The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-2

Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The bitter divorce is being fought under millennia-old Jewish law. According to the law, a woman needs the approval of her husband to dissolve a marriage...The chief rabbinate court in Tel Aviv, pictured, has banned a US businessman from leaving Israel because his son is refusing to grant a divorce to his partially disabled wife"(para 3).In Israel, where all marriages are subject to religious law, this norm has left thousands of women in legal limbo due to husbands who refuse to grant divorces. In recent decades, the rabbinical courts have gained the authority to impose various sanctions against recalcitrant husbands"(para 4-5)."But legal experts say that never before have they punished ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, CUST-LAW-1

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office"(para 17)
Sept. 1, 2017, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

“A woman who wants to divorce her husband meanwhile faces a legal and social minefield, while the procedure is relatively easy for men. ‘Since 2004 in Morocco, a man is not supposed to repudiate and divorce his wife and take another spouse without her unforced permission. But the reality is most women don’t know they have these rights or can’t exercise them,’ says Zioual” (para 21).
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Majeda is only 13 and was forced to marry last year. She can’t talk openly in front of her husband. But after a great deal of persuasion, he gives us permission to go for a drive" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 8:00 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "When I was giving birth, the doctors wanted to do a C-section, but my husband said ‘no’" (1). This is a quote from a 13 year old child bride (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

1994 Decree-Law 154: Divorce attorney. (WROLUCFW: P2)
Aug. 5, 2017, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Few women try to escape a violent home because they are economically dependant on their husbands. And while according to Iranian law men can divorce at will, for women it often requires a long legal battle" (para 15)
June 19, 2017, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"In one study of and by Sudanese women, the researchers concluded: Women do not like polygamy but cannot do anything about it. Divorce is the de facto right of men in the Sudan, whatever the behaviour of the husband. Only one of the respondents tried to gain a divorce from her husband and she could not make the legal system work in her favour and so gave up. Men can and do divorce women when they want too, although this was comparatively rare among our interviewees. The fact that men can take another wife or divorce their existing wife is a source of insecurity and anxiety for women and helps ...more
June 16, 2017, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-2

"The only chance a wife has to stay in Switzerland should her husband or ex husband get expelled because of bigamy, is if her kids were born and raised here and relatively old (adolescence) and her financial situation is absolutely spot on. If the kids are young the authorities just say that they are young enough to adjust to life in their own country...Sometimes, if the wife is too quick in getting a job and supporting the family and becoming financially independent, the Swiss authorities rule that she is resourceful and smart enough to make it happen back home, too" (para 10)
June 15, 2017, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Egyptian law currently grants a Muslim husband the right to divorce his wife in her absence and without her knowledge. He may initiate and conclude all the divorce procedures himself, only letting her know at the final stage" (para 2).
June 8, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"...the Supreme Court of India is poised to rule on complaints filed by five Muslim women who argue that being divorced in this way violates their fundamental right to equality under the Indian Constitution. Three Muslim women’s organizations have filed petitions in support of the divorced women...The All India Muslim Personal Law Board, which presents itself as the protector of Muslim rights, has argued that instant divorce is part of the practice of Islam and thus protected by the Constitution. ‘Triple talaq is going on since 1,400 years, how can you say it is unconstitutional?’ said Kapil Sibal, the lawyer representing the Muslim law board, who is a Harvard Law ...more
June 8, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In person, over the phone, in a letter or even on WhatsApp, Muslim men who repeat talaq — the Arabic word for divorce — three times can instantly end their marriages, according to some interpretations of Islamic law. The word is used by Indian Muslims even if they do not speak Arabic. With such divorces, which are available only to men, husbands can oust their wives from their homes, C310usually without any alimony or other financial support, leaving the women with few resources or prospects" (p 4-5)
May 17, 2017, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The issue of Yemen's child brides got widespread attention three years ago when an eight-year-old girl boldly went by herself to a courtroom and demanded a judge dissolve her marriage to a man in his 30s. She eventually won a divorce, and legislators began looking at ways to curb the practice" (para 17-18).
May 11, 2017, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

