The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Certain studies conducted on gender equality confirm the persistence of gender stereotypes in the Moldovan society, despite the drastic transformations of the family, gender roles, particularly in the context of economic migration. We note the development of new realities in terms of the status of both genders: a symbiosis of economic empowerment of women and maintaining of the traditional status of the man as the "head of family", with resulting diminution of women's economic contribution to the family budget and to society development" (Pg 11). "All questions in family life are settled by the spouses jointly, in accordance with the principle of equality in their family relationships. Each spouse has ...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"It remains concerned, however, that the State party retains discriminatory stereotypes, focusing primarily on the roles of women as mothers and housewives. The Committee is also concerned about discriminatory provisions in the State party’s legislation that underscore the subordination of women to their husbands" (6). The Committee remains concerned about...the obligation imposed on a woman to obey her husband, including sexually" (17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Under Muslim personal status laws, a husband must provide his wife with upkeep regardless of how burdensome that is for him. She is not required to support even just herself with her own money. Required marital upkeep includes food, clothing and shelter, as well as adequate medical care, servants (if he provides his other wives with servants), and burial arrangements upon her death. A father must also support his children if they do not have enough money of their own. A male child must be supported until he is old enough to work, unless they he is a student. A female child must be supported until she is able to ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"The purpose of the Government’s gender equality policy is to counter and change systems that conserve the distribution of power and resources between the sexes. The objective of gender equality policy is for women and men to have the same power to shape society and their own lives. On this basis the Government works towards 4 subsidiary objectives: 1) An equal distribution of power and influence. Women and men are to have the same right and opportunities to be active citizens and to shape the conditions for decision-making. . . . 3) An equal distribution of unpaid care and household work. Women and men are to take the same responsibility ...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about the persistence of stereotypes that discriminate against women in the State party, as reflected by exclusive decision-making by men in both the public and private spheres and women’s relegation to a reproductive role," (5).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"insufficient measures to promote the concept of shared family responsibilities and to combat the difficulties that women face in combining work and family responsibilities" (Pg 13).
Jan. 12, 2018, 7:30 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"In their conversations with women involved in the programme, WFP staff heard how the programme has supported women's empowerment in a variety of ways. Training women to be peer advisors, and encouraging community authorities to recognize the work they do, has fostered women's leadership and enabled them to participate in community decision-making processes. The mother-to-mother support approach has opened up social spaces for women to connect outside the home, and built their capacity to reflect, analyse and find solutions to day-to-day problems related to their roles as carers. However, they also found that women are constrained in their ability to apply new knowledge by their subordinate position within the household. ...more
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"About half of currently married women (51%) with cash earnings decide independently on how their earnings will be used, while 41% decide jointly with their husband" (241). Participation in household decision making is an important aspect of women’s ability to have control over their own lives. Eighty-eight percent of currently married women participate in decisions about visits to their family or relatives, including 37% who make these decisions mainly alone; 83% participate in decisions regarding their own health care, including 40% who make these decisions mainly alone; and 74% participate in decisions about major household purchases, including 19% who make these decisions mainly alone. "Overall, 65% of currently married women ...more
Dec. 28, 2017, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Now 21, there is nothing she will be able to do to stop her husband selling their daughter for cows when the time comes. “It is my husband’s choice,” she says. 'In my husband’s house everything is by force – there is no request. If I refuse there will be a problem. My husband will beat me'" (para 18).
Dec. 20, 2017, 8:15 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Narantsetseg* explained that her needs as a woman fall low on the priority list. Her family spends what little they have on items like food and fuel, so she must ration sanitary napkins" (10).
Dec. 20, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Men, Ms. Folad said, 'are used to the old lifestyle, so now they cannot tolerate that women can stand against them'…if women 'stand and ask their rights,' she added, 'men think it is shamelessness and think that they do not have authority on women, and there the problem starts'" (para 13-14).
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5, DLB-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

At 13:37 of the video a woman interviewed says "For six months of rain and storms, our husbands can’t work, so we sit idle and live in misery" (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 7, 2017, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"The hit [from an oil spill caused by militant groups] to the country’s economy is significant, as more than than two-thirds of state budget comes from crude exports. But what do these numbers not show? How this disaster has shrunk the time that many women had to do paid work by increasing their unpaid work load. The labor that keeps the women in the Niger Delta busy tends to be care work—looking after children, the elderly, the ill—as well as cooking and cleaning. This is work that technically has a market value, but is done for free inside the home, and therefore traditional productivity measures like GDP don’t capture it. ...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 1:12 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DLB-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"Relying on this provision, the CEDAW Committee has urged Singapore to combat the 'persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men within the family and society at large,' and expressed its concern that, 'despite the legal equality accorded to spouses, discriminatory traditional cultural attitudes that continue to utilize “the head of the household” concept, assigning this role to men, persist' within that state"(78)
Dec. 5, 2017, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: DLB-DATA-1, LO-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

