The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-2

Jan. 1, 2021, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"To many critics, the erasure of the three little girls from the textbook highlighted more than four decades of state-imposed discrimination against women, including discriminatory laws that give women less rights in areas such as child custody and divorce and force them to cover their hair and body in public" (13).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In cases such as divorce and domestic violence, Majidah said women sometimes have had to wait up to 10 years to get a court judgment granting a separation because of a 'lack of empathy' among male judges" (para 6).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In Turkey, divorce falls under civil law thanks to Ataturk-era reforms after World War I. The separating parties have equal rights, except for a stipulation that women cannot remarry for 300 days after divorce without permission from the court" (para 33).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"In Syria, divorce is a frightening prospect for women. Although citizens have equal rights in civil law, family law and divorce falls within the realm of sharia. Men, but not women, can unilaterally divorce with only a verbal decree. If a woman divorces through court proceedings, she rarely gets alimony, and she loses custody of young children if she remarries" (para 33).
Dec. 23, 2020, 10:47 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"This Nikahnama calls for registration of all marriages, calls for denial of second marriage unless there is a valid ground like death of the first wife etc, calls for minimum age of marriage for girls to be 18, (for boys 21), wife should have due place in the household even after the death of husband, divorce should be permitted in the physical presence of husband and wife both and it should be supported by legal documents, and in case of women demanding divorce, her voice should be respected and she should be allowed to keep personal belongings" (para 2). This is a model that calls for changes within the Muslim...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Meir Kin, the new husband, has been divorced for more than seven years, under California’s civil law. But he has refused to give his previous wife the document known as a “get,” as required by Orthodox Jewish law to end a marriage. In the eyes of religious authorities, the woman he married in 2000 is what is called an agunah — Hebrew for chained wife. Without the get, the woman, Lonna Kin, is forbidden under Jewish law to remarry" (para 3). "The case has become a powerful symbol for what activists say is a deepening crisis among Orthodox Jews — hundreds of women held hostage in a religious marriage, in...more
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Traditionally, divorce under Sharia law is the exclusive right of the man. Men are able to initate a divorce verbally or in writing, through an agent or directly. Women can only divorce if the right is stipulated in the marriage contract and a judge accepts the divorce in a Sharia court. Women can only apply for a divorce in extremely limited circumstances such as addiction, lack of proper support, or impotence" (5).
Nov. 11, 2020, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the continued application of the discriminatory provisions contained in the State party’s Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement of walis (guardians) for women for the marriage notwithstanding the woman’s consent, and the restrictions on women’s right to work and to divorce. The Committee is further concerned that early marriage remains lawful and, that girls can marry in exceptional cases at the age of 15 years, which, among other things leads to girls dropping out of school. The Committee is also concerned about the persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance, both as daughters and as widows" (Article 49).more
Oct. 16, 2020, 1:20 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

“In 2017, a German judge told a Syrian woman she had to remove her Islamic head scarf in court during a divorce hearing or she would not be able to legally separate” (Para 8).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"men have a unilateral right to divorce while women must apply to the courts for divorce on limited grounds" (para 12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Kuwaiti personal status law, which applies to Sunni Muslims who make up the majority of Kuwaitis, discriminates against women [ . . . ] women must apply to the courts for a divorce on limited grounds, unlike men who can unilaterally divorce their wives" (para 17).
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, DSFMF-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

