The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 4, 2021, 3:50 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In addition, informal unions--or cohabitations--are common in Brazil and many other countries in Latin America, which also helps mask the problem, as these unions are often not considered to be 'marriage'" (para 2).
Jan. 4, 2021, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Less common, however, are efforts to combat this practice in Latin America, despite high numbers in the region: According to a report launched in July by Promundo, a Brazil-based non-governmental organization (NGO), Brazil is ranked fourth in the world in terms of absolute numbers of girls married or co-habitating by age fifteen. More than 870 thousand women ages twenty to twenty-four years are married by age fifteen, and about three million--or 36 percent--will be married by eighteen" (para 1).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"And so it was that Grace was abducted on motorbike by her betrothed early one morning - all with the complicity of her father...She was only 12" (para 17, 19). "While it is true that Tanzania does not rank among the countries with the highest rates of child marriage, with four out of 10 girls being married before their 18th birthdays, it seems to be a problem that is not going away" (para 28). "In the Shinyanga region, more than 59 percent of girls like Grace - some of them as young as nine - are forced into child marriages. Itendelebanya believes that the actual figure is concealed by the...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"…girls are often married off when they're as young as 10 and, occasionally, the groom may be underage, too, according to Birhamani" (para 6).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Zakura, now eight, has the support of her father who wants her to avoid the preordained female fate for 11 or 12 year olds in his traditional and partly nomadic society in Wadi Qelt valley" (para 2). "The father - who was Vdovin’s guide and fixer on a previous unrelated filming trip - offered the Russian the chance to take his daughter and raise her in Moscow, and even marry her when she reached 12" (para 29).
Dec. 23, 2020, 10:47 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"This Nikahnama calls for registration of all marriages, calls for denial of second marriage unless there is a valid ground like death of the first wife etc, calls for minimum age of marriage for girls to be 18, (for boys 21), wife should have due place in the household even after the death of husband, divorce should be permitted in the physical presence of husband and wife both and it should be supported by legal documents, and in case of women demanding divorce, her voice should be respected and she should be allowed to keep personal belongings" (para 2). This is a model that calls for changes within the Muslim...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Girls are married as early as possible after initiation of menses under the pretext that moulding into the reproductive role is easier at a younger age" (para 28, 32). "Having inferior status, women are compelled to follow the socially constructed model that disempowers them into surrendering their own abilities to take decisions; forces them to abide by the pre-established norms that restrict mobility, controls their social interactions and limits access to education and information; pushes them into early marriage and violence; and excludes them from the larger society of which they are a significant part" (para 46).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"In 2007, the minimum age for marriage was fixed at 15 years old for women. Sharia courts are able to make exceptions to the minimum age requirement in cases of 'urgent need'. It is ambiguous what situations constitute an 'urgent need'" (4).
Nov. 24, 2020, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

“The certificate said she was 18, but the family has a birth certificate showing she is 13, according to a Catholic organisation called Aid to the Church in Need” (para 12). “The group says that traditionalist customs and religious views mean some families believe they should ‘marry off their daughters once they reach puberty’” (para 15).
Nov. 23, 2020, 6:17 p.m.
Countries: Senegal

"It is concerned, however, at the persistence of adverse cultural norms, practices and traditions as well as patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles, responsibilities and identities of women and men in the family and society. It notes that stereotypes contribute to the persistence of violence against women as well as harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, levirate and sororate, child marriage, polygamy, repudiation, and food prohibitions or taboos. The Committee is also concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient action to modify or eliminate such stereotypes and harmful practices" (Art. 18).
Nov. 18, 2020, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Oman

"The Committee is concerned that, despite efforts such as the Royal Decree No. 55/2010 to prevent the practice of dowry from limiting women’s rights to choose their husbands freely, this custom continues to negatively impact on the rights of women. In this context it is also concerned about the fact that the man is considered the head of the family and married women cannot freely choose their place of residence according to the Personal Status Code. Furthermore the Committee is concerned at reports that, despite the legal prohibition, marriage of girls under the age of 18 is still widely practised and accepted by Omani custom. The Committee is also concerned...more
Nov. 18, 2020, 2 p.m.
Countries: Nepal

"It is also concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, son preference, polygamy, widows accused of witchcraft, and such practices as c haupadi, j huma, d euki and d han- k haane" (Article 17). Chhaupadi is a form of menstrual taboo which prohibits Hindu women and girls from participating in normal family activities while menstruating, as they are considered impure. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 13, 2020, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan

"The Committee commends the State party for its comprehensive Family Code, however, it is concerned that many women, particularly those married only under religious law, do not benefit from all the rights stipulated therein and are denied economic protection upon the dissolution of their unrecognized marriage. The Committee is also concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages, notwithstanding the setting of the minimum age of marriage at 18 years... concern at the high prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child marriage and bride kidnapping, and that to date, the State party has not taken sustained measures to modify or eliminate discriminatory stereotypes, negative traditional...more
Nov. 12, 2020, 7:39 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/KAZ/CO/2, para. 13) and remains concerned at the persistence of some forms of harmful practices and traditions and patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, in particular those portraying women as caregivers. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to the increased harmful practice of child marriage and polygamy among certain ethnic groups, and hence to the disadvantaged and unequal status of women in society" (Article 16).
Nov. 11, 2020, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Jordan

