The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-LAW-1

Sept. 28, 2020, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"During 2019, Zimbabwe's Parliament debated a marriage bill, first introduced in January 2017, which is seen as a long-awaited chance for parliament to reconcile the country's marriage laws with its constitution. The proposed marriage law, which parliament has yet to finalize at time of writing, seeks to outlaw child marriage" (para 9). "Three years after Zimbabwe's Constitutional Court declared child marriage unconstitutional and set 18 as the minimum marriage age, the government has not put structures in place to implement the court's decision and ensure that girls under 18 are not forced into marriage. Zimbabwe's 2013 Constitution states that 'no person may be compelled to enter marriage against their will'...more
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In September, parliament revised the 1974 marriage law, raising the minimum age of marriage for girls and boys with parental consent from 16 to 19, but retaining a clause that allows courts to authorize marriages of girls below 19, with no minimum age restriction" (para 12).
Sept. 21, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The Law on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW), made assaulting a woman punishable by three to five years in prison. It made child marriage a crime for the first time, making those responsible for such marriages subject to two to five years’ imprisonment. But the government has not taken meaningful steps to enforce the law" (2). "Under Afghan law, the minimum age of marriage for girls is 16, or 15 with the permission of the girl’s father or a judge. In practice, the law is rarely enforced, so even earlier marriages occur" (8).
Sept. 15, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law confirmed the age of consent for marriage as 18, but child marriage is still common" (para 27).
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Article 20 of the current law stipulates the age of marriage as 16 years, or less, with the permission of the Shariaa Court, in contravention with both the Convention on the Rights of the Child and article 16, paragraph 2, of the CEDAW Convention" (2).
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-4, AOM-LAW-1

"The government has outlawed a number of harmful practices including chhaupadi (menstrual seclusion), dowry, witchcraft allegations, and child marriage. However, enforcement remains weak, and these deeply entrenched practices continue" (para 12).
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Women still face discrimination under 15 separate religion-based personal status laws and both child marriage and marital rape remain legal" (para 3). "Lebanon has no minimum age for marriage, and some religious courts allow girls younger than 15 to marry. Parliament failed to take up draft bills that would set the age of marriage at 18" (para 18).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

