The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AW-LAW-1

Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status. Nonetheless, the country hosted an estimated 1.5 million refugees" (20).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The government permitted UNHCR-recognized refugees to stay in the country temporarily pending identification of a durable outcome, including third-country resettlement or voluntary repatriation. The government generally did not grant asylum or accept refugees for resettlement from third countries" (32).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, AW-LAW-1

"While noting the position of the State party that, as a small, densely populated city State with limited land, it is not in a position to accept refugees, the Committee remains concerned about the lack of national asylum and refugee legislation and procedures, including for ensuring respect for the principle of non refoulement, and that refugees and asylum seekers remain in detention until a durable solution is identified" (11).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, AW-LAW-1

"The law allows victims of trafficking and witnesses who cooperate with pending court cases to work legally during and up to two years after the end of their trial involvement" (page 23).
June 8, 2019, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The law will come into effect in 18 months, during which time the state will form rehabilitation mechanisms for sex workers, to allow them to find alternative livelihoods." (para 4).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The country’s laws do not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government lacked a formal system of protecting refugees" (21).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The Austrian Asylum Act states that interviews of asylum seekers whose sexual self-determination has been violated must be conducted by a person of the same sex if the applicant does not prefer the opposite. Asylum seekers must be evidently informed about this option. The Act also states that applications by asylum seekers who are likely to be suffering from a pathological psychological stress disorder due to torture or other severe forms of psychological, physical or sexual violence must not be turned down immediately at the beginning of the asylum procedure. The special needs of these applicants must be taken into account over the course of the asylum procedure" (29-30).more
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The laws provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The country has not granted asylum since 2005" (p. 18).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law forbids the forced return of refugees, their families, or other persons who may be subjected to persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, and the government generally respected those rights for refugees. The government provides a prima facie mode of recognition for Ivoirian refugees, meaning Ivoirian refugees arriving in Liberia because of the 2011 postelectoral violence in Cote d’Ivoire do not have to appear before the asylum committee to gain refugee status; the status is granted automatically" (16). "Voluntary repatriation of Ivoirian refugees, which resumed in December 2015 following a 16-month suspension due to Ebola concerns, continued during the...more
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: AW-LAW-1

""The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees" (19).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law provides for granting asylum or refugee status" (12).
March 12, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for granting asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection for refugees. The government did not grant refugee status or asylum. The government had no known policy or provision for refugees or asylees and did not participate in international refugee fora" (16).
March 6, 2019, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees" (5).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status… The country has not established legislation or an institutional body for granting asylum or refugee status" (7).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees" (9).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The country’s laws do not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees" (31).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Access to Asylum: The law provides for the granting of asylum or refugee status to qualified applicants. While the government reportedly has a system for providing protection to refugees, UNHCR did not have information regarding how the country made asylum determinations" (para 114)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law permits any foreigner who is a victim of gender-based violence or of trafficking in persons in the country to file a complaint at a police station without fear of deportation, even if that individual is in the country illegally" (7). While this statement does not indicate that asylum is granted, it is important to note that foreign women have some kind of protection against gender-based violene within the law (AA-CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The Parliament of Montenegro adopted the new Law on Foreigners in 2014. Before adoption, the law was the subject of consultations with the representatives of the European Commission, which submitted positive opinion on its content. The Law was aligned with the Directive of the European Parliament and Council 2011/98/EU on single procedure on issuing single residence and working permit to citizens of the third countries. The Law among others stipulates that the temporary residence permit from humanitarian reasons can be issued to a: 1) Foreigner who is assumed to be a victim of a criminal act of trafficking in human beings or criminal act of violence in family or family...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Migrant women who have yet to secure residence and are or have been in abusive relationships may be granted a special Residence Visa for Victims of Domestic Violence. This aims to prevent women whose immigration status in New Zealand depends on their relationship with a partner from staying in such relationships for this reason. In 2014/15, 56 migrant women were granted these visas" (page 38). "The Plan of Action to Prevent People Trafficking is a whole-of-government response to people trafficking and outlines a comprehensive support structure for victims. It assists and encourages victims of trafficking to participate in any criminal proceedings involving their alleged traffickers. Suspected victims will be provided...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-PRACTICE-2, AW-LAW-1

