The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-LAW-1

Jan. 18, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Malaysia permits child marriage under both civil and Islamic law. Girls age 16 and older can marry with permission of their state’s chief minister. For Muslims, most state Islamic laws set a minimum age of 16 for girls and 18 for boys, but permit marriages below those ages, with no apparent minimum, with the permission of a Sharia court. While the government announced in August that it has put in place stricter guidelines for the granting of permission for children to marry, it has not ended the practice" (para 21).
Jan. 4, 2021, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The practice of child marriage has also been overlooked in Central America, where institutionalized racism, poverty, ambiguous laws, and lack of opportunity fuel high rates in rural communities. For example, notwithstanding a legal prohibition against marriage before age eighteen in Oaxaca, Mexico, in 2010, twelve percent of adolescent girls fifteen to seventeen were married through formal or informal unions, and about 54 percent of those girls already had at least one child" (para 3).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The 1971 Marriage Act set the minimum age of marriage for girls at 15 with parental consent - but a girl of 14 could wed where judicial approval was given" (para 22).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In Pakistan, the legal age to marry is 18 for men and 16 for women. In Dadu’s province of Sindh, legislators recently raised the age to 18 for women as well, thanks in part to SSO’s campaigns" (para 6).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"According to personal status law clause 30, (The minimum age of marriage is 18 years for both male and female)" (para 25).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"In 2007, the minimum age for marriage was fixed at 15 years old for women. Sharia courts are able to make exceptions to the minimum age requirement in cases of 'urgent need'. It is ambiguous what situations constitute an 'urgent need'" (4).
Dec. 17, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-1

“Iranian laws mean girls can marry after the age of 13, though the average age of marriage for Iranian women is 23” (para. 30).
Nov. 24, 2020, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

“Tanzania's Supreme Court of Appeal on Wednesday upheld an earlier ruling banning parents from marrying off girls as young as 15. A high court ruling in 2016 had declared ‘unconstitutional’ sections of Tanzania's marriage act that allowed the practice. It also directed the government to raise the legal age of marriage to 18 years within a year” (para 1-2).
Nov. 19, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that limit the degree of involvement of rural women in development programmes and prevent them from inheriting or acquiring land and other property. It is concerned that rural women farmers are not recognized as such, because in the State party a farmer (kisan) is the person who owns land. The Committee is also concerned at the difficulties faced by rural women in gaining access to health and social services and in participating in decision-making processes at the community level... It is concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages and at the fact that the minimum age...more
Nov. 13, 2020, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party for its comprehensive Family Code, however, it is concerned that many women, particularly those married only under religious law, do not benefit from all the rights stipulated therein and are denied economic protection upon the dissolution of their unrecognized marriage. The Committee is also concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages, notwithstanding the setting of the minimum age of marriage at 18 years... concern at the high prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child marriage and bride kidnapping, and that to date, the State party has not taken sustained measures to modify or eliminate discriminatory stereotypes, negative traditional...more
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"On September 12, 2012 the government of the Republic of Armenia adopted a Draft Law ‘On Amending the Family Code of the Republic of Armenia’. According to this law, 18 years is determined as a minimum threshold of the marriage age for both men and women" (17)
Oct. 9, 2020, 8:33 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Turkey's legal age of marriage is 18 but the practice of underage weddings in religious ceremonies is widespread" (para 4). "Turkish law also allows 17-year-olds to marry with the consent of their parents or guardian, or 16-year-olds in exceptional circumstances with court approval" (para 5). "Murat Bakan, CHP's MP for Izmir, said on Twitter: 'The Turkish Civil Code clearly states that adulthood begins at the age of 18'" (para 9).
Oct. 6, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Progressive legislative reforms initiated in 2018 to further the promotion and protection of women and girls' rights included amendments to the 1964 Marriage Act, prohibiting child marriage" (para 9).
Oct. 1, 2020, 9:17 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Members of the Saudi Shoura Council on Wednesday approved fresh regulations for minor marriages that will see to outlaw marrying off 15-year-old children and force the need for court approval for those under 18" (para 1). "Chairman of the Human Rights Committee at the Shoura Council, Dr. Hadi Al-Yami, said that introduced controls were based on in-depth studies presented to the body. He pointed out that the regulation, vetted by the Islamic Affairs Committee at the Shoura Council, has raised the age of marriage to 18 and prohibited it for those under 15" (para 2). "Wedlock for those within the 15-18 age group will be subject to regulations and must...more
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In August, the national assembly's standing committee on law and justice rejected a bill proposing to fix the minimum age of marriage of girls at 18" (para 19).
Sept. 28, 2020, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"During 2019, Zimbabwe's Parliament debated a marriage bill, first introduced in January 2017, which is seen as a long-awaited chance for parliament to reconcile the country's marriage laws with its constitution. The proposed marriage law, which parliament has yet to finalize at time of writing, seeks to outlaw child marriage" (para 9). "Three years after Zimbabwe's Constitutional Court declared child marriage unconstitutional and set 18 as the minimum marriage age, the government has not put structures in place to implement the court's decision and ensure that girls under 18 are not forced into marriage. Zimbabwe's 2013 Constitution states that 'no person may be compelled to enter marriage against their will'...more
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In September, parliament revised the 1974 marriage law, raising the minimum age of marriage for girls and boys with parental consent from 16 to 19, but retaining a clause that allows courts to authorize marriages of girls below 19, with no minimum age restriction" (para 12).
Sept. 21, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The Law on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW), made assaulting a woman punishable by three to five years in prison. It made child marriage a crime for the first time, making those responsible for such marriages subject to two to five years’ imprisonment. But the government has not taken meaningful steps to enforce the law" (2). "Under Afghan law, the minimum age of marriage for girls is 16, or 15 with the permission of the girl’s father or a judge. In practice, the law is rarely enforced, so even earlier marriages occur" (8).
Sept. 15, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law confirmed the age of consent for marriage as 18, but child marriage is still common" (para 27).
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Article 20 of the current law stipulates the age of marriage as 16 years, or less, with the permission of the Shariaa Court, in contravention with both the Convention on the Rights of the Child and article 16, paragraph 2, of the CEDAW Convention" (2).
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-4, AOM-LAW-1

