The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-2

May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"There were significant differences among ethnic groups in the educational opportunities available to boys and girls. Although the government’s policy was to inform ethnic groups about the benefits of education for all children, some ethnic groups considered education for girls neither necessary nor beneficial" (21).
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Iran’s view, found in its constitution, that because women have smaller brains than men, they are intellectually inferior to men and not able to benefit from education is laughable, given their own statistics. Women and girls were greatly benefited by the government’s literacy campaign, and by 2009, made up more than half of the students in Iranian colleges and universities. This happened in spite of the fact that women are prevented from entering certain fields of study not deemed appropriate to their gender [...] In fact, a quota system to displace top women candidates and give their spots to men was initiated in 2010, by making seventy additional fields of...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"In addition to the two universities (Abdou Moumouni University in Niamey and the Islamic University of Say), there are three University Institutes of Technology (IUT) in Tahoua, Maradi and Zinder, universities of applied sciences (ENAM, EMIG, EAMAC, NPHS, AGRHYMET), and research centres (INRAN, CRISAT, ISRH, IRI, IREM). Another phenomenon of note is the proliferation of private-sector training schools and institutes of higher learning" (pg 16).
Feb. 7, 2018, noon
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"...the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of traditional stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and society, which overemphasize the traditional roles of women as mothers and spouses and continue to affect their educational and professional choices" (4).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Economic equality between women and men. Women and men are to have the same opportunities and conditions with regard to education and paid work that provide lifelong economic independence" (page 4). "Under Chapter 1, Section 5 of the Higher Education Act higher education institutions shall always take account of and promote equality between women and men in their activities. As part of this task higher education institutions shall work for a more equal gender distribution and counter harassment among staff and students" (page 36).
Dec. 28, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Four in every five respondents say women should have the same opportunities as men in education" (para 4). "The survey reveals that those who have some level of education are more likely to support women’s rights, compared to those with no formal education. Afghans who have a higher education (college or above) are more likely to say that women should have the same opportunities as men in education" (para 7). Figure 2 (Support for Women's Rights by Gender) shows that 85% of women support gender equality in access to education, versus 76% of men.
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

At 3:54 Razia says "If I’d stayed in my village I would still be studying. I would be in Class 8. There, for schooling no money is required. Here, without money no one can go to school. If the girls can’t go to school, they still make an effort for the boys" (ENB-Coder Comment).At 9:31 of the video Razia's teacher says "Razia was my student from class 1. She picked up everything I taught her right away. The girls are good students , but their parents can’t leave them behind on their own. After class 5 or 6, when the girls can’t study anymore, the marriage proposals start and then...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights (ECWR) strongly condemns the statements of the two MPs addressing women. The first MP released a statement calling for female university students to undergo mandatory virginity tests and to submit what proves their virginity. He added that this virginity test should be conducted every year as a condition for the female university students to get their university ID. He claims that this procedure will reduce ‘urfi marriage. After few days another MP announces that he is currently working on a draft law calling for female students at the vocational schools to undergo mandatory virginity tests as well, using words that are abusive for all...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Take-home rations for pupils can be particularly effective in improving girls’ school enrollment. This strategy was used in Afghanistan, where the gender parity index (the enrollment of girls in schools as compared to boys) remains very low, at 0.35 in 2008 (WFP 2012, p. 32). There has been significant improvement since the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001, but cultural and religious norms, lack of separate sanitation facilities, and security concerns continue to have strong effects"(62)
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"[Iman] Assaf blamed the spread of unemployment among women on the Israeli occupation, which erects checkpoints between cities in the West Bank, thus undermining Palestinians’ movements, the marginalization of Palestinian women, their isolation in some remote areas and discrimination between the two genders in employment. In addition, the quality of university education women receive is sometimes not in line with the job market requirements"(para 7)
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"But Nidhi Gupta from the Takshashila Institute, a thinktank, said the law was a step in the right direction despite its limitations.She said: 'Women bring as much skill and talent to the table as men do. We go to the best schools, best colleges, as we are as talented and skilled as men are. So why should we be excluded'"(para 20-21)
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Saleh justifies the stress that the Nubian culture lays on Nubian women marrying Nubian men, saying, 'Part of the Nubian heritage is collapsing, with the demise of the language, and so the society is attempting to preserve its existence through its customs and traditions.' She noted that "Nubian men think it’s preferable for a Nubian woman to marry the son of a [Nubian] security guard rather than the son of a non-Nubian minister, [even if it means] a Nubian woman with a Ph.D. might end up marrying a Nubian man who hasn't even graduated middle school'"(para 10)."She [Wahibah Saleh] believes that the internet has succeeded in changing Nubians in a...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, MULV-PRACTICE-1, MULV-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Like many women, I always thought that after university and finding some financial stability, I would marry and have children. I guess the fact that I grew up in a progressive and supportive family made me forget that the experiences of Afghan women are unlike those of many women around the world. I forgot, for a second, that as a woman unless you can have children, your education, career, and marriage are considered meaningless. I was not prepared for feeling that in the eyes of my community, my only worth as a woman is to bear children in the end"(para 2)."Conceiving soon after marriage is highly glorified in Afghan society....more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Omaima Hoshan [living in a refugee camp in Jordan since 2012 but originally from Syria], 14, wasn’t really aware of early marriage until her best friend dropped out of school in the fifth grade. Omaima was very concerned. Her friend was an excellent student — the best in their class — and had always dreamed about becoming a doctor, so why would she leave school? Omaima learned from the teacher that her friend had married her 18-year-old cousin under pressure from her father. The girl hadn’t even turned 13 yet. Omaima never saw her again.From that day, Omaima noticed more girls leaving school as young as 12, 13 or 14...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Omaima Hoshan [living in a refugee camp in Jordan since 2012 but originally from Syria], 14, wasn’t really aware of early marriage until her best friend dropped out of school in the fifth grade. Omaima was very concerned. Her friend was an excellent student — the best in their class — and had always dreamed about becoming a doctor, so why would she leave school? Omaima learned from the teacher that her friend had married her 18-year-old cousin under pressure from her father. The girl hadn’t even turned 13 yet. Omaima never saw her again.From that day, Omaima noticed more girls leaving school as young as 12, 13 or 14...more
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The ratio of men and women in the labor force in the Solomon Islands has remained relatively stagnant over the past decade, largely a product of gender inequalities in education, training, household responsibilities, and cultural attitudes about the role of women"(para 3)
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"In the Maasai community, as soon as a girl undergoes circumcision, she is considered a woman and, typically, no longer has to listen to her parents. She is now ready for marriage, no matter her age. As she is now a woman, she is also expected to leave school, which leads to fewer opportunities for girls and creates major barriers to gender equity"(para 9)."According to the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, female genital mutilation has declined from 38 percent of the country’s female population in 2008 to 21 percent in 2015"(para 19)."Rose Lenkanai, who is now married with two children, recalls her experience at the age of 13. 'It’s...more
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"In Peshawar, she [Jamila Afghani] enrolled in master’s-level classes in Islamic studies and began learning Arabic"(para 7)."'Everything was always a discrimination in our family,' says [Jamila] Afghani, who observed how her brothers behaved with their wives. 'They were educated women, but my brothers stopped them from continuing their education and working,' she recounts. 'I thought, if [my brothers] can go outside, why not my sisters-in-law'"(para 9). Jamila and her family moved from Afghanistan to Pakistan when she was in fifth grade (ENB-Coder Comment)
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"But in one neighborhood in the city, an imam has kept the doors of his mosque open to women for 12 years now. He often preaches about women’s rights in Islam – that women are equal to men and have the right to work and study"(para 1)."The sermons delivered by imams about the importance of education have also helped many women persuade their families to let them study. In fact, some 6,000 imams in Afghanistan have participated in Afghani’s training program"(para 4)."'Everything was always a discrimination in our family,' says [Jamila] Afghani, who observed how her brothers behaved with their wives. 'They were educated women, but my brothers stopped them...more
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Son you should focus on your studies instead of wasting your time playing on your phone at all times. You need to study hard! After all, you will be the one who shall take care of us when we are old and eventually inherit our property". The father tells his son this at 0:01. He also has a daughter (ENB-Coder Comment)
Aug. 9, 2017, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Whatever my daughter wants to do in education, sports, or any other skill I will give my all for that". This statement was made by Saima's mother Sameema at 2:07 (ENB-Coder Comment)
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-DATA-1

