The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 20, 2018, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) has received information that a girls schoolteacher has been declared Kari (liable to be killed in the name of 'honour') for establishing a primary girls’ school in a feudal area... The school has been turned into recreational venue for powerful people and the Education Department of Sindh has remained a silent spectator, denying education to around 200 girls" (para 1). "Mrs. Khanzadi, 23, wife of Mehboob Ali Lohr, resident of Jacobabad, Sindh, was stopped by her family members from pursuing her education after 12th Grade" (para 2). Women may receive pressure from families to get married instead of focous on education (KYK - CODER...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Women have been historically disadvantaged, particularly in the application of Islamic law in matters such as divorce, education, inheritance, and providing legal testimony, including on rape" (17). "Girls’ access to secondary education was sometimes limited because of a lack of access to sanitation and separate facilities to study" (20).
Sept. 13, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Like many other women I met, Ms. Nepali, who thought she was around 35, was illiterate. She had never gone to school and seemed embarrassed about her poverty... In these villages, women are the workhorses. I saw one middle-aged woman shuffle into a market carrying what must have been 200 pounds of apples on her back, in boxes tied by ropes around her chest. Another problem that many women in this area have, aid workers said, is a prolapsed uterus, a painful condition in which the uterus slips down and protrudes from the vagina. It can be caused by heavy lifting and difficult births, both common here" (para. 10 -...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Their research also shows that 50 percent of children drop out of school at the age of 13. While education is nominally free in Myanmar, the cost of snacks, notebooks and informal tuition fees are too much for families struggling to repay their spiralling debts" (para 16). While this is not specific to women, it is important to realize that a lack of educational attainment for children is detrimental to the society as a whole. We can assume that roughly half of the children dropping out of school are young girls (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"However, the Committee is deeply concerned about the increasing number of teenage pregnancies causing high rates of school dropout; the persistence of school expulsions on the grounds of pregnancy and the limited number of complaints filed thereafter, which translates a lack of awareness of pregnant students" (7).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"According to the latest figures available from the Ministry of Education, in 2013 there were 1,550 cases of sexual harassment against female students or staff reported by schools’ and universities’ Commissions of Gender Equality Education" (10). Fear of harassment may influence a woman's decision to attend school or not (AA-CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"...child marriage and pregnancy often prevented girls from finishing school. The Center for Reproductive Rights reported in September 2013 that more than 55,000 girls over the previous decade had been expelled from school for being pregnant. Under the new Education and Training Policy launched by the government in January, pregnant girls are allowed to be reinstated in schools. The policy, however, was not yet fully implemented at year’s end" (24).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Military academies (except for the nursing academy) refused admittance to female students, although a significant number of instructors were women" (38).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"It also welcomes the adoption of the Prevention and Solution of the Adolescent Pregnancy Problem Act, which aims at reducing the high rates of teenage pregnancy and of girls who drop out of school as a consequence" (10). "Gender segregation in higher education, with low enrolment of women and girls in non-traditional fields of study, such as technology, engineering, mathematics and agriculture; The existence of gender bias in the school curriculum and textbooks, reinforcing traditional gender stereotypes." (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Federal law prohibits coeducation in public schools and universities, except in the United Arab Emirates University’s Executive MBA program and in certain graduate programs at Zayed University. A large number of private schools, private universities, and institutions, however, were coeducational" (23).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"According to the 2012 national census, girls faced more difficulties accessing services than boy" (35). "Some teachers and other school staff harassed, abused, and assaulted students in schools, according to reports. The law requires schools to disclose sexual abuse to authorities, but administrators sometimes concealed sexual violence or delayed disciplinary action. The level of sexual violence in schools also increased the risk of contracting HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases, as well as unwanted pregnancies. On June 24, police arrested a teacher at the Plettenberg Bay Primary School in Western Cape Province on suspicion that he raped a grade two pupil on school property. The trial continued at year’s end"...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Primary and secondary education completion rates tended to be slightly higher for boys than for girls. This was due to cultural and social barriers, including the burdens placed on girls of family care, domestic responsibilities, and customary marriage. Recent reports confirmed that girls were at high risk of domestic and sexual violence, sexual harassment in schools, commercial exploitation, and HIV infection, which posed serious threats to their education" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of chhaupadi (expelling women from their homes during menstruation and sometimes following childbirth, including forcing women to reside in cattle sheds)...directly limited many girls’ access to education for a large portion of the academic year" (29). "Some school-age girls did not attend public school due to the absence of separate or proper toilets for girls, reports of violence against girls, and early and forced marriage. The Department of Education stated that 32 percent of public schools did not have separate toilets for girls. The government continued the process of establishing separate washroom facilities for girls and boys in public schools, according to NGOs" (32). "A number of government...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Sexual abuse in schools and in homes continued to be a problem. In 2014 there were media and NGO reports of many high school-age girls coerced into having sex by their teachers in order to pass to the next grade. A UNESCO policy paper published in March noted approximately 20 percent of school principals said sexual harassment of students by teachers or other pupils occurred at least 'sometimes' at their schools" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Many girls, especially in rural areas, were unable to complete primary education due to poverty, lack of schools, and cultural factors; consequently, they were at a serious disadvantage in finding employment. The 2010 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) found that 11 percent of men and 19 percent of women had no formal education and that less than 14 percent of persons ages 15 to19 had completed primary school" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides equal rights for women as for men, but in some areas and at lower socioeconomic levels, traditional attitudes and gender-role stereotyping kept women and girls in subordinate positions and prevented them from equally accessing education, employment, and business opportunities" (20). "In an effort to increase elementary school attendance by ethnic minority children, the government continued to support the establishment of dormitories in rural areas countrywide" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"While women were 72 percent of college graduates from Kuwait University, they were underrepresented in the number of students sent to study internationally, likely due to continued societal concerns about permitting young women to study away from their families" (35).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“the Committee is concerned at: Reports of stereotypes and sexism in the field of education, and at the lack of concrete measures to curb this phenomenon” (10)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