"The Committee notes with concern the continued application of the discriminatory provisions contained in the State party’s Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement of walis (guardians) for women for the marriage notwithstanding the woman’s consent, and the restrictions on women’s right to work and to divorce. The Committee is further concerned that early marriage remains lawful and, that girls can marry in exceptional cases at the age of 15 years, which, among other things leads to girls dropping out of school. The Committee is also concerned about the persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance, both as daughters and as widows" (Article 49).more
Oct. 31, 2020, 12:03 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia

"It notes that stereotypes contribute to the persistence of violence against women and practices harmful to women and girls, such as female circumcision, early marriage, arranged marriage and polygamy. The Committee expresses its deep concern that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 23).
Oct. 30, 2020, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: India

"It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 20). Sati is a practice in India where a widow throws herself onto her husband's funeral pyre. A woman who is a devadasi in modern times is a sex slave. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 27, 2020, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Ghana

"The Committee is also concerned about the prevalence of harmful practices such as early marriages in rural areas and about the persistence of traditional customs limiting women’s access to inheritance and land" (Article 38).
Oct. 27, 2020, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that child marriage continues to be practised among some ethnic groups and that research on the scale, causes and consequences of the phenomenon is lacking" (Article 18). Practice of child marriage. (CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"On September 12, 2012 the government of the Republic of Armenia adopted a Draft Law ‘On Amending the Family Code of the Republic of Armenia’. According to this law, 18 years is determined as a minimum threshold of the marriage age for both men and women.44 However, early and forced marriage of girls is still practiced within the Yezidi community, and is grounded in the lack of value placed on women’s and girls’ role in society.45 Human Rights Report 2015 also states that early marriage of girls was reportedly more frequent within the Yezidi communities, but the government took no measures to document the scale or address the practice" (17-18).more
Oct. 16, 2020, 1:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt

“At age 13, [Huda Shaarawi, a pioneer of feminism in Egypt] was married off to her cousin” (Para 5).
Oct. 9, 2020, 8:33 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Turkey's main opposition party has called for a parliamentary inquiry after the directorate of religious affaris said that, under Islamic law, girls as young as nine could marry" (para 1). "Turkey's legal age of marriage is 18 but the practice of underage weddings in religious ceremonies is widespread" (para 4). "'Forcing a young girl to marry someone before they obtain the psychological and biological maturity, and before they gain the responsibility to make a family and become a mother, would not comply with Islam which puts consent and will as a condition in a marriage,' it said" (para 11). "Critics said it would legitimise statutory rape and encourage the practice...more
Oct. 1, 2020, 9:17 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"He pointed out that the new regulations are meant to protect Saudi families and reduce the high rate of divorce, saying that 'early marriage sometimes can cause health problems and increase the chances of divorce'" (para 4).
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan

"Early marriage remains a serious problem, with 21 ercent of girls in Pakistan marrying before the age of 18, according to UNICEF" (para 19).
Sept. 28, 2020, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe

"Three years after Zimbabwe's Constitutional Court declared child marriage unconstitutional and set 18 as the minimum marriage age, the government has not put structures in place to implement the court's decision and ensure that girls under 18 are not forced into marriage. Zimbabwe's 2013 Constitution states that 'no person may be compelled to enter marriage against their will' and requires authorities to ensure that children are not pledged into marriage, but the government has yet to amend or repeal all other existing marriage laws that still allow child marriage" (para 12).
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia

"Around 14 percent of girls in Indonesia are married before age 18, and 1 percent marry before age 15" (para 12).
Sept. 21, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Under Afghan law, the minimum age of marriage for girls is 16, or 15 with the permission of the girl’s father or a judge. In practice, the law is rarely enforced, so even earlier marriages occur" (8). "An education official told Human Rights Watch that the government is developing a pilot education program for girls in three districts in Nangarhar province that has both low girls’ education participation and high rates of child marriage.18F In April 2017, the Afghan government launched a national plan to end child marriage.19F But there has been little progress in implementing the plan. Given the government’s poor track record of implementing laws and policies designed...more
Sept. 15, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law confirmed the age of consent for marriage as 18, but child marriage is still common" (para 27).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Early marriages became commonplace among the Yazidis community of Armenia. The opinion of the old leaders of the community considerably contributes to such a situation. They took a stand against the law that sets a minimum age for marriage - 18 years. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) reports that early marriage is practiced in Armenia, particularly among ethnic minority communities" (para 16).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India

“In the event that a girl is allowed to live, she is married off at 12, or 13, even before she can say “adult”. She gives birth to her first child within the first year of her marriage, and then mothers many, many more in the years to come” (para 3).