention and Solution of the Adolescent Pregnancy Problem Act, which aims at reducing the high rates of teenage pregnancy and of girls who drop out of school as a consequence" (10). "Gender segregation in higher education, with low enrolment of women and girls in non-traditional fields of study, such as technology, engineering, mathematics and agriculture; The existence of gender bias in the school curriculum and textbooks, reinforcing traditional gender stereotypes." (10).
June 13, 2018, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Their research also shows that 50 percent of children drop out of school at the age of 13. While education is nominally free in Myanmar, the cost of snacks, notebooks and informal tuition fees are too much for families struggling to repay their spiralling debts" (para 16). While this is not specific to women, it is important to realize that a lack of educational attainment for children is detrimental to the society as a whole. We can assume that roughly half of the children dropping out of school are young girls (AA-CODER COMMENT).
June 12, 2018, 8:43 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Council for Higher Education in Israel is planning on opening gender-separate classes at Israel’s universities to encourage enrollment of ultra-Orthodox students. Such classes currently exist only at colleges, university preparatory programs and a special campus at Bar-Ilan University..." (Para 1-2, 4). "However, opponents of the plan told Haaretz that opening separate classes for Haredim would lead to greater inequality on campus, and would be damaging to female lecturers. 'When the council established the program to incorporate the Haredim in academic education, it repeatedly declared that gender and sectoral separation were foreign to academic studies, opposed to their essence, and impairs equality. But the exception was justified as a temporary...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the measures taken by the State party to improve the access of girls to education, including through the adoption of the Education Act of 2013, the Teachers Service Commission Act of 2012 and the schools sanitary towel programme. It remains concerned, however, about the large number of children out of school, gender disparity in schools, including the lower completion rate for girls compared with boys owing to, among other things, early pregnancy, female genital mutilation, child and/or forced marriage and a lack of sanitary towels. The Committee is also concerned about the lower number of women attending university compared with men and the lack of data on...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned about the high dropout rate and underrepresentation among girls and women in vocational training and higher education, in particular in deprived rural areas and refugee communities. It notes that, under the newly adopted legislation, compulsory education has been extended to 12 years. The Committee is concerned, however, that this scheme also allows pupils, subject to parental approval, to opt for home schooling from 12 years of age and to continue their education at specialized religious schools (hatip). The Committee is concerned that this may have a particularly negative effect on girls, given that home- and religious-based education may reinforce the traditional role of girls as wives...more
June 7, 2018, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"According to the latest figures available from the Ministry of Education, in 2013 there were 1,550 cases of sexual harassment against female students or staff reported by schools’ and universities’ Commissions of Gender Equality Education" (10). Fear of harassment may influence a woman's decision to attend school or not (AA-CODER COMMENT)
June 6, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Primary and secondary education completion rates tended to be slightly higher for boys than for girls. This was due to cultural and social barriers, including the burdens placed on girls of family care, domestic responsibilities, and customary marriage. Recent reports confirmed that girls were at high risk of domestic and sexual violence, sexual harassment in schools, commercial exploitation, and HIV infection, which posed serious threats to their education" (17).
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides equal rights for women as for men, but in some areas and at lower socioeconomic levels, traditional attitudes and gender-role stereotyping kept women and girls in subordinate positions and prevented them from equally accessing education, employment, and business opportunities" (20). "In an effort to increase elementary school attendance by ethnic minority children, the government continued to support the establishment of dormitories in rural areas countrywide" (21).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the efforts by the State party to address the effect of the Boko Haram insurgency on access to education by women and girls. It notes with concern: That many women and girls in the north-east of the State party have dropped out of school owing to the Boko Haram insurgency; The lack of information on the progress made in securing schools to ensure that girls and teachers are protected from Boko Haram insurgents; That the budget allocation for the education sector remains below the recommended United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) threshold of 26 per cent of gross domestic product; The lack of data on...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that there are no gender disparities regarding access to primary and secondary education in the State party" (pg 8). "Several State institutions of higher learning, including the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, have a gendered admission policy, which, among other things, restricts the number of admitted female students and/or requires higher passing scores for women" (pg 8).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about…(a) The low enrolment and dramatic progressive decline in completion rates of girls at the secondary school level, particularly in rural areas, owing to extreme poverty and child labour by girls; (b) The lack of adequate sanitary facilites and potable water in a large number of schools; (c) The high rate of sexual violence and harassment of girls on the way to, from or at school and the absence of any measures to combat such violence" (10).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Australia is ranked first in the world for the educational attainment of women, and is committed to delivering high-quality education to students, regardless of their gender, age, ethnicity, disability or geographical location" (Pg 27).
