The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Early marriage remains a serious problem, with 21 ercent of girls in Pakistan marrying before the age of 18, according to UNICEF" (para 19).
Sept. 28, 2020, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Three years after Zimbabwe's Constitutional Court declared child marriage unconstitutional and set 18 as the minimum marriage age, the government has not put structures in place to implement the court's decision and ensure that girls under 18 are not forced into marriage. Zimbabwe's 2013 Constitution states that 'no person may be compelled to enter marriage against their will' and requires authorities to ensure that children are not pledged into marriage, but the government has yet to amend or repeal all other existing marriage laws that still allow child marriage" (para 12).
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1

"Around 14 percent of girls in Indonesia are married before age 18, and 1 percent marry before age 15" (para 12).
Sept. 21, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Under Afghan law, the minimum age of marriage for girls is 16, or 15 with the permission of the girl’s father or a judge. In practice, the law is rarely enforced, so even earlier marriages occur" (8). "An education official told Human Rights Watch that the government is developing a pilot education program for girls in three districts in Nangarhar province that has both low girls’ education participation and high rates of child marriage.18F In April 2017, the Afghan government launched a national plan to end child marriage.19F But there has been little progress in implementing the plan. Given the government’s poor track record of implementing laws and policies designed...more
Sept. 15, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law confirmed the age of consent for marriage as 18, but child marriage is still common" (para 27).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Early marriages became commonplace among the Yazidis community of Armenia. The opinion of the old leaders of the community considerably contributes to such a situation. They took a stand against the law that sets a minimum age for marriage - 18 years. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) reports that early marriage is practiced in Armenia, particularly among ethnic minority communities" (para 16).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1, MABFC-DATA-1

“In the event that a girl is allowed to live, she is married off at 12, or 13, even before she can say “adult”. She gives birth to her first child within the first year of her marriage, and then mothers many, many more in the years to come” (para 3).
Aug. 10, 2020, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"IUNICEF reports that a third of all Honduran girls marry before 18" (para 24).
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The code sets 18 as a minimum age of marriage but allows judges to grant 'exemptions' to marry minor girls aged 15 to 18, at the request of their family. In 2018, 40,000 such exemptions were granted, amounting to almost 20 percent of marriages recorded during the year, in what Justice Minister Mohamed Aujjar called 'an alarming increase'" (para 20).
July 28, 2020, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"TYPES OF CHILD MARRIAGE IN VIET NAM: Family arranged marriage: Child marriage is seen as a tradition. It is often linked to early labour. Poor families marry children to bring them into the family workforce (e.g. domestic work, agricultural labour). A 'bride price' may be paid by the groom’s family to compensate the bride’s family for the loss of labour. Love marriage: Young couples drop out of school to get married or move in together without registration to avoid fines. Marriage to 'resolve pregnancy': Early pregnancy leads to child marriage to address the shame associated with premarital sex. Bride abduction/trafficking: kidnapping of girls without consent. Trafficking of girls to China...more
July 22, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"And in some places [in Afghanistan], girls are routinely married at puberty" (para 1).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"CSOs, schools and social protection institutions, coordinators for Roma issues and female health mediators provide a significant contribution to prevention of underage marriages" (41). "The Draft Law on Gender Equality sets out a duty to organise and implement problems to address the issues of early pregnancy and entering into a domestic partnership where at least one person is younger than 16 years of age and a duty to organise and implement preventative examinations for early detection of diseases of higher social and medical importance" (41). "According to the data available to the Office for K&M, there are still cases of early marriages in the territory of Kosovo and Metohija, particularly...more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Women subject to this system of social control are married, often early, into households headed by their husband’s fathers" (pg 2).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"…The traditional practice of 'ukuthwala,' the arranged marriage of girls as young as age 12 to older men, occurred in remote villages in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal provinces" (27).
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In Papua New Guinea, women tend to marry earlier than men. Among those age 25-49, the median age at first marriage is 20.4 years among women and 25.0 years among men (Figure 4.2). Twenty-nine percent of women but only 7% of men age 25-49 marry before their 18th birthday (Table 4.3)" (67).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Congress is in the process of approving a decree establishing that the minimum age for marriage be 18 for men and women, with exceptions allowed at 16 years of age for well-founded reasons and a competent judge’s order. It is worth underscoring that acceptance of de facto unions between minors will not be allowed" (10).
May 7, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Ibrahim Kanuma winces as he recalls the moment a 63-year-old man asked him for his teenage daughter's hand in marriage. The proposal was not unusual in north-western Nigeria's remote, dust-blown state of Zamfara, but he considered the suitor too old for his only daughter, Zainab, 13." (para 1). "'I wouldn't force my daughter to marry somebody she doesn't like, but as soon as a girl is of age [starts menstruating], she should be married,' Kanuma says." (para 5). "The obscure ruling will have little direct impact on the one in four rural northern Nigerian girls married off before they turn 15, but it reveals prevailing attitudes in a nation with...more
May 6, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Anecdotal evidence suggested child marriage was more common in rural areas and refugee camps than in urban areas." (37).
April 28, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum age for marriage is 18. If it finds marriage to be in the child’s interest, a court may grant a child as young as 16 permission to marry. Romani rights groups reported that early marriages involving girls under the age of 18 were common in the Romani community." (39).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The law sets a minimum age of 18 for marriage for both boys and girls. The prevalence of child marriage varied widely among regions, with figures ranging from 76 percent in the Northwest to 10 percent in the Southeast. Only 24 state assemblies adopted the Child Rights Act of 2003, which sets the minimum marriage age, and most states, especially northern states, did not uphold the federal official minimum age for marriage. The government engaged religious leaders, emirs, and sultans on the problem, emphasizing the health hazards of early marriage. Certain states worked with NGO programs to establish school subsidies or fee waivers for children to help protect against early...more
April 9, 2020, 8:29 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Hanan Yahya, now an aide to Detroit City Councilwoman Raquel Castaneda-Lopez, was a member of Universal Academy's class of 2012. She says almost all of her classmates were married within the first year after high school, for reasons similar to those given by today's brides" (para 22).
April 9, 2020, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"One in four girls in Indonesia is married before they turn 18, according to a 2016 report by Indonesia's Statistics Agency and the United Nations children's fund UNICEF" (para 4). "'The society still encourages girls to get married in their teenage years, otherwise they will be considered spinsters,' said Masruchah of the National Commission on Violence Against Women" (para 5).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1