"The government has outlawed a number of harmful practices including chhaupadi (menstrual seclusion), dowry, witchcraft allegations, and child marriage. However, enforcement remains weak, and these deeply entrenched practices continue" (para 12).
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Women still face discrimination under 15 separate religion-based personal status laws and both child marriage and marital rape remain legal" (para 3). "Lebanon has no minimum age for marriage, and some religious courts allow girls younger than 15 to marry. Parliament failed to take up draft bills that would set the age of marriage at 18" (para 18).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

“[The] Family Code…says that you can marry a girl who is 14 years of age” (para 12).
Aug. 16, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Hpwever, authorities are not consistently enforcing protective measures for women and girls, including…a 2016 law to curb child and forced marriage" (para 15).
Aug. 16, 2020, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The government agreed to revise the 1951 Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act. Activists said that the amended law should make 18 the minimum age of marriage, without exception, and that women should not have to obtain a guardian's permission to get married" (para 20).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Iranian law allows girls to marry at 13 and boys at age 15, as well as at younger ages if authorized by a judge. Efforts by a number of parliamentarians to increase the minimum age of marriage have been blocked by the judicial parliamentary commission" (para. 26).
Aug. 13, 2020, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In July, Mozambique’s national assembly took an important step toward ending the country’s high rate of child marriage by unanimously adopting a law that prohibits marriage of children younger than 18 years old, without exception" (para. 11).
Aug. 10, 2020, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"For both Sunnis and Shias, the minimum legal age for marriage is 16 for females and 18 for males as per Article 70 of the Civil Code and Article 99(1) of the SPSL, respectively. However, marriages below the minimum legal age for marriage are permissible for both sects: a) For Sunnis: Article 71(1) of the Civil Code provides that either a competent father or competent court may permit girls below 16 to marry. Article 71(2) of the Civil Code absolutely prohibits the marriage of girls below 15; b) For Shias: Articles 99(2) and 99(3) of the SPSL provide that a guardian appearing before the court may permit girls and boys...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:10 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Early marriages are still a reality in Azerbaijan. Several measures have been taken by the Government to face this issue. First of all, in November 2011 the Family Code was amended in order to equalize the age of consent to marriage and to bring it to 18 for both men and women. Accordingly, the Criminal Code was emended and early marriages and forced marriages are now prohibited and considered as a crime prosecuted under the Criminal Code of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Sanctions to those offences have been increased. Research studies have been carried out and raising awareness initiatives have been undertaken" (2).
Aug. 10, 2020, 4:26 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Legal age for marriage is 18 years; otherwise, the judge's approval is required".