The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-PRACTICE-1

June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The age of legal marriage for men and women is 18 years, although a judge may permit a person to marry younger when the judge or family deemed the marriage was in the minor’s interest. Child marriage occurred in rural communities as a traditional practice" (Pg 17).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The law sets a minimum age of 18 years for marriage for both boys and girls. According to the 2013 NDHS, 43 percent of women between ages 20 and 24 reported being married or in a union before age 18, and 17 percent reported being married or in a union before age 15. Fewer than half the country’s state assemblies adopted the Child Rights Act of 2003, which sets the minimum marriage age, and most states, especially northern states, did not uphold the federal official minimum age for marriage. The government engaged religious leaders, emirs, and sultans on the problem, pointing out the health hazards and improving their awareness of...more
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2, MABFC-DATA-1

"The law allows a girl deemed to be “sufficiently mature” to marry at 15. Some families entered into marriage agreements under which rural girls 12 or even younger were sent to their husband’s families to be under the “supervision” of their mothers-in-law. According to UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), 28 percent of women ages 20-24 married before age 15 and 76 percent married before age 18. According to the 2012 DHS, 36 percent of women 20-24 years old were first married or in union before they were 15 years old. Prevalence of child marriage was highest in the south, in the Diffa, Zinder, Maradi, and Tahoua regions. The Ministry...more
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 22 for men and 20 for women. Child marriage was not known to be a problem" (58).
June 11, 2019, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage was a serious problem, particularly in the Romani and Balkan Egyptian communities" (Pg 29).
June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Anti-child marriage activist site GirlsNotBrides.org attributes the high prevalence of child to gender inequality because females are perceived to be less valuable than males. However, the site also cites poverty and the quest for families to trade girls for money or property, traditional customs and the importance of keeping marriage within the family unit, and the staunch Sharia-based religious system as driving factors for the ongoing epidemic of child brides" (para 4). "The issue sparked a renewed wave of outrage in February after an 11-year-old girl, identified under the pseudonym Raha, was repeatedly raped after being forced to marry a man 40 years her senior who already had a wife...more
June 5, 2019, 1:20 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The Act tightened the requirements for marrying in England and Wales but did not apply in Scotland, where it was possible for boys to marry at 14 and girls at 12 with or without parental consent (see Marriage in Scotland)" (para 5).
June 5, 2019, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"As of September the Public Defender’s Office was reviewing 22 instances of alleged early marriage and the Ministry of Interior launched investigations into six cases. Reports of child marriages continued throughout the year, although there were no official statistics" (35).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 15 and before age 18 a) before age 15 ...0.0% b) before age 18 ... 5.3%" (xxi).
May 30, 2019, 11:13 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In some rural areas, girls as young as 15 were married in religious ceremonies not officially recognized by the state" (27).
May 30, 2019, 2:18 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Kyrgyzstan has taken significant steps to strengthen its laws such as the prohibition to perform child religious marriages" (para 4). This suggests that girls and boys are often married quite young (HGM - CODER COMMENT).
May 29, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage occurred within the Romani community but was not a widespread problem" (p. 13).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Combatants reportedly involved married boys ages 12 to 15 in armed conflicts in the northern tribal areas. Tribal custom considers married boys as adults who owe allegiance to the tribe. As a result, according to international and local human rights NGOs, half of tribal fighters were youths under 18" (17). "Early and forced marriage was a significant, widespread problem. There was no minimum age for marriage, and girls married as young as eight years of age, which traditionalists claimed served to assure they were virgins at the time of marriage...The conflict likely exacerbated the situation, but new information was not available" (40). "An assessment undertaken by Intersos in Ta’iz in...more
May 25, 2019, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Nonetheless, underage marriage is commonplace in Afghanistan by all accounts: In one study conducted by Human Rights Watch, it is estimated that 70% to 80% of women in Afghanistan face forced marriages, while 57% of girls are married before the legal marriage age of 16. In that survey, the overwhelming majority of married women and girls said that they did not marry by choice. Most married women and girls interviewed for a Human Rights Watch report were married before the age of 18. Among the women interviewed, the youngest reported age of marriage was 10-years-old and the oldest age of marriage was 20.71 Out of 100,000 births, 820 result in...more
May 22, 2019, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In a polar opposite move, by approving the Child Marriage Restraint Act 2017 with its special provision, Bangladesh, which had dropped from the fourth position in 2005 to the eighth position in 2016 in terms of highest global rates of child marriages, will essentially undo this progress" (Para 5).
