The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Sept. 15, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, MABFC-DATA-1

"The team captain, Forozan Tajali, 22, took over the training session. She said security concerns, family pressure and public harassment were not the only difficulties the soccer players faced. The national team has lost more members to marriage than anything else, she said, because Afghan women are considered too old to wed after their early 20s, and their husbands typically refuse to allow them to play"(para 29)
Sept. 1, 2017, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“Most Moroccan women are illiterate, and don’t have financial resources. They depend on their husband so they tend to obey this culture that tells them not to ask for anything, whether it is schools, hospitals or roads. They are told if they are you are calm and placid they will go to paradise" (para 26).
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“In Cairo, this same sense of exclusion from their own families was similarly felt. Girls here sometimes reported their inability to confide in family members when facing problems, in particular sexual harassment. Their reasons were fear of people blaming them, fear of being prevented from leaving home, fear of fights, and fear of damaging their family’s reputation. Sometimes, though, they were often afraid not of their families, but for their families – they were afraid their fathers and brothers would try to fight the harasser and end up getting hurt” (28). “In all of the cities, girls said that they did not feel included in decision-making processes at home or ...more
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"In Delhi, ‘girls shared that inclusion within the school, community, and governing systems are a distant reality for them when they don’t feel included within their own families. The majority of them felt that their brothers were prioritised before them’" (28). “In all of the cities, girls said that they did not feel included in decision-making processes at home or in the community at large” (28). “In Delhi, it was found that girls differed from adult women in their responses about restrictions experienced both within the home and outside as well as how these impacted their mobility. Specifically, some girls spoke about discrimination within the home, as boys were given ...more
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:31 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“In all of the cities, girls said that they did not feel included in decision-making processes at home or in the community at large” (28). “Research shows that over 41% of girls in Lima never or seldom participate in decisions that affect them" (29).
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“In all of the cities, girls said that they did not feel included in decision-making processes at home or in the community at large” (28). “Girls in Kampala mentioned not having a voice in the decisions that affect them, citing examples of parents who decided to take them out of school. Young women who were married went on to explain that this attitude towards them continues in their marriage where they felt they had to obey the decisions taken by their husbands without question” (28). “In Kampala, adolescent girls in the district of Kasubi were not a part of any decision making process in their families or their communities. ‘They ...more
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“In all of the cities [including Hanoi], girls said that they did not feel included in decision-making processes at home or in the community at large” (28).
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"when he wants sex, I have to give it to him. I tell him I don’t like it, then he says, ‘if you stay in my house, you have to give it to me’. He grabs me all of a sudden when I am sleeping. Then, he attacks me" (1). This is a quote from a child bride at 9:54 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "This is the man Beezly is marrying. 25 year old Shyamal picked 13 year old Beezly because he says she’s easy to control. Shyamal tells me he was offered a lot more dowry money to marry other girls. But he wanted the youngest and most innocent ...more
Aug. 26, 2017, 11:31 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“To be a rural woman in Rwanda means you don’t easily know your land rights. It means you are dominated by your husband. It means you alone have the burden and struggle to feed your children. It also means that you face poverty because you don’t have your land rights” (1). Rose says this from 0:55-1:16 (MM - CODER COMMENT). “I used the land as I pleased, without the consent of my wife. Before I recognized my wife’s rights to land, I placed my daughters in the same low level as my wife, because for me, my sons had the right to land, and not my daughters” (1). Jean de ...more
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"In the Maasai community, as soon as a girl undergoes circumcision, she is considered a woman and, typically, no longer has to listen to her parents. She is now ready for marriage, no matter her age. As she is now a woman, she is also expected to leave school, which leads to fewer opportunities for girls and creates major barriers to gender equity"(para 9)."[Clare] Ntasikoi was among the first girls in the Maasai community to reject circumcision; she asked her father to allow her to finish school rather than undergo the cut and marry. At first, her father worried it would bring shame to his family"(para 18)
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"And the 2013 gender relations study also reported that only 3.7 per cent of Georgians, both male and female, fully disagreed with the statements, 'men have the last say in the family' and 'women should endure verbal abuse to maintain the integrity of the family'"(para 7)
July 19, 2017, 12:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"But traditional practices emphasising, among other things, girls' subordination to their husband, still contribute to child marriage" (para 10).
July 13, 2017, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

``Thus, the Court (Inter-American Court of Human Rights) recognized that the freedom and autonomy of women in sexual and reproductive health, generally, has historically been limited or annulled on the basis of negative and harmful gender stereotypes in which women have been socially and culturally viewed as having a predominantly reproductive function, and men viewed as decision-makers over women’s bodies. The Court recognized that non-consensual sterilization reflects this historically unequal relationship. The Court noted how the process of informed decision-making operated under the harmful stereotype that I.V., as a woman, was unable to make such decisions responsibly, leading to 'an unjustified paternalistic medical intervention' restricting her autonomy and freedom``(para 4).¨ ...more
June 16, 2017, 6:26 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

