The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 22, 2017, 7:08 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Farha's husband works in the family business of selling diamonds, but she was left [after he divorced her] to fend for herself without any sort of allowance. 'He hasn't given me a rupee since our divorce,' she told CNN in January" (para 18).
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, CUST-LAW-1

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office"(para 17)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

Article 38: Shared marital property ends with the termination of marriage. The estate is divided equally between spouses upon separation or between the survivor and the heirs of the deceased in case of death. ( WROLUCFW: P9)
Aug. 3, 2017, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"According to The Times (U.K.), which received a leaked copy of the law last Friday, the law requires women to grant sex to their husbands every fourth night unless they are ill, restricts a woman to the home unless her husband allows her to leave, legalizes child marriage by setting the marriageable age at first menstruation, and grants child custody rights to fathers and grandfathers before mothers" (para 3)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"negotiations and agreements on property distribution happen outside legal regulation where power imbalances between women and men exist and, therefore, women are placed at a disadvantage...most divorcing women reportedly lack the necessary information and means to demand the disclosure of the financial situation of their husbands, including business and career assets, since the law does not provide any procedural tools and guidelines" (15)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"the Civil Code continues to prohibit only women from remarrying within a specified period of time after divorce, notwithstanding the decision of the Supreme Court to shorten the period from 6 months to 100 days" (3)
June 21, 2017, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Toward the end of our four-and-a-half-hour interview, Evgenia showed me a foldout bed tucked into the back of the hallway. Because her former husband is registered as an official occupant of the apartment (divorce does not change residency rights automatically), the police told her that she had no right to kick him out completely. He has not laid a hand on her since the divorce, but he sleeps in the hallway when he is not staying with his own parents in the country” (72).
June 21, 2017, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Mothers also worry about officially remarrying especially because an official husband would then acquire rights to live in or inherit her apartment, even after divorce” (115).
June 21, 2017, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Inna is unusual in that her ex-husband, a wealthy New Russian, pays for her apartment and gives her a monthly allowance. She has difficult relations with her former husband and she hates feeling so dependent, yet at the same time she does not have to rely on her own mother as much as other [divorced] women do” (147).
June 17, 2017, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

“What is particularly worrisome about the sole focus on female household heads as beneficiaries in the [land] reforms in Venezuela … is that if in the case of couples, only husbands are on the beneficiary lists, this leaves women vulnerable in the case of household dissolution” (275).
June 16, 2017, 11:58 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-2

"If you and your husband get divorced, whichever spouse brought the other to the country is the only one to stay, and of course you both go if hubby is a “bigamist.” So in Switzerland there is no musical chairs of divorce and remarriage to regularize everyone’s situation. It happens, but only succeeds once out of a hundred or so failures. If you get divorced one month after the 5 year deadline required for a C permit, they DO CHECK AND WILL REVOKE YOUR C PERMIT AS NECESSARY" (para 9)
June 12, 2017, 11:42 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

In practice, there is less difference in the final distribution of property under the various statutes than might be expected and they generally result in a 50/50 division in value or property. Earning capacity is generally dealt with by the remedy of spousal support and not property division
June 12, 2017, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The wife has no power to contest the divorce; her power if divorced is limited to applying to the kathi [religious council] to compel her husband to give her a mattah, an Islamic form of alimony sometimes called a consolation gift, the amount and period of which is determined by the court. The mattah may not be awarded at all, depending on the cause of the divorce” (154).
June 8, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The Quran makes no mention of instant divorce using the talaq method. The practice is outlined in the hadiths, or sayings attributed to the Prophet Muhammad, which are regarded as less authoritative than the Quran but still influential in shaping Islamic doctrine. Today, instant divorce is not uniformly practiced or accepted in the Muslim world. In many Muslim-majority countries, religious leaders frown on the practice and note that the Quran recommends that couples make a genuine effort to reconcile and resolve their differences before parting ways, said Julie Macfarlane, a law professor at the University of Windsor who wrote a book on Islamic divorce law" (p 13-14)
June 8, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"But now the Supreme Court of India is poised to rule on complaints filed by five Muslim women who argue that being divorced in this way violates their fundamental right to equality under the Indian Constitution. Three Muslim women’s organizations have filed petitions in support of the divorced women...The case pits religious freedom against individual rights guaranteed by the Constitution. The issues involved are similar to cases in the United States about businesses refusing to serve same-sex couples and requirements for employers to provide free insurance coverage of contraception for women...All India Muslim Personal Law Board, the conservative nonprofit group fighting to uphold what is known as ‘triple talaq,’ promised ...more
June 2, 2017, 7:16 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

