The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-LAW-1

Dec. 8, 2019, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Nevertheless, according to article 1041 of the country's Civil Law, there is no minimum age for marriage in Iran. The so-called 'Shari'a courts' can permit girls aged under fifteen to marry, provided the marriage is registered. However, in many cases, parents do not wait for a court ruling to give away their daughters, postponing the registration to years later. Meanwhile, there is no limitation on the age difference of the child bride and the groom" (para. 3-5). "A bill to stop child marriages was recently blocked in the Majles, Iran's parliament, by legislators who included women" (para. 12).
Dec. 6, 2019, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Afghanistan's Civil Code sets the marriage age at 18 for males and 16 for girls. It says a father can agree to allow his daughter to marry at 15. There are no circumstances under Afghanistan's national laws in which a child under 15 can be legally married" (para 29). "According to Islamic law, a marriage is not valid if the individuals are either unwilling or too young to understand the implications that marriage entails. But Islamic law is vague about a specific age that is considered old enough for "understanding," leaving the question up to different interpretations by local religious leaders" (para 33). "Hussaini says pronouncements by various local mullahs...more
Nov. 15, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The High Court ruled that marriage under the age of 18 was illegal and directed the government to raise the minimum age of marriage to 18 for both boys and girls within one year." (para 4).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The country’s legal minimum age of marriage is 18, although the guardianship court may grant permission for girls as young as age 16 to marry under certain circumstances" (19).
Nov. 1, 2019, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In Tanzania, the minimum age for boys to marry is 18 years as set by The Law of Marriage Act 1971 at 18, but for girls it is 14 with consent of the court, and at the age of 15 with parental consent. This is not equal protection" (para 3). "In 2016, Rebeca Gyumi, Director of...[the]... Msichana Initiative, brought a case challenging the constitutionality of child 'marriage' in Tanzania, and demanding the government give girls equal protection under the law" (para 4). The High Court ruled that marriage under the age of 18 was illegal and directed the government to raise the minimum age of marriage to 18 for both...more
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age of marriage is 18 years" (19).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"There is no minimum age for marriage" (21).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage for both sexes is 18; anyone below 21 must have parental consent. Under Muslim personal law, Muslim boys may marry at 15 and girls may marry when they reach puberty" (28).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law prohibits child marriage, and the legal age for marriage is 18 years for women and 21 for men. Underage marriage is possible with a judge’s permission and with the permission of both sets of parents; the law does not specify a minimum age in such a case" (24).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"While the law prohibits marriage of boys and girls under the age of 18, many marriages of underage children took place" (page 42).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18 for both boys and girls" (page 10).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18. In exceptional cases, based upon request of one of the marrying couple, a competent court may allow marriage of a person as young as 16, if both parents consent" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for marriage for both sexes is 18 years" (p. 18).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age for marriage is 21 for men and 17 for girls, but tradition permits marriage at age 14" (p. 18).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law sets the minimum age for marriage at 18. The law precludes invoking the consent of the minor spouse to justify child marriage and prescribes sentences of five to 10 years’ imprisonment and fines of 500,000 to five million CFA francs ($883 to $8,833) for persons convicted of perpetrating child marriage" (page 17).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the adoption of amendments to the Family Code and the Law on Civil Status Acts in 2013, pursuant to which the difference in the legal age for marriage has been removed. Nevertheless, it remains concerned about the persisting option to deviate from this rule on cultural, ethnic and other grounds" (15).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for men and 17 for women. A boy as young as 15 or a girl as young as 13 may marry if a judge deems both parties willing and 'physically mature,' and if the fathers or grandfathers of both parties consent" (Pg 48).
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 16 for both genders" (p. 9).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"It notes that most child marriages are conducted under customary law, which does not require the consent of the future spouses for marriage or a minimum age of marriage" (14). "The discriminatory provisions in the Civil Code regarding the legal minimum age of marriage for girls (15) and for boys (18) (art. 144) and permitting parents to substitute their consent for marriage of their daughters (art. 148)" (14),
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law defines 18 as the minimum age for marriage, although children may marry at 17 with parental permission and at 16 with court approval" (page 52).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law prohibits marriage for both boys and girls before the age of 20. Families in many areas sometimes forced their young children to marry. Social, economic, and cultural values promoted the practice of early and forced marriages, which was especially common in the Dalit and Madhesi communities. The law sets penalties for violations according to the age of the girls involved in child marriage. The penalty includes both a prison sentence and fine, with the fees collected going to the girl involved. The civil code provides that the government must take action whenever a case of child marriage is filed with authorities. The government worked with local child rights...more
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men under family, labor, property, and nationality laws, but does not grant widows equal inheritance rights. The law states that women’s participation in the development process must not conflict with their role in improving family welfare and educating the younger generation. The 1974 Marriage Law establishes the legal age of marriage as 16 for women and 19 for men. The same law also designates the man as the head of the household. As such, married women who work outside the home are taxed at a higher rate than working husbands" (Pg 27-28). "The legal distinction between...more
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The issue of discrimination, abuse and violence, concept of citizenship are vital for the ensuring and promotion of the rights of women. The key laws which may be mentioned in this regard are; (...) Child Marriage Restraint Act (...) As is evident, most of these have been enacted fairly recently and in response to specific need. These laws are expected to provide the basic dispositions to ensure the rights of women, free from discrimination, exploitation, abuse and violence" (10).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

" The legal minimum age of marriage is 18. The Social and Guardianship Office may authorize marriages of persons between the ages of 16 and 18" (Pg 32).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law establishes 18 as the minimum age for civil marriage. The practice of early marriage was more common in the Muslim community. There were reports during the year of forced marriages of young girls to ex-Seleka and anti-Balaka members. The government did not take steps to address forced marriage. (For more data, see UNICEF website.)" (Pg 19).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"With regard to civil marriages, a girl under 18 years of age may marry with parental consent, a special marriage licence and permission from the Ministry of Social and Family Development... and a kadi (official of religious standing) may solemnize the marriage of a girl under the age of 18 years who has attained puberty" (12).
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for marriage is 18. The law punishes anyone who compels another to marry with imprisonment for five to 10 years, and with fines of 25,000 CFA francs ($47) to 1,000,000 CFA francs ($1,865). When victims are minors, punishment may not be less than a two-year prison sentence, regardless of mitigating circumstances. The court may also take away custody from parents who give away their underage children in marriage. Despite these legal provisions, some families reportedly tried to marry their girls before age 18. (For data, see the UNICEF website.)" (Pg 28).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for marriage for both sexes is 17, while anyone younger than 20 requires parental consent. A court may grant permission for children between the ages of 15 and 16 to marry" (page 31).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In 2016 the National Assembly made the marriage of children under 18 illegal under the Children’s (Amendment) Act 2016" (p. 14).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for both boys and girls is 14 years with parental and participant consent, unless otherwise stipulated by religion or custom under the law, which generally set a higher minimum age. The Islamic Family Act sets the minimum marriageable age at 16 years for Muslim girls and 18 years for Muslim men and makes it an offense to use force, threat, or deception to compel a person to marry against his or her own will" (p. 16 - 17).