"According to a 2017 nationally representative Gallup survey, 24.7 percent of women were married before the age of 18" (43).
March 24, 2020, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Yet a law alone will not be enough to stop girls from being married before 18, said campaign group Girls Not Brides (GNB). The campaign group's Ruth Koshal said: 'It is essential to empower girls, to protect their rights and provide meaningful alternatives to marriage that are valued by communities, such as education.'" (para 6-7). "The government should engage with local communities to try to change attitudes towards child marriage, instead of threatening families with prison sentences, said Isatou Jeng of the Gambian women's rights organisation Girls Agenda" (para 10). "While many activists supported the ban, some fear it could drive the deeply entrenched practice underground, unless efforts are stepped...more
March 7, 2020, 6:39 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"For El Hadji Souley Moussa, a 60-year-old retired bank employee in Niger, 'marrying off a daughter when she is young is a source of great pride. This way, she is protected from pregnancy outside of marriage.'" (para 1). "It is no wonder that a population and health survey conducted in 2012 by the Ministry of Public Health, and released this July, revealed that 75 percent of girls get married before the age of 18 in this Sahelien country of 16 million in West Africa. According to the study, young girls aged between 15 and 19 years are the most vulnerable" (para 2). "Yahaya Issa, a guidance counsellor at the Ministry...more
March 4, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In a country where a third of girls marry before age 18, child marriage forces many girls out of education… Under Afghan law, the minimum age of marriage for girls is 16, or 15 with the permission of the girl’s father or a judge. In practice, the law is rarely enforced, so even earlier marriages occur. The consequences of child marriage are deeply harmful, and they include girls dropping out or being excluded from education. " (9).
Feb. 8, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The SADHS 2016 results indicate that early unions (marriage or living together with a partner as though married) are rare in South Africa. Among women who are currently age 25-49, 2% were in a union by age 15, 7% by age 18, 13% by age 20, 20% by age 22, and 31% by age 25 (Table 4.3). Forty-four percent of women age 25-49 have never been in a union. The proportion of women who have been in a union by age 25 is so low that it is not possible to calculate a median age at first union for this age group (less than half of women began living with...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Between 2012 and 2015, several campaigns were carried out (MPFIFD and associations) to raise awareness among local and religious leaders and the general population throughout the country about the primacy of modern law condemning discriminatory customary practices and local traditions. (...) (iv) early marriages and pregnancies, (v) gender violence perpetrated in the name of tradition. Forums and radio and television broadcasts dramatizing scenes of daily life and the use of national languages are used to reach all segments of society" (8).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Combatants reportedly involved married boys between the ages of 12 and 15 in fighting in the northern tribal areas; tribal custom considered married boys as adults who owe allegiance to the tribe" (15). "There is no minimum age for marriage, and girls married as young as eight years of age" (31).
Jan. 2, 2020, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"'They forcefully took us away and kept us like prisoners,' Lydia Musa, a former Boko Haram captive who was abducted at the age of 14 during an attack on her village in Gwoza, in Nigeria’s north eastern Borno State, tells IPS. Musa and two other underaged girls were captured and forced to marry Boko Haram fighters in spite of their protests that they were too young to marry. 'You must marry whether you like it or not they told us as they pointed guns at us,' the now 16-year-old girl recalls" (para 1-2). "Though the Child Rights Act set the marriageable age as 18, it failed in part because a...more