The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-2

Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"[Iman] Assaf blamed the spread of unemployment among women on the Israeli occupation, which erects checkpoints between cities in the West Bank, thus undermining Palestinians’ movements, the marginalization of Palestinian women, their isolation in some remote areas and discrimination between the two genders in employment. In addition, the quality of university education women receive is sometimes not in line with the job market requirements"(para 7)
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"But Nidhi Gupta from the Takshashila Institute, a thinktank, said the law was a step in the right direction despite its limitations.She said: 'Women bring as much skill and talent to the table as men do. We go to the best schools, best colleges, as we are as talented and skilled as men are. So why should we be excluded'"(para 20-21)
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Saleh justifies the stress that the Nubian culture lays on Nubian women marrying Nubian men, saying, 'Part of the Nubian heritage is collapsing, with the demise of the language, and so the society is attempting to preserve its existence through its customs and traditions.' She noted that "Nubian men think it’s preferable for a Nubian woman to marry the son of a [Nubian] security guard rather than the son of a non-Nubian minister, [even if it means] a Nubian woman with a Ph.D. might end up marrying a Nubian man who hasn't even graduated middle school'"(para 10)."She [Wahibah Saleh] believes that the internet has succeeded in changing Nubians in a ...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, MULV-PRACTICE-1, MULV-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Like many women, I always thought that after university and finding some financial stability, I would marry and have children. I guess the fact that I grew up in a progressive and supportive family made me forget that the experiences of Afghan women are unlike those of many women around the world. I forgot, for a second, that as a woman unless you can have children, your education, career, and marriage are considered meaningless. I was not prepared for feeling that in the eyes of my community, my only worth as a woman is to bear children in the end"(para 2)."Conceiving soon after marriage is highly glorified in Afghan society. ...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Omaima Hoshan [living in a refugee camp in Jordan since 2012 but originally from Syria], 14, wasn’t really aware of early marriage until her best friend dropped out of school in the fifth grade. Omaima was very concerned. Her friend was an excellent student — the best in their class — and had always dreamed about becoming a doctor, so why would she leave school? Omaima learned from the teacher that her friend had married her 18-year-old cousin under pressure from her father. The girl hadn’t even turned 13 yet. Omaima never saw her again.From that day, Omaima noticed more girls leaving school as young as 12, 13 or 14 ...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Omaima Hoshan [living in a refugee camp in Jordan since 2012 but originally from Syria], 14, wasn’t really aware of early marriage until her best friend dropped out of school in the fifth grade. Omaima was very concerned. Her friend was an excellent student — the best in their class — and had always dreamed about becoming a doctor, so why would she leave school? Omaima learned from the teacher that her friend had married her 18-year-old cousin under pressure from her father. The girl hadn’t even turned 13 yet. Omaima never saw her again.From that day, Omaima noticed more girls leaving school as young as 12, 13 or 14 ...more
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The ratio of men and women in the labor force in the Solomon Islands has remained relatively stagnant over the past decade, largely a product of gender inequalities in education, training, household responsibilities, and cultural attitudes about the role of women"(para 3)
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"In the Maasai community, as soon as a girl undergoes circumcision, she is considered a woman and, typically, no longer has to listen to her parents. She is now ready for marriage, no matter her age. As she is now a woman, she is also expected to leave school, which leads to fewer opportunities for girls and creates major barriers to gender equity"(para 9)."According to the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, female genital mutilation has declined from 38 percent of the country’s female population in 2008 to 21 percent in 2015"(para 19)."Rose Lenkanai, who is now married with two children, recalls her experience at the age of 13. 'It’s ...more
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"In Peshawar, she [Jamila Afghani] enrolled in master’s-level classes in Islamic studies and began learning Arabic"(para 7)."'Everything was always a discrimination in our family,' says [Jamila] Afghani, who observed how her brothers behaved with their wives. 'They were educated women, but my brothers stopped them from continuing their education and working,' she recounts. 'I thought, if [my brothers] can go outside, why not my sisters-in-law'"(para 9). Jamila and her family moved from Afghanistan to Pakistan when she was in fifth grade (ENB-Coder Comment)
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"But in one neighborhood in the city, an imam has kept the doors of his mosque open to women for 12 years now. He often preaches about women’s rights in Islam – that women are equal to men and have the right to work and study"(para 1)."The sermons delivered by imams about the importance of education have also helped many women persuade their families to let them study. In fact, some 6,000 imams in Afghanistan have participated in Afghani’s training program"(para 4)."'Everything was always a discrimination in our family,' says [Jamila] Afghani, who observed how her brothers behaved with their wives. 'They were educated women, but my brothers stopped them ...more
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Son you should focus on your studies instead of wasting your time playing on your phone at all times. You need to study hard! After all, you will be the one who shall take care of us when we are old and eventually inherit our property". The father tells his son this at 0:01. He also has a daughter (ENB-Coder Comment)
Aug. 9, 2017, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Whatever my daughter wants to do in education, sports, or any other skill I will give my all for that". This statement was made by Saima's mother Sameema at 2:07 (ENB-Coder Comment)
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-DATA-1

