The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ASR-LAW-2

Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-1, ASR-LAW-2

"The country has a 12-year combination of general secondary education (9 years) and special secondary vocational education (3 years), which cover both young and adolescent boys and young and adolescent girls. General secondary education involves exactly the same programmes for boys and girls, with the exception of programmes for vocational training and physical education" (29)
March 1, 2016, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"In the UK there is no requirement that schools' expenditure on sport benefit girls and boys equally" (12)
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

""No, there are no legal prohibitions for women participating in school-related sports." Natalya Bochkor" (18)
Jan. 6, 2016, 1:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-2, ASR-LAW-2, SRACE-PRACTICE-1

"They [the women on the Shura Council] were critical in pushing for a ban on women’s participation in sports in schools to be lifted, for example, and took up a petition to discuss the issue of women driving," (20).
Dec. 19, 2015, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-2, ASR-LAW-2, ASR-DATA-2

"But I think I can hold on, just barely, by the skin of my teeth, and the grit I’ve developed living while female. I can hold on because of one more story in the paper, by my friend Petula Dvorak, about a youth basketball team that was disqualified from competing in a national tournament because one of its members is a girl. This team, with its point guard Kymora Johnson, had competed for the past two years without incident. But a recent regulation change, restricting participants to those of the male variety, went into effect this year. Girls can only sit on the bench. 'We have no problem with the ...more
Aug. 18, 2015, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Similarly, women can participate in sport activities and sports are also included in girls’ school curriculums" (37)
Aug. 3, 2015, 3:36 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Agreements for the promotion of women's sport will be signed with all sport federations. The list of major sport events included in the Decree of 22 December 2004 will be amended so as to give women's competitions the place that they deserve. A relevant draft decree has been transmitted to the European Commission. Lastly, the draft Gender Equality Act establishes parity in the governing bodies of sport federations as an objective to be attained by 2020" (page 37).
May 6, 2015, 1:54 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"There are no regulations that prohibit the participation of women and girls in sports and physical education" (30)
Sept. 24, 2014, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"A court in Germany has ruled that a Muslim schoolgirl should take part in mixed-sex swimming lessons. Her parents had insisted that the girl, 13, not take part in swimming lessons at her school in Frankfurt. Some Muslim parents say that such lessons run contrary to Islamic principles of modesty. However, the judge in the case said the girl could wear an all-over swimming garment sometimes dubbed a 'burkini' in order to accommodate her beliefs" (para1-3). "The judges in Germany's Federal Administrative Court ruled that 'the basic right to religious freedom does not... provide for any demand not to be confronted at school with the behavioural habits of third parties ...more
Sept. 16, 2014, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-2, ASR-LAW-2

"The Ministry of Education announced in May that girls enrolled in private schools could take part in supervised sports if they wear 'decent clothing,' but failed to announce a promised national strategy to promote sports for girls in government-funded schools" (2).
May 14, 2014, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Saudi authorities have been asked to consider lifting a state school ban on sports for girls, according to the official SPA news agency" (para 1)
Nov. 4, 2013, 7:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Two Saudi women represented the kingdom at the Olympics for the first time this year, despite a ban on women taking part in sports inside the kingdom" (para 12)
Aug. 10, 2013, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"There are no written laws that prohibit women from participating in sports, but women are not allowed into stadiums and they cannot rent athletic venues. There is no physical education for girls in public schools, and no women-only hours at swimming pools. Women cannot register for sports clubs, league competitions and other female-only tournaments with the government. They are banned from entering all-male national trials, which makes it impossible for them to qualify for international competitions, including the Olympics" (1)
May 17, 2013, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Article 42 [of 1984 Sex Discrimination Act]: Sport. (1) Nothing in Division 1 or 2 renders it unlawful to exclude persons of one sex from participation in any competitive sporting activity in which the strength, stamina or physique of competitors is relevant. (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to the exclusion of persons from participation in: (a) the coaching of persons engaged in any sporting activity; (b) the umpiring or refereeing of any sporting activity; (c) the administration of any sporting activity; (d) any prescribed sporting activity; or (e) sporting activities by children who have not yet attained the age of 12 years" (42)
May 8, 2013, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

