The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-PRACTICE-1

June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"CSOs, schools and social protection institutions, coordinators for Roma issues and female health mediators provide a significant contribution to prevention of underage marriages" (41). "The Draft Law on Gender Equality sets out a duty to organise and implement problems to address the issues of early pregnancy and entering into a domestic partnership where at least one person is younger than 16 years of age and a duty to organise and implement preventative examinations for early detection of diseases of higher social and medical importance" (41). "According to the data available to the Office for K&M, there are still cases of early marriages in the territory of Kosovo and Metohija, particularly...more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Women subject to this system of social control are married, often early, into households headed by their husband’s fathers" (pg 2).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"…The traditional practice of 'ukuthwala,' the arranged marriage of girls as young as age 12 to older men, occurred in remote villages in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal provinces" (27).
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In Papua New Guinea, women tend to marry earlier than men. Among those age 25-49, the median age at first marriage is 20.4 years among women and 25.0 years among men (Figure 4.2). Twenty-nine percent of women but only 7% of men age 25-49 marry before their 18th birthday (Table 4.3)" (67).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Congress is in the process of approving a decree establishing that the minimum age for marriage be 18 for men and women, with exceptions allowed at 16 years of age for well-founded reasons and a competent judge’s order. It is worth underscoring that acceptance of de facto unions between minors will not be allowed" (10).
May 7, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Ibrahim Kanuma winces as he recalls the moment a 63-year-old man asked him for his teenage daughter's hand in marriage. The proposal was not unusual in north-western Nigeria's remote, dust-blown state of Zamfara, but he considered the suitor too old for his only daughter, Zainab, 13." (para 1). "'I wouldn't force my daughter to marry somebody she doesn't like, but as soon as a girl is of age [starts menstruating], she should be married,' Kanuma says." (para 5). "The obscure ruling will have little direct impact on the one in four rural northern Nigerian girls married off before they turn 15, but it reveals prevailing attitudes in a nation with...more
May 6, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Anecdotal evidence suggested child marriage was more common in rural areas and refugee camps than in urban areas." (37).
April 28, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum age for marriage is 18. If it finds marriage to be in the child’s interest, a court may grant a child as young as 16 permission to marry. Romani rights groups reported that early marriages involving girls under the age of 18 were common in the Romani community." (39).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The law sets a minimum age of 18 for marriage for both boys and girls. The prevalence of child marriage varied widely among regions, with figures ranging from 76 percent in the Northwest to 10 percent in the Southeast. Only 24 state assemblies adopted the Child Rights Act of 2003, which sets the minimum marriage age, and most states, especially northern states, did not uphold the federal official minimum age for marriage. The government engaged religious leaders, emirs, and sultans on the problem, emphasizing the health hazards of early marriage. Certain states worked with NGO programs to establish school subsidies or fee waivers for children to help protect against early...more
April 9, 2020, 8:29 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Hanan Yahya, now an aide to Detroit City Councilwoman Raquel Castaneda-Lopez, was a member of Universal Academy's class of 2012. She says almost all of her classmates were married within the first year after high school, for reasons similar to those given by today's brides" (para 22).
April 9, 2020, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"One in four girls in Indonesia is married before they turn 18, according to a 2016 report by Indonesia's Statistics Agency and the United Nations children's fund UNICEF" (para 4). "'The society still encourages girls to get married in their teenage years, otherwise they will be considered spinsters,' said Masruchah of the National Commission on Violence Against Women" (para 5).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1

