The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-2

June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"[There is] Discrimination against women married under Islamic law, including the right of men to divorce their wives unilaterally, and reports of abusive behaviour, including the withholding of divorce certificates and forced concessions in return for the divorce certificate" (14)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, CUST-LAW-1

"Traditional legal practices in the North Caucasus award the husband custody of children and all property in divorce cases. As a result women in the region were often unwilling to seek divorce, even in cases of abuse," (55).
May 1, 2018, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"While a Muslim man can divorce his wife by saying 'I divorce you' in Arabic three times, women have a much harder time in Australia getting permission to be allowed a separation" (para 5).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the limited grounds available to women to seek divorce while men may unilaterally ask for divorce for any reason" (pg 11).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the State party’s legislation establishes different post-divorce conditions for men and women, under which men are allowed to remarry 180 days after the divorce, while women can do so only after 300 days, except under certain conditions that are not equally applicable to men, on the basis of the so-called “presumption of paternity” principle; . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Revise its legislation to provide for equal treatment of men and women with regard to conditions following divorce and eliminate time limits for remarriage" (page 11).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to regulate some aspects of traditional marriages, including their registration and the equitable distribution of property upon dissolution. It remains concerned, however, that . . . owing to customary and traditional attitudes, women are considered inferior to men and do not benefit from the right to equal treatment in marriage and family matters, including divorce, inheritance and custody, and that cases of polygamy persist. . . . The Committee recalls its general recommendations No. 21 (1994) on equality in marriage and family relations and No. 29 (2013) on article 16 of the Convention (economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the Legal Aid Act (No. 29 of 1990), as amended by Act No. 17 of 2000, provides for a legal aid scheme in the State party. The Committee is concerned, however, that, notwithstanding the existence of a legal aid scheme, which is based on a means and merit test, women’s access to justice, in particular in civil cases, including divorce, and in cases of gender-based violence, continues to be limited owing in part to reported cuts to the legal aid fund. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that adequate funding is provided to the legal aid fund and that women, in particular women pursuing...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee remains concerned about…the limited grounds available to women to seek divorce when men may unilaterally ask for divorce for any reason" (17).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The establishment of patriarchy is most clearly expressed in the ultimate power of the man not to release his wife from the bonds of marriage…Divorce is not a judicial act and may be achieved only in accordance with the husband's wish" (15). "a Jewish divorce occurs only when a man issues a bill of divorce to his wife (a get). Generally speaking, a woman cannot demand a get nor can she claim her marriage is dead. The get is an exclusive right of the husband. The asymmetry and inequality are clear: A Jewish woman cannot divorce her husband. If the wife refuses her consent, the husband may be able to...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"To escape an abusive marriage, wida Saghari struggled for five years to finalize a divorce" (para 1). This imples that it is very difficult for a woman to get a divorce (EJ-Coder Comment).
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

At 5:59 of the video Razia [age 14] says "Here I can meet friends, go around with them, chat with them. I don’t want to marry now.Yes, some of my friends got married, and got divorced. Like Brishti" (ENB-Coder Comment).At 10:16 the video says "One week after the wedding they started demanding dowry. The money that was agreed was demanded, along with a gold ring and furniture. My father-in-law demanded the 35,000 taka ($450) and the other things, or the marriage wouldn’t last. If I could have gone to their house with dowry my in-laws would have loved me. But I couldn’t. That’s why they thought badly of me...After a...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Another concern is that divorce cases should be held in secrecy to protect the privacy of the family. Yet, several women’s associations believe this is a method to keep independent observers away from the courts, and therefore leaving women more vulnerable. The report advises to reduce the years of separation required to seek divorce from three to one, which is interesting because mostly in Turkey it is men who have the means to leave the household. So now while claiming to minimize divorce rates, this indeed would make divorce easier. Post-divorce, the recommendations suggest limiting the time period for alimony. Yet, it does not provide evidence on what percentage of...more
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Jihan said that in August, after many more beatings, she asked her husband for a divorce. He replied, 'You want a divorce? You can have it this way.' Then he punched her in the eye and attempted to slash her face with a knife. She raised her arm in defense, and he slashed her arm instead"(5)."Jihan was staying at a shelter run by a nongovernmental organization at the time of the interview [she is a victim of domestic violence and marital rape], and felt she had nowhere else to turn. She said she wanted a divorce, but her father refused to hand over her marriage certificate for the divorce application....more
Nov. 3, 2017, 8:07 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Six months after the wedding, her new husband summarily divorced her, claiming that she had not been a virgin when they married" (para 1). "'At first my husband said he trusted me because we had grown up together, but six months after we married he wanted to take another wife. When I told my father that my husband was arranging another marriage, the arguments began. Then my husband told everyone that I wasn’t a virgin when we got married'" (para 3). Aisha's husband divorced her on accusations that she wasn't a virgin when they got married (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "In the absence of blood [on the wedding night], the...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ATDW-LAW-3, ATDW-DATA-1

"Infertility or childlessness in Afghan society is considered a taboo and almost always women are blamed for it. In fact, often people only take the woman to the doctor when problems with infertility arise. Sometimes, men marry a second or third wife to get children, without checking their own health, because it is assumed that the problem must be with the woman"(para 6)."In Afghanistan, when a man has reproductive system issues, the family will do anything to sweep the story under the rug. But, when a woman can’t conceive, the story is discussed everywhere, in her presence and absence. Moreover, the husband gets all the sympathy from the family members...more
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-DATA-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1

