The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-2

Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Jihan said that in August, after many more beatings, she asked her husband for a divorce. He replied, 'You want a divorce? You can have it this way.' Then he punched her in the eye and attempted to slash her face with a knife. She raised her arm in defense, and he slashed her arm instead"(5)."Jihan was staying at a shelter run by a nongovernmental organization at the time of the interview [she is a victim of domestic violence and marital rape], and felt she had nowhere else to turn. She said she wanted a divorce, but her father refused to hand over her marriage certificate for the divorce application. ...more
Nov. 3, 2017, 8:07 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Six months after the wedding, her new husband summarily divorced her, claiming that she had not been a virgin when they married" (para 1). "'At first my husband said he trusted me because we had grown up together, but six months after we married he wanted to take another wife. When I told my father that my husband was arranging another marriage, the arguments began. Then my husband told everyone that I wasn’t a virgin when we got married'" (para 3). Aisha's husband divorced her on accusations that she wasn't a virgin when they got married (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "In the absence of blood [on the wedding night], the ...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ATDW-LAW-3, ATDW-DATA-1

"Infertility or childlessness in Afghan society is considered a taboo and almost always women are blamed for it. In fact, often people only take the woman to the doctor when problems with infertility arise. Sometimes, men marry a second or third wife to get children, without checking their own health, because it is assumed that the problem must be with the woman"(para 6)."In Afghanistan, when a man has reproductive system issues, the family will do anything to sweep the story under the rug. But, when a woman can’t conceive, the story is discussed everywhere, in her presence and absence. Moreover, the husband gets all the sympathy from the family members ...more
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-DATA-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1

"Many rural women also experience domestic violence, but divorce is not an option because their families are unable to support them if they leave their husbands"(para 3)
Sept. 22, 2017, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"'The woman can also negotiate in the nikahnama and include provisions therein consistent with Islamic law to contractually stipulate that her husband does not resort to triple talaq, she has right to pronounce triple talaq in all forms, and ask for very high 'mehr' amount in case of talaq and impose such other conditions as are available to her in order to protect her dignity,' the Muslim law board said" (3). "Interestingly, last September, AIMPLB had filed an affidavit in SC in response to petitions by Shayara Bano and others challenging triple talaq and said, 'Sharia grants right to divorce to husbands because men have greater power of decision-making'" (4).more
Sept. 22, 2017, 7:08 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Farha's husband divorced her in October 2016, during a festival, when he became angry that their daughter had asked him for five rupees to purchase some fireworks" (para 17). Farha was the victim of an Islamic practice called triple talaq that allows a man to divorce his wife simply by saying the Arabic word for divorce, talaq, three times (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "In 1985, a woman named Shah Bano fought a case in the Supreme Court against her husband after he left her without providing her money to live on her own. Her husband was a well-established lawyer. She was already in her seventies at the time and was ...more
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The bitter divorce is being fought under millennia-old Jewish law. According to the law, a woman needs the approval of her husband to dissolve a marriage...The chief rabbinate court in Tel Aviv, pictured, has banned a US businessman from leaving Israel because his son is refusing to grant a divorce to his partially disabled wife"(para 3).In Israel, where all marriages are subject to religious law, this norm has left thousands of women in legal limbo due to husbands who refuse to grant divorces. In recent decades, the rabbinical courts have gained the authority to impose various sanctions against recalcitrant husbands"(para 4-5)."But legal experts say that never before have they punished ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, CUST-LAW-1

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office"(para 17)
Sept. 1, 2017, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

“A woman who wants to divorce her husband meanwhile faces a legal and social minefield, while the procedure is relatively easy for men. ‘Since 2004 in Morocco, a man is not supposed to repudiate and divorce his wife and take another spouse without her unforced permission. But the reality is most women don’t know they have these rights or can’t exercise them,’ says Zioual” (para 21).
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Majeda is only 13 and was forced to marry last year. She can’t talk openly in front of her husband. But after a great deal of persuasion, he gives us permission to go for a drive" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 8:00 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "When I was giving birth, the doctors wanted to do a C-section, but my husband said ‘no’" (1). This is a quote from a 13 year old child bride (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

1994 Decree-Law 154: Divorce attorney. (WROLUCFW: P2)
Aug. 5, 2017, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Few women try to escape a violent home because they are economically dependant on their husbands. And while according to Iranian law men can divorce at will, for women it often requires a long legal battle" (para 15)
June 19, 2017, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"In one study of and by Sudanese women, the researchers concluded: Women do not like polygamy but cannot do anything about it. Divorce is the de facto right of men in the Sudan, whatever the behaviour of the husband. Only one of the respondents tried to gain a divorce from her husband and she could not make the legal system work in her favour and so gave up. Men can and do divorce women when they want too, although this was comparatively rare among our interviewees. The fact that men can take another wife or divorce their existing wife is a source of insecurity and anxiety for women and helps ...more
June 16, 2017, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-2

