The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-2

June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan

"Women may seek divorce without the consent of their husbands in limited circumstances such as abandonment, spousal abuse, or in return for waiving financial rights" (32).
June 7, 2019, 11:46 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"When a marriage is terminated in Afghanistan, the husband is liable to provide maintenance for the iddat (waiting period) only. Maintenance is defined in the law as taking care of the basic needs of the wife. Women have no legal right to reside in the marital home without the consent of the husband and his family. This weakens a woman’s position in cases of violence, as raising a complaint, and subsequent dissolution of marriage, would potentially mean losing her home" (Pg 16). "Women across Afghanistan were required to withdraw their official complaints, upon the initiation of divorce proceedings. UNAMA found that perpetrators of violence used the threat of divorce or...more
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The lack of information about whether, when determining the distribution of property upon divorce, judges take into account the differences in the earning potential and human capital of spouses and address gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from the existing sex segregation of the labour market, the gender wage gap and women’s disproportionate share in unpaid work such as childcare" (13).
May 24, 2019, 2:09 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In 2016, Mr. Miyazaki, then a lower house Liberal Democratic Party lawmaker, was praised for being the first lawmaker to ever take paternity leave. But he quickly lost support when news broke that he was having an extramarital affair while his wife was pregnant. Mr. Miyazaki resigned from his seat. Ms. Kaneko, in turn, was also criticized when it became clear she had decided not to divorce him" (para 28). Women can initiate a divorce (HGM - CODER COMMENT).
May 15, 2019, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"For the most part, women had equal property rights, the same legal status to initiate divorce proceedings, and equal access to education and some jobs; however, cultural traditions and child rearing responsibilities limited the ability of women to reach senior positions in business or even participate in the workforce" (26).
May 14, 2019, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"For centuries, women have been expected to endure bad marriages in many conservative pockets of West Africa. Divorce happened, but most often the husbands were the ones casting off their partners. Tradition has bound women so tightly that spouses are sometimes chosen for babies in the womb" (para 4).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Limited data are available on the economic consequences of divorce on women" (15).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"A woman has the right to divorce if her husband signs a contract granting that right; cannot provide for his family; has violated the terms of their marriage contract; or is a drug addict, insane, or impotent. A husband is not required to cite a reason for divorcing his wife. The law recognizes a divorced woman’s right to part of shared property and to alimony. These laws were not always enforced" (35).
March 22, 2019, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"A bill entitled 'The Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution Law of 2015' has been submitted to the HOR. This will enable family courts, in divorce cases to sit with a single judge. This measure is expected to significantly accelerate the judicial proceedings, for the benefit of all involved. Delays in such proceedings have proved to adversely affect women more than men" (35).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria

"The law generally permits women to initiate divorce proceedings against their spouses, although some Christian sects strongly discouraged both women and men from doing so" (para 197).
March 20, 2019, 11:36 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Civil law… grounds for divorce and divorce procedures differently for men and women" (11).
March 5, 2019, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"While sharia generally requires a husband’s consent for divorce, a small but steadily increasing number of women were able to obtain divorces under sharia without their husband’s consent" (23-24).
Feb. 25, 2019, 7 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"A new regulation in Saudia Arbaia will end the practice of women being divorced without their knowledge. Starting today, divorce courts in the Middle Eastern kingdom will be required by law to notify women by text message on rulings which confirm their divorce" (para. 1 - 2).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali

"The law does not provide the same legal status and rights for women as for men, particularly concerning divorce and inheritance. Women are legally obligated to obey their husbands and are particularly vulnerable in cases of divorce, child custody, and inheritance. Women had very limited access to legal services due to their lack of education and information as well as the prohibitive cost" (page 21).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is particularly concerned about restrictions on the right of women to divorce (arts. 102–110, 111–119 and 120–148)" (pg. 3-4). "Discriminatory provisions in the Personal Status Act relating to child custody, divorce and guardianship, which increase the risk of women being exposed to gender-based violence, and create barriers for women wishing to leave violent relationships and obtain justice" (pg. 13).
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel

