The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-LAW-1

Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned: ...That the economic rights of women in de facto unions are not recognized, including upon the dissolution of their relationships, under the Law on Marriage and Family" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"During the year parliament passed revisions to the civil law ensuring a more equitable division of pension funds during divorce that will be retroactive for all divorces entered into as of 2000" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Divorced women secured alimony payments under the family law, which details rights and responsibilities regarding alimony and parenting. The former husband and wife evenly divide property and assets acquired during their marriage. In a majority of cases, the divorced wife retained custody of any children; divorced husbands often failed to pay child support and did so without penalty" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

"In the event of a divorce, the law grants the father custody of children of non-Muslim women who fail to convert" (25).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1

"It also notes the lack of awareness concerning rights in cases of marital dissolution, especially regarding the recognition of unremunerated domestic work within the distribution of marital property, and the different economic implications of marriage versus de facto (concubine) union" (page 13).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"As regards the withholding of alimony to women who lead a 'disorderly life' established in article 183 of the Civil Code, it was modified by the provisions of Acts Nos. 19075 and 19119, which establish a different procedure for determining alimony and eliminate the reference to a 'disorderly life'" (page 37).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage," (55).
May 2, 2018, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"In 2011, China’s Supreme People’s Court interpreted the revolutionary 1950 Marriage Law and its amendments, which granted numerous freedoms and rights including common marital property, in favour of men. Now, marital property essentially belongs to the person whose name is on the property deed" (para 11).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Family Law (Amendment) Decree 2012 provides for the recognition of women’s non-financial contribution to a marriage whereby domestic house wives will be able to claim a share in the matrimonial property in a case of a divorce. The Decree recognises de facto relationships and provides them with the same rights to property and spousal maintenance as those married under the civil law" (41).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes Law No. 77/2014 amending Law No. 10039 on legal aid to provide access to legal assistance for women who are victims of gender-based violence. The Committee is concerned, however, that, despite that improvement, women, especially those belonging to disadvantaged and marginalized groups, remain unaware of their right to legal aid and continue to face significant legal and practical barriers in gaining access to justice, which is reflected in the low number of complaints filed. It is also concerned about the widespread problem of non-execution of court orders, including orders concerning the payment of alimony. The Committee is further concerned that the State party has still not reversed...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Following conclusion of the marriage contract, a woman has the right to a dower and accommodation, as well as the right to receive maintenance from her husband in accordance with his financial situation" (30).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"That traditional or church marriages are rarely registered with the Civil Registry office, which means that women’s right to inheritance or property upon separation or as a result of bereavement are negatively affected by the lack of civil registration" (14).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to regulate some aspects of traditional marriages, including their registration and the equitable distribution of property upon dissolution. It remains concerned, however, that traditional marriages remain largely unregistered, resulting in lack of access for women to protection under Law No. 2007-022 on marriage. It is also concerned that, owing to customary and traditional attitudes, women are considered inferior to men and do not benefit from the right to equal treatment in marriage and family matters, including divorce, inheritance and custody . . . The Committee recalls its general recommendations No. 21 (1994) on equality in marriage and family relations and No....more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, ATDW-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to regulate customary marriages by developing a bill on the recognition of customary marriages and to introduce the no-fault divorce regime under the proposed divorce bill. The Committee nevertheless notes that the Flexible Land Tenure Act of 2012, which addresses in part the joint ownership of marital property, is applicable only to persons who are married in community of property. It also notes that women in de facto unions regularly face economic hardship upon the dissolution of their relationships. The Committee recalls its general recommendation No. 29 on article 16 of the Convention (economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their dissolution) and...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee notes the complexity of the customary and civil marital regimes within the State party, which have varied economic implications, and is concerned at the lack of awareness among women of their choices and the consequences. The Committee is also concerned that the State party retains the “fault” principle under its divorce law and that there is a lack of information on the economic impact of the principle on women during the division of matrimonial property, in particular when women are found to be at fault in a divorce case. The Committee recalls its general recommendation No. 29 on the economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their dissolution...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