“Women experienced discrimination in ... divorce” (30).
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"Both men and women have the right to initiate divorce proceedings, but women faced significant difficulties, including a lack of financial resources to obtain legal counsel, which prevented some of them from pursuing such proceedings" (22).
April 19, 2017, 11:53 a.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"It is, however, reported that the rights of Muslim women with respect to divorce are infringed by Islamic personal laws. Women are required to attend the Muslim Family Council to ask for a divorce, whereas men can divorce their wives by ‘talaaq’ or repudiation. If the husband does not attend the panel with the Muslim Family Council or if the panel does not consider the woman’s justifications to be valid, the woman is unable to divorce her husband" (para 11).
April 18, 2017, 12:30 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Modern reforms have technically ended discrimination in divorce and child custody cases. However, few rural women are able to take advantage of their rights, and customary laws continue to favor males" (792).
April 13, 2017, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Although domestic violence is often the reason for a woman to seek divorce, it is not often brought up in divorce proceedings. Instead, the ground of 'disharmony' will be given, with medical records submitted as evidence, demon-strating the wife’s injuries, their extent, and their frequency. Usually, no specific allegation against the husband is made. Judges, accustomed to this, read between the lines. That is not to say that they necessarily grant the divorce. In at least one case, a woman had to make a second attempt to divorce her husband; the first application was refused, but her attempt angered her husband so much that he fractured her skull. In the ...more
March 28, 2017, 1:47 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The harsh realities of life for rural Guineans and the concentrated effort to keep women subservi-ent traditionally meant that divorces were virtu-ally unattainable. Desperate women simply ran away, leaving their children behind because they had no right to take them away" (526).
March 23, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The European Commission report notes that, in cases of divorce, it is the custom in many Roma communities for the father to decide on the custody of the children (Nov. 2008, 123). As a result, many Roma women choose to stay with their husbands, 'even in very difficult marriages or in cases of domestic violence' (European Commission Nov. 2008, 123)"(para 13)."Within Hungary's family law system in general, the NANE representative explained that victims of domestic violence are likely to facelaws and practice creating obstacles to divorce, laws and practice that do not consider DV [domestic violence] while granting visitation rights or even custody to abusive fathers, a statute of limitations ...more
March 16, 2017, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"In France, divorce can be quite easy and quick. Even though it cannot be as quick as separation for cohabiting couples, there is nonetheless evidence that marriage is no longer a strong binding relationship in France"(209)
March 7, 2017, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Articles 49 and 50 of the Family Code establish that either spouse can initiate divorce. According to the 2011 official report to the CEDAW Committee, mothers most often gain custody of children following a divorce, especially if the children are young and / or female. This is the case in situations where the couple has reached a mutual agreement amicably, and where the court has intervened and awarded legal custody. 14 However, in its Concluding Observations, the CEDAW Committee raised concerns that the state routinely fails to enforce child maintenances orders, and that divorced and separated women have no access to effective remedies enabling them to claim maintenance from former ...more
Feb. 1, 2017, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The village had its own plan for these young women. Upon reaching adulthood, they would be transferred to the guardianship of another family, along with a huge dowry that serves as an incentive to treat them well. The transfer is final." (para 21). This indicates that it would likely be difficult for women to obtain a divorce (KH- CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

“Women may seek divorce without the consent of their husbands in limited circumstances such as abandonment, spousal abuse, or in return for waiving financial rights. The law allows retention of financial rights under specific circumstances, such as spousal abuse. Special courts for each Christian denomination adjudicate marriage and divorce” (32).
Dec. 27, 2016, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In Israel, marriages and divorces sit under rabbinical law, which states that divorces can only take place if requested by the husband" (16).
Dec. 12, 2016, 9:03 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"National Society for Human Rights (NSHR) Secretary-General Khalid Al-Fakhry said the ministry’s support has enabled many women to file lawsuits and get justice mostly in personal status issues. 'Women can now file lawsuits in courts in their location of residence irrespective of whether the defendant resides in the same location or not. The legal system obliges plaintiffs to file lawsuits at courts in locations where the defendants lived. However, the ministry has exempted women from the requirement, relieving them of the burden of travel and transport to claim justice, said Al-Fakhry. He said the procedure for a woman to file a lawsuit takes only minutes now when it takes hours ...more
Dec. 1, 2016, 8:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"In the survey it was found that more than 90 percent of Muslim women in India want the 'triple talaq' divorce ritual and polygamy banned from family civil law in the country" (Para 2). "Activists say the current law discriminates against women and are calling for a well-defined Muslim law that criminalises polygamy, unilateral divorce, child custody and child marriage" (Para 4). "'The study has brought out a major injustice faced by Indian Muslim women through decades in the form of oral unilateral divorce or triple talaq,' said the report" (Para 10).
Nov. 27, 2016, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"She added that 'Qaziyat' is not just limited to solemnizing nikaah but has other responsibilities too. 'A Qazi has to speak about truthfulness and rights. In Ayats of Quran, rights are clearly mentioned. We will put our efforts to ensure women get the rights related to marriages, talaq and mehar along with other issues,' she said" (Para 4-5). Mehar is a compulsory part of an Islamic marriage contract, where the husband gives a gift of money, possessions, or property to his wife, which becomes her exclusive property. Talaq is the right of a Muslim man to divorce his wife by saying talaq (divorce) three times. (ML-CODER COMMENT)more
Nov. 15, 2016, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Main opposition Republican People’s Party deputy Candan Yuceer reminded listeners that in Turkey, at least one in three women were married while underage and pointed out that the court’s decision legalized child marriage in a way, leaving women and children with no rights in the event of divorce or a spouse’s death"(para 6). This may not necessarily affect a woman's ability to get a divorce but may dissuade her from doing so (ENB-Coder Comment)."In cases of extreme incompatibility, the new law also recognized a woman’s right to demand a divorce. But this law ended up being abandoned after many disputes. Minorities that wanted to protect their communal autonomy requested that ...more
Nov. 14, 2016, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Afghans still largely favour traditional forms of mediation over the country’s legal courts. Particularly outside cities, most Afghans continue to view the formal legal system as corrupt, unprofessional, inefficient and slow. Instead, village councils and tribal elders mete out justice based on religious tradition and mutual agreements. Suraya Pakzad, founder of the Voice of Women Organisation, which runs the shelter in Herat, said a formal court case can take several years and be costly in bribes and transportation to the city. In comparison, traditional mediation is faster and less corrupt. 'At least in the informal system, you come up with some solution,' Pakzad said. 'It’s easy, it’s cheap and it’s ...more
Nov. 7, 2016, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, DTCP-LAW-1

"Women have the right to initiate divorce proceedings, but both Shia and Sunni religious courts may refuse the request, although the refusal rate was significantly higher in Shia courts than in Sunni courts, with Shia courts often refusing to grant the divorce due to differences in legal codes" (30).