"Women suffer from discrimination in divorce matters because they are under the influence of discriminatory religious laws. Given that, under Jewish law, only men can grant consent for a divorce (get), women are susceptible to extortion by their husbands and concede to certain marital terms in return for a get, while Muslim women fear losing custody of their children should they embark on a new relationship" (pg. 17).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:32 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"While this is welcome news, we are also encouraging Togo to conduct a full review of the nationality law to reaffirm that naturalized Togolese women will not lose their nationality in cases of divorce. Due to conflicting language in the law (Article 23 of the nationality law vs Article 149 of the 2012 Code of Persons and the Family), confusion remains on this point" (para 42).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey

"On May 5, the Stop Women Murders Now Platform, a domestic NGO, reported that 27 percent of killings of women involved wives seeking a divorce" (page 56).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Gender bias at the village level influences matrimonial matters as well; a man is always granted his request for a divorce while a woman may be denied or have to pay for one" (page 28). "Kuki: By Kuki customary law, when a woman and a man get divorced, women do not have the right to any inheritance. In the case of divorce, women are not allowed to sit in the meeting to resolve the case, and are not entitled to custody of their children or any compensation. Source: Kuki Women’s Human Rights Organisation (KWHRO)" (page 84).
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes that men apply for divorce more often than women and regrets the lack of information about the underlying causes that could help to understand the imbalance" (13).
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Men have a unilateral right to divorce, while women must apply to the courts for divorce on specific grounds" (para 42). "Ikhlas Sufan, a director of a shelter in Nablus, told Human Rights Watch that 'divorce cases can go on for two to three years because the husband can claim he wants to reconcile when he doesn’t really.' This relates to cases in which a woman may seek a divorce on the basis of 'dispute and discord' under article 132 of the Personal Status Law in the West Bank or 'harm' under article 97 of the Family Rights Law in Gaza provided the spouses undergo a mandatory mediation process. In...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Egypt

"Rights lawyer Azza Soliman told Al-Monitor: 'Under khul, a woman is required to give up her legal financial rights and return the dowry she received from her spouse. So while khul appears in theory to offer women a solution to their marital woes, in practice, the procedure is time-consuming and at times humiliating for the woman, who has to represent herself in court and is often prodded by the judge to reveal the reasons for seeking the divorce'" (para. 13).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Nargez was 14 years old when her father arranged her marriage to a 55-year-old stranger who had offered a large amount of money. After years of sexual and physical abuse, she fled with her brother’s help and sought safety in his home. But when she tried to file for divorce, her husband pressed charges against her for running away and against her brother for helping her. They were both sentenced to seven years in jail" (para 2). "Lack of access to civil documentation such as tazkera (national IDs) and marriage certificates is a major, but hidden, reason for difficulties in gaining access to justice. Without tazkera and a marriage certificate,...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Married couples canot end marriage by agreement between themselves. To conclude a legally binding marriage conditions set by the law must be observed and these conditions are applicable to all types of marriage equally. These conditions relate to biological (age, sex, state of health), sociological (bigamy, relatives by consanguinity and affinity, relatives by adoption) and psychological (consent) factors... These serious conditions are age, mental capacity, bigamy, family relationship and consent" (4-5).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman

"The Personal Status Law, article 94, states that the two spouses may agree to end their marriage through a Khula, i.e., divorce at the instance of the wife, who must pay compensation. If Khula is offered in order to relinquish custody of the children or any other right, the Khula stipulation is revoked and the Khula becomes a divorce as stated in article 96 of the aforesaid law" (Pg 40).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Under Islamic practice, husbands may divorce their wives more easily than wives may divorce their husbands" (19).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"[There is] Discrimination against women married under Islamic law, including the right of men to divorce their wives unilaterally, and reports of abusive behaviour, including the withholding of divorce certificates and forced concessions in return for the divorce certificate" (14)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia

"Traditional legal practices in the North Caucasus award the husband custody of children and all property in divorce cases. As a result women in the region were often unwilling to seek divorce, even in cases of abuse," (55).
May 1, 2018, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"While a Muslim man can divorce his wife by saying 'I divorce you' in Arabic three times, women have a much harder time in Australia getting permission to be allowed a separation" (para 5).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the limited grounds available to women to seek divorce while men may unilaterally ask for divorce for any reason" (pg 11).