The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-LAW-1

July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The law does not entitle a divorced woman to alimony in some cases, such as if she gave up her right to alimony to persuade her husband to agree to the divorce" (Pg 46).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1, ATFPA-LAW-1

"No time frame is envisaged for repealing discriminatory legislation, including provisions in the Civil Code regulating, inter alia, the matrimonial home (art. 108), the status of head of household and paternal power (arts. 213 to 216), the legal capacity of a married women (arts. 506 and 507), remarriage (arts. 228 and 296), the exercise of guardianship over children (arts. 389 to 396 and 405) and the distribution of marital assets (art. 818)" (4).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-1

"Divorce is available to both men and women. Many divorcees received no alimony, since there was no system to enforce such payments. The law requires a divorced woman to wait 40 days before remarrying; a man may remarry immediately" (Pg 28).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

"The Muslim Personal Law of 1961 is highly discriminating to the women giving the overall authority to the men in the areas of marriage, divorce, maintenance and custody of children" (13).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-1

"Article 950 of the Civil Code states that a woman may not remarry until 120 days have elapsed from the day of the dissolution or annulment of her previous marriage. This is intended to allow for the determination of fatherhood of any children. Article 950, paragraph 2, of the Civil Code states that ‘in the case that a women becomes pregnant before the previous marriage was dissolved or annulled and has given birth, or in the case that a woman has a medical certificate from a doctor declaring that she is not pregnant, the marriage can proceed without the 120-day waiting period’" (34).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"The State party has no legal regime recognizing, defining or setting out rules for control over marital property during marriage or the division of marital property on an equal basis between spouses upon divorce" (13).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The lack of adequate legislative measures to guarantee the property rights of women upon divorce, taking into account the gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from sex segregation in the labour market and from the greater share of unpaid work being performed by women" (15).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The lack of inclusion of intangible assets, such as pension, insurance and work-related benefits, in the definition of property under the community property regime, which leads to the unequal division of property between men and women upon divorce, and this in the absence of mechanisms to compensate women for economic disparities between spouses" (14).
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"In divorce proceedings, women must demonstrate legally specified grounds for divorce, but men can divorce without giving cause. In doing so, men must pay immediately an amount of money agreed at the time of the marriage that serves as a one-time alimony payment. Men can be forced, however, to make subsequent alimony payments by court order. The government began implementing an identification system based on fingerprints that was designed to provide women more reliable access to courts. The previous system required women to present themselves at court in the presence of a male relative to prove their identity if they declined to unveil their faces" (Pg 39).more
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Afghan law regarding marriage and divorce explicitly discriminates against women" (2).
June 11, 2019, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The NGO SOS noted that it was often difficult for women to defend their property rights in divorce proceedings due to the widespread belief that the property belongs to the man. In inheritance traditions there were instances of women ceding their property and inheritance rights to men, but this practice continued to decline. A consequence of these factors was that men tended to be favored in the distribution of property ownership" (Pg 26).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Women may seek divorce without the consent of their husbands in limited circumstances such as abandonment, spousal abuse, or in return for waiving financial rights. The law allows retention of financial rights under specific circumstances, such as spousal abuse" (32).
June 7, 2019, 11:46 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-3