“'Saudi Arabia has pretty much decided to play hedgehog, head pulled in, spikes out,' said Christoph Wilcke, a senior researcher for Human Rights Watch, who wrote a scathing report about the discrimination against female athletes in the ultraconservative Islamic kingdom, where even physical education classes and sports club memberships are prohibited" (para 3). "There is still the unsettled case of Saudi Arabia, which bars women from sports, claiming it will lead to immoral behavior, by using tradition and discredited science. The Human Rights Watch report issued in February referred to a religious scholar who said that ‘the health of a virgin girl will be affected by too much movement and ...more
May 7, 2013, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Access to education is a right guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Angola. Article 79, no. 1, of the Angolan Constitution states that the Government will promote access to literacy training, education and sports, and will encourage the participation of various private agents in making such access a reality" (17)
March 29, 2013, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Saudi women in general are denied the right to practice sports. Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world that prevents girls from taking part in sports in government schools. Physical education is allowed only in private schools. Women are not allowed to play in official sports clubs or even watch matches in stadiums. Girls' football, volleyball and basketball games in private schools and colleges are held secretly" (para 5)
Feb. 19, 2013, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"The report urges the I.O.C. to pressure the Saudi Olympic Committee to form a women’s section, to provide financing for women’s sports and to start a campaign to encourage Saudi women to compete in sports. The report also calls for a timeline and strategy for establishing physical education programs for girls in public schools" (para 17)
Dec. 7, 2012, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"In the Comoros, all primary and secondary school pupils of both sexes may participate in all disciplines of sports and physical education. This means that girls and boys have the same opportunities to participate actively in sports and physical education" (21)
Aug. 14, 2012, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"When Saudi Arabia introduced schooling for girls in the 1960s, physical education was not part of their curriculum in government schools. This situation continues today. Girls in state schools receive no physical education, either at the elementary or secondary levels" (7). "As late as December 2010 the spokesperson for the Ministry of Education said that the ministry would impose penalties on any state school found to be conducting sport activities for girls, as this was against prevailing law" (10). "Sheikh Dr. Abd al-Karim al-Khudair, a prominent opponent of allowing women and girls to practice sport, wrote that calls to open women's sport clubs to improve their health are 'steps of ...more
June 14, 2012, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Regarding the cooperation between the government and NGOs: while it is (lobenswert) that the Federal Chancellery is cooperating with the sports organisation to enhance the number of women in sport organisation, such initiatives are widely missing in other field were women are also underrepresented" (5)
May 22, 2012, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"The UK has no equivalent to Title IX, which the US adopted to ensure that schools' expenditure on sport benefits girls and boys equally, so the gender impact of spending is not monitored. There is overwhelming evidence that most funding in the UK goes on boys' sports" (10)
May 17, 2012, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Human Rights Watch’s February 2012 report, '''Steps of the Devil’: Denial of Women’s and Girls’ Rights to Sport in Saudi Arabia,' details how the Saudi government systematically discriminates against women in sports and physical education:Boys, but not girls, receive physical education in state schools; In 2009 and 2010, the government closed women’s gyms, contending that they were unlicensed – after denying licenses to women who applied; Neither the Saudi National Olympic Committee nor the Saudi national sports federations, nor the country’s 153 government-regulated sports clubs, have women’s sections; and The lack of any sports infrastructure for women effectively bars women and girls from participating in sport" (para 5)more
March 20, 2012, 9:56 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"There is no restriction as to women taking part in sporting activities" (47)
March 10, 2012, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Mixed-sex education is the norm at all levels. Thus, young women and men follow the same subjects in higher education institutions and young women enjoy all the opportunities afforded by the Government. These include: … The same opportunities as boys to take part in sports activities in schools; there are no clothing restrictions to hamper girls’ full participation in such activities" (52). "Both girls and boys take part in sporting activities in schools. Interested women receive training and coaching on an equal footing" (77)
Jan. 23, 2012, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Equal rights between men and women are guaranteed by the Malagasy Constitution with respect to family allowances, access to credit and participation in cultural and sporting activities" (74)
Dec. 19, 2011, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"In 2005, the concept of discrimination was further expanded. From July 2005, discrimination as defined in the Law on Equal Opportunities of Women and Men (as amended by the Law No X-304 of 5 July 2005) covers not only direct and indirect discrimination and sexual harassment but also discrimination on the grounds of sex and instruction to discriminate persons on the grounds of sex, all these forms of discrimination being prohibited. Discrimination on the grounds of sex is defined as undesirable behaviour which offends or might offend a person’s dignity and creates or might create an intimidating, hostile, humiliating or offensive environment. Moreover, it has been laid down that if ...more
Sept. 16, 2011, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Not, there aren´t any."
July 27, 2011, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"During the period 2003-2007 legislative amendments occurred in the field of sports as well, which among others had the aim to observe the gender parity. Concretely, Law No. 9376 of 21.04.2005, “On Sports”, article 5, point 3 guarantees gender parity regarding participation in sports activities. This point states expressly that “discrimination in sports activities for such reasons as political or religious beliefs, race, ethnicity, language, gender, economic or social condition is prohibited”"(59-60). "National Draft Strategy of Sports 2008-2013 was drafted, which is expected to be passed for adoption in the Council of Ministers within June 2008. In the range of objectives for 2013, this strategy provides for the guarantee of ...more
Nov. 29, 2010, 2:10 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Recognising the importance of sports and recreation to the overall growth and development of young people in schools, the Ministry of Education has included physical education as a critical component of the primary schools curriculum. At secondary schools, the policy requires each student to register for at least one extra-curricular sporting activity, a school club or undertake a hobby. This has paid dividends through giving impetus to sport development in schools and inspiring more female students to get involved in sport and recreation." (56) "The Botswana Government has developed the National Policy on Culture and National Sports and Recreation Policy in 2001 and 1999 respectively. These policies have increased opportunities ...more