The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 8, 2019, 5:21 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"'Triple talaq', as it's known, allows a husband to divorce his wife by repeating the word "talaq" (divorce) three times in any form, including email or text message" (para. 2). "There have been cases in which Muslim men in India have divorced their wives by issuing the so-called triple talaq by letter, telephone and, increasingly, by text message, WhatsApp and Skype. A number of these cases made their way to the courts as women contested the custom" (para. 12).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"'Khula' divorce allows a Muslim woman to obtain a divorce without her husband’s consent, provided she forgoes all her financial rights, including alimony, dowry, and other benefits. The Coptic Orthodox Church permits divorce only in rare circumstances, such as adultery or conversion of one spouse to another religion. Other Christian churches sometimes permitted divorce on a case-by-case basis." (43-44). "In marriage and divorce cases, a woman’s testimony must be judged credible to be admissible. Usually the woman accomplishes credibility by conveying her testimony through an adult male relative or representative. The law assumes a man’s testimony is credible unless proven otherwise." (44).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Legal annulments and separation are possible, and courts generally recognized foreign divorces if one of the parties is a foreigner. These options, however, are costly, complex, and not readily available to the poor. The Office of the Solicitor General is required to oppose requests for annulment under the constitution. Informal separation is common, but brings with it potential legal and financial problems" (27).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women experienced discrimination in divorce settlements, especially in regard to retaining property and financial assets" (24).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-1

"Divorce is available to both men and women. Many divorcees received no alimony, since there was no system to enforce such payments. The law requires a divorced woman to wait 40 days before remarrying; a man may remarry immediately" (Pg 28).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Muslim women are required to present some form of admissible evidence in order to be able to file for divorce, and their testimony alone is insufficient to prove grounds for divorce, while Muslim men may unilaterally repudiate a marriage without any condition or reason" (12).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4, ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"On August 6, the Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional the practice of refunding the bride price after the breakdown of a customary marriage. Chief Justice Bart Katureebe wrote, “the practice of refunding bride price suggests that women are held on loan and can be returned and money recovered.” The court, however, rejected the argument that bride price itself was unconstitutional. Mifumi, a women’s rights organization that brought the case to court, stated bride price encouraged domestic violence and led men to believe they had paid for their wives’ sexual and reproductive capacity" (Pg 30).
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned about the absence of a statutory framework regulating de facto unions and ensuring the economic equality of women and men, in particular upon the dissolution of such a union" (15).
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Due to family pressure, young women, especially adolescent girls, often dropped out of school to marry. The law protects women’s rights in marriage and family matters, but families often pressured female minors to marry against their will. Religious marriages were common substitutes for civil marriages, due to the high marriage registration fees associated with civil marriages and the power afforded men under religious law. In cases of religious marriages not registered with the government, husbands simply repeated a phrase in front of two witnesses to divorce their wives. Husbands also used these officially unregistered religious marriages to prevent wives from accessing family assets and other rights in the event of...more
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

Despite statutory law to the contrary, under customary law a divorce is not final until the wife and her family return the full dowry to the husband’s family. As a result, families often dissuaded women from divorce. Traditional courts usually ruled in favor of the husband’s family in most cases of child custody, unless children were between three and seven years of age" (Pg 37).
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The law provides that either spouse has the right to acquire property and stipulates that gifts, payments, or dowries upon marriage are nonrefundable, allowing women in unhappy marriages to divorce without being forced to return dowries. Since the law defines 'property' as mutually owned land and because land outside of Freetown is generally communal or family property, however, it was difficult to prove a couple owned the land together and that a widow thus had a right to it" (Pg 20).
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"A husband who verbally (rather than through a court process) divorces his wife or refuses to sign final divorce papers continues to be her legal guardian" (Pg 38). "In divorce proceedings, women must demonstrate legally specified grounds for divorce, but men can divorce without giving cause. In doing so, men must pay immediately an amount of money agreed at the time of the marriage that serves as a one-time alimony payment. Men can be forced, however, to make subsequent alimony payments by court order. The government began implementing an identification system based on fingerprints that was designed to provide women more reliable access to courts. The previous system required women...more
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Decree No. 27-2010 amending the Civil Code and the Penal Code to eliminate provisions that discriminate against women in relation to marriage, divorce and the presumption of paternity" (2).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights advocates indicated that in rural areas women often forfeited land and property rights to their husbands in divorce proceedings" (57)
June 7, 2019, 11:46 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"When a marriage is terminated in Afghanistan, the husband is liable to provide maintenance for the iddat (waiting period) only. Maintenance is defined in the law as taking care of the basic needs of the wife. Women have no legal right to reside in the marital home without the consent of the husband and his family. This weakens a woman’s position in cases of violence, as raising a complaint, and subsequent dissolution of marriage, would potentially mean losing her home" (Pg 16). "Women across Afghanistan were required to withdraw their official complaints, upon the initiation of divorce proceedings. UNAMA found that perpetrators of violence used the threat of divorce or...more
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"In the province of Vorarlberg, a platform named Lawyers for marriage and family law informs women about divorce and socio-economic consequences of divorce" (31).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"Local and international NGOs reported that the practice of husbands or their families threatening to divorce wives they married when the girls were very young (ages 12 to 16) to pressure the girl’s family to provide additional money to the girl’s husband and his family also occurred, particularly in the south. Victims of these forced divorces were compelled to leave their husbands and their husbands’ families, and social customs regarding family honor often prevented victims from returning to their own families, leaving some adolescent girls abandoned" (44).