“In 22 states and the District of Columbia, schools are required to provide sex education. One of these states, Tennessee, requires schools to provide sex education if the pregnancy rate among 15- to 17-year olds is 19.5 per 1,000 or higher. Of the 23 jurisdictions with a statute on the books requiring sex education, all but two—Mississippi and North Dakota—also require HIV education. Eighteen states and the District of Columbia require that information about contraception be included in the curricula, and 37 states require that information regarding abstinence be included” (173)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

“A study by the Center for Public Integrity that examined data on about 130 colleges and universities receiving federal funds between 2003 and 2008 to address sexual violence found that schools expel only 10 to 25 percent of the students found responsible for sexual assault (Lombardi 2010). More often, perpetrators are temporarily suspended, receive an academic penalty, or face no disciplinary action at all (Lombardi 2010). For victims—who may already be struggling in the aftermath of the assault—the effects of the assault may be compounded by the inaction of their college or university” (245)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the positive measures in place to increase the enrolment and retention of girls in school, including a national policy on schooling for girls and literacy programmes for women. Nevertheless, the Committee remains concerned (see CEDAW/C/MLI/CO/5, para. 27) at the extremely low completion rate for girls at the secondary level owing to, among other things, early and child marriage, early pregnancy, indirect school costs, child labour and a preference for sending boys to school, resulting in a very high illiteracy rate (76 per cent) among women in the State party. It also notes the poor quality of education owing to the high pupil-teacher ratio, the scarcity of textbooks...more
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to ensure equal access for women and girls to all levels of education and the increase in the rate of girls’ participation in primary and secondary education. The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) Discriminatory admission criteria that require women, but not men, to attain specific grades in order to enrol in certain traditionally male-dominated courses, such as engineering, at the tertiary level; (b) The lack of an adequate budget for the education sector, which, coupled with discriminatory stereotypes regarding the education of women and girls, limits their access to education, in particular in rural areas; (c) Low literacy levels among...more
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on having achieved Millennium Development Goal 2 on universal access to primary education and a higher literacy rate for girls than boys in both basic and functional literacy, and on having integrated sexual and reproductive health education into primary, secondary and higher education. However, the Committee is concerned about: . . . (c) The high incidence of sexual violence and sexual harassment against girls in schools; (d) The lack of operational guidelines and training for teachers on delivering age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health and rights" (page 9). "The Committee is concerned: (a) That Muslim women, indigenous women, women with disabilities, women migrant...more
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In the period 2011-2015 the institution of Protector received 21 complaints referring to gender-based discrimination . . . The reported discrimination mostly referred to the area of labour and employment, violence in family, education, and the most frequent form of the breach of anti-discrimination principles was mobbing" (Coder comment: See also CONST-LAW-1 and ERBG-LAW-2. This report does not specify which complaints are labor/employment based and which are based in other sectors, but it does outline the complaint and review process - ARR) (page 6-7). "2013 the Bureau for Educational Services in cooperation with NGO 'Roma Education Fund' organized a set of workshops for RE population. These are: 39 workshops for...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“[There is an] absence of gender studies in university education”(9)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

“[There are] high dropout rates among girls from [the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities], especially at the secondary level of education” (9)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

“[There is] insufficient emphasis placed on dismantling traditional gender roles, both in training for teaching staff and in educational materials” (9)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“[There is] limited access to education for asylum-seeking, refugee, displaced and internally displaced girls” (9)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

“Sex education [is] insufficiently taught and not covering the social relations of gender and the impact of patriarchal attitudes and discriminatory stereotypes on sexual relations” (9)
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

". . . de facto, intersecting discrimination against Uruguayan women of African descent persists and can be seen in the disproportionate level of educational exclusion, early pregnancies, lower salaries, more disadvantageous incorporation into the workforce and lower levels of public and political participation" (page 3). "The persistence of patriarchal attitudes and discriminatory stereotypes about the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, which perpetuate violence and discrimination against women in areas such as education, employment and health" (page 6). "The Committee is, nonetheless, concerned about: The high rate at which girls are dropping out from formal education, mainly owing to early pregnancy, especially in...more