"When a marriage is terminated in Afghanistan, the husband is liable to provide maintenance for the iddat (waiting period) only. Maintenance is defined in the law as taking care of the basic needs of the wife. Women have no legal right to reside in the marital home without the consent of the husband and his family. This weakens a woman’s position in cases of violence, as raising a complaint, and subsequent dissolution of marriage, would potentially mean losing her home" (Pg 16).
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has a community property regime. It is concerned, however, that intangible assets, including work-related benefits, accrued pension rights and savings, in addition to future earning capacity, are not considered to be a part of the joint property to be divided upon the dissolution of a marriage and there is no other mechanism to compensate for the lack of their distribution. The Committee notes with concern that the economic rights of women in de facto unions are not recognized, including upon the dissolution of their relationship" (12).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Committee also reiterates its concern that the State party’s current legislation on the distribution of property upon divorce does not fully take into consideration differences in the earning potential and human capital of spouses and may not adequately address gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from existing sex segregation in the labour market, persistent gender pay gaps and women’s greater share of unpaid work" (11)
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Women cannot marry without permission of their male guardians; do not have equal rights in inheritance, divorce, or child custody; and have little legal protection" (38).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The provisions outlined in the legislation on the marital property regime acquired during marriage, which do not consider the often increased earning potential and human capital of men during marriage, and thus fail to provide sufficient support for women, who may be exposed to poverty owing to their unpaid care responsibilities" (17).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Married Persons (Property) (Amendment) Act of 2014 provides for the division of property of married persons and the recognition of common law unions and the division of property among these unions. It stipulates that applications for division of property under Sections 6 (A) and 15 must be brought within three years after the dissolution or annulment of a marriage or union. The previous position was that applications having their genesis in a marriage had to be filed before a decree absolute was made whereas in relation to common law unions there was no limitation on the time" (13).
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Women may add conditions to marriage contracts to protect their interests in the event of divorce and child custody disputes, but rarely did so" (105).
April 12, 2019, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"[Hong Kong] According to gender-rights activists and public policy analysts, while the law treats men and women equally in terms of property rights in divorce settlements and inheritance matters, women faced discrimination in employment, salary, welfare, inheritance, and promotion (see section 7.d.)" (page 114).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"A civil family court or a religious court settles child custody, alimony, and property matters after the divorce, which gives preference to the father unless it can be demonstrated that a child especially 'needs' the mother" (38)
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The law recognizes a divorced woman’s right to part of shared property and to alimony. These laws were not always enforced" (35).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Women’s rights advocates indicated that in rural areas women often forfeited land and property rights to their husbands in divorce proceedings. Rural contract law and laws protecting women’s rights stipulate that women enjoy equal rights in cases of land management, but experts assserted that this was rarely the case due to the complexity of the law and difficulties in its implementation. A 2011 Supreme People’s Court decision exacerbated the gender wealth gap by stating that after divorce marital property belongs solely to the person registered as the homeowner in mortgage and registration documents--in most cases the husband. In determining child custody in divorce cases, judges made determinations based on the...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The law generally permits women to initiate divorce proceedings against their spouses, although some Christian sects strongly discouraged both women and men from doing so. For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case. The law does not entitle a divorced woman to alimony in some cases, such as if she gave up her right to alimony to persuade her husband to agree to the divorce. In addition, under the law a divorced mother loses the right to guardianship and physical custody of her sons when they reach the age of 13...more
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Committee also regrets that the State party indicated in its report that no activity was currently planned to extend the concept of joint marital property to intangible property, including pension and other work-related benefits, in the case of divorce, so as to compensate for possible gaps in the economic power of separating partners" (15).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"According to article 16 of the Code, a marriage may be dissolved on the basis of a petition filed by one or both spouses, and also of a petition by the guardian of a spouse who has been recognized by the court to be incompetent. During pregnancy or the first year of a child’s life, a marriage cannot be dissolved without the consent of the wife. A marriage may be dissolved in the registration bodies by mutual consent between spouses who have no minor children together, and in the absence of material or other claims against each other. When a marriage is dissolved in court, the spouses may submit for...more
Feb. 25, 2019, 7 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"'The new measure (divorce courts in the Middle Eastern kingdom will be required by law to notify women by text message on rulings which confirm their divorce) ensures women get their [alimony] rights when they're divorced,' Saudi lawyer Nisreen al-Ghamdi told Bloomberg. 'It also ensures that any powers of attorney issued before the divorce are not misused'" (para. 7 - 8).
Feb. 11, 2019, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, POLY-LAW-2

"Women face the risk of losing control over the land when their husband dies or if they divorce. Male children from the marriage inherit the land but if there are no children and if a woman remarries into her late husband’s family, she can continue to cultivate the land. A woman who returns to her patrilineal family regains her rights to land for cultivation from the male head of her family" (para 2)
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about: (c) The absence of legal mechanisms that provide for the recognition of intangible assets, such as work-related benefits, for purposes of property distribution upon divorce and the inadequacy of legal aid for women in divorce proceedings, which impede their ability to realize their property rights upon dissolution of marriage; (d) The insufficient protection of women in de facto unions, including in cases of separation" (13).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Post-marriage assets should be divided equally, except of wrongdoings by husband or wife such as adultery, asset embezzlement with final court order, the convicted person shall receive one-thirds of the post-marriage assets" (Pg 37).