The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ASR-LAW-1

Jan. 2, 2019, 10:04 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"A prestigious Hungarian university on Tuesday blasted a government decree that prohibits gender studies courses as a 'major infringement' on academic freedom. The decree, signed by Prime Minister Viktor Orban and in force since Saturday, dropped the subject from a list of masters degree programs entitled to official accreditation and financial support. Institutions are also now barred from launching new courses in the discipline, although students who have already begun courses may complete their studies, according to the decree" (para 1-3). "Orban's deputy Zsolt Semjen said later gender studies 'has no business (being taught) in universities,' because it is 'an ideology not a science'" (para 9).
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Provisions in laws or directives limiting women’s access to some studies and professions based on women’s characteristics as defined by the State party" (3).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Women were restricted from enrolling in several courses of study and faced limited program opportunities, quotas on program admission, and gender-segregated classes" (para 94). "Quotas and other restrictions, which varied across universities, limited women’s university admissions to certain fields, as well as to certain master’s and doctoral programs. According to the UN special rapporteur’s August report, universities continued gender-rationing policies, restricting women’s enrollment in some fields" (para 160)
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AFE-LAW-1, ASR-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to ensure equal access for women and girls to all levels of education and the increase in the rate of girls’ participation in primary and secondary education. The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) Discriminatory admission criteria that require women, but not men, to attain specific grades in order to enrol in certain traditionally male-dominated courses, such as engineering, at the tertiary level" (page 11).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Since children have equal opportunities to education, regardless of sex, there are no separate subjects for boys and girls, either in pre-university education or in secondary vocational, secondary specialized or higher education. Admission to vocational secondary education, specialized secondary and higher education is based on the average mark in the school diploma" (Pg 25).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Legislation and policies guarantee the right of students to freely choose their field of study at all educational levels according to their interests and abilities and in line with the principle of equality of opportunity, without gender discrimination" (37).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"In 2011 the National Agency for Education was commissioned to take action in 2011-2014 to strengthen quality and gender equality perspectives in study and vocational guidance. As part of this action the National Agency for Education is to offer continued professional development for study and career guidance advisers. The purpose of this action is to be able to give pupils broad, balanced and gender-neutral guidance to the labour market. This guidance is to assume that all occupational areas are possible for both girls and boys, women and men. As of the autumn term 2011 new curricula apply to the compulsory forms of school. The Curriculum for the compulsory school, preschool...more
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The vocational and technical training strategic plan 2008-2014, which widens training opportunities for girls in non-traditional fields" (pg 2).
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Experts...say the government proposal to lower the legal marriage age from 18 to 16 will be a disaster for many more Bangladeshi girls" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 7:42 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-1, ASR-LAW-2

"The country has a 12-year combination of general secondary education (9 years) and special secondary vocational education (3 years), which cover both young and adolescent boys and young and adolescent girls. General secondary education involves exactly the same programmes for boys and girls, with the exception of programmes for vocational training and physical education" (29)
April 8, 2016, 2:29 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The Iranian 'Supreme Revolutionary Council' ordered the government to include a program to 'take appropriate measures to guide women at the universities to find majors appropriate with family responsibilities'. The bill was ironically named, 'Promotion of women’s participation in higher education!' The efforts by the Iranian regime to eliminate women from higher education were intensified in 2012, when women were officially banned from studying in 77 majors and a cap was put in place for women who were allowed to study in other majors7. Majors where women's participation is either banned or restricted include political sciences, English language and literature, paleontology, restoration of historical buildings, counseling, general psychology, social work,...more
March 14, 2016, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The legislation of Georgia and the respective practices ensure the equal right to women with men in the field of education and in line with the Article 10 the same conditions for career and vocational guidance, access to any level of studies and educational establishments of all categories in rural as well as urban areas" (48)
Aug. 3, 2015, 3:36 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: AFE-LAW-1, ASR-LAW-1

"Under article L. 121-1 (amended by the Act of 8 February 2010), 'public elementary, middle and high schools and higher education institutions shall contribute to support gender diversity and equality'" (page 32).
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia

