The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-LAW-1

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law provides that the minimum ages for marriage are 18 for men and 17 for women"(14)
Nov. 6, 2017, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The number of child marriages has been falling, but every state in America still allows underage girls to marry, typically with the consent of parents, a judge or both. Twenty-seven states do not even set a minimum age by statute, according to the Tahirih Justice Center’s Forced Marriage Initiative" (para 9). "In New Hampshire, a girl scout named Cassandra Levesque learned that girls in her state could marry at 13" (para 11). "New Jersey lawmakers passed a bill that would make their state the first in the country to ban marriages of people under 18, but Gov. Chris Christie this month blocked the legislation. New York legislators are considering a ...more
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Zimbabwe is yet to come up with laws to criminalize child marriages despite last year’s court ruling that outlawed the practice by striking out section 22(1) of the Marriage Act which allowed under-aged marriage in contravention of section 78(1) of the Constitution which sets 18 years as the minimum age" (para 18).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:49 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"The parliament of Chad in December last year adopted a reform of its penal code which raises the legal marriage age from 16 to 18. Chadian President Idriss Deby also promulgated a law that punishes any person party to the marriage of a minor by 5 to 10 years prison sentence and a fine of 500,000 to 5 million FCFA (750 to 7,500 euros)" (para 16-17).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:43 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"This year, Malawi joined the likes of Gambia and Tanzania to ban child marriage after it raised the legal marriage age to 18...Former Gambian President Yahya Jammeh prohibited the practice which is now punishable by twenty years imprisonment" (para 12-14).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"This year, Malawi joined the likes of Gambia and Tanzania to ban child marriage after it raised the legal marriage age to 18. Perpetrators of child marriages in Malawi commit an offense punishable by five years imprisonment and a fine of about $143" (para 12-13).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Tanzania’s Attorney General George Masaju has appealed against a July 2016 ruling by the High Court raising the marriage age for girls from 15 to 18. The court struck out the Sections 13 and 17 of the Law of Marriage Act that allowed girls to marry at the age of 14 and 15, and then 18 years for boys after it was petitioned by girls’ rights advocate Rebeca Gyumi" (para 1-2). "The outdated law allowed girls to marry at the age of fourteen with the consent of the court, and from the age of fifteen with the consent of their parents" (para 7). "In Tanzania, a court ruled as unconstitutional ...more
Oct. 30, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"the Egyptian Child Law bans marriage for girls under 18" (para 4).
Oct. 27, 2017, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"'Right now there is no national minimum age of marriage in the United States. Virginia passed legislation recently which has won some headlines talking about how it is one of the first states to pass this age of 18 minimum for young women who are looking to get married and young men'" (1). This from an interview with Gayle Tzemach Lemmon at 1:36 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 27, 2017, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Advocates I had met back in 2012 and 2013 had taken their fight to the statehouse and begun to lobby and to push to change state laws, since age of marriage laws in the United States are decided at the state level. In the case of Virginia, a new law establishing 18 as the state’s minimum age of marriage came about after months of work by some of the folks in our PBS NewsHour series" (para 15).
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Though he [Chechnya’s dictator Ramzan Kadyrov] officially bans under-age marriage and bridal abduction, cases of local security servicemen forcing very young girls into marriages, and as second or de facto temporary wives have been reported. Women’s activists told me that parents are afraid their daughters be seen in public, especially in the evenings, for fear of them being noticed by people in positions of power. Families cannot resist pressure from powerful security types who may seek to take them for marriage"(para 16)
Oct. 24, 2017, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"it is one of the few countries where there is no legal minimum age for marriage" (para 5).
Oct. 20, 2017, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, AOM-LAW-1

"Yemeni law does not set a legal age for marriage, nor does it criminalize marital rape" (para 11).
Oct. 17, 2017, 7:36 a.m.
Countries: Chad, Guatemala, Ireland, Malawi
Variables: AOM-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2015, four countries raised the age of marriage to 18: Chad, Guatemala, Ireland, and Malawi" (para 3).
Oct. 11, 2017, 11 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"A law introduced in Mexico in 2014 set the minimum legal age for marriage at 18 for both men and women, but many states do not comply, or make exceptions. In some areas, civil guidance states the minimum age is 14 for girls and 16 for boys" (9).
Oct. 11, 2017, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"This month, Malaysia’s lower house amended the country’s Child Act 2001 without banning all marriage by girls and boys under the age of 18, as called for by several members of parliament and rights groups" (para 1). "While Malaysian civil law sets the minimum age of marriage at 18, the law is riddled with exceptions. Girls 16 and older can marry with permission of their state’s chief minister. For Muslims, Islamic law sets a 16-year minimum age for girls and permits even earlier marriages, with no apparent minimum, with the permission of a syariah court" (para 8-10).
Oct. 10, 2017, 7:36 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age of marriage in China is 20 for women and 22 for men, however child marriage has been described as a 'common' practice in rural China" (para 12).
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Although it's illegal to get married under 18 in Jordan, the practice is increasingly common among Syrian refugees. In 2015, 35% of all Jordan marriages involved a minor, up from 18% in 2012, according to the Jordanian Higher Population Council, citing statistics from the Chief Islamic Justice Department. But religious judges in Jordan may authorize marriages involving children as young as 15, provided they believe the child’s best interests are taken into account"(para 7)."Nariman’s sister, Busra, 14, said she didn’t want to get married, but when her father asked her to say yes to a boy who spotted her in school, she was afraid to say no. On what would ...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 7:39 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"It is illegal for people under the age of 18 in El Salvador to marry, but an exception was made in 1994, allowing underage girls who are pregnant to wed with parental approval" (para 2).
Aug. 31, 2017, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"According to the Civil Code, the legal minimum age for marriage is 18 years for men and for women. However, there are exceptions. Boys can marry from the age of 16 and girls from the age of 15 with permission from a judge" (para 2).
Aug. 25, 2017, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

