The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of demanding sexual favors in exchange for employment or university grades remained common" (Pg 35). "In many parts of the country, social and economic factors resulted in discrimination against girls in access to education. In the face of economic hardship, many families favored boys over girls in deciding which children to enroll in elementary and secondary schools. Girls often left school to engage in domestic work, trading, and street vending" (Pg 37).
June 13, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"According to UNICEF, girls tended to leave school at younger ages than did boys because of early marriage or unplanned pregnancies" (p. 19).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Although the constitution provides for equal legal status and rights regardless of gender, women do not have the same rights as men under family law, which customary courts usually adjudicate. In customary law legal rights as head of household typically apply only to men. Customary law does not consider a divorced or widowed woman, even with children, to be a head of household. Traditional and religious beliefs resulted in discrimination in education, employment (see section 7.d.), owning or managing a business, credit, and property rights. Discrimination was worse in rural areas, where women helped with subsistence farming and did most of the childrearing, cooking, water- and wood-gathering, and other work....more
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Unregistered children could not access public services, including education" (57). "Although the law provides for nine years of compulsory education for children, many children did not attend school for the required period in economically disadvantaged rural areas, and some never attended. Public schools were not allowed to charge tuition, but many schools continued to charge miscellaneous fees because they received insufficient local and central government funding. Such fees and other school-related expenses made it difficult for poorer families and some migrant workers to send their children to school" (57). "[In Hong Kong] The law on disabilities states that children with separate educational needs must have equal opportunity in accessing education....more
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, LO-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits gender-based discrimination, including employment discrimination. Women nonetheless experienced discrimination in such areas as obtaining credit, salary level, owning and managing businesses, education, and housing (see section 7.d.)" (Pg 15).
June 11, 2019, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In the Romani, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian communities, traditional values, societal prejudice, and a tendency to leave school prematurely limited educational opportunities for women. Due to poor education and harsh living conditions, Romani women seldom visited gynecologists or obstetricians, with negative consequences for their health and for infant mortality rates. According to Romani NGOs, one-half of Romani women between the ages of 15 and 24 were illiterate. Romani women often noted that they faced double discrimination based on their gender and ethnicity" (Pg 26). "Girls were more likely than boys to leave primary school. Many parents did not want their children, particularly girls, to go to school, preferring that they...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Increment factors are as follows: a) The expansion of school coverage to areas closer to the communities as per 204% in EP2, 148% in ESG1, 226% in ESG2, 422% in Medium Professional and Vocational Education and 89% and 163% in Private and Public Higher Education, respectively, to encourage enrolments at the right established age (6 years old) into the education system; b) The growth of the educational staff with the increment of teachers trained in the Teacher Training Institutes which serves as model for the girls; c) The campaigns promoting the schooling of girls in partnership with the communities to discourage early marriages and the overload of domestic activities onto...more
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"While initial attendance rates for boys and girls were similar, girls often were forced to leave school if they became pregnant and faced difficulty in obtaining school documents or transferring schools. Lack of sanitation facilities at some schools also led some girls to drop out upon reaching puberty" (p. 14).
June 8, 2019, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In September 2017, at the beginning of the new school year, schools in some Regions of Kazakhstan banned girls wearing headscarves from further attendance." (para 3). "Mirzhan Gabdullin, a legal scholar who lives in Oral (Uralsk) in West Kazakhstan Region, prepared the suit for court. "My daughter wants to wear her headscarf to go to school," he told Forum 18. "She won't take it off just to be able to go to school." He complains that none of Oral's 46 state secondary schools will take girls if they are wearing headscarves." (para 4). "In early April 2018, a Muslim resident of West Kazakhstan Region failed to overturn in court a...more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Some Syrian children continued to face barriers to attending public schools, including no transportation, long distances to schools, bullying by fellow students and/or teachers, or child labor. Refugees had equal access to justice regardless of their legal status, but did not always exercise this right" (23). "The government deemed some children--including children of unmarried women, orphans, or certain interfaith marriages involving a Muslim woman and converts from Islam to another religion--illegitimate and denied them standard registration. Instead, the government issued these children unique national identification numbers, making it difficult or impossible for them to attend school, access health services, or receive other documentation" (33). "Children without legal residency do not...more
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"ICIEG, in partnership with the MoE, implemented the project Equality Promoting Schools, involving schools from the islands of Fogo, Sal and urban Praia (with higher GBV statistics). The Project trained 257 teachers, who subsequently prepared and implemented 24 Action Plans to promote gender equality and combat GBV, through activities in classrooms, school and school communities. The project developed several campaign materials, including 3 TV spots. The recently developed Strategic Plan for Education (2017–2021) includes gender equality cross-cuttingly: the Plan commits to the implementation of strategies and institutional practices that are adequate to the specific needs of boys and girls and gender equality is part of all programs and planning, budgeting...more
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination based on gender is prohibited in terms of access to and supply with goods and services. It is not prohibited, however, in the fields of education and social protection. In these areas, protection against discrimination only applies to discrimination based on ethnicity" (7).