“N. v. Sweden (no. 23505/09) (20 July 2010): The applicant, an Afghan national having an extra-marital affair with a man in Sweden, maintained that she risked social exclusion, long imprisonment or even death if returned to Afghanistan. Her applications for asylum were unsuccessful. The Court found that the applicant’s deportation from Sweden to Afghanistan would constitute a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) of the Convention. It noted that women were at particular risk of ill-treatment in Afghanistan if perceived as not conforming to the gender roles ascribed to them by society, tradition and even the legal system. The mere fact that the applicant...more
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, CUST-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination includes inequality in access to divorce, child custody, and inheritance and property rights" (para 17).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Mauritania's laws on divorce...discriminate against women" (para 24).
Aug. 8, 2020, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"Algeria's Family Code allows men to have a unilateral divorce without explanation but requires women to apply to courts for a divorce on specified grounds" (para 17).
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Jordan's personal status code remains discriminatory, despite a 2010 amendment that widened women's access to divorce" (para 17).
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Family Code discriminates against women with regard to...procedures to obtain divorce" (para 20).
Aug. 2, 2020, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Some provisions of Federal Law No. 28 of 2005 regulating personal status matters discriminate against women…men can unilaterally divorce their wives, whereas a woman must apply for a court order to obtain a divorce" (para 17).
July 10, 2020, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"But there are restrictions. Women...need the permission of a male relative to..ask for a divorce" (para 13).
May 29, 2020, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"If you divorce, you have gone through the trouble of leaving your spouse and getting a divorce. You are not a good woman for doing that. They have an expression here in Afghanistan: You go to your husband's house with a white dress and you leave it with a white dress, referring to the white sheet they wrap around a dead body before they bury them. It's something that is said pretty often" (para 10).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Women were also systematically denied adequate spousal support during and after marriage—with religious courts often unfairly denying or reducing payments, including if a judge found a woman to be 'recalcitrant' by leaving the marital home and refusing to cohabit with her husband or filing for severance" (10). "Lebanon’s host of religiously based personal status laws and court decisions that fail to guarantee equality in marriage and divorce fall foul of these obligations by permitting discrimination against women, and violating their human rights, including to nondiscrimination, physical integrity and health" (11). "Across all confessions, Human Rights Watch found that personal status laws and religious courts give women lesser rights than men...more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"While Law No. 59/2008 on the prevention and punishment of gender-based violence provides for equal distribution of commonly owned property in non-formal unions, such co-ownership is difficult to prove for women in non-formal unions in the absence of property certificates" (14).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"A husband may divorce a wife without justifying the action in court. In the formal legal system, a woman must provide justification" (30).
Dec. 8, 2019, 5:21 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"India's parliament has approved a bill that makes the Muslim practice of "instant divorce" a criminal offence ... Campaigners and political parties are sharply divided over the bill. Those against it, including some Muslim women, point out that it's unusual to criminalise divorce. The Congress party and others have pointed out the practice was already outlawed by the country's top court. Others have said the state has no place in regulating the marital home. But those in favour of the bill say triple talaq is deeply discriminatory towards women" (para. 1, 16-18).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In marriage and divorce cases, a woman’s testimony must be judged credible to be admissible. Usually the woman accomplishes credibility by conveying her testimony through an adult male relative or representative. The law assumes a man’s testimony is credible unless proven otherwise." (44).
Sept. 17, 2019, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Eager to preserve the stability of the family unit, the party has also done little to help women following a recent court ruling that weakened their claim to property in divorce proceedings. And with divorce numbers on the rise, millions of Chinese women have been cut out of the nation’s real-estate boom, experts say." (para 15).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In divorce proceedings, women must demonstrate legally specified grounds for divorce, but men can divorce without giving cause. In doing so, men must pay immediately an amount of money agreed at the time of the marriage that serves as a one-time alimony payment" (43).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The law generally permits women to initiate divorce proceedings against their spouses" (Pg 46).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-1

"Divorce is available to both men and women. Many divorcees received no alimony, since there was no system to enforce such payments. The law requires a divorced woman to wait 40 days before remarrying; a man may remarry immediately" (Pg 28).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In the context of the increasing number of divorces, single-parent households, a majority of which are headed by women, and de facto unions, the Committee notes with concern: (c) That the State party’s current law on property distribution upon divorce does not adequately address gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from traditional work and family life patterns. Those often lead to men having enhanced human capital and earning potential, while women may experience the opposite, so that spouses currently do not equitably share in the economic consequences of the marriage and its dissolution. Likewise, neither existing legislation nor case law addresses the distribution of future earning potential so as to...more