The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-PRACTICE-1

March 24, 2021, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Being the daughter of a sanitation worker, who belongs to one of the most backward and outcast communities, depravation and discrimination have been a part of the 16-year-old’s life for as long as she can remember. So naturally, she was ready to give up the ‘perk’ of schooling after which she knew she parents would start talking about an early marriage" (para 3). "This conditional cash transfer scheme is exactly what young girls in Bengal need to fully enjoy their childhood and also secure their future? After all, neither the odds nor the statistics paint a favourable picture. According to government data, out of the total number of 1.73 crore...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Each year, in El Hawamdia and other impoverished rural communities across Egypt, thousands of girls between the ages of 11 and 18 are sold by their parents to wealthy, much older Gulf Arab men under the pretext of marriage. The sham nuptials may last from a couple of hours to years, depending on the negotiated arrangement" (para 3). "The brokers, usually second-rate lawyers, also offer a delivery service. Village girls as young as 11 are brought to the Arab tourists’ hotel or rented flat for selection. Arab men travelling with their wives and children often arrange a separate flat for such purposes" (para 8).
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In Zaatari camp - a city of the dispossessed sprouting in the desert - some are married before they reach their teens" (para 9). "Jordanian midwife Mounira Shaban, known in the camp as 'Mama Mounira', was invited to the wedding of a 12-year old girl and a 14-year old boy. She could not bring herself to attend. 'I felt like I wanted to cry,' she said. 'I felt like she was my daughter. I think this is violence. It's a shame. If a girl is 18 or over they think she is old and will not marry'" (para 10-11). "'These guys from the Gulf know there are families in need...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In Zaatari camp - a city of the dispossessed sprouting in the desert - some are married before they reach their teens" (para 9). "Jordanian midwife Mounira Shaban, known in the camp as 'Mama Mounira', was invited to the wedding of a 12-year old girl and a 14-year old boy. She could not bring herself to attend. 'I felt like I wanted to cry,' she said. 'I felt like she was my daughter. I think this is violence. It's a shame. If a girl is 18 or over they think she is old and will not marry'" (para 10-11). "'These guys from the Gulf know there are families in need...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 10:01 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"'In some Iranian tribes where child marriage is common, girls between the ages of 14 and 15 also have to take care of their families,' Zahra Rahimi of the Imam Ali's Popular Students Relief Society was quoted as saying" (para 13).
Feb. 10, 2021, 1:09 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage is rampant in this part of Nepal. Girls are seen as a burden and an additional mouth to feed. Villagers often marry off their girls before their menstruation starts — it is believed that if they do so, the immediate family will go to heaven" (para 12).
Feb. 10, 2021, 12:44 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The local Salafi leader, whose ultra-conservative views condone the marriage of girls as young as nine, has a history of abducting Coptic Christian girls and forcing them to convert to Islam and marry Muslim men, claim rights activists" (para 2).“'Egypt has laws in place to protect girls under 18, but Salafis do not accept them,' says Amal Abdel Hadi, head of the New Woman Foundation. 'To them, a girl is only a minor until she has her first period'” (para 13).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"While noting that the implementation of the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act has led to a certain decrease in the number of cases of early and forced marriage, the Committee is concerned that the State party’s declaration regarding article 16 (2) has not been withdrawn. The Committee also notes with concern the high prevalence of such marriages and that victims of child marriage must file a petition with a court to void the marriage within two years after reaching the age of majority. The Committee is equally concerned at reports that judges often authorize marriages of underage girls based on Muslim personal laws and that no legislation ensuring the registration...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

“The main focus of efforts to eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices against women is the implementation of the Impact and Resource Mobilization Strategy for the Implementation and Monitoring of the National Policy for Gender Equality and Equity, with priority attention to the issue of domestic violence, which is a major concern, especially in relation to early marriage, polygamy, levirate and acts of violence against children and older women considered to be witches” (pp. 24). “With a view to preventing such practices, on 29 July 2015 the Ministry of Family and Promotion of Women launched a national campaign to prevent early pregnancy and marriage in Angola. Campaign activities have included awareness-raising...more
Jan. 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Another women, called Salome, said she was just 13 years old when she learned that she was going to be cut and married off to an older man she had never met" (para 23).
Jan. 4, 2021, 3:50 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In addition, informal unions--or cohabitations--are common in Brazil and many other countries in Latin America, which also helps mask the problem, as these unions are often not considered to be 'marriage'" (para 2).
Jan. 4, 2021, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Less common, however, are efforts to combat this practice in Latin America, despite high numbers in the region: According to a report launched in July by Promundo, a Brazil-based non-governmental organization (NGO), Brazil is ranked fourth in the world in terms of absolute numbers of girls married or co-habitating by age fifteen. More than 870 thousand women ages twenty to twenty-four years are married by age fifteen, and about three million--or 36 percent--will be married by eighteen" (para 1).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"And so it was that Grace was abducted on motorbike by her betrothed early one morning - all with the complicity of her father...She was only 12" (para 17, 19). "While it is true that Tanzania does not rank among the countries with the highest rates of child marriage, with four out of 10 girls being married before their 18th birthdays, it seems to be a problem that is not going away" (para 28). "In the Shinyanga region, more than 59 percent of girls like Grace - some of them as young as nine - are forced into child marriages. Itendelebanya believes that the actual figure is concealed by the...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"…girls are often married off when they're as young as 10 and, occasionally, the groom may be underage, too, according to Birhamani" (para 6).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Zakura, now eight, has the support of her father who wants her to avoid the preordained female fate for 11 or 12 year olds in his traditional and partly nomadic society in Wadi Qelt valley" (para 2). "The father - who was Vdovin’s guide and fixer on a previous unrelated filming trip - offered the Russian the chance to take his daughter and raise her in Moscow, and even marry her when she reached 12" (para 29).
Dec. 23, 2020, 10:47 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"This Nikahnama calls for registration of all marriages, calls for denial of second marriage unless there is a valid ground like death of the first wife etc, calls for minimum age of marriage for girls to be 18, (for boys 21), wife should have due place in the household even after the death of husband, divorce should be permitted in the physical presence of husband and wife both and it should be supported by legal documents, and in case of women demanding divorce, her voice should be respected and she should be allowed to keep personal belongings" (para 2). This is a model that calls for changes within the Muslim...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Girls are married as early as possible after initiation of menses under the pretext that moulding into the reproductive role is easier at a younger age" (para 28, 32). "Having inferior status, women are compelled to follow the socially constructed model that disempowers them into surrendering their own abilities to take decisions; forces them to abide by the pre-established norms that restrict mobility, controls their social interactions and limits access to education and information; pushes them into early marriage and violence; and excludes them from the larger society of which they are a significant part" (para 46).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"In 2007, the minimum age for marriage was fixed at 15 years old for women. Sharia courts are able to make exceptions to the minimum age requirement in cases of 'urgent need'. It is ambiguous what situations constitute an 'urgent need'" (4).
Nov. 24, 2020, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