"Many rural women also experience domestic violence, but divorce is not an option because their families are unable to support them if they leave their husbands"(para 3)
Sept. 22, 2017, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"'The woman can also negotiate in the nikahnama and include provisions therein consistent with Islamic law to contractually stipulate that her husband does not resort to triple talaq, she has right to pronounce triple talaq in all forms, and ask for very high 'mehr' amount in case of talaq and impose such other conditions as are available to her in order to protect her dignity,' the Muslim law board said" (3). "Interestingly, last September, AIMPLB had filed an affidavit in SC in response to petitions by Shayara Bano and others challenging triple talaq and said, 'Sharia grants right to divorce to husbands because men have greater power of decision-making'" (4).more
Sept. 22, 2017, 7:08 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Farha's husband divorced her in October 2016, during a festival, when he became angry that their daughter had asked him for five rupees to purchase some fireworks" (para 17). Farha was the victim of an Islamic practice called triple talaq that allows a man to divorce his wife simply by saying the Arabic word for divorce, talaq, three times (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "In 1985, a woman named Shah Bano fought a case in the Supreme Court against her husband after he left her without providing her money to live on her own. Her husband was a well-established lawyer. She was already in her seventies at the time and was...more
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The bitter divorce is being fought under millennia-old Jewish law. According to the law, a woman needs the approval of her husband to dissolve a marriage...The chief rabbinate court in Tel Aviv, pictured, has banned a US businessman from leaving Israel because his son is refusing to grant a divorce to his partially disabled wife"(para 3).In Israel, where all marriages are subject to religious law, this norm has left thousands of women in legal limbo due to husbands who refuse to grant divorces. In recent decades, the rabbinical courts have gained the authority to impose various sanctions against recalcitrant husbands"(para 4-5)."But legal experts say that never before have they punished...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, CUST-LAW-1

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office"(para 17)
Sept. 1, 2017, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

“A woman who wants to divorce her husband meanwhile faces a legal and social minefield, while the procedure is relatively easy for men. ‘Since 2004 in Morocco, a man is not supposed to repudiate and divorce his wife and take another spouse without her unforced permission. But the reality is most women don’t know they have these rights or can’t exercise them,’ says Zioual” (para 21).
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Majeda is only 13 and was forced to marry last year. She can’t talk openly in front of her husband. But after a great deal of persuasion, he gives us permission to go for a drive" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 8:00 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "When I was giving birth, the doctors wanted to do a C-section, but my husband said ‘no’" (1). This is a quote from a 13 year old child bride (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

1994 Decree-Law 154: Divorce attorney. (WROLUCFW: P2)
Aug. 5, 2017, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Few women try to escape a violent home because they are economically dependant on their husbands. And while according to Iranian law men can divorce at will, for women it often requires a long legal battle" (para 15)
June 19, 2017, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"In one study of and by Sudanese women, the researchers concluded: Women do not like polygamy but cannot do anything about it. Divorce is the de facto right of men in the Sudan, whatever the behaviour of the husband. Only one of the respondents tried to gain a divorce from her husband and she could not make the legal system work in her favour and so gave up. Men can and do divorce women when they want too, although this was comparatively rare among our interviewees. The fact that men can take another wife or divorce their existing wife is a source of insecurity and anxiety for women and helps...more
June 16, 2017, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-2

"The only chance a wife has to stay in Switzerland should her husband or ex husband get expelled because of bigamy, is if her kids were born and raised here and relatively old (adolescence) and her financial situation is absolutely spot on. If the kids are young the authorities just say that they are young enough to adjust to life in their own country...Sometimes, if the wife is too quick in getting a job and supporting the family and becoming financially independent, the Swiss authorities rule that she is resourceful and smart enough to make it happen back home, too" (para 10)
June 15, 2017, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Egyptian law currently grants a Muslim husband the right to divorce his wife in her absence and without her knowledge. He may initiate and conclude all the divorce procedures himself, only letting her know at the final stage" (para 2).
June 8, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"...the Supreme Court of India is poised to rule on complaints filed by five Muslim women who argue that being divorced in this way violates their fundamental right to equality under the Indian Constitution. Three Muslim women’s organizations have filed petitions in support of the divorced women...The All India Muslim Personal Law Board, which presents itself as the protector of Muslim rights, has argued that instant divorce is part of the practice of Islam and thus protected by the Constitution. ‘Triple talaq is going on since 1,400 years, how can you say it is unconstitutional?’ said Kapil Sibal, the lawyer representing the Muslim law board, who is a Harvard Law...more
June 8, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In person, over the phone, in a letter or even on WhatsApp, Muslim men who repeat talaq — the Arabic word for divorce — three times can instantly end their marriages, according to some interpretations of Islamic law. The word is used by Indian Muslims even if they do not speak Arabic. With such divorces, which are available only to men, husbands can oust their wives from their homes, C310usually without any alimony or other financial support, leaving the women with few resources or prospects" (p 4-5)
May 17, 2017, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The issue of Yemen's child brides got widespread attention three years ago when an eight-year-old girl boldly went by herself to a courtroom and demanded a judge dissolve her marriage to a man in his 30s. She eventually won a divorce, and legislators began looking at ways to curb the practice" (para 17-18).