"Time reallocations resulting from Nepal’s joining the Vegetable and Fruit Cash Crop Programme (VFC) were investigated in 1991–1993. The VFC aimed to encourage commercialization of fruits and vegetables by quality and productivity improvements, for the benefit of families who had hitherto produced fruits and vegetable for their own consumption. Using various methodologies to observe 264 households, researchers found that VFC participation increased the time dedicated by women (and even moderately by men) to children under 5 years of age in families with more than one preschooler. In contrast, in households with only one preschooler, parents tended to spend more time on cultivation, especially for the cash crops, at the expense ...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"From the gender perspective, the impacts of CCT [cash transfer] programs are ambiguous. The conditionalities may significantly improve the educational attainments of girls. Since the benefits are generally provided to women as care givers (following the examples of Mexico and Brazil), this strengthens their role within the family. In Brazil, 94% of the recipients of the Bolsa Familia transfers are women (Holmes and Jones 2010, p. 15))"(53)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"In a context such as rural Bangladesh, where strong sociocultural norms dictate that men control household assets, the practice of men controlling the use of loans obtained by women will likely remain common until men learn to accept the possibility of gain from a more equitable sharing of power over resources.The same sociocultural obstacles explain why women benefiting from microcredit in rural Bangladesh seldom use loans to run their own businesses. Instead of becoming entrepreneurs themselves, women often use loans to support existing businesses, usually managed by male household members, or to support their husbands in launching micro-enterprises (Chowdhury 2008 and 2009). A study in Faridpur, Bangladesh found that only ...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Even when most contracted work is performed by the wife and other family members, it is not unusual for the contract to be signed by the husband, as head of household. This is seen in sugar contract farming in South Africa, vegetable contract farming in the Indian Punjab, and in some cases in the PRC (FAO, IFAD, and WFP 2011, p. 13; Behrman et al. 2011, p. 11; Kumar 2006; Meinzen-Dick 2011b)"(37)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Training in Papua New Guinea by the United States Agency for International Development could not be attended by most women because of the required travel and 3 days away from family responsibilities (Cahn 2008)"(30)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Even when most contracted work is performed by the wife and other family members, it is not unusual for the contract to be signed by the husband, as head of household. This is seen in sugar contract farming in South Africa"(37)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia, Nepal, Philippines
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"An oft-cited example is the work by the international NGO Helen Keller International, launched initially in Bangladesh in the 1980s, and expanded later to Cambodia, Nepal, and the Philippines (Ianotti, Cunningham, and Ruel 2009; Meinzen-Dick et al. 2011b). Working together with local partners, Helen Keller International supports women’s production of nutritious food on family plots, with significant reductions in micronutrient deficiencies (vitamin A, iron, and zinc) in the households concerned. In addition to increasing dietary diversity, such strategies may allow women to build economic assets (with the raising of poultry, for example), and improve their role in decision making within the family while fulfilling their domestic and child-care responsibilities"(71-72)more
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Other members of the household (especially girls and the elderly) may be recruited to undertake a greater part of the housework as women benefiting from a microcredit program spend more time on their businesses. This is illustrated by a survey of 121 women benefiting from the Small Farmers Development Program (SFDP)—launched by the Government of Indonesia in the early 1990s—when their answers were compared to those of a control group of 94 women. The responses showed that the program, which targeted not only women in poor agricultural families but also those active in fishing, home industry, and trading, allowed women beneficiaries to command more contributions from other members of the ...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, DLB-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-DATA-1, NGOFW-DATA-3

"From the gender perspective, the impacts of CCT [cash transfer] programs are ambiguous. The conditionalities may significantly improve the educational attainments of girls. Since the benefits are generally provided to women as care givers (following the examples of Mexico and Brazil), this strengthens their role within the family"(53)
Dec. 2, 2017, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"The main issue when it comes to empowerment is that there are still rules which discriminate against women and make them... incapable of taking important life decision" (para 13).
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Another major concern is that conditionalities may be designed in ways that do not sufficiently take into account the time constraints women face...The National Income Support Programme in Pakistan, discussed earlier, delivers its money orders to female recipients through the post office, rather than obliging women to collect the money from a central disbursement point (Holmes and Jones 2010, p. 17)"(53)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"A 2010 survey by the World Bank and IFPRI and by an earlier study of 304 rural households in the Philippines found that women generally join women self-help groups or women’s groups, whereas men tend to socialize in cooperatives or other producers’ organizations. Godquin and Quisumbing summarized their main conclusions Males are more likely to be members of production groups, while females are more likely to participate in civic groups. This may indicate a division of labour within the household or separate spheres of decision making. Men, who are more heavily involved in agricultural production, are indeed more involved in groups related to income generation whereas women, who tend to ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DLB-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Some 85% of the cost of the project went to salaries for the women, with each woman paid on average $686 for 110 workdays. The program enabled many participating women to move their families above the poverty line for the first time. The flexible nature of the output-based payment system enabled women to reconcile participation with other household and farm responsibilities, including income-generating activities (e.g., pig raising and selling vegetables)"(58)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:01 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"In a context such as rural Bangladesh, where strong sociocultural norms dictate that men control household assets, the practice of men controlling the use of loans obtained by women will likely remain common until men learn to accept the possibility of gain from a more equitable sharing of power over resources.The same sociocultural obstacles explain why women benefiting from microcredit in rural Bangladesh seldom use loans to run their own businesses. Instead of becoming entrepreneurs themselves, women often use loans to support existing businesses, usually managed by male household members, or to support their husbands in launching micro-enterprises (Chowdhury 2008 and 2009). A study in Faridpur, Bangladesh found that only ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:01 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Even when most contracted work is performed by the wife and other family members, it is not unusual for the contract to be signed by the husband, as head of household. This is seen in sugar contract farming in South Africa, vegetable contract farming in the Indian Punjab, and in some cases in the PRC (FAO, IFAD, and WFP 2011, p. 13; Behrman et al. 2011, p. 11; Kumar 2006; Meinzen-Dick 2011b)"(37)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:01 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Training in Papua New Guinea by the United States Agency for International Development could not be attended by most women because of the required travel and 3 days away from family responsibilities (Cahn 2008)"(30)