A graph on page 25 depicting responsibility for day-to-day money management decisions in the household indicates that for over 65% of Estonian households, both spouses are equally responsible for making money management decisions, while in approximately 15%, women are primarily responsible and in about 10% of households men are primarily responsible (TPJ – CODER COMMENT).
June 13, 2017, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

A graph on page 25 depicting responsibility for day-to-day money management decisions in the household indicates that for almost 30% of Czech households, women are primarily responsible for money management decisions while in about 20% of households men are primarily responsible, and in almost 50% of households, both spouses are equally responsible for making money management decisions (TPJ – CODER COMMENT).
June 12, 2017, 1:04 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"Nearly 10,000 people, aged between 18 and 59, were questioned with a majority of the men supporting a range of traditional and inequitable attitudes toward women, including a belief that they are not fit to be leaders, should not work outside the home, and that it is more important to educate boys than girls...In Egypt, more than 90% of men agreed with the statement that ‘a man should have the final word about decision in the home’. Although a majority – 58.5% – of women also agreed. More than half of the Egyptian men surveyed agreed that ‘there are times when a woman deserves to be beaten’, compared with less ...more
June 8, 2017, 2:15 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2014, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that a woman’s natural role is as a mother and argued that women are not equal to men. Earlier that year, one of Mr. Erdogan’s deputy prime ministers said that women should not laugh loudly in public" (p 22)
May 31, 2017, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“To a large extent, various matters relating to the production on the farm are governed by men. ... decisions on farms are largely made by men who support views on ‘traditional’ gender roles and whose partners work on the farm. In this case the shared decision-making among genders is a practice on farms where the farm owner (holder) is a woman” (677).
May 3, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“In practice, it has become common for wives to circumvent the reforms that protect their ownership rights by signing a power of attorney over to the husband, allowing him to administer marital property and marital finances without the wife’s involvement” (1264).
April 21, 2017, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“Within a marriage, men are generally the decision makers and they control the family’s finances” (482).
April 13, 2017, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Women and men can also both legally be recognised as the head of the household in Georgia, and women and men continue to have equal decision-making authority over children following divorce" (para 10).
March 31, 2017, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Women who are married according to customary law are considered to be legal minors, and have little or no rights with regard to parental authority and inheritance, as well as a highly limited capacity to contribute towards decision-making within the household[8]"(para 2)
March 24, 2017, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"The Russian Orthodox Church, with its emphasis on the traditional family, has also influenced the debate. As have the traditional rules of Russian family life, including the 'domostroi,' a centuries-old manual prescribing strict rules of behavior and requiring absolute submission to the head of the family" (para 8).
March 7, 2017, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Brazil’s Bolsa Familia antipoverty, direct cash transfer programme has successfully improved the decision-making authority of women in the household. This large programme, which assists 11 million households, distributes 94% of its payments directly to women. As a result, 48.8% of women surveyed by the government in 2008 said the programme increased their financial independence, while nearly 40% stated that their decision-making authority over the family’s finances had increased" (para 32)
Feb. 17, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Under the Malian Family Code, women are required to obey their husbands, who are considered head of the household. "This means women can lose the land they are farming on if their husband, brother or father decides to sell the family's farm," said Sakho" (para 12)
Jan. 30, 2017, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, SMPP-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"In Pakistan there is currently a wife-beating bill proposed by the Council of Islamic Ideology, stating that a man should be able to 'lightly beat' his wife as a form of discipline.The draft details that a husband should be entitled to 'lightly' beat his wife if she does one of the following: defies his commands, does not dress up as per her husband's desires, refuses intercourse or does not take a bath after intercourse/ menstrual periods" (para 10).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Similar patterns of decision making about migration were found among child and youth migrants from Cambodia and Myanmar. In these two countries, mothers made the final decision for the child or youth to migrate in approximately half of the cases, while fathers and children or youths themselves made the final decision between one fifth and one quarter of the time. In Vietnam, mothers and fathers were equally likely to make the final decision (approximately 40%) while children and youth made the final decision to migrate in about one fifth of instances. These statistics contrast with Laos, where nearly half of the child and youth migrants surveyed indicated that they themselves ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Mamata, married as child, had no idea what to expect. She was looking forward to the wedding and wearing her gold embroidered sari and the music of the event, but was completely unprepared for what lay in store. Her husband would beat her, drink, have sex when he liked. She did everything in the household and raised two sons. When he died, she was shunned by society. Her life was effectively over at the age of 17. Her father said that it is better to have a husband that beat her than a widow for a daughter. It is just the way it is there. You are born in your ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"Grandmothers have authority over child rearing and family life in Senegal and across West Africa, and even wield power over the men in their communities, development experts say" (para 12).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"It [results of a study by a Tajik research company] found that women faced persistent discrimination within their families, with many denied the right to make the most basic decisions about their own lives. The survey, which looked at 400 women in six regions of Tajikistan, showed that only 13 per cent of females had a say when it came to simple domestic issues like buying grocery items or choosing when to visit relatives. This 13 per cent of respondents were mostly aged over 40, as younger women were awarded almost no respect" (para 21-23).