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (c) Reports that victims of trafficking, including women engaging in prostitution, have been arrested, detained and deported for acts committed as a consequence of having been trafficked" (page 12).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Gender-related persecution, including that of lesbians and transgender people, is a relevant factor in asylum case decisions in Norwegian practice, as expressly provided for in section 29, second paragraph (f) of the Immigration Act, which states that persecution may take the form of 'acts of a gender-specific or child-specific nature'...Rape, forced sterilisation or abortion, genital mutilation, bride burning, and honour killing may constitute persecution, according to the guidelines" (24).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The LGV has the National Victims' Assistance System (SNAV) and operates with the Federal Executive Commission for Victim Assistance (CEAV) to guarantee the rights of victims to assistance, aid, due diligence, etc., with special attention to eliminating violence towards women, forced disappearance, homicides and femicides; the System has State Executive Commissions" (page 5). "The General Law to Prevent, Penalize and Eradicate Crimes Related to Human Trafficking and for the Protection and Assistance to Victims of such Crimes (Trafficking Law), had two modifications, emphasizing the uniform classification and penalization of the crime of trafficking throughout the country; 26 organizations already have the law and 10 have regulations. The harmonization of the...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"On 10 July 2008 the Government adopted an Action plan against prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes. The action plan focuses on the needs of the individual and consists of 5 action areas: increased support and protection for victims; stronger preventive work; enhanced quality and effectiveness in the justice system; the development of action targeted at perpetrators; greater national and international collaboration; and increased knowledge . . . The Government commissioned the Stockholm County Administrative Board to coordinate at national level the work being done by government agencies against prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes. The work covers stronger collaboration, operational support on methods, work on secure return...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Women and others in prostitution are not to be criminalized or subjected to administrative punishments, and have a right to live lives without being subjected to violence through the harm of prostitution" (page 2). "Those who are exploited in prostitution should be given adequate support and assistance, those who risk being prostituted should be given support and assistance, and measures to deter buyers of sexual services should be developed further . . . Women in prostitution should be seen as plaintiffs in selected cases of the purchase of sexual services allowing them to receive compensation or initiate civil suits" (page 6). "Time-limited, extendable residence permits, with a 30-day reflection period,...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, nor has the government established a system for providing protection for refugees. The government did not grant refugee status or asylum. The government had no known policy or provision for refugees or asylees and did not participate in international refugee fora"(10)
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

“Procedures to determine refugee status did not include provisions for standards of treatment for specific populations of asylum seekers, including those with special needs, survivors of gender-based violence and torture, the elderly, and persons with disabilities” (28, 29).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AW-LAW-1

“The constitution provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights. The government cooperated with UNHCR and other humanitarian organizations in providing protection and assistance to refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and other persons of concern” (9). “The government also provided protection to individuals who may not qualify as refugees. Between January and October 20, the government provided humanitarian protection to 10,821 persons and subsidiary protection to 7,242 persons” (11).
June 10, 2016, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Finally, the new directives on asylum known as the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), especially the Reception Directive and the Asylum Procedure Directive contain additional provisions considering the specific situation of vulnerable persons upon reception and during implementation of the asylum procedure. “Vulnerable persons” include pregnant women, single mothers with children under the age of 18, and those who have suffered torture, rape or other serious forms of violence, including FGM. The directives are implemented in German law by July 2015" (40).
May 23, 2016, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about the absence of measures to preserve the procedural rights of women in the context of refugee status determination procedures, including access to individual interviews and female interviewers and interpreters. It is also concerned about the compulsory and very narrow time frame established by Executive Decree No. 1182 for applying for refugee status and its consequences for women, in particular the lack of access to basic social services and health care for those in an irregular situation and the risk of sexual exploitation and trafficking" (13)