"Women enjoy the same legal rights as men, including civil liberties, employment, commercial activity, and education. In 2013 women made up 51.6 percent of university graduates and 42.5 percent of professionals, managers, executives, and technicians" (21).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The enrollment of girls was lower in rural areas, where poverty and cultural factors often led parents to decide against sending their daughters to school" (22).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Gender disparity is significantly high in higher education (university level). In 2001, among the total students in the public universities, only 24.3 percent were female students whereas the male enrollment comprises almost three times higher (75.7 percent) than that of the female. It is also observed that over the years, both male and female enrollment in the university level is increasing with a slower rate. In the recent time, the rate at which the female enrollment in the primary level is increasing, the enrollment in higher education is not increasing at the same pace" (5,11).This trend indicates a societal attitude that values men's university education over women's (KH- CODER COMMENT).more
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"But the marriage slump — caused in large part by China’s aging population and the legacy of its harsh one-child policy — has a silver lining. It also stems from the rise of an educated population of women. Specialists in economics, demography and sociology say some of those women are delaying marriage to build careers and establish financial footing, resulting in a more empowered female population that no longer views marriage as the only route to security" (para 5). "China still faces yawning gaps in wages and employment between men and women, according to surveys. But women made up more than half of undergraduate students in 2014, compared with about ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Engaging Saudi women in the economy is vital as they currently outnumber men in higher education and will be key to weaning the country off oil" (para 11). This indicates improved attitudes regarding the importance of college education for women (KH- CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, MULV-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

“Union officials reported that sectors employing predominantly women, such as secretarial work, offered wages below the official minimum wage of 190 JD ($266) per month. Many women said traditional social pressures discouraged them from pursuing professional careers, especially after marriage. According to the Jordanian National Commission for Women, half of the country’s university graduates were women, but women comprised only 13 percent of the labor force” (45).
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-DATA-1

“According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights/UN Development Program-supported NGO Coalition, while 55 percent of students in higher education institutions were women, in the workplace they earned only half the average monthly salaries of men. As a result many women sought employment outside the country” (51).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, AFE-PRACTICE-2

“Women constituted a growing proportion of graduates of higher education and of the workforce. Nonetheless, they remained underrepresented in management and generally earned less than their male counterparts” (14).
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"As in previous years, female students have continued to prevail in higher vocational colleges, higher education institutions and universities offering programmes of health care, social work and education. A change was recorded in study programmes in the areas of science, mathematics and computer science, where the share of female students increased by almost ten percentage points in the 2004–2011 period. The share of female students completing education has been higher than for male students. The number of post-graduate students increased as well. In 2011, a master’s degree was obtained by 1,630 students, of whom 896 were women, accounting for 60.5 per cent. A doctoral degree was attained by 469 persons, ...more
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"An average scholarship in 2011 amounted to...EUR 220.45 for students attending tertiary education programmes. 38,521 or 55.7 per cent of women were among all scholarship-holders in 2011, of whom...18,374 or 61.3 per cent female students attending tertiary education programmes. As to the type of scholarship, the lowest share of women is found in company scholarship holders (...38.8 per cent of female tertiary programme students), while the highest share is seen in holders of Zois scholarship for talented students (...62 per cent of female tertiary programme students)" (33)
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

“One percent of women and 8% of men have no education. Advanced education is relatively rare; only 9% of women and 8% of men have more than secondary education” (32).
Sept. 15, 2016, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-DATA-1

In Table 12 on page 29, titled “Number of Community College Graduates by Sex 2000-2012”, measures graduates disaggregated by sex by the 1,000’s. In 2000, 430 men graduated from community college and 1,100 women graduated. In 2012, 492 men graduated and 1,156 women had graduated (29)
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:45 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

“Education is widespread in the Philippines. Only 5 percent of the population age 6 and over have no formal education and around 40 percent have completed high school or have some college” (7). “Among females and males aged six years and over, only around 5 percent have no formal education, while about two in five attended or completed elementary education, more than three in ten attended or completed high school, and more than one in five attended or completed college or some other form of higher education” (17). “Younger women have reached higher levels of schooling than older women. For example, women age 20-24 have the highest percentage with at ...more
Aug. 23, 2016, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Parents give the most attention to their sons and send them to school until the higher level of education because they believe that only sons have a right to education and will be in the best position in the future to provide benefits for the family...Many families have insufficient financial resources to support their daughters to school. Families are concerned about saving money for traditional ceremonies but do not spend the money for their daughters to continue their studies through university" (37).
Aug. 15, 2016, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Recent research on the quota system [which has been implemented locally and is being considered being implemented in Parliament] has revealed that it has changed perceptions of women’s abilities, improved women’s electoral chances, and raised aspirations and educational attainment for adolescent girls"(para 3)."In addition, women in India get reservation or preferential treatments in education and jobs. Its opponents consider this preferential treatment of women in India as discrimination against them in admissions to schools, colleges, and universities. For instance, several law schools in India have a 30% reservation for females. A segment of feminists in India are strongly in favour of providing preferential precedence to women in order to create ...more
Aug. 5, 2016, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"As a result of sensitization on gender issues, a number of parents currently assign household tasks to their children and have them enrolled in school without taking their gender into consideration" (11).
July 27, 2016, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

“There has been an increase in the proportions of men and women who have completed secondary or higher education since 2007. For men, the proportion has increased from 12 percent to 15 percent, and for women it has increased from 7 percent to 10 percent in 2011” (23). “The proportions of men and women with no education are lower in urban areas (17 percent of men and 22 percent of women) than in rural areas (27 percent of men and 32 percent of women), while the proportions who have completed secondary or higher schooling are greater in urban areas (26 percent of men and 19 percent of women) than in ...more
July 19, 2016, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"With regard to tertiary education, the Government Assistance for Tuition Expenses programme (GATE) covers 100% of the tuition expenses for undergraduate programmes and 50% for postgraduate programmes at all accredited tertiary level institutions. This has allowed access to tertiary education to increase from 7% in 2000 to approximately 40% in 2012. The 2012-2013 Annual Report for the University of the West Indies (UWI), St. Augustine recorded that the total number of students for on-campus enrolment was 19,017. The percentage of T&T students for on-campus enrolment was reported as 90.4%. The comparative distribution of on-campus enrolment by gender for 2012/2013 was 64% females and 36% males. Females have extended their options, ...more