The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-LAW-5

June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Victims of forced marriage already residing in the country may remain and may change their marital status from “married” to “single” without a requirement to record a divorce" (16).
June 9, 2018, 8:29 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"An issue that’s been receiving much opposition from the Catholic Church, the lower house of the Philippines Congress recently passed a bill that would legalize divorce. The predominantly Catholic country is one of only two places in the world that prohibits divorce – Vatican City being the other" (para 1). "While divorce was once legal during “the American colonial period and Japanese occupation in the first half of the 20th century,” CNN reported, the 1949 Civil Code quickly prohibited it in what’s being called a religious move" (para 4). "Current laws allow Filipinos the option to either legally separate, declare nullity or file for annulment, all of which have specific...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"The recent draft report prepared by a parliamentary commission on divorce includes recommendations for legislative amendments to the current penal and divorce legal framework, such as allowing probation in cases of child sexual abuse which result in 'unproblematic and successful marriages' and compelling mediation in the case of domestic violence" (page 17).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Article 20 of the Khula Law specifies that if two spouses do not mutually agree on divorce, the wife files a claim requesting khula, which waives all of her lawful financial rights. The provision has made it legally much easier for Egyptian women to get divorced, though they still risk losing everything" (para 3).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"In Kuwait, marital issues are regulated by the Personal Status Act. This gives a woman the right to choose a husband and conclude a marriage contract only with her consent" (30). "As for a woman’s right to divorce or have the marriage contract annulled, articles 126 to 138 accord her the right to seek a separation on grounds of injury or desertion. From the above provisions, it is clear that a woman may resort to the courts to seek a divorce from her husband if it is impossible for the two to cohabit. She further has the right to seek a divorce if her husband fails to provide for her,...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the State party’s legislation establishes different post-divorce conditions for men and women, under which men are allowed to remarry 180 days after the divorce, while women can do so only after 300 days, except under certain conditions that are not equally applicable to men, on the basis of the so-called “presumption of paternity” principle; . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Revise its legislation to provide for equal treatment of men and women with regard to conditions following divorce and eliminate time limits for remarriage" (page 11).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, ATDW-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to regulate customary marriages by developing a bill on the recognition of customary marriages and to introduce the no-fault divorce regime under the proposed divorce bill. The Committee nevertheless notes that the Flexible Land Tenure Act of 2012, which addresses in part the joint ownership of marital property, is applicable only to persons who are married in community of property. It also notes that women in de facto unions regularly face economic hardship upon the dissolution of their relationships. The Committee recalls its general recommendation No. 29 on article 16 of the Convention (economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their dissolution) and...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee notes the complexity of the customary and civil marital regimes within the State party, which have varied economic implications, and is concerned at the lack of awareness among women of their choices and the consequences. The Committee is also concerned that the State party retains the “fault” principle under its divorce law and that there is a lack of information on the economic impact of the principle on women during the division of matrimonial property, in particular when women are found to be at fault in a divorce case. The Committee recalls its general recommendation No. 29 on the economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their dissolution...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"The Law Commission has formulated a draft Bill which recognizes the concept of marital breakdown as a ground for divorce. The Bill is under consideration" (31).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"We mention the importance of adding in the Family Code, by Law no.167 of July 9, 2010, the words 'if during the examination of the application for divorce, one spouse does not give his/her consent to the divorce, the court will defer consideration of the case, setting a deadline the reconciliation of one to six months, except for the divorces started on the ground of domestic violence, confirmed by evidence'(Article 37). Thus the Government proves its political will to combat domestic violence" (Pg 45).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee remains concerned about…the limited grounds available to women to seek divorce when men may unilaterally ask for divorce for any reason" (17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"A man has the right to divorce his wife of his own free will for any reason, even without her consent. He also has the right to delegate another person to divorce his wife for him and register the divorce with the sharia court. The court then notifies the wife of the in-absentia divorce within a week of the registration" (69). "In principle, women may not divorce themselves on their own. However, there are a number of ways to seek an end to the marital relationship. They include the following: A woman may insert a clause in the marriage contract stating that she retains the right to divorce herself. A...more
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"In such an environment of generalized sectarian violence — and marked by the dominance of sectarian and religious conservative forces — the existing personal status code is inclusive, uniting Sunnis and Shiites under one legal framework and granting women essential rights, like the right to divorce in cases of domestic violence and abuse" (para 5).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"Since 1956, the Code of Personal Status (CSP), granted equality in divorce proceedings" (para 3).
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"In the decade before Hosni Mubarak’s February 2011 overthrow, women’s rights activism in Egypt focused on improving girls’ and women’s legal rights in the private sphere, including increasing access to divorce and raising girls’ marriage age" (para 3).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:29 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"in Libya, it is considered justification for divorce if a wife travels without her husband’s permission" (para 7).
Dec. 2, 2017, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Still, women are more independent financially because working is often a financial necessity for a household, and there is an increasing phenomenon of unmarried women, because there are more and more divorces" (para 7).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Although women are accorded dowries and fair remuneration, as divorce is the exclusive right of a man, many are forced to sacrifice their financial rights and are left with no resources" (para 10).
Sept. 22, 2017, 7:10 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"India has the world's second-largest Muslim population, but, unlike other countries with significant Muslim populations such as Pakistan, Bangladesh and Indonesia, has yet to officially pass legislation outlawing triple talaq [Islamic practice of instant divorce]" (para 12).
Sept. 22, 2017, 7:08 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"India's Supreme Court banned the controversial Islamic divorce practice known as 'triple talaq' in a landmark ruling announced Tuesday" (para 1). Triple talaq refers to the practice of a Muslim man saying the Arabic word for divorce, talaq, three times to his wife as an official form of divorce (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "'The majority decision is that triple talaq is banned in law,' said Srinivasan. 'From now on in India, the law is that there is no practice of triple talaq which is held to be valid'" (para 4). Triple talaq refers to the practice of a Muslim man saying the Arabic word for divorce, talaq, three times to...more
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"The bitter divorce is being fought under millennia-old Jewish law. According to the law, a woman needs the approval of her husband to dissolve a marriage"(para 3). 'In Israel, where all marriages are subject to religious law, this norm has left thousands of women in legal limbo due to husbands who refuse to grant divorces. In recent decades, the rabbinical courts have gained the authority to impose various sanctions against recalcitrant husbands"(para 4-5)."Israel's state-sanctioned rabbinate oversees many aspects of daily life for the Jewish majority, including marriage and divorce. There are no civil marriages, meaning that couples must marry or divorce according to religious law — or travel abroad for...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, CUST-LAW-1

