The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-2

Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"On May 5, the Stop Women Murders Now Platform, a domestic NGO, reported that 27 percent of killings of women involved wives seeking a divorce" (page 56).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Gender bias at the village level influences matrimonial matters as well; a man is always granted his request for a divorce while a woman may be denied or have to pay for one" (page 28). "Kuki: By Kuki customary law, when a woman and a man get divorced, women do not have the right to any inheritance. In the case of divorce, women are not allowed to sit in the meeting to resolve the case, and are not entitled to custody of their children or any compensation. Source: Kuki Women’s Human Rights Organisation (KWHRO)" (page 84).
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes that men apply for divorce more often than women and regrets the lack of information about the underlying causes that could help to understand the imbalance" (13).
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Men have a unilateral right to divorce, while women must apply to the courts for divorce on specific grounds" (para 42). "Ikhlas Sufan, a director of a shelter in Nablus, told Human Rights Watch that 'divorce cases can go on for two to three years because the husband can claim he wants to reconcile when he doesn’t really.' This relates to cases in which a woman may seek a divorce on the basis of 'dispute and discord' under article 132 of the Personal Status Law in the West Bank or 'harm' under article 97 of the Family Rights Law in Gaza provided the spouses undergo a mandatory mediation process. In...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, DTCP-LAW-1

"Rights lawyer Azza Soliman told Al-Monitor: 'Under khul, a woman is required to give up her legal financial rights and return the dowry she received from her spouse. So while khul appears in theory to offer women a solution to their marital woes, in practice, the procedure is time-consuming and at times humiliating for the woman, who has to represent herself in court and is often prodded by the judge to reveal the reasons for seeking the divorce'" (para. 13).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Nargez was 14 years old when her father arranged her marriage to a 55-year-old stranger who had offered a large amount of money. After years of sexual and physical abuse, she fled with her brother’s help and sought safety in his home. But when she tried to file for divorce, her husband pressed charges against her for running away and against her brother for helping her. They were both sentenced to seven years in jail" (para 2). "Lack of access to civil documentation such as tazkera (national IDs) and marriage certificates is a major, but hidden, reason for difficulties in gaining access to justice. Without tazkera and a marriage certificate,...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Married couples canot end marriage by agreement between themselves. To conclude a legally binding marriage conditions set by the law must be observed and these conditions are applicable to all types of marriage equally. These conditions relate to biological (age, sex, state of health), sociological (bigamy, relatives by consanguinity and affinity, relatives by adoption) and psychological (consent) factors... These serious conditions are age, mental capacity, bigamy, family relationship and consent" (4-5).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Personal Status Law, article 94, states that the two spouses may agree to end their marriage through a Khula, i.e., divorce at the instance of the wife, who must pay compensation. If Khula is offered in order to relinquish custody of the children or any other right, the Khula stipulation is revoked and the Khula becomes a divorce as stated in article 96 of the aforesaid law" (Pg 40).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Under Islamic practice, husbands may divorce their wives more easily than wives may divorce their husbands" (19).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"[There is] Discrimination against women married under Islamic law, including the right of men to divorce their wives unilaterally, and reports of abusive behaviour, including the withholding of divorce certificates and forced concessions in return for the divorce certificate" (14)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, CUST-LAW-1

"Traditional legal practices in the North Caucasus award the husband custody of children and all property in divorce cases. As a result women in the region were often unwilling to seek divorce, even in cases of abuse," (55).
May 1, 2018, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"While a Muslim man can divorce his wife by saying 'I divorce you' in Arabic three times, women have a much harder time in Australia getting permission to be allowed a separation" (para 5).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the limited grounds available to women to seek divorce while men may unilaterally ask for divorce for any reason" (pg 11).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the State party’s legislation establishes different post-divorce conditions for men and women, under which men are allowed to remarry 180 days after the divorce, while women can do so only after 300 days, except under certain conditions that are not equally applicable to men, on the basis of the so-called “presumption of paternity” principle; . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Revise its legislation to provide for equal treatment of men and women with regard to conditions following divorce and eliminate time limits for remarriage" (page 11).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to regulate some aspects of traditional marriages, including their registration and the equitable distribution of property upon dissolution. It remains concerned, however, that . . . owing to customary and traditional attitudes, women are considered inferior to men and do not benefit from the right to equal treatment in marriage and family matters, including divorce, inheritance and custody, and that cases of polygamy persist. . . . The Committee recalls its general recommendations No. 21 (1994) on equality in marriage and family relations and No. 29 (2013) on article 16 of the Convention (economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the Legal Aid Act (No. 29 of 1990), as amended by Act No. 17 of 2000, provides for a legal aid scheme in the State party. The Committee is concerned, however, that, notwithstanding the existence of a legal aid scheme, which is based on a means and merit test, women’s access to justice, in particular in civil cases, including divorce, and in cases of gender-based violence, continues to be limited owing in part to reported cuts to the legal aid fund. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that adequate funding is provided to the legal aid fund and that women, in particular women pursuing...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"The Committee remains concerned about…the limited grounds available to women to seek divorce when men may unilaterally ask for divorce for any reason" (17).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The establishment of patriarchy is most clearly expressed in the ultimate power of the man not to release his wife from the bonds of marriage…Divorce is not a judicial act and may be achieved only in accordance with the husband's wish" (15). "a Jewish divorce occurs only when a man issues a bill of divorce to his wife (a get). Generally speaking, a woman cannot demand a get nor can she claim her marriage is dead. The get is an exclusive right of the husband. The asymmetry and inequality are clear: A Jewish woman cannot divorce her husband. If the wife refuses her consent, the husband may be able to...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"To escape an abusive marriage, wida Saghari struggled for five years to finalize a divorce" (para 1). This imples that it is very difficult for a woman to get a divorce (EJ-Coder Comment).
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

