The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-2

Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"It is concerned about the recent decision by the Council for Higher Education to expand segregated campuses and introduce fully segregated classrooms within universities" (pg. 3) Segregated classrooms result in unbalanced resources and quality of education (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "The fact that women remain underrepresented in high-level academic positions and in scientific fields" (pg. 13)
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Nigerian women still have unequal access to higher education, about 37% of the total UI student body was female at the time of the research presented in this article. Moreover, as the research found, part of the lived experience of being a woman on a Nigerian university campus is being portrayed and treated as subordinate. This subordination is ostensibly due to 'traditional culture,' as well as social and familial factors which view women as inherently fragile, dependent on male protection and requiring surveillance and control" (para 4).
Jan. 9, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"'By attending the Safe Space programme Illimin, I found the motivation to return to school,' says Fati, unable to suppress a large smile. 'It helped me to gain confidence in myself. It has also re-awakened my lifelong dream to study and have a career. A dream that was shattered by my father'" (para 8)."Fati’s and Aichatou’s stories of forced marriage are common in Niger, which, at 75 per cent, has the world’s highest rate of child marriage and, at 10 per cent, one of its lowest rates of girls enrolled in secondary school." (para 9).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The Lao PDR made progress related to MDG2 (Achieve Universal Primary Education), reflected through the indicators such as net enrolment rate in primary education, survival rate to Grade 5 of primary education, gross enrolment rate in lower secondary education, gross enrolment rate in upper secondary education and index for gender equality between boys and girls at ages 3-5. With regard to pre-school and primary education, gender equality would be achieved by 2015. A big gap will still remain however on gender equality at higher education" (Pg 26-27).
Jan. 2, 2019, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"When Ameera Ahmad Harouda began working as a fixer in Gaza in 2005, she was the first woman in a man's world. Since then, an increasing number of women have entered the profession, by choice or necessity, or some degree of both. They are young, English-speaking, educated, ambitious – in a society where one fifth of the population has a higher education qualification, but youth unemployment has reached 60 percent, and women remain less likely to find work after university" (para 2).
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned that the representation of women in… higher education… remains extremely weak." (8). "The Committee is further concerned about the overall low number of women pursuing tertiary education, in particular in non-traditional fields of study, which limits their access to the employment market and their opportunities therein" (9).
Oct. 31, 2018, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, ASR-PRACTICE-1

"For more than a decade, investigators found, the school (Tokyo Medical University) had systematically altered entrance-exam scores to restrict the number of female students and to award admission to less-qualified male applicants. The supposed rationale, that female doctors are prone to leave the profession after marriage or childbirth, only inflamed a national debate on gender inequality" (para. 1).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"A catalyst of social change, Ms. Rashid said, is the growing number of Saudi women who are graduating from college, traveling abroad on scholarships and entering the work force" (para 19).
Sept. 20, 2018, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Mrs. Khanzadi, 23, wife of Mehboob Ali Lohr, resident of Jacobabad, Sindh, was stopped by her family members from pursuing her education after 12th Grade" (para 2). Women may receive pressure from families to get married instead of futhering their education (KYK - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"...the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of traditional stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and society, which overemphasize the traditional roles of women as mothers and spouses and continue to affect their educational and professional choices" (4).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"In much of the country, education has been traditionally less valued for women than men. Recent government policies encouraging girls to go to school have contributed to increases in school attendance by girls" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"While women have equal rights under the law, they were only slowly emerging from a traditional culture characterized by male dominance, a general reluctance to educate women, and a widespread belief that women should devote themselves primarily to childbearing" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"There were significant differences among ethnic groups in the educational opportunities available to boys and girls. Although the government’s policy was to inform ethnic groups about the benefits of education for all children, some ethnic groups considered education for girls neither necessary nor beneficial" (21).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

“Traveller, Roma and migrant women and girls have low levels of education” (10)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned (see CEDAW/C/MLI/CO/5, para. 27) at the extremely low completion rate for girls at the secondary level owing to, among other things, . . . a preference for sending boys to school, resulting in a very high illiteracy rate (76 per cent) among women in the State party" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

“[There are] high dropout rates among girls from [the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities], especially at the secondary level of education” (9)
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Iran’s view, found in its constitution, that because women have smaller brains than men, they are intellectually inferior to men and not able to benefit from education is laughable, given their own statistics. Women and girls were greatly benefited by the government’s literacy campaign, and by 2009, made up more than half of the students in Iranian colleges and universities. This happened in spite of the fact that women are prevented from entering certain fields of study not deemed appropriate to their gender [...] In fact, a quota system to displace top women candidates and give their spots to men was initiated in 2010, by making seventy additional fields of...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"In addition to the two universities (Abdou Moumouni University in Niamey and the Islamic University of Say), there are three University Institutes of Technology (IUT) in Tahoua, Maradi and Zinder, universities of applied sciences (ENAM, EMIG, EAMAC, NPHS, AGRHYMET), and research centres (INRAN, CRISAT, ISRH, IRI, IREM). Another phenomenon of note is the proliferation of private-sector training schools and institutes of higher learning" (pg 16).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Economic equality between women and men. Women and men are to have the same opportunities and conditions with regard to education and paid work that provide lifelong economic independence" (page 4). "Under Chapter 1, Section 5 of the Higher Education Act higher education institutions shall always take account of and promote equality between women and men in their activities. As part of this task higher education institutions shall work for a more equal gender distribution and counter harassment among staff and students" (page 36).
Dec. 28, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Four in every five respondents say women should have the same opportunities as men in education" (para 4). "The survey reveals that those who have some level of education are more likely to support women’s rights, compared to those with no formal education. Afghans who have a higher education (college or above) are more likely to say that women should have the same opportunities as men in education" (para 7). Figure 2 (Support for Women's Rights by Gender) shows that 85% of women support gender equality in access to education, versus 76% of men.
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