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and offers protection for victims, but sexual harassment was common, especially of female students by their male teachers" (p. 14).
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports that, in some rural communities, parents removed girls from school as young as age nine to work at home" (p. 23).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"There was near gender parity in primary school attendance. Girls were more likely than boys to complete primary school but less likely to attend secondary school" (p. 13).
May 30, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes the following with concern: (a) The high school drop-out rate among adolescent girls at the secondary level of education, which is often owing to early pregnancy, the absence of a written policy on pregnant students in schools, the compulsory expulsion of pregnant girls from schools after five months of pregnancy, which reinforces negative stereotypes, and the lack of measures taken to ensure their re-entry and retention in school following childbirth" (8).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the generally high quality of education provided and welcomes the range of measures taken to ensure that gender equality permeates all levels of education. However, the Committee is concerned that stereotypical choices and segregation remain a challenge, starting with preschools, where the teaching staff is still largely female, while in vocational training and in some fields of higher education women are underrepresented (...) Moreover, the Committee is concerned that a high number of girls suffer from discrimination and sexual harassment in schools and that, despite progress achieved, migrant girls, girls belonging to minority groups, in particular the Roma and Sami, continue to face...more
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption in 2015 of a Roma integration strategy to help to ensure that Roma girls and boys are guaranteed equal access to education. The Committee notes, however, the State party’s statement, during the dialogue, that the education system has been deregulated and decentralized, resulting in the State party having limited means to intervene in the structure and syllabus of its education sector. In that context, the Committee reiterates its previous concern that women and girls continue to be underrepresented in technical schools and scientific research work, as well as in academic institutions, in particular at the senior level (...) The Committee remains concerned about the disproportionately...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"On October 17, a group of unidentified Islamists entered the Administrative Sciences College in Aden and informed the staff and students they could no longer teach male and female students in the same classes, according to an NGO" (24). "Social pressure, women’s lack of knowledge about reproduction, and the young age of marriage for many girls also meant many women had little or no real control over reproduction. Access to contraceptives and procedures involving reproductive and fertility treatments required the consent of both husband and wife. It was technically illegal for single women to buy and use contraception, but if a particular contraceptive (such as birth control pills) had another...more
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the generally high quality of education in the State party and welcomes the range of steps taken to further improve access by women and girls to high-quality education in the State party. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned by: (b) The negative impact of the lack of measures for pregnant students in middle-level applied education and tertiary education and of the implementation of the Work and Security Act of 2015 on researchers on temporary work contracts who are pregnant or taking parental leave, which has caused students to drop out of education, damaged academic career prospects for female students and resulted in a loss of talent that could...more
May 21, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro, Montenegro
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is not legislation on sexual harassment in education in Montenegro (115).
May 21, 2019, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is not legislation on sexual harassment in education in Mongolia (115).
May 21, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is legislation on sexual harassment in education in Mozambique (116).
May 21, 2019, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is not legislation on sexual harassment in education in Morocco (116).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is not legislation on sexual harassment in education in Myanmar (117).
May 20, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is legislation on sexual harassment in education in Namibia (117).
May 20, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is legislation on sexual harassment in education in the Netherlands (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is not legislation on sexual harassment in education in Nepal (118).
May 18, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is legislation on sexual harassment in education in Nicaragua (119).
May 18, 2019, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is legislation on sexual harassment in education in New Zealand (119).