“Article 39 of the law entitles a woman to bring legal actions against her husband or ex-husband who is located abroad, regardless of whether the marriage contract remains valid or has been terminated by a divorce, etc. A woman may also bring legal action against her husband or ex-husband to claim maintenance or to prove his paternity or guardianship of a child. Article 39 also allows a non-Saudi woman to bring an action against her husband or ex-husband whose location abroad is unknown” (48-49).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The law initiative that reforms articles 168 and 184 for the Federal Civil Code, to amplify the catalogue of goods that constitute the conjugal partnership, considering intangible goods, employment benefits (pension and insurance benefits), means to guarantee, in case of divorce, the proportion of goods and food between the partners to fulfill the survival and needs of the children, as well as to guarantee to the woman the right to receive alimony in case of divorce by mutual consent, is in the process of review in the Chamber of Deputies. 25 states already have legal means to recognize intangible and tangible goods as part of the acquisitions to divide in...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"An Alimony Fund was set up by Law No. 6 (2005) in order to help marginalized families maintain their human dignity in cases where the husband or relatives fail to carry out their financial support obligations. That Fund pays regular monthly court-ordered alimony and any arrears to wives, women observing the prescribed post-divorce waiting period, children, parents and dependent relatives in cases where there is a problem collecting alimony from the legally responsible party because he is absent, his place of residence is unknown, he does not have sufficient funds to comply with the judgment, or for any other reason. Both residents and non residents of the State of Palestine...more
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The tendency of sharia courts to rule in favour of the husband in divorce, alimony and child custody proceedings" (Pg 17).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern the absence of gender- based criteria and legal advice to apply provisions under the new Civil and Commercial Code (art. 440), allowing the marriage of persons under 18 years of age based on the authorization of judicial authorities, and the decisions on financial compensation for economically disadvantaged spouses during divorce proceedings" (17).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"In January 1974, the Spouses (Property Relations) Law (1973) came into effect. The Law introduced arrangements for regulating the property relations of spouses holding that in the absence of a 'property agreement' to the contrary, the respective assets of the spouses are kept separate during the existence of the marriage. If the marriage comes to an end obligation arises between them or their heirs to balance equally the value of their aggregate property, excluding certain special items such as property which each possessed prior to the marriage or received by way of gift or inheritance during the marriage" (13).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"Since 1956, the Code of Personal Status (CSP), granted equality in divorce proceedings" (para 3).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Post-divorce, the recommendations suggest limiting the time period for alimony. Yet, it does not provide evidence on what percentage of divorced couples actually rely on alimony payments on a regular basis. Given the fact that employment rates for women are very low in Turkey, the recommended changes in alimony would mean women without an income should strive to survive in their unhappy marriages to avoid becoming destitute. Similarly, the recommendations put women who are not well educated and lack access to lawyers at great risk to lose their inheritance and alimony payments" (para 12).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Following divorce (after years of living with her husband) women have no right to the assets accumulated during their time together, and under Iranian laws she is not a co-owner of her husband’s assets" (para 10). "Although women are accorded dowries and fair remuneration, as divorce is the exclusive right of a man, many are forced to sacrifice their financial rights and are left with no resources" (para 10). "Since women are not considered as co-owners of marital assets, professional women who spend their earnings on their families, following divorce or the death of their husband, are left in poverty and insurmountable challenges in their old age" (para 10).more
Oct. 30, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"'This law confers to these girls no rights other than the right to divorce and obtain proof of paternity … but as far as alimony or spousal support and any other rights are concerned, they have none'" (para 14).
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"Among the most contentious of Jewish rites is the one that grants men disproportionate power in divorce. Women who are not granted divorces are often forced to relinquish their child custody rights or alimony payments to convince husbands to accede"(para 11)
July 31, 2017, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The division of property following separation was governed by the community of acquests regime, which covered all assets at the time of separation. It did not cover future assets, which were a matter of succession rights. The difference between legal separation and divorce was that although following separation people could start another relationship, technically, they were still married. The clause in which the spouses renounced their inheritance rights was included in the separation contract by mutual consent and was binding on both parties" (para 54)
July 5, 2017, 10:07 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"similar to other customary land regimes in Africa, land is always in the name (and control) of male members of the family. Describing the practices in their home areas, displaced women in Somaliland explained that all land and property belonged to the men; “a married woman cannot own land.” Generally, women were also unable to inherit land, and the few that reported receiving an inheritance said that it could not be in the form of land. Their testimony corroborates other observations from southern Somalia: [I]n terms of inheritance practices in southern Somalia at least, Besteman reported that “contrary to Islamic practice, when a man died, his widow and daughters had...more
June 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“The Committee notes that the State party has a community property regime. It is concerned, however, that intangible assets, including work-related benefits, accrued pension rights and savings, in addition to future earning capacity, are not considered to be a part of the joint property to be divided upon the dissolution of a marriage and there is no other mechanism to compensate for the lack of their distribution. The Committee notes with concern that the economic rights of women in de facto unions are not recognized, including upon the dissolution of their relationship” (12).
June 21, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

“Russian divorce law stipulates that all money, property, and assets accumulated prior to marriage remain the property of the original holder (spouse). If an investment (at each spouse’s expense) is made into a preowned marriage asset, then its value can increase significantly. Under these circumstances, a divorcing spouse does have the right to claim a proportionate sum of the property or asset, based on the investment. In general, family law does not provide for alimony payments to an ex-spouse. Alimony is not provided in light of the number of years the couple was married, the spouse’s education level, the spouse’s work experience, or the impact of divorce on the spouse’s...more