"According to a 2017 nationally representative Gallup survey, 24.7 percent of women were married before the age of 18" (43).
March 24, 2020, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Yet a law alone will not be enough to stop girls from being married before 18, said campaign group Girls Not Brides (GNB). The campaign group's Ruth Koshal said: 'It is essential to empower girls, to protect their rights and provide meaningful alternatives to marriage that are valued by communities, such as education.'" (para 6-7). "The government should engage with local communities to try to change attitudes towards child marriage, instead of threatening families with prison sentences, said Isatou Jeng of the Gambian women's rights organisation Girls Agenda" (para 10). "While many activists supported the ban, some fear it could drive the deeply entrenched practice underground, unless efforts are stepped...more
March 7, 2020, 6:39 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"For El Hadji Souley Moussa, a 60-year-old retired bank employee in Niger, 'marrying off a daughter when she is young is a source of great pride. This way, she is protected from pregnancy outside of marriage.'" (para 1). "It is no wonder that a population and health survey conducted in 2012 by the Ministry of Public Health, and released this July, revealed that 75 percent of girls get married before the age of 18 in this Sahelien country of 16 million in West Africa. According to the study, young girls aged between 15 and 19 years are the most vulnerable" (para 2). "Yahaya Issa, a guidance counsellor at the Ministry...more
March 4, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In a country where a third of girls marry before age 18, child marriage forces many girls out of education… Under Afghan law, the minimum age of marriage for girls is 16, or 15 with the permission of the girl’s father or a judge. In practice, the law is rarely enforced, so even earlier marriages occur. The consequences of child marriage are deeply harmful, and they include girls dropping out or being excluded from education. " (9).
Feb. 8, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The SADHS 2016 results indicate that early unions (marriage or living together with a partner as though married) are rare in South Africa. Among women who are currently age 25-49, 2% were in a union by age 15, 7% by age 18, 13% by age 20, 20% by age 22, and 31% by age 25 (Table 4.3). Forty-four percent of women age 25-49 have never been in a union. The proportion of women who have been in a union by age 25 is so low that it is not possible to calculate a median age at first union for this age group (less than half of women began living with...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Between 2012 and 2015, several campaigns were carried out (MPFIFD and associations) to raise awareness among local and religious leaders and the general population throughout the country about the primacy of modern law condemning discriminatory customary practices and local traditions. (...) (iv) early marriages and pregnancies, (v) gender violence perpetrated in the name of tradition. Forums and radio and television broadcasts dramatizing scenes of daily life and the use of national languages are used to reach all segments of society" (8).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Combatants reportedly involved married boys between the ages of 12 and 15 in fighting in the northern tribal areas; tribal custom considered married boys as adults who owe allegiance to the tribe" (15). "There is no minimum age for marriage, and girls married as young as eight years of age" (31).
Jan. 2, 2020, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"'They forcefully took us away and kept us like prisoners,' Lydia Musa, a former Boko Haram captive who was abducted at the age of 14 during an attack on her village in Gwoza, in Nigeria’s north eastern Borno State, tells IPS. Musa and two other underaged girls were captured and forced to marry Boko Haram fighters in spite of their protests that they were too young to marry. 'You must marry whether you like it or not they told us as they pointed guns at us,' the now 16-year-old girl recalls" (para 1-2). "Though the Child Rights Act set the marriageable age as 18, it failed in part because a...more
Dec. 21, 2019, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Poverty, climate change, low levels of literacy and gender inequality in education have fuelled child marriage in the country for years" (para 4).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Youthful marriage is not a phenomenon not unique to my close-knit immigrant community. Although the typical Michigander marries for the first time between the ages of 25 and 29, 1,184 girls and 477 boys between the ages of 15 and 19 were married in 2017, the most recent year for which state figures are available" (para 10).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, according to article 1041 of the country's Civil Law, there is no minimum age for marriage in Iran. The so-called 'Shari'a courts' can permit girls aged under fifteen to marry, provided the marriage is registered. However, in many cases, parents do not wait for a court ruling to give away their daughters, postponing the registration to years later" (para. 3-4). "Figures from Iran suggest child-marriage is rampant in the country, with girls younger than 14 forced to take husbands. The practice is most prevalent in rural areas" (para. 6). "Saeed Golestani, the area's crime-prevention deputy said the coercion of girls to marry early was encouraged to anchor boys to...more
Dec. 6, 2019, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"But the Afghan Civil Code is not the only source of law regarding child marriage in Afghanistan. Islamic law and customary rules or local tribal traditions also govern child marriage and sometimes contradict the national laws . . . According to Islamic law, a marriage is not valid if the individuals are either unwilling or too young to understand the implications that marriage entails. But Islamic law is vague about a specific age that is considered old enough for 'understanding,' leaving the question up to different interpretations by local religious leaders. Hussaini says pronouncements by various local mullahs across Afghanistan, particularly in rural areas with high illiteracy rates, have been...more
Nov. 1, 2019, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Over 30% of girls in Tanzania are married before their 18th birthday. According to UNICEF, Tanzania has the 11th highest absolute number of child brides in the world – 779,000" (para 2).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Underage marriage is possible with a judge’s permission and with the permission of both sets of parents; the law does not specify a minimum age in such a case" (24).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"According to some senior religious leaders, girls as young as 10 may marry" (44).
July 21, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-DATA-1

"Many school-aged children cannot go to school due to the displacement or destruction of their schools. Girls face a higher-than-ever risk of being married off before turning 18, as families seek to lessen their burdens by marrying off their young girls, while boys as young as 10 years old face recruitment by both warring parties: the Houthi-Ali Abdullah Saleh alliance and the pro-Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi militias" (para 3).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for men and 17 for women. A boy as young as 15 or a girl as young as 13 may marry if a judge deems both parties willing and 'physically mature,' and if the fathers or grandfathers of both parties consent" (Pg 48).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The extremely high rates of child marriage and/or forced marriage in the State party, affecting a quarter of married women and girls, which is compounded by the absence of any legal framework or strategic action to prohibit these harmful practices. The Committee notes the link between the high child marriage, fertility and maternal mortality rates and the disproportionately high illiteracy and poverty rates among women in the State party. It notes that most child marriages are conducted under customary law, which does not require the consent of the future spouses for marriage or a minimum age of marriage" (14).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported children as young as 12 were at times married in unofficial religious ceremonies, particularly in poor and rural regions and among the Syrian population living in the country. Early and forced marriage was particularly prevalent in the southeast, and women’s rights activists reported the problem remained serious. Media noted that official marriages only captured a fraction of underage marriages, since many such marriages were concluded as religious marriages only" (page 52).