“[The] Family Code…says that you can marry a girl who is 14 years of age” (para 12).
Aug. 16, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Hpwever, authorities are not consistently enforcing protective measures for women and girls, including…a 2016 law to curb child and forced marriage" (para 15).
Aug. 16, 2020, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The government agreed to revise the 1951 Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act. Activists said that the amended law should make 18 the minimum age of marriage, without exception, and that women should not have to obtain a guardian's permission to get married" (para 20).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Iranian law allows girls to marry at 13 and boys at age 15, as well as at younger ages if authorized by a judge. Efforts by a number of parliamentarians to increase the minimum age of marriage have been blocked by the judicial parliamentary commission" (para. 26).
Aug. 13, 2020, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In July, Mozambique’s national assembly took an important step toward ending the country’s high rate of child marriage by unanimously adopting a law that prohibits marriage of children younger than 18 years old, without exception" (para. 11).
Aug. 10, 2020, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"For both Sunnis and Shias, the minimum legal age for marriage is 16 for females and 18 for males as per Article 70 of the Civil Code and Article 99(1) of the SPSL, respectively. However, marriages below the minimum legal age for marriage are permissible for both sects: a) For Sunnis: Article 71(1) of the Civil Code provides that either a competent father or competent court may permit girls below 16 to marry. Article 71(2) of the Civil Code absolutely prohibits the marriage of girls below 15; b) For Shias: Articles 99(2) and 99(3) of the SPSL provide that a guardian appearing before the court may permit girls and boys...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:10 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Early marriages are still a reality in Azerbaijan. Several measures have been taken by the Government to face this issue. First of all, in November 2011 the Family Code was amended in order to equalize the age of consent to marriage and to bring it to 18 for both men and women. Accordingly, the Criminal Code was emended and early marriages and forced marriages are now prohibited and considered as a crime prosecuted under the Criminal Code of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Sanctions to those offences have been increased. Research studies have been carried out and raising awareness initiatives have been undertaken" (2).
Aug. 10, 2020, 4:26 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Legal age for marriage is 18 years; otherwise, the judge's approval is required".
Aug. 10, 2020, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In 2017, the Honduran Congress unanimously passed a bill making all child marriage of those below the age of 18 illegal. The new bill replaces legislation that previously allowed girls to marry at 16 with permission from family. UNICEF reports that a third of all Honduran girls marry before 18" (para 24).
Aug. 9, 2020, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In October [2019], Tanzania’s Court of Appeal upheld a 2016 High Court ruling directing the government to raise the legal age of marriage to 18 years for both girls and boys. Tanzania’s Marriage Act of 1971 had set the minimum marriage age for girls at 15 with parental consent, and 18 for boys, and permitted the marriage of 14-year-old children when a court is satisfied that there is the existence of special, but unspecified, circumstances" (para. 18).
Aug. 7, 2020, 7:24 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"According to the Law on Family 2004 the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years. However a 16 year old may marry with permission of the court and after obtaining an opinion from a health institution and have been provided expert assistance at the Center for Social Work" (para 12)
Aug. 7, 2020, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The Family Act sets the legal age of marriage for both men and women at the age of 18 (CEDAW, 2013). The Act grants the Marriage Registrar the discretionary power to approve marriages of minors, taking into consideration their physical well-being, reasons for entering the marriage and competence to maintain a livelihood (Maldives, 2001)" (2)
Aug. 7, 2020, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age of marriage for both women and men in Malta is 16 years of age (Marriage Act of Malta, s. 3(1)). If an individual between the ages of 16 and 18 would like to marry, one requires the consent of a parent or a legal guardian before he or she may proceed with a marriage contract (s. 3(2)). There are no legal exemptions to the present age requirement that would allow an individual under the age of 16 to marry with the consent of an authority such a parent, guardian, judge, or a Maltese court. Any marriage of an individual under the age of 16 years of age...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 6:45 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Under the Personal Status Code Act 2001 the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years with no exceptions" (para 16)
Aug. 7, 2020, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"ARTÍCULO 145.- Para contraer matrimonio, el hombre necesita haber cumplido dieciséis años y la mujer catorce. Los presidentes municipales pueden conceder dispensas de edad por causas graves y justificadas. ARTÍCULO 146.- El hijo o la hija que no hayan cumplido dieciocho años, no pueden contraer matrimonio sin consentimiento de su padre o de su madre, si vivieren ambos o del que sobreviva. Este derecho lo tiene la madre, aunque haya contraído segundas nupcias, si el hijo vive con ella. A falta o por imposibilidad de los padres, se necesita el consentimiento de los abuelos paternos, si vivieren ambos, o del que sobreviva; a falta o por imposibilidad de los abuelos...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 5:22 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"A decree published on Tuesday by the federal government banned marriage for children under 18 in 31 out of 32 states. The decree annulled certain laws that allowed local authorities and families to provide exceptions or consent for child marriages. Exceptions to the ban can still be granted in Baja California" (para 1-3). "As of 2016, marriage was legal for boys as young as 16 and girls as young as 14 in 24 states. In some of the 18 states where child marriage was banned, the law contained provisions for families or local authorities to grant exceptions" (para 7)
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Under the Moldavian Marriage Code the minimum legal age of marriage 18 years. However individuals may marry at 16 years with consent of the local tutelary/guardianship authority and with parental consent" (para 13)
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age of marriage for both women and men is 18 years old in Mongolia (Mongolia: Family Law of 1999, s. 6). However, the code provides for a derogation to the minimum age requirement in the case that an applicant under the age of 18 has previously been commissioned the right of full legal capacity by the Court (Law of Mongolia Civil Code, s. 9.2). The civil code stipulates that a Court may consider Mongolian citizens that have reached the ages of 16-18 years old to have full civil legal capacity at the behest of parents, guardians or trustees (art. 15.2). As a result, if an underage applicant for...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"While the legal age of marriage is 18 years, a minor aged between 16 and 18 years old may enter into a marriage with court approval. This may be done without the consent of a parent or a guardian, and is practiced irrespective of the gender of the minor petitioner (World Policy Analysis Center). Likewise, a minor may request approval to marry in the exceptional circumstance of pregnancy" (2)
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In 2019, lawmakers rejected a proposed amendment to the personal status law that would have increased the minimum marriage age from 15 to 16, albeit without the exception that children between ages 16 and 18 could marry with court approval" (para 17).
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Mozambique has passed a new bill banning child marriage following a two and a half-year campaign by gender equality organisations including Plan International. The bill, which set the minimum age for marriage at 18, eliminates a loophole in Mozambican family law which made it possible for children to marry at 16 with the consent of their parents" (para 1-2). "The bill unanimously passed its second and final reading in the Mozambican parliament, the Assembly of the Republic, in July and will become law as soon as it has been signed off by President Filipe Nyusi" (para 8)
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The code sets 18 as a minimum age of marriage but allows judges to grant 'exemptions' to marry minor girls aged 15 to 18, at the request of their family" (para 20).
Aug. 5, 2020, 11:33 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Under the Marriage Registration Act the minimum legal age of marriage in Nepal is 20 years for girls and boys. They are able to marry at 18 years with parental consent" (para 30)