The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ASR-LAW-1

Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Experts...say the government proposal to lower the legal marriage age from 18 to 16 will be a disaster for many more Bangladeshi girls" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 7:42 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-1, ASR-LAW-2

"The country has a 12-year combination of general secondary education (9 years) and special secondary vocational education (3 years), which cover both young and adolescent boys and young and adolescent girls. General secondary education involves exactly the same programmes for boys and girls, with the exception of programmes for vocational training and physical education" (29)
April 8, 2016, 2:29 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The Iranian 'Supreme Revolutionary Council' ordered the government to include a program to 'take appropriate measures to guide women at the universities to find majors appropriate with family responsibilities'. The bill was ironically named, 'Promotion of women’s participation in higher education!' The efforts by the Iranian regime to eliminate women from higher education were intensified in 2012, when women were officially banned from studying in 77 majors and a cap was put in place for women who were allowed to study in other majors7. Majors where women's participation is either banned or restricted include political sciences, English language and literature, paleontology, restoration of historical buildings, counseling, general psychology, social work, ...more
March 14, 2016, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The legislation of Georgia and the respective practices ensure the equal right to women with men in the field of education and in line with the Article 10 the same conditions for career and vocational guidance, access to any level of studies and educational establishments of all categories in rural as well as urban areas" (48)
Aug. 3, 2015, 3:36 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: AFE-LAW-1, ASR-LAW-1

"Under article L. 121-1 (amended by the Act of 8 February 2010), 'public elementary, middle and high schools and higher education institutions shall contribute to support gender diversity and equality'" (page 32).
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia

"In 2007 the number of female students at the University of Namibia was far higher than male students (600 compared to 175). However in traditionally male-oriented faculties, such as science and agriculture, there continued to be more male than female learners (552 compared to 350 and 124 compared to 81). At the Polytechnic of Namibia there were more female than male learners enrolled in the School of Business and Management (3377 compared to 2301), although there were more males enrolled in the Schools of Engineering and Information Technology (443 compared to 115 and 401 compared to 215)" (37)
June 15, 2015, 7:53 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Equal conditions are ensured in Lithuania both for men and women to choose a profession, to study under the same curricula, to take the same examinations as well as to have equal access to study grants, education, diplomas, post-graduate studies, etc" (23)
May 6, 2015, 1:54 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"All the schools throughout the Bahamas are co-educational and girls and boys are able to take the same subjects at primary and secondary schools and at institutions of higher learning. Generally they are made aware of these options by: career guidance counsellors, career expos/fairs and the school’s curriculum" (23). "All students are free to choose their programme of study providing they meet the entry-level requirements. A 'bridge programme' has been developed for those lacking the necessary competencies and skills in the areas of language arts and mathematics to participate in the courses. Upon successful completion of the bridge programme, these students are free to choose their course of study, irrespective ...more
April 22, 2015, 2 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Elective classes on the Quran and the life of the Prophet Muhammad have been included in Turkish schools since 2012. The religious education class, on the other hand, is compulsory. A recent European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruling stated that high school students in Turkey must be allowed to opt out of this class to 'ensure respect for parents’ convictions' and to guarantee the right to education" (para 8-9)
Dec. 27, 2014, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Dozens of students from Baghdad University took to the streets Oct. 16 to protest the establishment of an all-girls university and to demand that separation of the sexes be forbidden in Iraqi universities" (para 1). "Based on the Ministry of Higher Education’s initiative, and with the approval of the Cabinet and parliament, the state put in place a plan to establish a private university for women in Baghdad to separate both sexes at the level of university education. It is a step that mimics the Iranian experience" (para 17).
May 26, 2014, 10:11 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"In recent years, the Iranian government has moved to increasingly restrict the enjoyment, by women, of the right to higher education. These restrictions include bans on women enrolment in approximately 14 fields of study ranging from petroleum and mechanical engineering (water, gas and installations) to emergency medical technology and religious studies, and placement of quotas that severely limit the percentage of women students in such fields of study as social sciences, mine, material, agricultural and civil engineering, physics and mathematics, and digital arts" (3)
Jan. 4, 2014, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The girls’ statement also called for legal changes to allow more women to be accepted to medical schools and technical colleges, as female students are currently required to score higher on these entrance exams than their male counterparts" (13). "The Burma government reduced the exam requirements for male applicants to medical school because women were earning higher scores and women doctors outnumbered men doctors. But in engineering schools and other technical colleges, male students are in the majority" (15)
Nov. 25, 2013, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Still, she was desperate to study in the West Bank, where she said 'the minds are different because they haven’t the siege.' But the Israeli court ruled, 2 to 1, against the four women on Sept. 24, accepting the state’s position that giving them travel permits would 'undermine the ‘separation’ policy, which is based on both security and political considerations'"
May 28, 2013, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"Saudi Arabia follows an ultraconservative interpretation of Shariah, or Islamic law. It still prohibits sports lessons in government-run girls’ schools, and female sports clubs are banned" (para 2)
May 28, 2013, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"Saudi Arabia’s official news agency says private girls’ schools are now allowed to hold sports activities in the kingdom, ‘according to the rules of Shariah’" (para 1)
April 13, 2013, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"As early as 2001, all Federal Provinces organized the first Daughters’ Day or Girls’ Day. Since then, this Girls’ Day has sought to arouse the interest of girls in technical and future-oriented occupations and professions" (7)
March 22, 2013, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Al-Shabaab has imposed their harsh interpretation of Islam on schools in areas that they control, prohibiting English, the sciences, and other subjects deemed improper, and enforcing severe restrictions on girls’ dress and interactions with male students. They have threatened and even killed teachers who resist their methods, lectured students on jihad and war as a recruitment tool, and placed their own teachers in schools. Lessons have been left devoid of substance, teachers have fled, and, where schools have not shut down entirely, children, deprived of any meaningful education and afraid for their safety, have dropped out in large numbers. Girls have dropped out disproportionately" (4)
Feb. 22, 2013, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The Ulema Council said that women were secondary to men, should never travel without male chaperons and should neither work nor study if it meant mixing with men" (para 14)
Dec. 7, 2012, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Girls and boys are admitted to technical and vocational courses on a competitive basis and take the same examinations. Scientific and technical subjects are open to applicants of both sexes at all levels of education" (18). "In the Comoros, at every level of education and in every grade, programmes and course content are the same for pupils of both sexes" (18)
Nov. 19, 2012, 9:42 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned that despite the slight increase of enrolment of girls in non-traditional areas (24.4% of girls in the Oil and Gas Institute, 23.6% in the Institute of Energy Studies, 41.6% in the Institute of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs), the traditional views of both students and teachers orient female students into areas of study perceived as appropriate to their social roles and participation in public life" (7, 8)
Nov. 19, 2012, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Men and women are guaranteed access to social services for training, education, spiritual development and vocational training; all forms and types of educational services provided by the State are universally accessible and free of charge. Men and women have the right to choose their educational establishment, language of instruction, and field and form of study. Young men and women studying in State educational establishments have the right to use textbooks, educational supplies and the school’s technological, scientific, cultural and sports facilities free of charge and can receive scholarships and grants" (34). "The State is responsible for setting up educational establishments at all levels. Students in the private sector take a ...more
Sept. 18, 2012, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1, ASR-LAW-1

