The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-DATA-2

July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"Notwithstanding the solemn promise of the article, the reality appears to be a stark contrast. Bangladesh is one of the countries scoring highest (or lowest, depending on how one sees it) rate of child marriage. A whopping 66% of the girls are married off before 18 years of age. More alarmingly, 18% are married off before they are 15 years old (Unicef, 2015)" (14).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"Approximately 33 percent of girls below the age of 18 were married, and 8.6 percent before the age of 15" (p. 15).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"A UNICEF survey covering the years 2005-13 found that 21 percent of women from ages 20 to 24 had married before the age of 18 and 2 percent had married before the age of 15" (p. 19).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AOM-DATA-2, ADDL-DATA-1

"The Committee notes with concern that many discriminatory laws and provisions remain in the national legislation, such as different definitions of 'girl child' and 'boy child' in various acts" (3).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Of 165 Romani women interviewed, 150 said they were married before the age of 18 or were forced into marriage by their family at 18" (page 24).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

The legal age of marriage is 16 for boys and girls with parental consent and 21 without consent. There is no minimum age under customary law. According to the ZDHS, 45 percent of married women ages 25-49 were married by age 18. Prevalence was highest in rural areas. The government, parliamentarians, civil society organizations, and donors worked together to fight early and forced marriages. The Ministries of Chiefs and Traditional Affairs and Gender and Child Development, in collaboration with traditional leaders, NGOs, diplomatic missions, and other stakeholders, increasingly spoke out against early and forced marriages. Some leaders nullified forced and early marriages and placed the girls removed in school. In...more
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18, but authorities did not enforce the law. Marriage of underage girls by parental arrangement was common, particularly in rural areas. Local NGOs and the police Family and Children Unit reported some parents arranged such marriages or sexual arrangements for girls as young as 12 due to poverty. According to the UNFPA, the prevalence rate of early and forced marriage was approximately 46 percent for girls 15 and older. UNICEF’s 2015 State of the Children report estimated 10 percent of girls were married before age 15" (Pg 32).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to women’s rights groups and officials from the Ministry of Women, Family, and Childhood, child marriage was a significant problem, particularly in the more rural areas in the south, east, and northeast. The ministry conducted educational campaigns to address the problem. In November the government dissolved 12 child marriages in the region of Kolda. For additional information, see Appendix C" (page 18).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to the NGO League of Women of Creative Initiative, 2,000-3,000 early and forced marriages occurred annually" (p. 33).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for girls and 20 for boys, although both may marry under these ages with parental consent. According to a 2015 UNICEF report, 25 percent of women ages 20-24 were married or in a union before age 18, and 6 percent were married or in union before age 15. The practice significantly declined in recent years. Rates were highest in the Savannah Region at 61 percent, followed by the Plateau Region at 37 percent, Kara Region at 36 percent, Central Region at 31 percent, and the Maritime Region at 29 percent" (Pg 13).
July 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Although a marriage may not be registered until the youngest spouse is at least age 16, cultural, religious and civil marriages were recognized in the civil code. Cultural pressure to marry, especially if a girl or woman becomes pregnant, is strong. Underage couples may not officially marry, but are often married de facto once they have children together. Forced marriage rarely occurred, although reports indicated that social pressure sometimes encouraged victims of rape to marry their attacker or persons to enter into an arranged marriage where a bride price is paid According to the most recent information from UNICEF (2010), an estimated 19 percent of girls married prior to the...more
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to data released by the Albanian Institute of Statistics, the number of early marriages (under the age of 19) decreased significantly in 2016 from 2015" (page 19).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-2