"In 2007 the number of female students at the University of Namibia was far higher than male students (600 compared to 175). However in traditionally male-oriented faculties, such as science and agriculture, there continued to be more male than female learners (552 compared to 350 and 124 compared to 81). At the Polytechnic of Namibia there were more female than male learners enrolled in the School of Business and Management (3377 compared to 2301), although there were more males enrolled in the Schools of Engineering and Information Technology (443 compared to 115 and 401 compared to 215)" (37)
June 15, 2015, 7:53 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Equal conditions are ensured in Lithuania both for men and women to choose a profession, to study under the same curricula, to take the same examinations as well as to have equal access to study grants, education, diplomas, post-graduate studies, etc" (23)
May 6, 2015, 1:54 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"All the schools throughout the Bahamas are co-educational and girls and boys are able to take the same subjects at primary and secondary schools and at institutions of higher learning. Generally they are made aware of these options by: career guidance counsellors, career expos/fairs and the school’s curriculum" (23). "All students are free to choose their programme of study providing they meet the entry-level requirements. A 'bridge programme' has been developed for those lacking the necessary competencies and skills in the areas of language arts and mathematics to participate in the courses. Upon successful completion of the bridge programme, these students are free to choose their course of study, irrespective...more
April 22, 2015, 2 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Elective classes on the Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad have been included in Turkish schools since 2012. The religious education class, on the other hand, is compulsory. A recent European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruling stated that high school students in Turkey must be allowed to opt out of this class to 'ensure respect for parents’ convictions' and to guarantee the right to education" (para 8-9)
Dec. 27, 2014, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Dozens of students from Baghdad University took to the streets Oct. 16 to protest the establishment of an all-girls university and to demand that separation of the sexes be forbidden in Iraqi universities" (para 1). "Based on the Ministry of Higher Education’s initiative, and with the approval of the Cabinet and parliament, the state put in place a plan to establish a private university for women in Baghdad to separate both sexes at the level of university education. It is a step that mimics the Iranian experience" (para 17).
May 26, 2014, 10:11 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"In recent years, the Iranian government has moved to increasingly restrict the enjoyment, by women, of the right to higher education. These restrictions include bans on women enrolment in approximately 14 fields of study ranging from petroleum and mechanical engineering (water, gas and installations) to emergency medical technology and religious studies, and placement of quotas that severely limit the percentage of women students in such fields of study as social sciences, mine, material, agricultural and civil engineering, physics and mathematics, and digital arts" (3)
Jan. 4, 2014, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The girls’ statement also called for legal changes to allow more women to be accepted to medical schools and technical colleges, as female students are currently required to score higher on these entrance exams than their male counterparts" (13). "The Burma government reduced the exam requirements for male applicants to medical school because women were earning higher scores and women doctors outnumbered men doctors. But in engineering schools and other technical colleges, male students are in the majority" (15)
Nov. 25, 2013, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Still, she was desperate to study in the West Bank, where she said 'the minds are different because they haven’t the siege.' But the Israeli court ruled, 2 to 1, against the four women on Sept. 24, accepting the state’s position that giving them travel permits would 'undermine the ‘separation’ policy, which is based on both security and political considerations'"
May 28, 2013, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"Saudi Arabia follows an ultraconservative interpretation of Shariah, or Islamic law. It still prohibits sports lessons in government-run girls’ schools, and female sports clubs are banned" (para 2)
May 28, 2013, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"Saudi Arabia’s official news agency says private girls’ schools are now allowed to hold sports activities in the kingdom, ‘according to the rules of Shariah’" (para 1)
April 13, 2013, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"As early as 2001, all Federal Provinces organized the first Daughters’ Day or Girls’ Day. Since then, this Girls’ Day has sought to arouse the interest of girls in technical and future-oriented occupations and professions" (7)
March 22, 2013, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Al-Shabaab has imposed their harsh interpretation of Islam on schools in areas that they control, prohibiting English, the sciences, and other subjects deemed improper, and enforcing severe restrictions on girls’ dress and interactions with male students. They have threatened and even killed teachers who resist their methods, lectured students on jihad and war as a recruitment tool, and placed their own teachers in schools. Lessons have been left devoid of substance, teachers have fled, and, where schools have not shut down entirely, children, deprived of any meaningful education and afraid for their safety, have dropped out in large numbers. Girls have dropped out disproportionately" (4)
Feb. 22, 2013, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The Ulema Council said that women were secondary to men, should never travel without male chaperons and should neither work nor study if it meant mixing with men" (para 14)
Dec. 7, 2012, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Girls and boys are admitted to technical and vocational courses on a competitive basis and take the same examinations. Scientific and technical subjects are open to applicants of both sexes at all levels of education" (18). "In the Comoros, at every level of education and in every grade, programmes and course content are the same for pupils of both sexes" (18)
Nov. 19, 2012, 9:42 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned that despite the slight increase of enrolment of girls in non-traditional areas (24.4% of girls in the Oil and Gas Institute, 23.6% in the Institute of Energy Studies, 41.6% in the Institute of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs), the traditional views of both students and teachers orient female students into areas of study perceived as appropriate to their social roles and participation in public life" (7, 8)
Nov. 19, 2012, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Men and women are guaranteed access to social services for training, education, spiritual development and vocational training; all forms and types of educational services provided by the State are universally accessible and free of charge. Men and women have the right to choose their educational establishment, language of instruction, and field and form of study. Young men and women studying in State educational establishments have the right to use textbooks, educational supplies and the school’s technological, scientific, cultural and sports facilities free of charge and can receive scholarships and grants" (34). "The State is responsible for setting up educational establishments at all levels. Students in the private sector take a...more
Sept. 18, 2012, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1, ASR-LAW-1

"In Kenya, providing information to young girls about the relative returns to vocational training in male or female-dominated industries increased girls’ enrollment in trade school courses that prepared them for typically male-dominated trades that yielded higher returns" (33)