May 21, 2019, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"No official marriages were reported of anyone under 16" (p. 13).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 15 with parental permission and 18 without. The government reportedly made few efforts to enforce the law" (44). "Local and international NGOs reported that the practice of husbands or their families threatening to divorce wives they married when the girls were very young (ages 12 to 16) to pressure the girl’s family to provide additional money to the girl’s husband and his family also occurred, particularly in the south" (44).
May 14, 2019, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Despite the changing mores, child marriage rates are among the highest in the world, and teenagers in Niger have more children than anywhere in the world, according to the United Nations. Driving the early marriages is a fear that girls will shame their families by becoming pregnant before they wed. Some girls are even kept out of school over those worries" (para 58-59). "'A girl must be married to avoid being in trouble,' said Laouali Oubandawaki Iro, the village chief of Giratawa, a town on the outskirts of Maradi, explaining the area’s traditions. He is in his early 60s. Two of his wives are teenagers" (para 60).
May 14, 2019, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"South Sudan has a deeply rooted cultural practice of paying dowries for brides, usually in the form of cows. It also has a long history of child marriage" (para 8). "Nyaluk's killing comes just months after the practice of forced marriage in Eastern Lakes state was thrown into the spotlight following the auction of a 17-year-old girl, which resulted in a man three times her age paying the country's largest-ever dowry. The man beat at least four other competitors with a winning bid of 500 cows, two luxury cars, $10,000, two bikes, a boat and a few cell phones. Among the bidders was the state's deputy governor" (para 13-14).more
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Some NGOs reported that, especially in rural areas, girls often married at 18 years, preventing them from completing their secondary school education. In indigenous villages, girls younger than 18 years who became pregnant could live as common- law wives with their child’s father after the men presented traditional apologies to the girls’ families, thereby avoiding the filing of a complaint to police by the families. The girls frequently married the fathers as soon as legally permissible" (17).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Only 2% of women age 25-49 report that they were first married by age 15, and 15% were first married by age 18. By age 20, 31% of women were married, and by age 25, 65% were married" (48).
May 9, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Anti-child marriage activist site GirlsNotBrides.org attributes the high prevalence of child to gender inequality because females are perceived to be less valuable than males. However, the site also cites poverty and the quest for families to trade girls for money or property, traditional customs and the importance of keeping marriage within the family unit, and the staunch Sharia-based religious system as driving factors for the ongoing epidemic of child brides" (para 4). "The issue sparked a renewed wave of outrage in February after an 11-year-old girl, identified under the pseudonym Raha, was repeatedly raped after being forced to marry a man 40 years her senior who already had a wife...more
May 4, 2019, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The legal age for marriage with parental consent is 15 years for girls and 16 years for boys. The government did not enforce this restriction effectively, and the traditional age of marriage in lower income groups coincided with the onset of puberty. In September the Ministry of Family and Protection of Women reported that four in 10 children in the country between the ages of 12 and 17 entered annually into legal or common-law marriages, citing rural areas within the provinces of Lunda Sul, Moxico, Huambo, Bie, and Malanje as places where early marriage was most prevalent" (p. 23).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Child welfare NGOs reported evidence of underage marriages, particularly in isolated religious communities or among HIV/AIDS orphans who had no relatives willing or able to take care of them. High rates of unemployment, the dropout of girls from school, and the inability of families to earn a stable income were major causes of child marriage" (37). "Families gave girls or young women to other families in marriage to avenge spirits, as compensatory payment in interfamily disputes, or when promised to others--to provide economic protection for the family. Some families sold their daughters as brides in exchange for food, and younger daughters at times married their deceased older sister’s husband as...more
April 24, 2019, 8:54 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In the Romani community, boys and girls generally married between the ages of 14 and 18, with 16 as the average age. Boys generally married a few years later than girls, and some girls married as early as age 12" (page 23).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Early marriages are present among Roma. In 2013, the MHRR BIH published Guidelines for Improving the Position of Roma Children in BiH while in order to prevent early marriages phenomenon, the campaign is conducted through the programmes implemented by the institutes for health care and Roma mediators" (37).
April 18, 2019, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Children in certain tribal communities often marry at an age below that set forth by the law" (13).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned at the operation of traditional systems of inheritance alongside the Inheritance Act of 1980, as well as the persistence of early and forced marriage, especially in the eastern region" (11).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The government stated that no marriages of children under 15 were registered with the Population Registry in 2016, but there may have been some such marriages that were not registered" (40).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for girls is 13, but girls as young as nine years old may be married with permission from the court and their fathers" (37).