May 16, 2019, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"She wanted to divorce him but was worried that she and her child would be left without financial entitlement because she was told by religious arbitrators that if she initiated the divorce, she’d lose her dowry. She was not informed by the religious arbitrator to seek advice on her financial rights under UK family law. Therefore religious arbitrators were effectively a barrier to her understanding or accessing her rights under UK law." (para. 9). "Her husband continued to coercively control her and told her she should return to him or alternatively he’d divorce her and allow her to remain with the children on the condition that she never remarried or...more
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that its previous recommendations to better redress gender disparities and economic disparities ('shortfalls') upon divorce have not been followed, and that the amended Child Maintenance Act has not introduced a federal scheme of deficit-sharing and a minimal contribution to child maintenance, and, as a result, child maintenance is determined only to the extent that the person duty-bound to pay such maintenance is financially able to pay" (17).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Divorce and maintenance laws were equitable, but many women lacked awareness of their rights" (35).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"A woman has the right to divorce if her husband signs a contract granting that right; cannot provide for his family; has violated the terms of their marriage contract; or is a drug addict, insane, or impotent. A husband is not required to cite a reason for divorcing his wife" (35).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The ACWF reported that approximately one-quarter of the 400,000 divorces registered each year were the result of family violence" (page 51-52). "Women’s rights advocates indicated that in rural areas women often forfeited land and property rights to their husbands in divorce proceedings. Rural contract law and laws protecting women’s rights stipulate that women enjoy equal rights in cases of land management, but experts assserted that this was rarely the case due to the complexity of the law and difficulties in its implementation. A 2011 Supreme People’s Court decision exacerbated the gender wealth gap by stating that after divorce marital property belongs solely to the person registered as the homeowner in...more
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"The family code places the family under the joint responsibility of both spouses, makes divorce available by mutual consent, and places legal limits on polygamy. Implementation of family law reforms remained a problem. The judiciary lacked willingness to enforce them, as many judges did not agree with their provisions. Corruption among working-level court clerks and lack of knowledge about its provisions among lawyers were also obstacles to enforcement of the law" (page 28).
March 6, 2019, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The government provided free legal aid to the indigent in family matters (excluding divorce)" (3).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The Family Cohesion and Women’s Empowerment Strategy (2011–2016), which seeks to strengthen family cohesion, to rationalize the use of domestic labour, to reduce the number of cases of domestic violence and provide protection and support to affected families, to support and empower economically and socially vulnerable families, to assist women in achieving an appropriate balance between their work-related and family responsibilities, and to empower women in all areas" (13-14). "In 2016 and 2017, the Department of Family Affairs conducted numerous initiatives and operational activities that were designed to protect and strengthen the rights of women. That included holding training workshops and programmes for productive families on developing household enterprises, taking...more
Feb. 26, 2019, 5:58 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"If a woman decides to divorce her husband, she has to apply for a court order while men have the right to unilaterally divorce their wives" (para. 5).
Feb. 25, 2019, 7 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"A new regulation in Saudia Arbaia will end the practice of women being divorced without their knowledge. Starting today, divorce courts in the Middle Eastern kingdom will be required by law to notify women by text message on rulings which confirm their divorce" (para. 1 - 2).
Feb. 15, 2019, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"She wanted to divorce him but was worried that she and her child would be left without financial entitlement because she was told by religious arbitrators that if she initiated the divorce, she’d lose her dowry. She was not informed by the religious arbitrator to seek advice on her financial rights under UK family law. Therefore religious arbitrators were effectively a barrier to her understanding or accessing her rights under UK law." (para. 9). "Her husband continued to coercively control her and told her she should return to him or alternatively he’d divorce her and allow her to remain with the children on the condition that she never remarried or...more
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The albino rights organization run by prominent Malian singer Salif Keita noted that men often divorced their wives for giving birth to an albino" (page 26).
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Married women who are unable to divorce because they have not received the get continue to suffer stigma and discrimination when they bear children by men other than their husbands" (pg. 8) Get is consent to divorce (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "Psychological violence and abuse by husbands against their wives during divorce proceedings through the withholding of consent to divorce (also known as get abuse)" (pg. 8). "Women suffer from discrimination in divorce matters because they are under the influence of discriminatory religious laws. Given that, under Jewish law, only men can grant consent for a divorce (get), women are susceptible to extortion by their husbands and concede to certain marital terms...more