The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-LAW-1

June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Parental or judicial consent to marry is required for individuals younger than 18" (27).
June 18, 2020, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Albania has a strong legislative framework to tackle child marriage, however, earlier research by the Observatory for Children and Youth Rights has found that laws are not effectively or consistently implemented."
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The State of Guatemala is pleased to report that the Congress of the Republic enacted, as a matter of urgency, Decree No. 8-2015, which provides that the minimum marriageable age for men and women is 18, or 16 in special cases with cause and the permission of a competent judge. It is worth underscoring that acceptance of de facto unions between minors will not be allowed. Publication in the Official Gazette pending" (41).
May 7, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"For Kanuma and many others in northern Nigeria, the recent outcry over child marriage is puzzling. Zainab's marriage is prohibited under Nigeria's Child Rights Act, which bans marriage or betrothal before the age of 18. But federal laws compete with age-old customs, as well as a decade of state-level sharia law in Muslim states." (para 4). "But the practice came under scrutiny in July, when legislators tried to scrap a constitutional clause that states citizenship can be renounced by anyone over 18 or a married woman, apparently implying women can be married under 18." (para 7).
May 6, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum age for marriage is 21." (37).
April 28, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum age for marriage is 18. If it finds marriage to be in the child’s interest, a court may grant a child as young as 16 permission to marry. Romani rights groups reported that early marriages involving girls under the age of 18 were common in the Romani community." (39).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law sets a minimum age of 18 for marriage for both boys and girls." (36).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Enact legislation that sets a minimum age for marriage at 18 years of age for both spouses" (20). This implies that the minimum age of marriage is lower (CCS-CODER COMMENT)
April 9, 2020, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Indonesia's parliament has revised the country's marriage law to life the minimum age at which women can marry by three years to 19, a move welcomed by campaigners as a step toward curbing child marriage in the world's biggest Muslim-majority country" (para 1). "Indonesia previously allowed girls of 16 to get married or younger-- with no minimum age -- if their parents requested it" (para 7). "Indonesia's Constitutional Court ruled in December that it was discriminatory to have a lower marriage age for women than for men, who could legally marry at 19" (para 8).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Despite legal prohibitions, child marriages occurred. Federal law sets the legal age of marriage at 18 for men and 16 for women" (16). "The 2014 Sindh Child Marriage Restraint Act sets 18 as the legal age of marriage for both girls and boys in Sindh Province" (42).
March 24, 2020, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Gambia has banned child marriages with immediate effect as husbands and parents of any girl who is wed will face 20 years in prison" (para 1). "People who were aware of child marriage yet chose not to report it could face a sentence of 10 years, Jammeh added" (para 3).
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, AOM-LAW-1

"A clear definition of marriage was included in the Civil Code (1977) which defines marriage as a contract that legalizes sexual contact between a man and a woman. Likewise, it defines the minimum age of marriage for men as 18 and for women as 16. The rights of married women are also outlined in the Civil Code which clearly defines the payment of support and economic rights paid by the groom to the wife." (4).
March 7, 2020, 6:39 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"However, the draft law drawn up in 2002 setting the minimum age for marriage at 18 is still being opposed by religious associations" (para 14).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"There is no legal minimum age for marriage, and the government does not perform civil marriages. Instead, religious courts set the marriage age based on confessionally determined personal status law, and minimum ages for marriage differ accordingly" (30).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"There is no minimum age for marriage, and girls married as young as eight years of age" (31).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The provisional federal constitution requires both marriage partners to have reached the “age of maturity” and defines a child as a person less than 18 years old. It notes marriage requires the free consent of both the man and woman to be legal. Early marriages frequently occurred. In areas under its control, al-Shabaab arranged compulsory marriages between its soldiers and young girls and used the lure of marriage as a recruitment tool. There were no known efforts by the government or regional authorities to prevent early and forced marriage." (35).
Jan. 2, 2020, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Currently the country’s constitution does not have a minimum age of marriage. Though the Child Rights Act set the marriageable age as 18, it failed in part because a number of Nigeria’s 36 states refused to domesticate the law" (para 22).
Dec. 21, 2019, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The marriage of a 16-year-old girl, the daughter of a cattle herdsman, to a 28-year-old man was deemed illegal by a court in Kapoeta late last monthThe marriage of a 16-year-old girl, the daughter of a cattle herdsman, to a 28-year-old man was deemed illegal by a court in Kapoeta late last month" (para 2). "The legal age of marriage [is] 18" (para 3). "The girl's father, uncle and groom were each sentenced to three years in prison after arranging the marriage" (para 8).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"A 16-year old or 17-year-old can be married in Michigan with the consent of either parent. Younger teens also require a judge's permission" (para 12). "Last December, former State Sen. Rick Jones and Sen. Margaret O'Brien, both Republicans, introduced Senate Bill 1255, which would have banned the marriage of parties under the age of 16 and required written consent from both parents of individuals 16 and 17 years old. The bill died in committee" (para 13-14).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Nevertheless, according to article 1041 of the country's Civil Law, there is no minimum age for marriage in Iran. The so-called 'Shari'a courts' can permit girls aged under fifteen to marry, provided the marriage is registered. However, in many cases, parents do not wait for a court ruling to give away their daughters, postponing the registration to years later. Meanwhile, there is no limitation on the age difference of the child bride and the groom" (para. 3-5). "A bill to stop child marriages was recently blocked in the Majles, Iran's parliament, by legislators who included women" (para. 12).
Dec. 6, 2019, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Afghanistan's Civil Code sets the marriage age at 18 for males and 16 for girls. It says a father can agree to allow his daughter to marry at 15. There are no circumstances under Afghanistan's national laws in which a child under 15 can be legally married" (para 29). "According to Islamic law, a marriage is not valid if the individuals are either unwilling or too young to understand the implications that marriage entails. But Islamic law is vague about a specific age that is considered old enough for "understanding," leaving the question up to different interpretations by local religious leaders" (para 33). "Hussaini says pronouncements by various local mullahs...more
Nov. 15, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The High Court ruled that marriage under the age of 18 was illegal and directed the government to raise the minimum age of marriage to 18 for both boys and girls within one year." (para 4).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The country’s legal minimum age of marriage is 18, although the guardianship court may grant permission for girls as young as age 16 to marry under certain circumstances" (19).
Nov. 1, 2019, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In Tanzania, the minimum age for boys to marry is 18 years as set by The Law of Marriage Act 1971 at 18, but for girls it is 14 with consent of the court, and at the age of 15 with parental consent. This is not equal protection" (para 3). "In 2016, Rebeca Gyumi, Director of...[the]... Msichana Initiative, brought a case challenging the constitutionality of child 'marriage' in Tanzania, and demanding the government give girls equal protection under the law" (para 4). The High Court ruled that marriage under the age of 18 was illegal and directed the government to raise the minimum age of marriage to 18 for both...more
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age of marriage is 18 years" (19).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"There is no minimum age for marriage" (21).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage for both sexes is 18; anyone below 21 must have parental consent. Under Muslim personal law, Muslim boys may marry at 15 and girls may marry when they reach puberty" (28).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law prohibits child marriage, and the legal age for marriage is 18 years for women and 21 for men. Underage marriage is possible with a judge’s permission and with the permission of both sets of parents; the law does not specify a minimum age in such a case" (24).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"While the law prohibits marriage of boys and girls under the age of 18, many marriages of underage children took place" (page 42).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18 for both boys and girls" (page 10).