“The certificate said she was 18, but the family has a birth certificate showing she is 13, according to a Catholic organisation called Aid to the Church in Need” (para 12). “The group says that traditionalist customs and religious views mean some families believe they should ‘marry off their daughters once they reach puberty’” (para 15).
Nov. 23, 2020, 6:17 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, IW-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"It is concerned, however, at the persistence of adverse cultural norms, practices and traditions as well as patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles, responsibilities and identities of women and men in the family and society. It notes that stereotypes contribute to the persistence of violence against women as well as harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, levirate and sororate, child marriage, polygamy, repudiation, and food prohibitions or taboos. The Committee is also concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient action to modify or eliminate such stereotypes and harmful practices" (Art. 18).
Nov. 18, 2020, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-PRACTICE-7, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-LAW-1, PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that, despite efforts such as the Royal Decree No. 55/2010 to prevent the practice of dowry from limiting women’s rights to choose their husbands freely, this custom continues to negatively impact on the rights of women. In this context it is also concerned about the fact that the man is considered the head of the family and married women cannot freely choose their place of residence according to the Personal Status Code. Furthermore the Committee is concerned at reports that, despite the legal prohibition, marriage of girls under the age of 18 is still widely practised and accepted by Omani custom. The Committee is also concerned...more
Nov. 18, 2020, 2 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMPP-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"It is also concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, son preference, polygamy, widows accused of witchcraft, and such practices as c haupadi, j huma, d euki and d han- k haane" (Article 17). Chhaupadi is a form of menstrual taboo which prohibits Hindu women and girls from participating in normal family activities while menstruating, as they are considered impure. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 13, 2020, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party for its comprehensive Family Code, however, it is concerned that many women, particularly those married only under religious law, do not benefit from all the rights stipulated therein and are denied economic protection upon the dissolution of their unrecognized marriage. The Committee is also concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages, notwithstanding the setting of the minimum age of marriage at 18 years... concern at the high prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child marriage and bride kidnapping, and that to date, the State party has not taken sustained measures to modify or eliminate discriminatory stereotypes, negative traditional...more
Nov. 12, 2020, 7:39 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/KAZ/CO/2, para. 13) and remains concerned at the persistence of some forms of harmful practices and traditions and patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, in particular those portraying women as caregivers. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to the increased harmful practice of child marriage and polygamy among certain ethnic groups, and hence to the disadvantaged and unequal status of women in society" (Article 16).
Nov. 11, 2020, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the continued application of the discriminatory provisions contained in the State party’s Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement of walis (guardians) for women for the marriage notwithstanding the woman’s consent, and the restrictions on women’s right to work and to divorce. The Committee is further concerned that early marriage remains lawful and, that girls can marry in exceptional cases at the age of 15 years, which, among other things leads to girls dropping out of school. The Committee is also concerned about the persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance, both as daughters and as widows" (Article 49).more
Oct. 31, 2020, 12:03 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"It notes that stereotypes contribute to the persistence of violence against women and practices harmful to women and girls, such as female circumcision, early marriage, arranged marriage and polygamy. The Committee expresses its deep concern that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 23).
Oct. 30, 2020, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 20). Sati is a practice in India where a widow throws herself onto her husband's funeral pyre. A woman who is a devadasi in modern times is a sex slave. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 27, 2020, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned about the prevalence of harmful practices such as early marriages in rural areas and about the persistence of traditional customs limiting women’s access to inheritance and land" (Article 38).
Oct. 27, 2020, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that child marriage continues to be practised among some ethnic groups and that research on the scale, causes and consequences of the phenomenon is lacking" (Article 18). Practice of child marriage. (CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"On September 12, 2012 the government of the Republic of Armenia adopted a Draft Law ‘On Amending the Family Code of the Republic of Armenia’. According to this law, 18 years is determined as a minimum threshold of the marriage age for both men and women.44 However, early and forced marriage of girls is still practiced within the Yezidi community, and is grounded in the lack of value placed on women’s and girls’ role in society.45 Human Rights Report 2015 also states that early marriage of girls was reportedly more frequent within the Yezidi communities, but the government took no measures to document the scale or address the practice" (17-18).more