"In Kenya, providing information to young girls about the relative returns to vocational training in male or female-dominated industries increased girls’ enrollment in trade school courses that prepared them for typically male-dominated trades that yielded higher returns" (33)
Sept. 12, 2012, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The Reform of Secondary Education Programme (ROSE) exposes all students to a common curriculum. Students are afforded the opportunity to explore their aptitudes for areas that may have been previously stereotyped and these can be pursued in upper grades. The effort is being reinforced with the infusion of career guidance in all subject areas of the grades 7-9 curriculum in order to influence their minds in a positive way" (33). "The educational system does not place students in different streams or 'tracks' in an obvious way but it does facilitate schools using their own method of organizing students in groups. The system does dictate that each student should be at ...more
Aug. 31, 2012, 6:10 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Women are permitted to enter all fields of study, and admissions requirements are nondiscriminatory. Schools and universities are not segregated by gender" (16)
July 3, 2012, 3 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, or social status; however, enforcement of these prohibitions was uneven" (Section 6).
June 28, 2012, 12:18 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"During the Taliban time the vast majority of girls did not receive an education, particularly those in urban areas and those over the age of eight. The UN estimated that only 3 percent of girls received some kind of primary education.11 Some girls’ education continued in secret, in other areas local Taliban leaders turned a blind eye to girls’ schools.12 Nikba Shah, a former teacher in the Lycee Ajani for girls, in Samangan province, worked secretly in a home school soon after the Taliban took over her area in 1998" (18)
June 20, 2012, 4:28 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"CEDAW stipulates that States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to modify the social and cultural patterns of conduct of men and women, with a view to achieving the elimination of prejudices and customary and all other practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority or the superiority of either of the sexes or on stereotyped roles for men and women. Based on this, we submitted our proposals to the Ministry of Education and Research, which, however, were rejected. The Ministry, for instance, preferred not to include in the Operational Programme our formulation: 'Education, training and culture play a key role in defining and shaping gender stereotypes. Women ...more
May 22, 2012, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The UK has no equivalent to the US law 'Title IX', which states that 'no person shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in…any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance', and thus ensures that schools' expenditure on sport benefits girls and boys equally" (51)
May 18, 2012, 5:18 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"Vocational education provided to women generally directs them toward stereotypically female roles, and even when courses for male-dominated vocations are open to girls, social norms render it difficult for girls to enroll" (17)
May 14, 2012, 11:42 a.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: ASR-LAW-1

"The Government is also committed to encourage girls to take up non-traditional subjects including science and technology as well as choosing careers which were male- dominated. Government also provides scholarships equally to boys and girls and financial assistance to needy students for purchase of books and payment of examination fees. Some private firms and parastatal bodies also offer scholarships to children of their employees. The Government’s vision is to transform Mauritius into a cyber-island/knowledge hub. School IT projects are being implemented in primary schools which enable the young pupils to learn IT as a subject and use IT as a tool in other subjects. The access of the general public ...more