April 29, 2018, 7:23 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In Kabul, at least three separate acid attacks against women were reported just in July, according to local Afghan news reports. The aim of attackers may be to punish women who might refuse a suitor, or insist on going to school or want a divorce" (Para 6).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that women and girls continue to choose fields of education that are traditionally female-dominated (only 26.4 per cent of students enrolled in engineering and architecture and 9.8 per cent enrolled in sports studies are women) and that they remain underrepresented in technical and vocational education" (8).
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The greatest disparities in access to education are seen by wealth quintile. Three in 10 women and two in 10 men in the lowest wealth quintile have never been to school. Women with no schooling steadily and abruptly decrease with rising wealth quintiles, reaching fewer than 3% among those in the highest wealth quintile. About half of women and men in the highest wealth quintile attend at least some secondary or higher school" (page 53). "Teenage pregnancy is a major health concern because of its association with higher morbidity and mortality for both the mother and child. Childbearing during the teenage years frequently has adverse social consequences, particularly for educational...more
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Women continue to be underrepresented in decision-making and senior management positions at all levels of the education system. Similarly, the underrepresentation of professors and rectors at the senior level leaves young girls without role models in this area" (Pg 12).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to improve girls’ access to education by adopting the National Plan for Zero Dropout Rates for 2009-2013. It remains concerned, however, that girls’ school enrolment remains lower than that of boys and that the dropout rate among girls, especially girls from minority groups, at the secondary level of education remains disproportionately high. It also notes with concern the limited access to education for Roma and Egyptian girls and girls with disabilities, as well as children living in rural and remote areas, owing to poor school infrastructure and lack of teachers. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about gender segregation and women’s concentration...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The following measures have been taken: 1) Coverage by the State of school fees and parents’ association (APE) contributions for all girls enrolled in the first grade in public schools and prohibition of excluding a pupil for non-payment of the above contributions; 2) Adoption in 2012 of the National Strategy for the Acceleration of Girls’ Education (SNAEF), including free education, action against gender-based violence, reduction of dropping out, and non-formal education for adults and adolescents; 3) Reservation of 56 per cent of technical education places and provision of science study grants for girls; 4) Establishment of a special quota of 300 grants exclusively for female students. This has helped to...more
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"However, it notes that, women nevertheless remain underrepresented in the Federal National Council and in the judiciary and that, while they account for 71.6 per cent of university students, they represent only 15 per cent of faculty members" (pg 8). "The Committee welcomes the achievements of the State party in the field of education and notes with satisfaction the high proportion of women and girls enrolled in public and private universities, while noting at the same time that the data requested by the Committee were received in a form that did not enable it to assess the number of girls who are not enrolled in school. The Committee commends the...more
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation the high literacy rate among women and the high rates of girls’ enrolment in primary and secondary education" (Pg 8). "[the committee remains concerned with] the persistence of violence, in particular sexual violence and abuse, in schools and school dormitories, which results in a high number of teenage pregnancies. At the practice of removing pregnant girls from school and providing them with alternative forms of education rather than opportunities for reintegration into the formal education system" (Pg 8).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the high literacy rate and the high level of enrolment of women and girls in tertiary education. It also notes that the State party allocates 13 per cent of its national budget to education and that it is planning to increas e the length of compulsory formal education from 9 to 12 years. The Committee is concerned, however, that women and girls continue to choose traditionally female - dominated fields of education and remain underrepresented in technical and vocational education. While noting the continuing review of school curricula and textbooks, the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of some negative stereotypes against women in textbooks and curricula"...more
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"There needs to be cooperation between NGOs, local governments, and the Ministry of Education to provide greater access to education to the rural areas of Afghanistan. Because security is still a problem in Afghanistan, families are unwilling to send their children far outside their villages to receive education. Even families fortunate enough to have automobile transportation still fear sending their children, particularly their daughters, away from the village to go to school. When educational and higher educational opportunity is concentrated in larger cities, the graduating professionals are generally unwilling to take their degrees and move to rural villages to teach. Afghanistan already has a shortage of female teachers, and getting...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"There is equality in the following aspects of the educational process: 1) All learners — male and female — are taught the same curricula, without discrimination, at all educational levels from kindergarten and general education to higher education. Furthermore, study plans are the same at intermediate level and part of secondary, although girls are taught a curriculum that includes special subjects, such as family and consumer sciences and home economics. 2) Because of a standardized system of assessment and measurement, which is part of educational policy, the examination system is the same at all levels, without any discrimination or differentiation. Term times, examination times and marking are the same. 3)...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the significant achievements of the State party in increasing the participation of women and girls at the secondary and tertiary levels of education. The Committee is, however, concerned about the sex segregation of fields of study and the underrepresentation of girls in technology and vocational courses and apprenticeships at the secondary level, as well as in engineering, manufacturing and construction courses in higher education, which results in similar sex segregation of occupations in the labour market and higher unemployment rates for young women in spite of their higher rate of certification compared with employed males. While welcoming Law No. 69/2009, which mandates sexual education as a compulsory...more