The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-LAW-1

Feb. 11, 2019, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone

"Women face the risk of losing control over the land when their husband dies or if they divorce. Male children from the marriage inherit the land but if there are no children and if a woman remarries into her late husband’s family, she can continue to cultivate the land. A woman who returns to her patrilineal family regains her rights to land for cultivation from the male head of her family" (para 2)
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about: (c) The absence of legal mechanisms that provide for the recognition of intangible assets, such as work-related benefits, for purposes of property distribution upon divorce and the inadequacy of legal aid for women in divorce proceedings, which impede their ability to realize their property rights upon dissolution of marriage; (d) The insufficient protection of women in de facto unions, including in cases of separation" (13).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Post-marriage assets should be divided equally, except of wrongdoings by husband or wife such as adultery, asset embezzlement with final court order, the convicted person shall receive one-thirds of the post-marriage assets" (Pg 37).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Newly married couples must state explicitly in the marriage contract whether they elect to combine their possessions or keep them separate" (page 17).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Newly married couples must state explicitly in the marriage contract whether they elect to combine their possessions or to keep them separate" (page 23).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar

"Women are discriminated against in the realm of property and inheritance as well since the Government recognizes the authority of village elders and religious or ethnic leaders to adjudicate property rights. For example, Kachin customary law favors sons over daughter in inheritance disputes; in divorce cases, the Palaung and the Kachin grant property to the husband as a matter of right" (page 28).
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that while the Civil Code provides that under the optional community property regime, property obtained during the time of the marriage is considered joint property to be divided equally upon divorce, this is limited only to tangible property (movables and immovables), but does not encompass intangible assets including work-related benefits (such as pensions and insurance benefits), nor does it adequately redress economic disparities between spouses resulting from the existing sex segregation of the labour market and women’s greater share in unpaid work, as evidence from the 2009 National Time Use Survey (ENUT)" (11).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

"A civil family court or a religious court settles child custody, alimony, and property matters after the divorce, which gives preference to the father unless it can be demonstrated that a child especially “needs” the mother" (para 154)
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Traditional interpretations of Islamic law recognize a divorced woman’s right to part of shared property and to alimony...In 2011 the Supreme Court ruled that a woman could withhold sex from her husband if the husband refused to pay a personal maintenance allowance. By law such an allowance may be requested during the marriage as well as after a divorce. According to the Islamic Students’ News Agency, if the allowance is not paid, the wife may 'reject all legal and religious obligations' to her husband. If the allowance is not paid after the divorce, the woman may sue her former husband in court" (para 157)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Many divorcees received no alimony, since there was no system to enforce such payments. If there is no prenuptial agreement, joint property is divided equally" (para 153)
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned: ...That the economic rights of women in de facto unions are not recognized, including upon the dissolution of their relationships, under the Law on Marriage and Family" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"During the year parliament passed revisions to the civil law ensuring a more equitable division of pension funds during divorce that will be retroactive for all divorces entered into as of 2000" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Divorced women secured alimony payments under the family law, which details rights and responsibilities regarding alimony and parenting. The former husband and wife evenly divide property and assets acquired during their marriage. In a majority of cases, the divorced wife retained custody of any children; divorced husbands often failed to pay child support and did so without penalty" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

"In the event of a divorce, the law grants the father custody of children of non-Muslim women who fail to convert" (25).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay

