The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"According to the NGO Hope for Women, child marriage was often endorsed by Islamic scholars invited to speak at government-organized public events and on television and radio" (21).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"There have been more than 16,000 child marriages in Florida since 2001, according to group Unchained at Last" (para 20).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Illegal child marriage was reportedly common in certain social groups, particularly Roma. Media occasionally reported individual cases. There were no public policies to prevent child marriage or government institutions that dealt with the problem" (26).
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:46 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Malaysian authorities are investigating the marriage between an 11-year-old Thai girl and a 41-year-old Malaysian Muslim that has sparked public outrage and calls for child brides to be banned" (para.1).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Many neighborhood committees also actively discouraged the practice [of early marriage]" (para 115)
Sept. 12, 2018, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The Nordic country has a minimum age of 18, but allows 16- and 17-year-olds to marry with parental consent and permission from the county governor. A government spokeswoman said very few under 18s had sought to wed in recent years" (para. 2)
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In 2017, the NGO received a further 8,870 calls, including more than 200 from or about children under 15, and gave advice regarding eight new clients under 10" (para. 3).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"While no statistics were available, reports of marriages involving a person younger than 18 years were rare" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Her second daughter dropped out after just one year of education and was married at 14" (para 17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"A 15-year-old Syrian schoolgirl has been given permission by the German authorities to marry the father of her baby in the latest example of migrant child brides. The authorities in Dusseldorf have decided it is acceptable for the girl to begin 'married life' with her 19-year-old boyfriend. It is the latest example of the German authorities bending national rules to mollify some migrant cultures which condone child brides" (para 1-3). "Child protection services have reportedly supervised 12 under-age marriages in Dusseldorf over the last ten years. In one case the girl was only 14" (para 5).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Marriages involving persons under age 18 were rare" (9).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"To circumvent these laws, individuals reportedly bribed police or paid a bride price to the family of the girl to avoid prosecution. According to Human Rights Watch (HRW), girls as young as seven were married" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:56 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Thai women historically have been used as chattel. F.A. Neale’s book, ‘Residence in Siam’, written in the late 19th century, explains that he witnessed fathers taking their unmarried 13 year old daughters, “having reached their expiration date”, to their shops to be “ sold to the highest bidder”, or even “sold to Arab merchants”. Dok Kaew, the practice of selling off a daughter at a young age to a male buyer – although not available until she came of age – was evident in Thailand until the ’90s" (para 5).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"It also notes with concern the prevalence of harmful practices such as child marriage in some areas of the State party and about the persistence of gender bias and gender stereotypes in the media" (5).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Parental or judicial consent to marry is required for individuals younger than 18. Nevertheless, the traditional practice of “ukuthwala,” the arranged marriage of girls as young as age 12 to adult men, occurred in remote villages in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces" (35-36).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Boys and girls may legally marry at age 15, and the law permits marriage at age 14 with parental and village consent. Marriage at such young ages did not appear to be common" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Customary and traditional practices allow marriage of children as young as age 12, and early marriage was common in many traditional, isolated rural communities. Child brides frequently were taken as additional wives or given as brides to pay family debts and often were used as domestic servants. Child brides were particularly vulnerable to domestic abuse. Lack of resources and access to remote regions hampered the government’s ability to take steps to prevent child marriages and enforce the law" (17-18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The judiciary approved the vast majority of petitions for underage marriages. Child marriage remained a concern" (31).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The minimum marital age was not widely enforced, and civic education on early marriage was carried out mainly by NGOs" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Other human rights problems included...child abuse and child marriage…" (1). "Nevertheless, according to the UN Population Fund, child marriage remained very common, particularly in rural areas and in the south...According to a 2013 report by the UN special rapporteur, the practice of 'moletry,' in which girls are married off at a younger age in exchange for oxen received as a dowry, continued. The parents of a boy (usually around age 15) look for a spouse for their son (girls may be as young as age 12), after which the parents of both children organize the wedding" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1

"Cultural norms of some ethnic groups contributed to 35.4 percent of girls marrying before they reached 18 years and 9 percent marrying before attaining 15 years" (22).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The media reported some child marriages were temporary marriages intended to mask child prostitution. Families sometimes forced adolescent girls to marry wealthy foreign men in what were known locally as 'tourism' or 'summer' marriages for the purpose of sexual exploitation, prostitution, or forced labor" (42).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"While official statistics were unavailable, NGOs reported that child marriage was common in the small Romani community, with Romani girls often marrying between the ages of 15 and 17 (some as young as 13) and Romani boys marrying between the ages of 15 and 20...There were a limited number of marriages of children under 18 in Athens and among the Muslim minority, performed with the permission of a prosecutor." (23).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee expresses concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage, polygamy, female genital mutilation and other forms of excision, humiliating and degrading widowhood practices, force-feeding, levirate and sororate, remain prevalent and unpunished in the State party" (page 6) (Coder comment: the practice of force-feeding in Mali is intended to give young girls a rounder, more "mature-looking" body so that they can be married as soon as possible - ARR). "The Committee remains concerned (see CEDAW/C/MLI/CO/5, para. 27) at the extremely low completion rate for girls at the secondary level owing to, among other things, early and child marriage" (page 9).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRW-LAW-4, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Extramarital community with a minor: Article 216: 1) An adult person who lives in an extramarital community with a minor, shall be punished by an imprisonment sentence of three months to three years. 2) A parent, adoptive parent or a guardian who enables a minor to live in an extramarital community with another person or incites him/her into it shall be punished by a penalty referred to in Paragraph 1 of this Article. 3) If an act as of Paragraph 2 of this Article is done by force, threat, or for gain, the perpetrator shall be punished by an imprisonment sentence of six months to five years. 4) If a...more
June 30, 2018, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Nearly all Indian women marry by their late 20s, and births out of wedlock are vanishingly rare" (Para 3).
June 10, 2018, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

"Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim nation, is among 10 countries with the highest number of girls marrying before they turn 18, according to campaign group Girls Not Brides" (Para 4).
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage was a problem, particularly in communities of African or Asian descent. According to human rights observers, 70,000 children between the ages of 10 and 18 were at risk of forced marriage" (19).
May 31, 2018, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep, Chad, Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"This is crucial work since in sub-Saharan Africa, 40% of women are married as children, according to UNICEF. These girls are married off before they are physically or emotionally mature enough to become wives or mothers. Child marriage is an issue which affects girls in almost every country on the continent to a greater or lesser extent -- ten of the fifteen countries worldwide with the highest rates of child marriage are in Africa. In Niger, for example, as many as 76% of girls are married before they reach the age of 18; in Chad and the Central African Republic, it is 68%" (para 4).more
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Almost one in five women aged 20-29 were married before the age of 18" (para 16).