At 5:59 of the video Razia [age 14] says "Here I can meet friends, go around with them, chat with them. I don’t want to marry now.Yes, some of my friends got married, and got divorced. Like Brishti" (ENB-Coder Comment).At 10:16 the video says "One week after the wedding they started demanding dowry. The money that was agreed was demanded, along with a gold ring and furniture. My father-in-law demanded the 35,000 taka ($450) and the other things, or the marriage wouldn’t last. If I could have gone to their house with dowry my in-laws would have loved me. But I couldn’t. That’s why they thought badly of me...After a...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Another concern is that divorce cases should be held in secrecy to protect the privacy of the family. Yet, several women’s associations believe this is a method to keep independent observers away from the courts, and therefore leaving women more vulnerable. The report advises to reduce the years of separation required to seek divorce from three to one, which is interesting because mostly in Turkey it is men who have the means to leave the household. So now while claiming to minimize divorce rates, this indeed would make divorce easier. Post-divorce, the recommendations suggest limiting the time period for alimony. Yet, it does not provide evidence on what percentage of...more
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Jihan said that in August, after many more beatings, she asked her husband for a divorce. He replied, 'You want a divorce? You can have it this way.' Then he punched her in the eye and attempted to slash her face with a knife. She raised her arm in defense, and he slashed her arm instead"(5)."Jihan was staying at a shelter run by a nongovernmental organization at the time of the interview [she is a victim of domestic violence and marital rape], and felt she had nowhere else to turn. She said she wanted a divorce, but her father refused to hand over her marriage certificate for the divorce application....more
Nov. 3, 2017, 8:07 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Six months after the wedding, her new husband summarily divorced her, claiming that she had not been a virgin when they married" (para 1). "'At first my husband said he trusted me because we had grown up together, but six months after we married he wanted to take another wife. When I told my father that my husband was arranging another marriage, the arguments began. Then my husband told everyone that I wasn’t a virgin when we got married'" (para 3). Aisha's husband divorced her on accusations that she wasn't a virgin when they got married (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "In the absence of blood [on the wedding night], the...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ATDW-LAW-3, ATDW-DATA-1

"Infertility or childlessness in Afghan society is considered a taboo and almost always women are blamed for it. In fact, often people only take the woman to the doctor when problems with infertility arise. Sometimes, men marry a second or third wife to get children, without checking their own health, because it is assumed that the problem must be with the woman"(para 6)."In Afghanistan, when a man has reproductive system issues, the family will do anything to sweep the story under the rug. But, when a woman can’t conceive, the story is discussed everywhere, in her presence and absence. Moreover, the husband gets all the sympathy from the family members...more
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-DATA-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1

"Many rural women also experience domestic violence, but divorce is not an option because their families are unable to support them if they leave their husbands"(para 3)
Sept. 22, 2017, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"'The woman can also negotiate in the nikahnama and include provisions therein consistent with Islamic law to contractually stipulate that her husband does not resort to triple talaq, she has right to pronounce triple talaq in all forms, and ask for very high 'mehr' amount in case of talaq and impose such other conditions as are available to her in order to protect her dignity,' the Muslim law board said" (3). "Interestingly, last September, AIMPLB had filed an affidavit in SC in response to petitions by Shayara Bano and others challenging triple talaq and said, 'Sharia grants right to divorce to husbands because men have greater power of decision-making'" (4).more
Sept. 22, 2017, 7:08 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Farha's husband divorced her in October 2016, during a festival, when he became angry that their daughter had asked him for five rupees to purchase some fireworks" (para 17). Farha was the victim of an Islamic practice called triple talaq that allows a man to divorce his wife simply by saying the Arabic word for divorce, talaq, three times (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "In 1985, a woman named Shah Bano fought a case in the Supreme Court against her husband after he left her without providing her money to live on her own. Her husband was a well-established lawyer. She was already in her seventies at the time and was...more
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The bitter divorce is being fought under millennia-old Jewish law. According to the law, a woman needs the approval of her husband to dissolve a marriage...The chief rabbinate court in Tel Aviv, pictured, has banned a US businessman from leaving Israel because his son is refusing to grant a divorce to his partially disabled wife"(para 3).In Israel, where all marriages are subject to religious law, this norm has left thousands of women in legal limbo due to husbands who refuse to grant divorces. In recent decades, the rabbinical courts have gained the authority to impose various sanctions against recalcitrant husbands"(para 4-5)."But legal experts say that never before have they punished...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, CUST-LAW-1

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office"(para 17)
Sept. 1, 2017, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

“A woman who wants to divorce her husband meanwhile faces a legal and social minefield, while the procedure is relatively easy for men. ‘Since 2004 in Morocco, a man is not supposed to repudiate and divorce his wife and take another spouse without her unforced permission. But the reality is most women don’t know they have these rights or can’t exercise them,’ says Zioual” (para 21).