"There were no reliable statistics on the extent of child marriage, but child advocates reported it remained a problem, especially in rural areas. According to UNICEF estimates, 12 percent of women ages 20 to 24 were first married or in a union before they were 15, and 34 percent were married before reaching 18. In October the first lady issued a statement during International Day of the Girl expressing concern about early and forced marriages and announcing a government initiative that would be launched to tackle the issue" (Pg 68).
June 28, 2019, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The minimum legal age for marriage is 18 for both men and women, although girls may marry at age 16 with parental consent. According to the 2006-07 Demographic Health Survey, 11 percent of women between the ages 20 and 24 reported being married or in a union before age 18. The Ministry of Women and Children’s Affairs conducted programs in many districts to educate the public at the village level on the complications that may result from early marriage. In a 2013 study, Emerging Concerns and Case Studies on Child Marriage in Sri Lanka, the UN Children’s Fund documented a growing list of human rights concerns, especially for young girls,...more
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The law provides that every child has the right to protection from early marriage but does not explicitly prohibit marriage before age 18. Child marriage was common. According to the Ministry of Gender, nearly half of all girls and young women between the ages of 15 and 19 were married, and some brides were as young as 12 years old. Early marriage sometimes reflected efforts by men to avoid rape charges, which a married woman cannot bring against her husband. In other cases families of rape victims encouraged marriage to the rapist to avoid public shaming. Many abducted girls, often repeatedly subjected to rape (see section 1.g.), were forced into...more
June 26, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"The National Statistics Commission estimated that 15 percent of married women between the ages of 25 and 49 married before age 18, and 1 percent under the age of 15" (p. 24).
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The provisional federal constitution does not specify a minimum legal age for marriage. It notes marriage requires the free consent of both the man and woman to be legal. Early marriages frequently occurred; 45 percent of women between the ages of 20 and 24 were married by age 18, and 8 percent were married by age 15. In rural areas parents often compelled daughters as young as 12 to marry. In areas under its control, al-Shabaab arranged compulsory marriages between its soldiers and young girls and used the lure of marriage as a recruitment tool. There were no known efforts by the government or regional authorities to prevent early and...more
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"Forty-four percent of women reported being married by the age of 18, and 18 percent by the age of 15. Prevalence of early marriage was highest in the North. UNICEF supported the government in addressing child marriage issues at the local level through awareness raising and training of communities and stakeholders, and supporting the development of by-laws" (Pg 23).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to a separate MICS report that focused on these communities, approximately 12 percent of children, mostly girls, married before the age of 15" (p. 25).
June 24, 2019, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to 2010 data from UNFPA, 55 percent of women between ages 20 and 24 were married by age 18" (p. 23).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"Many young girls and women were victims of forced marriages arranged by their families. Although forced marriage is a criminal offense and many cases were filed, prosecution remained a problem. In 2012 the Family Planning Association of Pakistan estimated that child marriages constituted 30 percent of marriages. In rural areas poor parents sometimes sold their daughters into marriage, in some cases to settle debts or disputes (see section 6)" (Pg 48).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The law sets a minimum age of 18 years for marriage for both boys and girls. According to the 2013 NDHS, 43 percent of women between ages 20 and 24 reported being married or in a union before age 18, and 17 percent reported being married or in a union before age 15. Fewer than half the country’s state assemblies adopted the Child Rights Act of 2003, which sets the minimum marriage age, and most states, especially northern states, did not uphold the federal official minimum age for marriage. The government engaged religious leaders, emirs, and sultans on the problem, pointing out the health hazards and improving their awareness of...more
June 13, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to the Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2013/2014, 31 percent of women ages 20-24 were married before 18" (p. 19).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2, MABFC-DATA-1

"The law allows a girl deemed to be “sufficiently mature” to marry at 15. Some families entered into marriage agreements under which rural girls 12 or even younger were sent to their husband’s families to be under the “supervision” of their mothers-in-law. According to UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), 28 percent of women ages 20-24 married before age 15 and 76 percent married before age 18. According to the 2012 DHS, 36 percent of women 20-24 years old were first married or in union before they were 15 years old. Prevalence of child marriage was highest in the south, in the Diffa, Zinder, Maradi, and Tahoua regions. The Ministry...more
June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"UNICEF estimates that 17 percent of girls in Iran are married before reaching the age of 18 and in roughly 20 percent of those below the age of 15 are married to men at least ten years older. However, experts assert that the number may be significantly higher because many families don’t register underage marriages, especially in border areas and poverty-stricken parts of the country" (para 3).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to the most recent information from UNICEF (2015), an estimated 19 percent of girls married prior to the age of 18" (p. 15).
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to UNICEF’s State of the World’s Children 2017 report, 6 percent of women aged 20-24 years old were first married before they were 18" (p. 24).
June 3, 2019, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to UNICEF, 39% of girls are married by 18 years of age, with 9.7% married by 15" (Pg 34).
June 3, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to UNICEF, 39.0% of women are married by 18 years of age, while 16.4% are married by 15, and only 43.6% have secondary education. Child marriage is more prevalent in the Northern areas (more details and statistics are given below)" (Pg 29). "An ICRW study conducted in 2003 estimates that 43.3% of women below the age of 18 are married. Another study estimates that 20% of girls were married by age 15.113 Child marriage is extremely prevalent in some regions; in the Northwest region, 48% of girls were married by age 15, and 78 per cent were married by age 18. Although the practice of polygyny is decreasing in...more
June 3, 2019, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"In 2012 alone, at least 1,537 girls below the age of 10 were forced to marry. During the same year, 29,827 girls between the ages of 10 and 14 faced the same fate. Experts believe Islamic Republic officials clearly do not want attention drawn to marriages involving girls younger than 13 because official statistics are not categorized according to age. This point of negligence is considered an intentional miscarriage of justice by authorities aware that marriages involving girls below the age of 13 are contingent on a judge’s permission" (Pg 26).