“The usual minimum age for marriage in Germany is 18, but an exception is made for children aged 16 or over who have their parents' permission to marry. Marriages undertaken abroad can be recognized even if the person is aged under 16” (para 2-3).
Aug. 23, 2017, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

“Tanzania’s Law of Marriage Act (1971) is different for boys and girls. It allows girls to be married at 15 years old whereas boys have to be 18. Both boys and girls can marry at 14 with a court’s permission. In June 2016, Tanzania’s high court ruled this to be unconstitutional but the law has yet to be amended” (para 11). “Reform and harmonise conflicting laws, such as the Law of Marriage Act of 1971. Make it clear that marriage is only for those 18 and above. Ensure the legislation is enforced” (para 13).
Aug. 23, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

“Under a 2014 law, the minimum age for marriage in Mexico is 18 but girls can marry at age 14 and boys at age 16 with parental consent” (para 11).
Aug. 10, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The Law governing Child Marriages in Baluchistan is the Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 which stipulates the minimum lawful age of marriage for boys 18 years and for girls 16 years. The law states that a male person above the age of 18 contracting a child marriage shall be liable to imprisonment up to a maximum period of one month and or with a fine up to Rs. 1000" (10). "While the [Punjab Child Marriage Restraint] amending law stipulates harsher punishment for parents and /or guardian of the minor who is married, the act retains the minimum age of marriage of 16 years for girls and 18 years for boys" ...more
Aug. 8, 2017, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Oman 18 years old مرسوم سلطاني رقم ٩٧/٣٢ باصدار قانون الأحوال الشخصية مادة (٧): تكمل أهلية الزواج بالعقل، واتمام الثامنة عشره من العمر. مادة (9): لا يأذن القاضي بزواج المحجور عليه لسفه إلى بموافقة وليه وبعد التأكد من ملائمة الصداق لحالتة المادية فأذا امتنع الولي طلب القاضي موافقته خلال مدة يحددها له، فإن لم يعترض أو كان إعتراضه غير جدير بالاعتبار زوجة القاضي. مادة (10): 1- إذا طلب من أكمل الثامنة عشرة من عمره الزواج وامتنع وليه من تزويجه جاز له رفع الأمر إلى القاضي. ب- يحدد القاضي مدة لحضور الولي يبين خلالها أقواله فان لم يحضر أصلاً أو كان اعتراضه غير سائغ زوجه القاضي. ج- مع مراعاه أحكام الفقرة ...more
Aug. 3, 2017, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"21.06 As recorded by the website of the US State Department’s Bureau of Consular Affairs, accessed on 15 February 2008, 'Vietnamese law does not recognize common-law marriages. Authorities do issue certificates verifying cohabitation but these do not constitute legal marriages...The legal age for marriage is 20 for men, 18 for women... Divorce records are maintained by the courts where they were issued'" (42)
Aug. 3, 2017, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Response: As stated in the combined second and third periodic report, a minimum age for marriage is enshrined in Uzbek law: 18 years of age for men and 17 for women. If there are valid reasons or exceptional circumstances, the khokim of the district, city or town where the marriage is being registered may, at the request of the persons wishing to marry, reduce the age of marriage by up to one year (article 15 of the Family Code). A marriage which is contracted in violation of the minimum age requirement, by force or between persons one or both of whom is already registered as married shall be deemed invalid ...more
Aug. 3, 2017, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"382) Under the Civil Code, it is absolutely forbidden to marry before the age established by the laws of the Republic, namely, 14 for boys and 12 for girls. 383) From ages 14 to 18 and 12 to 18, respectively, the partners must obtain prior permission or authorization from their legal parents in order to marry. If the partners have no parents, the consent must be given by the closest legal adult relative or relatives in the ascending line. In the case of conflicting views, the one that favours the marriage will obtain. If a partner has no adult relatives, he must obtain the consent of his legal guardian or ...more
Aug. 3, 2017, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"12 years for girls; 14 years for boys. (CEDAW: Concluding Observations, Nov. 2008)"
Aug. 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Uruguay 12 years old...Codigo Civil 1995 91) Son impedimentos dirimentes para el matrimonio: 1º. La falta de edad requerida por las leyes de la República; esto es, catorce años cumplidos en el varón y doce cumplidos en la mujer...106) Los hijos legítimos que no hayan cumplido dieciocho años de edad necesitan para casarse el consentimiento expreso de sus padres y a falta de ambos, el del ascendiente o ascendientes en grado más próximo...NOTA: Texto dado por el art. 2º Ley Nº 16.719 de 11/10/95" Google translation: "Civil Code 1995 91) They are impediments to marriage: 1st. The lack of age required by the laws of the Republic; That is, fourteen ...more