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office"(para 17)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

1994 Decree-Law 154: Divorce attorney. (WROLUCFW: P2)
July 31, 2017, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Ms. Bartolo (Malta) said that separation was allowed on the ground of the irretrievable breakdown of marriage provided that the marriage had lasted four years" (para 54)
June 21, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"A girl can marry at 14, but cannot legally divorce until 18. The new law will mandate that a 17-year-old who marries will also be able to divorce. And shelters for victims of domestic violence generally do not accept anyone under 18" (p 9)
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"Both men and women have the right to initiate divorce proceedings, but women faced significant difficulties, including a lack of financial resources to obtain legal counsel, which prevented some of them from pursuing such proceedings" (22).
April 18, 2017, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia, Pakistan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"India is home to one of the largest Muslim populations in the world, but unlike most Muslim-majority countries, it has not banned the practice of triple talaq [the practice where a man can say 'talaq' the Arabic word for divorce three times in order to officially divorce his wife]. In Pakistan and Indonesia, the practice has been outlawed for years" (para 12).
April 18, 2017, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"India is home to one of the largest Muslim populations in the world, but unlike most Muslim-majority countries, it has not banned the practice of triple talaq [a man's right to say 'talaq' the Arabic word for 'divorce' three times in order to officially divorce his wife]" (para 12).
March 28, 2017, 1:47 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Customary law rather than civil law governs divorces, often giving fathers a distinct advantage over mothers" (526). "The efforts to reform custom-ary laws led to the creation of people’s courts at the village level. These courts took responsibil-ity for overseeing divorces. Many girls had been betrothed at infancy, and the reforms made the practice of arranged marriages illegal. Women were able to turn to people’s courts for help when they wished to divorce their husbands" (527).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Irrespective of the number of years a marriage existed, the number of children raised, and joint property, the law entitled women to only three months’ financial support if a relationship ended" (29).