"The only chance a wife has to stay in Switzerland should her husband or ex husband get expelled because of bigamy, is if her kids were born and raised here and relatively old (adolescence) and her financial situation is absolutely spot on. If the kids are young the authorities just say that they are young enough to adjust to life in their own country...Sometimes, if the wife is too quick in getting a job and supporting the family and becoming financially independent, the Swiss authorities rule that she is resourceful and smart enough to make it happen back home, too" (para 10)
June 15, 2017, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Egyptian law currently grants a Muslim husband the right to divorce his wife in her absence and without her knowledge. He may initiate and conclude all the divorce procedures himself, only letting her know at the final stage" (para 2).
June 8, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"...the Supreme Court of India is poised to rule on complaints filed by five Muslim women who argue that being divorced in this way violates their fundamental right to equality under the Indian Constitution. Three Muslim women’s organizations have filed petitions in support of the divorced women...The All India Muslim Personal Law Board, which presents itself as the protector of Muslim rights, has argued that instant divorce is part of the practice of Islam and thus protected by the Constitution. ‘Triple talaq is going on since 1,400 years, how can you say it is unconstitutional?’ said Kapil Sibal, the lawyer representing the Muslim law board, who is a Harvard Law ...more
June 8, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In person, over the phone, in a letter or even on WhatsApp, Muslim men who repeat talaq — the Arabic word for divorce — three times can instantly end their marriages, according to some interpretations of Islamic law. The word is used by Indian Muslims even if they do not speak Arabic. With such divorces, which are available only to men, husbands can oust their wives from their homes, C310usually without any alimony or other financial support, leaving the women with few resources or prospects" (p 4-5)
May 17, 2017, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The issue of Yemen's child brides got widespread attention three years ago when an eight-year-old girl boldly went by herself to a courtroom and demanded a judge dissolve her marriage to a man in his 30s. She eventually won a divorce, and legislators began looking at ways to curb the practice" (para 17-18).
May 11, 2017, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

“Women experienced discrimination in ... divorce” (30).
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"Both men and women have the right to initiate divorce proceedings, but women faced significant difficulties, including a lack of financial resources to obtain legal counsel, which prevented some of them from pursuing such proceedings" (22).
April 19, 2017, 11:53 a.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"It is, however, reported that the rights of Muslim women with respect to divorce are infringed by Islamic personal laws. Women are required to attend the Muslim Family Council to ask for a divorce, whereas men can divorce their wives by ‘talaaq’ or repudiation. If the husband does not attend the panel with the Muslim Family Council or if the panel does not consider the woman’s justifications to be valid, the woman is unable to divorce her husband" (para 11).
April 18, 2017, 12:30 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Modern reforms have technically ended discrimination in divorce and child custody cases. However, few rural women are able to take advantage of their rights, and customary laws continue to favor males" (792).
April 13, 2017, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Although domestic violence is often the reason for a woman to seek divorce, it is not often brought up in divorce proceedings. Instead, the ground of 'disharmony' will be given, with medical records submitted as evidence, demon-strating the wife’s injuries, their extent, and their frequency. Usually, no specific allegation against the husband is made. Judges, accustomed to this, read between the lines. That is not to say that they necessarily grant the divorce. In at least one case, a woman had to make a second attempt to divorce her husband; the first application was refused, but her attempt angered her husband so much that he fractured her skull. In the ...more
March 28, 2017, 1:47 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The harsh realities of life for rural Guineans and the concentrated effort to keep women subservi-ent traditionally meant that divorces were virtu-ally unattainable. Desperate women simply ran away, leaving their children behind because they had no right to take them away" (526).
March 23, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The European Commission report notes that, in cases of divorce, it is the custom in many Roma communities for the father to decide on the custody of the children (Nov. 2008, 123). As a result, many Roma women choose to stay with their husbands, 'even in very difficult marriages or in cases of domestic violence' (European Commission Nov. 2008, 123)"(para 13)."Within Hungary's family law system in general, the NANE representative explained that victims of domestic violence are likely to facelaws and practice creating obstacles to divorce, laws and practice that do not consider DV [domestic violence] while granting visitation rights or even custody to abusive fathers, a statute of limitations ...more
March 16, 2017, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"In France, divorce can be quite easy and quick. Even though it cannot be as quick as separation for cohabiting couples, there is nonetheless evidence that marriage is no longer a strong binding relationship in France"(209)
March 7, 2017, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Articles 49 and 50 of the Family Code establish that either spouse can initiate divorce. According to the 2011 official report to the CEDAW Committee, mothers most often gain custody of children following a divorce, especially if the children are young and / or female. This is the case in situations where the couple has reached a mutual agreement amicably, and where the court has intervened and awarded legal custody. 14 However, in its Concluding Observations, the CEDAW Committee raised concerns that the state routinely fails to enforce child maintenances orders, and that divorced and separated women have no access to effective remedies enabling them to claim maintenance from former ...more
Feb. 1, 2017, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The village had its own plan for these young women. Upon reaching adulthood, they would be transferred to the guardianship of another family, along with a huge dowry that serves as an incentive to treat them well. The transfer is final." (para 21). This indicates that it would likely be difficult for women to obtain a divorce (KH- CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

“Women may seek divorce without the consent of their husbands in limited circumstances such as abandonment, spousal abuse, or in return for waiving financial rights. The law allows retention of financial rights under specific circumstances, such as spousal abuse. Special courts for each Christian denomination adjudicate marriage and divorce” (32).
Dec. 27, 2016, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In Israel, marriages and divorces sit under rabbinical law, which states that divorces can only take place if requested by the husband" (16).