“Adel al-Failakawi, judicial advisor at the Court of Cassation…suggests the establishment of family courts in Kuwait because cases regarding the husband’s financial obligations (nafaqa) towards ex-wives and children following divorce account for 70 percent of personal status cases” (26).
June 2, 2017, 7:16 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

“The Kuwaiti family law enacted in 1984, family law decision in court the past fifteen years, and political pressure in parliament between 2009-2011 indicate that a Kuwaiti woman is accorded minimal economic rights on an independent basis in matters related to divorce and custody over children. A Qatari female citizen enjoys similar welfare schemes to Kuwaiti women, such as education, health and financial support for housing” (22).
June 1, 2017, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee recommends that the State party take the necessary legislative measures to recognize both tangible and intangible property, such as pension and savings funds, as part of marital property and to incorporate a rule of equal distribution of marital property upon divorce in its legislation, in line with article 16 of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendation No. 21 (1994) on equality in marriage and family relations. The Committee further recommends that legislative measures be taken to eliminate consideration of ‘fault’ in the determination of the division of assets in divorce cases” (10).
June 1, 2017, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee ... is concerned that in the State party the equal sharing of marital property upon divorce relates only to tangible property (movable and immovable) and does not include intangible property such as pension and savings funds and that the equal sharing of tangible property is based on court precedent and is not legally binding. The Committee is further concerned that ‘fault’ of either party to the marriage may be taken into account in determining the division of assets in divorce cases” (10).
June 1, 2017, 7:41 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee is concerned at the lack of information on the economic consequences of divorce for women and girls” (11).
June 1, 2017, 6:58 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

“In practice, therefore, the creditor often attaches the property of the debtor before applying to the court to change the statutory marital property regime of the couple’s property regime from the statutory property regime to the separation of property regime based on the unrepaid portion of the debt in accordance with Article 1011 of the Civil Code. Since the statutory marital property regime between the debtor and his/her spouse has lapsed, if calculation shows that the debtor’s property is less than that of his/her spouse, the creditor may exercise, on behalf of the debtor by way of subrogation in accordance with Article 242 of the Civil Code, the right of ...more
May 31, 2017, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Land is often acquired ... when the woman changes status to become the head of her household following divorce ... Women heads of household and widows represent only 16 percent of all households in the oasis regions and do not have access to land titles that can be used as collateral for bank loans” (9).
May 31, 2017, 9:34 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“Women also face significant challenges in retaining their property after divorce” (7).
May 30, 2017, 7:20 a.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

“The Macedonian housing shortage has led many couples to continue to live together after divorce. In many cases they cannot afford to maintain two separate residences, and the housing crisis has driven up the cost of homes and apartments while depleting the supply. Couples are generally required, not just by circumstance but by the court, to continue living together during divorce proceedings, during the mandatory counseling period” (734).
May 30, 2017, 6:13 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

“Life was good until dad started drinking and abusing mum. He kept asking for a divorce. Eventually my mother gave in and they divorced. He then kicked us out of the house and we were on the street” (1). This is a quote from Rania, the daughter of divorced parents in Tunisia at 1:57 in the film (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). “For a divorced family, the Gadbanis have an unusual arrangement. The parents get on well enough to live on different floors of the same house” (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 15:23 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). “For Rania and her brother Cusae, life is more of ...more
May 29, 2017, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“‘She [my wife] would be most upset if she found out that I had been unfaithful. She would be devastated. She would want an immediate divorce, sale of property and division of proceeds from sale of property’” (75).
May 29, 2017, 1:18 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

“This is consistent with information gathered in qualitative interviews which indicate that at least some land owned jointly or by the man alone will actually be in her possession after divorce, i.e. improving her threat point in cooperative intrahousehold bargaining. However, the difference implies that it matters for women’s empowerment whether the land becomes her, his or jointly owned and policy makers are now rightfully discarding the unitary model of the household” (24).
May 27, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee notes with concern: … gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from traditional work and family life patterns ... often lead to men having enhanced human capital and earning potential, while women may experience the opposite, so that spouses currently do not equitably share in the economic consequences of the marriage and its dissolution” (13).
May 27, 2017, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee recommends that the State party: … Conduct research on the economic consequences of divorce on both spouses and adopt such legal measures as may be necessary to redress economic disparities between men and women upon the dissolution of marriage, including, in particular, the recognition of earning potential as part of the marital property to be distributed upon divorce or the award of periodic payments as compensation for the loss of earning potential during marriage” (13-14).
May 25, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee is particularly concerned by: ... The lack of information about whether, when determining the distribution of property upon divorce, judges take into account the differences in the earning potential and human capital of spouses and address gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from the existing sex segregation of the labour market, the gender wage gap and women’s disproportionate share in unpaid work such as childcare” (13).