"It also notes the lack of awareness concerning rights in cases of marital dissolution, especially regarding the recognition of unremunerated domestic work within the distribution of marital property, and the different economic implications of marriage versus de facto (concubine) union" (page 13).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"As regards the withholding of alimony to women who lead a 'disorderly life' established in article 183 of the Civil Code, it was modified by the provisions of Acts Nos. 19075 and 19119, which establish a different procedure for determining alimony and eliminate the reference to a 'disorderly life'" (page 37).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage," (55).
May 2, 2018, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"In 2011, China’s Supreme People’s Court interpreted the revolutionary 1950 Marriage Law and its amendments, which granted numerous freedoms and rights including common marital property, in favour of men. Now, marital property essentially belongs to the person whose name is on the property deed" (para 11).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Family Law (Amendment) Decree 2012 provides for the recognition of women’s non-financial contribution to a marriage whereby domestic house wives will be able to claim a share in the matrimonial property in a case of a divorce. The Decree recognises de facto relationships and provides them with the same rights to property and spousal maintenance as those married under the civil law" (41).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes Law No. 77/2014 amending Law No. 10039 on legal aid to provide access to legal assistance for women who are victims of gender-based violence. The Committee is concerned, however, that, despite that improvement, women, especially those belonging to disadvantaged and marginalized groups, remain unaware of their right to legal aid and continue to face significant legal and practical barriers in gaining access to justice, which is reflected in the low number of complaints filed. It is also concerned about the widespread problem of non-execution of court orders, including orders concerning the payment of alimony. The Committee is further concerned that the State party has still not reversed...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Following conclusion of the marriage contract, a woman has the right to a dower and accommodation, as well as the right to receive maintenance from her husband in accordance with his financial situation" (30).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"That traditional or church marriages are rarely registered with the Civil Registry office, which means that women’s right to inheritance or property upon separation or as a result of bereavement are negatively affected by the lack of civil registration" (14).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to regulate some aspects of traditional marriages, including their registration and the equitable distribution of property upon dissolution. It remains concerned, however, that traditional marriages remain largely unregistered, resulting in lack of access for women to protection under Law No. 2007-022 on marriage. It is also concerned that, owing to customary and traditional attitudes, women are considered inferior to men and do not benefit from the right to equal treatment in marriage and family matters, including divorce, inheritance and custody . . . The Committee recalls its general recommendations No. 21 (1994) on equality in marriage and family relations and No....more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, ATDW-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to regulate customary marriages by developing a bill on the recognition of customary marriages and to introduce the no-fault divorce regime under the proposed divorce bill. The Committee nevertheless notes that the Flexible Land Tenure Act of 2012, which addresses in part the joint ownership of marital property, is applicable only to persons who are married in community of property. It also notes that women in de facto unions regularly face economic hardship upon the dissolution of their relationships. The Committee recalls its general recommendation No. 29 on article 16 of the Convention (economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their dissolution) and...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland

"The Committee notes the complexity of the customary and civil marital regimes within the State party, which have varied economic implications, and is concerned at the lack of awareness among women of their choices and the consequences. The Committee is also concerned that the State party retains the “fault” principle under its divorce law and that there is a lack of information on the economic impact of the principle on women during the division of matrimonial property, in particular when women are found to be at fault in a divorce case. The Committee recalls its general recommendation No. 29 on the economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their dissolution...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

“Article 39 of the law entitles a woman to bring legal actions against her husband or ex-husband who is located abroad, regardless of whether the marriage contract remains valid or has been terminated by a divorce, etc. A woman may also bring legal action against her husband or ex-husband to claim maintenance or to prove his paternity or guardianship of a child. Article 39 also allows a non-Saudi woman to bring an action against her husband or ex-husband whose location abroad is unknown” (48-49).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The law initiative that reforms articles 168 and 184 for the Federal Civil Code, to amplify the catalogue of goods that constitute the conjugal partnership, considering intangible goods, employment benefits (pension and insurance benefits), means to guarantee, in case of divorce, the proportion of goods and food between the partners to fulfill the survival and needs of the children, as well as to guarantee to the woman the right to receive alimony in case of divorce by mutual consent, is in the process of review in the Chamber of Deputies. 25 states already have legal means to recognize intangible and tangible goods as part of the acquisitions to divide in...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"An Alimony Fund was set up by Law No. 6 (2005) in order to help marginalized families maintain their human dignity in cases where the husband or relatives fail to carry out their financial support obligations. That Fund pays regular monthly court-ordered alimony and any arrears to wives, women observing the prescribed post-divorce waiting period, children, parents and dependent relatives in cases where there is a problem collecting alimony from the legally responsible party because he is absent, his place of residence is unknown, he does not have sufficient funds to comply with the judgment, or for any other reason. Both residents and non residents of the State of Palestine...more
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The tendency of sharia courts to rule in favour of the husband in divorce, alimony and child custody proceedings" (Pg 17).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern the absence of gender- based criteria and legal advice to apply provisions under the new Civil and Commercial Code (art. 440), allowing the marriage of persons under 18 years of age based on the authorization of judicial authorities, and the decisions on financial compensation for economically disadvantaged spouses during divorce proceedings" (17).