"Women enjoy the same legal rights as men, including civil liberties, employment, commercial activity, and education. In 2013 women made up 51.6 percent of university graduates and 42.5 percent of professionals, managers, executives, and technicians" (21).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The enrollment of girls was lower in rural areas, where poverty and cultural factors often led parents to decide against sending their daughters to school" (22).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Gender disparity is significantly high in higher education (university level). In 2001, among the total students in the public universities, only 24.3 percent were female students whereas the male enrollment comprises almost three times higher (75.7 percent) than that of the female. It is also observed that over the years, both male and female enrollment in the university level is increasing with a slower rate. In the recent time, the rate at which the female enrollment in the primary level is increasing, the enrollment in higher education is not increasing at the same pace" (5,11).This trend indicates a societal attitude that values men's university education over women's (KH- CODER COMMENT).more
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"But the marriage slump — caused in large part by China’s aging population and the legacy of its harsh one-child policy — has a silver lining. It also stems from the rise of an educated population of women. Specialists in economics, demography and sociology say some of those women are delaying marriage to build careers and establish financial footing, resulting in a more empowered female population that no longer views marriage as the only route to security" (para 5). "China still faces yawning gaps in wages and employment between men and women, according to surveys. But women made up more than half of undergraduate students in 2014, compared with about...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Engaging Saudi women in the economy is vital as they currently outnumber men in higher education and will be key to weaning the country off oil" (para 11). This indicates improved attitudes regarding the importance of college education for women (KH- CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, MULV-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

“Union officials reported that sectors employing predominantly women, such as secretarial work, offered wages below the official minimum wage of 190 JD ($266) per month. Many women said traditional social pressures discouraged them from pursuing professional careers, especially after marriage. According to the Jordanian National Commission for Women, half of the country’s university graduates were women, but women comprised only 13 percent of the labor force” (45).
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-DATA-1

“According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights/UN Development Program-supported NGO Coalition, while 55 percent of students in higher education institutions were women, in the workplace they earned only half the average monthly salaries of men. As a result many women sought employment outside the country” (51).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, AFE-PRACTICE-2

“Women constituted a growing proportion of graduates of higher education and of the workforce. Nonetheless, they remained underrepresented in management and generally earned less than their male counterparts” (14).
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"As in previous years, female students have continued to prevail in higher vocational colleges, higher education institutions and universities offering programmes of health care, social work and education. A change was recorded in study programmes in the areas of science, mathematics and computer science, where the share of female students increased by almost ten percentage points in the 2004–2011 period. The share of female students completing education has been higher than for male students. The number of post-graduate students increased as well. In 2011, a master’s degree was obtained by 1,630 students, of whom 896 were women, accounting for 60.5 per cent. A doctoral degree was attained by 469 persons,...more