At 3:54 Razia says "If I’d stayed in my village I would still be studying. I would be in Class 8. There, for schooling no money is required. Here, without money no one can go to school. If the girls can’t go to school, they still make an effort for the boys" (ENB-Coder Comment).At 9:31 of the video Razia's teacher says "Razia was my student from class 1. She picked up everything I taught her right away. The girls are good students , but their parents can’t leave them behind on their own. After class 5 or 6, when the girls can’t study anymore, the marriage proposals start and then...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights (ECWR) strongly condemns the statements of the two MPs addressing women. The first MP released a statement calling for female university students to undergo mandatory virginity tests and to submit what proves their virginity. He added that this virginity test should be conducted every year as a condition for the female university students to get their university ID. He claims that this procedure will reduce ‘urfi marriage. After few days another MP announces that he is currently working on a draft law calling for female students at the vocational schools to undergo mandatory virginity tests as well, using words that are abusive for all...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Take-home rations for pupils can be particularly effective in improving girls’ school enrollment. This strategy was used in Afghanistan, where the gender parity index (the enrollment of girls in schools as compared to boys) remains very low, at 0.35 in 2008 (WFP 2012, p. 32). There has been significant improvement since the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001, but cultural and religious norms, lack of separate sanitation facilities, and security concerns continue to have strong effects"(62)
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"[Iman] Assaf blamed the spread of unemployment among women on the Israeli occupation, which erects checkpoints between cities in the West Bank, thus undermining Palestinians’ movements, the marginalization of Palestinian women, their isolation in some remote areas and discrimination between the two genders in employment. In addition, the quality of university education women receive is sometimes not in line with the job market requirements"(para 7)
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"But Nidhi Gupta from the Takshashila Institute, a thinktank, said the law was a step in the right direction despite its limitations.She said: 'Women bring as much skill and talent to the table as men do. We go to the best schools, best colleges, as we are as talented and skilled as men are. So why should we be excluded'"(para 20-21)
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Saleh justifies the stress that the Nubian culture lays on Nubian women marrying Nubian men, saying, 'Part of the Nubian heritage is collapsing, with the demise of the language, and so the society is attempting to preserve its existence through its customs and traditions.' She noted that "Nubian men think it’s preferable for a Nubian woman to marry the son of a [Nubian] security guard rather than the son of a non-Nubian minister, [even if it means] a Nubian woman with a Ph.D. might end up marrying a Nubian man who hasn't even graduated middle school'"(para 10)."She [Wahibah Saleh] believes that the internet has succeeded in changing Nubians in a...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, MULV-PRACTICE-1, MULV-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Like many women, I always thought that after university and finding some financial stability, I would marry and have children. I guess the fact that I grew up in a progressive and supportive family made me forget that the experiences of Afghan women are unlike those of many women around the world. I forgot, for a second, that as a woman unless you can have children, your education, career, and marriage are considered meaningless. I was not prepared for feeling that in the eyes of my community, my only worth as a woman is to bear children in the end"(para 2)."Conceiving soon after marriage is highly glorified in Afghan society....more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Omaima Hoshan [living in a refugee camp in Jordan since 2012 but originally from Syria], 14, wasn’t really aware of early marriage until her best friend dropped out of school in the fifth grade. Omaima was very concerned. Her friend was an excellent student — the best in their class — and had always dreamed about becoming a doctor, so why would she leave school? Omaima learned from the teacher that her friend had married her 18-year-old cousin under pressure from her father. The girl hadn’t even turned 13 yet. Omaima never saw her again.From that day, Omaima noticed more girls leaving school as young as 12, 13 or 14...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Omaima Hoshan [living in a refugee camp in Jordan since 2012 but originally from Syria], 14, wasn’t really aware of early marriage until her best friend dropped out of school in the fifth grade. Omaima was very concerned. Her friend was an excellent student — the best in their class — and had always dreamed about becoming a doctor, so why would she leave school? Omaima learned from the teacher that her friend had married her 18-year-old cousin under pressure from her father. The girl hadn’t even turned 13 yet. Omaima never saw her again.From that day, Omaima noticed more girls leaving school as young as 12, 13 or 14...more
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The ratio of men and women in the labor force in the Solomon Islands has remained relatively stagnant over the past decade, largely a product of gender inequalities in education, training, household responsibilities, and cultural attitudes about the role of women"(para 3)